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A FINE SCHEME OF THE TWINS.
The two old twin frauds that have for over a quarter of a century con trolled the policy of this government at the behest and in the interest of Lombard and Wall street gold bugs, have concocted another of their dia bolical schemes to perpetuate the . robbery of the people. The friends of free coinage have been encour aged to hope that a law would be passed by this Congress that would restore the white metal to the posi tion it occupied from the foundation of the government up to 1873, when Johnn Sherman and his co-conspirators clandestinely and fraudulently effected its demonetization. We were told by certain reformers that the election of Speaker Crisp was a tri umph for our cause, inasmuch as it was said it would put financial ques tions, and especially the free coinage question, foremost for legislative con sideration; and yet this very Speaker Crisp appears now as one of the con spirators with Michael D. Harter to defeat free coinage legislation. How is it proposed to be done? A short time ago this man Harter sent out a secret circular intended for Demo cratic editors, and which has already been published in The Advocate, in which they are urged to remonstrate with their members of Congress against the passage of a free coinage law. In this circular Mr. Harter says: Yofl may entirely disagree with the views ex pressed in the pamphlet enclosed. Freedom of judgment in such matters belongs to every citi zen. On one thing, and that a pure matter of VOHCY, we undoubtedly do agree, which is: That it vHll be suicidal for the Democratic party to pass a free coinage bill through the House this season. You can do much to prevent it through vour editorial utterances, and especially by personal letters to such Democratic members of Congress as you happen to know. Neither the people nor the Demo cratic editors are supposed to know what they want or what they ought to petition for until word comes down from the bosses. Then their duty becomes plain. But the climax of impudence and absurdity is reached in the circular sent to old soldiers, and as we have not yet published that circular we will introduce it at this point, al though it will take some little space. It will fully repay perusal, however, and is necessary to a full understand ing of the scheme. IIOU8 OP BKPRK8BNTATIVS8,.U. 8.. 1 Washington, d. C, February 15, Wi. f To Commander of rost, Grand Army of the Republic: 8ib: A movement is now on foot which will work more injury to the veteran soldiers of the United States, than all other Influences which can ever be marshaled or brought together. I allude to the proposition to give to 371)4 grains of silver a legal tender value of 100 cents. It is eaUcd FREE COINAGE. This amount of silver bullion is worth to-day less than 70 cents and owing to the rapid increase in the produc tion of silver, it is not unlikely to fall until the value of 371K grains of sliver will be less than 60 cents. This simply means, that if a free silver bill be comes a law a veteran who now gets a pennon worth to him 14.00 per month, would receive actually but $2.80, with the chance of It going down to an actual value of 13 40. Take the ease of a soldier who is a total physical wireck and utterly unable to do for himself. Such a man gets 172.00 per month. If a free silver bill passes, while he would nominal) get the same he would really get but j0. with the strong probability that la the early future his 173 oo of monthly pension would be worth not over 1 13. 2a Un der a free coinage act, if reports of the re markable richness of the mines at Creeds, Colo rado, can be accepted as true, the mine owner at Creede would get for, say $11.00, enough silver dollars to equal what the receiver of a pension has to pay 172.00 for. You personally may not bo receiving a pension, but there are many worthy men in your Post who are, and it would appear to be a duty which you owe to them and to the cause of humanity and Justice, that you should write or telegraph at once to your mem ber of Congress, and to the Senators who repre sent you here, to oppose this scandalous measure of class legislation. It will be no waste of time or money if you both telegraphed write, nor should an hour's time be lost by you in doing so. I would suggest that you personally telegraph and write first, and that you then call a meeting of the Post and take prompt official action. Re spectfully, Michael D. IIabtkb. (Fifteenth Ohio District.) N. B. I cannot urge upon you too strongly ixstakt action. This coinage question should not be one of party politics. It rises above par tlsanshlp. The honor of the country is at stake. Its business Interests for ocean to ocean and from lake to gulf are jeapordlzed. Its good faith, not only to its living soldiers, is brought in ques tion, but If a so-called free coinage bill becomes law, the widows and orphans of the nation's dead will be robbed by the laws of the land they died to save. The law would work a monstrous wrong, for from the moment it goes on the statute book, it