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I n A onATi A k!:t-' The .-''(& a . . - tv'f 'ivr a a ..- 11? r4J? . i Ji " c.: tm 'Ji-ViV-iV -c . i s -w ..'If. ' ' 5? T - T " f .. ; .TJFWi- k ' 4 i ,un " 7 yi' " . "' ' .2A2!A)I tA20OIA32O . -f.j-'TT-''. -yii. . . , Sebofcdfo agHcqifqi-e, ecljwcs, 8trt$, ftetocS, 3 fieije.-q.- JHe;n: Tvm.i ' siiirt - :i ! .r s Rw ijjtti lJ &iJsWj .. i 70IC. -:r2T ssHsitr&i .Ta 3 J r'f&tti K? i z; tli'C ( jl) t .i ' ,ui If . ,j -.'sirJ k i, f . ROBERTS, Editor aid Proprietor. OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1860. 1 -jj.? -fit ill st nO si VOLUUKJoAUaa Ir''. J!t. rtTaa fan raw raw raw raW mm fan faTJ srau Ma mm faa H h I m vfl m. J km w m 7 I" I ' nm ' ' '"' I' ! T r n, ' t - - i - .xja. BBSSBJ. '' V at r? n 4 Tfl INDEPENDENT. rCBUSBKB KVSBT WIDNKSBAT, IN likiUm, Jeffenei Centj, Itiui. "terms of subscription. i. .-- um vr. in advance i00. 15.00. 25.00. MOO. Twoi one year to one ddre Tcaty t - - TERMS OF ADVERTISING. win. IS lines or le.firt meition ft 60 V""T' each JJitiOD.1 " m two raontai, " threa M IX " a twcha Oseqa-rt1, of column three moptbf, twelra " SO 2 50 4 00 7 00 10 00 10 00 15 00 5 00 30 00 t 15 U0 250 40 00 50 00 30 00 45 00 60 00 75 0' CfciWjuarteily fjBcb"U.rcolu,Ba three " six twelre " Cktatea'de quarterly One culnu'n ihrte months, aix tw.!e aJi'"We quarterly .Ediuirial ntica 30 rentg per line: Local 15 eenu. rT ann-uncmx inr names i . for ., one dollar and a half eacStobe fA'd in adran.-e. Vearly advertiser will be required to mrquarterly. Tran-"ient advertisement must - . . C u,ln(laa ical character will be charged on dollar per qaare, to oe in wuijimo. xmm fed& J. tUL SP1VET. ATTORNEY AT LAW ASD GENERAL I.A'D AGE5T. 'OitaOooM, Jefenom C., lumi. Office iuihJe of Public Square, next door to "crlinwe' kiore. - '7 E. B. JOHNSON, M. D., PITICIAV AID bURGEOl", UKu.. ni u. Am r io nitr. in the office for meriT ooeuiA-d ov Dr. A. J. Pierce. Residence corner of Liberty and Herkimer at., Oskalooaa. J.faww'CoaBij , K. T. " J.K ALLEN, ATTORNEY AJ LAW, 06I&L008A. KAH8A8. Till practice in the Court ot Jefferson County. gs-Panicular attention paid to the payment ef taxes in Je&rsou Coonty.. tf J. L. SPEER, ATTORNEr AND C UNSELLOR AT LAW, ROCK CREEK TOWNSHIP, (Firr miles west of Osawkee.) Till attend promptly to all business entrusted to his rare. , 4-3uipd 1TT8RSET iS9 C0UNSELL9R AT LAW, OSKALOOSA. KANSAS, Office North sid or the Public Square, Will attend to the payment of taxs for non rodiimis, ami iniy and feil Keal Estate. CoiUeuoiic made and promptly r niitttd. -tf JANES L. CARTER, DtALlK lit zmm9 books. & STATIONERY. PERFUMERY. PAINTS, OILS, Cimmm rciil S'rcet. hetwren Second A Third ATCHISON. KANSAS. DANIEL W.ADAMS, AND F01WARDING MERCHANT, WMUli, IA5SA5. , sVPnicBar attention paM to recaiviBj, and 'orwanJinf goods to W interior. .rotnnToit. a. a mmoir. K.r.MaTucs JOHNSTON. STINSON k HAVENS. Ato&nxjt aai CtuMOan at law, (Othce OMTHrr Maia aad Dclawani Sta .1 LV.AVE WOatTHCtTaT, KANSAS. " is $ I JAMES M'CAHON, ATTTORNEY-AT-LAW. LMTciwartl, Iiimi. Will mwfttiMiisi iLa 'T)Utrir flnnr-fa of Jefferson nd Jacksoa Counties. Stf ,0at.icr;- Altai-. T. A. ITKTXnOit 0-kalooaa. -PRICE It STEVEMCnN lTTORNEVS'AT-LA W . - 0gKAL003A.'aIAXSAS. jJIPrseUeoLawlo Jefirson and adjoining -m-TT"' wj lazes tor Boarss)aiiti Etpseiai ahgyTen to Collactloo. A raUinsr of f TLTTW r fir nwttaafTief Jfe Gxtyml WristSM for tfca Iadcpeodeat LUES FOSIOU'8 ILIUM. BT -U KOMtt. Dear book of love, how bmb words Or friendfhlp clusUr bsW, Like band ofiurry plumied bird Convened from many a spbsta. A noble heart baa wrougai aacn gai That give these jewels worth. To make affection diadem The brightest crown of earth. And hers I've traced a simple page Unworthy though it be, In hope It may a look engage And stay a thought for me." And while I wander on alone. Athwart life's stormy brio, 111 think of hopes that now are gons And bliss that once was salsa. And as each happy hoar Is twined Willi memory of yea. Remembrance can but bring t mind The gift and giver too. Farewell ! and while the word 1 write My invocation bear May every Joy and pleasnre bright Of earth, for you appear. And when the storms of life are o'er A soon they all m est be. Heaven grant wa meet upon that shot That's aye from sorrow fraa. Lawrtnce.Kanus.OcU IBM. Hriurrs d life. THE H0E IT THE POCKET. OR SKCRKT OF SCCCXSS. Jonu Slack nod his wife commenced bouse keeping, as many other young people do. with little means for defray ing the necessary expenses ; but as he was a good mechanic and could gener ally find employment in his nntire vil lage, and she being an industrious little woman, beides doing her house-work, earned considerable in the course.of a )etr by doing plain sewing. But still they did not prosper as did Ned Bo wen and .his wife, who commenced bouse keeping near tbem about the same time, under similiar circumstances. The rea son why, and the way he made the dis covery, we will let him tell in his own words. "My wife said to roe one evening, 'Mr. Slack, I wish to get some thread and needles at the store, and want a little change.' I felt in my pocket, ex amined my wallet thoroughly.bui could find nothing that would past for cur rency at the store, and reported the unpleasant fact to her. 