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THE INDEPENDENT: OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, OCTOBER 3, 1860.
i' r-'' T. Al S1PI ni ill t i ' pi, !. ! H M I. I t '1 r. n il i Si i ? W. 101I1XI, Hifar. JOtM W. DAY, AMdato Mi tor. OSKALOOSA, KANSAS. aw WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 3, 1860. lAUOADS. We mast hare railroads is Kansas ; bat we mast not raa wild oa :he sub ject, tad, if possible.not Bake mistakes ib locating- them. The aataral roads here are so good, that prodace can be taken to market by rlbroM way with loo much facility for to plaBge ib debt to secure a more ftedy method of reaching deposatories we are yet ia oar infancy. We aia:frow aad get atroag before the UttosatMl tMaoaaibililiea of maturity c Wjamamu- with safety. The child that aMamats to walk before it is able to karkfoara weight, either breaks down or beeonws bow-legged and de formed. Caarywg oat the simile, we do aot wish Kumm to be either bow- legged, broken down or deformed : but upright, f rm aad smewy. Hence, we are opposed to everiaadiag ia our in taacyaad yoath. ki Bat with care we ch jcoaetract a few railroads daring the next tenjeare; i i ' ?.- . . . " m uj inviting eastern capital to our aid may build as many as we need. Oae of the greatest evils resulting from ear territorial condition whea we ought now to be a State, k the fact that we cannot, as a territory, legally hold ou( maaoemeaii tor capital to come into ear midst, as we coeldlf clothed with fall sovereignty. In this respect at least, it m a real misfortune for us to remain ia minority. .Bat where shall we build our first railroads? This Is a questieaof the greatest importance, and wjtea it is set tled, the question of rivaling' among the; towns will go with it. And thu. bdagtbe ease, it is a delicate subject to handle ; but we design to be candid, and intend to take a stand which, if our unprejudiced judgment proves correct, . will be acknowledged ten and twenty years hence as the one which truth and reason point as judicious and right. The first important railroad nhicl Kansas should buiid we leave private enterprise to be conducted as those hav ing charge of them please thotdd start from, the commercial center of the terri tory end reach "out into the producing pert of the country. Where is the com mercial center or centralizing point? Undoubtedly it is Leavenworth city. We do not say this in disparagement to any-other point, bat state it as a sim ple fact of history. ,4The first railroad, then, ought to start, from Leavenworth and extend to Topeka, and if possible, or as soon as possible, a branch should ruu down in m the southern portion of the territory, taking in the Neosho valley.and all the region that way. Such an arrange- meat as (his of course we mean to extend the road beyond. Topeka as soon and as (art as possible the fanners of our young state will have the facilities of 'transporting their produce brought so near them they will always be able Jo command good prices for the same. Every dollar a farmer-invests in a rail road that he can eetity reach, is a direct hide the price of that which he produces. A BAIUtOAB WILL PAT FOB ITiKLT IX TEN rx Ami that is the increased prices it will enable the faiaw to realize for what Ua grows, and the enhanced raluc of all ilm land aear it will, in the time warned, aaMuat to a maeh as the road net. The railroads we now build, we shalt have as deer profit in ten years ,'JM jast aow we do not design to disease .that poiat; in it there U matter noagb for an article by itself. 'The sbxt most important question is, flow shall we build our railroads ? This fs hardly a secondary point, lt.is easi ly answered. , Male the (freed leedwij or trunk road straight. It used to be tho't that railroads mast he located along streams in order to find proper grades for coastracliB , them- This notion is no longer entertained by mileoad men. As a rale, and it has few if any excep tions, it requires a much greater outlay to keep a road in repair along a river than away fwm it; andihe. reason is obvioas. Every stream of any impor tance has ahle-stremns emptying into it at short intervals and these are ever I 3 sabject to washings, and aic forever undermining- the Mad. In thh way they are a constant' source of expense - never-ceasing drain apon the earn inffs of tile road; and besides tht, they