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thi; ADVOCATE. p:io?o;;;ii) raiikoad LEGirxATioif. Hoc. till No. 713 (snk,tiiaU for lfr;t.:;i.j lill No. 210) Li quite A volami roc.i end it inoriti the impartial riU K.tioa of all who are Loping for rencdhl frgfrhlicn, in thi.i Jin et tha hands of tho Booplo'is lloprwcnta tiviw Its comprehensive title in es fol lows: r An to r'i;ilita reasonable maximum charts for the transportation of freight oa the i:.7ortnt Unci of railroad la tho state of Kannait, and providing for ft state board of railroad com mlmloari with general powers of supervision over tha transporutlon lines within the Btstto, and gtvlntf to inch commissioners full power and authority to control, flx tint r 'gulate the charge and rat.'ii to be collected by nsdd road and trans jorttiloo Unci for carrying frelaht over inch roads and Unci In Kanims, and to prevent unjust and unreasonable discriminations In such charges, and providing for the selection of inch commluiloners and the manner In which they shall be choson, and prescribing thettcompMs. Hon and duties, anil maktng appropriations to eeforca thli act Section one provides that all rail road corporations or companies or gonizod under tho laws of Kansas, or doing burincf;s within tho Btato, their trustees, reccivors, lcraecs or manag ing events or cHicors, shall Jbo limited in thoir maximum charges to tho ratoa of transportation which are provided for in thin act, or lliod by tho board of railroad commissioners horoin pro vided for. Tho reads aro to be clas sified according to the respective an nual earnings of tho eaid sovoral roadd within tho stato for tho pro coding year. Clans A embracing all railroads whoso annual earnings shall bo $1,000 or moropor milo; class B shall include all railroads tho earn ings of which shall bo from !3,000 to $'1,000 lcr mile, and clans 0 all whoEO earnings shall bo lorn? than $3,000 per raile. Section two provides that it shall bo unlawful for anyone connodod with any road to charge ficccpt or re ceive a greater rata for tho transpor tation of property than providod for in this act, or than established and fixed by tho eaid comminnionors under the authority hereby conferrod upon thtm. Section threa provides that the 0ulc7 of each of the present board of cornmir.mcnors shall expire on April 1, 1891, and that the exocutive coun cil shall, before that date, eloct acom potent poroon for a member of the board, whoso office shall hold until tho sucond Monday of January, 1802. Before said dato of April 1, 1891, tho Stato Senate shall elect one mem ber end tho House of Representatives one member, their terms of oflico each to hold to the eaid second Monday in January, 1892. But at tho general election, in No vember, 1R91, the threo commieaion ers shall be elected, ono for one yoar, ono for two, and one for threo years, from the s?,:d second Monday of Jan uary, 1692, and in the November of each following year, from 1891, one ccmmii'jioner ehall bo eloctod for a torn of threo years. Tho governor shall appoint to fill any vacancy that may occur, which appointment shall hold until tho fol lowing election and qualification of his successor. The board of commis sioners shall have power to appoint and remove their secretary, end each of the board shall give a bond in tho r.Cia of $10,000, to be approved by tho executive council. No J errjn having any bondi, htock or property in any railroad company, or who is in the employment or in any way puniari ly interred i:i any railroad shall be eligible to tho ofilco of either commis sioner or secretary of tho board. Suction four fiio.i salaries, and pro vidi for neceary ofiico furniture and stationery, at tho expense of the tiato. Section five provides for a diviaion of the Btato into throe districts. The first embraces twenty-six counties in eastern Kansas, the northwestern one of which is Noaiaha, tho southwciiorn Montgomery. The second is in con trol Kansas, embracing forty counties, the w;termot of which aro Smith, Ouborne, HussoU, Barton, Stafford, Pratt and Barber; and the third dis trict is made up of tho forty counties in wcatorn Kansas west of thooo lawt mentioned. Ono commissioner shall reside in each of said districts, but shall be eloctod by tho electors of tho entire state. Sections six to 'fourteen, inclusive, provider for tho methods of tho com missioners to pursue towards the rail road or transportation companies, and the procmjon when thoro are viola tions or evasions of the law, to be pursued. Section fifteen gives the schedule of i ales and clarification of freights, which aro preoonted in comprehensive detail. Sections sixtoon and soventoon fur nish minuto constructions of the clas sifications. Section eighteen specifics the civil procedure to obtain when the ordors of the board aro violated by any com pany, corporation or association. Section nineteen explains whon and how tho board of railroad commission era shall furnish tho information as to maximum rates and classifications, end tho duties of the attorney goner al, county attorneys, sheriffs and county clerks in the prcmisoa Soction twenty defines the duties of railroad corporations in the matter of furnishing reasonable facilities for loading and reloading freight, and the power with which the commis sioners are invested in compelling the companies to comply with tho pro visions of this law. Soction twenty-one provides for an appropriation of 50,000; or bo much thoreof as shall be necessary to moot tho requirements of this act and "to pay salaries until June 1, 1893. Section twenty-two specifioo what kind of matter, in detailed facts, tho commissioners Bhall present in their biennial reports, submitted to the Legislature, and also the duty of rail road odcors to report tho business done in their departments. Section twonty-throo provides how the attorney general may have cases advanced that aro brought in any ac tion under tho provisions of this act, and the duty of the chief justice of the supreme court in coses therein named. Section twenty-four gives power to the commissioners to prescribe and fix, after notice and hearing as pro vided in this act, the compensation for switching any car, cr doing any thing relating to transportation, load ing, unloading or storage. Section