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The independent. [volume] (Oskaloosa, Kan.) 1860-1874, August 08, 1860, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029094/1860-08-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOLUMES ftafr"
'-. -t r.ui'lowni fu.udliv .Idiesoq
J .W. ROBERTS, Editor aid Proprietor.
OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUSTUS, 18G0L1!
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A Ckilif Dream f a Star.
,- i Br CQASLES DICKENS.
4?f?j ijhere was once a child, and he stroll-
ed about a good deal and thought of a
Bimber of things. He had a sister who
wm a child too, and his constant cotn-
MBton.
these two used to woader all
iI&t lone They woncered ai me oeau-
tjpf the flowers: they wondered at the
'height and blueness of the sky; they
wondered at the depth of the bright
inter; they wondered at the goodness
aad power of God, who macle the love
ly world.
They used to say to one another
aoaietimes, "Supposing all the children
-on earth were to die, would the flowers
.aad the water and the sky be sorry?"
They believed they would be sorry.
For, said they, the buds are the chil
dren of the flowers and the little play
jii streams that gambol down the hill--jides,
are the children of the water; and
the smallest bright specks, playing at
the bide and seek in the sky all night,
must surely be the children of the stars;
aad they would, all be grieved to see
their playmates, "the children of men,
,bo more.
There was one clear shining star
that used to come out ia the sky before
the rest, near the church spire, above
-graves. It was larger and more beau
tiful, they thought, than all the others,
and every sight they watched for it,
standing hand in hand at the window.
Whoever saw it first, cried out, "I see
the star!" And often they cried out
both together, knowing so well when it
would rise and where. So they grew
to be such friends with it, that before
. lying down in their beds, they always
looked out oace again," to bid it good
night; and -when they were turning
reusd to sleep they would say, "God
!bless.the star!"
But while slie was still very young
oh. venr. very youne the sister
drooped, and came to be so weak that
be could no longer stand in the win-
' dow at night; and then the child, look
ed sadly out by himself, and when be
saw the star he turned round and said
to the patient pale face on the bed, "1
see the star!" and then a smile would
eome upon the face, and the little weak
' -voice used to say, "God bless my broth-
. er and the star!"
And so the time came all too soon!
when the child looked out alone, and
when there was no face on the bed; and
when there was a little grave among
the graves not there before; and when
the star made long rays down towards
him, as he saw it through his tears.
Now, these rays were so bright, and
they seemed to make such a shining
way from earth to heaven, that when
the child went to his solitary bed, Le
dreamed tnat lying where be was, he
. saw a train of people taken up that
. sparkling road by angels. And the
star, opening, showed him a great world
-' of light, where many more such angels
waited to receive them.
All these angels, who were waiting,
tamed their beaming eyes upon the
people who were carried up into the
star, and some came out from the long
rows in which they stood, and fell upon
the people's necks, and kissed them ten-
derly, and went away with them down
veaues of light, and were so happy in
1 their company, that lying in his bed,
ke wept for joy.
But there were many angels who did
aotgo with them, aad among them was
ae he knew. The patient face that
.oace had laid upon the' bed was glori
fied and radiant, but his heart found
out. his 'sister among the boat.- His
: sitter's angel lingered near the entrance
f the star, and said to the leader among
.whaiad. brought. the people jhith-
"Is my brother come?"
Aadbesaid"No."
She was turning hopefully away,
. when the child stretched out his arms,
t?aBd cried "Oh, sister, I am here! take
J. But" nil ,1a .1.. t..i l.- !..
A ' " ??" "" "" " B"8
, eyes upon him, aad it was night; and
- the star was shining into his room, mak-
' Jh - dag loBg Tays down toward him as he
- saw it through his tears.
Ftwrn that hour forth, the child Iook-
. ed out upon the star as the home he
was logo to, when his time should come,
aad he thought he did not belong to the
. earth alone, but to the star too, because
. of his sister's aagel gone before.
There was a baby born to be a broth
. or to the child; and while be was so
. little that he sever yet, had spoken a
. word, be stretched his tiny form out
. on fats bed and died,
p Agata tbe child dreamed pf the .open
ttar, aad of the company of asgehi, and
ae wain oi people, bbo rows oi angew
4 with their beaatwg.eyes all tamed up-
V? . u,uom people's face.
l' t Haid tiU aiatr uwl.