are most kuiImI causes of accidents, as thelitory of,.he past , has fearfully retarded: t v- .Tkese are aoweripl reasons for avoid ingstrcaats.' as, a, matter of economy aad safety;. but, more thaB this, Mere is nefning- saved ir the 'start by following htrenm s ,Tale ; an example, tlie route be- frti Leavenworth city- and Topeka. land jovial '-Knight of tho Quill," .iscen By running the road in a straight lint ded the jp of the ElJridg- House, instead of along the Kiw river, m is proposed by some ; the distance will be shortened 16 miles. Now the addition al cost of iron and work on this 10 mtlcs extra, will pay fur all the extra grading that will be required on a straight line. In other words the cost of the crooked or long road will be equal to 'ha straight and short one. Then what ? For all time to come there is a positive loss of 16 milts tnear and tear and travel. Admitting that the roads when built would be only equally liable to accidents, ( which. we have al ready shown, and experience has prov ed the fact, is not the case) and we have 16 miles loss of lime every day each way, for passengers and freight, every day forever 1 And then we have the additional expense of keeping up 16 miles of useless road forever ! And besides these things, it is well known that roads with curves are harder on machinery and wear out (the rails) sooner than straight ones ; and herb is added another bill of expeuse for all future time ! Let it be borne in mind that we are not building a road for a day, nor for one generation, but for the future all along down the annals of time, and for our children's children, throughout all generations: Surely, then, we ought to act with wisdom, and not be swayed by the small side-issues of an apparently temporary advantage. 'Where there are no special advan tages of 'situation for manufacturing purposes, therejsno policy (at least in a new country) in mating poimts on road. For example, it woulibe folly for the builders of a road to run ten-or fifteen, or even ttco miles out of the nay to reach Oskaloosa ; and what is true of 'us is equally true of any town in Kansas at this time. Between the two given points.rnu ti-e road straight, and trade will come to it. Running after trade, is also running away from it Railroads are equalizers, and the equalizers should not themselves be unequal. Produce and rustom comes to the road ; it should not be diverted from a great point to hunt (he other. We have enough facts before us' for one article; and they are of the utmost importance are vital and underlie for all countries and all time. Txventy years ago, when the Little Miami Railroad was built, connecting Cincinnati and Springfield, Ohio, it was thought that roads must follow stieams and it iis built on that prin ciple. That mistake costs th road thousands and thousands of dollars ev er' year, and will continue to do so on to the end. It is probable that the ad ditional expense has already cost as much as to build a road, and it is yet a perpetual source of added expense. Aud after all the want of a straight track is felt everj- day, especially foi fast trains; for cars cannot be run as swiftly on curved as on straight roads ; and the distance being some 18 miles greater, there is nearly an hour lost every trip and with four trains each way per day, there is a dead loss oi lime of (speed aud distance counted) full eight hours each day on passenger trains alone. This multiplied by 313, the number of working dty in the year gives the large sum of 2504 hours or OVER 05E IIUKDRED DATS LOSS TIME evebt tear, on passenger trains alone. Count up the cost of fuel, of ltands, of watchmen, of wear all expenses, and the sum for a single year is start ling. Multiply this by thousands, and the sum will presently amount to en ough to build all the railroads the coun try needs. What is true in one cae is true in others. The one leadini: idea for con structing trunk railroads, is a bee-like; and a departure from this policy will always prove suicidal in the ed. Railroad men of Kansas, make a no:e of this, aad act wisely. More anon. Gmraor Seward at Lawreace Anxious to b'e aud hear the distin guished Senator from New York ou his recent visit to Kansas, iu company with a number of friends we started for Law rence very early on the morning of the 26th ult., and arrived in that city about 9 o'clock A. M. Already the streets