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JL, irrf ST i ?! N. R. jp.a."ZI i'ullIiiliiHl Kvery Wednesday ty the ADVOCATE PUCLISHiriG CO. 0. MfLAi.Mff. President. J. 1. l.iMitiiijitNim, Hub. M.inn;1 V. T. mioww, fwy i reasuror, n. woLAi.UN, junior. Eole roprfutars J. 0. 1IKHHAKU, TKItllM Off BURHCMITION One Copy Oae Year tl.00 Twrlve cobles out) year , tiO.OO UluLs ol A wenty copies or over Vw eacii. Advertising lUtr-a. Dl.iplay Matter, 20 cents per line, Agato meas- transit (M lines to inn Hu rt) Rending Noticed, 4U cents per line. Addreria all communications to the ADVOCATE PUCUSHJK3 CO. .. Topika Kansif . TOPKKA, KAN8AB, MARCH 4, 1891. (T2&terl ah ecoond ol turn matter la tk i'oet (Kilco at Topeka, Kftnuoii.) aruciAii cluh war. Ti Advocats A National Economist, .$1.00 " Chicago lLiprft 1.75 " " Dexter Free lYons 1.75 11 ' Nonoonformlut 1.75 " K annas Commoner,... 1.75 " " Toiler 1M ' " Kannas Farmer 1.75 " " Weekly Nationality, ...1.G0 " " Our Own Opinion 1.50 LOOK On your paper, and i! "Mar" is on it your subscription expiros this month. Bend ua a dollar at onco, as you can not afford to mios a number. The name of evory subscriber ia dropped promptly on tho expiration of the timo for which ho has paid. COL TOMUNNON'H OIHTBKNR. It ia extremely Bad. Ilia lamcnta tiona sound like tho wail of a lost soul. His heart ia brokon. The rep resentatives of tho pooplo consider other questions of moro importance to thoir constituents than resubmis sion. They do not believe that tho absence of the saloon ia the cause of all the linancial depression, tho de preciation in values and the businoss disautars that afilict the country. Thoir constituenta will agree with them upon thin question. , It ia tiro some, very tirosomo indeed to Boe the whiskey question conatantly puahod to the front in Kansas, and at such a time an this. When conservative banks end buainoaa houses are failing ovory day, and when the homes oflhe people are boing absorbed by mort gage syndicates, when tho citizens of a largo part of the state are oven now appealing to tho charitabb for food and for flood, when thousands of honest, industrious and eobor labor ing mon in every city and town in tho state are vainly asking for work, where no work is to bo found, thin overlasting cry of resubmission as a panacea for all our ills ia not only sickening, but it ia an absolute insult to tho intelligence of tho people who so .well understand the causes that have been instrumental in bringing those conditions upon tho country. Tho mind that can grasp no imbjoct superior to the whiskey question and cam champion no higher cause than that of tho saloon ia poorly equipped for a teacher of tho people and a leader of public sentiment in a state ih&tis the acknowledged pioneer id tho odvancod civilization of the ego. TUB WHIG AND liXTUItUCAN fiPKAKIKH OV THE NATIONAL HOIHIC OF RKpIHt KICNTATIVIH. During the oxi.iknce of tho Whig party of this nation, John Belief Tcnawu'-e, John White of Kentucky, and Kobert 0. Winthrop of Manaa- chufiiclb, wore speakers of tho House, elected by tho Whigs, and they held odco unitedly for tho tnrm of five yoara or a little lean, llr. Boll waa elected Speaker daring the adminiu tratioa of Prooidont Jackrwn; Mr. White waa Speaker during tho first one-half of the Tyler administration, and Mr. Winthrop ended his one term when IVcflident Taylor waa inaagur atod. The Wliig control of thellouae cndeil on March 4, 1819, and tho na tional atlminwtration of Taylor and Fillmore, from lP19to 181.'l, inclaoive, waa ill-fated and quite ill-ntarred. The Republicans have had speakers of th House , for twenty-two years; Nathaniel V. Banks of Maraiachuaottn, whofie one term ended on March 4, 1851), when Jamca Buchanan waa in auguratod prewident The one term of William Itemington of New Jersey ended on March 4, 18Tlf when Abra ham Lincoln .became president lie was followed by Oalusha A. Grow of Pennsylvania, for two years; Schuyler Colfax of Indiana, six years, and James O. Blaine of Maine, six years, those continuoua fourteen years of Republican Bpoakersondingon March 4, 1875. Since then Joseph Warren Keifer of Ohio has had one torm, which ended on March 4, 18&', and Thomas B. Reed of Maine, enda hia one torm on March 4, 1891. History givoa us Winthrop, the l&3t Whig Speaicr, Fillmore the last Whig president, both ending thoir careers aa Democrats. Rood, the last Republican Speaker; Benjamin Harri- Bon the last Republican president In 1853 whon Millard Fillmore re tired from the presidency and the Whig party was virtually ended, there wore sixtcon free atatea, to wit: California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indi ana, Iowa, Maine, Maosachusetta, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jer eoy, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wiscon