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H ! ! Hi ii A- ' I. t vr ,; J BBMBESll'l'".'.11!"1' 11 f ,' p"",J ynff'ifi' pinii i)iiwi urn ifi.ijui)! in ii i hi i n n i i r mn pi in n n i im iji twttmymm.inpm ri"trvf'mm "f Devoted to the Interests of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and Other Kindred Organizations. VOL. in. NO. .36. TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1892. $1.00 PER YEAR. THE EXCEPTION CLAUSE. To the Editor of The Advocate. In the issue of The Advocate of April 6, in an article entitled, "Let us Enow the Truth," you let Mr. Iligglna down very easy and nicely, but you were more charitable towards him, perhaps,-than was necessary. There is one point, how ever, that I wish to call attention to, one which, I belleve,'is generally misunder stood. The point I have reference to is with relation to the exception clause on the greenback dollar. But first I wish to lay down a proposition or two. First The principle of money is that the value of each unit of money depends upon the number of units of money in circulation, and is not influenced in any way by the character of the material upon which the money function may be stamped. Second That if the "excep tion clause had not been placed upon the greenback it never would have depre dated below the gold or silver dollar. Third That the soldier Is justly en titled to remuneration, the difference be tween the purchasing power of the money unit at the time of the establish ing of hia wages by law, and the pur chasing power of the money unit of which and at the time he received the same. Now we are willing to concede that the exception clause had the same effect upon the producer that It had upon the soldier. But the Inflation of the cur rency had an entirely different effect upon the interest of the soldier from that of the producer as will appear further on. Mr. HIggins says: The soldier was not wronged in his pay, but if there was a wrong, it was to the whole people alike, by forced purchase of gold, and anyone who sold wheat during the war is just as much entitled to be re imbursed 39 cents per bushel for his crop during those years as the soldier is to hare his pay increased to an equality with gold. Now let us see whether the soldier was not wronged in his pay. Abraham Lincoln once said: If a government contract a debt with a a certain amount of money in circulation, and then contract the money volume be fore the debt is paid, it is the most heinous crime a government could commit against a people. If that be true, it is equally true that if a government, by law, establish the amount of wages that its soldiers shall receive, when there Is a certain amount of money in circulation, and then In flate the money volume without a cor responding increase of wages, It is equally aa flagrant as In the case above quoted. The Inflation of the currency did not have the same effect upon the producers that It did upon the soldier, for the simple reason that when the currency became inflated the price cf the pro duct of the producer by the same opera tion became Inflated In the same propor tion, while the wages of the soldier, being established by law, remained the same. Then If the theory in my first proposi tion be the correct one, that the value of each unit of money depends upon the number of units In circulation; by es tablishing the soldiers wages at $13 per month when there was a certain number of money units in circulation and then Increasing the number of money units a certain per cent we thereby reduced the purchasing power of the soldier's wages in the same ratio. Yet "the soldier was not wronged in his pay" according to Mr. HIggins. During the' latter part of the war, however, the soldiers pay was Increased to $16 per month in greenbacks. With this one month's wages he could pur chase $16 in government bonds, while the government paid Shy lock, under the operation of the exception clause, the in terest on his bonds In gold, and for $10 In gold during the month of July, 1864, he could purchase $43.60 in government bonds. Now the question arises, how much did the government actually pay the soldier, and how much la still due him? Will Mr. HIggins please answer this question? "Oh, no," says Mr. Hig gins, "the soldier has not been wronged in his pay." The soldier risked his life and braved the terrors of the battle field that he might bequeath to his little ones the Inheritance of liberty, while Shy- look risked his credit (in a horn) that he might profit by the misfortune of his government. But Shylock was not satis fied with the exception clause, whereby he was paid his interest In gold, In ad vance, and furnished a cheap and depre ciated currency to purchase bonds with, depreciated from 38 to CO per cent, but must have the principal (which was originally payable in lawful money) paid in coin. And to that end with one of the most treasonable designs, the "credit-strengthening act" was foisted upon the people and became a law In March, 18C9. Gold and silver at that time bore a premium of 31 per cent above greenbacks. Thus this act added 31 cents, the differ ence between coin and greenbacks to every