'Why !' said she, 'what has become of the half dollar I gave you this morn ing, that I got from Mr. Jones for sewing, ( she had always made me cashier of the firm.) "After another unsuccessful attempt to find it. I said : 'Mm. Slack. I think there must be a hole in some of my pockets, for certainly 1 have not got it. and I do not think of any thing 1 have paid it out for. 'I'll look to your pockets this even ing.' raid she mildly, 'and mend them, ii they ueed it.' It was not long after this conversa tion, that I remembered having treated myself and three friends to ice cream and oranges at a confectioner's shop, but connluJed to keep the discovery to myself. 'I could not find any hole in your pocket, las: night,' said my wife, the next moruing, iu .a gentle tone, and with a look that my feelings prevented me from scanning closely, and all the reply I felt willing to make, was, 'Ah ! could'nl you?' A few days afterwards, she called on me for twenty-five cents she bad lately deposited in my sub-treasury for sale keeping. A thorough search proved unavailing. 'Really.-Mrs. Slack, said I. thinking it best to show a bold front, 'there must be sosae corner or seam in my pocket that is open,' ( though really I could not find one. any more than I could the missing quarter.) 'If tLer is, it is singular that I did not find it the other evening,' said' sbe in her usuhI quiet way : 'but I will be sire to find it this evening, if liters is suy.' On the way to my work after dinner, while passing Arcade Saloon, the fate of my wife's quarter same distinctly to my mind. It had vanished in smoke in front of that institution; i. a. it had paid for fivo finely flavored cigars, which lease of asy village 'friends' bad helped, me dispose of whils discussing politics there the previous evening. K Urt. Slack never told mt whether she found any hole in my pocket or not, and I did not feel disposed to push the investigation on the subject any further at the time. Although I was seldom entirely out of change, still it was frequently un pleasantly scarce. In fact, I spent more than I was really aware of, in smnli items from day to day, for the double purpose of maintaining my reputation of being a 'clever fellow,' nnd to gratify my appetite or fancy for things I could have done very well without. - .The result was, that we did without things at horn which my wages would have enabled me to buy, and left some thing for'cbaritable purposes. One dayYUwas presented with a sub scription paper tor- the benefit of the Orphan Asylum, which I reluctantly Imnded buck without signing, with the remark that I reallv could not afford it. My wife smiled sadly, as she said to me in an under lone : 'Ned Bowen subscribed five dollars.' 'I don't see how he can nfibrd it.' I replied, 'as he does not get any better wages, or work more hours than 1 do.' A few days after the foregoing event. on an invitation from Pied Bo wen and his wife, we spent an evening at their bouse, which we found much belter furnished than our own, though there was no apparent attempt to make any needless display of furniture. 'I wonder,' said I to my wife, on our way home, 'if Botvcn does not go in debt for some of their furniture V 'He does not,' she replied, 'for his wife told me that they did not owe a dpllat in the world. But how can they live ns llicy are doing on his wages, if he gives tit o dol lars nt a time for charitable purposes?' I think I CHn tell you,' said my wife, in a hesitating manner. Well do, if you please,' I replied, not a little" curious to know what her ideas on the subject were. 'Well she continued, in 'he first place, she never buys for herself any unneces sary finery, and takes good care that nothing is lost or destroyed that comes into the house, and ' 'But,' said I, interrupting her, 'I doubt amazingly whether she is more careful in that respect tluia my own model wife.' 