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I , "I; ' 1 , i J I J 7 I.v n x Ji. Jl 11 11 A ; ' '1 A" 'A H V, U " 7 rN , l V w V X X- A VOL. i. MERMEN, KAN., SATURDAY, SlUTBIBER i NO. 6, Tho Hcltttloiiot' tho Furmer AtUunco to Mi'iciuHlle rurmiitH. Wo dc;iro once more to controvert tho opinion which, notwithstanding all that has been said upon tho subject seems to h'avo gained credence in cor tm'n quarters, that tho Farmers' Alli ance is antagonistic to tho mercantile interests of tho country. That thero are cases where through misnpprohon sion, perhaps on tho part of both par ties., ft Rooming conflict has boon de veloped will not bo denied; but that iho intent of tho organization in to revolutionize our present business system has been repeatedly denied by tho highest authority in tho Order. Thero is a certain claw of men who, through a mistaken idea of what roal- ly concerns their own interest, havo deemed it incumbent upon theniFolvos to endeavor to cxeito a prejudico in tho mind:-) of business men and create dissension whore thoro isiio real cause for its existence. Tho most charitable view Hint can bo taken of this mista ken attidiido is to attribute it to igno- ' rnnce, and oven this is iuoxcusablo m view of. tho opportunities for acquir ing correct information. It may bo stut od us a very safo and proper rulo of action, that in all things m which the pence find harmony and good will of individual members of any comnnuu ly aro concerned, wo aro not justified in speaking until wo havo lirat in formed ourselves thoroughly of tho correctness of tho statements wo may feel it our duty to make; and m seek ing tho required information, all par ties in interest aro entitled to a hoar ing, and their interpretation of their own position is entitled to full cred it unless contradicted by ft proponder- e.nco of countervailing proof. When, therefore tho President of tho Nation al Alliance, and olficors high in au tkority in tho Order distinctly declare that it is not ono of tho purposes of tho Allianco to supercede tho present business system of tho mercantile world, their statement is entitled to credit until contradicted by more credible testimony than tho tattlo of r political blatherskite, who is as lg norant of tho Order as ho is of his own real interest and of tho true no cossitics of tho times. That men of this class havo succeeded in somo in stances in convincing themselves and a few others of tho probabilities of a conflict of interests botween tho dif ferent avocations of men in tho jrura districts, is beyond question, and in eomo localities' a prejudico has been excited that will only bo dispelled by tho lapso of time and tho more thor ough development of tho actual plans and purposes of tho Order. Agricultural and mercantile pur suits are distinctive in their character Tho agriculturist can novcr become a successful merchant, nor tho mer chant a good agriculturist without each neglecting his distinctive occupa- ' f tin two cl asses will carr ' fully examine their relations to each other, they will lind their interests so nearly allied that tho one can suffer no great calamity that its results will not be felt almost equally by tho oth er. We of course refer in this state ment to honorable business men who mvo a disposition to deal fairly with their fellow men, and these are abun- lunt in all rural districts. Sharks are easily discovered by their insatiable appetites, and aro instinctively avoid ed; but between the farmer and bill ing man, and tho honorable retail merchant thero is no conflict of intor- toroht except in the distorted imagina tion of tho hypochondriac. Let us once moro retierato tho dec laration of purposes of tho Farmers' Alliance. They will bear frequent repetition, atid greater familiarity with thorn will tend to dispel tho false ideas which become current through tho influence of prejudice or igno rance. DECLARATION Off IUHrOSES. Profoundly impressed that we, tho Farmers' Alliance, united by tho strong ana laithful ties of financial and homo interests, should sot forth our declaration of intentions, we therefore nnolre I. To labor for tho education of tho agricultural clauses in tho science of economical government, in a strict ly non-partispn spirit, li. To indorse the uouc J un things essential, unity; in all things, charity." 3. To develop a better state, men tally, morally, socially and financially 1. To create a better understand ing for sustaining civil ollicers in maintaining law and order. 5. To constantly strive to secure entire harmony and good will among all mankind, and brotherly lovo among ourselves. G. To suppress personal, local, sectional and national prejudices, all unhealthy rivalry and selfish ambi tion. 7. Tho brightest jewels which it garners are, tho tears of widows and orphans ; and its imperative commands are to visit tho homes where lacoratod hearts aro bleeding; to assuago tho sufferings of a brother or sistef ; bury tho dead; care for tho widow and educate tho orphans ; to exercise charitytoward of fenders; to construo words and deeds in their most favorable light; grant ing honesty of purpose and good in tention to others, and to protect tho principles of tho Allianco unto death. Its laws are reason and equity; its cardinal doctrines inspire purity of thought and life; its intention is, "Peace on earth and good will toward men.'' Tho agricultural and laboring classes realizo tho fact that under ex isting conditions they aro not receiving their legitimate share of tho wealth they produce, and they aro