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The advocate. [volume] (Meriden, Kan.) 1889-1892, May 04, 1892, Image 5

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ENCE. Every time I attend to the disagreeable
duty of Bitting a whole afternoon In the
gallery of the house- I feel juat vindic
tive enough toward the Democratic and
Republican voters of Kansas to wish
that they weie obliged to come in a body
and stay through one entire seeslon (and
the long one at that) and see for them
selves just what eort of ninnies they have
been to keep a set of men in congress for
the sole purpose of perpetuating two old
party organizations and granting special
privileges to favored individuals and
powerful corporations.
I came away from the house yesterday
fairly blue, with tobacco smoke (mem
bers smoking right on the floor of the
house) and dlscouragment, to think that
it is out of 'my power to charter a few
special trains and bring the loyal Demo
crats and Republicans here that they
may hear with their own ears and smell
with their own noses the corruption and
the foulness of national legislation.
For a long time it did seem as if there
was about to be one piece of legislation
note specially for the benefit of any clique
or corporation. For a long time many
of us studied the Paddock pure food bill
wondering how it came that a measure
seemingly meritorious could emanate
from such a source. It was Impossible
to find the catch until now that the bill,
which has been pushed before every body
of farmers and laborers in the country at
much cost of time and money, is nearlng
the time when It may become a law. At
last the colored person in the elevation
of wood has protruded his head in the
snapeoran amendment wnicn explains
its entire purpose. It is proposed to add
to the department of agriculture a new
bureau of food inspectors, consisting of
chemists, clerks and laborers, whose duty
it shall be to analyze and certify to the
exact character of every article of food
and every drug in the market. It hath
not yet entered into the heart of an un
suspecting people to consider what an
army of government employes this new
bureau would necessitate, all of whom
would be appointed under our present
vicious system of patronage and thus
give more of the power of patronage to
the disinterested (?) patriots whose con
cern is so great lest the dear people have
pure food, that they have no interest in
trying to correct conditions under which
thousands of men are unable to get food
of any sort, pure of impure.
A new census bureau Is proposed that
also will call for many appointments and
much patronage. A thousand dollars
has just been appropriated to be ex
pended in "InyestigatIon",to determine
whether or not we ought to have this
census bureau.
The house committee on mines and
mining is favorable to a bureau fit
mines and mining, with of course, a
brand new secretary and Increased cleri
cal force. Oh, there's nothing "paternal"
about all this performance. The "pa
ternalism" all comes in when the people
propose to own and operate their own
highways. See?
Yesterday, the discussion in the house
was on the appropriation for new battle
ships. The Democrats don't want to ap
propriate for more than one ship now.
Whyl Because there's a presidential
campaign coming and this Democratic
congress must make a better record for
economy than the wicked congress which
preceded it. After awhile, i. ?., when
the campaign is safely tided over once
more, why then the Democrats are will
ing to give us a little more navy. The
Republicans who talked In favor of three
battle ships want the appropriations
made right now, quick. Why? Because
there'8a presidential campaign coming
and they want this congress to use up
just as much of the people's money as
they did when they had a chance. Oh,
It makes one glow with patrlotio pride to
sit in the house and hear congressmen
openly charge each other with being
actuated by just such motives. Please,
good Kansas Democrats and Republicans,
come to congress and listen, so that you
can glow also. Annie L. Diggs.
To the Editor of Thje Advocate.
I have been reading your paper for
some time and I want to assure you that
I appreciate very highly the firm and
manly stand you have taken In behalf of
the people In their efforts to bring about
the reform so sorely needed and so much
desired by the laboring and tax ridden
masses of this country. Down here in
Georgia the people are m line and the
battle is being opened quite furiously.
The Democrats, seeing that they were
losing every day and their party going to
pieces, sent for t Livingston and Moses to
come home from Washington and help
save the Democratic party, and their first
effort was to try to vanquish Col. C. C.