represents over $45,000,000 per year taken from the ex-soldiers, their widows, and their orphans. United and Instant formal aatlon on the part of your Post is clearly both duty and privilege, and as the commander of a Post your per sonal remonstrance by telegraph ought to reach your Congressman and Senator within forty-five minutes after you read this letter. The proposed law does not permit the pensioner to say whether he or she will take this debased money, but compels its acceptance by making it a legal tender. No pensioner in the land would touch it except forced to do so by a dishonor able government and an ungrateful country. The power to prevent this great wrong, the chance to protect your comrades and shield their widows and orphans is in your hands.but to make it effective you must exercise it at once de cisively. M. D. II. There are old soldiers whose intel ligeace is of such a quality that it will not be insulted by this circular. This is evident from the fact that they are responding to it in the manner de sired. But any soldier who is not in sulted by it must be quite incapable of insult from any cause. Listen to this: I allude to the proposition to give to 3713 grains of silver a legal tender value of loo cents. It is called free coinage. This amount of silver bullion Is worth to-day less than 70 cents, and, owing to the rapid production of sliver, it is not unlikely to fall until th value of 371 grains of silver will be less than 60 cents. This simply means that if a free silver bill be comes a law, a veteran who now gets a pension of $1 per month would receive actually but $2.80, with the chance of going down to an actual value of $2.40. There is more downright sophistry and absolute mendacity crowded in to the above statement than is often found in the same number of words. While 371 i grains of silver bullion are worth but 70 cents in the gold bug market, is not the silver coin, bearing the imprint of the United States mint, worth 100 cents in' gold to-day! Is the soldier's pension dis counted 30 per cent now because of the gold bug law that was framed specially to provide for this specula tion in bullion? The fallacy of this statement is apparent to the meanest intelligence from the mere statement of it, and the hypocrisy of it appears from the following: Under a free coinage act, If reports of the re markable richness of the mines at Creede, Colo rado, can be accepted as true, the mine ownerfat Creede would get for, say, 111, enough silver dollars to equal what the receiver of a pension has to pay $72 for. If there is such a tremendous prof it to the mine owner in the coinage of his silver bullion into dollars, how can there be such a tremendous loss to the soldier in receiving those same dollars for his pension! The ab surdity of tha statement .is apparent upon the face of it, and yet the "lunk heads" are forwarding their petitions as the bosses have directed. Again: Why are 371i grains of sil ver bullion worth but 70 cents to-day ! Was it subject to this discount at any time since the foundation of the gov ernment prior to its demonetization! Not only Mr. Harter, but every other man of ordinary common sense, knows it was not It is the universal testimony of the delegates of all na tions to the international monetary conferences that have been held to consider the proposition to remonetize silver, that its demonetization is the sole cause of its depreciation in the world's markets. Mr. Gibbs, one of the British delegates to the confer ence of 1878, said: The sliver coin withdrawn from circulation by Germany has become merchandise, and as, by virtue of an economic law which nobody contests, the price of any product, of any merchandise, of whatever kind it maybe, Is governed by the abundance of that merchandise, rising and fall ing according as the commodity exists in larger or smaller quantity, the price of silver must have fallen by the mere fact of German silver belwr suddenly transferred from current coin into merchandise. In the international conference of 1881 Mr. Henri Cernuschi, one of the French delegates, submitted the fol lowing among other propositions: Free coloage with unlimited forced circulation, has the effect of constituting the whole of the metal, old or new, coined or uncoined, Into a single monetary mass. The value which gold and silver might have as merchandise if no legislation adopted them as monetary masses, is not a constituent element in the value of money. Mr. Dana Horton, one of the dele gates of the United States, asks: Has not monetary law, which has created al most the entire use made of the precious metals, likewise created nearly the whole of their value. Mr. Pierson, delegate of the Nether lands, said: Silver has fallen in value, because all over Eu rope its mintage has been forbidden. Mr. Mallet, delegate from British India, said: Some important countries having taken steps to demonetize silver, the depreciation of this metal ensued. Count Rusconi, delegate from Italy, asks: Do not the precious metals lose nine-tenths of their value if they are deprived of being con verted