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Devoted to the Interests of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union and Other Kindred Organizations.
VOL. III. NO. 40. TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 25, 1892. $1.00 PER YEAR. MILK IN THE 2 FEB COT. COCOANUT. By J. K. Dctwiler, President Fourth Con gressional District Alliance. Under the above caption the editor of the Daily Capital reviews my article published In The Advocate May 18. Surely it would require a very large co coanut to hold milk sufficient to afford nourishment equivalent to the $14,588, 810 to be saved for the people of Kansas by the 2 per cent, land loan. The editor of the Capital must give us stronger diet than skim milk if he de sires to quiet the clamor for an increase of the circulating medium, and a reduo tion of the interest charges. By some mystified process of figuring, the Capital arrives at the conclusion that "with wheat at 65 cents per bushel it would require an additional yield of less than two-thirds of a bushel per acre to make the difference which Is to be saved by the 2 per cent, scheme." But the Capital fails to show by what means the triumph of the Republican policy will Increase the yield of wheat even one third of a bushel per acre; in fact, It does not at tempt such a showing for its party. But let us figure out that two-thirds of a bushel problem. At 65 cents per bushel It will require 22,444,430 bushels of wheat to pay the $14,588,810 that can be saved for the people of Kansas by the triumph of the People's party and the adoption of the 2 per cent, scheme. The editor of the Capital knows that the average acre age of wheat sown in Kansas for the past ten years is about 1,500,000 acres, and it would therefore require an Increase of nearly fifteen bushels per acre to make good the difference between 2 per cent and 8 per cent. Interest on the real estate loans of the state. Why does the Capital try to deceive us, by the state ment that two-thirds of a bushel per acre will pay the bill? Does he expect us to sow the entire state, Including his High land Park addition, in wheat? Such at tempts at deception will no longer work; we have at last commenced figuring a little for ourselves. We estimate that It will require less sweat to vote the old gang out of power than to raise the 22,444,430 bushels of wheat to pay the extra interest. The CapitaVi deceptive attempt to belittle the enormous interest burden now resting upon the people of Kansas will not help its cause. A debt burdened and tax ridden people have been crying for relief these many yean. The old political bosses only laugh at our calamity, and belittle our grievances. We have a last decided to take posses sion of the reins of government, and se cure for ourselves the relief for which we have begged in vain. The old politi-1 cal barnacles may as well follow the ex ample of the "robin, and move out;" the people are no longer depending upon others, but have taken the sickle In their own hands, and the political field is to be mown without further delay. The Cap ital denounces fiat money as a dangerous thing, apparently ignorant of the fact that there is no other kind of money Gold bullion Is not money, but according to a legislative decree, all the gold that can be dug out of the mountains can be made money. Silver bullion is not money, but we are asking congress to pass a decree by which silver bullion may be made money. We are asked to maintain a parity between the gold and silver dollar so that they will have equal purchasing power. That has already been established; a silver dollar con tainlng only 70 cents' worth of silver will to-day purchase 100 cents' worth of com moditles; five silver dollars will purchase a $5 gold piece. A pirity between the value of gold and silver bullion can also be established. To-day 1 offer a gold miner 100 cents for thirty grains of gold He tells me he will take his gold to the mint and have it coined Into dollars at the rate of 25 8 grains to the dollar, and he will not sell it for less. If we pass a bill providing for the free and unlimited coinage of silver the silver miner can get his standard silver coined at the rate of 412 grains to the dollar, and he will not sell for less. The Capital, however, asserts that this would inflate the cur rency, and the word inflation seems to be regarded with as malignant hatred by the Capital as the word fiat. Yet Presi dent Harrison, in a letter to the commer cial congress that met in Kansas City In 1891, said: "So long as every coined dol lar, either of silver or gold, is assured of an equal value in commercial use, there need be no fear as to an excess of money. The more such money the better." The demand of the People's party is that the volume of money be increased to $50 per capita, and that every dollar issued to accomplish this end shall be made a full legal tender, thus guaranteeing an equal value In commercial use for every dollar, whether it be made of gold, silver or pa per. The Capital may be assured that the last straw has been placed upon the backs of the tax burdened people. The Fifty-first congress, under the absolute control of the Republican party, levied a tax of $500,000,000 per annum through Its extravagant appropriations. For