begau to fill ap with strangers from city, town and hamlet, from valley aud highland, evincing a desire ou the part of our people to do honor to the nation's champion of Freedom and free institutions. Gov. Seward and A. Carter Wilder, Esq., had sooe incog oa a "flyin" visit' to Topeka, and the procession was .to go out to meet them on their Vlurn, forming iu Lawrence at about 11 o'clock A. M, previous to which lime, iu pas sing through the increasing crowd, we had the pleasure of meeting many old acquaintances, and of forming numer- ous new ones. The procession was forming, aud we had about determined not to join it, ti when our friend Charles Da Vivaldi,' of the Western Kansas Express, a social and extended to us a most cordial invi taaon to taxe a seal witn mm in ms buggy, which we readily accepted. A cavalcade of horsemen, and a long procession of cai riages, met Gov. Sew ard about two miles west of Lawrence, and returned to the city by the way of Mount Oread, from which eminence the beholder has a beautiful prospect of the Kansas aud Wakarusa vallevs, and a large scope of country above.below and beyond in every diicction. On the arrival al the Eldridge House, three enthusiastic cheers were given, when the assembled multitude dispers ed for dinner. A I three o'clock speaking was to commence, and the street in front of the Eldridge House was densely croud ded with men and women, while scores of persons filled the doors, windows, awnings, balconies.and every spot with in a reasonable distance, eager to hear the peerless Senator in his first great effort on Kansas soil. Brief speeches of welcome were de livered by Mayor Deitzler and Gov. Robinson. Gov. Seward arose to reply, but cheer after cheer from the immense crowd for some time prevented him from attempting to speak. After a time the enthusiasm occasioned by his appearance upon the stage subsided.and '.he distinguished Senator delivered a masterly speech, which was listened to with marked attention, except when in terrupted by enthusiastic cheers and plaudits. The exordium was truly beautiful and eloquent, and the entire effort evinced the deep profundity of thought that characterizes its- eminent author. We would be glad to publish this speech but it is too lengthy for the limited space nol previously taken up. Gen. Nye and Gov. Patterson follow ed Mr. Seward in brief addresses, sup plving the audience with a fund of hu mor that provoked many a hearty laugh and enthusiastic round of applause. Iu the evening Gen. Nye and Rev. Mr. Kallock addressed a large assembly for two hours or more. The Gen. re minds us very much of the ''Wagoner Boy" of Ohio, but he is not his equal. Gen. Nyo's humor provokes a laugh "for the fun of the thing,'' while Gov. Coririn's is eminently illustrative nud argumentative, and sometimes very elo quent, aud will read in print much bet ter than woald Mr. Nve'j. But after Tom. Corwin the Gen. is one of the best stump orators we have ever heard. Altogether we were abundantly paid for our trip to Lawrence, and arc not at all sorry wo went. i i Douglass County Jail. When in Liwreneo last week, we will: others of our citizens, visited the jail recently erected iu that place; and were kindly shown through it by Sherifl Walker. We have never before examined a belter planned and more substantially built structure for the same purpose. It was designed, if we mistake not, iu Cincinnati, aud consists of two build ings one within the other the inner one consisting of iron, and the outer one of brick, with a space of nearly two feet between the inner and outer walls. It is two stories high, nnd con tains a tier of cells on each sido of the hall above aud bcliw, the upper rooms being larger aud lighter than those in the first stoiy. The floors, walls aud ceiling of the inside building, and the roof of the outside structure, are all made of iion and are fire-proof. The design is complete, the internal airau gemeuts almost perfect, aud evety thing is made doubly secure. We cannot conceive in what particular it could be improved, either for safety,coneuicuco. or comfort. DJimcii State Robbery. In January, 1859, it was discovered that, from the evidences of State in debtedness delivered to Gov. Mattcson, in .1853, some 8223.000 had been ab stracted, that the same had been fund ed by Gov. Mattcson, and that State bonds hud been isxued to fiim for that