Newspaper Page Text
A : TEXAS WAIL ON THE FARMERS' AL LIANCE. Plutocracy wields en illimitable power that is bounded by no zone, nor affected by political or social relations, for like the horse leech, it ever cries, "Give, give," and la never satisfied. The Great Teacher, who spake as never man spake, tittered an admonition that comes down to humanity all through the ages, echo ing: "How hardly shall they that have riches enter Into the kingdom of God." Yet later In the sacred writings we find In the New Teatemant the following from St James: Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you Tour riches are corrupted, and your gar ments are moth-eaten. Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days. . Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth; and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth. Thus warnings stand without number teaching the lesson of the folly of wor shipping gold. At the fifth annual ses sion of the Texas Bankers' Association, held at Austin on May 7, 8 and 9, ex-Congressman J. F. Miller, of Gonzales, who was elected as one of the four delegates to attend the American Bankers' Associa tion, delivered a speech on "The Attitude and Feeling of the Masses Towards Banks,"from which the following copious extracts are herewith presented: There is a factor abroad in the land to day, which antagonizes the people against banking, not only against banking, but against almost anything else in the way of progress and capital, and that is the labor organizations. I regard them as the most dangerous Influence that has ever occurred In th history of the government of the United States. They are more threatening to the welfare of our institutions and to the perpetuity of the United States than anything else. They are the greatest menace to free government that has existed in the United States since its foundation. The war of the rebellion, the wars with Great Britain, all the wars with Mexico, anything, everything that has occurred has not been, and is not such a menace to free institutions and to popular government as the organizations that we have to-day of labor against capital. While it' is true that labor cannot exist without capital, and that capital cannot be made useful without labor, and that one de pends upon the other correlatively to make it succeesf ul, yet we have this spirit and teachings going abroad by which it seems to be the object and design of the people to destroy capital and everything in connec tion with it, and render it inoperative and unproductive. So that in all of these labor organizations the tendency is hostile to the banks in Texas. The organization known as the Farmers' Alliance, which has come into political power, is hostile to banks and their systems; still there is no farmer in the country, but wants to borrow money from banks, and will do it whenever he can, and whenever they don't let them have it, he gets mad. (Great applause.) This organization is one of the most dangerous political institutions in this country. It is rendered more danger ous by reason of the character of its leaders. We all know that most of the leaders of the Farmers' Alliance are not men of ability, are not men who have been successful in any line of life. They are not men whom any one of you would employ to manage business for you; they are not men that any banker would put in charge of his bank as cashier, even though he were present to look after him each day, and yet this class of men formulate the political theories of this state government, they formulate its finan cial policy, they formulate the business theories of a large majority of a farming population of the date of Texas. They not crl formulate them, they disseminata thorn through their agents known as district lec turers of the Farmers' Alliance. Now and then you will notice that these Alliances are requested to meet somewhere in your county and that somebody will be there to lecture them, who is to give them their political theories of government and of business as well. They go there scd shut the door, and its members listen to these men and believe them because they tell them they are sent out from headquarters. You people of Aus tin know something about them, because they were here during the Legislature, and you saw and learned their calibre. But the great trouble is that you cannot find out what they have taught; they go to these Alliances and teach these people po litical theories and theories with reference to banking, and they tell them that certain things are true and that other things are not true and these people without knowing, rely upon them and believe it, and you cannot combat these false teachings. These things are of the greatest danger, they are a menace to progressive government. If these errors were taught so that you could meet them, so that you could show the people that they are not true, tbey would not be so dangerous, but they are conceived in secret and promul gated in secret, and the farmers will not tell you what they believe. I tell you their ideas are being corrupted, and even their political honesty is being corrupted by these people and you cannot reach them. Even with your newspapers you cannot reach them, because they do not read them; they read only their own organs, and if they get hold of one of the daily papers, they think you have gotten up your argument for the pur pose of deceiving them and they will not believe it. They listen only to their lecturers and hear only from their own journals, so there is nothing encouraging in the feeling of the people of the United States toward banking or bankers. There is also prejudice growing out of a great many things. Growing out of the violent political contention that has been going on. You will remember that in the last Democratic state convention held at San Antonio, there is a declaration in its plat form showing their hostility to the national banking system that is perfectly foolish. I think the national banking system only pre supposes the existence of a national debt. Yet the people decry them as a national evil, notwithstanding anybody can have a national bank. It is no class privilege, and there is no reason why politicians should make their fulminationa against national banking, for any five citizens can put them selves together and organize a national bank. It is plain then, that there are no political privileges attached to it, and no political significance, whatever, any mora than any certain number of gentlemen en gaging themselves to go into a mercantile business, or operating a farm, and yet we have this party through its political leaders fulminating in its platform against national banks simply to pander to the prejudice of these people. Now, this is the last trouble the last evil-that I shall allude to and it is a vicious one. In this day and generation we have a class of men known as politicians, men who are professional politicians, men who have no principle, and if they have their only principle is that they shall have an office and they will advocate any theory that will pander to any prejudice, and will make any kind of an assertion that they will believe will be popular with the people and secure votes. (Applause.) That is another of the great dangers that threatens this country that the people are being led by men who have not nerve to do what they believe to be right, or to advise measures which they believe will be unpopular, be cause they fear that it will lose their elec tion. I had a distinguished gentleman, a man who enjoys the highest confidence of the people of this state, when a matter came up to be voted upon .in the Congress of the United States, to say this to me. I asked him why not vote against this thing, it is all wrong, I shall do it, and