OCR Interpretation


The advocate. [volume] (Meriden, Kan.) 1889-1892, March 04, 1891, Image 2

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029079/1891-03-04/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

2
THE ADVOCATE.
wrb nee ohall !ctat,o, without making it
possible for tho money kings to control It.
Ia 1.W2 I puMhilx'd In the Mound Val
ley lltraU, undor tho caption "Kur.mia
and America," tho following article,
which will ho observed embraces all the
features of tho sub-treasury bill, a menj
ure which has) become famou.i (in a uub
ject demanding Congressional lobulation:
According to a letter of recent date from
our oor.Hul at Husnia, one of tho demands of
tho nihilists in tho loan of money from their
4,'overuitiont on tlioir grain. It in claimed
that their money loaners charge thorn, not
only exorbitant ratcM of iutoreht, but as
oooo an tho crop In thrashed, thy demand
payment and force tho peasant to sell his
Brain at much Ics than It costs to produce
it. To prevent this Injustice to tlio farmer,
the nihilists want tho government to con
struct warehouses and receive tho grain,
and loan thorn rubied to tho amount of HO
per cont. of its valuo, and then when tho
crop lit eold tho government shrill reimburse
ltiielf for Intercut and stornge, and tho bal
ance of the procood of tho salo goon to tho
peasant.
This would not bo a bad system for tho
farmer of the United States. Supposo tho
government would construct a warohouao in
each county at a central location, or in the
cities for that matter, and would receive tho
grain of tho fanners at the warohouio or at
tho nearest railroad etation and advanoo
thorn loans to tho extent of 80 por cont of
tho market valuo. This would enable the
farmer to hold his grain, and when the
grain shall have boon sold at pricos to jun
to fy production, then lot tho government re
imburse itaolf for transportation, ntorago
and intorcst on the loan of money upon the
grain at a low rato, and the balance remain'
ing of the proceed of the nale, be retumod
to the farmer producing tho grain.
This system would enable tho farmor to
hold his crops until tho market would" justi
fy a rale with fair remuneration to labor;
and while the government is assisting near
ly all other branches of our industrial Bys
tom, why not assist tho farmers, who consti
tute an industry employing tuoro labor than
all the other induntricn combined.
Thla article, with oome modifications,
waa published In United Lalor of 1887
in No. 21 of tho series on file In theofllco
of the historical society at Topeka, Kan-
B3-8.
(To le continued.)
Addrcfld L. L. Polk, president of the
National Farmers' Alliance and Indus
trial Union, at 311 1) street, Washington,
I). C. (Reform papers pleaBe copy.)
Not !!.
C. O. Fee, organizer for the National
Citizens' Alliance for Kansas, Nebraska
and Missouri, will answer all calls for
services of organizer promptly. Addreos
Leavenworth, Kan.
The National Economist Hand-Book
of Tacts for 1S91 is now about ready
for delivery. This book is published
by The National Economist, the na
tional organ, of Washington, D. C,
and it should be in the bauds of every
true reformer. This is the same publi
cation cs The National Economist Al
manac, which bad such a great sale
last year. Every one seeing this notice
should make application at once for the
number of books they want The price
is 15 cents single copy, or two for 25
cents. This book will be of the great
est interest to the Order, as It has been
carefully compiled, ttnd contains infor
mation on all points that effect the
prosperity of the farming and laboring
classes. The publishers of this book
authorize us to eay that they will re
ceive orders from the eub-secrttarlea
and ship the books, and they can remit
after distributing them to the purchas
ers, but when conveuicntscud as much
noncy with the order as possible. This
bock contains the proceedings of the
Ocala meeting, and every member
f IjciUd Lave a copy.
KANSAS UXISLATI KK.
Wednesday, February 1H. The Senate
attempted to act upon Houao concur
rent resolution No. 10, the text of which
la an follows:
Itcnolved by thellousoof Representatives,
tho KoMato concurring therein, That our
Senators and Representatives in Congrats
be requested to speedily Introduce a bill to
abolluh tho national banking act, or that
part thereof which compellod national
banks to purchase United States bonds, and
request that our members In both tho upper
and lower Houho of Congress use all honor
able meaua to Bocuro the passage of the
Ham, and that tho chief clerk of the Houne
bo (attracted to Bend a copy of this rosolu
tlon to each of our members in congress.
Senator Moody moved that the Senate
non concur In the resolution, upon which
the vote was yeas i:i, nays 15.
Senators voting In favor of the motion
to non concur were: MenBrfl. Eentley,
Uuchan, Emery, Forney, Kelley of Mc
pherson, Martin, Moody, Osborn, Iloe,
Schilling, Tucker, Wlhwn and Wright.
Senators voting in the negative were:
MeBBro. Ikrry, Carroll of Miami, Ilark
ne8, NayB, Kelley of Crawford, King,
Mechem, Murdock, Norton, Hankln,
Huah, Senior, Bmith, Wheeler and Wood
ward. Benator Kelley, of Crawford, then
moved that the Senate concur, upon
which the vote Htood as follows: Yeas 10;
nays 10.
