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TX&n ADVCOATH OFFCJAL DIRECTORY. NATIONAL FARMERS' ALLIANCE AND INDUSTRIAL UNION. Present L. I Vouc.Wasbinfrton.D.C. Vice President H. L. LourKS, Huron, 8. D. 8retry J. FI. TvnNKB. Washington, DC. Lociurer J. F. Willit.h, McLouth, Kan. KANSAS FARMERS' ALLIANCE AND INDUSTRIAL UNION. President W. H. BIddle, Angusta Vloe President Mrs. P. It. Vlkory, Emporia Secretary J. B. French, Topeka Treasurer A. C. Easter, Rurllngama Lecturer R. M Scott, Mcr"hersoo AM't Lecturer.. Mrs. F. McCormlck. Great Bend SOME THOUGHTS ON MONEY. To Editor of Thi Advocate. - From the New Nation of December 5, 1891, 1 clip the following: The readers of the New Nation will do well to remember that the People's party is sot as ideal organization from the stand point of nationalism. It ia a reform body with its face set against trusts, monopolies, ad Wall street, and as such commands re spect. In Massachusetts the People's party has gone farther in the line of nationalism than in any other state. In its platform no lees than eight planks out of fourteen have a nationalistic flavor. The west has not yet reached such high ground. The February meeting at St. Louis will be awaited with dsfip interest, and it is very easy to see how if cnwif e counsels prevail and the line of battle decided upon is simply of a currency reform order, that not only nationalists but the labor contingent would look elsewhere for political affiliations. A great party can not be built upon the ruins of over-due mortgages;" because, if they were paid to day, demoralizing riches and dire poverty would still exist in this country. The peo ple are beginning to demand change in our eoonomio system, and no party can gain a foothold secure enough to fight effectively capital and the entrenched trusts and in dustries upon a plank the width of a green back dollar. A majority of the voters of this country cannot go single file on so slender a plank across the abyss of a vicious political economy, which has already placed over 60 per cent of the wealth of the richest country on the globe into the hands of less than 1 per cent, of the population, which 1 per cent, pays lees than 25 per cent, of the taxes. A reformed currency will be a great relief ; but it cannot do it all. Let the west and the south think these things over in all soberness. The factor usury Is responsible for the accumulation of wealth in the hands of the few. The sting of wealth, and the power of money to oppress, la money's Interest drawing attribute. Take away from money the power to absorb the earnings cf labor through the medium of interest, and all must work or starve. I quote from the New Nation: In this old nation, not only doea wealth devour poverty, but wealth devours wealth, and, year by year, the assets of the nation ltu more and more swiftly and completely Into the hands of a few score individuals out of 05,000,000 people. What accomplishes this but money, or Interest in its various forms? Give a peopb free money or public money, and the nationalization of the money, thus ejected, will give labor its total product, lc;a the ' cost in labor of the service of distribution, that must be performed under nationalization as well as under individualism. Give us free money and then will to a great extent come to pass the following eloquent forecast of the New Nation: In the New Nation, the debauching in fluence of wealth being banished, and the people raised to a real equality by equal creation and resources, a true democratic cs3 popular government will become possi ble as it never was before. For the first Urns in history the world will behold a true republic, rounded, full-orbed, complete, a republic, social, industrial, political. Now while it may be true, or at least possible, that I as a nationalist lay too much stress upon the financial reforms demanded by the People's party, the fict remains that I consider the proposed changes in our monetary system as being a far greater progress In the direction of nationalism, than does the writer whose expressions I am criticising. I shall essay, as briefly as possible, to indicate my reason for believing that a monetary system that would issue money direct to the people, at the cost of issue, would bring about nationalistic results under an Individualistic regime. It may be well to remark at the outset that the great majority of the rank and file of the People's party advocate national owner ship and operation of all lines of trans portation and communication and the municipalization of all "natural monopo lies" in