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HTlMWa MIOWINO WHICH WAY TH3
V1XD BLOW!. Th 9 Mimohtiftctts legislative commit ter t) Investigate tho condition cf the laborers under tho "sweating system," . r ; it a terrlb'e stati of alTa-ia with theao miuerible people. Think of a dozen men f&t women crowded Into a room only u ui&ny feet tquare, ap proached by narrow, dark, halld, ehut out froui Uod'a sunlight, illy ventilated, ejuallil and dirty, making clotting at starvation prices for 1'outon merchants; and then hear then Bam merchant! cUraorlnrf for more protection against European and pauper labor, white they are gathering la their mllllona by thla tamo "sweating tybtvm." Then think of theme educated, refined, patriotic, philan thropic and chrbitlaa BoBtonlaios, draped la Jlk and Batin, seated in tholr cufih ionod scats In rented pews, prayer book In Land, and with saintly wein receiving tho broad of Ufa from a high salaried minister deacantiug on the beauties and glories of the chriutlan religion, the author of which had not wbero to lay J II j head. Buch Inequalities and out rages would Boom almoot enough to dis turb the ajhes of Cotton Mather. Uut hero we let the enrtain drop. Thla In only a faint description of what ex lata In all of our Industrial centers, which calls aloud for renewed energy la the promul gation of the new gospel of industrial and political reform "equal rights to all and special privileges to none." Tho recent ceusua foota up 0,0(X),000 mortgages in the United States, averag ing about f.",r0 to the mortgago. Thla would make the entire debt of this sort in round numbers $5,000,000,000. Prob ably 15,000,000 men are struggling undor each burdens of debt. Is it any wonder that the people are restlooa and resorting to new partloa, new expedients and now leaders? While these new movements may not secure all that Is claimed for them, it Id pretty sure they will cut a large figure la the campaign In 180'i Let every friend of equal rights re member we can secure thee reforms ouly by standing firm and fighting for them with a zeal worthy of a rlghtooue CtUSO. What the people want to know is whether tho Republican party is losing its hold In Kansas, and every fact which pointa in that direction or which can be oocotruod by Al liance rantrs in and out of the utate as pointing to the disintegration of the party will further reduce the credit of the otnto and encourage the Alliance politicians, while throwing a wet blanket on the Re publicans all over the rtate. Topeka Capl trJ, March 31, '91. Verily the Capital la In very narrow etraighta and la suffering great anguleh of soul. If It were not so ridiculous, It would be amusing to hear the Capital claiming that even the appearance of the disintegration of the Ilepubllcan party will injure the credit of the state, and still worse, encourage the "Alliance poli ticians." We think it would not be Impertinent to tusk what Is the Republican party? Is it son invisible nod mysterious In fluence, Indigenous to the soli or air of Kannai, hovering over and directing the tiTALrs of the people, Independent of their will, or la It made up of poople who hold certain political views and who ex eirciss their discretion In choosing what principles thoy will support? We bo liovo it la the latter. Sealng they have been woefully deceived by some kind of deceptive influence;, and to&tead of "be ing lot! to prosperity end happiness, they h:vo been dicjgod down to d$bt and 3: jpdr, they with ctlters from oiler party afiillatlona, propose to eierclae their God given rights la choosing pew principles and new leaders in ordr to regain or retitora tho privileges and environments which will brio,!? the prospority that was lout under the old party Influences. No wonder tho old purblind Capital, tool of monopoly usurpation and oppres sion, howlj In rage and despair ua he eeoa the lines closing, presagjrg the sure disintegration of the old mystic and miserable craft, with the Atchison Cham' pion, Hutchinson JVfuw, Leavenworth Timen uni the "Irrldesceni" Ingalls clear over among the "ranting calamity howl era," and Senator Plumb and the Wichi ta Ewjti perched on the fence with their faces Alliancoward. Cast up the high way. There la room for all." We will not all bow the knee to the conscience lesa god of mammon. I.V MIW. LKASO DEFKN.SE. To tho Editor of the Wichita ICajcte: Having seen some adverse criticisms In regard to Mrs. Mary E. Ijoase, of your city, I beg to state that they aro entirely exagji'rated. MrB. Lease spoke to & crowded audience at Albaugh's opera house. She was cordially and enthusi astically received, often interrupted