into money? But why multiply testimony! Ev ery man of sense knows that the de monetization of silver is the cause of the depreciation of its bullion valua It was demonetized for the double purpose of rendering it a commodity in which gold bugs might gamble, and to increase the purchasing power of gold and depreciate all other val ues of property, of labor and all its products. It is to maintain this dis paragement, perpetuate the robbery of the people, and facilitate the con centration of wealth in the hands of the few, that Mr. Harter and his co conspirators seek to defeat free coin age legislation; and in the accomplish ment of this nefarious purpose he asks old soldiers who have already been robbed of one-half their legal dues by discriminating legislation, to lend the aid of their inflaence; and the party idolators at once proceed to re spond. The Washington dispatches of the 1st inst. bring the information, if the associated press , reports are to be accepted, that petitions from Grand Army poata are already pouring in from our wajtate, in compliance with Mr. Harter's circular; and the hypocritical old Capital, which is ready to favor .any thing or nothing as the bosses may dictate, says: There Is a special reason for the Republican party to feel elated over the strong feeling aroused among the old soldiers on the Bland free silver bill as indicated by the Capital's special dispatches from Washington this morning. The petitions rolling in upon Senator Perkins, and doubtless upon every other member of this Con gress, protesting against free coinage of silver, are the result of a Democratic, and not a Repub lican, appeal to the veterans. Congressman Harter, of Ohio, a sound money Democrat, and withal a very Independent gentleman in bis po litical actions, some weeks ago lusued a personal address to the Grand Army posts, pointing out clearly the folly of free silver coinage, the dis honesty of it and the loss which must accrue to every pensioner. The petitions to Senator Per kins, no doubt, are the result of this appeal. While these petitions are in the interest of Re publicanism and an endorsement of the honest and beneficent sliver law of 1890, it cannot be urged against them that the Grand Army is be ing "used" as a tool of the Republican party. It Is a matter for congratulation that the old soldiers are so sound and so deeply interested in this matter of the proposed debasement of the currency. These petitions, the Capital says, are "the result of a Democratic and not a Republican appeal to the veter ans;" and yet the Capital, which has always hitherto warned the old sol diers that these wicked Democrats were their bitter enemies, and that no legislation could be hoped for In the interest of soldiers from a Demo cratic Congress, now pats them on the back and commends their wisdom in so promptly complying with Mr. Harter's request The old humbug is really too contemptible in its blind idolatry to merit the attention of in telligent men. The Demo-Republican twins have together concocted the conspiracy to defeat the will of the people, and their truckling tools will justify this or any other abomi nation at the bidding of the bosses. Mr. Bland properly sizes up the author of the circulars as follows: Michael D. Harter, of Mansfield, was born at Canton, Ohio, April 6, 1816; has spent his busi ness life as a manufacturer and banker, and is president of the Aultman & Taylor Company; is a member of the Cobden Club, London, of the Reform Club, New York, of the Democratic Club, of the city of New York, and of the Young Men's Democratic Club, of Cincinnati. I understand by a gentleman who sits near me, the author of that circular, the promoter of the circular, is rich-far into his millions. He is a banker, holding the bonds of the govern ment, and this question Involves probably the mortgages that he holds upon these pensioners and the poor tax payers that have to pay the pensions, and he is more concerned in It than he . is in any of the pensioners of this country, or in the welfare of the poor taxpayer. The poor pensioner and the poor taxpayer say, "Save us from such millionaire friends," who are looking to depress prices and the price paid to them In order to accumulate for himself and to add to the untold wealth still further untold wealth, exacted by those who control the finances of thls-country and resist the restoration of silver to its par with gold in the circulation of this country. Applause. It is perfectly fitting that the Capi tal should approve the circulars, and commend their author. Thk third party is in favor of taxing incomes, and of making the incomes big enough to stand 1C Thus the more the people pay out in taxes the richer they will become. Fall In for more more money and bigger taxes! Empnria Re publican. The above is a fair specimen of Re publican argument It is fully up to the capacity of the average Republi can editor. It is false upon the face of it, and has nothing in it but a spirit of ridicule. It is by such insane methods that disaffected Republicans are expected to be won back to party allegience.