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THE SINGLE TAX. Did you, reader, ever hear a discussion about the color of objects by men wear ing differently stained glasses? We never did, but it appears to .ua that the con troversy between "single tax" men and their opponents is of, a similar character, and the chances of confuting or convino ing one another as probable. So we do not write this in the. hope of affecting single taxers.' We write for those who have not yet adjusted prejudicial glasses before their intellectual sight. The center of arguments on the sub ject are the two words, value and tax. Henry George and his followers have conceived the idea that "value" is a solid substance out of which a government can subtract a living, and "tax" the race to bring that living out. Such food, they say, should be sufficient to support the machinery of government" without taxing the products of labor. We of the green spectacles can see no substance in the word value,hence fear that the personnael government could not Bubslston such diet Thus the question between us set tles down upon the determination whether value ia a substantial entry or a mere abstraction. If it ia a substance, Henry George has made the most won derful discovery of the age. He has solved the greatest problem. He has lifted from industry the heaviest incu bus, the most destructive vampire, viz: the public tax. On the contrary, if value is a mere abstraction, a degree of inten sity in human desire, cauaed by circum stances, then the single tax la a delusion, and labor will have to continue to bear the burden of all taxes. Now is talus a thing or a condition of man? Henry George says it is a thing. If a thing, we ask, give us a description of it. State its quality, shape, color, density, taste, smell, properties, etc. To all these they reply that value is blue (as per the color of their glasses). We ask further, how does value germinate, develop and mature? How is it prepared for food and clothes, implements and acoutrements, for these are the things needed by government? Single taxers explain the production of valua as follows: Land in the wilds, however fertile, has no value attached to it even when Robinson Crusoe squats on it and causes it to yield wealth, yet it has no value. When more men, how ever, arrive and desiring Crusoe's land because of improvement in preference to adjdning tracts, tender him a premium, then that "moss" on its back called value sprouts and grows apace as more men ar rive. It is this "moss," not the Improve ments nor the products of labor that gov ernment should levy and subsist upon, assert the single taxers. Looking through our green spectacles again, we can not distinguish that kind of value from the products of labor. But this is not the summit of the single tax mountain. Their most forcible point is another heav ing up of values which is not the result of labor. It is when the population be comes dense and the best landings on the sea, the best path across the mountains, the best ford across the river, the only mill race, the best location to erect a toll gate, a store, a mill, a factory, a home and the best farm lands, and mines have been occupied, or secured by purchase, and men deprived of a place to rest their feet without paying tribute, bid hotly against one another for room to stand upon and an opportunity to make a liv ing, that value rises like the giant red wood trees in California. It Is then that single taxers step up to the ferryman, to the business man, the farmer and the speculator and reason with him thusly: "You enjoy the benefit of a valuable lo cation. This location has not been made valuable by your exertions, but by the advent and increase of population. It is due to the opportunity it affords you to exact tribute from helpless fellow beings ergo this extra value, this unearned In crement belongs of right to the people who cauaed it; hence we demand that the whole of it (its full rental value) shall be handed over to the government as a representative of that people." Such method of taxation, It is claimed, will prevent land speculation, level fortunes and enable all to own a house and the opportunity to work. Hold on, friend George. Do not build castles in the air as the result of your doctrine. What is It that the government demands of the privileged occupants? Is it value t No. This Is too thin and vaporous. In fact the very demand explodes the value. The government demands money, not value; an actual thing not a bauble. It demands a part of the booty levied upon others by these occupants. Thus the single tax doctrine is very fair and equit able until it see ma to be great injustice when its deformity appears. Let us state the true condition of things and see how little a single tax will do to correct social evils. Her are a host of human beings scrambling like wild animal?, and literally devouring one another in the struggle for life. Only those armed with money have been able to advance, and they have occupied all the passes of hu man existence, while the legions of pro ducers are by them held in a state of servitude. Single taxers propose to allow the work of destruction to continue, pro vided that the wolves divide lambs with the government! What a wise, moral and rational solution of the labor prob lem! Under it the moneyless, the poor, the man who could not build a palace would be driven from sea to sea without even the benefit to a "rise in value." THE STATS LEGISLATURE. To the Editor ot Ths Advocat. It is said "In a multitude of consellors there la safety." So I appear before you with my offerings, 'and first, I believe there are plenty of names suggested for the various offices, both state and na tional, except for the next legislature, which seems to have been overlooked thus far. With your permission, would like to make a few suggestions. The greatest fight this state has ever seen will be made to secure the next legislature. A United States senator will have to be chosen and there will be nothing left un done, fair or foul, that tend to secure that office by the g. o. p's. Any amount of money will be ready, and, If needs be, the old mother country, the chief con spirator in the great conspiracy that has reduced us almost to the verge of ruin, will contribute her quota to the general fund to protect "British. Interests," you know. I believe that every county should select the very beet and most trustworthy men possible and make no mistakes in selecting men for those re sponsible offices. I refer to the senate as well as the house. There are many of our laws that need amending which will be discussed In due time. But there Is one institution I wish to call especial attention to, viz., the Kansas City live stock commission business. There is not a man in Kansas who has ever shipped a car of cattle to that market that has not felt the in1 justice of the monopoly. Why Is it necessary to keep a hundred firms to do the business that twenty-five could do? It matters not if stock don't bring 1 cent per