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3 lng act, refunding acta, and the demone tization of ellyer, has been manipulated to the double robbery and debasement of abor. Resurrect the greenbacks, and with them deBtroy the destroyer, and never have a "national debt again. Iniquity breeds Iniquity. The striker and the nihilist are the counterpart of debt and usury. Destroy the latter, and the former will become good citizens. "One touch of nature makes the whole world kin." Liberty enlightening the world, would not the be a monstrosity. Eu rope would see the light, thrones would fall; national debts would be transformed Into money; there would be no Injustice to uphold, and standing armies would scatter In the pursuits of Industry. The pauper labor question would be settled. "And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears Into prun ing hooks; nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." "Till the war drum throbbed no longer, And the battle flags were furled la the parliament of men, 4 The federation of the world." The battle of human rights is on. The victory must comport with justice. God condemned usury must be destroyed. "They enslave their children's chil dren who make compromise with sin." Professor de Laveleye, economist of Belgium, says: ''There must be for hu man affairs an order which is the best. That order is by no means always the existing one; else why should we all de sire change in the latter? But it Is the order that ought to exist for the greatest happiness of the human race. God knows it, and desires Its adoption, It la for man to discover and establish it. H. W MlULEB. Kansas City. THE ECONOMIES OF INDUSTRIAL MAN AGEMENTS. From the Railway Review. The following excerpts from an ad dress lately delivered before an assembly at Glen Falls, N. Y., by the Rev. G. B. Gow, D. D., is of value not only by reason of the arguments advanced but as Indl catlnsr the pnblic interest which now at tends the discussion of the railroad prob lem. Want of space alone forbids the presentation of the entire address. Mr. Gow said: "Economic science has three great ques tions to answer. They are (1) What are the common affairs of mankind? (2) By whom shall they be managed? (3) What in each case shall the management be? "The subject which I have undertaken to discuss belongs under what I have de scribed as the second division of eco nomic science, that which answers the question, by whom shall the common af fairs of mankind be managed? "The question Is debated whether the management of the telephone, the tele- eTanh and the railroads should be trans ferred from private to public hands. But the movement does not stop here. There is a demand for the same transfer of all those forms of industry which are, or are likely to become, monopolies. "Men argue that It would be unwise for three reasons. First, they say, It would be unjust These establishments are pri vate property and the people have no right to take possession of them. It would be robbery to do so. In the second place, they say, these institutions could not be managed as well by the people, through any agency which they could create, as by the private Individuals and corporations which now have charge of them. In the third place, they say that If the motive of private gain were taken away from men they would not give their energies to these great enterprises. It is to the last of these three objections that I now ask attention. I assume that the first and second of the objections named have been met, and yet it may be well to point out briefly how they are met by those who advocate public control of economic affairs. In reply to the first we are reminded that It has always been a recognized principle in the social life of men that the people, through gov ernmental agencies, may take possession of what is called private property when the public welfare requires It, and with such compensation as the people may be able under the circumstances to render for the property taken. Nobody for a moment denies this principle. The second objection is as easily dis posed of already by human experience. There Is, perhaps, no more striking In stance of this than that which the history of railroads furnishes. Men say that rail roads cannot be managed by government as well as by private corporations. But they overlook the fact that really rail roads are now managed by governments. I do not refer to the fact that in some na tions of the old world the national gov ernments own the railroads and manage them better than private corporations ever did; nor to the fact that In our own country the people through their Legis latures interfere In the management of the railroads, as they do too of ten in a blundering and mischievous way mean that with which we are all familiar, that every railroad In America is man aged by a government elected by the people who own the shares or bonds of the road. The stockholders hold a cer tain elective franchise by which they may, when enough of them combine, change the personnel or form of the gov ernments of their roads, but beyond this they have no further control. The only question, therefore, when we stop to think about It carefully, is, what govern ments shall manage the railroads? A government chosen by the stockholders, or bondholders, or the directors, or the management created by the action of directors of consolidated roads, as the case may be, or a government chosen by all the people of the country? The poei tionof the stockholders would not be essentially changed in passing from one to the other, and the change would be altogether for the better. Considering to what an extent all the people have both rights and Interests Involved In the managements of the railroads, consider lng how unstable is railroad property, how uncertain the value of the coupons, and how railroad stocks are made count ers for Immense stock gambling opera tions to the detriment of everybody, there is no reason to fear that the rail roads would not be as well managed by the people through public agencies, such as the people would be compelled to es tablish, as they now are by coteries of directors over whom the stockholders have no control, and with whose manage ment ignorant legislators are continually tempted to meddle. We may, in fact, be sure that the time Is not far away when the people, including railroad stock holders, will demand a public manage ment of railroads over which they can have some real control, for the sake of the public good. That which I have now said of the railroads Is just as certainly becoming true of all those institutions which by nature or the development of economic forces are monopolies. "The only queetion,therefore, which re mains for us to consider is whether the withdrawal of the pecuniary motive to enterprise, which would be effected by the transfer of great monopolies to pub He control, would not deprive them of the energy and executive ability which now make them successful. This result is feared by a great many thoughtful per sons, to my own mma ue very oppo site effect will be sure to follow the change, whenever that