-- MI my Brother come?"
- And he. said "aot that one, bataa-
As the ehiefffaefaeld his brother's an-
;.fftl ia her arss. .be cried "O. sister. 1
i aere. tafcMM!" And site ttuned
d smiled bjkmi .him. and the star was
l.??; Pr .to'Tbe.aBBg man
.. . .- -
Mi
-1 VV .s?--T.- J at JBIS
books .when an old ser-
.ta.lWQ.aju)id:
"Thy mother is no more. I briac
her blessing on her darling son."
Again at night he saw .the star, and
all that former company., Said his
sister's angel to the leader:
"Is my brother come?
And he said "Thy mother."
A mighty cry of joy went forth tSVo
all the star, because the mother was re
united to her own children. And 'he
stretched out his arms and cried. "O,
mother, sister-atfd brother, . I aarnere.
Take me.". -And they, answered; 'Net
yet," and the star was shining.
He grew to be a man, whose bair
was turning grey, and he was sitting
in his chair by the fireside, heavy with
grief, and with his face bedewed with
tears, when the star opened once again.
aaid his sister s angel to tbe leader.
"Is my brother come?"
And bo said "Nay, but his maiden
daughter."
And the man who had been the child
saw his daughter, newly lost to him, a
celestial creature among those three,
aad he said, "Ify daughter's bead is ou
my sister's bosom, and her arm is
around my mother's neck, and at her
feet there is the baby of olden time, aad
I can bear the parting from -her, God
be praised!"
And the star was shining.
Thus the child came to be an old
man, bis once smooth tace was wrink
led, and his steps were slow and feeble
and his back was bent. And one aigbt
as he lay upon his bed, his sbildrea
standing around him, he cried, as, he
naa cnea so long ago:
"I see the star!"
And they whispered to one another.
"He is dying."
And be -said, "1 am. My age is
falling from me like a garment, and I
moved toward the star as a child. Aad
O, my Father, sow thank thee that it
has- so often opened to receive mote
dear ones who await me!"
And the -star was shiaiag, tad it
shines upon his grave.
From the Ricbmocd Diapatch.
AloauticStary.
A gentleman of this city who has been
many years engaged in the prosecution
of military claims, fell ia accidentally
with a case in which both a man and his
wife received pensions for revolutionary
services, xiie singularity ot the cir
cumstance struck him so forcibly that
he iastituted an inquiry, aBd elicited
from an old lady the sole surviving de
pendent, the following facts f We state
mem suDstamiaiiy, dui our iniormani
not being present, it is possible we may
be incorrect in some insignificant partic
ulars.;
Early in the Revolutionary wana man
named Lane (we think) enlisted in a
company raised sear juacaester, to
serve three years. He went, with his
regiment, to the north, and there joined
Washington's army. Taking part in
all the previons battles, he was severely
wounded at ISrandywine or Uerman-
town, and during the battle and after,
was taken care of by a brother soldier,
to whom he had become greatly attach
ed, and who belonged to the same com
pany with himself. The term of ser
vice having expired, these two- soldiers
were discharged, and returned home,
devoted and inseparable friends. In the
meantime the tide of war rolled to the
south, and the couple bad scarcely
reached their destination, when they
again enlisted to serve.in Gen. Lincoln's
army, at tliat time engaged in the siege
of Savannah. Our readers well know
that Lincoln was afterwards cooped up
in Charleston, and afterwanf compelled
to surrender, after a long siege, to the
Royal forces, under the command of
Sir Henry Clinton.
Throughout the siege Lane and bis
friend stood to their posts like heroes.
and4 did their duty bravely. At last
Lane's comrade was wounded ia turn,
aad was carried off the field in the arms
of his dvoted friend. What must have
bees the amazement of Lane on discov
ering tnattueorave comraae wno nau
so loBg fought by his side, and aad nurs
ed bim so tenderly when he was woun
ded, through the report ot we attenaing
surgeon, was1 a woman! It appears
that she had accidently fallen in with
him somewhere, and had formed a
strong attachment to him. At the same
time, from some cause or otaer, sue naa
made so little impression upon him that
be did not recognixe her in the least
when he afterwards met her disguised
as a soldier. She was in despair when
Lane enlisted, and under the influence
of that feeling, she fled from her par
ent's home, donaed the Continental uni
form, aad' followed him to the wars.
