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The advocate. [volume] (Meriden, Kan.) 1889-1892, February 25, 1891, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029079/1891-02-25/ed-1/seq-8/

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thi; ADVOCATE.
p:io?o;;;ii) raiikoad LEGirxATioif.
Hoc. till No. 713 (snk,tiiaU for
lfr;t.:;i.j lill No. 210) Li quite A volami
roc.i end it inoriti the impartial
riU K.tioa of all who are Loping for
rencdhl frgfrhlicn, in thi.i Jin et
tha hands of tho Booplo'is lloprwcnta
tiviw Its comprehensive title in es fol
lows: r
An to r'i;ilita reasonable maximum
charts for the transportation of freight oa the
i:.7ortnt Unci of railroad la tho state of Kannait,
and providing for ft state board of railroad com
mlmloari with general powers of supervision
over tha transporutlon lines within the Btstto,
and gtvlntf to inch commissioners full power and
authority to control, flx tint r 'gulate the charge
and rat.'ii to be collected by nsdd road and trans
jorttiloo Unci for carrying frelaht over inch
roads and Unci In Kanims, and to prevent unjust
and unreasonable discriminations In such
charges, and providing for the selection of inch
commluiloners and the manner In which they
shall be choson, and prescribing thettcompMs.
Hon and duties, anil maktng appropriations to
eeforca thli act
Section one provides that all rail
road corporations or companies or
gonizod under tho laws of Kansas, or
doing burincf;s within tho Btato, their
trustees, reccivors, lcraecs or manag
ing events or cHicors, shall Jbo limited
in thoir maximum charges to tho ratoa
of transportation which are provided
for in thin act, or lliod by tho board
of railroad commissioners horoin pro
vided for. Tho reads aro to be clas
sified according to the respective an
nual earnings of tho eaid sovoral
roadd within tho stato for tho pro
coding year. Clans A embracing all
railroads whoso annual earnings shall
bo $1,000 or moropor milo; class B
shall include all railroads tho earn
ings of which shall bo from !3,000 to
$'1,000 lcr mile, and clans 0 all whoEO
earnings shall bo lorn? than $3,000 per
raile.
Section two provides that it shall
bo unlawful for anyone connodod
with any road to charge ficccpt or re
ceive a greater rata for tho transpor
tation of property than providod for
in this act, or than established and
fixed by tho eaid comminnionors under
the authority hereby conferrod upon
thtm.
Section threa provides that the
0ulc7 of each of the present board of
cornmir.mcnors shall expire on April
1, 1891, and that the exocutive coun
cil shall, before that date, eloct acom
potent poroon for a member of the
board, whoso office shall hold until
tho sucond Monday of January, 1802.
Before said dato of April 1, 1891,
tho Stato Senate shall elect one mem
ber end tho House of Representatives
one member, their terms of oflico each
to hold to the eaid second Monday in
January, 1892.
But at tho general election, in No
vember, 1R91, the threo commieaion
ers shall be elected, ono for one yoar,
ono for two, and one for threo years,
from the s?,:d second Monday of Jan
uary, 1692, and in the November of
each following year, from 1891, one
ccmmii'jioner ehall bo eloctod for a
torn of threo years.
Tho governor shall appoint to fill
any vacancy that may occur, which
appointment shall hold until tho fol
lowing election and qualification of
his successor. The board of commis
sioners shall have power to appoint
and remove their secretary, end each
of the board shall give a bond in tho
r.Cia of $10,000, to be approved by tho
executive council. No J errjn having
any bondi, htock or property in any
railroad company, or who is in the
employment or in any way puniari
ly interred i:i any railroad shall be
eligible to tho ofilco of either commis
sioner or secretary of tho board.
Suction four fiio.i salaries, and pro
vidi for neceary ofiico furniture
and stationery, at tho expense of the
tiato.
