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VOL. t. MERIDEN. KAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1889. fipoechof llvnn Jomu atthe mooting of the N'utlonal. Farmers' and Lubor riV Union at Bt. Ixmln. To the OJJkeu and Members of the Farmer' and Laborer? Union of A tnerica, greeting: Diun Brotiikiis This is certainly nn auspicious occlusion, it being tho iirst mooting of our organization j nn organization that to-day stands with out n poor in its influenco (or good, not to tho farmers nnd laborers only, that you represent, but tocvory legit imate and necessary interest of a free find independent government; and upon tho perpetuation of its princi jr'os, and their influences upon our liplo, depend tho prosperity and lib orty of all classes, and tho stability and iowor of our Nation. An organization whoso fundamental principles aro founded ujxm equity and justice and whoso cardinal doc trines inspire peace on earth, ulovo of liberty and g(x)d will to all mankind: an organization whoso rise and pro gress i without a parallel, and which in destined in no distant day to em brace tho entire Kgricnlturo and labor ors of tho world, and whoso power imd inflWuco ehall protect their liber ty and interest from tho encroachment of rings, trusts and soulless combina tion which aro rdwiorbing'dll of thi profits of labor, and thereby paralyz ing the industries of our country. Tho wonderful growth of our order during tho briof period of ten years, and tho rapid stridor it has taken in establishing its various enterprises, bawd upon fair and equitable princi ples, have had a salutary influenco up on commerce ani excited tho admira tion and rcsiHKstof tho business world It hus also arousod tho hostility of t he greedy and avaricious trubts, rings mid monoplistio combinations to such On extent, that groat and persistent efforts are put forth by them to thwart ! us in every attempt at reform or effort to correct the prevailing evils that now onviron and threaten tho destruction of our industrial classes. Ours is no common effort. Wo nro approaching a period of social and po litical dovelopoment that will teat tho wisdom and patriotism of our whle people, and will domand tho most guarded and conservative action of our groatost statesman. " Tho weal or woo of our nation de pends upon tho intelligent action of tho industrial and conservative classes through organization, education and co-operation. j' Brethren, in view of tho abovo fact and recognizing you as representing tho intelligence of tho various State organizations in tin's, our highest leg islative body (a creature of the Nation al Farmers' Alliance and Co-operativo Union of America and the National Agricultural Wheel, tho consolidated jK)ver and influence of which, - makes it one of tht greatest organizations in the world), would call your attention on this occasion, and impress upon you the necessity of tho most guardtn, in tilligeut and conservative action. CONSOLIDATION. It is an evident fact, that to free our industrial clauses from the oppressions that now prevail nouiiiverially, it will require a porfect concert of action of all sections; therefore one of tho most important subjects to be considered by this body is a basis of union or co operation with all kindred organiza tions, and, whereas there havo boon negotiations betwoon the National Farmers' Alliance and tho Farmer' Mutual Benefit Association of tho Northwestern states, looking to a con- ( Bolidation of these two great agricul tural organizations with the Farmers' and Laborers' Union of America, and as delegates from tho National Far mers' Alliance and National Mutual Benefit Association are now in tho city, would recommend that you give this matter your immediate attention, and if possible, agree upon n basis of union, or at least co-operation. CONSTITUTION. I would call your attention to the necessity of more closely guarding tho State rights in our constitution. Would rocommond that the work of organizing fihould coino under tho ju riedictiou of Stato organizations, pro-, vided however, that in unorganized States tho President of tho Farmers' and Laborer' Union of America shall appoint organizers and take general supervision of the work. And, WnritEAR, Tho Coiiptitution defines tho duties of an executive committee, would call your attention to tho fail ure of providing for tho creation of same. And, W ueiueas, Tho Constitution under tho hoad of miscellaneous, now pro vides that all trials for offences shall bo by tho Farmors' and Laborers' Un ion of America while in session : and Whereas, Tho time of holding said meetings is liniitod, and the expenses of samo great; would recommend tho creation of a supreme judiciary, who shall hear and try ull cases. I would also call your attention to tho necessity of bonding your aecrcta ry. Also to the moro clearly defining Art 7 governing eligibility. CO-OPEBATION. Th 3 advancement of civilization, tho development of the natural resources of our country, tho promotion and per petuation of our f reo institutions, tho stability, power and influence of our republican system of government, tho creation and successful operation of all our K'gtio enterprises, which gives strength and influenco to gov ernment, depends largely, if not whol ly, upon tho intelligent application of the truo principles of co-operation. Tho moat, if not every failure of all tho various