pound, the commissions are the same. The price of fat cattle has fallen off in the past ten years about 100 per cent, but the charges for handling and selling are the same. This thing can be remedied as the yards are within the state of Kan sas. Mr. Editor, while I have the floor I might say something for the good of the order, and, like Mr. Higglns, 1 am a stal wart Republican with my back square against the old party; in fact I am one of the charter members of that party, and I believed in protection to manufacturers as well as farmers, and I went out and did some talking for Benny Harrison, and tot protection all along the line, and in the simplcity of my heart I felt sure we would get the duty restored on wool, hides and hemp, and have tree coinage and we would all be prosperous and happy. But alas! My fond hopes were terribly blasted, my political vision was a little obscured and I saw as it were men at trees walking. But soon Ihe political atmosphere cleared, and I saw clearly. I beheld the great, fat, bloated woolen manufacturers appear before the tariff committee, and their words became law. Likewise I saw the great, plutocratic leather manufacturers appear before the same committee and their edict became law. Then I saw the wool growers of Pennsylvania, and Ohio, and Kansas, and the other states, tarn their weary feet toward their homes. Then I looked to Topeka and I saw that the reduction of the tariff of 1883 had cost the farmers of Kansas 100,100,000 sheep In five years. Then I looked to Washington again and I saw enacted the most villainous silver law that was ever palmed off on a trust ing people, and they said it was the beat they could do now, and would ultimately lead to free coinage of silver, (which it will). Then I arose and cast off the sackcloth and ashes, washed myself clean of the old party Impurities, clothed myself In garments of Investigation and annolnted my head with oil of independ ent action and sweetly sang the Invigor ating song, "Good Bye, Old Party, Good Bye." Now in conclusion, I want to say em phatically, no fusion in mine. The Peo ple's party platform (union) (abroad enough for every honest man in this country to stand on. We welcome every man who honestly wishes to join us, but to those who wish to trade us something they have not got, for the privilege of helping them to something they can't get themselves, I am utterly opposed. This is the thing of all others the g. o. p's. desire us to do. There is not a Republi can paper Issued in the state but what refers to the trade with the Democratic party. It is a preconcerted arrangement to keep up that kind of a racket. Keep In the middle of the road, broth ers, and every man constitute himself a committee of one to convert other men to the faith of our party, and by the 9th of November there will not be enough of the g. o. p's. to make a small smell. W. Ramsey. Solomon City, Kansas. Great Fight In Kama. If you wish to know more about and assist the fight in Kansas in this cam paign, get up a club of ten subscribers at 25 cents each, or $2.50, and the Kansas Commoner will be sent to each from May 1st to November 10; or a club of five for $1.50. The Commoner is a six column, eight page paper in its fifth year, and is a fighter. Kansas must be redeemed from the agents of Sbylock this year. Reader, help the cause you love so well by sending a club. You can secure fifty or 100 If you try, only 25 cents for seven months. Address, Kansas Commontr, Wichita, Kan pas. The Advocate will be sent during the campaign for 50 cents.- An extra copy free for club of ten. REPUBLICAN NOMINATIONS. To the Editor of Ths advocate. The Republicans of Kansas, in nomi nating ex-Oovernor Anthony for con gressman at large, have put in the field another, man who, if elected to congress, will simply be the mouthpiece of New York bankers. Mr. Anthony has been during the past year one of the most persistent of those speakers who have gone up and down certain western states In the interest of a gold standard. He has held many offices, and in the Inter regnum of his public services, he has acted as a railroad attorney, and it ia al most certain that he could not have been nominated without the assistance of the Santa Fe railroad and other corporations. The Hutchinson convention contained the usual number of commercial politi cians, and after the first ballot they ar ranged themselves with great rapidity under the banner of the magnificent ex Governor, who, whatever else be is, la a full jeweled politician, wearing a dia mond about the size of a small bean on his capacious shirt front. When I first saw him In Topeka I thought he was a hotel clerk, because gentlemen In the country from which I came do not wear diamonds. Of course wearing diamonds Is an innocent amusement, and it la to be hoped gives as permanent satisfaction to the wearer as it does brilliancy to his otherwise common place exterior. Ths Republicans of the Fifth congres sional district are "about to pin their faith to a highly ornamented,if not orna mental statesman. Unfortunately for Mr. Burton, hla past record is not so clear and crystal like as the gems with which he decorates his person. The Republican party in Kansas this years la demonstrating in its candidates how it has fallen from Its high estate. From being the defense of the weak and downtrodden, It haa come to be the tool of corporations, and the means of forcing into high places men utterly unscrupu lous and without one whit of sympathy for the tollers of the land. It is now very seldom that any but a rich man can be either nominated or elected in the Re publican party. The argument In favor of Mr. Burton which carried the great est weight was that he was a rich man, able and willing to spend plenty of money In the campaign, and so he ia to be the standard bearer, in spite of his fearful record, morally and , financially while In the legislature. Of course he will be elected; all the bogua insurance companies and the railroads whose at torney he has been can well afford to spend any amount of cash to put him In power. I do not wish to unduly reflect on railroads. They are a benefit to any state, and agricultural or other develop ment Is at this stage ot the world well nigh impossible without them; but they should confine their attention to the legitimate field of their operations. The Santa Fe railroad has made the state government and legislature of Kansas a by word and laughing stock in the eyes of honest people all over the United States, the present legislature being the first one in many years that railroad cash was not able to purchase. Roas McDonald. Wichita, Kan., May C, 1802. County committeemen of the People's party in counties having Swedish settle ments and who desire the services of Nela Anderson during the campaign, are requested to make application to J. B. French, Topeka, Kan. On receipt of these applications, meetings will be ar ranged as to time, so as to economise in traveling expenses and make the cost upon each county as light aa possible.