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'tantim mtuvissisu: LICU)."
Written for the Ahvocatk. As nioet of tho necessaries conven iences and luxuries of life lire tho product of labor, those products are virtually wealth. A country that from its forests, mines and extorsive natur nl agricultural facilities, can furnish, through tho medium of tr, nil the necessaries and I'onvcnicncics, with luOMtof tho luxuries, possesses within itself thnt which should render it in dependent of nil otlu rs; unlit in evi dent that its most important residents wo those who by their labor ami in telligence develop those resources, and .that c:L nvery inuivuiwLci.tlis class is entitled to a share of this'woa!!lh ia proportion, to his own contribution. As what nro termed necessaries aro peremptorily required for tho exist ence of lalor; a condition in which these are its only reward, is one of most abject servitude. An equitable distribution of thp produot of labor should protect all the industrious from privation. Tho establishment of national nchools tends to create n desire for a moro intellectual lifo thaji is consist ent with constant toil; even if this toil be exempt from physical incon veuiencies. A fair distribution among tho indus trious of their own products, would obviate tho necessity of continual la bor, and afford leisure audopportuni ry for a higher mental i:nd physical culturo Ah tho distribution by barter of tho industrial productions of a largo com munity, is in n great measure imprac ticable, for tho exchange of these commodities, it hhould bo obligatory iil)on the government to provide some moans of representing t heir values, n .means that could bo furnished com mensurate with their necessary in . croa.su. A currency issued by t he govern ment uiou tho security of this actual woalth of tho country should sutiico for idl purposea of internal commerce; Jtll necessary importation could be paid from its mines of precious mctnls silver at its commercial value, milking up miy deficiency in gold. Centralized industries carried on with enormous capital tend to disturb tho balance of supply and demand xmd produco lluctuation of prices con ducive to bankruptcy. A nd in many instances they become petty tyrannies. . Co-operntivo industries organized on n smaller scale and with regard to convenience of locality, would tend more to commercial equipoise. By Audi arrangements thero would be moro reciprocal consumption mid less liability to a disproportion of produc tion. , Tho evils resulting from tho coemo tion of tho necessaries for speculative purposes, Bhould find their remedy in tho establishment of a Graduated in come tax. Tho practicability of this tax, depends upon tho subversion of the present plutocracy. A government under anv nnmn that aimed to force an equality of con dition upon its peoplo, could only be of tho worst form nf ivrn is jiossible for any government to give jio nuuji-uM vquniny oi opportunity But tho manner in which capital ar rogates all advantar?eH iV ltlnm bery of the people at largo of their rights to opiortunity. L.vcox. Tim Vwwtl Drim'Ciwtlntlon. Tho United States Smato commit' too apjtointed to investigate the dress ed beef combine, has junt concluded its silting in Chicago. It has been denied that any such combination ex ists and t he grievance's of farmers and stock ruisers have lx-en pronounced purely imaginary. Tho unwilling testimony of the few witnesses whose attendance was secured before the committee, as well as tho testimony of Mr. llaightly and others at Kansas City in Juno last, establish the fact of tho existence of such a combination anil clearly rovcr.1 ..J .i-juious cnar actor. Wo have not space this week for a complete report of tho testimony but submit below some of tho most in teresting facts elicited. Tho princi pals of the great combine refused to appear before t he committee and their testimony was not therefore obtained. Sylvester Wilcox of Klgin, a large buyer and seller of live stock, and u lonler in dressed beef, testified that there had been a constant declino in the price of beef cattle in tho last few years without any decline in the price to the consumer. This decline in tho value of beef on foot has been steady and continuous tho price in 1889 be ing nearly one hundred per cent less than in 1WH Tho witness further tes tified that tho freight tariff on liva stock being higher than on dressed beef tho small dealers considered it to their advantage to buy drcsstHlboefin Chicago and that thereby Chicago had gained control of the livo stock market. Mr. Halliwcll was askod: "Do you not think tho depressed condition of trado in St. Louis is duo to some kind of combination which discriminates against St. Louis dressed beef in favor of that shipped from Chicago?" "No sir, I do not." "Can you givo any reason why tho St Louis trade should not bo increas ing ,y "I am unablo to state, unless it bo on account of tho fuctjthat St. Louis has a reputation for being a littJo slow er than Kansas City or Chicago in getting business." This caused Senator Vest to ex claim: "Did you Jnever hear of the 'eveners' combination ?" Tho witness admitted that ho had some twelve years ago. Senator Vest asked: "Well did you not hear that a cliquo of Chicago shippers made n combination with some of tho railroads by which cheap er rates were obtained from Chicago, and that by this St. Louis business was ruined I" Tho witness had heard somo talk of such things. Tho Senator pressed him harder and brought in tho name of Wilson, Morris and Allerton and some others as having been parties to tho "eveners" combination. "Thero was a plan by which they receivo $15 a car rebate on meat shipped from Chicago but I think thero was a discrimination against Chicago which that rebate did not overcome." Fred J. Rowland, former chief book keeper find confidential man for Nel son, Morris & Co., was asked: "Do you know of any agreement or com bination Ndsora, Morris & Co., Ar mour & Co. Swift & Co. and others T" "Am I obliged to answer that ques tion r ! "Yes ni r, you are." "Well they had a combination n mong themselves." "A combination for what f "A combination to sustain the price of dressed beef. They ngreed un cer tain prices in certain states, and they