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ill 1 ft 11 1 VOCA1 J -I T"; 1 . L.1 I Devoted to The Interests of The Farmers1 Alliance and Industrial Union and other Kindred Organizations. VOL. I. TOIM'KA, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 1(1, IWM). NO. 22. Straight Talk to Farmers by a Private Citizen. Permit mo to cull the attention of your readers who fed Interested In the pros perity of Kansas furmerB and manual la bor of all kinds to the fact that the pres ent condition of farmers urines principally from five causes, all within their power to control us follows: 1. The effect of IntereHt lu transfer ring property from the ownership of ltd producers Into that of money lenders. Probably not one man in ilfty thousand ban any adequate conception of the tro mendious results of iutereHt upon the con ditions of all classes of people. Farmers and others who desire to underhand thin Bubjeet should procure and read and re read the book written and published 40 years ago by Edward Kellogg, of Con necticut, and now In print ad one of the Lovell Library paper-covered volumes, costing 20 cento, retail. It is entitled, "Labor and Capital." and Is no romance. If every grange and farmers' alliance would procure this book, of which prob ably not one voter in ten thousand has ever heard, and read and discuss It thoroughly, the enlivening spectacle of governors, members of legislatures, rail road commissioners, 'rf, traveling around on railroad pusses to condole with farmers who are paying about two brshclsof corn to get one bushel to market, would como to a permanent quietus, whatever became of existing parties and the statesmen who manipulate them. 3. Lack of legal tender currency. The work above numod Is the precursor of latter-day literature and discussion of that Bubjoct, It is safe to say that Mr. ' Harrison has never found time to read it. 3, Exorbitant freights to compel pro ductive industry to pay burdensome in terest and dividends on thousands of mil lions of dollars of bonds and stocks that have no equitable existence. What has ;..tho Board of Itailroad Commissioners done to reduce freights? 4. Unnecessary purchase and wasteful care of farm machinery great and small. No dodging. The average life of farm machinery In Kansas is stated by men who sell and collect the chattel mortgage notes given in payment, to bo third years Their reckless and inexcusable improvi dence in this way alone has In its results Impoverished and bankrupted more far mers in Kansas than taxes, liquor, tariff, trusts and monopolies combined; and this ruinous mismanagement is going on as recklessly as lu all previous years. Will granges, alliances and politicians please , llgnre this up? It is for each individual farmer to re form himself In regard to how much machinery he runs into debt for and then destroys. 5. Mismanagement of their affairs on the farm, a lack of Bystem, care of live stock, waste of time and labor, In scores of ways, evident enough on four farms out of five all over the state. These causes of financial difficulty can only bo reme died by individual management and in dustry. No labor or privation will pre vail against poor management. I was at a farm the other day, where the owner works hard all the year round, and his family live plainly and uncomfortably, I as I regret to say, the great ma1 " $t ..fanners do in Kansas. ! Yi , .-k. . ;. .t,a mi uUA s'J & 0 , Implements all standing ut lu the wind. Hiin, snow, or any other wi going to rust and ruin, while he tolls and denies himself and family reasonable comforts to gratify tills tnunia for furin machinery and the Improvident disregard for it when purchased. This is true of tens of thousands of Kuusus farms and the farmers, and its financial effects are too disastrous and deplorable to form a subject of popular discourse or enable the most gifted speakerto acquire and re tain the votes of mi admiring agricultural constituency. It is too harrowing for discussion, As political popularity, and oftlcial po sition and emolument are not to be ob tained by holiest talk, straight truth and fearless adv ice to farmers for their own material prosperity, the above five load ing causes of agricultural depression In Kansas will of course continue to be pass ed by or alluded to with kid glove tender ness by the orators of the day at farmers gatherings. Still there Is'some comfort; If not practical relief to farmers, in hearing well salaried olllcials manifest a sympa thetic intersst in the low price of corn and cuttle and deplore the high prices of sugar, coffee, tobacco and other necessi ties of life, and a farmer ought to feel much more resigned to getting along with' a very moderate supply of comfort, If these gentleman are sympathizing with him and willing to receive his political support until they devise measures of re lief. Itlsavery philanthropic spectacle Indeed. Practical relief might possibly come about if farmers give the five subjects named their Borioun consideration and In vestigation, applying remedies they have in their power as voters and Individual managers, but ub long us their attention can be engrossed with tariff, resubmission and other subjects about which they must forever remain divided In opinion and action, the monopolies, trusts; com bines, ami other evils that anybody can afford to denounce without endangering their standing with the gentlemen who conduct those institutions, will continue to rake In their regular profits without diJllculty. The farmer Is at last getting restless; lie don't understand why the proceeds of his toil must year after year with largo crops, or small crops, go into other pockets than his own; ho must bo diverted In someway from too direct an investigation, or he might become an un controllable voter. Then what might be come of existing parties and politicians? lint tnere is really no danger, or so little of the farmers giving their attention to the subject"! mentioned in tills article that things may be expected to go on jont about as they have been going, and the politicians who tickle the fanners most skillfully will continue to "get there" and statesmanship reap its due reward as heretofore. -,, . (Irnham in h'mporii Hi 'pultlii'iUI. ThcrrinciiiU'sof The Farmers' Alliance. Wo give In part, the address of "Old Fogy" before