the cities and towns. Briefly epitomized, nationalism pro poeeslhat all men shall work, to the best of their ability, and be rewarded accord ing to their needs. .Nationalism proposes that all men must work In order to eat, and that all who thus work shall receive the results of their labor less the labor cost of distribution. What factors, under the present system, enable men to live in idleness and yet absorb a goodly por tion of the wealth produced by those who do work? The answer is rent, in terest and profit. (Leaving "natural mo nopolies" out of the question, they not being governed by competition.) Now, without entering into a lengthy dissertation to prove why such assertions are true, I shall simply formulate the following propositions as being basic, Immutable and true. First All investments are counted good, bad or indlfierent, as they return profits less, equal to, or more than the legal current rate of interest obtainable for money. Second The competition of landlords, one with another, has a tendency to con stantly provide an available supply of building? at a rental equal to, or below the level of the prevalent current rate of interest cn money. Third Competition among merchants and manufacturers tends in the direction of the limitation of profits to a per cent equal to or less than the common rate of Interest upon money. Fourth The rate of Interest upon money Is taken out of the domain of competition by the operations of a cun ningly devised monetary system which places in the hands of a few corporations the absolute control of the volume of money and makes them the sole avenue of Issue and the sole arbiters of the rate of Interest to be paid for the use of such money. Fifth The People's party proposes to take away from these corporations and banking Institutions these powers and restore them to the people whose pre rogative they solely are. The people will then, as a community, issue direct to themselves as individuals, money at cost of issue. Such cost of issue will at once become the legal current and pre vailing rate of tax or interest for money, Now, if under the present system, wtth interest at 7 per cent., rent, Interest and profit, absorb 21 per cent, of the products of labor under the new system the ab sorption by such factors will not exceed 5 per cent, which Is perhaps as low a per cent as would be absorbed by the de tails of distribution under even a nation tionalistlc form of government I shall be glad to have pointed out to me wherein I am at fault In my conclu sions. Geo. G Ward. Kansas City, Mo. Lowest rates and every accommoda tion to borrowers on good farm loans In eastern Kansas. Special low rates on large loans. Write or see us before mak ing your renewal. T. E. Bowman a Co, U6 West Sixth St, Topeka, TED REMIW nitrtic UASBKHuSlDVimi SUCCESS uiibijiD Tire t rs? oa vsnnc 1 EH SllE EVERYWHERE Emm NrtPAMO ST.ievit MO. Union Iron Works, Kansas City, Mo., manufacture a full line of machinery for grain elevators, and furnish plans and specifications for building and machinery. Also manufacture portable sheller for steam power, and guarantee large capac ity, no waste and clean corn. For par ticulars address, Union Iron Works, 1321 West Eleventh street, Kansas City, Mo. A Great Railroad. By the absorption of the Chicago & Atlantic Hallway between Marlon and Chicago, the Erie has at last effected its entrance into Chicago, and now occupies the proud position of being the only line between Chicago and New York en tirely under one managment. One result of this Is the arrangement whereby all the through trains of the Erie are now run solid between Chicago and New York without change. Pas sengers holding thro jgh tickets, whether first or second class, are able to go from Chicago to New York without changing cars. Pullman's most modern sleeping cars are run on all through trains via this line, and on their vestibule limited, Pull man's dining cars. No extra fare charged on this train. In fact, the rates via the Erie, are lower than via any other route offering equal facilities. Ingersoll on California. In a recent magazine article, Mr. Er nest Ingersoll, the noted writer, says: The climate of southern California in winter closely resembles that of Egypt. Its equability is constant, and its dryness is proverbial. The only complaint made is, that it is too nearly perfect. Residents bred in the" eastern states confess now and then that a rousing storm would give them a grateful sensation. But this sentiment meets with no favor from the man who has just fled from a superfluity of wetness and chilling