twenty-five provides thit the commkiioners may employ one clerk and cue ethnographer, at a sal ary not exceeding fl,(XX) per annum. Section twenty-ait declares thtt this act, being doomed of immediate importance, shall go into effect as may bo provided. HTUriD filtiOTKY. The Capital of the 21st has the fol lowing as a port of its generoua dis play of headlines: "Mountebank Simp son. He appears before tho coinage committee and brays forth his ignor ance." One not familiar with tho Capital would suppose from the above that Jerry Simpson had boon guilty of iwmo grocs impropriety and had given uttoronco to sentimcntji that had shocked the refined intelli gence of tho American pooplo. Glanc ing down tho column of osoociatod pref.3 dispatches in order to learn what Jerry has boon saying that bo trays such gross ignorance wo find the following introduced by another of tho CapitaVs complimentary head lines: THE HOCKI.ICHM MOUNT HANK A I UK KiNOH ANCIt, Wahuinotox, February 20.-Congrenman-eloct Jerry Mlmpwm, of Kantian, representing the Farmer!' Alliance, was one of the speakers be fore the llotmo coinage committee. He sold the farmers of the country demand and would Insist on more money. lie advocated free coinage as to the means of this end; also tho subtrcasury scheme and the lnnuance of paper money as methods whereby more money could be put Into circulation. The people wanted a groat deal more money and It was the duty of the novern mont to furnish It. Mr. Hlmpson said he did not care If freo coinage did cauno silver to come to the United States. He wished It would come, and It could not como too soon, for It would give tho people more money. We would remind the Capital that a majority of the American people are tinctured with tho same kind of ignoranco as that displayed in the above paragraph. The people of tho United Statos demand the freo coin ago of silver and the issue of suffi cient currency by the government to meet tho demands of trade and re store activity and prosperity to the paralyzed industries of the country; and the braying of tho Capital and others of its ilk will not retard tho march of events that aro destined ere long to bring about those results. Man. Annic L. Dioart, who Is often unjustly confounded with Mrs. Lease, because she be lieves In some of the things that Mrs. Lease pro teoses to bollcvo, is to go to Washington and en gage in newspaper work, Mrs. Dlggs Is a woman of more tban ordinary ability and the Alliance party In Kansas will suffer very ser ious Iors la her going from Kansas. M Drndt litpuhliean. The Jicpublican is wrong, Mrs. Biggs is not abandoning Kansas. She docs not oven lose her resi dence here. She holds her position as aasociito editor of Thi Advocate, and goe3 to Washington as it3 repre sentative. She goes in order to be in closer relation to the central govern ment, and give the readers of Tnit Advocate the benefit of a closer ob servation of governmental affairs. Whenever we need her serviooa in the offioo more than we nood them in Washington she will return. Do not flatter youreelvos that the Alliance in Kansas, is to loose the valuable ser vices of Mra Biggs. CHILD LA ROtL It is vory evident that thooo mem bers of the tttcita Sonato who defeated the child labor bill have a very in adequate conception of tho evils which their action will permit to continue. It has been ascertained that in tho city of Topka alone there aro not Icfifi than fifteen hundred children cm ployed in different capacities and at merely nominal wages. Aside from the fact that the constitutions of thone children are being undermined by their long hours of service, they aro likowino kopt from school, and aro deprived of that odncation which they should receivo to qualify them for the duties and roBponsibilitloa of after lifo. It raufit also bo obsorvod that the evil, great as it is in this city, will not compare with what it is in great manufacturing contors. If our state should ever develop any of the groat manufacturing industries so im portant to her material prosperity in the future, the employment of child labor, in thono establishments, should be prohibited from tho etart The building of tho dam in this city looks to the cetablishment of important manufactories hero in the near future. This is to bo meet ardently derired; but whilo we would encourage every thing of this kind, we would not wish to soo the health and intelligence of the rising generation sacrificed to the avavice and grood of manufacturing corporations. Our Legisl ators should give this question a moro thorough and careful consideration. We ob serve among the votos that defeated this measure in the senate that of Mi. Wheeler, the recently elected Sena tor of the Thirty-eocond district We aro somewhat surprised at this. Mr. Wheeler is certainly not in lino with his party upon this question. This measure should bo reconsidered. Tm Nonconformist of the 19th insi, in an article relating to the Tur-nor-McGrath controversy has this to say of The Advocatb : "We have full filth In the honesty and earn estness of Pr. McLallln and sincerely regret that aoy circumstance should Intervene to prevent Tub Advocats from giving the full strength of Its powerful Influence on the side of personal and political Integrity In the leadership of the Al liance. While we do not intend to be drawn into any further discussion of this question, tho above statement de mands a brief notice. There is no circumstance that will "prevent The Advocate from giving its full in fluence in favor of personal and poli tical integrity in tho leadership of the Alliance." The position of The Ad vocats is simply this: The Alliance has plain and specific laws under which all needed discipline may lo administered. The execution of thoso laws is in the hands of the people, and not in ours. After publishing the letter and other facta in our pos session wo do not care to fill our space with a further discussion of tho question. Such discussion will not settle the differences that exist The matter is in the hands of the people. They alone con order a further inves tigation if they desire it If they do not desiro it at this time wo do not consider it our duty to urge it upon them. This is our position and we hope it will not be mistaken.