Senators voting In favor of concurring
In tho resolution were: Messrs. Berry,
Carroll of Leavenworth, Carroll of Miami,
Forney, Ilarknotis, Howard, Kelley of
Crawford, King, Mechem, Norton, Kan
kin, Kuah, Senior, Smitb, Wheeler and
Woodward.
Senators voting In the negative were:
Messrs. Hentley, Buchan, Elliaton, Emery,
Glllett, Hays, Kelley of McPhereon,
Lockard, Long, Martin, Moody, Oehorn,
Koo, Schilling, Tucker, Wllaon ; and
Wright.
Senators absent or not voting were:
Messrs. Johnson, Klmbnll, MoTaggart,
Mohler, Murdock and Klchter.
The motion was lost
Senate concurrent resolution No. 22
was read and adopted:
Whereas, Tho publio domain which is tit
for agricultural purpones is faat disappear
ipj, and
Whereas, Wo have millions of acres of
publio landknown as arid and Bomi-arid
lands, that can bo made into good farming
lands by boing irrigated; and
Whereas, There now exists a wide and
spreading demand in the publio mind that
tome action be gpeodily taken to the end
that publio opinion bo organized on the
irrigation question in all the states and ter
ritories interested in the name; and
Wheroas, Kaunas is largely interested in
securing an adequate Byntom of irrigation
for tho wootora portion of the state; there
fore ReHolved by tho Senate, the Houne con
curring theroin, That K annua initiates tho
movement for publio expronbion of what is
nooded to eeoure such action by the federal
government as will at an early day Bocuro
a proper pystem of irrigating what is known
as "arid landn" in this western country; and
that the Governor of Kaunas is hereby re
quested to call a mans convention In the solo
intoreat of irrigation, and that he invito the
several neighboring states and territories
interested therein, to Bond delegates to such
oonventlon, and to participate in its delib
erations, tho time and place for holding
such convention to be on the 27th day of
April, 1801, in the city of Topeka.
Resolved, That the etate printer bo
authorized to print the proceedings in
pamphlet form for distribution, at a cost
not to exceed three hundred dollars.
Thursday, February 10.The House
committee on mines and mining, through
Its chairman, Mr. P. H. Dolan, submitted
the following report concerning coal
rlghtu nt Lansing, near th Htate peni
tentiary: Firwt Wo find from tho tentiinony thnt
the coal from uuJor somo of the land in
dispute hnn been removed, and that in other
places wo find that a royalty hnn boeu paid,
where, in our opbiou, it was not really
necoaitary.
flooond We tlnd that the utate haa 'A'Mi
acres of ooal land in fee bimplo, and has the
coal rights under Cwt aros ad JItional, mak
ing a total of 1,0:!U acrw; 115 acres have
been mined, leaving 8K7 aoroa of coal landu
yot unmined, not including tho ooal undor
the river bottom, and we are of tho opinion
that that is all that tho utate really needs for
tho pronont, or for many years to come.
Third Tho tentimouy of Mr. Lamm, the
mine Huperintendent, showing that ho
mines from twenty to twenty-live aores per
year, and even if the mine was crowded to
its fullent capac!ty, the coal could not be
mined from under more than thirty acres.
Fourth It is probable from somo of tho
tontimony taken before your committee
that it wan neceitHary at a previous time to
mine under lands not belonging to the Btato,
and for which a royalty had to be paid, in
order to make a oonnoction with other lands
belonging to tho state; and from tho maps
and profiles furninhod us, and from tho ex
port tontimony given, we are of tho opinion
that it is not noeonnary for tho further min
ing of coal under the landa not owned by
tho state.
Fifth Concerning tho bill which has
been introduced asking for an appropriation
to pay cetrain parties a cortain amount por
buHhol for coal, wo And that it would be bet
ter for the Btato to make such purchaao, for
the roonon that it would give thorn freo ac
cens to land proviounly purchased by the
state; but we prefer to leave this matter to
the judgment of the Houho. If such ooal
could be purchanod with tho proviso that
one third of the money be paid down, one
third in two years, and the balanco in four
years from the date of Buoh purohaao, it
would be a matter that we think you should
thoroughly oonmdor.
Sixth So far as buying any land on the
river front is concerned, either for farm or
mining purpoHea, wo are opposed to it, for
the reason that the state now has at loast
ono-half mile of river front, and it will take
thorn at lomit twenty-five years to roach
that locality.
Seventh We find concerning tho output
of the mine at the penitentiary, that it does
oontliot with not only the local mines at
Leavenworth, but with those in other parts
of the state.
Eighth In addition, we herewith submit
the report of tho four experts who were em
powered to invoHtigato the condition of said
mine and make such recommendations as
they Baw fit. I'. II. Doiaw,
Chairman Committee on Minos and Mining.