amount. At the time of this 'iseov"c ry, the Legislature of Illinois was in session, and a committee was appointed to investigate the subject, and to ascer tain if other robberies hal been com mitted tho investigation to commence after adjournment, and the report to be made to the next Legislature. The in- ves'igation his resulted in the discove ry of an abstraction of coupons to the amount of $6,480. Bonds for this amount weie issued and deposited with the State Auditor, i trust for the State Bank of Illinois! This Bank is the property of Ex. Gov. Mattcson. Janu ary 3d,.1869,he preseuted at the State TrcasuiTr's office.lhree of these bonds, which were paid to him! It is said that suit will'be commenced at once against Mattcson for the amount. Couktt Convention. The Repnbli cxbs of Jefferson County will hold their County Convention at Ne well's Hall in thw place, on next Saturday, at 12 o'clock M. ThtYestiral. We are authorized to annoaace that there will be a grand Festival at New ell's Hall in this place, on next Wed nesday night, October 10th. A change has been made iu the time from Tues day to Wednesday night owing to an other matter that would materially in terfere with the first arrangement. The object of this festival being for the benevolent purpose of obtaining means with which to furnish the New Church with carpet, blinds, stand lamps, dec, we would urge upon all who feel at all able to donate something to enrich the table on that occasion, to "throw in their mite;" and then not fail to be in attendance on Wednesday night, that we may have a pleasant and social time together. The new church is one of the neatest and best we have seen in Kansas.and nil desire to see it furnished with the s-ime neatnessand taste in which the architects and builders have finished it. We venture the assertion that no church in the Territory can boast a more beautiful chandalier than now hangs in this, and it is desirable that stand lamps should be procured to match it. It is the design of the Trus tees of the Church to have it entirely finished by the time the Quarterly meeting will commence, which will be on the S3th inst. Let the friends lend their aid to this enterprise, and assist in making the festival a grand social en tertainment, and profitable also, for the cause is eminently good and worthy. -.. . -' Dwtrwt Coart. . As we announced last week, the next ternfof the District Court for Jefferson County, will commence on Monday, the 15'h inst. We learn from Mr. Hayeks, the Clerk, that there arc on tho Docket for this term forty-five Criminal and one hundred and ten Civil cases, among which we name the following as the most important : Territory vs. Auerman, Larceny ; ' Kennedy, Assault with intent to kill ; Anthony Haas, et al, Mur der : Wm. Haskill. et al. Mur der; Jos. Myers, Manslaughter; J. M. Johnson, Grand Lar ceny ; Wm. II. Irish Perjury; ' Lafayette Wendell. shoot ing with intent to kill; Ewing vs. McManamy, el al. Remanded from Supreme Court for new trial, (in relation to Ktw Lands ;) Atkisuii vs. Atkison, Divorce ; Elliott vs. Lockuame, et nl, suit for damages, (destroying Free Stato press at Liiwrvuce ; J Standiford vs. Standiford, Divorce ; F.irnsworth vs. Clmpmun fc Ide, (in re lation to Kaw Lands;) Schuster vs. Schuster, Divorce; Goblc vs. Goble, Divorce ; Whitehair v. Whitehair, Divorce; Holding vs. Morehead ; J. W. Henry Executor vs. Jeffries, (in relation to Kaw Linds ; ) Bainter vs. Bainter, Divorce ; Territory on relation of Taylor vs. Tur ner, Quo Watranto. Bobbery in Lawrence. On Thursday morning last, before leaving Liwrenee, we were informed that a bold robbery wns committed at the Johnson House tho night before. The iron safe bebnging to that house was opened by means of a false kev, and money to the amount of about three hundred dollars abstracted. We learn from the Lawrence Republican that the money belonged to G. W. Roy nolds, a boarder in the house; and that papers of considerable value were also taken; but the thief, finding them of no convertible value, dropped them before leaving the houe. (&tnml fjlta. Fatal afray. Urhaxa, III., Sept. 20. At tho County Fair Ground to-day, Samuel Ranklin and John Murphy got into a fight. Murphy stabbed Ranklin in the breast, killing him instantly. Murphy was arrested. Wasuington, Sopt. 27. ' The President uow irives more than usual attention to our foreign affairs. A