dollar of bonds, amounting In the aggregate to between seven and eight hundred million dollars. Tet Mr. Higgins has the audacity to say: "That he is mot ashamed of having been a Re publican," "that his life will be without a regret for any ballot which his hands have ever cast thus far." If he has no re gret for having voted the Republican ticket in the put, then he approves all that the Republican party has done, in cluding all the legislation from the date of placing the exception clause upon the greenbacks down to and including the resumption act of 1875. Justifies every thing, even the Infamous "Funding act" of April, 1866, by and through which act one billion, four hundred ' and ninety seven million dollars of the people's cur rency was contracted, taken up and de stroyed, and funded Into untaxed inter est bearing bonds, between the date of its passage and the year 1877. Mr. HIg gins further says "that he was desirous to have let the legislative acts of the sixties alone." He seems to have a secret misgiving that the "legislative aots of the sixties" are not the correct thing after ail. : ;y ... , Who, at this day, knowing the forego Ing facts, seeing the result, will doubt for a moment that it was a pre-concelved plot of the party In power in secret alli ance with the money power, who was In possession of the currency, to fund It into interest bearing bonds, and at the same time contract the currency and thereby double and treble the purchas ing power of money and all money secur ities, and In the same ratio reduce the price of property, labor and the product of all labor. Is It then any wonder that the Shylock hailed with joy and delight the passage of the funding act In 18CC, and gladly gave up his currency (to be consigned to the furnace) In exchange for untaxed interest bearing bonds? During these eleven years of contrac tion our government circulation was re duced over $1,400,0000,000, and thereby swept into the vortex of financial ruin tens of thousands of the best and most enterprising business men, threw over 3,000,000 mechanics and laboring men out of employment, and cut down wages to starvation prices. Yet in the face of all these glaring facts, In the face of the political history of the past thirty years, Mr. Higgins has no "regret" for being a Republican. Then as for Mr. Higgins, the Republican party has been right; the legislation of that party the right thing; and no evil exists as the fruits of past legislation. Then wherefore the necessity for any remedy; for the remedy he so freely at tempts to give In his proposed bill? Yours in the Interests of humanity, S. J. Rumsey. Garden City, Kansas. Any one sending ns ten names and $5 for Thb Advocate until November 10, 1802, will receive a copy free until.that date. JUDGE VROOMAN FOB CONGRESSMAN- AT-LARGE. To the Editor of Thb Advocate. While the reform movement was in its Infancy, when there was no prospect in the present generation of the truth com ing to the front with such rapidity, when Willitts, Peffer, Mrs. Lease and all of our congressional delegation, excepting, pos sibly, Davis, were at war with the princi ples they now embrace, a modest chris tian lawyer, of Kansas City, Kansas, formerly of Topeka, year in and year out, unceasingly warned the people of the approaching danger. To him, twenty years ago, was our present situa tion as apparent as it Is to-day. Hia heart was so full of this conviction, that at great personal sacrifice he repeatedly canvassed the state to sow the good seed broadcast and leave to Providence the re sult The gentleman to whom I refer is Judge II. P. Vrooman, one of the most brilliant orators we have to-day in this state, full as it la of eloquent men. He is the last man in the state to put forth any effort for personal advancement, but we owe him a vast debt, and we have it In our power now to pay the first install ment, and at the same time do ourselves an immense service. Who not nominate him for congress- man-at-large? No other man among the many able men of this state could serve us more creditably and faithfully. If he will accept the nomination no other man is surer of election. Knowing Judge Vrooman as I have for nearly all of that period of twenty years, and persistently fighting him at every step, most of the time, and knowing him to be spotless In character, grand in in tellect, bold, fearless and unconquerable In the advocacy of truth, I nominate him for this high office, and urge my brother farmers throughout the state to fall in line. Had Judge Vrooman been willing to sacrifice principle for personal ends and Joining in to "whoop up" the Republican party, with his eminent ability, winning manners and matchless eloquence, he might have had any office in the gift of this state.But his morals were too pure for any such purposes; and now that the people are with him in sentiment and effort, It is not right, It is not Just that this excellent gentleman should now be sacrificed in the house of his friends for somebody in swaddling clothes. It would . be a shame and a villainy not to reward Judge Vrooman now that we have the chance. Respectfully, C. C. Robmns. Edna, Kan., April 19, 1 892.