he replied: "Yes, I would do it, too, if I was in your fix, but I am afraid." And that is the condition of nine out of ten of them. (Prolonged ap plause.) (Mr. Wilder ' was la Congress from March 4, 1883, to March 4, 1887.) It had by almost common consent been regarded that war, pestilence and famine were the great particular ills that dis tress mankind and coming either singly or collectively they were a literal Pan dora's box. But here comes a business, commercial national banker, in the great kingdom of Texas, from the southwestern portion of our country, who deliberately declares that there "is not such a menace to free institutions and to popular government as the organizations that we have to-day of labor against capital." , Why, ex-Congressman Miller even sadly complains of his last year's Democratic state convention in Texas, because it was foolish enough to resolute against the na tional banking system, which "only pre supposes the existence of a national debt," which "Is no class privilege, for any five persons can put themselves together and organize a national bank." A counterpart of the foregoing delecta ble doctrine may be found in Whitelaw Reid's New York Tribune of May 12, 1891, which sustains the twin-companion of the political fungus the national banking system to wit, the beatific McKlnley act of October 1, 1800. Here is the matter: The new tariff has been winning favor. It has been a great revelation to millions of voters to discover that prices of necessaries of life affected by the tariff have not been enhanced, that nearly all artioles of that na ture are already so far supplied by domes tic production that the duty does not affect the price in the least, and that the foreign producers have been obliged in almost every instance to reduce the prices of those articles which were largely imported and on which duties were advanced, thus paying the addi tional duties themselves. Facts of this na ture by the thousand come to men in their dally experience, and they produce a power ful impression in favor of the protective policy. A great army of voters, who were cheated by false statements last November, have found it out and are justly indignant. In almost every part of the country, more over, new factories, shops, mills and mines have been opened, offering employment to more workers on account of the better pro tection secured. The people all around every such new center of industry are noting the change and learning the true cause. Another influence of great weight for the Republican party has been the financial un certainty, calling attention constantly to the wild and dangerous schemes against which the country is protected only by a Republican president and Senate. Experience since last November has taught multitudes what free coinage of silver would mean and how it would affect their interests. The depression in many kinds of industry and trade which immediately followed the triumphs of a Farmers' Alliance with the Democratic party in many states and the election of a House overwhelmingly Demo cratic made men appreciate the fact that in such an alliance there was great .danger to all business interests. The outgo of gold, whether due in any measure or not to appre hension of bad legislation next winter, has taught men how easily the nation might be denrived of all use of the money current throughout the civilized world, if the power to meat such emergencies were not intrusted to a competent and strong Republican states man. Through both the fortunes and tue mis fortunes of the country, its triumphs and its anxieties have combined to show how neces sary to its prosperity is a resolute mainte nance of Republican principles. The peo ple realize that the administration of Presi dent Harrison has been efficient, faithful and clean. The President's message in De cember was a beginning of change in thou sands of minds. It was one of those calm and sinoere appeals, which recall multitudes to their eonviotiona of duty; it reminded people that they had not yet found out what Conirrees had done, whether good or bad, nor had time to ascertain the practical work ings of any important measure. 'i The foregoing from the great monetary northeast, violently, by Implication, con demns labor organizations, with as much acute keenness as does patriot Miller, of Texas, for each bears the flavor of pater nal legislation brought to the point of protecting money mongers and privileged manufacturers, who had the fat fried out of them. But here is the voice of the President at Portland, Oregon, on his late swing around the circle. As I have said in other places, for one, I am thoroughly discontented with the present condition of things. I believe it the duty of the national government to take suoh steps as will restore the American merchant ma rine. I cannot but believe and such inspir ing presences as this but kindle and confirm my belief that we are come to a time when this nation should look to the future and step forward bravely and courageously in new lines of enterprise. The Nicaraugua canal should be completed. Our harbors should have adequate defense. That this river of yours should be made safe and deep so that the waiting commerce may come without obstruction to your wharves is to be desired. Benjamin Harrison, as a disciple of the Prince of Peace, seemingly forgets in his haste to advocate numerous subsidies for the benefit of organized trusts and hoary syndicates, that In these schemes there Is nothing that invokes a high regard for the golden rule, or an appreciation of a system of government that gives any recognition of the Fatherhood of God or the brotherhood of man. . In saying "Our harbors should have adequate defense," does he propose to Ignore arbitration of difficulties between national governments through a peace congress? "No war, nor battle's sound was heard the earth around;" ought not this to be sweet music to his religious ears? Is he "discontented with the pres ent condition of things" because his theory of government tends to make the rich still richer, while inevitably the poor must needs become poorer? He who deliberately advocates the per petuity of the McKlnley tariff act; who prates about one kind of a United States dollar being poorer than another dollar of the same nation's stamp, and who favor hundreds of millions of dollars to be paid by the government for many ships of war, and as open subsidies to sundry shipping companies, must needs have his wall over the perversities of the inquiring, studious freeman, as does Mr. Miller, of Texas, over the menacing labor organizations, and of the New York Tribune, that there are so few supporters of the Harrison administration in the halls of the Fifty-second Congress. But let this precious trio in all their recollections fail not to carefully remem ber that the good time Is coming; that ever the right comes uppermost and that finally justice will be done, by reason of the patriotic citizen being ready to practically believe that, "ne who would be free, himself must strike the blow." In. America, oft have we sung, lo, many a year: Sweet land of liberty, Of thee we sing. Land of the pilgrim's pride, Land where our fathers died, On every mountain side, . Let freedom ring. And so, in ringing out the old and ringing in the new, we relegate Messrs. Hardson, Jliller and. Beld to their true places in human history. The attention of The Advocate's read ers, Is called to the liberal prize offer of Mr. George G. Steketee, as set forth In another column. It presents an excel lent opportunity for some Industrious person to make $25 at a very small out lay of time and labor. In our business relations with Mr. Steketee we have found him thoroughly reliable and prompt to meet his obligations. He does what he promises.