room tor Ins special use has just been prepared al the State Department. About fifty clerks thus tar have been appointed in the Census Bureau ; among them, to-day, is Wm. C. Delano, well known in connection with the Southern press. The Post Office Department has de termined to discontiue the present mail service from St. Joe. to Denyer.nnd send the mails round by Council Bluffs. A grand display, and a visit to Mount Vernon, are in the programme for the entertainment of Baron Renfrew. The receipts into the Treasury last week were $1,004,000, of which about $900,000 were for customs. A private lAtter from China savs that Minister Ward has written to Washington for six month's absence.owing to the condition of his health. J&Alden's type setter has been so simplified as to 'dispense with 154 nut of 180 levers, to substantiate a pair of fingers to take hold of tho type, and to set and distribute 2,000 cms an hour. Doaf iai at Iadiaaaplia. Indianapolis, Sept. 28. The Douglas State Mass Meeting, to day,was the largest assemblage of the Democracy-since '56. The procession, composed of wagons and footmen,bear ing banners, dec, was about an hour in passing a given point. The most im posing feature of the procession was the young-ladies car.in the centre of which stood n young lady attired as the god dess of Libert. The desire to see Douglas was mani fested by all party men. His speech was of the same tenor that has charac terized all his speeches during the pres ent campaign. He spoke about an hour and a quarter. He refused to answer a question pro- pounded by je Indiana Journal, say ing wey suouiu saumi. some w uieir own candidate for answer before offer ing such to him He alluded to Breckenridge in severe terms, charging him and his party of abandoning the princples of Democracy, and (braking some planks in the Cincin nati platrorm upon which he and Bfeck enridge stood shoulder to shoulder in '56. The crowd was variously estimated at from 35,000 to 50,000, inclading a largo delegation from Kentucky. A torch light procession and display of uru-wums iou& piace in we evemug.-- Van Buaair, Ark., Sepl.S7. The Bell and Everett part? hoisted a magnificent flag last night in this place, amid roaring ofcannoaa and enthusiasm of a great mnltitade. Hon. Jesse Tur ner addressed the crowdln an eloquent, able speech.-''' All are sanguine Arkan sas will declare Tor Bell and Everett. r Chicago. Sept. 28. It is now positively certain that the schooner St. Mary, foundered the night that the Lady Ehrin sank. One of her small boats drifted ashore on Sunday last a short distance north of this city. One body, previously supposed to have been lost with the Lady Elgin, has been identified as one of the crew of the mis sing schooner. There were eleven per sons, including the crew, on board the vessel. She was valued at 96,000. Lancaster, O., Sept. 28. The fall races over the Fashoa Course, Laheaster, commences on Thursday, Oct. 4lh,and continues three days. The great match race between Alamode and Blue Tail Fly, for 91, 000 a aide, will be run on Fri 'ay, Oct. 6h. Several Kentucky horses are already entered. Osweoo, Sept. 28. The Canadian schooner Caledonia, with lumber from Toronto for this port, went ashore in the air gale this morning, below thu Fort.nnd will be a total wreck. Crew saved,. Other vessels aretepor ted ashore down the Lnke. Walker's Execatioa. New Orleans. Sept. 28 Ten shots were fired at Walker.amid cheers of the soldiers. He was decent ly buried by the foreigners at Truxillo. The natives did not take pari in the ex ecution. Col. Rudler was sentenced to four years imprisonment. Pittsburo, Sept. 28. The train duo this p. u., from the East.on the Pennsylvania Railroad, when about a milo Enst of Stewart's station, near Greensburg, one passenger car went over an embankment twenty feet. From twenty to thirty persons were in jured ; two or three only seriously. Newark, N. J., Sept. 28- The roof of the Repulican Wigwam, in the First Ward, in this city, fell in this morning.iujuring several men , two were not expected to live. Seward aad Doaglai Freparatiau at Chicago. Chicago, Sept. 28. Great preparations are being made by the Republicans and Democrats for the reception ot senators bo ward and Douglas next week. Arrangements have been made with all the leading railroads the issuo of half-fare tickets. Mr. Seward will arrivo oa the eve of Oct. 1st, and address the Republicans the next day. Mr. Douglas is expect ed to arrive on the eveening or the 4th, and will address the Democracy on the 5th. From Bostoa. Boston, Sept, 28. The Republicans of the Fifth District to-night unanimovsly nominated Anson Burlingame for re-election to Congress. R. A. Chapman, of Springfield, was to-day confirmed as one of tho justices of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. TiJUtllOXIAL ITEMS. Wuat Industrt and Pxrsxvxranck can AccoMPLisa.