'In the second place,' said she, 'he is as careful in these respects as she is. He buys no ice cream, oranges, cigar, fec, neither for himself nor an of his pretended friends. In short, my dear Mr. Slack, he has no hole in his pockets.' It was the first word of supicion my wife ever uUvred on tlto subject, and that fact, together with the conviction that she had clearly seen, and, so unex pectedly, but in so kind a manner, told me the real cause of the difference be tween our home and that of Ned Bowen and his wife, cut me to the quick or rather. I should have said, it sewed me up.and my pockets loo; the have never been in holes since that evening. Her change has always been safe iu them a a - ever since, ami our nome now win not utler any in comparison with that of our friends, the Bowens. With good books and papers, I can spend my leis' ure hours more pleasantly and profita bly at home thn anywhere cNe ; nnd the saving of small expenses more than pays for them, and is the secret ol success. fedlaiwm& HERCUlANUM aid pompeh. In a late number of the Independent, Mrs. Harriet Beocher Stowe (fives the following dixcription of her recent visit to Horculanaum and .rompeu. About an hour's drive brought us to the villxge of Portica, which is built ov. er Ueruulauaeufu. we alighted and went into a common looking house.and an old man provided us with candles, and then opened a door which appeared to go down into a cellar, and we began to descend. On our right and left we could see the marks of pickaxes which had cut the passage down which we were tread ing, through a bank of solid lava, hard and glassy. Down lower, the damps dripped and oozed along the wnlls. and the rumble of carriages overhead sound ed strangely in contrast to tlto ghostly darknes and stillness into which we were descending. It was the old thea ter of Hefculanseum we were coming into; a building as large as tbe.San Car los, which is said to be the largest in the world. We heard the bats flapping I oreruMa' "t'ng gibbering the light disturbed tbem. We passed through long galleries to the stage, (o the green-room saw here and there traces of Vermillion ceiling or partly ef faced fresco saw the places of the or chestra, and stepped on the moss-grown stage. The very fact that it had once been the place of amusement added to the heavy, ghostly chill the sense of death and desolation. We saw the ba ses with inscriptions, from which had been taken the equestrian statues of the Two Balbi,' father and son, which we had seen in the museum the day before. Every space thus made must be bricked up again because of the living town ab ove. The first discovery of the town, it is well known, was from the sinking of a well for the convenience of a fami ly above, which well came into this the ater. Besides the two equestrian statues of 'fialbut,' are several marble ones, call ed the 'Mother, Wife and Daughters.' The statue called the 'Mother' is a most striking one. It is of an elderly wom an of majestic presence, and impresed with such deep Hues of tragic prescience, that one might fancy it the statue of one who fotesawjhe desolation that was about to entomb her crtyV-fcJIost singu lar in its force of character and siren jth of impression is that statue one bfj those portraits that so evidently sug gests the history that one longs to know the original. This family distinguished fur pergonal dignity and presence, and holding o high a place in public esteem reveals itself to us after a silence of cen turies. How impressive and awful it must have found them in these subtcr.i nenn recesses, standing silent, awful ! 1 fancied how that pale, strong, fateful face of the mother of Balbus must have looked when down iu these oozy damp tho discovering torch first glaied upou it. rite history of pride, passion, and sorrow, which have written themselves on that strange face, must have hail a startling power, looking on out of their stony stillness fiom thi" silence of so deep a night of so long and stony an en touibmem! Our party was a largo one many of them youug and full ot spirits, and trod lite desolated way Witlimauy a gay word and liltt IjhuIi I'eiuex" ,,,a fr joung laces ana me iiiouguueus taugns hnd ghostly, unnatural looK and sound in l hat depressing stilUcS. When we emerged to tho daylight, one young maiden appeared to iew oeating a beautiful lull blown rose, which he said she had picked up on the damp floor below. The blooming child of upper air seem ed to us an incredible marvel to emerge from so deathlike shades, and we won dered and speculated how it got there. Such, doubtless, once grew in the gar dens of that subterranean city, and ly