sin. Theao states now have 18G Rep resentatives in Congress. Tho Harri son administration haa 128 Represen tatives, which givoa them 70 majority. In the Fifty-eocond congreea this ad ministration will have 70 Represen tatives, placing them in a minority of 4G a loss of 116 in 16 states in two years. If tha threo states of Kansas, Minnesota and Nebraska bo included, the showing would be an administra tion majority of 85 in the Fifty-first Congrccs; in the Fifty-socond Con greea the administration is in a mi nority of 55, thus showing in 201 Representatives an administration to of 1101 Hon. Thcjasa Brackott Reed, in his hia rulmg3 aa Speaker of tho House, haa reversed the precedents of 100 years, and ' the following preambles and resolutions offered by Hon. SeoU Wike, of the Twelfth Illinois district cn the ilflrd of February 1891, epcak for themselves: "Whereas, The frequent t&Islflc&Uous of the Journal ol the proceeding of the House of Rejv rt!in:itUtlvc of ill I'lfly llrt Cmmtvun ly the ar bltrary uctlon of tlni HiH-akvr, und notably ly lit uawurranUI)!' action on Iha 'Mi il;'.y of Frt ruary, liiiiUnt, In the matter of Itio count of Mcniira. Turnir of (Jt(orKl;i, Ch'riK-nU, Cilij), i:Lnicl,ard, Wilson of Mlmiourl, Wliltdwud, flililjif., deary, Oaf ami otlmrs, mntt;i u of te I lorn, aa pn-mmt aiul not voting, for Vui purpose of making tle rtx-ord uhow an Apparent (piorurn to do IuIi)-h, when, In f.ict, there wan not a iiorum Hi rr quired by the constitution of the United HUton, and when, In fact, aue.li mem lirri were not present, nor within ttie hall of the House at the time; and Whcrea, In that connection the arbitrary and tyrankal action of the prenlIln oflleer of tlie House and his political aniockites on the floor on th 'iut day of the Name month In refusing to al low or entertiiln a motion for the purpose of cor rw:tlnj the falsification no made In tha Journal of the proceedings of the prevlom day to as to make It conform to the facts In tho premise! as they were clearly established and made to appear ; and Whereas, These arbitrary, unlawful and un constitutional acta were done In pursuance of a plan concocted by the leader of a party Jimt overthrown by an overwhelming majority of the people at the polls, and In the cloning hours of their power, to Install for life Into new federal Judicial ofllces then and there being created for that purpose a number of the repudiated and de fcat4Hl candidate! of the party at that election, In defiance of and against tho will of a lare ma jority of the voter! of the country north and south ai well aa eaxt and west-all of these un lawful and unworthy ofllclal acta make It ap parent and patent that the Injury threatened to the liberties of the peoplo and to constitutional free government by the arbitrary and unlawful action of the chair may become calamitous and Irreparable, and Inasmuch a! there seems to be no compulsory restraining power In existence ex cept through the action of the majority in the re spective bodies, which are usually In political sympathy with auch presiding oflleer; therefore belt Kosolved, That tho committee on the Judiciary be and they are hereby Instructed to report to the House forthwith a Joint resolution for the action of Congress, submitting for ratification an amendment to the constitution, pro viding a plan for the Impeachment and removal from ofllce, with suitable penalties, or for tho trial, either upon Indictment or Information In the court! of the dlutrlctof Columbia or the supreme court of the United tftateo, of the gpenker or presiding ofllccroftho House of Representative! or the president or presiding oflleer of the donate who shall wilfully falsify or falsely make up, alter or change or cause or permit the same to be done by tho clerk, of the body over which the party offending may preside, or by any other person, the Journal of Its proceedings, either by counting and cntortng therein as present, or causing tho siino to be done, the name or namei of any member or member! who shall not In fact be present at tho time for tho purpose of making a luorum or otherwise, or by any other means or for any other purposo whatsoever. The said amendment to tho constitution shall provide that such offense shall be a high crime and misde meanor, with such penalties by fine and Impris onment, removal from ofllce and disqualification for holding ofllce, aa said committee shall deem commensurate with the character of the offense or crime Indicated, Representative Wike waa moved to sot forth in due oflicial form a moiety of the parliamentary (!) outrages that have beon deliberately perpetrated by this lajt speaker in the national nouao of Reprosentativea of . thia "going out old party" who may have a name to live, while itself ia dead. With the administration of Bonjamin