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TimJ ADVOOATOS, KNKiim of lisciruourry. Va t poi'iibiliticj aro op-n a to thiii tciv organization. NGlwitLskmling accrot politics iro an abomination in tho night of tho politicians of tho grand cM party, yet this now K:vcrot poli tied organization will undonbtodly rocoivo thoir hearty sapport in view of tho groat benefits to tho American pooplo that aro expected to result from Sir. Blaine's policy of recipro city of trado wi4,h tho American na tions. Hon. Samuel It. Tutors, lato CcogroMsman from the Sovonth Con gronnional district of Kansas, says that tho ordor is extending very j-cpidly, and that applications for charters have bion received at hoad qnarter3 in Gardon City from every state and torntory in tho Union. Ho eays, "tho now order is taking prodig ious strides" When a new ordor thus springs suddenly into prominonco and prom ises to bocomo bo important a factor in tho politics of tho country, tho pooplo at onco bocomo interested in its principles und purponcs and natunlly desiro to know just what it h denignod to accomplish. To par tially satisfy this desire for informa tion upon this subject wo havo insti tuted on investigation, tho reanlta of which wo will give to oar renders. Mr. Blaine is nndoubtodly correctly credited with originating tho idoa of reciprocity, and his recent Pon Amorican Congress made it ono of t ho principal topics of discuHsion. Mr. Blaine is a great statesman, and when ho concoives a groat idea ho proceeds to carry it into praotico. Wo accordingly lind him, in tho early days of his administration of tho stato department, taking such preliminary steps as wore necessary to inaugurate a syston of reciprocal trado with our neighboring nations. On tho 15th of December, 188'.), tho following circu lar was sent out from tho ofllco of tho secretary of stato: Dkpahtmknt ok Statu, ) Wahiiinoton, December 15, l!W9. f To the Comular Offlcw of tht UniUd State in McJi, Ventral and Smith America and the Wmt lnHa: GENTLKMKJf : Soma of the leading maltsters and brow? r of the Unite d Htates havo rouented the department to procure Information relative to the mult and beer trado In your renpoctlvo dlntrlcts. The Information desired covers such points as follows I 1. The Imports of malt and whence Imported ; duties charged thereon; cost of saino por bushel: whether Imported or locally prepared, etc. 3. The Imports of beer, and whonco Imported; In bottles or In wood, and duties charged there on; kinds of beer most suited for the local con sumption; details concerning prices, wholesale and retail, of foreign and domestic boor, etc. 3. How Imported malt and beer are placed up on the market. The motive of this circular being the enlarge mcnt of American trade, you will not confine yourselves to the above Investigations, which are to a large degree suggestive only, but will give as much Information as pottslblo concerning every pb&te of the malt beer business, so that the rnal tutors and brewers of the United States may full7 understand the requirements necessary to successful trado In each district. All foreign weights, measures, and money should be stated In American equivalents. I am, gentlemen, your obedieut servant, William V. Wiiauton, Assistant Secretary. This circular, together with tho re plies of tho consular officers, is pub lished by tho Etato department and nay bo obta ined by addcosing tho eoo rctary of etato. We append sorno ox tracts from these replies Ltbbcus G. Bennington, consul, Bio Grand do Sul, Brazil, reports: Iloor Is becoming somewhat morn popular as a btivorage among the Dallve people of this country, but whatsoever hcmaticl demand there may bo among a certain clans of consiliums, It Is sup plied to a certain extent by local brewerlc. Imported beer pays a duty of V) cents per liter, and retails at from M to 0 cents per hot Urt. Tho ordinary beer of this country sells at from IN) cents to SI per dozen from the brewer to the retailer, who sells It to the consumers at from 10 to 20 cents per bottle, A stronger, darker beer sells at from 30 to 60 per cent, higher. Imported beer Is put upon tho market through certain commercial houses, which will sometimes have the exclusive agency for the sale of certain brands adopted by bottlers In Europe. la order to establish any trade In American beer In this country, I can but reiterate what I have written before; It Is necessary to establish a house or an agency In tho p:irt of the country where trade Is desired, which will push Its goods, whatever they be, In competition with tho Im portations from Knrope. Who can not noo what a grand thing reciprocity would bo in this caflo. Admit American beer duty froo into this consular district nnd it would at onco bo placed at a great advantago over imports from othor foreign countries. Now lot us consult anothor report of Consul Bennington and boo what tho United States would got in re turn. In his report published in tho consular reports for October, 1890, pngo 207, wo lind tho total exports of that district for tho years 1882 to 1887 to bo of tho valuo of $17,402, 518.02 to foreign countries. On page 208 wo boo that tho exports to tho Unitod States for tho year 1888 amountod to $0-11,85282. If this is an average of tho shipments to this country tho total for tho live years from 1882 to 1887 would bo $3,207, 2C1.10, leaving a balance of $14,253, 211.52 exportod to other countries. Mr. Bennington says these exports consist of "animal products, euch as dried beef, grease, tallow, driod tongue, hides, horns, bono ash, bones, horso hair and horno oil." Consul E. L. Baker reports as fol lows: In order to better protect the brewing Indus try of the country, the Argentine tariff on Im ported beers has of lata years been considerably Increased. Whereas formerly beer In bottles paid a duty of '."0 per cent, on a valuation of $2.25 per dozen, and In casks a duty of 20 per cent, on a valuation of 15 cents per liter, now tho duty on such beer Is 15 cents per liter when It comes In casks, and 15 cents per bottlo when U comes In bottles. This decided tariff has had the effect of greatly stimulating the production and tho con sumption of native fermented liquors. Notwithstanding the Increased duty, however, and the very connlderablo quantities of beer now produced here, thoro Is still a largo and continu ing demand for foreign beers also. Mr. Bakor gives a table of tho im ports of