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The advocate. [volume] (Meriden, Kan.) 1889-1892, April 01, 1891, Image 8

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029079/1891-04-01/ed-1/seq-8/

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wirnixfi'XN Kwro-uiL common-
T.'ir, jfAnnif.na' xltkiiu:tion tohatiojt-
l)j;-n.iIngN"itkm&l'flm according to that
vVi"h will doubtlesn be the outcome of
tlo vjitoca socialistic, educational ton
(!,T.:!ea cf the present time, we nmy Btijr
that it will be a condition la which the
teduetr5s and activities upon which
large numbers of paople depend will be
conducted on a large and Byttcraatlo
real?, with the bowjflta, the proiiia and
tliii Ubor distributed among the workers
acd consumer In a Juat and equitable
It ia not pretended that thla definition
includes all the thoorles or alma of per
O'jr.s calling thomaelves Nationalists. Bat
the definition will bo accepted as a par
tial statement, and If It be regarded 03
uuflmuhed or Juvenile Nationalism, It
liEU at least the merit of powiibllltlea for
Claiming merely thla much for Na
tioaalism It will seem clear to moHt peo-
plo that it U the Inevitable or ine not
hopeless future.
Of the large enterprise already In
come enuontlala nationalized the railroads
and telegrapha ore conspicuous, and that
they will not long hence follow the pos
tal service, Is as clear aa the noonday
sun. With these purponos attained, and
with their leverage as object lections, the
progroua toward further eystemLatlon,
economy and good service In other busi
ness will be accelerated.
Following uncHcapable prevalent ton
donclca the farmera have gone Into or
ganization. Their consulting beget
handshakings with the laborers of the
cities, mlnea and factories who have long
been asking many things never to be
given for the asking by themselves.
The homeleua urban laborers are being
reinforced by their rural brethren. They
are becoming hopeful. They will become
Bealdca tho non-reslstable tendency to
to organization tho farmera are being
borne along by thooo other rodBtless ten
dencies, consolidation and corporation;
theao they are appplylng to their own
distinctive occupation. Already there ia
fruit in a measure known aa the aub
trosury till, Introduced la tho laat Con
gress. Briefly stated this mecaure lookato tho
fiotabliabment of warehousoa for the Btor
C3 of farm products, where thpy may
await the call of the real demand of con
sumptionnot to bo ahullled off as now
by gamblers, according to the fiction of
aupply and demand. The depositor, If
ho needj or wishes, may obtain aa ad
vance payment, a percentage of value off
tho deposit. The advance payment will
coma directly from a government aub
trcsaury, the produce remaining ware
hounsd aa security agalnat the tlm of
ealo. Anothor and by far the incut lm
pcrtant feature of thia bill la its provision
for a flexible currency corresponding to
the crnouut necessary for handling and
marketing the products of the farm,
swelling with tho Increase of produce fol
lowing harveata and retiring when the
products upon which It la based are con
Buicod. that come such measure la In harmony
with Nationalism Is apparent, since It
piovldea for ByBtem, order and method In
tha transactions of the business olde of
It ha3 been to tho detriment of the
prosperity of the entire cation that the
farm buoineaa has boen conducted at
haphazard. That tho one division of the
vorLVsi werk upon which the whole poo
pdo are nora dependent than Buy other
fhouad b&ve boen for all time a bsggar
la narVct ph3, ia attrlbutabls to the
tadlvldtuliaiic tt,trd uaoritlzsd condi
tion of the farmer clann. Tho farmer la
twice a question In 8.11 hJabufiioooi traca
actlona, both tun a edlcr end a buyer. IIo
iwlia, how much can I have for my wheat,
my buttr, my ttock? How much must
I give for my ooiroe, my calico and my
The farmer Liu carefully tilled his lol',
raised hla stock, carted hla produce to
market, and junt at that point ho has
turned over all regulation, supervision or
adequate understanding of buHinen3 to
tranaportatlon companion, to speculators,
grain gamblers and boef combines, and
thcie In conjunction with vicious finan
cial legislation have at length impover
lshed the farmers.
Using the phraseology of the devout,
on. 9 might call It providential that the
farmera of Amorlca are awake to tho
danger of their situation; that they are
coming to an understanding aa to reme
dies Farmers are learning that they
must unite with laborers of all claauea for
the overthrow of unfriendly legislation
and ror the enactment or just laws.