Section five provides for a diviaion
of the Btato into throe districts. The
first embraces twenty-six counties in
eastern Kansas, the northwestern one
of which is Noaiaha, tho southwciiorn
Montgomery. The second is in con
trol Kansas, embracing forty counties,
the w;termot of which aro Smith,
Ouborne, HussoU, Barton, Stafford,
Pratt and Barber; and the third dis
trict is made up of tho forty counties
in wcatorn Kansas west of thooo lawt
mentioned. Ono commissioner shall
reside in each of said districts, but
shall be eloctod by tho electors of tho
entire state.
Sections six to 'fourteen, inclusive,
provider for tho methods of tho com
missioners to pursue towards the rail
road or transportation companies, and
the procmjon when thoro are viola
tions or evasions of the law, to be
pursued.
Section fifteen gives the schedule
of i ales and clarification of freights,
which aro preoonted in comprehensive
detail.
Sections sixtoon and soventoon fur
nish minuto constructions of the clas
sifications. Section eighteen specifics the civil
procedure to obtain when the ordors
of the board aro violated by any com
pany, corporation or association.
Section nineteen explains whon and
how tho board of railroad commission
era shall furnish tho information as to
maximum rates and classifications,
end tho duties of the attorney goner
al, county attorneys, sheriffs and
county clerks in the prcmisoa
Soction twenty defines the duties of
railroad corporations in the matter of
furnishing reasonable facilities for
loading and reloading freight, and
the power with which the commis
sioners are invested in compelling the
companies to comply with tho pro
visions of this law.
Soction twenty-one provides for an
appropriation of 50,000; or bo much
thoreof as shall be necessary to moot
tho requirements of this act and "to
pay salaries until June 1, 1893.
Section twenty-two specifioo what
kind of matter, in detailed facts, tho
commissioners Bhall present in their
biennial reports, submitted to the
Legislature, and also the duty of rail
road odcors to report tho business
done in their departments.
Section twonty-throo provides how
the attorney general may have cases
advanced that aro brought in any ac
tion under tho provisions of this act,
and the duty of the chief justice of
the supreme court in coses therein
named.
Section twenty-four gives power to
the commissioners to prescribe and
fix, after notice and hearing as pro
vided in this act, the compensation
for switching any car, cr doing any
thing relating to transportation, load
ing, unloading or storage.
Section twenty-five provides thit
the commkiioners may employ one
clerk and cue ethnographer, at a sal
ary not exceeding fl,(XX) per annum.
Section twenty-ait declares thtt
this act, being doomed of immediate
importance, shall go into effect as may
bo provided.
HTUriD filtiOTKY.
The Capital of the 21st has the fol
lowing as a port of its generoua dis
play of headlines: "Mountebank Simp
son. He appears before tho coinage
committee and brays forth his ignor
ance." One not familiar with tho
Capital would suppose from the
above that Jerry Simpson had boon
guilty of iwmo grocs impropriety and
had given uttoronco to sentimcntji
that had shocked the refined intelli
gence of tho American pooplo. Glanc
ing down tho column of osoociatod
pref.3 dispatches in order to learn
what Jerry has boon saying that bo
trays such gross ignorance wo find
the following introduced by another
of tho CapitaVs complimentary head
lines: THE HOCKI.ICHM MOUNT HANK A I UK KiNOH
ANCIt, Wahuinotox, February 20.-Congrenman-eloct
Jerry Mlmpwm, of Kantian, representing the
Farmer!' Alliance, was one of the speakers be
fore the llotmo coinage committee. He sold the
farmers of the country demand and would Insist
on more money. lie advocated free coinage as
to the means of this end; also tho subtrcasury
scheme and the lnnuance of paper money as
methods whereby more money could be put Into
circulation. The people wanted a groat deal
more money and It was the duty of the novern
mont to furnish It. Mr. Hlmpson said he did not
care If freo coinage did cauno silver to come to
the United States. He wished It would come,
and It could not como too soon, for It would give
tho people more money.
