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AJDVOOilTIU OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. RATIONAL FAltSl ftRS ALLIAIIC" AND INDXJHTitlAL UNIOIf, TV, J !mt I. f Polk, Wiuif.lwton, 1). 0, vi tt-rrMliIt)rit....l. m.Ciovit, ;miiriij(r,, Kan Mocn tn.ry J. If. Turner, WanhUiiston, I. (', Lcctun r J. K. WWUtji, MoLouitt, Km KANSAS FAKM Kits' ALLIAWC25 AND INDUMTItlAL UNION. lroMttTnt , ..I'rank Mrflrallt, Ilnlolt. Vkw-rrrwlrtmit Mri, K.K. Vl'-Jitvry, Km porta. HT(tary I. H Fneni-n, Topka. Tmiurr A. (J. KiulrT, llurllrutame lym-tarwr Van H. rrattior, (''Viimmiii, Aiii)lnUtiit UicUitvr H, M Kcott, Mcriierton CITIZENS' ALMA NCI? Off KANSAS. Tw.niU:nt I). 0. Zurdwr. Otathri. Kan Vino rr'Hlilntif ..Ira l. KiMhw, Columbus, Kan. fl'j'y..W. K. Iilj.;hUrilr, Cottonwood 1'allH, Kan. Trntriurer VV. II. Toiler, Oswego, Kan. Lecturer H. II, rinyder, Ktniman, Kan. Kxrsniiiv (:ommuitn,l dMrVT, Joint KU)tl .,,! ,M.,f... If II If,. u. 1,1 1futr1t II li;U;V.h dlfitrlft, (f. W. Manih,' Chairman, 'To! tf,k. Ka turns; bmi dlHincr,, A. llemiuonist: cm ainmcl, w. m. layior; vui aisr.nct, nirs. aa. r. Lease. OFFICIAL. WAfiiiiNOTOi. D. C, Jan. 2, 1801. AllcommiHBlona iiiRueil to national or ganizers from this olllce prior to Decem ber 2, 18!)0, ere hereby declared to be null and of no effect, unless the Bauie have been renewed by proper authority. National organizers holding such com miaoionflwlll make application to thin onice foa a renewal of the name. L. L. Polk, President N. F. A. and I. U. Persona desiring to be commlauioned it national organizers' ot the National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union will make written application to the na tional president fct Washington, D. 0., accompanied by indorsement of state or national o Ulcers m to character and qual ifications of applicant. If they deelre to work In etateo having state organizations, they will make application to the presi dent of their respective states. L. L. Polk, President N. P. A. and I. U. II5MUATI0N. Tottw Editor of Tn ic Advocate : I read with Intereiit the coramunlca tlona of your correspondents, W. Twed dale and L. In Tine Advocatk of March i on the subject of Irrigation for Kansas, and particularly for western Kansas. I beg room In The Advocate for a further dliousslon of the question. It ihould be borne In mind that the conditions In wostern Kansaa are not the Bftma that obtain In countrif a entirely de pendent on Irrigation for agriculture. In western Kansas tho rainfall is often suf ficient for a full general crop. The total failure la the exception. To make agri culture successful we have Blmply then to obtain the meteorological conditions every yoar that prevail on an average every fifth year; nay, when a full crop Is raised. How can this bo done? There ii good reason to bellevo that moisture enough passes over wootern Kansas every Bummor to answer the purpose of agri culture. It lu a common experience to two very promlalnjf clouds appear above the horizon In the south on a summer's day, only to be dissipated aa they ap proach the zenith. If condensation and proclpltatlou could be effected there would bo no lack of rain. Irrigation is looked upon as an Important factor In reaching this retult. The problem of irrigating the high land lying between the water courses of a country is one eoldom conuldered and never solved. All the water that can be obtained from natural flow by Impound ing water or from ground water would be needed to successfully Irrigate the bottom lands and the Blopea lying adja cent thereto. Such then would bo the Irrigable lands. In north wostern Kansaa they would not exceed 10 per cent of the entire area. Should the Irrigable lands b placed under cultivation by using upon thorn nil the water that can be obtained from the sources mentioned, a conoid. erablo surface would be furnished for oor.otnnt evaporation throughout the summer months. Orchard and groves could bo successfully grown. The pro duct of thld limited area would exceed the Icist crop now raised over