Along with thin they must employ auch
modern business methods an will place
agriculture on an equal footing with mer
cantile, manufacturing and other great In
dustries. It may bo fairly cliimod that the two
destructive features of this farmera sub
treaaury plan will In some form and by
Borne means become established, and the
result will bo no inconsiderable contri
bution to nationalistic conditions
Another advance in a si miliar direction
la the growth of the Farmera Stock Ex
change. Thla enterprise ia destined to
bring the marketing of live stock under
the intelligent supervision of the men
who raise the stock. The busilnees of the
Fanner's Kansas City Stock Exchange,
which is an adjunct of tho Farmer's Al
liance of Kansas, haa already assumed
proportions formidable to the competing
yard! of corporata companies. Another
symptom of the gravitation of tho farmer
claaa toward systemlzation.
The broad and generous system of In
surance now vigorously pushed by the
National Farmer's Alliance is educational
In the direction of homogenlous work.
It will be found adoptablo and ready to
go into the nationalistic provisions for the
society and the comfort of the nation's
A little more than a year ago, when the
awakening of thought among tho farmers
of Kansas which culminated In the polit
ical revolution began, there was much
written and Bald about the advisability of
a national "ochodule of farm products."
This proposition Involved a general
consultation and co-operation. Its dis
cussion was begun by Mr. John Q. Otis,
now Congroesman-eloct from Kansas.
Mr. Otto, an exceptionally well Informed
and well read man, was at that time a
farmer dairyman, and the person who
then would have suggested that Mr. Otis
would Inside of a year be called by the
people to rftprosont thorn in Congress
would have been well ridiculed.
It will thus bo seen that ldeaa are cur
rent which when Incorporated Into prac
tice will bring order out of the choaacf
farm buolncca,
titlll anothor much talked of measure
was that set forth In a little pamphlet
by Senator-elect Feffer, entitled "The
Way Out." The main feature of thla was
hauance of money direct to the people at
coot of making and handling. The dis
bursing ftgenclca, or genuine national
banks, to be located at all points neces
sary for convenient transaction of busi
ness. The amount of lsoue to be deter
mined by the business need of the country.
The elaboration of MThe Way Out
corxtltutrfd a large part cf th dlacuaulon
Da the principal of fl-unce during thcee
rscurkabld month;! proceeding tho fall
campaign. Senator Ingallu la hLs cam
paign speeches omitted Berious dlacue
nlon of thlj little book and Becailngly
touaed it amdo with tho flippant witticism
that Pef?er'suWay Out was but a Bhrewd
attempt to find a Way In."
A regulation of the national currency
btim upon tho proportions contained In
"The Way Out" would reduce money to
its only legitimate or Bafe function; that
of a medium of exchange, a convenient
subotltute for cumbersome barter of cora
moditicH. The establishment of such a
simple and general system would be in
the line of evolution toward the utmost
thought of nationalism.
Tho forogolng are aome of the tenden
cies which In aome form or other are
either the exprenaod or the latest deter
mination of the farmera and laborers of
America, and when more fully digested
and subsequently cryBtalized into legisla
tion they will constitute the farmer's
contribution to nationalism.
There appeared recently In the New
York 7Vmt' an editorial remarkable for
Its open acknowledgment of tho methods
by which Congress la manipulated by the
money speculators of New York. The
editorial says: "mere la no doubt mat In
the next House of Representatives there
will be a Btrong majority In favor of free,
unlimited, independent coinage of sil
ver." This measure la looked upon as
bo inimical to the Interests of the "busi
ness men of New York" that the Times
appeals in the strongest poHsible fashion
to "make use of the ounce of prevention
rather than to assume the responsibility
of securing the pound of cure." The
Times exhorts thoEe business men to en
gage in a campaign of education, and to
make uue of multiform and intimate
business relations with all parts of
the country to enlighten public
opinion. What haa once been dono con
be successfully done again bo thinks the
Times. The manner in which public
opinion waa once enlightened la Bet forth
aa follows:
During tho rooont BOBsion of Congreps,
after the free coinage bill had paRsod the
Senate and while it was yet pending in the
Ilouue, there was one man, as we happen to
know, who through his business correspon
dents sot on foot a series of protests by
bufiinofia men against thia legislation that in
a few weeks had a very decided effect. The
voice of the conservative and informed ele
ment in a dozen cities in all parts of the
country was made to find eipremuon in a
way that party leaders eould not ignore and
did net caro to defy. If this could be dono
by the well directed activity and intelligent
zoal of one man in a few dayx, what could
not be done by organized and concerted ef
fort by the largo number of business men in
New York, with like associations and op
portunities? The work to be done is im
portant. The way to do it has already been
pointed out. No time should be lost in en
tering upon it.