What followed was a proper finale to such
a romance. The wounded woman re
covered, and as soon as the twaia were
released from captivity, they became
one. They lived many years happily
together, and left several children.
Incidents of this naturedisguised
damsels- following their terete lo the
wars in the capacity of pages were
great favorites with all tbe romance
writers. The readers of Shakspere will
recollect that one of bis .plays, turns
upoa something of the same sort. Nev
ertheless, we leel assured that tae taie
we have recorded is true wall its es
sential particulars. At any rate, both
the man aBd bis wife received pensions
tar services rendered as soldiers, until
Jl days of their deaths, respectively,
fflitfeHattfMi
YtBBf Ladies ami Haua-Wark.
A gentleman, remarkable for his
strong good sense, married a very ac
complished and fashionable young lady,
attracted more by lier beauty and ac
complishments than by anything else.
In this it must be owned that bis strong
good sense did not seem apparent. His
wife, however, proved to be a. very ex
cellent companion, and was deeply at
tached to bim, tnougb she still loved
company, and spent more time abroad
than he actually approved. Betas bb
income was good.and his house furnish
ed with a good supply of domestics, be
was not aware of any abridgements of
comfort on this accoaut and be there
fore made no objection to it.
One day, some few months after his
marriage, our friend, on coming home
to dinner, saw no appearance of his
usual meal, but found his wife in great
trouble instead. "What's the matter?"
be asked. "Nancy went off at ten o'
clock this morning," replied his wife,
"and the chambermaid knows no more
about cooking a dinner than the man
in the moon." "Couldn't she have
done it under your direction?" inquired
her husband very coolly. "Under my
direction? I should like to see a dinner
cooked under my direction." "Why
so?" asked the husband, in surprise,
"you certainly do not mean that you
cannot cook a dinner." "I certainly
do then." renlied bis wife: "how should
I know anything about cooking?" the
husband was silent, but his look of
astonishment perplexed and worried his
wife. "You look very much surprised,"
she said, after a momeat or two had
elapsed. "Aad so I am," he answered;
"as much surprised as I should be at
finding the captain of one of my ships
unacquainted with navigation. Don't
know how to cook, and the mistress of
a family ! Jane, if there is a cooking
school anywhere in this city, go to it.
and complete your education, it is defi
cient in a very important particular."
s
The leeret of Beauty.
We believe that American women
are beginning to find out what their
European sisters discovered lontj ago,
that no beauty is attractive which has
tbe characteristics of ill health. A pale
and drooping flower can never com
mand the admiration which is inspired
by a bright and vigorous one. Frailty
and delicacy are evanescent charms,
aad sadder even if they touch the heart.
An intelligent American writer says
that "the chief preservation of beauty,
in any country, is health ; and there is
no place in which this great interest is
so little attended to.as in America. To
be sensible of this you must visit Europe.
You must see the deep-bosomed maids
of England upon the Place Vendouu,
and tbe Hue Vuttigltone. ihere vou
will see no pinched and mean-looking
shoulders, overlooking the plumpness
and round sufficiency of a luxuriant
tournure; the account is balanced, how
ever gross the amount. As for the
French women, a constant attention to
the quantity and quality of their food is
an arucie oi mcir iaun;anu wmiDgwiu
exercise are as regular as their meals.
When children, they play abroad in
their gardens; they have their gymnas
tic exercises in their schools, and their
dancing and other social amusements
keep up a healthful temperament thro'
out life. Besides, a young lady here
does not put her waist in the inquisi
tion. Fashion, usually insane, and an
enemy to health, has grown sensible of
this ; she regards a very small waist as
a defect, and points to the Venus de
Media, who stands out boldly in the
Tuileries, in vindication and testimony
of the human shapes; and now, among
ladies of good breeding, a waist which
cannot dispense with tight lacing, is
thought aot worth the manlua-maker's
bill aot worth the squeezing. When
I left Amertca,the more a woman look
ed like aa hourglass, like two funnels,
or extinguishers converging, the more
she was pretty; and the waist in esteem
by the cockney curiosity of tbe town,
was one you could pinch between
thumb aad finger. A I rencb woman's
beauty, such as it is, lasts her her life
time, by the care she takes of it. Her
limbs are vigorous, the bosom well de
veloped, her color healthy, and she has
a greater moral courage, and is a hun
dred times better fitted to dashing en
terprises, than the women of our cities
are."
