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Devoted to the Interests of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and Other Kindred Organizations.
VOL. III. NO. 19. TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1891. Sl.OD PER YEAR. SOMETHING MORE CONCERNING MR. WARD'S PLATFORM. To the Editor of Thb Advocate. In connection with my platform, Bet of demands, or declaration of principles, published on the third page of this issue, it will be interesting to note the fact that the state of Missouri now has upon its statute books in force throughout the state a law which, under the title, "An act to increase the duties of the board of railroad commissioners, changing the name of said board, providing for the or ganization of public warehouses, and to regulate the warehousing and Inspection of grain in public warehouses in the state of Missouri," provides every detail required by the sub-treasury plan, except the "chean money." or money at a low rate v8f Interest:' Under the provision of this act every warehouse, elevator and granary of 50,000 bushels capacity and over is constituted a "public warehouse," and as such, has to give a bond to the state; running from $2,500 for a capacity of 50,000, to $100, 000 for a capacity exceeding 1,000,000 bushels; thus becoming a "bonded ware house." In addition to this, the proprie tor, lesee or manager, must procure a li cense from the circuit court of the county in which said warehouse is situated be fore transacting any business. The state board of railroad and warehouse commis sioners is charged with the supervision of the execution of the details of the law, thus placing such bonded warehouses directly under the supervision and con trol of the state. Under the "immediate direction of the board of railroad and warehouse commissioners of the state of Missouri," a chief inspector of grain, ap pointed by such order, has a general supervision of the inspection of grain, as required by the law. Such chief inspec tor must take an oath of office, and exe cute a bond to the people of the state of Missouri in the sum of $50,000, condi tional that he will pay all damages to any person or persons who maybe injured by reason of his neglect, refusal or failure to comply with the law and the rules and regulations of this act." The deputy chief inspector and all assistant Inspec ton must each take the same oath of office as does the chief Inspector, and execute a bond in the penal sum of $10,000, with like conditions as the bond given by the chief inspector. ' Section 44 reads thus: Sxc. 44. The commissioners, as soon after the passage of thiaact as is practica ble, shall establish a proper number and standard of grade for the inspection of grain, with due regard to the prevailing usages of the markets of this state, the in terests of both producers and dealers, and aa near as may be to conform with the stan dards of grade adopted by reputed leading markets of the United States: Provided, no modifications or changes of grades shall be made or any new ones established without publio notice being given of subh contem plated changes, for at least twenty days prior thereto, by publication in three daily newspapers (one of which shall be printed in German) printed in this state; and pro vided, further, that no mixture of old and new grades, even though designated by the same name or diatinction.shall be permitted while in store. The law is a lengthy one, but at the risk of occupying too much space, I shall give sections 15 to 21 In full, and advise all who are interested to procure from the Hon. A. A. Lesneur, secretary of state at Jefferson City, Missouri, a copy of the full text of the Law:, .,, Szc. 15. Upon application of the owner or consignee of grain stored in a public warehouse, the same being accompanied with evidence that all charges which may be a lien upon Buch grain, including charges for inspection, have been paid, the ware house men shall issue to the person entitled thereto a warehouse receipt therefor, sub ject to the order of the owner or consignee, which receipt shall bear date corresponding with the receipt of the grain into store, and shall state upon its face the quantity and in spected grade of the grain, and that the grain mentioned in it has been received into store to be stored away with the grain of the same grade by inspection received at about the date of the receipt, and that it is deliverable upon the return of the receipt properly indorsed by the person to whose order it was issued, and upon the payment of the charges accrued for storage. All warehouse receipts for grain issued from the same warehouse shall be consecutively numbered, and no two receipts bearing the same number shall be issued from the same warehouse during any one year, except in case of a lost or destroyed receipt, in which case the new receipt shall bear the same date and number as the original, and shall be plainly marked upon its faoe, "dupli cate." If the grain for which the receipts are issued was received from railroad cars, the number of each car shall be rtated in the receipt, with the amount each car con tained; if by boat, barge or other vessel, the name of such craft; if from wagons or other means, it shall be so stated; if having been bulked from sacks, the manner of its receipt shall be stated upon the faoe of such receipt for grain stored. Sec. 16. No warehouse receipt shall be issued except upon actual delivery of grain into store in the warehouse from which it purports to be issued, and which is to be represented by the receipt; nor shall any re ceipt be issued for a greater