We would remind the Capital that
a majority of the American people
are tinctured with tho same kind of
ignoranco as that displayed in the
above paragraph. The people of tho
United Statos demand the freo coin
ago of silver and the issue of suffi
cient currency by the government to
meet tho demands of trade and re
store activity and prosperity to the
paralyzed industries of the country;
and the braying of tho Capital and
others of its ilk will not retard tho
march of events that aro destined ere
long to bring about those results.
Man. Annic L. Dioart, who Is often unjustly
confounded with Mrs. Lease, because she be
lieves In some of the things that Mrs. Lease pro
teoses to bollcvo, is to go to Washington and en
gage in newspaper work, Mrs. Dlggs Is a
woman of more tban ordinary ability and the
Alliance party In Kansas will suffer very ser
ious Iors la her going from Kansas. M Drndt
litpuhliean.
The Jicpublican is wrong, Mrs.
Biggs is not abandoning Kansas.
She docs not oven lose her resi
dence here. She holds her position
as aasociito editor of Thi Advocate,
and goe3 to Washington as it3 repre
sentative. She goes in order to be in
closer relation to the central govern
ment, and give the readers of Tnit
Advocate the benefit of a closer ob
servation of governmental affairs.
Whenever we need her serviooa in the
offioo more than we nood them in
Washington she will return. Do not
flatter youreelvos that the Alliance in
Kansas, is to loose the valuable ser
vices of Mra Biggs.
CHILD LA ROtL
It is vory evident that thooo mem
bers of the tttcita Sonato who defeated
the child labor bill have a very in
adequate conception of tho evils which
their action will permit to continue.
It has been ascertained that in tho
city of Topka alone there aro not
Icfifi than fifteen hundred children cm
ployed in different capacities and
at merely nominal wages. Aside
from the fact that the constitutions of
thone children are being undermined
by their long hours of service, they
aro likowino kopt from school, and aro
deprived of that odncation which
they should receivo to qualify them
for the duties and roBponsibilitloa of
after lifo. It raufit also bo obsorvod
that the evil, great as it is in this city,
will not compare with what it is in
great manufacturing contors. If our
state should ever develop any of the
groat manufacturing industries so im
portant to her material prosperity in
the future, the employment of child
labor, in thono establishments, should
be prohibited from tho etart The
building of tho dam in this city looks
to the cetablishment of important
manufactories hero in the near future.
This is to bo meet ardently derired;
but whilo we would encourage every
thing of this kind, we would not wish
to soo the health and intelligence of
the rising generation sacrificed to the
avavice and grood of manufacturing
corporations. Our Legisl ators should
give this question a moro thorough
and careful consideration. We ob
serve among the votos that defeated
this measure in the senate that of Mi.
Wheeler, the recently elected Sena
tor of the Thirty-eocond district We
aro somewhat surprised at this. Mr.
Wheeler is certainly not in lino with
his party upon this question. This
measure should bo reconsidered.
Tm Nonconformist of the 19th
insi, in an article relating to the Tur-nor-McGrath
controversy has this to
say of The Advocatb :
"We have full filth In the honesty and earn
estness of Pr. McLallln and sincerely regret that
aoy circumstance should Intervene to prevent
Tub Advocats from giving the full strength of
Its powerful Influence on the side of personal and
political Integrity In the leadership of the Al
liance. While we do not intend to be drawn
into any further discussion of this
question, tho above statement de
mands a brief notice. There is no
circumstance that will "prevent The
Advocate from giving its full in
fluence in favor of personal and poli
tical integrity in tho leadership of the
Alliance." The position of The Ad
vocats is simply this: The Alliance
has plain and specific laws under
which all needed discipline may lo
administered. The execution of thoso
laws is in the hands of the people,
and not in ours. After publishing
the letter and other facta in our pos
session wo do not care to fill our
space with a further discussion of tho
question. Such discussion will not
settle the differences that exist The
matter is in the hands of the people.
They alone con order a further inves
tigation if they desire it If they do
not desiro it at this time wo do not
consider it our duty to urge it upon
them. This is our position and we
hope it will not be mistaken.

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