Use af Tehacee.
It has been carefully estimated by
nlirsicians that in the United States,
20,000 pesons die annually from the use
of tobacco. In Germany physicians
h calculated that, of all the deaths
which occur between the ages of 18 and
26, one half originate in the waste of the
.:.: hw mntltnrr TnhaeMt -
Uoik aad dei anges tbe nervous powers
aad produces a long train of a vous and
other' diseases, to which the stomach is
liabl;, and especially those forms (hat
go under the aema of dyspepsia, ft
also exerts disastrous influence on the
mind. I am personally acquainted
with several individual, bow at Luna
tie Asylums, whose minds nrst became
impaired by the use of tobacco.
Tbfeeret'eTIlsejaBee.
I owe my success ia. Ufa to one sin
gle fact, via., that at the age' of twenty-seven,
I commenced ana continued
for years, tbe, process, of .daily readhur
and speaking upon the contents of some
nisioncai or scteniinc pooc. x iese on
hand efforts weie made sometimes in a
cornfield, at others in the forest, and
not unfrequently in sos)watstaat,bars,
with the, horse and ox fePmyauditors.
It is to this early practice ia the great
art of all arts that I am indebted for the
primary and leading impulses that stim
ulated me forward, and shaped and
moulded my entire subsequent destiny.
Improve, then, young gentlemen, the
superior advantages you here enjoy.
Let not a day pass without exercising
your powers of speech. There is no
power like that of an orator. Caesar
controlled men by exciting their fears ;
Cicero, by captivating their affections
and swaying their passions. The in
fluence of the one perished with its
author, that of the other continues lo
this day. Henry Clay.
Discovkbt or Laboi Hum ah Sexu
tons. Beck, of Driesbach city, six
miles north of La Crosse, sends the fol
lowing account of the discovery of large
human skeletons, to the Winona (Minn.)
Republican:
A. L. Jenkins, of this place, ia pros
pecting in one of those mounds that are
so common in the Western country,
discovered at the depth of five or six
feet, the remains of seven or eight peo
ple of very large size. One thigh bone
measured three feet in length. The
under jaw was an inch wider lhaa that
of any other man ia this, city. He also
found clam shells, pieces of ivory or
bone, rings, pieces of tottlcs made of
earth and coarse sand. There was at
the neck of ono of these skeletons teeth
two inches ib length by one-half to
three-fourths of an inch in diameter,
with holes drilled in the sides, and the
end polished, with a crease around it.
Also an arrow, five inches long, by one
and a half wide, stuck through the back,
near the back-bone; and,one about eight
inches long, stuck into the left breast.
Also the blade of a copper, hatchet, 1 J
inches wide at the edge, and two inches
long. This hatchet was found stuck in
the skull of the same" skeleton. The
mound is some two hundred feel above
the surface of tbe Mississippi, and is
composed of clay immediately above
the remains, two feet thick; then comes
a layer of black loom; then another lay
er of clay six inches thick, all so closely
packed that it was with difficulty i't
could be penetrated. There are some
four or five different layers of earth
above the remains. There is no such
clay found elsewhere in this vicinity.
Wnr Cuildrkx Die. The reason
why children die is because they are
not taken care of. From the day of
their birth they are stuffed with food,
choked with physic, sloshed with water,
suffocated in hot rooms, steamed in bed
clothes. So much for in-doors. When
premitlcd to breathe a breath of air once
a week in summer, and once or twice
during the coldest months, only the
nose is permitted to peer into daylight.
A little later they are sent out with no
clothes at all, as to the parts of the body
which most need protection. Bare legs,
bare arms, bare necks, girted middles,
with an inverted umbrella to collect the
air and chill the other parts of the body.
A stout, strong man goes out with
gloves and overcoat, woolen stockings,
and thick, double-soled boots, with cork
between and rubbers over. The same
day a child of three years old, an infant
in flesh and blood, and bone, and con
stitution, goes out with soles as thin as
paper, cotton, socks, legs uncovered lo
the knees, neck bsi an exposure
which would disable tbe nurse, kill tbe
mother in a foftnight.and make the fath
er an invalid for weeks. And why? To
harden them to a mode of dress which
tfiey are never expected to practice.