had matters so arranged that they could pay any price they chose for the animal." "Tell me," said Senator Vest "have you spoken to any of them since you were subperniied to come here!" "Yes, sir; I was told by the Fair- bftinv Oanning company thnt I need not come here at all, that it was not necessary." The following was unanimously passed and the committee adjourned: WiiEitr.AS, 1'hilin ! Armour, Nelson Morris, L. F. Swift, Frank E. Vogol, J.S. Newman and Jacob Meyer, hav ing beeu duly and lawfully summon ed to appear as witnesses before the committee, have repeatedly refused to obey tho same, it is ordered that the facts bo reported to the chairman of the senate of the United States at its next session in pursuance of chapter 7 of the revised Statutes of tho United States. There was other interesting testi mony taken which wo have not space to publish, all of which clearly estab lishes the fact that there is 'an effect ive combine which has steadily reduc ed the price of stock on foot, control led and monopolized the trade and firmly maintained the price of dressed beef. It is to resist such combina tions that the Fanners. Alliance is in ritituted ; and it must be apparent to the most casual observer of tho cur rent events of the day, that the con test is to be no child's play. If our present congress fails to en act some effective legislation for the. relief of tho producing classes it will become necessary to begin at the Ik ginning and place men m these posi tions who will do so. The act ion of congress upon tho report of this com mittee and upon the other questions involving tho legitimacy of trusts, wdl be awaited with intense interest by the people. AN INQUISITION. The prominent packers of Chicago by persisting in their neglect of tho subpoenas issued by Senator Vest's committee have made a mistake. A citizen who fails to exhibit are spect for constituted authority always makes n mistako and in this cane there aro many reasons why the packers should deal frankly with tho commit tee, even at tho risk of unfair treat ment by its chairman. Yet tlieir reluctance to testify about their private business before Senator Vest is not without excuse. If tho senate of tho United States bad in the interest of farmers appoint ed a committee to inquire impartially into tho causes of low pnices for cat tlo thero would be no excuso and a ro f usal to tostif would justly be taken against the reca ritrants aa far as tho other facts made a prima facie case against them. Senator Vest occupies no such position. Ho is an ex parte prosecutor of tho pucking houses. Ho asked for tho committee v der an ac cusation thrjtthu packing, houses ha forced domi tho jprico of c?-UU ty 'ft lawless combination. Ili.' tx k,s admitted no other view thun tli K U v porkers were public eriomu u mid pitcking industry a crime. AH d:u ing tho state legislative n rnloniii ct ast year ho advocated the ir.MpeclV;n bills which were frauds on their V:sx pretending to be sanitary measures when they wero intended to criudi a lenelieiid business. The packers are nware that in ap pearing before the committee they would be putting themselves in th . hands of an avowed enemy, who Trill use his authority to bullyrag and misrepresent them. They luvo tor." son to fool that every possible miVcon wtruction would bo placed upon their answers to questions which would not be guarded by the slightest obligation of fairness or dignity. In the hairida of a man whose object in life ia to make a case against it thero is not au industry in America which could not be made to suffer. A committee chairman armed with power to neud for witnesses and papers and viciously inclined to inflict injury, can always lind prejudiced or ignorent persons to testify to anything he dowirou and can annoy the objects of his animosity if he once gets them on a stand in a court of which he is tho chief judge and examining lawyer. The packers wero taught last winter that they are to be the prey of ft BOt of demagogues and another net of boat ling legislators for some time to come. The butchers' association with Senator Vest us it s attorney, law undertaken , tho destruction of packing in order that the control of prices to tho con humors may be more firmly fixed in tho hands of retail butchers. Every corrupt political bummer in the huid .' scents boodle and is going tu try to get into a state legislature so that fio can force money out of the packers. With the jackals of corruption and demagogy at their heels it is but natural that the victims should hesi tate to go bo foro a committee whoso chairman is leader of tho pack. Kansas City's most important man ufacturing industry is threatened. Kstablishments which employ several thousand hands and maintain a great stock market aro wantonly assailed. Business processes built up by largo investments of capital and scientific appliances are to bo jeopardized by ft man who has never hesitated to abuso to the utmost his oOicial power to, at tain the smallest personal end. Evad ing the inquisition set up by Senator Vest is to bo disapproved from one point, of view, but Kansas City can hardly avoid an opinion that there is some justification. Kama City Times. no Turtles wlio ronteinphite vhltlnu Top'iku lur Inif Hi-? Statu l'alr (Srpt. lfith. to iM.rt. Inclusive.) should tx-nr In inlml tlio fact tliatthn "Santa To f 11 lloiitc,' will (tfll vxcuntlon llfkt.N dully, conn l,jy iiicitrliiK Suudiiv, Si'it.Miilicr lr.lli, and coiitliin- f . Vn- liiK until Sntnaday, Si-t. Slit. '1 ihw tirkow will v'" 1)0 un nalo fium nil polnH in IGuisa At Otu'i The SAUK. KOU TIIK KOeNDTUIf, With niil' of .W th( ndsnl(iH'onioii (.7) cnitn) added. Tlckvt.t will lit, un limited for return on orlieforo Monday, Se.nW-ii. ; .. i ber'ilid. No on nlionld Tall to vl.ilt tin? ra1. i n M l the eajillnl dtyofKaii.ini. Keinomlier tlr? ' "'y thero Is no lino iuiiiiIiik an many through enrrf trains Into Toneka an Hie A. T. (i. S. 1 1J. Kverybody Interented In the firowlh ami dev A) .......... ,f If'M.u.ia .ill. I thu ii. Iv-int. nl t .1 above low rated. V w!.. t For further iiartlenlari hi ropird ,o tlwtf " f l :u;NlofH, nn'l on K. A. Waonka, - .wnt A. T. & S. JT. II. IE., MvrUW f' ... , or address (iso.T. icjiouhun, r"' o. r. &r, A..A.T.& h. r.