by vociferous applaiue. A few partlzan friends of Mr. Ingalla attempted to show their disapproval by hloscs, but were drowned by rapturous applause by the large majority. Mrs. Leaso on the day of her address visited, in company with me, the capltol, and waB introduced by me to several prominent Senators nnd members of the IIouho of Representatives. Mr. Ingalla crossed our path on his way to hla com mittee room. I left quite abruptly Mrs. Lease and addressed .the ex-Benator thus: "Senator, there is a lady, one of your constituents, at the capitol; would you like to meet her?" Mr. Ingalla smil ingly conaonted, but I thought It would perhaps be better to let him know who it was and I said: "I proaume you have heard of Mrs. Mary E. Lease, of Kansas?" At the mention of that name Mr. Ingalla thrust his hands Into his trousers' pockets and replied emphatically: "I do not core to moot that woman; only la dims and women will scalp a man after he is dead." I bade him good morning and joined Mrs. Lease, and reported to her the above conversation. She In turn moat emphati cally wished It to be understood that Bhe never desired to be Introduced to Mr. In galls. Thus, Mr. Editor, my rather too previous good offers of Introduction of the bo two distinguished persons and of such oppotutos la nature and politics found me In a rather awkward position, which can bo easier imagined than de scribed. Mrs. Lease's success was well deserved and she has made many and warm friends here In Washington. Several of the delegates hore from other cities have extended to her most cordial invitations to address the Sorosis in New York city and the Beverol associations of progres sive women in IloBton. Mrs. Lease has been also elected vice president of the Women's National League of Amerloa, and likewise vice president of the Women's Industrial In ternational Congreap, to be held in 1802, In thla city. Charlotte: Smith, President Women's Industrial League of America. Washington, March 7, 1891. Malta Money. A good, Uvo man wanted In every coun ty to handle a specialty, Big money la It Write for particulars. II. O. Paler & Co., Kansas City, Mo. SorocaiB3 for Tex Advociti. i NEW PAI.TY. Tho following communication contain tmti good iutfi'tlo mid Home my bad oni'i. The writer blrutdf glv: a mont excellMiit arcitiiifiit howlnti Urn faloc y of Hit) 1io;mj of hccouiiiIIhMiiu anything for the pfoplo through cither of tho old purlieu. IlJ nf.yi hotti of them are rniorinlbH.' for our present comlltloo ; ami he iiiIkM have truly added, both may bn dually twitted to eon tlaiifl that condition If wa continue Ut be fool enough to glv them the power. It Is unneceit miry to aid a word to what thH writer hlmielf ban said to show that lib iiiwHtion with refer ence to the old parties it both irnira'.'tlcal and rolchIevoii.-i:ivr)H.l Not having seen anything In your paper from this part of monopoly's do main for some time I will write a few linwH for publication. It seems that In certain quarters Just now, the question in, whether the Alliance and Industrial Union Is u new party or not. I have given the question some thought and can say for myself that It is my opinion that the question can be settled by either of the old parties. The Farmer's Alliance at tit. Louis made certain demands and adopted certain principles which they claim as necessary for our people. Those who claim to bo tho mouth-piece of the Democratic party in certain sections are vory decided In their opponltlon to those principles, claiming that they are uncon stitutional, without precedent, and alto gether chimerical. In Ilepubllcan ranks the same opinions have been fully and freely expressed. These old parties would give us to understand that we must look to them for redress of our grievances, but In every cane discourage the hope of relief through the methods proposed by our representatives at St. Louis. Now, in such a dilemma, what Bhall we do? Wo have only two courses open to us. Shall we call a meeting of the Farmer's Alliance for the purpose of reconsidering our action at St. Louis, and then publish to the world that the beet talent among the agriculturists of America were a set of blockheads and did not know what they needed? Shall we confess that we were mistaken, and beg our most worthy party bosses to for give wherein they have eeen amiss In ub, take us back Into tho old folds and feed us on tariff reform and "bloody shirts" the rest of our mortal lives? Shall we examine ourselves and see If we really do need reform la our government? And If we tlnd that we do, examine ourselves again and see if we are the men that can be depended on to work for and