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11 I. J. ffllil & 111 Mllti CP ml I CDPUI TO rni.iiu ii i a 11 ill! I : I I W I IV' I.I 1 1 1 1 I .'! IA.li I 111 u. I V- v uuuimiuuiuii iiibiiuiinu iui 209 and 21 1 Market Street, St. Louis, CommlMlom on Mat ner nound. which Include! an charsres after wool la received In store until sold. Sack! furnished free to shippers. Cash advances arranged for when desired. Write for circulars. Information furnished promptly by mall or telegraph when desired. r lease mention nx advocate. 3DXJTT03ST HOUSE. Next Door toulh of Court Houta, Tcptka, Kansas M. H. D UTTON, Proprietor. tl 80 per day. 8pedM rates to Alliance, Mention Ths Advotiat. PEOPLE'S PARTY NATIONAL PLAT rORM. Assembled upon the one hundred and sixteenth anniversary of the declaration of Independence, the People's party of America, in its first national convention, Invoking upon their action the blessing of Almighty God, puts forth, in the name and on behalf of the people of this coun try, the following preamble and declara tion of principles: The conditions which surround us best justify our coopera tion; we meet in the midst of a nation brought to the verge of moral, political and material ruin; corruption dominates the ballot box, legislatures, congress, and touches even the ermine of the bench. The people are demoralized; most of the states have been compelled to isolate voters at polling places to prevent uni versal Intimidation or bribery. News papers are largely subsidized or muzzled; public opinion silenced; business pros trated; our homes covered with mort gages; labor Impoverished and land con centrating In the hands of capitalists. Urban workman are denied the right of organization for self -protection; Imported, pauperized labor beats down their wages; a hireling, standing army, unrecognized by our laws, Is established to shoot them down and they are rapidly degenerating into European conditions; the fruits of the toll of millions are bodily stolen to build up colossal fortunes for the few, un precedented in the history of mankind, and the possessors of these In turn de spise the republic and endanger liberty; from the same prolific womi. of govern mental injustice, we breed two great classes tramps and millionaires; the na tional power to create money Is appro priated to enrich bond-holders; the vast public debt, payable in legal-tender cur rency, has been funded into gold bearln bonds, thereby adding millions to the bur dens of the people; silver, which has been accepted as coin since the dawn of his tory, has been demonetized to add to the purchasing power of gold by decreas ing the value of all forms of property as well as human labor, and the supply of currency la purposely abridged to fatten usurers, bankrupt enterprise and en slave industry; a vast conspiracy against mankind has been organized on the two continents and is rapidly taking posses sion of the world; If not met and over thrown at once it forbodes a terrible social convulsion, the destruction of capitalization or the establishment of ab solute despotism ;e have witnessed for more than a quarter of a century the struggles of the two great political parties for power and plunder, while grievous wrongs have been'lnfilcted upon the suffering people; we charge that the controlling influences dominating both these parties have permitted the existing dreadful conditions to develope without serious effort to prevent or restrain them; neither do they now promise us any sub stantial reform; they have agreed to gether to ignore In the coming campaign every Issue but one; they propose to drown the outcries of the plundered peo ple with the uproar of a sham battle over tariff, so that capital, corporations, na tional banks, trusts, watered stock, de monetization of silver and the oppression of usurers may be all lost sight of; they propose to sacrifice our homes, lives and children on the altar of mammon; to destroy the multitude In order to secure corruption funds from millionaires. As sombled on the anniversary of the birth day of the nation, and filled with the spirit of the grand generation who estab Ushed our independence, we seek to re store the government of the republic to the hands of the "plain people," with which class it originated; we assert our purposes to be' Identical with the pur poses of the national constitution; to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for common i defense, promote general wel fare and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity; we de clare that this republic can only endure as a free government while built upon the love of the whole people for each other and for the nation; that it cannot be pinned together by the bayonet; that the civil war is over and that every passion and resentment which grew out of it must die with it, and that we must in fact, as we are in name, become a united brotherhood of free men; our country finds Itself confronted by conditions for which there is no'precedentlnthe world; our annual agricultural productions amount to billions of dollars In value, which must In a few weeks or months be exchanged for billions of dollars worth of commodities of other productions; the currency supply la wholly in adequate to make this exchange, and the results are falling of prices, the forma tion of combines and rings and the im poverishment of the producing class; we pledge ourselves that, if given the power, we will labor to correct these evils by wise and reasonable legislation, In accordance with the terms of our platform; we believe that the powers of government, in other words, of the peo ple, should be expanded (as in case of the postal service) as rapidly and as far as the good sense of an intelligent people and the teachings of experience shall justify, to the end that oppression, injustice and poverty shall eventually cease in this land. While our sympathies, as the party of reform, are naturally upon the side of every proposition which will tend to make men Intelligent, virtu ous and temperate, we nevertheless re gard these questions, Important as they are, as secondary to the great Issues now pressing for solution, and upon which not only our Individual prosperity, but the very existence of our free institutions depend; and we ask all men to help us first to determine whether we are to have the republic to administer before we differ as to the