To accustom them to exposure, which a
dozen years later would be considered
downright foolery. To rear children
thus for the slaawhter pen, and then lay
ii to the Lord, is too bad. -Journal of
Health.
Einae af CaiTieti at Jtfferm City.
Some two score of the desperadoes
congregated in the Jefferson City Pen
iteutiary, yesterday noon made a simul
taneous attack upon the prison gate and
actually battered it opes. A lively
conflict ensued between the jrisoa
guards and the escaping prisoners; in
which several of the latter were wound
ed and three were killed. About 20
of the feloBs temporarily succeeded in
making good their escape, but most of
them were probably re-capturd before
nightfall. The mischievous David Har
mon appears as a leading spirit, and was
probably the ringleader of tbe enter
prise. He and another prisoner attack
ed Deputy Warden Ritchie and attempt
ed to wrest his pistol from him, but
Deputy Ruthven came to bis assistance
ana knocked down and secuied Har
mon. Tbe pistol went off aad wound
ed Mr. Ritchie bat aot dangerously.
Intense excitement prevailed in and
around Jefferson City last evening, and
continued to a late boar, consequent
upon the BBusually formidible outbreak
pcBlvicts. St. lovitj Democrat
We copy the following racy
cabd from the Wyandotte Wekern Ar,-
gut. it explains itseiu & T "
1 1f the Editor of tbe LeaveBWorth
Herald does not cease bis waalop aad
UBprovoked. flings at the "daky 'tons
and daughters .of the forest;" .i he
terms them (Leavep worth Herald, of
tbe'gltt.') and beahouM ehaaae io yisit
He will, then be convinced that if Long
fellow was mistaken in supposing them
to he "fairies," he was, at least, correct
in according to them spirit enough ip
reseat (tukailu) iaiujts.i ,
A "iiCSEr lAUGHIKB,
July 25th, 1860,
t
The Sroaxz-The house of Mr.Rey-
no, struck by lightning is South Leav
enworth, yesterday, was completely de
stroyed, with its entire contents, includ
ing furniture, bedding, clothing, Ac.;
Mr. Keyno lost a valuable lot pi non-
nets, worth f 60. At the time the iigni-
niBg struck the building, she, with tbe
children, were indoors, but as soon as
they felt the shock they took flight
thereby escaping without injury. The
whole neighborhood was in the' wildest
state of alarm, at the time, and tbe
greatest consternation, prevailed. The
fire companies that went to the rescue
could Bot propel their engines sp the
steep embankment ib tnat locaiuy, aau
were therefore unable to do any service.
They deserve praise for .the, good will
they showed. We .are pleased to state
that no other houses were injured.
Coup na So-likx. We leant, from
the St. Louis papers' that no lets than
thirty-five persons died from saa-strok'e
on Saturday aad Sunday last When
the thermometer tracks 95 is tbe shade
prudent people will keep in the. shade
without advice from us. It ir a fact all
should remember, that the sun kills
more people than the electric fluid.
SCIT AOA1NSTTBS GREAT EASTKBK.
It is said that the Directors of this
vessel are to be sued by the GraBd
Trunk Railroad Company for breach of
contract. The agreement to bring tthe
ship to the eastern terminus pf the
Grand Trunk was specified, m il is said,
and on the faith of il the Railway Com
pany made a large outlay for harbor
accommodations at Portland. Tbe
Council of that city also expended 360,
000, and an immense amount of capital
was invested by private citizens.
The citizens of Cleaveland are about
erecting a statue in honor of Commo
dore Perry. A correspondent of the
Boston Journal says that this splendid
work of art is now in an advanced state
of completion, and requires but the fin
ishing touch of the sculptor's chisel to
prepare it for the imposing ceremony
of inauguration ou the 10th of Septem
ber next, a day when Commodore Perry
preformed deeds of immortal valor.
mm
05 The following important infor
mation, in relation to the New York In
dian lands of this Territory, we' clip
from the Washington correspondence of
Ihe New York Herald;
The selections for the New Lork In
dians within the New York reservation
in Kansas having been made and approv
ed by the Secretrry of the Interior, the
remainder oi me reservation na ueen
turned over to the General Laud Office
for disposial as other public lands,' and
proper instructions to that effect have
been transmitted to tbe local officers."