-Mr. John McDonald, living about two miles South-east of town, has just finished the digging of a well on his claim. 1 he well is thirty two feel deep,mostIy tli rough solid rock. Mr. McDonald dug the wjl himself, and Mrs. McDonald hoisted the stone out of the well with a common pail. It is very tastefully walled up, with a mound or black slate-stone three feet in higl.t around the mouth of the Well which prevents any dirt or surface wa ter from getting into it. Mr. McDonald is fifty-six years of age and his lady is not far short of fifty. We wish them health to enjoy the fruits of thier toil. Ft. Scott Democrat. Large Cat Fisu. "Fisherman's luck" is not always a delasioa. An in stance occurred yesterday a gentle man named N. D. Short, while fishing aear the brewery, caught an enormous specimen of a fish. It was five feet, eght inches in length, and measured three feet aad four inches around the body. The weight of it was 117 pounds. Lear. Timts. Fatal ArraxT inAllxs Cocxtt.- James Vearsley of Osage City, a ae phew of Benjamin Yearsley, ofLaiv enworih, has? bad a idincalty.,of mng standing with a man aamod JW.Beek. Not long since.the latter foaad that the plunger bad been taken from a pump in a saw mill ib which h had aa inter est. Beck charged the act upon Years ley, aud went tohis, haase,. tryiag-Jq force him out. Yearsley says that bis life bad previously beea treatened by B. add that he had once instigated a mob to visit him. Beck waa accompanied bv a man named Ran.- Wbi e thev were strggliag, Y. calledftto his son to bring out his, revolver-; which being done, both parlies tried to secure it. Yearsley succeeded, aad then ahot Beck, who died instantly? Y. has sur rendered himself to taa7aathoroties,aBd will be taken to Fort gentt tor trial, at the session of the Diettict Coart,to con vene there October first. Leavenworth Tones. 1 Sentenced xob ah Attxkpt to kid nap. A shortftime since. Mr. Hatch er went to St. 'Joseph, from Kansas, ta king nithbim a negro woman whom he tried to sell. She insisted that she was free and bad been dcored to St. Joseph under false pretenses'. Hatcher was arrested, tried before Judge Wood son, and his guilt clearly proven. He has just been sentenced to the peniteu nary lor eighteen years. This is a se ven punishment, bat probably a just one. We are glad to see that the peo ple of our neighboring State are dispos ed to deal with sach offenders according to tneirjust deserts. Leav. Times. Tax Ute Indian Bor in Boston. Our readers may be interested to hear something of tbe little Ute, an account of whom we published some time ago. It will be remembered that he was bought from tbe Arapahoes, who cap tured him during a foray against the Utes. Mr.Collamer,lhe purchaser, writes to Mr. Tappan, of Denver, that the young savage had arrived safe ia Bos ton. He had been sick with tbe mea sles.but had bow recovered -The mys teries of the alphabet were being rapidly unfolded to his "untutored mind." He has been sent to school to receive an English education. Leav. Times. The prolific yield of the Chinese Su gar Cane, notwithstanding the drouth, the present season, has established its success as a plant for Kansas growth In many fields In tuts section, where planted by the side of corn, the stalks of which did not arrive at one-half, or even one quarter its usual growth, the Sugar Cane has produced fully equal to last season. The manufacture of mo lasses has commenced,and we hearTery satisfactory accounts of the quality and quantity that is being produced. The farmers on Eagle Creek will supply themselves withasufficiency of this nec essary arttcle.pnactpally from one mill, The citizens of Fremont township are also engaged in its manufacture sever al samples of which have been seen that were excellent. Uwing to the unfavor able weather in the spring we presume the number of acres planted will not exceed