the Alliance Just organized at the Agricult ural College, as It brings prominently before our brcthern the principles ami policy, adonted at St.. Lon! f "We demand that the eonrniiwnt n ereci warehouses at any point where a buslneHs of half a million dollars, yearly, is done. I hat the government shall take the products of the soil that are not perish able In their nature and M.ro them, and issue to the farmer bills of exchange to the value of HI) per cent, of the products so warehoused. "That the producer uTin.11 have the right to keep his goods in the warehouse for a year, or to sell at any time during the year. That the certificate Issued shall be le gal tender for public and private debts. "That the coinage of gold and silver shall not bo limited. "That the government shall own and control the railroads and telegraph lines of our country." These are the cardinal principles of our prmilH ,rum 1,10 "PW"1"1 order nrom an street to the farm. It is the policy of the gold contraction party, the bond absorption party, the grand money trust of this country, which dominates both political parties, to con tract the money volume, to enrich the bondholders and impoverish the neonle. and to hide their crime from tho public by a noisy war over tariff taxes, not how ever, forjliefr abolition irT&uPl)0B'nK tliat we would ultimately need 5,000 warehouses and that the cost of theso warehouses whold be .$25,000,000, or double if you will, the very liberal estl mates and make It &0 millions of dollars, yet, if the government were to charge half the rates now, charged for Insuring and warchonseing, the receipts would, In five years' time, pay for the warehouses so constructed. But suppase It did not. Has not the government built in all the cities of any size postofllces, at a cost of hundred of millions? Has not tho government for commerce and contractor passed appropriation bills, the amount of which makes our demands look insignificant by comparison? One of the arguments has been that where tho government erected public buildings It gave employment to hundreds of mechanics and scattered money where the Improvements were made. You may bo ready to say this is a new or novel plan. On the contrary, Joseph, the great Secretary of State for King Potlphar, carried on tho warehouse system centuries ago, the German and French governments have both practiced the plan, and at times when It seemed as If Ihe State would go down in wreck and ruin, and they were saved by its adoption. Every manufacturer of whisky can hold his goods for a market that suits him hold fur three yurs and the government owns, practically, : per cent, for taxes. If the, cost of collecting internal reve nue is less than the porc lit., we ( unsafe ly assume that It would not be over 2 per cent, by our method. Our national banks are conducted on the same plan. They deport evidences of debt aud get 00 percent, in certificates which we call natioual bunk notes. We, on tho other hand, propose to deposit evidence of wailli, Kiieh products as the world cannot do without and we only ask 80 per cent, of their value. Private warehouses or those owned by corporations persue the same line. Wheat is, 'jposHed in elevators, sold on certill- Neither part' , Y " v ' and yop.?" T1- ""- bulk. The government now lusucs coytl Unites on gold and ullver, so that there. Is not hing new in the plan, but It Is striking ly new for the farmer, tho mechanic and laborer, to ask for an) thing for their ben efit? You may be ready to ak what benefit,! are expected to flow from the adoption of this plan? It would increase the prion of all pro ducts, for the farmer need not sell hli pn ducts until they would bring him a mar gin of profits Instead of a clear iocs as lu now the case, It would Increase the volume of curren cy, and make It possible If mch an amount were needed to make tho total reach one billion of dollars. Take our cotton crops wo could get ano,(HK),O0O dollars, and yet not have sold one pound of cotton If tho price was not such as would yield uu a profit. We could raise cotton from to 12 cent per pound, an increase of over one hun dred millions in values in one year. It would raise wheat from 75 cents to $1 per bushel, and wheat raising would once more be profitable. It would transfer the profits from the speculator to tho laborer, In short wo propose to have a Bub- Treasury lu each county and for tho pro ducer to receive from the government bllto of exchange th;4 U;U1 l JefVal tender for all tho people. IJy adding to the volur.no of currency we would decrease tho rater of interest aud Inereaj tho valuea of the fanner. Hpuoo will not permit of more extended fxtruota.JYojraMiYtf FariMr. "In conversation with a leading and lu lluental farmer of the country thlj week, he related how a prominent reprcsenta-i tivo of tho loan Interests bad approached him with a proposition, and was urgent in. bis rcqucBt, that as a representative, of the Alliance ho exert his influence to havoarj, agent sent from this country to Castle Garden, where the foreign gurbago in , dumped on our shores, to iccure as large an emigration from that clasu to como west and occupy these idle farms aa teu auta; that it would populate tho rural dis tricts ami give us a "stable," industrious class of farmers. In lens than an hour, be continued, I waa talking with a banker, aod he said we ought to do something to fill up these ldlo farms with foreigners, and to lo that ho waa in favor of doing away with this prohibition, as foreigners must have their beverages; he had done business with that class of people, and they were far preferable to the native born; they live on less, are saving and econom ical, and a more profitable class to bonk wit h." Nonconform iK The Wichita Eagle suys the farmers' Alliance has Home good ideas that ought to be put in practice. This is true onougb, but a good many of them are Impractlca bh-TtiHka Journal. That is altogether from what standpoint they are viewed. All tho 'trusts and rom- bines of the country think the eamo thing. All the option grain gamblers and stock wreckers of the country will also endorse yonr observation. Cougra.i itsvU Li vtit.1i a very troubled apirlt fwitrmj-l;in tin "impractieablal notion. of t'te , Vt:: r,-1 Aliiawo. Ityc-n t.Volhe.,l,;u..i .::W.Y.' W ' - rii-wt;.rt truth1 ! V " '