conditions upon which It Is to be administered; believing that the forces of reform this day organized will never cease to move forward until every wrong is remedied and lawful rights and equal privileges securely established for all men and women la this country; we declare therefore: First That the union of the labor forces of the United States, this day con summated, shall be permanent and per petual; may its spirit come into all hearts for the salvation of mankind. Second Wealth belongs to him who creates it, and every dollar taken fr - : industry without equivalent is robbery. "If any will not work, neither shall he eat" The interests of rural and civic laborers are the same; their enemies are identical. Third We believe that the time has come when railroad corporations will either own the people or the people must own the railroads, and should the gov ernment enter upon the work of owning and managing any and all railroads, we should favor an amendment to the con stitution by which all persons engaged in government service shall be place under civil service regulations so as to provent an Increase of the power of the national administration by the use of such addi tional government employes. Fourth We demand a national cur rency, safe, sound and flexible, issued by the general government only, a legal tender for all debts, public and private, and that without the use of banking cor porations; a just, equitable, efficient means of distribution direct to the peo ple at a tax not to exceed 2 per cent per annum to be provided as set forth In the sub-treasury plan of the Farmers' Alli ance, or some better system; also by pay ments in the discharge of Its obligations for publio Improvements. We demand the free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold at the legal raio of 16 to 1. We demand that the amount of emulat ing medium be speedily Increased to nnt lees than $50 per capita. We demand a graduated Income tax. We believe that the money of the country should be kept as much as possi ble In the hands of the people, and hence we demand that all state andnational revenues shall be limited to the necessary expenses of the government, economically and honestly administered. ,We demand that postal savings banks be established by the government for the safe deposit of the earnings of the people and to facilitate exchange. Transportation Transportation being a method of exchange and a publlo ne cessity, the government should own and operate the railroads In the interest of the people. The telegraph and telephone, like the poetoffice system, being a necessity for the transportation of news, should be owned and operated be the government in the Interest of the people. Land Land, including all natural sources of wealth, is the heritage of the people, and should not be monopolized for speculative purposes, and the alien ownership of land should be prohibited. All land now held by railroad and other corporations, in excess of their actual needs, should be reclaimed by the gov ernment and held for actual settlers only. 8UPPLEMBKTABT BX80LUT1058. Whereas, Other questions having been presented for our consideration, we hereby suomit the following, not as a part of the platform of the People's party but as res olutions expressive of the sentiment of this convention: Resolved, That we demand a free ballot and a fair oount in all elections, and pledge ourselves to secure it to every legal voter, without federal intervention, through the adoption by the states of the unperverted Australian or seoret ballot system. Resolved, That the revenue received from a graduated inoome tax should be applied to the reduction of the burden of taxation now resting upon the domeetio industries of the oountry. Resolved, That we pledge our support to fair and liberal pensions to ex-Union sol diers and sailors. Resolved, That we condemn the fallacy of protecting American labor under the present system, which opens our ports to the pauper and criminal olassee of the world and crowds out our wage earners, and we denounce the present ineffective laws in re gard to contract labor, and demand the further restriction of undesirable imme gration. Resolved, That we cordially sympathize with the efforts of organized workingmen 1 1 1 1 1' 1 1 n n Cnofro cqlWUoo of psnm only Wa lUU'OUiJuO quids tvo. ca,& Loins. Xo, ri rf FARMERS OF KANSAS ! X1T0T7X&X3 Tour growing crops against 10SS OR DAMAGE GY HAIL IV THB FARMERS' ALLIANCE IHSURAHCE COMPANY OF KANSAS. Cost of insurance can In no cut exceed 8 So per acre, and In cim of total loss to crop yon reoeivo $8.00 pr acre. Parti Iom the proportion of $8.00 per aore. Total cost for season of 1801, 17 eenia per aero. . rsrJF or particular address our local agent, or write F1U5D JACK80N, 8007. Mention Advooatd. McPherann. Ran. MANILLA a13 GUARANTEED PURE SISAL. Write for samples and prices If I have not al ready sent them. For probity, promptnens and reliability I refer to every farmer who had dealings with me last year; also to Hide and Leather National Bank, Chicago, and Th Advocatc JNO. B. MILLER, 201 Lake Street, Chicago, 111. to shorten the hours of labor, and demand a rigid enforcement of the existing eight hour law on government work, and ask that a penalty olause be added to the said law. Resolved, That we regard the mainte nance of the large standing army of mer cenaries known as the Pinkerton system, as a menace to our libertiee, and we demand its abolition, and we condemn the recent invasion of the territory of Wyoming by the hired assassins of plutocracy, assisted by federal officials. Resolved, That we commend to the favor able consideration of the people and the re form press the legislative system known as the initiative and referandum. Resolved. That we favor a constitutional provision limiting the tenure of office of president and vice president to one term, and providing for the election of senators of the United States by direct vote of the people. Resolved, That we oppose any subsidy or national aid to any private corporation, for any purpose A Card. S. W. Coombs, of Topeka, Kansas, Is authorized and duly commissioned as a national organizer both of the Knights of Labor and the National Citizen's In dustrial Alliance, and will answer calls to organize assemblies of either of those orders, wherever hls!services may be re quired. Address him at 413 East Tenth street, Topeka, Kansas.