Harrison half gone, and the speaker race of Thomas Rood entirely com pleted, were it any reason that the plain, common people in tho old free states of thia groat American nation should have so sternely robukod these political Bharasoes whoso real god is plutocracy, and who might well de clare this resolution: Resolved, That la view of the necessity for battUnfffor the first principles of Republican Kownment as bequeathed by the fathers, and against the organized schemes of a moneyed Aristocracy, the most desolating and oppres sive with which the earth was ever cursed or man debased, will cn-nptrnte and be known as mi sectional Americans until the contest be terminated In the undying success of the princi ples of an abiding distributive Justice. We may remombor Abraham Lin- coln in hi uilminiHtration of affaira an a President who sought tho highest good of tho nation in the interest of justice and righteoui'inesa, and we can not forgot thono solemn uttorancea of President Thomas Jc Hereon: Can the liberties of a nation lie ever thought secure when we have removed their only firm bases, a conviction In the mind. of the peoplo that their liberties are the gift of Cod? That they are not to bo violated but with His wrath? Indeed I tremble for my country whon I reflect that (iod Is Just; that his Justice can not sleep forever! Hpoakor Reed with hia tyrannies havo gone. Tho old sixteen "free states" from Maine to Iowa, in tho going out days of tho Whig party, which antodatod the present Republican party, and which forty years ago was managod by tho slavery propaganda, even as ia tho Republican party of thia day by the organized corporato monopolists in the old and in the now world, have thrown off the oppresnivo party shackles in 1H!K) and 1891, even as they did a generation ago. Tlicne sixteen states, with tho lator children of freedom Minnesota, Kan sas and Nebraska havo 201 Repre sentatives in Congress, and the Re publicans having 71 per cent, of them in this Fifty-first Congross, will havo 36 por cont in tho Fifty-second Congress. Was over a national ad ministration in two short yearn more thoroughly repudiated by any ono people? IT IS VERY VATIUUINO. Tho Alliance people are not the only ones that cause a feeling of weariness. Tho other ex treme is holding them level. This eternal cant about "capital being timid," and about "driving capital from the state," almost forces one to the feeling that tho Alliance men and tho men called anarchists have some Justice on their side. Must everybody be taxed and regulated by law, but tho capitalist bo allowed to go free, and to do as ho pleases? We hear an almost Incessant squall about driving capital out of the state, but not a word of driving out the bone and sinew. If a law Is proposed regulating Interest on money, and preventing robbery In the shape of usury, tho cry goes up that It will drive capital out of tho state. If a measure Is suggested giv ing an unfortunate man a little time In which to save hi property after tho mortgage Is foreclosed, wo hear tho the same tune about driving out capital. If a law Is recommended taxing mortgages, a shriek goes up that splits the welkin wide open, about driving capital out of the Btato. The farmer's land, the mechanic's house and lot, the merchant's goods, may be taxed all they will bear, and we hear nothing about driving thorn out; but propose to compel the hog with money to to bear his share of the public burdens, and it will drive out capital. A farmer's land Is taxed tho same whether It Is mortgaged or clear of Incumbrance. The law requires that money shall be taxed, but money can be hidden and laud cannot. Rut let that capitalist loan that farmer f.'.ouo, at 8 to 13 per cent. Interest his money Is In shape whero It Is Ins'ght. The land is still there and la taxed; but when It Is proposed to tax the t2,0(X), then the howl comes that It will drive capital out of the state; It will compel tho borrower to pay higher Interest; It Is taxing the same amount double. How Is It? The land Is still taxed, the same as It was before, and the farmer has to pay It. What becomes of the money? It Is In vested In a mortgage on the land, and the farmer, besides his taxes, Is paying 10 per cent. Interest on the money. If the money Is In the land, then the farmer Is paying more than double tax upon It-he Is paying on the land and three times as much more on the money, In the way of Interest. No fear of running him out, but you must not run capital out ol the state by taxing It. Troy Chief. After roadiog the above we are pre pared to forgive Sol. Miller for all his past sins. We will square his ac count and begin anew. We take groat pleasure in commending this brief epistle to the scribes, Pharisees and others of the Republican party. It contains solid food for reflection.