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0 OVER CAPITALIZATION., The old party papers, the subsidized organs of the calamity producers are continually -' shrieking prosperity! prosperity! They boast of the unpre cedented increase of our national wealthy and shout the praises of our Aits-representatives in the Congress of the United States, who have en abled a moneyed plutocracy to absorb the lion's share. So persistent have been these minions of the money power in this boasting of our rapid increase of wealth that many have been deceived, even among intelli gent reformers. We are told that the aggregate wealth of the United States today, exceeds the total wealth of the world at any time prior to the 18th century. In a certain sense, this may be true, but the figures given in our census reports are certainly calculated to mislead. The values given, are to a large extent only legal fictions. That actual values have increased beyond precedent, we are not dis posed to dispute, but under our pres ent system of over capitalization, we have no accurate measure by which our agregate wealth can be deter mined. All values are given in dol lars, and under our present system of finance, based upon our indebtedness, instead of onr wealth, the'dollar can no tbe regarded as a true measure. All actual values are created by productive labor and take the form of taxable property, The labor in vested in the creation of this property is the only true measure of its actual value, and under any kind of a monetary system, we could only approximate its value in dollars. But, accepting the dollar as a true measure, our census reports are still calculated to mislead, as the various forms of productive securities, on which the people pay interest, are accounted as a part of our aggregate wealth. The volume of this so called wealth, exceeds that of the taxable property of the country, while instead of being wealth in any true sense, it represents only the legal power to exact usury from the wealth pro ducers. Without doubt our actual wealth is rapidly increasing, but, fictitious cap ital drawing interest, is increasing much more rapidly. We must learn to draw the line between actual values and legal values. A railroad is an actual value, but the stocks represent ing that value add nothing to the value of the road. They merely rep . resent its power to collect dividends, in addition to an equitable compen sation for the service that it renders to the people by transporting persons and products. This principle applies to the water, as well as the genuine stocks. In its nature it is a debt, and so far as the wealth producing masses are concerned, it represents their poverty. All other capitalistic enter prises are established on the same principles, and are designed to be come, in effect, permanent interest bearing debts, upon which the people must pay interest and dividends. . In order to arrive at a correct state-1 ment of the aggregate wealth of the nation, all inflated valuations, which represent only the power to exact usury ought to be eliminated. In their nature they come under the head of over capitalization, and hence constitute no part of our actual wealth. To include them in any statement of our resources is calculated to mislead. Our actual wealth, is the measure of our ability to pay, while interest bearing securities, of every name and character, represent only our incum brances. Why should they be in cluded in any statement of our aggre gate national wealth. THE ALLIANCE IN CONGRESS. The Supreme Council of the F. A. and I. U. at Indianapolis adopted a resolution requesting Alliance mem bers of Congress to stand aloof from the old parties and they did so. The nine representatives nominated and elected as Alliance candidates proved themselves to be Alliance men when they got into Congress, and refused to wear a party collar. But one of these came from the South, the Alli ance candidate for speaker Hon. Thos. Watson of Georgia. Other representatives were there who claimed to be Alliance men and could not have been elected but for Alliance votes. But these were nomi nated by Democratic conventions and as a matter of course they went into the Democratic caucus, and at the dictates of that caucus voted for Crisp who had openly declared that "the Alliance must be put down." These members were doubtless pledged to support Alliance demands and will probably do so to some ex tent, until the party caucus deems it best to call a halt They are Demo crats first and Alliance men after wards. They were nominated and elected as Democrats and it is not to be expected that they will sever their allegiance to that party in order to secure the success of Alliance princi ples. They may work earnestly for Alliance principles inside of the Dem ocratic party, but the majority is against them and hence as represen tatives they will be useless to the Alliancs men who made their election possible. This is a most valuable lesson for reformers everywhere. Nothing can be accomplished by fusion. A rep resentative who was not elected by an independent party against the old party machinery, no matter how honest he may be, he cannot be relied upon to accomplish any great good for his constituents. He must obey the dictates of the party machine which made him its candidate, or the machine will crush him whenever it suits its purposes to do so. This has been the fate of every Republican and Democratic Congressman in the past who tried to champion the interests of the great plain people of the coun try. . The party machines have whip ped them back into the party traces, or prevented their return to Congress. Every reasonably well posted reader will recall instances of this kind. So far as we are concerned, we never eqpected any great things from Alliance men ' who had been nomi nated by Democratic conventions, bocausa we knew that the party machine belonged to the enemies of the Alliance and that they would not hesitate to punish any rebellion against their dictates. If the wealth producers and legtimate business of the country, want to have their inter ests truly