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fill hi f Devoted to the Interests of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and Other Kindred Organizations. VOL. II. NO. 27. TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1891. 1G PAGES. niK KA2LY HISTORY 05T THE FARMEIU ALLIANCE. Kanmia Blill In tlio Leiul-Tho Order Orgnn inul in Thlt Stnto-Tho Kbcl Brteadtfr Scare Eiplodml. 11 Y 0. CANI'lltM During the campaign that has Juat closed, in which tho Allhnco has taken an active part, thero haa been a great effort on the part of politicians both north and . bo nth to miitsropreecnt the Alliance move ment In the south, people are told that thia movement ia of northern origin, Republican device to disrupt the Demo cratic party of the south, strike down white rule, and establish black suprem rvcy instead, while in the north, politi cians tall us the movement ia a southern Institution, divined by southern Demo crats of the Kelley chf j&ctcr, and da eignod to destroy the Republican party cf the north, strlko down the pensions of ex-fmteral soldiers, and Install rebel brig adlcrs in power, and thereby abrogate all the results of the war. These falne state ments on the part of the politicians have doubtkea kept many from joining thla movement, which ia dcalgn&d to correct abuses and preserve tho national rights of the people, and hence it becomes our duty to aoecriala aa noar aa poeslble the history of thla great movement that no ponton need be deceived with reference to Its origin and lti objocta. Kanojtf raodantly hya claim to thla Movement aa of Kansas origin; and while we will offer our proof in support of this propoaltlon, yot we ask all members to come forth If they have facta which dis prove tho claims herein set forth. HISTORY, It will be remembered that early in the elxtia, Congress granted the M., K. & T. and the L., L. & O. railway conipaaltg a tiact of land In and through the state of Kanras to aid In the construction of their road j. At the time this grant was cuula there was a tract of land lying in the Bouthecsiarn part of the elata known aa the Oeae coded landa, which was ro uorved from the operation of tho grant, ia tamuch aa it waa not a part of the public landa of the state. When the, ro&da wro built, however, Uikx h;ids had beca tre::od for and wero a part of tb.o public &cx,il and wcxa prXenlad t the rcjpoc tive rcilway con.'; hIjo. The settlers, ia t& tttaz'ieta et!ed lipoa tWa Zan&i la X XS, 0 and ?3 ja goodf&t'Ji, tUnlhs thsy xni goTtra raent tenda, and weo no rxferraed by the intexbr Aiytstetat It Wa :hhcnt D. C, 2.hny of tI-,9 acaJws Raa T&Icfclb k YwmMU oa wJ;it proves to U k;;U mont to tiii rullv. landa Included la the original grant or indemnity lands, and the railway com panica required the settlers to pay the value of their own improveraenta, bo Bides a high price for the landa. Thia the settlers refused to do, and prepared to resist the railway companies In the courts, and with physical force If need be. The legal point Involved, briefly stated, was this: The railway companies claimed that their grants took effect when their reads were built "In and through the state of Kansas," and that when these roada were constructed the Oeage ceded landa were a part of the publlo landa of the state, and subject to their granta The settlers on the other hand claimed theae landa were open to pre emption settlement by the proclamation of the lVMcat of the United Siateu; that la pursuance of such proclamation they had entered upon these landa aa innocent parties ia good faith, and had erected lasting and valuable improvements thereon, and that the granta of land to the railway companiea did not extend beyond the Hmita of what was tho public landa of the state of Kan Baa at the time the grants were made by act of Congress. Thla la the caao briefly stated: The sottlera orranlzed oDenl r at unit to resist the encroachments of the railway companies upon their rights; but tm companies were ported as to all tho B6tllr34 movements and defeated them. The closed organization waa then adopt ed early la 72, which waa called "The Settlers' Protective Association," but which waa generally known aa the Bet tiara' League, or Alliance. They took upon themselves political action; they in etructod and pledged their Congressmen, and through the membora of the Leglwla- iuro uieir tieEaiora. ine result wm th.at an act waa paaeod by Congress early in the mention, known as the "Ecabllnr Act," which authorial the sattlesra to bring aa action la ths name of the UnStsd States! to flit aaide the pr.tcnta kaued by tt government to tbeso railway corpor ctloxi, bo far m they related to tho Osage ceded la&&3, tad the United Biatea dis trict attorney vras iuctructcd, In com pany v l'.h tho scttlon' attorneys, to pxe- U-,e ewe for theUnltod EUtm court. About thla time, George R Pock, who ft railway lawyer, waa aocclatd Ualtsd Bltlza dlciilct .attorney, whf,c1a tjtztij hivcc-'l tha zzlilaxt, and uul:r t'i3 prtten39 of cccaul'.lr.g tho Hen. CJcorge It Peck, the "Grand Council," gothiatocoaetoParsocaaad the sat Uara "pled r1 hi -.a." I shall not say how If, ?r,a r.nz; tes can tell If he desires; but I will t.y tut ha wa.1 true to hia p'oiSgc End to the Utarests of the cci- tlera, and Is entitled to a greater reward than that ho hag received at their hands, I sent our plan of organlzatlaa to New York, my native ttate, where they attempted to organize, but with little Bucceas, as they were soon swallowed up by tho Orange, but preaorved their identity, and after the (1 range movement had subsided it be gan a growth as a trada organization The agent who transacted the alliance bualneoa in New York etat I bolleve bore the name of Johnson, and rcaided in New York city. Several families who were members of thla league or Alliance went from this section during our con trovemy and settled in Texas, and a man by the name of Tanner, who lived went of thla city, la said to have orjtanized tho flrtit Alliance in Texas as a tndo org.va Ization, which waa one of the features of thla movement, and hence we hear It said that the Alll&nco originated in Texas and New York at the same time, while the facta remain that it originated in Konaaa. Milton George, publisher of the Western liural, sometime after thlj. took up the movement aa a trade organ Ization, and by paying 50 cents one could become a member of the Alliance and could get hta goodn at wholccale price. Thia AUIanco nover did take up the questions of money, tramporUtion and land, and confined Itaelf to purch&ilnj Its supplies at wholesale, and waa an opea organization, both north and south, contesting of discontented local Alliances which sprung Into existence In different parts of the country, east west, north and south; but there waa no central organ! zatlon; in other wordj, It waa without a a head, and that Ia the caa yet In some localities. In the spring of 1375 wo got our de: ctsion from the supreme court of the United States, setting aside the patents granted to the railway companies to the Osage ceded landa, end oponlng them to pre-emption settlement. 'Many of ua were very poor at this time, having spent what little we brought with us in the flsfht for theae land, and tho prica cf all property was greatly deprerod ia conse quence of th panic of 73, brought on by the contraction of the currency, and as ct sample of the prlca prevailing for property tt that time, I remember of husklnjf any corn and hauling It sixteen snllea to Parsons with my toam. of oxen, and could not sell it for tea cazli par buahel in cash, and had to get It stored until such tirao as It would iftoll, or haul it back, sad I rreforrsd the former. Ia this dlkmraa we b?jan to talk that the government og!t to giva us thla laud, or maka Ben a arn a raenta by which It would lean tie mctwy to pre-empt with. Finally the government came to our aid, and allowed us to joy (SO oa the quarter section, and gave ua one, two and throe years on the deferred payments by paying a yar and 5 per cent intereot. Thlii waa virtually a loca of tlfiO on each quarter section at 5 i,sr cent, inkiro&t, and this waa the first 5 per cent money tho pcoplo of Kansas ever borrowed, and thla ia the first instance that I now call to mind where the govern ment has over loaned its money t the people. Rut It demonatratod th practi cability of such a syetera, and in 1870 I issued a circular and set forth tho sya tota that New York had adoptod in lcaa injj its school fund to tho fanner;! upon real rctato scurity, and doruonati-ated the practicability cf such a eyitt'in fcr tho United Siatea. I selectoil one pOBtoffiea la each county of tho United Stttoa and s mt a tm cf these circulars, to be handed out by tho pootmaiter, and I had the satlcfactloa cf teeing farmers' clubs spriulctf up ia all parta of the country. Thia circular Is ths ilnt, bo far aa I am Informed, ever wrlt toa and circulated since the ccntitut!oa of tho United states waa adopted, advo cating government loans to the peoplo upca real estate security. (To N eonttnued.) A COKEOTON. To ths Ed:tor of Tua AnvocAta: In my report to tho relief committer tho amount codlkd to A. Elllngioa should havo been credited to RspuUio County Alliance, making 810 from that county, which amount wsa returned by request of president and secretary of tho county alliance. Aloo, in tho footlnr cf receipts should bo (17.11, lac!.-.d of (374.44. Plesss givo thla eiphtiatloa place in your paper of this weok. Respectfully, J. R. Fitajicii. TopeL Kaa, Feb. 19, 1801. For on improved condition of th blood and lot's cf vitillty, ttro Aycr'a Psr-saparllla. Van II. rrutlmr' Mttlm. Tho following meethtri havo len ar-' rsjigod fcr Van R. tohcr,r,V,!e lorturt-r: Wyuiwiotf euuaty, Martih 2. Leuvcaworvh cotinty, Toiyuaoxlo, Rljirc'j 4. 1 1 Atiltl.'fC'Ci cwiaty, March 0. Doro?yhan couatj, Trs)y, March a. KroriM eouuf.y, 1 lUat-ita, Efcrch 11. Kemalui twnly, fkmcA, Umh V M-WB'-U-I county, MaryxviUu, ftwa ia. . Waohtagtoa tJQsty, AfachJr.';;!.: I'&Kh l-l. Clay ecunf.y, Cfty VaxVir, 2 IUJcy county, Wamhtao, U:v.h rttwator.til coanty, JUrcU ifi. ' Jaclcaoii cix-ofjr, ITcKm, atwsh 27. Jaffcrson cvuiy, Valley I'aai, March SX J. 'Fhasox, fkz'y F. A. & I. U.