These lands, thus thrown open for
public cornpetitioa, are among the fiaest
ia Kansas.
The representatives of the several
railroads between Chicago and, tbe sea
board.have agreed to advance the rates
of freights irradually after the 15th of
August, also to urge upon the different
lines carrying passengers between com
mon points to agree to the abolition of
all agents, outside ofacers aBd payment
of commissions.
Thb Dbooth. This part of Kansas
is actually suffering from want ot rain
Our farmers inform us that the present
season is by far the worst for crops,
thev ever experienced, rotatoes are
almost a total loss the corn still sur
vivo, but looks like the fag end of a
famine in Ireland. Garden-sauce of
vrv description is a aoB-ealltr. and
the farmers themselves present a fotlorn
nieturo. The cattle are getting very
thin; as iah 'Flake would say, "their
hides banc across their backbones ike
a wet dish cloth oyer a telegraph wire'
Something must be done. If ii don't
rain sooa we shall ''all "kerflummix."
Junction Cku StaUman.
The steamer Coaeaught, from Gal
way, the lllh, arrived at t. Johns, N
F on the 19th isst. The aews is gea-
nllr animBortaat. The Prince of
Wales embarked oa the Hero at Ply
mouth for Canada, on the 9lh iast., and
sailed at eight o'clock oa the morning
of the IOUk
A telegram from Washiagton of the
20th, states ths aumberof si-res of laud
included, ia the proclamation of sale ia
the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
is 7000,000.
ibis locality .some of the "dueky uaugw;
ters" here might comahmeBt this, bom
wun an aoiuuos in ae "oig.muuv.i
?. ors;
Fitch of Indiana, Harlan of to waYCrfi-f
leadea ofKelacky, SImMI ofLewsri
asa, Pearee of;htarylend..GreeU ofifjs-
souri, Clarkof jNew, Hampshire Sew
ard of Hew I one, uungraan m norm
Carolina, Pugb of Ohio,1 'Lane of Ore
gon, Bigler of Penney Ivxaiaf, Hammond
of South .CaroliBS, CaUamer ,ot. iVer
mont and Durkee of, Wisconsin 14
Democrats. 7 Republicans and- one A
mencan. Dxavaa Cm; July, J 6,
This eity was yesterday vititedi by a
severe, thuader storm. For one. hour
rata fell ia a perfect sheet, accompanied
with hail. The streets were flooded with
water, aad quite a large amouat of goods
were damaged which were stored in cel
lars. So. dense was the tailing .rain jihat
persons could not see across the. street.
The Metropolitan billiard sakraawas
struck by lightning; shattering one cor
ner of the building and stunning" sever
al persons. We have enjoyed fine show
ers every afternoon, for a week, much to
tbe iov of our gardeners. A large adobe
building, jrith a brick front, on Blake
street: in process of erection.' fell in du
ring the storm, owing-to the; walls b-
ing undermined oy we noou.
A mulatto man named Stark, formely
from Omaha, was shot, yesterday by a
man named Harrison, but be will prob
ably recover.-
The adr-.'nee division of U S. troops
from Camp Floyedj on their way. Id'Ar-
izonaundcr command ot Col. Morrison,
passed through here this morning, xne
rear division is expected through to-morrow.
All are in excellent health.
- bb si
DadcTB is Texas.' A' recent letter
from Saa AatOBibi Texas, states that
for one' hundred miles around that
place, corn will not average one -bushel
to the acre, and that the cotton crop is
likewise almost a total failure. Girt
is also dried up, and bulJeW streams
running in tbe country. Corn, 2 per
bushel and flour 912 per barrel. ,
Wiluah Walekr Aoaik. Gen. Wm
Walker, it is said, has collected another
lot of filibusters, and it about to make
a descent upon one of the, Bay islands,
which have been recently receded .by
England to the republic of Honduras?
J-The U. S. Agricultural Exhibi
tion-will be held at Ciacianatr-from
September. I2tb to the 20th. Tbe pre
mium list amounts to $20,000. No
aula will be received, on account of
Pleuro pneumonib; bat large premiums
will be onered lor Horse macaiBery,
steam fire eBgiaee, .die.