quantity of grain than was contained in the lot stated to have been received; nor shall more than one receipt be issued for the same lot of grain except in caaea where receipt for part of lot is deeired, Mid than the K?rc?.ia ra oeipta for a particular let shall coyc? ' tliat lot and no more. la cas 'wh&ra a yut cf . .v : the grain represented by the receipts is de livered out of store and the remainder is left, a new receipt may be issued for such remainder; but such new receipt shall bear the same date as the original, and shall state on its face that it is the balance of receipt of the original number, and the receipt upon which a part has been de livered shall be canceled in the same man ner as if the grain it called for had all been delivered. In case it be desirable to divide one receipt into two or more, or in case it be desirable to consolidate two or more re ceipts into one, and the warehouseman con sents thereto, the original receipt shall be canceled the same as if the grain had been delivered from store; and the new receipts shall state on their face that they are parts of other receipts, or a consolidation of other receipts, as the case may be; and the numbers of the "original receipts shall also appear upon the new ones issued explaining the change; but no consolidation of receipts of dates differing more than ten days shall be permitted, and all new receipts issued for old ones canceled as herein provided shall bear the same dates as those originally issued, as near as may be. Sec. 17. No warehouseman under this act shall insert in any receipt issued for grain received any language in anywise limiting or modifying his responsibility or liability as imposed by the laws of this state. Sec. 18. Upon delivery of grain from store upon any receipt, such receipt shall be plainly marked across its faoe with the word "cancelled," with the name of the person canceling the same, and shall there after be void and shall not again be put in circulation, nor shall grain be delivered twice upon the same receipt. Sxc. 10. Warehouse receipts for property stored in warehouses created by this act as herein described shall be transferable by the indorsement of the party to whose order suoh a receipt may be issued, and such in dorsement shall be deemed a valid transfer of the property represented by suoh receipt, and may be made either in blank or to the ! order of another. Sxc. 20. Any warehouseman of any pub lio warehouse created by this act, employs in such warehouse, or owner or manager connected with same, who shall be guilty of issuing any warehouse receipt for any property not actually in store at the time of issuing suoh receipt, or who shall be guilty of issuing any warehouse receipt in any re spect fraudulent in its character, either as to its date or the quantity, quality or in spected grade of such property, or who shall remove any property from store (ex cept to preserve it from fire or other sudden danger) without the return and cancella tion of any and all outstanding receipts that may have been issued to represent such property, shall, when convicted there of, be guilty of a felony, and shall suffer, in addition to other penalties prescribed by this act, imprisonment in the penitentiary for not leea than one nor more than ten years. - Seo. 21. Upon the return of any ware house receipt issued by persons in charge of warehouses created by this aot, and the de mand for the delivery of property repre sented by "such receipt duly indorsed, (If not presented by original holder,) accom panied by the tender of all proper charges upon the property represented, such prop erty shall be immediately deliverable to the holder of such receipt, and it shall not be subject to further charges for storage after demand for such delivery shall have been made, and deliveries shall be made by the warehouseman in the order in which such receipts are presented and demand for de liveries made. Now, what I would like to know Is this: Just what are the limits and bound of "paternalism?" Where does it bcfa and where, does it end? If this, the Democratic law of the Democratic state of Missouri is not paternalistic in its nature and effects, would the fact that the state stood ready, with a state bank, to loan money upon the bonded ware house receipts, render the whole system obnoxious to the charge of "paternal ism?" And if yes, why so? And If no, why may not the whole people, as a government, loan money upon the abso lute security of state bonded warehousa receipts. Geohoe C. Ward. Kansas City, Mo. National Labor Conference. All persons who desire to attend the National Labor conference at St. Louia February 22, 1892, are requested to com municate with roe at once. I have been selected by the delesatea of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union of Kana&a to arrange for rates, route and hotel ac commodations for the Kansas party. J. B. Fbexch, Secrectary F. A. &. I. U. of Kansas. 8PECIAL NOTICE. We are receiving numerous re quests from our friends who have been raising clubs for Tnx Advocate that they be allowed to send in addi tional names at club rates. We can not grant these requests. The low price at which we are offering the pa per, and the great amount of work necessary to take care of the sub scriptions as fast as they come in, render it absolately imperative that we hold our friends to a strict com plianco with the terms of our oiler, viz: Ten names or more at one tima for 50 cents each till November 10, 1602. If only five names are e:nt they must be accompanied by $3.00, three names $2. Extra namts cannot H credited on next club.