HirouT OK XXI'EItm
To P. II. Dohin, ehairman of the Home com-
mltteeonmlnc and mlninQ of the ItgUhtture
of the ttati of ivaniNM, yir wt:
Your sub-committco of exports appointed
to accompany your honorable committee to
Leavenworth to make certain investigations
concerning the workings, management and
condition of the state mines at that place,
bog leave to mako tho following report and
recommendations:
As to the mechanical arrangements of the
shaft, we have been able in the short time
permitted to visit and inspect only a portion
of the penitentiary minos; that portion we
find in first class condition. We find ample
opening in the ooal now owned and leased
by the state to employ from two hundred
and fifty to five hundred mon for 'years to
come. We find that there are three veins of
coal beneath the one now in operation, of
greater thickness, which would give one
hundrod year's work at the present output
of the mine.
We therefore recommend that no appro
priations be granted, neither for the pur
chase of more coal territory, nor for tho
purchase of cables or eleotrvo motors, or any
improved eystem of machinery of under
ground haulage, or light to aut in increas
ing of the production of coaL There ia an
ample surplus of labor employed to do all
tho neocanary work of hauling, and labor at
forty-three cents per day is cheaper than
tho wear and Mitorent on tho oust of addi
tional machinery. Wo Hud tho machinery
fur Hrrooungo and donning of coal in excr-tm
of anything we know in that rinttrict. Tho
coal is prepared with so much expenditure
of maohinory and labor that it bnoomes
superior and moro vtduaMe in the market
fully twenty-five rents por ton.
There is at preiieot practically no nyntom
of accounting for all tho ooal mined. We
recommend that a scale bo put on tho top of
the mine. Every box of coal hointod should
bo weighed according to such scale, and
what is culled a weigh scale nhould bo kept,
giving each convict miner a number, and
showing tho accurate amount of ooal mined
by him. This quantity should tally daily,
weekly, monthly and yearly with tho
amount of ooal sold and used in tho peni
tentiary. These weigh shoots should be in
the pounce nion of th superintendent to form
a check agaimit any watde or Ioms of coal.
As to tho rout and distribution of the coal,
wo find that from (he evidence of practical
mon adduced at tho investigation that tho
product of convict labor at the present con
tract system is forced upon the market in
dirtastorous competition to freo labor and
freo bunincHH, aud fihould be abolished. Wo
aro satinfied that tho mine owners in Leaven
worth are dumsged, and aluo tho coal
minors, on account of tho coal boing sold
by contract at a less prico than what it would
be produced by freo labor, and that the Btato
is losing money by tho transaction. If a
check weighman was appointed at each coal
shaft, and the minors woro paid for all the
ooal they mino, and tho present mino own
ers had to compete witn the penitentiary at
the prosont prioo, it would close every mine
in tho city of Leavenworth.
The parties who euffor mont by tho pres
ent mannor in which tho state coal is sold
are the coal minors. Thoy are paid four
cents por bushel for mining, but thoy only
receive this amount for what pannes over tho
soroens, and oh 25 por cont. passes through
tho Bcroons, thoir prico is roduood to throe
cents per bushel, bo that a coal miner has to
dig fifty bushels por day to mako $1.50.
Sooing that they only average threo days In
a wook, acoording to present arrangements,
if a coal miner wants to be well cared for
and have a comfortable home, he must com
mit Bomo act against the law for which he
will be Bont to the penitentiary.
It is true that the Btato of Kansas has a
very ood property in tho state coal mine,
too valuable in fact to be cast aside, and wo
boliovo men who commit crime and are
sent to the penitentiary ought to be com
pelled to work. We mako the following
suggestions, which would provido tho con
victs with work, keep them from competing
with the ooal minors of the state, and would
distribute the benefits of the Btato mine
throughout the state: Lot all tho state in
rtitutions bo Buppliod with coal, let every
court house in this state bo supplied with
coal, and also the country school housos;
then lot tho balance, if any, bo divided in
equal proportions by taxation or population
in ovory county in tho state and supplied at
cost prico for distribution by the county
commissioners to the poor people in such
county.
If the above in your judgment is not ad
visable, we recommend that at the expira
tion of tho prosont contract, the state by
law empowers and authorizes the superin
tendent to Boll the surplus coal, after sup
plying the Btato institutions, at not loss than
the coBt of same computed on the following,
basis: First, the managoment shall be
charged with each and every buBhel of ooal
mined by the convicts, at tho flame prico as
is paid per bushel to the froo minors in the
Leavenworth district. Second, the manage
ment shall be charged with all the dead
work, yardage and day work, to be estimat
ed by the superintendent, at prices to equal
prioos paid freo miners for like work in
that district. Tliird, to tho abovo should be
added the coot of all matorial usod in the
operation of the shaft. Fourth, interest on
the investment, cost of the shaft and 6 per
cent, on f 150,000. Fifth, 2 per cent, of tho
coot of the fihaet as a sink tag fund. Sixth,
a royalty of not lens titan two mills per
pushel for all coal mined, computing the
coat of the ooal as above mentioned. The
superintendent shall sell the coal at not lees

xml | txt