change Is brought about in an orderly way and from con siderations of the publlo welfare. Here, too, human experience must be our teacher. We hear of captains of Industry. We are told that they are comparatively few in number, that they are men who have superior force, comprehensive minds, executive ability, great foresight, power to grasp details, organize and direct the labor of other men, and that without the energy, enterprise and administrative genius of these men the business of the world could no more be carried on than wars could be conducted without the great generals of whom there are so few. This Is without doubt true. "But it is said of such men that it is the prospect of great financial success which draws out their ambition and secures the output of their energy, and that if there were no opportunity for them to acquire great wealth their abilities would slumber unused and the great resources of the world remain undeveloped. But to me it does not seem so. In the first place It does not seem to me that the love of money has been the chief motive of these men. The Aston, the Vander bllts, the Rockefellers and Carnegles be come millionaires because under the economic order of the age they cannot help it. But it Is a very shallow view of the cade that makes the love of money their supreme motive. They are master f ul men. They know their own powers, Even though at the outset they may not be aware how much native ability has been born In them, the very force of It stirs within and pushes them on to action, t is the Impulse from within to do what we have the power to do, the pleasure In doing what Is worth doing, and the con sclousneas of deserving the approval of the great and good that has wrought the great things In human history. It Is this that may be depended on to bring the strongest, wisest and best men to the front in the work of the world, whatever the economic system of any age may be, "There are no doubt some men who are In politics for money; shysters, political gamblers, scavengers, thieves, but they are not the great political leaden of the land. Under a political system weak and absurd to silliness, and bo corrupt as fearfully to degrade the morals. of the whole nation, It Is nevertheless true that our greater and greatest political leaders and statesmen enter public life not for money, but knowing well that It will cost them far more money than they will re ceive; and they serve in public office, as judges, legislators and executive officers becauafithey love the activity and pre eminence of public life. "But there Is still another fact that shows conclusively that private owner ship of economic Institutions is not nec essary to their best management It Is that such institutions for the most part are not managed by their owners. Rail roads are not managed by their stock holders. Even where the directors of great lines own a majority of the stock, so that they can continue themselves in office they do not manage the road as economic institutions. The whole labor and mechanical work of the roads is done by men who receive but moderate sal aries and may not own any stock. These men do their work well as employes of public Institutions, and no better than the employes in the war, navy, postofflce and judiciary departments of govern ment Every railroad is dependent for its best managemsnt upon t certain num ber of Individuals, who may or may not be stockholders. They work for a com pensation, but they serve the companies to the best of their ability however small the compensation, provided it be such as men of their ability are wont to receive for like services, and just as faithfully and ably as they would if they owned the roads. They work partly because they want the salaries they receive and partly because they love the activity and position which their officers give them. A man like Jay Gould Is not In any strict . .fl .1-1. sense a rauroaa manager, ineoiucuus of the roads under his control manage them. Ills management Is worth noth ing to the efficiency of the roads as pub lic institutions. If he wants them efficient other men make them bo, if he wants their efficiency depreciated for stock gambling purposes other men do the miserable business at his command. These railroad kings would use their abilities for the public welfare just as energetically If the roads were public property and they were salaried officers as the Grants and Shermans use theirs for their country in the command of armies. "I am confident that one after another the great monopolies of the country will in some way be transfered from private to public control. The tendency of the times is in that direction. The exper ience of the past shows that it is possi ble. The history of trusts as well as of governments shows how it can be done. There seems to be no other solution of the economic problems of the day. These problems have their roots In hu man nature. Demagogues may make use of them for their own selfish and ambitious purposes. The wisest of re formers may make serious mistakes from which all classes will suffer. But the problems arise out of the necessities of mankind and the demand of human na ture for justice between man and man. Their only solution therefore must be found in such reorganization pf economic aSalrs as shall secure a more equitable division of the products of labor. Tost methods are proving themselves inade quate to new conditions. Every form of organization of capital against labor has proved oppressive to labor and a curse to capital. Every form of the organization of labor against capital has proved a worry to capital and a disappointment to labor. Some way must be found of or ganizing capital and labor in one system which shall at once neutralize the antag onisms now existing, and meet the high est need of all men. A system must be perfected which shall give full employ ment to all the native forces of the ma terial world, call into the freest and full est action the energies and genius of all classes of men, and distribute, it not with exact justice, at least with greatly in creased justice and satisfaction, the pro ducts of labor among the laborers. Such a system must be essentially democratic in its character. All the people and all their interests must be represented in It Human history compels us to believe that such a system is to be the outcome of human progress." Send (2.00 to C. C. Blake, Topeka, Kas., for letter of weather predictions for your locality for next twelve months. COH8UMPTIOH CURED. An old physician, retired from practice, had pitted In nls bands by an East India missionary the formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma and all Throat and Lung Affections, also a posture and radical cure forNerrous DeblUty and all Nervous Com plaints. Having tested Ita wonderful curative powers In tnouxands of cases, and desiring to re Dare human suffering, 1 will send free of charge to all who wish It, tbls receipt In German, French or Enanah, with full directions for pre- , dt addressing, per, w. a. kotos, paring and using. 8ent by mall, b witn sump, naminsf uus CO Powers' Block, , New York.