Post, who is the leader of the People's
party in Georgia. They assailed him
with all manner of vituperation, trying
to create prejudice against him so as to
stop his influence. They also acoused
him of trying to break up the Demo
cratic party In the interest of the Repub
lican party. But such old slanders as
that have been used too long here to be
of any service now. The Democrats are
reeling the force ana power 01 rost 8
arguments and they scringe at every
blow. They seem to think that to de
stroy Post would destroy the People's
party and the Farmers' Alliance in
Georgia at one and the same time. There
was an appointment made for Post to
speak at Carrolton on the 5th, and the
Democrats telegraphed for Moses to come
home from congress to meet him. Well,
they met, and notwithstanding the Demo
crats had caused all their forces to come
in on the cars from the little towns around
and from Atlanta for the purpose of
whooping up Moses and drowning out
Post, yet Post scored a grand victory.
Then again, on the 13th, at Douglas
ville, the Democrats brought out their
best forces for joint discussion among
whom was Livingston, he too has been
called from congress. When they met
the committee men for the Democratic
side would not agree to a fair division of
time and when it was found that they
could not be brought to that, the an
nouncement was made that all the Peo
ple's party speakers would go to the
warehouse. Then with a yell the crowd
started off singing as they went, "Good
Bye, Old Party, Good Bye," taking off
about 1,000 or 1,200, and leaving about
150 to listen to the old, old cry, Don't
leave the grand old Democratic party,"
and about one-third of those left were
People's party men. Such is the true
statement of the "grand Democratic
victory" reported In the Atlanta Consti
tution and Journal
J. W. II. Russell.
Rett, Ga., April 20, 1892.
To the Editor of Thx Advocate.
In the daily Capital of April 15th, may
be seen a terrific shower of words by
one W. E. Kearns, of Topeka, who, as he
infers, is a farm hand by profession. By
thoroughly sifting his voluminous article
we have managed to draw from It the
following meaning: That the Farmers'
Alliance Is an enemy to the farm hand
and is working and plotting against him;
that the Alliance alone is what consti
tutes the People's party, which is a sur
prising bit of news to us all, and last,
but not least prominent, that the writer
of the article wants a aMplum" from the
Republican party and will, no doubt,
feel greatly flattered to have this party
pat him on the back as they did all farm
ers who denounced the Alliance during
the last campaign.
Let us ask, "Who are the farm hands
of this country?" The majority of them
are farmer's sons who were reared on
the farm, who have left the old folks on
the little, old homestead, either because
the old farm was too small to longer fur
nish them steady and lucrative employ
ment, or because they have become dis
satisfied with the circumstances and op
portunities of the parental roof and choose
to seek their fortune by starting out for
themselves "on their own hook," and
who expect some day, by practicing
economy, by trading and maneuvering,
to become actual farmers and land owners.
To-day a farm hand, to-morrow the pro
prietor of a farm and the overseer of
farm hands; or to day he may be a farm
hand and to-morrow the renter of a farm
and an employer, or he may be both
proprietor and farm hand at the same
time. So we quickly see that it is al
most impossible to discern where to draw
the line between the actual farmer and
the farm hand. Our sons are our neigh
bors' hired hands, our hired hands are
our neighbors' sons. So closely are our
interests related that it would cot be
wise for ua to be at yariance. In fact we
cannot, and the fact that a large number,
perhaps a majority of the farm hands are
already members of the Farmers' Alli
ance, goes to prove this assertion. .
However, if those who can classify
themselves as strictly farmhands by pro
fession, believe that their interests are
distinct fronfthe farmer proper, why not
get themselves together and organize
and make their demands as all other
classes of labor have done?