the entire noc-Mon. Then make uao of the suggestion of L. Construct one or more ponds on each farm. Buch ponda would add a fraction of 1 per cent, to the wot surface for evaporation. They would also bo a ben eflt in many other wayB, such aa furnlwh Ing stock water, moluture for small groves and saturating the ground with moisture In a small way. With 10 per cent, (approximately) of the surface of the ground constantly wet or moist throughout the summer months, with many thrifty orchards and grovoa which would be produced and large areas of rank vegetation, it Is not Improbable that the meteorological conditions of our moot unfavorable seasons would bo so modified as to permit the growth of fair crops every year. The hot, dry winds of July and August, which are death to growing vegetation, would be inoiatened and cooled. The moisture which now paftfjoa over the country, Invisible, would remain and be come condensed, and rainfall would be come more frequent and copious. Tho work which Mr. Twedd&le sug gests the state should do would be of great benefit. We do not, however, noed to wait. The quality of the soil ia known. The results of irrigation are known. Much of the country can be irrigated. The financier and engineer can go to work at once; cites for impounding reser voirs can be determined and plans pre pared for applying the water to the soil. If at any point it can be shown that Irri gation Is practicable the means for get ting It will not long be wanting. M. J. Wells. Woodson, Kan., March C, 1801. Henolutlons Condemning the "Farm, Field and Stockman." Whereas, We tho undersigned, after quite threo months patronage of the "Farm, Field and Stockman," entertain the con viction that said newHpapor is edited upon a plan' where either joalouny, Inordinate ambition, or sectional feeling furnish the lubricating oil; and Whereas, The editors of said paper did in an issue of the same, dated January 21, 1891, ridicule by words and by cartoon cer tain men, namely, Meoors. McCuneand Stanford, the first, for advocating tho sub- treaaury plan, the second for recommend ing government loans diroot to the farmers on their land at a low rate of interest, and did donounoe these gentlemen as dema gogues, and reflect upon thoir sincerity and integrity; and Whereas, Wobolieve that the method thus used to oppone the ideas of Messrs. MoCune and Stanford is exactly the same in spirit and interest as that used by tyrants and usurpers, by the sinister and designing, and by predatory politicians, who soak to ridi cule the mecoes into silence in order to filch from productive effort its hard earn lags liato the iron-bound ooffers of the mil lionaires; and ' Whereas, We do sincerely boliove that the discussion of the sub-treasury plan, and of the government loaning money direct upon farm lands, has done much good iu refresh ing the minds of the masses that the gov ernment has made loans to railroads and to improve harbors, has granted pensions to soldiers and annuities to Indians, has loaned money to national banks, has appropriated money to fire and flood sufferers, has glvon money for expeditions to the north pole, and to build light houses, and tor centennial expositions, has purchased lands and stores to core for whiskey and silver bullion, has madoan annual appropriation to the agri cultural department, has legislated for the exclusive infcereot of manufactories and other class Interests, while it leaves every A I TIT N, fr l O j I jrJU w f if I i riVrvA DKhgU J Du ) fr I' T ! 