perfect ling their several organizations for tho purpose of enforcing the demands of justice. Various instrumentalities are essential to their succors. It will unquestionably become revary to wield tho tremendous political lnlln euce of all the combined forces of la W as one of the means of relief. It will be necessary to subvert the ma nipulations of speculators who now control tho markets of agricultural products. It will be necessary to overthrow all trusts and illegitimate combinations of capital for the cen tred of tho world's commodities, and effect a restoration of the businchs of tho country to a competitive basis. In the accomplishment of these results the farmer, the laborer, the mechanic, tho merchant and tho professional clauses are alike interested. When agricultural products command re munerative prices, all branches of business in the entire country are prosperous, luul when these products aro sold at a loss every indust ry and every occupation suffers accordingly. When all commercial products com mand a strictly logitimate"profit all classes aoaliko benefitted. Instead, therefore, of encountering opposition from any source except from those who aro eugaged in the illegitimate irsnits against which cur energies are directed, we might reasonably hope for the good will and encourage mint of ail nliko, and thai may be ex peeled when our, principles and pur poses aro better understood. The Increase of Trunin. Trusts are now so common t hrough out tho country that one can scarcely pick up a paper without finding that some new one has been organized. Tho last ono reported is a great coal trust in Pennsylvania. There is a natural and well recognized law of commerce which should fix and con trol the price of commodities in this as well as in all other countries. This law is one of "supply and demand," and whenever ono or more individuals by tho uho of money or otherwise, violate this law by either increasing or i it i aecreasinirino vauio oi commouiues far selfish purposes, they commit a crimo against tho public, for which they deservo adequato ptminhment. Tho constitution of the United States was designed to protect tho people in their lives, their liberty and property, and congress is derelict in its duty to tho people just so long as it fails to pass a law making it a crime to form a trust. But just how long tho peo plo will havo to wait for relief, wh ich may come from congress, no ono can tell. V It will nover come until tho ccr poration lawyer and national banker aro forced to retiro to tho shades of privato life and give place to honest men who aro in sympathy with the great body of ho people. That con gress has tho right to pass laws upon tho subject of trusts thero can bo no doubt. Tho trouble is that there e,ro too many men now in the congress oi the United States, whoso intent. is in clines them to look upon trusts in tv sumolight that Mr, Bhiine considered them in the late presidential campaign viz: as mere "privato affairs." As well might tho business of tho burg lar and the robber bo considered "pri vate affairs" because both are robbern. What advantages do tho average citi zen derive from citizenship in a gov eminent which permits the strong (when organized into tru,sts) to prey upon the property of the weak? Pro toclion of the weak agiuiir.t il:. i-.;;- gressions of the ptrong is ono cf V. : fundamental ideas of civil govern! : . I Indeed, protection is tho'voryprico of citizens allegience, To assumo that t he government cannot control trusts in the interest of the great body of its citizens is equivalent to assig n ing that our government is a failure Tho early gold hunters of Oalifoniu remember the great flour trust tlr.t was formed in that state, when a com bination of moneyed men bought' up the flour in the whole state and juvft chartered ft vessel ami sent it ont up on the ocean to moot 'in-coming vm' Mi ls loaded with flour, in order to pur ¬ chase it before it roucle'diluy g:IiL. n ihufoN of C'.hfou.h. They TilI'uvo a vivid rcrolUviion of. l."v th:i hi.m(' :y miners caused the price of flour to de cline in one day from forty cents per pound to ten cents, the price at which it t;old before the trust. It was all accomplished by the strong arms of, an outraged pwplo, who broke into the warehouses and rolled the Hour into the streets, aud in this way broke up the dishonest trust. Unless our government enacts laws designed to protect tho people against these un lawful combinations the time may soon como when tho people will be justified (u resorting to that higher law under which men havo tho, ihd given right to self-protection, Soidh cm Me wary. ? The trust business is becoming lonj profitable and somewhat uncertain now that publio sentiment is against it. Tho salt trust is languishing for want of harmony and in omo of tho states the sugar trust finds exceedingly "rough sailing" Tho attorney gener al h;is secured an order from tho courts for revoking the charter of a New York sugar refining company, becau.se it had entered tho trust, con trary to the letter of its charter. Tito people aro becoming awakened to tho necef sity of breaking up tho trust bus iness, and we would not b:i surprise d to see congress taken derided stand in opposition to them at its next ces sion. American Fanner. (-e If the trubts can not bo mndo1' come when called bv a United J-iula Senatorial committee, tU?y 'c; made to go when the people f t ' and tho people are gettin; r '1''' r,''J, say to in tone.? that a dchf 7''.; , , hear without t,n tnt tnwip tal. v.' ;".'