Garibaldi abo Kossuth. Two dis
tinguished Hungarian officers of high
rank nave offered their servirtes,through
ox-Gov. Kossuth, to Garibaldiind wUb
the' assistance of freinds of the eaase
in,Glasgow, leave immediately, for the
seal of war. uiasgov nercua.
Joha F KiBBey has been appointed
Chief Justice for the Terriloy of Utah,
vice Judge Eckels, resigned.
A disease resembling pleuro-pneumo-nia,
has broken out among the cattle of
Guthrie county. Iowa, and several have
already died.
Tlie Pacifie and Atlantic Telegraph
line is now completed toVirsalia 280
miles from San Francisco, on the But-
terfield route.
, , i -
The steamship Pennsylvania, of tbe
Philadelphia, and Richmond line, was
destroyed by fire on the night of tlie
19th, ia the James River near James
town. ..Three children were lost. The
fire was caused by spontaneous Com
bustion. '
A woman in Detroit, 58 years of age,
on the 25th ult., married a youth aged
18. She said he did'nt amount to much
as a man,, but she.had more mosey than
she knew what to do with, aad wasted
somebody to spend it. Ex.
The Blue Sulphur Springs, in Green
briar county, Ya., have been purchased
for the establishment of a Baptist col
lege, at 910,000.
Harriet Hosmer, the great Boston
sculptress, has a commission from Si.
Louis geBtlemen for a bronze statue, of
BcBtoB.ior which shew to have 9iu,uuu.
The Hon. James ,B. Bonluvlate Uni
ted States commissioner to. Paraguay,
has declared himself in favor of Break-
bridge aad Lane. Evenf JHtpekA.
Srria is ia a state, of civil war, and
the Haroaitesaad Drusesare killing each
other as rapidly as posible.
A New Yorker was 'stabbed by a
Philadelphia!! with a bowie knife, 'kl
the'.St. Niebelas Hotel, New York, o
ths evening of the 26ih. U T
Samuel C. Paxton, PreaUeat of the
Cora Exchange, Bank, died suddenly ia
New York Cityi'on tiie 26tli, of con-,
gestion of the brain.
The Senators whose terms expire ia
1861, aad whoso placs are' to be 'filled
by the next Legislature of their States,
are Fitxpttricki of Alabama; Johasea.ef
ArkaBsas, Gwia of, California, Foster
of Cto.nBectfcutYuleeof.Ffoi.Ivjeir
son of Geonnin. Trumbull of Illinois.
,- isoir tjtiiiMi iti miitty
MEixatwuvci tb aaeaJnym
m oar flrsf conviction t
readers of the "lfewmmBeV
ly mform thimiilvte ia regard tawj
aHMtyKsdveatagsa iVaieviJumaee
they would give to these nam areas ad
smMEsa wwa wmkw son uiaMQSvswtsw,
maytbua have hisoma aimtmstl
of as both, trueed wportaat,uthcy
would ia one siBgle.year increase their
crops aBdlheirta'niore tBsa'a!sa
senptioa to "Tbe DottoNcwiiB&eV'
far teB.orevftnlweatyyeara wouHeaet
them. Let.the.BBt.jwdktiaeii4o
the test,, and we are coaSdeat, they .will
find it'true' Tfcy wSlRBAaK'if
they will asahw attexferiaMBVaB$e$ri.
ate for tbe purpose, tluiaKWaMww
hoeing-awl stirrwg.pC teelsewiwillipro
duee ""liaimfiawt.Mi.
crops as a good deal of maauiisg,aal
Ihatvfor' thVrtnson; suih' tillage bptli.
lioas r ere wn- a4a'petapresce1a
mellow: and finely divkl4auts' af Bw
soil, aad amy be subsumed ia.the alaae
of manure wbeMyer there ia a seascity
of the latter, or aa?Mlwrcire'aiic
wkiag to nwOiesuck asubiwiuta 'ex
pedient.;, An experiment'whwib iwonhl
put;this. matter to;tkete,sjiyIfcmsf.