represented in Congress, they must elect men who are under no obligations to either one of the old party machines for their election. The only way to accomplish any re sult worth working for, is to take an independent, manly stand for the right, and then march forward, keep ing in the middle of the road. The people of Kansas took this independ ent, manly stand in 1800, and hence their representatives in Congress can afford to be independent. They feel that they are the representatives of an independent party and are under no obligations to the old party machines. WEIGHTY PROBLEMS. From the editorial columns of the Globe-Democrat of the 8th insi, we clip the following paragraph: The Globe-DemMtraVi Interviewing corps was turned loose In Washington yesterday to some purpose, as will be seen from the lengthy dis patch telling the result This business ot Inter viewing en masse was originated by the Globe Democrat, and while many newspapers 1b New York and elsewhere have attempted to follow our lead In the matter, none have been suc cessful. Turning to the telegraphic page, we find the mighty problems presented by the reporter to the assembled states men of the nation for solution. They are as follows: RETURN TO THE RII'ORTKR. 1. How old was George Washington at the time ot his retirement, after having served eight years as president? 2. How many ofllces were Included in the cabinet of George Washington, and what were they? 3. How long did Thomas Jeffersom live after the close ot his second presidential term? 4. When was the nary department created, and who was the first secretary of the navy? 5. When was the postmaster general made a cabinet office, and who was the first postmaster general who was also a cabinet o nicer? 6. When was the interior department created, and who was the first secretary of the interior? 7. Who was the first chief Justice of the United States? 8. What chief Justice of the United States served the longest period, and how long did be serve? 9. What speaker of the House of Representa tives served the longest In that capacity, and how long did he serve? 10. now many ex-presidents ot the United States died on the 4th of July, and who were they? 11. Had any president ot the United States, previous to his election to that office, been speaker of the House of Representatives? Give name or names. 12. Who was the first speaker of the House of Representatives? 13. When were the lint ten amendments to the constitution adopted? 14. What article of the constitution of the United States prescribes the method of choosing a president by electors? The Globe-Devwcrat force has been searching through the cyclope dias for six months for information upon which to base this series of questions. Members of Congress and sedate Senators, irrespective of party or previous condition of servitude, were presented with this formidable array of interrogations in the midst of the many duties pressing upen their attention at the opening of the ses sion, and they were expected to stop and answer before proceeding further. Quite a number undertook the task with varying results. Others politely excused themselves for want of time, while others again, justly indignant at the character of the interview, re sented it in an approximately fitting manner. If the first man approached by the reporters had taken him upon the toe of his boot and landed him in the middle of the street, he would have rendered the country a service that would largely atone for many possible shortcomings during the en suing session. The answers to . the questions are thus referred to in another editorial paragraph: The special dispatch printed In to-day's fihbe Democrat, giving the work of our interviewing corps In Washington yesterday, makes 23,t9 words. The Western Union company brought it all through in first-class shape. The country is now supposed to be safe. While much valuable (?) time has been consumed by the staff of the Globe-Democrat in formulating these weighty questions upon which the fu ture destiny of our country must be presumed to depend, it is either as ignorant as an oyster of the infamous character of the legislation of the last thirty years, or it is itself as in famous as Satan in knowingly sus taining a party that is responsible for it. The triumph of Mr. Crisp of Geor gia in the contest for the speakership of the House in the Fifty-second Con gress seems to be regarded by the old party papers as a victory for the Hill element in the Democratic party. It is a fact well known among the poli ticians of the South that Mr. Cleve land's attitude on the silver question would lose him almost the entire elec toral vote of that section, and it is hoped by securing the nomination of some other man, probably Hill, to hold the south in him. The boasted tariff reform idea of the Democratic party has certainly received a sure back set in the defeat of Mr. Hill. On what line does. the Democratic party propose to go before the country next year any way ? What kind of a sham battle do they propose to fight with the Republicans for the purpose of deceiving the people? By a vote of 8 to 2, last Wednesday even'ng the common council of Kansas City Kan. passed an ordinance to sub mit to the people a proposition to pur chase the plant of the Consolidated Electric Light and Power Company The special election will be held on Tuesday the 20th inst. This indi cates the trend of thought on municipal questions. Let us hope that we may soon see the end of our present sys tem of corporate control over public franchises. A Woman's Alliance was organized at the Dutton House on Thursday last. Mrs. M. H. McLallin was chosen president, Mrs. D. L Furbeck, vice president; Mrs. E. Lathrop, sec retary; and Mrs A. Combes, treasurer. This is the real woman's movement. Women are especially the sufferers from oppressive economie conditions and it is only by organization that they can make their influence felt in the cause of reform. See our new clubbing offer on page eleven. If you wish to keep posted you can not afford to miss our Wash ington articles during the present eccsion of Congress.