The recognition which labor Is now
able to command from capital and legis
lation is entirely due to organized and
united labor. Not only are most all
classes of labor organized, but capital
and all American industries. Then why
should not the farmers form an alliance,
and who will object to a union of farm
In accusing the Farmers' Alliance of
working to promote the Interests of other
laborers excluding farm hands, the Capi
ta? $ correspondent says: "The Nebraska
legislature enacted an eight hour law
which applies to all excepting domestic
servants and farm bands. Of course this
measure was championed by the Alli
ance." The farmers endeavor to work
for the interests of all other classes of
labor because the average farmer is him
self nothing more or lean than a laborer,
and be considers all other laborers his
co-workers. Any farm hand who has
been a farm hand long knows that the
farmer cannot at all times regulate his
work so as to have certain hours for be
ginning and quitting work. Perhaps he
is interrupted in the morning by a
shower, or perhaps In the evening there
are indications of rain and a job must be
finished, or it is Saturday evening and he
has work which will not bear leaving
until Monday.
Again, the work of the city laborer and
shop girl is of altogether a different na
ture. It is generally tb e case that they
are closely confined during the entire
period of working hours, nd their work
is generally of a steadyv sameness, and
grows very monotonous, while the farm
hand enjoys the freedom of the out door
air, and his work la of a great variety.
, The farm hand is also working under al
together different conditions; he gets his
board and lodging thrown In and does
not have to live from hand to mouth as
the city laborer. Again, in regard to a
pay day of which he speaks, it does not
always lay within the farmer's power to
have the ready cash at the end of each
week to pay off hands.
If the Capital's worthy correspondent
will examine his article closely, he will
probably discover that he gets slightly
mixed, especially when he says: "But
in reality no party ever came before the
people with a platform and a declaration of
principles so completely at variance with
the real sentiments, thoughts and spirits
which prompts action among the masses
composing It, or with publio promises of
ultimate purpose so entirely unwarranted
by the real aims, desires and hopes which
bind the people to the party, as this same
Alliance party." Mind you, he informs
us that the People's party is a strictly
Alliance party I Then he continues fur
ther on: "Their platforms fall to reflect
the true nature of the party. They have
been made with the view to catch the
real reformer and deceive the unwary."
Now, does the gentleman mean to say
that the platform is better than the party,
or that the party is better than the plat
form? IIow Is It that the platform Is at
"variance with the real sentiment of the
thought and spirit which prompts action
among the masses composing It," and at
the same' time is so good that it
catches "real reformers?" If he means
that the party is better than the platform
and does not express their sentiments,
then why will the party adopt and stand
by such a platform?
In regard to the Alliance being the
sole framers and, lndorsers of this In
ferior or superior (which?) platform, we
ask Mr. K. It the Farmers' Alliance la
the only Industrial organization that
adopted this platform? If this la all he
knows of the real facts in the case, we
would advise him to stop writing to ad
vise others until he can read up a little,
and we take this opportunity of Inform
ing him that this platform was adopted
by leading representatives of every promi
nent labor organization inJAmerica which
constituted the great St. Louis conven
In regard to the land aristocracy of
which he speaks, we only need to refer
him to this platform and many of the
declarations of the Alliance to Inform
him what their standing la on this sub
Returning to the farm hand once more,
we will say to the correspondent that the
farm hand cannot expect his just dues
so long aa those upon whom he is de
pendent do cot receive the same. But
If our correspondent Is a broad gauged,
deep thinking man, he should by this
time be ready to see that of all of the
many evil evila which are hampering the
social and commercial interests of Ameri
cans, the one that Is the most disastrous
la the scarcity of a sufficient amount of
the medium of exchange to carry on the
business of the country. Give us more
of the poor man's money. We must have
money. J. R McKeever.
Topeka, Kan., April 18, 1802.
Third Annual lUlljr.
The Washington County Alliance will
hold its third annual picnic and rally at
Washington, Kan., August 4th and 5th,
1802. It is expected that Ignatius Don
nelly, Davis, of Texas, Mrs. Emery, and
other national orators will.be present,
besides the best talent In Kansas. Would
like to correspond with other sections of
Kansas expecting to hold meeting about
that time. G. E. IIathway.
I Washington, Kan.

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