3WHGS iWmimBdf PILES. an linn 4 m in nn PM I r- H n i uuc.UiU vaHl Alii LUrit lUlUWII run 19 TtmD 7U2 Zl'uT nuMsoy FCR PUSS. PREPARED BY RltHARDSOtMAYLOU MED. CO. ST. LOUIS MO. C" I : 3T A 1 1 1 I B I IIC D 1 HOf). GARL OFHtOAQ, Wlioli'nalu and retail of the world rniowmxl CMctcrlni I Son's Pianos, Krocier J Ms Pianos, Sterling Pianos, Evtry Imtrumont Warrantsd lor v;' tJ . Emersca Pianos, Fivo rears. Farrand & Vctcy Reel an! Pine Organs. flhftiit Muiilo. Muiilo Hooks and Mimlral MflrchandlKe of every dcscrlptton. We liave the liirRONt acid bet sdwtM ito:k In the WfiHt. Our prlros and torrns are always im lowcut. takln quality of goods Into coniildcrailon Our floe, Illustrated catulotiiio fto on application to thoue who rnciiLlou Til Aovocatk. Addres CARL HOFFiVIAM, Chlokerlng Hall, Leavenworth, Kani. W. F1. RIGHT3EIRE Will Rive spwlal attentl(n to trial of cnwin In the United States Courts, In the Supreme Court of the HUite of Kanfuis, and when ugt latorosti are Involved will take charge of causes In tho various Dutrict courts or the state. Havlnir mswle a srwlalty of Insurance law for the raft three years, parties having cases acalnit Insurance companies will do well to call upon or correspond with him. Address W. in. riICrIITMIR.13, Mention Advocate. Topolxxx, a. ncaa. DR. STANLEY H. BROOKS formerly of the T.elMir World DlHpensarr Is now located at corner of 9th and Ceutral streets, Rooms 2, 10, 12 and 14, Kansas City, Mlusourl. farm product on Its way from the farm to tho consumer to- contend with a horde of conscienceless speculator, who gobble up the profits and divide them among the non producers of wealth; and Whereas, We appreciate and admire those of our fellow men who are trying to evolve ways and moans for the betterment of the oonditlon of tho masses and regard them far superior to those who decry against their efforts in a general way, while either too in dolent or indifferent to offer anything we deem better; and Whereas, We believe that the plans advo cated by Messrs. McCune and Stanford are fair, equitable and just, and should be on- aotod into law upon that broad prinoiple of reoiproeity that inspiref a juet and humane government to save from poverty, dograda tion and serfdom those on whom it must ever depend for life and perpetuity. There fore bo it Resolved, That we discontinue our pat ronage to the Farm, Field and Stockman and herebo request Mr. Charles Moon, who induced us to subscribe for said paper, to have our subscriptions for tho same recalled, and to mail a copy of these resolutions to the paper aforesaid, also a copy to Tub Ad-vocat. Signed by W. 0. Boohore, C. W. Moon, M. J. McKlnsey, 0. P. Boolden, W. C. Peak, Jerle Orr, D. H. Moffltt, John Kinmel, J. T. Flint-, D. II. Ilendreckson, Iuka; C. E. Mottby, Pratt; A. L. Freeman, J. V. Lee, J. IU Rlney, Charles S. Moon, C. E. Sdindler, Pratt, Ean. C. S. Moon, Secretary F. A. & I. U., Pratt, Kan. Notice, The State Alliance headquarters are now located at Topeka in the Dennis block on Jackson street between Sixth and Seventh. Friends visiting the city axe cordially Invited to call and ese us. Frank MoGrath, President. J. B. French, Secretary. STEKETEE'S IMPROVED Hog Giioiera cure. Greatest Discovery Itnown for tbe cur of HOG CUOLERA, and TIN WORMS IN HORSES. HUNDlti:i)8 op Tnof. Poswill. Ind., Oct. 13, lcfi, Mr. O. C. Stekete : Your llog Choler Cure, ol which I led two boxel to a yctrling colt, brought huo dredt ol pin worm and imaller rfd ones dom hr. Jih it domi )leodilly. We brliev It to b wood mdicme. WILLIS ROB1SON. Never w known to fail; th only inro remedy far woron in Uox, II or, fihrp, Do or Fowl. Kvery packg warranted i( ued at per direction. Price, 50c. per package, 6oc. by mail, j package li.jo by eipress, prepaid. II your drugget hat not got it tend direct to the proprietor, ODO. i UT1CKICTEE, Ursod ltupMt, Mich. I Challinck au. Othik Hog Ckqi.ua Rimbww. Mention Aovocatk. Cushln'a Manual.-!'"-'! KJition.wii Adtlltuina and t orrcr tlcun.w No one yj who wishes to take part in the proceed inffi of anv orcanird fxxlv can afford to do without the help of this little vol ume; knowledge of its contents alono is a valuable education, and the price la so moderate that no one need deprive himself of its teachings. Aliw contain ing the Constitution of the United Slates and Declaration of Independence. Con taining aoo pagef. Paper cover. Trice (ctB Cloth silt. Trice so etc ALLIANCE SUPPLY CO., Dow Creek, Phillips Co., Kant. M We mm consider It a personal favor If cor rosvil en ma mutton Tn advocath wlwm docj ttuinrj nVb our aulvvui.