gales. To him perpetual summer seems perpetual paradise, and to the invalid dreading the advance of disease the still and arid atmosphere is as the breath of life. The most comfortable way to reach the Pacific coast is via Santa Fe Rout. Weekly excursions In Pullman tourist sleepers at low rates. Apply to O. T. Nicholson, 0. P. & T. A., Topeka, Kas., for folder KANSAS CITY TO TOLEDO. Without Chang of Can via Wabash Railroad. A solid train composed of the finest sleeping and chair cars in the world is now running on the Wabash railroad from Kansas City to Toledo, leaving Kan sas city every day at 620 p. m., arriving in Toledo at 4:15 next afternoon, passing through the cities of Jacksonville, Spring field, Decatur, Danville, Lafayette, Lo gansport, Fort Wayne, Defiance to To ledo. No other train out of Kansas City runs a solid train as far east as the Wa bash. This fast Wabash train arrives In New York at 4:00 p, m. the second after ternoon from Kansas City. There la no extra charge on this fast train. We will reserve your sleeping car accommoda tions through to destination by applying at Wabash ticket office, northwest corner Ninth and Delaware streets, Kansas City, or write or telegraph to H. N. Garland, western passenger agent 'CHEW and GIY1GKE untaxed HATURAL LEAF TOBACCO FOR toV PRIC KS WRITE TO HEBIWETHfeK A CO.. Clarkatllle, Tenn. REFORM PRKS3 ADVERTISING AGENCY. Kansas City, Missouri. GEO. C. WARD, - - Manager. Advertisements solicited and received for re form newspapers published la territory tributary to Kansas City. Collections of amounts due for such advertisements made and remitted to pub lishers of papers, less the agreed commission, files of all papers and rate cards should be for warded at once. Correspondence solicited. Ref erences furnished If required. Address Geo. C. Ward, 1028 Virginia Ave., Kansas Pity, Mo. 0 fseil Ycur Produce at rom WHEN YOU CAN 0 .!! A D.U.. I In, La 1213011 1 lB a 061161 LUIA&li WE RECEIVE AND SELL BUTTER, EGGS, POULTRY, VEAL, HAY, GRAM, BROOM CORN, WOOL, HIDES, POTATOES, ' GREEN AMD DRIED FRUITS. Off AXYTNIN3 YOU MAY HAVE TO SHIP. Quick sales at the highest market price and prompt returns made. Write us for prices, tags, ship ping directions or any information you may want. SUMMERS. MORRISON & CO.. Commission Merchants, 174 So. Water St., Chicago. fiefereaee Metropolitan National Bsnk.CbJcago THE FARMER'S SIDE, " Where we are, how we got here, and the way out." By Hon. W. A. PEFFER, V. B. SENATOR FROM KANSAS. 12 mo, cloth Price, 91.00. There is a demand for a comprehensive and authoritative book which shall represent the farmer, and set forth his condition, the influ ences surrounding him, and plans and prospects for the future. This book has been written by Hon. W. A. Peffer, who was elected to the United States Senate from Kansas to succeed Senator Ingalls. Tho title is The Farmer's Sids, and this indicates the purpose of the work. Ia the earlier chapters, Senator Peffer de scribes the condition of tho farmer in various parts of the country, and compares it with the condition of men in other callings. He carefully examines the cost of labor, of living, the prices of crops, taxes, mortgages, and rates of interest, lie gives elaborate tables ehowing the increase of wealth in railroads, manufactures, banking, and other forms of business, and he compares this with the earnings of the farmer, and also wage-workers in general. In a clear, forcible style, with abundant citations of facts and fig ures, tho author tells how tho farmer reached his present unsatisfactory condition. Then fol lows an elaborate discussion of 44 The Way out," which is the fullest and most authoritative pres entation of the aims and views of the Farmers' Alliance that has been published, including full discussious of the currency, the questions of interest and mortgages, railroads, the sale of crops, and other matters of vital consequence. This book is the only one which attempts to cover the whole ground, and it is unnecessary to emphasize its value. It is a compendium of the facts, figures, and suggestions which the fanner ought to have at hand. Thi Fauci' s Sisi has just been issued, and makes a handsome and substantial book of 280 pages. We have arranged with the pub lisher! for its sale to our readers at the pub lishers' price. The book may be obtained at our office, or we will forward copies to any address, post-paid, on receipt of $1.00 per copy. We have also made arrangements bywbtch we ran give this book and a year's subscription 1 a Th adyocati for $1.75. Address ; ADVOCATE PU81ISH1KQ CO., Topska. Xaa.