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iV J'L- I h i -i f , ft fi) prffb m ; V- 3 - f A Devoted to the Interests of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and Other Kindred Organizations. VOL. II. NO. 2. TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1890. 10 PAGES. DECLINE OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC. Tin' HcHiiniiti(n Act In tin1 KoyHtono to the (Irt'iit Ap'Ii til' ('inisiilritcy-ItM TVrrlole KII'.ctH - A Parallel In KiikIInIi Fiiiam liil HlHtory nntl It Hi-milt -The ILijiltl ('ont'entriitloii of Wealth-Stunt' Siirtllng Stiitli4tl'K-Tli Moral, Social mill Political Sltuu-tlon-A Hnt'of Relief. IS h k V r MY W. fl. MORGAN. NO. XII. Wo have followed tho conspirators along tho intricato paths of treachery and iluplii'Ity for tn years. In that timo evorp atone In tho great arch of con . Hpiracy againHt American liberty had been finished and succesHfully laid In its placo Jmt the keystone of tho unholy structure. Thin enmo January 11, 187.r, in tho shape of tho redemption act. RoHumptlon and nn'honont dollar" was declared as the Ultima Tliiiln of tho money power. Thin wan the powerful lever with which they worked ..heir diabolical schemes from the beginning. The contraction act of 18(Ml wan panned with a "view to resumption" and an "honest, dollar." An "honest dol lar" wuh the pretext for passing the credit strengthening (weakening) act of 1HM; tho funding act of 1870, and the demonl tlation act of 1873. Aftor all tho lega tion in favor of tho money power, It la still demanding an "honest dollar," and raining tho cry of "repudiation" at every attempt of the people to protect their In terests. It asks Congress to take "Rob" Insertion's advice ami make tho silver dollar oa big as a wagon whool if neces sary to make it "honost." And why not? Wouldn't Mr. IngerRoll present a novel spectacle receiving his two hundrod sil ver dollars aa largo ns wagon wheels as pay for delivering a locturo on "Skulls" or the "Mlatakea of Mohos?" It la a pity that this very remarkable man this silver-tongued orator coidd not be Induced to deliver a few lectures on "The Mis takes of tho American Congress," in be half of tho ioor man for whom he pro feapes such strong friendship. If the peo ple in the past twenty-five years had been duped half aa much in religion as lnpoll tics, they would have set up an Image of the devil In "very church, and a very large majority of them would now be worshipping Ids Satanic Majesty. But to Cnrn to our subject. Resumption of : 'o payments ia the most stupendous ;.iiiid ever practlcod upon an Intelligent people. There might be some excuse rendered for the worship of Mahomet, for the existence of the doc trine of the divine rights of kings or even tho doctrines of Joe Smith, the apostle of polygamy; but that It Is r r ...... i ' - v,. y J. V. WILL ITS. The candidate of the people's party for governor, wan born of Quaker parentage in central Indiana In and la there fore f7 years of age. His father was a carpenter and Mr. Willita worked at thia trade in early life. Ills father afterwarda bought a tannery, and ho then worked at the tanner's trade until ho was 2.r yearn of ago, when he moved to a farm In JelTerson county, Kansas. Ho Identified himself with the grange when It was first organized; was either overseer or lecturer for that organization for fifteen years. Ho was master of tho l'omona Orango of JofTeraon county for fivo years. He was In the Kansas legislature in 1871- 3, and we may have occasion to refer to hia legislative record herenfter. The enemies of the pooplo's party have already falsified that record in some ro specta, and we have corrected them. It may become necessary to publish it com plete before the close of the campaign. Mr. Willits was elected president of the JelTerson County Agricultural So ciety at its organization, where he served four years. He has been Intimately Identified with the agricultural interests of his county and state during Ida entire residence on its soil. He was one of tho first to Identify himself with the alllaneo at Its organization in hia section of the state, and haa been an earnest and elli cient worker In Ita Interests. He has Horvod ono year as president of the JelTerson County Alliance, being elected by acclamation, and was re-elected at the Inst annual meeting. At tho Juno conference in this city when tho people's party was organized, he was electod chairman of the stato central committee, and served in that capacity until his nomination for governor by tho recent convention. He is and ever has been pre-eminently a man of the people; and when he takes his seat as governor of tho state, the people of Kan sas may feelasnured of tho impartial ex ecution of all tho laws upon our statuto books. There will lie no pardon of crimi nals because of their high social position, neither will poor colored men languish In prison for crimes committed by those who hold higher positions than them selves in social life. necessary to regard gold and silver alone aa the only basis upon which to predi cate money, Is one of the most stupendous lies that eyer emanated from the Infernal regions siiM'o th devil succeeded In be guiling "4ther Kt6 to eat of the forbid den fruit In the biggest humbug of all. The advocates of tho doctrine them selves proclaim that one dollar In coin la sufficient to float three of paper, and tho government accepts thla theory aa cor rect and lock up IOO,(XXV)00 of coin lr the treasury with which to float f.'HN.OOO, 000 of greenbacks. Now, a very perti nent question la, where n the necessity of keeping all this coin, which belongs to tho people, looked up In the treasury to moot a contingency that is not at all likely to nrlao, and If It should arise the inadequacy of the amount of coin on hand to meet the demand would only le conclusive proof of tho utter fallacy of the system. The very fact that gold and silver doea not nor ever haa ex Idled In sufficient quantities t furnish an adequate amount of circulating medium, or an foment Imsls for a sumViont quantity of paper money, ia one of the most potent arguments of the fallacy of the specie basis system with ita twin brothers, contraction and resump tion. For a government to Issue bonds to purchase coin as a baaia for Itn own money, and thus entail an Interest bur den upon a people who poHaess real es tate and other property enough for twenty times tho amount of money needed, is a fraud and inconsistency entirely out of keeping with tho advanced Intelligence and civilization of the latter part of the nineteenth century. It Is claimed that gold and sliver Is a commodity having a commercial value In tho markets of the world; Is a recognized standard of value by all nations, and hence Is tho only legitimate basis for paper money. Wo have not space to discuss the fallacy of of some of these claims, but will only In dicate the weakness of their foundation. It Is true that gold and silver have a recog nized commercial value In the markets of the world, but tho same can bo said of wheat, corn, cotton, pork, beef and many other commodities. The claim that It la a recognized nUindard of value Ib false. The following is taken from an article on money In tho American Cyclopedia; Further; on tlio toNtlmony of Thonian narlnur, we aru injured that it whm found ImiimikIiU) ditr ln Hie rrlslH of M7 In Ixmtlon to rulso any niiiiiey whatever on tlm sum of f '4).U)0 of Kilver. iMirlnscAHlmllarcrlHlMln Calcutta In iHtuit wu equally hiiNmulIo to raliw even a ilntclo nijvee on fn,ooo of j(Il. Tim former wan not A I kI tender alxive fony KliUIln, while the latter wan not for any tmm whatever. The same, could not have boon said of pork, hoof, wheat or labor. If there Is one measure of valuo more true than any other, and of thla wo have no doubt, It is labor. It Is the tape line which measures the value of nil things. It measures the valuo of gold and silver, of pork and beef, of houses and lands. If it is.