business efforts of our or der, is due to n want of a proper un derstading and a strict adherence to tho business principles of co-operation. It 13 the foundation that uadorlis the wholo superstruct ure of our noble order, and n strict adherence to its principles will load the membership to n degree of prosperity that fchall gladden tho hearts of nil, and bring joy and contentment around the fam ily circlo. I would recommend that you spare no effort in providing tho necessary facilities for tho better education of tho membership in these great princi ples. FINANCE. The monopolization of finance has been, nnd now is, tho fountain from which all monopolies, rings, trusts and oppressive organization 3 draw their support, strength nnd power. Money in sinking and insufficient volume remits lalor to idleness, re duces the price cf products, plants mortgages on tho homes of our people, bankrupts those who are forced to bor row, paralyzes our industries, and produces hard times and great priva tions among tho masses. It is impossible to have an equitable adjustment of capital ond labor, fo long as money in contracted below that which is adequate to the demands of commerce; henco if we would cor rect the abuses arid powers that nro now prostrating and enslaving our in-duf-trios, lift the ir.ortg from .the homes of our people, restore pence and prowperity to oir now paralyzed and almost ruined agriculturist and laboring people, wo must havo t circulating-medium in mifflciont volume, to admit of transacting our business upon a cash basis. I would therefore recommend that you demand nt tho hands of the law making functions of our nation, a monetary systom, that shall conform to the interest of tho producing and laboring classes as well us tho specu lator and usurer: That tho coinage of silvor be an free as gold, and that gold and silver be supplemented with treasury notes, (winch Bball be full legal tender for all contracts) in n sufficient amount to furnish a circulating medium com mensurate to tho business necessities of tho people LAND. There is, perhaps, no question that demands moro serious Mention at this time, than tho preint condition of our land. From its many resources, flow all tho wealth of our nation; and upon its proper and just distribution depend tho prosperity, contentment and hap pinofjs of tho yoeraanry,- a class upon whom all nations must largely depend for strength and support. During tho greatest prosperity of Rome, about eighty-live per cent, of her population owned titles in land. ! It was then that she was founded up on a rock, and was mistress of the world; but in tho courwo of hor histo ry, through tho monopolization of he r lands by tho few, through unjust kg- KO. 1() islation, the homoii were wrenched from tho hands of tho mr ;ri,n, anil when the dark dtvih ford ni roar !,?:d, upon which civilisation was to die, Vm than two per cent, of tho people con trolled tho land; nnd it in said, ihr.i Ixmt fifteen hundred men coutrollod tho wealth of tho world. To-day wo find in America millions of acres of her frrtita lands, bought by the lives nnd effects of our forefather?!, ' which Hhould havo been held Kamvl for homes for their posterity, fiqvxn dered upon railroads and other cor porations, and million:! moro a:o owned and controlled by dcL".r:ji-c and foreign syndicates; whilo n hrf;e: per cent, of our homes arO'lopckjr mortgr.gcd, nnd nlxjut lU'ty per cent, of our nous are tfnar.ti. This wholetale ntawpiioa of land by aggregated capital raunt b chocked, or it will finally cm lavo the houest yoemr.nry o5 our country, nnd inevitably destroy ur much loved re public y fhe hope of America dopenda upon the ownewbip of tho laud boiug vc.'t ed in thono who till tho coil. Qivo thfl people) henuw, theirti to i:n prove, theirs to cnHi r?fy theirs to beautify nnd theirs to enjoy, v.vA our grard rcipiiblb ?,IU c.knd i tfmrr. of modern! civil kriioa r.nd Kjtijn.sl greatness. v I would reecrwiiorul that jou (T5 mand legislation for the bettor f rota tion of th a landj end homcijof our poplo end rt lawprolibit.bg thoa!iMi ownership of land in America. Ltmds of America ehorild bo o.vnf d and controlled by citizens of America. THAflZirCRTATIOM. As ft menus of developing tho many natural resources of 'our great and powerful nation and tho diiitribaizoa of our products for use end comfort of onr people, railroads take tho It ad ns ft benof actor of the human .'niJy if properly used; but tho avarice and greed manifested on tho part of the great corporations, havo through th ;',t unjust manipulation of trmpoiH'vi destroyed all compi)titiou,and liiicu. oppressorn rather thrtn scnrftnt'icf. iljo peoplo for which they worn crcdod. TheHo corporations have tltfi i':;.! should bo protected ; a ri;ht to t. neus, to logitinate profits, to property and restricted power. It is not tho railroads of which tho people complain, but tho dLrj-m of their powern, chnrter(Hl rights nnd privileges, Everything they have txA enjoy hangs liko n plummet to iticcrdiijlca law alone; and ns the law derive fa strength solely from tho wUl and obe dience of tho people, every rail, car, stock, bond nnd charter hits iisecenri ty and protection chiefly from that fonder homjtgo aad rovcnu.o nhkh eminates from tho law abiirn' and liberty lovin;r rgrioultcriufj ml la . oppressing them, they MochaC.-.t-'p cords upon which ulcko b.?rp Vj:; ;.r, (Continued on eaj i