bring it about? If we decide that we need re form and that the methods proposed nt St. IiOuls are the means, then It Is next our duty to carry those methods out or surrender the arena to some class or body of men who have the manhood to work for them with a determination to succeed. Yes, let's go ahead with our demands, dotormined to win, be the ob stacles what they may, and tell the old parties these are our principles, If you can make them your battle-cry we are with you; if not we will go on without you and la spite of you." Unless we can take up these principles and stand lirmly by them in this spirit we would bet ter never have organized; for while either party denies the justice of our demands or the wisdom of our methods we can not consistently, or with any hope of suces?, act in conceit We are either right or wrong; and if we are right we should be llrm in standing up for our principles and have no compromises to make. On the other hand, If we are wrong the sooner we find It out the bet ter it will bo. Having satisfied ourselves on tho justice of our demands and the wisdom of our plans, the next thing for us to do Is to propose to the dominant party In our neighborhood (Democrat or Re publican) to work In harmony with it if it will Uke m & platform our demands and give thera to understand that we are de termined to hold ourselves in readinous to act Independently in case It refused. We can notDtford tobn fort", er the Blaves of tho money powur, and transmit that slavery to our children. Uoth the old parties have been fully capable of con construing our law to meet any disposi tion of finance they wanted to make, and while some of the leaders in the old parties claim that our government can not go into banking or money lending for the farmers, the histories tell us that the United States loaned to the Union Pacific; ruilroad money to finish Its construction, taking overy legal care to so adjust mortgages that it waa necessary to amend the law before the road was built, saying nothing of the banking law. This one act of our CongreBn is enough in the matter of precedent to knock that argu ment out. Our principles should be paramount, and we cannot allTord to risk anything by sacrificing thone principles for the sake of holding some old party lu tact that does not tndors'j them. The pronent conditions for which both old parties are responsible are fait driving us Into serfdom, and the only heritage they can promise our children In a life long Btruggle with powers they can never conquer without bloodshed. Well, as my letter la getting somewhat lengthy I will close. Enclosed, please find $1 to renew my faith to Tmc Advooatk as my subscription expires in April, for I can not do without your paper. Yours re spectfully, JR. W. Cl'KItlKH. Vista, Kan., March 28, 1901. WILLING TO RETURN (iOOD FOR EVIL. To the Ildltor of Tim Advooatk. Will you give me space in your paper to say a few words to and of that Intelli gent (?) person from Meade, Kan.? He says women are Ignorant. Well, perhaps they are, but the mont of them can spell such simple wordd as (nuff) enough. Now wouldn't it bo well for him to avail himself of some of the superior advan tages he boasts mon have? If he will send la his name I will send him one of WebBter's spelling books, and also a child's grammar. He may find them use ful. How bright and consistent he Is. After Haying women aro bo Ignorant he Hays: "They aro looked up to and respect ed, and should bo thankful for their high position." Indeed, I should think it would be hard for men to run the gov ernment If none of them had nny more brains than this fellow displays. He said truly when he laid, "less people know bigger they feel." It will apply to him Bplondldly. How glad and thankful the editor must be to have some one to put him on the right track, bo he will not espouse the equal suffrage question any more. Now let me ask a question or two. How does It come that man has the right or power to give or withhold the ballot from women? Is It a (Jod given power vested in man alone? Was it handed down to him as of old the ten commandments were to Moset? Thank you for your stand on the sub ject, Mr. Editor. An Ignorant Waypakeu. Jamestown, Kan., March 30, 1801. To Furuieri. The Union Iron Works, Kansas City, Mo., manufacture everything necessary for grain elevators. Power shellers, en gines and boilers and other machinery of the latest and most approved styles. They furnish plans and make estimates for nartles contemplating erecting elevators free, and where contracts are awarded superintend the construction ond put everything into successful operation. Writ them.