theso beverages, from which it appears that in 1887 the imports from all countries wero 1003,711 and in 1888 1072,005. Of theso amounts only 9,499 worth enmo from tho Unitod States in 1887, and only $5,130 in 188a Now turning to Consul Baker's ro port of the exports of his district pub lished in consular reports for tho month of April, 1890, we find these exports to consist of tho following products: Linseed, Indian corn, peanuts, wheat, wool and sheep skins. Tho amount of those products exported in 1887 were as follows: Of agricultural products f 21,203,141 Of wool.. 52,719,315 Of sheep skins. (1,093,408 Total srojuytfa In 1883 tho exports wcro da fol lows: Of agricultural products ir,2f..'WlO Of wool tl.HM.ilort Of sheep skins 0,610,0:3 Total Tho distribution of thoeo products is only given for tho year 1888. In that year $797,210 only camo to tho United Staton, leaving a bahnco of 05,909,071 that went to other conn trios. What a glorious opportunity for Mr. Blaino and the Knights of Rec iprocity. What a triumph of Amer ican gonius and statesmanship it will bo if thoy can succood in establishing a reciprocity of trade botweeu theso countries and America, whereby all duties shall be removed and Ameri can boor can bo exchanged for the dried boof, grease, tallow, driod tongues, hides, wool, etc., of Bio Grand do Sol, and the linseed, In dian corn, peanuts, wheat, wool and shoep skins of tho Argentine Repub lic. Mr. Blaine was very thoughtful and considerate in thus opening the way for Amorican brewers to extend their buflinosa with a fair prospect of monopolizing tho foreign beer trado of our neighboring nations. What a bonofit this oxchango of commodities will bo to American farmers I Is it any wondor that ox-Congrossmau Peters' new organization should bo "taking prodigious stridost" Is it any wondor that theso chivalrous knights should hasten to rally to the standard of thoir "plumed" chieftain' What an opportunity is hero present ed to Amorican farmers I Who can doubt that they will rush enthusias tically to tho support of tho "plumed knight" and his brilliant foreign pol icy! Groat is reciprocity! THE CINCINNATI CONFERENCE. Tho mere mention of this confer enco gives some of oar Alliance friends in some sections of tho coun try tho chills. Like President IIallf of Missouri, thoy are Democrats first and Allianco men second. Tho time is near at hand when we must under stand each other, and as a basis of this understanding it may as woll bo known that while the pooplo of tho great northwest havo abandoned the Republican party, and aro willing to bury the last relioof sectionalism and unite with all classes having common intoroats, in ell sections of our com mon country, for the triumph of the principles proclaimed at St Louis and reaffirmed at Ocala, they will never enter tho ranka of tho old Dem ocratic party with the hope of secur ing needed reforms through its in strumentality. Those who are enter tainiog hopes of this kind may as well abandon them now. The Demo cratic party is as much the tool of Wall stroot as its old rival. The dif ference in the two has boon well ox pressed by a current writer- "tho one is in and the othor would like to get in." If there ia any part of the south or of any other section of the country that prefers Democracy to tho success of Allianco principles, let them make their choice. The people of the north and west who havo heretofore boon overwhelmingly Republican will go. half way, but no farther. Thoso of Democratic antecedents muwt moot ua in tho "middlo of tho road." This may as well bo underwood now as at a later date. If sectionalism is to bo buried, and tho politics of tho ftituro to bo based upon tho principles and reforms demanded by tho industrial organizations of this country, the sac rifices munt not all bo expected from thoso of Republican antecedents. Wo speak plainly upon this subject, be cause wo believe a little plain talk of this kind to bo both neconsary and propor. The time is approaching that will toHttho loyalty of the people of all sections to Alliance principles. If these principles shall take preco dencoovor party prejudices, victory is certain. If the opposite, thon sec tional lines must continuo to divido us. While the organization of an in dependent party may not bo fully consummated at Cincinnati on tho 19th of May, an independent party is what that conferonco means, and the north and west will go solidly with it. Will thoy go alone? This is the question to bo answered, and thoro is but ono answer that will insuro the union of the west and the south and the cer tain triumph of our principles. TUB STATIC PAINTER'S FEES. Our Republican friends aro having hysterics becauao tho stato prin ter's feos wore not reduced by the lato Legislature. We froely admit that there is room for reform in that direction, and would have considered a reasonable reduction of those fees a vory propor thing to have boon ac complished, but in viow of tho facts in the caso tho extromo solicitude of Republicans upon this question is quito pathetic. Who croatod these feos and who has enjoyed tho bene fits of them during tho yoars that are past? It would soem that a party that is responsible for tho creation of a fat job and whoso pots have en joyed it for lo, theso many years, would bo a little less demonstrative about the failure to curtail its emolu ments simply because anothor party got the job. Modosty, however, ia not a predominating trait of Republi can character, and tho expenditures for public printing which tho domi nant party has not considered at all extravagant so long as tho funds ap propriated for this purposo went into Republican pockets, will horeaftor be considerod little short of robbery of tho people now that tho office has paosod into other hands. We recog nize very many Republican measures that afford ample scope for reform, and many sinecures that should bo abolished entirely, but we submit that inasmuch as these have boon created and maintained by tho Republican party up to tho present time, that party would exhibit more bocoming modesty if it wore less demonstrative in its denunciation of the People's party for its failure to abolish these evils until that party succoods in gain ing control of more than one branch of the state government Seveual communications have to go ovor again this week for want of space. Correspondents will have to be patient and we will do the best we can.