this outrage It was dubbed "the billion dollar congress," and retired from power. The Democratic party was given a majority of 150 in the branch of congress where all the appropriation bills must originate. The people expected a reduction of taxa tion. Senator Gorman, a national leader of the Democratic party, in a speech in the United States senate May 15, said: The expenditure of $500,000,000 per annum is an enormous amount of money, and vet that is within the amount to be appropri ated by this congress. JJThereisno power on earth to reduoe the' expenditures for offices; there is no power to reduoe tax ation; you cannot diminish expenditures. The speech from wbiah these remark able statements are extracted was an elaborate plea for an increase of the naval appropriation bill In the Interest of the millionaire ship builders of Mary land, whom Mr. Gorman represents. The whole tenor of this startling speech indi cates the purpose of the boodlers sent to congress by the Republican and Demo cratic parties to unite and co-operate In a new raid upon the public treasury. As usual, the people are to be robbed In the sacred name of patriotism by a graceless gang who have no love of country.or hu manity. Upon pretense of building battle ships for which there Is so present need, and which will be out of date long before any war necessity palls them Into use. Accepting the action of the Fifty-seo- ond congress as a final answer to our de mand for more money and less taxes, we prepare to unite under the people's ban ner and drive the thieves and money changers from the temple of justice. SCOTT AND ANDEBSON AT LINDSBOEO. To the Editor of The Advocate. Not having noticed anything in your valuable paper from this "neck of the woods," I will send you a few Items. We are having more rain this spring than we have had In a corresponding time for ten years. In our neighboring counties storms have caused considerable damage but in this vicinity the good Lord has spared us, so that no serious damage has been done, so we have much to be thank ful, for but we have chronio grumblers here as well as elsewhere, as you well know, who, if the father of all good strewed his richest blessings over them, would still grumble and complain. Politically, this place and vicinity are true adherents to the g. o. p. There are a few People's party men even here, and thank God the grand, noble and heaven- born principles that our party is advocat ing are gaining ground every day, thanks to your nolle paper and others of the same kind. We had a grand treat at Lindsborg the other day when our state lecturer, 8. M. Scott, made a telling talk to a full house, which seemed by all indications to have been appreciated, as not one word was written In our home paper in condemna tlan of his speech. We think that Is so very singular that we really do not know what to make of It. But certain it is that his speech was above party. He spoke the truth in a fearless, unflinch ing manner and every word of his argu ment was about the old party reocrd. Well, it stands tliere, and what are they going to do about it? We also had the pleasure of listening to Nels Anderson, from Topeka, the Swedish lecturer. Ilia honest, upright countenance makes a good Impression on everyone he comes in contact with. Ha put forth a good many sound .arguments and makes his points well. We hope our Swedish brethren all over the state will give him all 'encouragement possible, as we take him to be a deserving man. His talk here was appreciated by everyone ex cept the editor of the Smokey -Valley News and his following, who think that It is a crime to be poor. In the mean time it is refreshing to meet men like Mr. Anderson, who are so imbued with the tplrlt of reform that they are willing to sacrifice themselves in order to spread the light that Is breaking in surely in every nook and corner of our country. Wishing Tiik Advocate abundant suc cess, I am, yours for the right, Chas. J. Johnson. Lindsborg, Kan., May 17, 1892. A CAMPAIGN FUND. To the Editor of Tin Advocate. I believe we have at this time more that 300 county officer a who are members of the People's party. No doubt each of these officers, with many others who are not holding public positions, feel like as sisting financially In the campaign, If there can be a general move In that di rection. Our papers must be sustained, a Urge amount of free literature must be distributed, and able speakers procured. All this requires money, which, If con tributed by the many, will be light for all. I desire to make this proposition: As many as feel like contributing $10 to this fund, send his name and address to The Advocate. - Let It be understood that the money is not to be paid unless 300 or more persons respond. All money is to be paid at the Wichita convention. Now, friends, let us all respond promptly, and keep Kansas in the'lead. Tou can place my name upon the list: G. Campbell, Mound Valley, Kn fio.oo Bdncd Ballroad Bate to th riratCon- g-retilonal District Convention. I have succeeded In obtaining a one and one-third rate on the certificate plan from all points in the Fiart congressional district to thft Holton convention, June 1 and 2. Yours fraternally, James M. Josks, Secretary People's Party County Central Committee.