that of last year, but the "pinch ing limes" will compel a more econo mical use of what was raised, and the result will be a larger quantity of home made molasses maufactured than lust season probably nearly sufficient to supply this neighborhood for the winter; at n cost of not over nity cents per gal lon. Emporia Xrws. A Max Shot Last Friday evening, between nine and tea o'clock, a colored man by the name of Allen Pinks was shot in oar city, upon the corner of Massachusetts and Winthrop streets. The ball struck him on the back of the head, glanced upon the skull, and lodged in bis neck. The physicians any the wound will not prove fatal. Upon the affidavit of Pinks, John Dean was arrested, aad examined on Monday and Tuesday, before Jastice Wilder. He was held for trial at the District Court, in five hundred dollars bonds. Lawrence Republican. Letter frea Mr. Haraey. Mr. T. F. Hersey, of Dickinson couBty, who accompanied the Smoky Hill Expeditioa to the gold regions, has written a letter from Colorado Cily.ua der date of August 21st, to the Junc tion City Statesman, from which we make the following extracts: "We arrived in this place ob the 18th inst., all alive aad well, with the excep tion of one young nun who waa killed by the Kiowa Indians in Jaly. The company were all over the country when they made the attack. The young man was on horseback and the Indians had bo one to contend against. He killed one of them beyond doabt, and fell fighting bravely. "I have not time to give you all tbe incidents of our trip, which you will see in the general report, bat suffice it to say at present, that we found a mncb better road than I had ever anticipated, with plenty of wood, water and grass. Wood is a Utile scarce ia tome places, bat Buffalo chips are abundant, and make a good tabstitute. "From the head of Smoky Hill to Sandy Fork, 22 miles, is the longest stretch on the whole route without wa ter; there is ao other of atom than tec miles withoat it. "The face of the country along the route is generally level, aad caa aot be excelled. One span of horses can draw two thousand pounds over any part of the road. There are no sand beds of sufficient size to ammouat to an objec tion. Wo made it 615 miles to this place from Leavenworth, bat the road may be shortened some thirty miles. "Mr. Green will sead a correcliag party back over the road, which yea will see." Mr. Hersey is aa old plaiaemaa, aad knows whereof he speaks. His state ments mav be implicit! v rehed on. He accompanied the expedition asgaide4 Akothkb Hoaucraa in WrAxaoTT ' An extra from tbe omce of the "Com mercial Gazette," brings the tar-joined accoant of a tragedy which Km later been enacted there. Leew. Timet. "Between two aad three o'cleck oa Sunday aiorning,the 23d met. Timothy Shehan waa killed by James Hnlland.at the house of the latter ia this city. We Tifi.edjhe scene of .tragedy, Jariig tha forenoonwhile CoroaerJanea wasaell' ing the inquest, and were thoroughly sickened by the sight. Tbe body of Shehan was lying oat of doors. Bear Holland's cabia.corered with bloodad 8howing three or four ghasiy woaada made with a. spade, oa hwhead., Ja side.Mrs. Holland was lying on the bed. wita a deep cat on her Jbrehead. maaa by the same spade thaiikilled Shehan. Shewasaleo coveredwfta'alooa.aa4? the'floor and walls looked as if tbe'rooaj bad been used for a butcher shop. "The coroner's jury made it a'eaeebf justifiable homicide by HoHaBd.hi.4e- feBse of himself and wife. Bat after aa examiaatiocof the matter before Jaebce Kirkbride, on Tuesday,, Holland, was committed for trial oa a charge of mar der." Oa Sunday morning last, two' com panies of U. S. Infantry under com mand of CapL Tuttoa, arrived in. this place. They remaiaed here aatil Moa day morning, whea they took up their line of march for tbe Cherokee Indiana country, to which place we understand they are going for the purpose of quiet-1 ing recent difficulties which bavahro-j ken out between the Half breeds and Full bloods. Ft. Scott Democrat. A county organization has beef-j fected in Linn county for- the relief of those who now, or may hereafter.- Gram) the destitution that prevai's, reqnire. assistaace. Emporia News. . Kansas Panobaha.-!