or other, reader of, litis peneJU.inMcht
easily make, by setting apart a portion
of his garden,' or-of a field.7 tobi pit
into corn or some root eropyaasl thes,
duriBg the.gtpwjh of lbs crop. kesftaVs
soil of that, pertiea .of ihe.fiekl aadiaaf
den very fine, loose and melfowbyj sui
table hoeing and stirring while on soms
neigtiboring' portioh''df thevgatsea?or
fields BBder tbe sasne erep J hysshewM
apply a good dressing of;soaK appropri- -ate
fertilizer. Such an experiment
might be made with sa9celyaay trouble
or. expense, and as k weoW ae-aoahly
quitu iutaresUagt'bnLalsmriasBraolree,
and suggestive of some possible improys
meals, we hope quite a uamher.el'the
readers of the Newspaper' Wfll make
suclran experiment during llie'cstittg
season, and report tbe resalis:'tat'ine
close thereof!, 7 Hera k :alchueer.for
those, whohave. public spirit; eaaaghi
make them with that they might, some
way or other, contribute, were it jButa"
small mite, to the increase of sgrKuiraral
kBCfwIedgSfaad the improremtntrefiag-
ricultural practice. They caa..d.'sa by
trying some such' experiment, and. re
porting 'the results. But the meat ion
of the proposedexperTment'has jmM"as
away from U10 tram'bf fbowgbt'whieh
we bad ia mind wbeB -ws eoasmeaead
thii present writing. In takiajr apeur
pea, it was our main purpose tasayljuir,
inasmuch as scanty orpooV crops are a
yery cemmon matter of com'plainti'iail
as a great many'wish'L!tbat they "bad
mors- asaaura as thtircpmawaa fhan
they' make every, yearon taeHtobwa.
farms, there is a source of comfort aad
bonsolatioa for' SBchmrmers-both foe;
those wbogrieve'everUlieif satairtrops
and those who1 would like to;haveimono
fertilisin? materials ta nut, UDoanlWar
Linis :for all such, ,we propose ,to saj.
mere is coraiort anu oonsoiaiion m wci,
that by thorongh tiltagc-hoeing itif
riag, pulveriziug and mllowwgr-'sf
soil as good crops caa;be raisedaar by
orui nary appucauou oBUBana Bsawf f.
We propose'd also to 'bring foifwaril
some facts in pi oof and -iUustratiop of
the berieficiar resulti'of keepmg the soil
ia a mellow, loose, aad finely pwrrer
ized;coadjtioa. ia order to fix. and . deep
en tlie conviction that the ajlvantagea.o.f
keeping the soil in this' condiifoa aro
too numerous and'too'impbitaat'Sa'Be
neglected as much'aethey" areata the
farming of the great ma jeriiy J j
We were led to .undertake this task
of endeavoring to produce a deep jaml
operative- convietiea'ef the advaaiagea
ofkeepiag the" soil ia a free leose,'' po
rous, finely pulverized coadi tiew -fay she
hope that bundredsao( the; readers -fif
the "Newspaper" might be so-far Mr
fldeBced by our proof and illustratita
observations a 'to lay 'their plaas for
the work af the eomtag season iai sash,
a way as to be provided bebecbsaU
with .the proper, (irapjements,t. aad ta
'bring the beneficial operatioa of thor
ough stirring of the soil fo test, aaii
ia such a way- at
avail themselves
te eaabie7 tacts' a
of the advantaMa
which such; thorpught jtiOegt ;usuewy. jf
aot always, bnngswith lt Oae-rer
of the "Newspepcr"' has'foiiad much
advantage ia thorough tilbige,2 aad hi
would Kke to have bthersBnTesiehahea
te enjoy the same. - J" H
y l: . . fr 1 "O
Thstwriter af- the DechuatMnef Ia-
dependence WMpeasknmtelfc bmA
Jefferson need to: leM iwitb Maai'chW,
He was fiWhome; wbjsnascrjnd,
and a slave arriyed out pt breath to in
form his master of the ifm- Ar
karwagthsgiHsrieVrukVia.
quired: ..... . 1
Bat were bobs of my bosfcs anted??
"No massa, but we saved the da!"
wasthe.reply, , ,a
; "That'e yery, sisfkW. r saida aateil -heart
oa beiBc.hiased.by.lirlwrefjs
"WeiritieaFir makol it laral.ia
pSelnc, - w ' - xm
rrl
halth.
wbiWmi-
is pkylsg c3thatiBStramcat! " la 1T7T
his fomily ''manoa' was srat"ah'.

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