Would it not be highly Interesting' to
the people if the Times could be induced
to give the name and the occupation of
this "one man" who through his busi
ness correspondence brought about the
defeat of free coinage in the last Con
greos? '
Ia It not a somewhat startling revela
tion that one man working upon "a dozen
cities" could produce results "which
party leaders could not Ignore and did
not caro to defy?"
Now was not this a fine exhibition cf
cno man power?" A dozen cities control
Congxeaa! Verily we are nearlng that
"patriotism" which la the nightmare cf
our political ensmioe.
i The reform, preta of the country will
doutlocs taie pleasure in reproducing
and analyzing theao lottera from Now
York bmitaofia men which are deulgncd
to educate tho poople In tho true princi
ples of flnanco In the editorial columns
of Republican and Democratic newepa
pra; they will soem to be the sponta
neous and profound exproriniona of edi
torial conscience, but they will bear the
car marks of the one man who educates
cities by the dozen. They will be recog
nized by their deep concern lest the "de
preciated currency" consequent upon
free coinage of Bllvor may ruin the com
mon people; and they will never omit the
wall over the widow and the orphan
whose little all haa been invoHted In west
ern enterprises.
Happily for this nation a campaign of
education concerning finance Is being
conducted by those who are not speaking
from the one man standpoint.
Colonel Polk ia home from his Iowa
trip. He was enthusiastically rocelvod.
The macros are everywhere awake to a
knowlodge of the fact that their interests
have been betrayed by the men whom
they have trusted.
Jerry Simpson left Woflhingtou to-day
for the purpoao of actuating In the Con
necticut Alliance movement. lie Is In
receipt of tho most urgent calls from
several states. The Kansas idea Is march
ing on.
Senator Peffer delivered a temperance
addreos In the Congregational church yes
terday afternoon In response to an Invi
tation from the district W. C. T. U. Ilia
remarks were highly gratifying to the
temporanco element hore. A lady re
marked to me this morning that the new
Senator from Kansas seemed to repre
sent Kanuaa' sentiment more truly than
the one who proceeded him.
Readers of The Advocatic will be In
teracted to learn that Benjamin Harrison
McKeo held a reception In the elegant
parlors of the White house a few even
ings Blnce. The event was elaborately
described In the city papers. Mooter
McKee doubtless sharoa his grandpa's
belief that this la a prosperous nation.
It Is doubtful if the young ragmuffia
whom I saw thla morning digging In the
ashes in the engine yard looking for a
few cinders entertains tho same roseate
views of life which the President's grand
oon cherishea.
President Harrison stated recently to a
newspaper man that a reaction had set In
in favor of the Republican party. The
President's choerful view of the situation
is strengthened by the declaration of
Governor Osborn to a Washington re
porter that "Kansas ia still a Republican
atate and will cast Its vote for the Repub
lican nominee," Governor Oaborn fur
nished the further Information that the
Alliance in Kansas aa a political power
Is waning.
It Is really remarkable what slight
comprehension those high in political
circles have of the extent and the mean
ing of tho revolt of the people against
the favoritism, the corruption and the
extravagance of the political parties
which have mlsmannged affairs of state
in the past quarter of a century.
It Is quite current talk hro that Mr.
Blaine Is out of tho queotion as a Presi
dential candidate owing to hla failing
physical condition.
It la of course the purpose of those
who manage national conventions to
nominate Jir. Harrison. "He la giving
ua a safe and clean administration." This
la the current phrase which everybody
utters concerning President Harrison.
Of course I mean the everybodle s who
favor hia second term.
Annie L. Dices,

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