-Wm. Lxwh, Proprietor of ibis beautiful painting, will leave the Territory next week, oa, an Eastern tour. He will first go into Illinois, striking direetIy"TcChieago and thence East, viaitiag the annciaal towns and cities along the roate, through to the States, we woald say that they, will find Mr. Lewis very much ofa gentleman. lopeia Tn&trne ADVERTISEMENTS. COUNTY CONVErfTIOrT. TI1E RepablMBM.of JefiVso County will . bold a Delegate County Coweat!oatJa Oska 1mm, at 12 o'clock, M., oa Sitmrday tie 6tk dmf of October, A. D. 1969, for the purpose of aooii Bating two ea Umtm lot RapmrntatW to Iks Territorial LagMtatore; taie candidaM, m from' cacti district, for Baber of tbe B-ard ot County Comniisiuoaen; sad oa candidate far County Asaeytor. Tb seraral Tomuaipa afa catillad to Del- ,. galea aa follows: . . ' t . t Oskaloou, . J t1 Graasbojip.r Falls, Jefierson, Osawk e, Rock Oriek, Kaw, Kentucky; - - I .! ri 1 rj Z 3, 1 23 8! AT. Each Township is Kqaested to bold its pri mary eonveauan on Satarday, StpttmbrrS9tk 13, for tbe adectiom.ef "delecatw to attefi is? CjooU ContaUon. JOmflTTDAV,' " 7 "J t Ces-fry Committeeman. il " -ATLANTIC MONTHLY. PHILUPS, SAMFdQX , CO-S.. NEW MAGAZINE. DEVOTED TO literatire, Irt ui 'FeWiti. ITS AIM WILL BB- 1 Fitrr la literature, to leav ao-atevtaaa aawa resented, o that while each number will cantata articles of an abstract and permaBenl rata. It wtU also be found ikutbe.hesilkr appetite f tae. jaiaa for entertainment In its vattoaa fSrais or Tanjaatre, Wit and Humor, will aot gs unearad for. Tie publishers wish to say, abo, that wai!e nstite writ ers will lecelre the most solid encourjcenuot, aad wilt a ssslulj relied on to IU the paeaor taw 14 LS.XTIC, they will not hesitate to, draw from tho tsr cln sources at their command, as oceasjaa may ft quire. In this way they hope to ataka tbelr rtft odieal wslcoras where'er tbe English tonga ia spoken or read. Saco a Inth terra Arr'thay intend to include the whole domain ofasthctiea, and hope gradually to make this critical dsaartsaaal a-trne-aad. fearless represeiilatiroor Art, U.aH Us Tarioan Branches, wlthautaay recard to prejudice of what Lndsse.'er Tataa In Polities, ska Atlantic via aa the oqrsa of no party or clique, bat will honestly ndes-or to be the exponent or what Ha conductors aeHera ta bs the American Idea. It wHt deal fraaklr -ww penvna and wish parties. endeaTOrtas; always J keep to view that moral element which trsaasaada all person and parties, aad which alone makes the basis of a true and lastlne; national prosperit-. It will not rank itjlf with any sect of Arms, bat wtkk that body of men which Is In 'favor of Freedom, XaUanal Progress, and Honor, puWJe or prt-al. As oaiwMt nf la material at their i tharsaatoinaHstof Mtsfarr -Mrsaas lamTnaHi to their enterprise; wishias; It, how-r, tab dUUnct-lyaadr-tol, that aseystodl bop far aha aeiairl of erery kind of abHHy which desire arenas of , taeir columns, aaa ut saw ismnasiaawua oi sua thy shaU be raided parsly by their seas of to triasie merit: William H. Prestost, Ralph wan Bmsrsoa.T. H.Hdge, D. P., Rathaktel Hawthorn. John ft- whlttier, (Hirer wendeU Holmes, Jan. B. fcswst, J. Lothrop Motley, Ceo. W. Curtis. Hermaa If ellriUe, Prof. C. C. Fetion, Prof. P. H. Child, K. P. Whip ple, Edmund Qniney, anther oi "Weasley," The, w. Parsons, J. T. Trowbridge, author of 'Xelcobec Jaekwood." dec Mrs. H. .Beaeher Stawc. Mr. GaskeU, aathor of "Kath-Mary Bartaa." Ac-, Mrs.L.Mana Child, Mrs. CM. KirkUnd, Mr. Pike.authorof Ida My." "Caste," e Miss Koa Terry, wllkle Collins, aathor of -Dead Secret," Ac, n... .-r!m u.mImI t TERMS. Tit Artanr Mow. aT ea he had af Booksellels, Periodical Ageato, r front the Pah Ushers; at tare UoUar a year, or twenty Ore eeaw) 8uUriberrmltUgtoia doUara, toad-ane. to the Dubliahen, win reeire. we wors; iw"" Taw. nbt said, la aar part of the UMaM. ilihln ihrea thousand mUei within three thousand miles. 3 -jypq SELECT SCHOOL , TIE ondenigaetf wouW tafem Ua SSl OJulee. aad ridaky. tbat tw ot hit aekool wiH eee oa the Mffc aSetlesator m, in Back1. bllic - " PaWkSaasre. ' KATES Or TVITM"; Ortkofraphy, RMliaf. Writtf iTswmrsr Oeoarapky, Arithatort ami Oriasaaav, per month. J, All Wgher briamlH. i i U yr Nodeduct'oa will be faada tor Jf.'J t piweiefMeeot yorasaea, tajt v-ay- special oowtract. -. . i. n...:..( ranlta frost ib LliamBf 1f.'.!rm J- 'ittawJpa'. ut Kufanl, ajaaoro -uo- isw,- asc, nirij Brooks, author of Aspea Court,' 4c, 8. M. wail ty, author or 'Political rortrsMs,' c. James Hy. aathor of Staa-tctoa Foatoaor. C. W: Phlato.'aa- i