ing back in the carriage, and shutting one 8 eves, one might nave lancteu it the ghost of a rose trora some of those buried gardens a rose that should look just like another, but should gradually dissolve ana iaae irom view in upper re gions. POMPEII. We arrived at poiupcii at about 12 o'clock, and went into a little carravau sfiai to get a lunch, before entering on our exploration. In an upper chamber, all hung round with Fiench lithographs, we took our lunch. A man with a gui tar Mion found his way to the balcony, on to which our room opened, anil be gan singing and playing airs, the very sound ot which seemed to say: 'Be ea sy, have a goed time, dance and sing while the sun shines.' The character of thes Neapolitan airs stiongly reminds me of the gayer class of negro mvlodies the same strongly accentuated rhythmical character and sharp expression of time; the same care less abandon of gayety. He sang, and we laughed he imitated carlim, and we paid them and then off he went singing again, till we laughed more nnd paid more carlini he improvishod sly compliments, and had suggestions of bella and nmore which led to more carlini but wo were too good nalured to demur, nnd altogether he made a good thing of us, doubtless, careless, jockular dog that he was, full to the throat with sunshine of this bright day. Pompeii is much more an airy expedi tion than Herculansjum. It seems to have been buried bv drifting ashes. much as our fences in New Eeglaud are sometimes hid under the snow-drifts. and over these drifts grass and flowers have become irreen and cay. The un- excavsted part looks like a green hill or mound and only atouione tniru ot excavated. Unlike HercuUnaeum, the work of disentombment is easy onough. No superincumbent city to be disturbed by mining beneath, nnd the material to be removed being light, loose ashes, of fers scarce any obstacle. Fr Jin tho Commercial Qssslte. Hast aad Oiett. Ma. Enttoa. During the long week, of the Feast of tabernacles just closed, I have been often reminded of two sim nl rules of hosnitalitv. or rather of guestship. which I have always follow ed. And as often as I baya thus been reminded I have seen both llie wisdom and the expediency of Ihes, rules. "Bat to do good and to communicate, forget not," ssrs Psul. In bedienee to this injunction, allow m. Mr. Editor, to communicate my rules. I hope they'll bo of service's! the nexL"Hoiy Convocation" I meet with. I know that our wives and daughters will bless the day that gives them practical oper ation. And 1 know too that husbands and father, nnd old bachelors too. will then find it much easier to fiud a rouf and a board among strangers when away from their own. Rule 1st. Make your entertainment both as unlroublesome and as inexpen sive as you can. Destroy nothing, de-fa-e aud defile nothing, and require as little as posible of personal attention and hostly labor. No law of religion or hospitality eith er, requires us to do more fur ano:her than we would do for ourselves. .And no guest should allow his host to do at muck. Thou shall love thy neighbor as thyself, not belter them thyself. In a slave state, hospitality is an easy virtue. Dick takes the horse and Dinah docs up the dinner or supper, without any trouble to master or mistress. These sit at their ease and do the honors of hospitality, aud nt the same time en joy its pleasures, without leelitig Iu the least the burden of its duties. out in a tree state, where, the ssbw man js landlord,- hosllerand bootblack, and the sam6 woman is cook, chamber maid aud mistress, the pleautes of hos pitality is often lost in its labors aud unnecessary exactions. And tfcen the virtue itself dies out. And no wonder that it does. For when a stranger at my house exacts from me more than he docs for himself at home, 1 thiuk I have a right to shut my door and send hint on home. Rule 1st then may be changed in language, and expressed thus : When jou enter a family as its guest, make its comfort, its convenience and its wel fare your own. and aim to promote them all as earnestly as you do at home. Rule 3d. When you leave a family tint has entertained you, seal 3 our lips on all the privacies of that family. Every family sometimes does and sometimes allows within the f.imilv wal.'s.what it would not have the vulgar eye to see, nor the tongue of the vul- ttm to tirulain Jljuiiiuj fej , m !.-- been to the sacred retirement aud friend ly protection of these walls, you should make its privacies your own, and no more reveal them than yon would those of your own family. They aio your own, in honor. For you got them thro the kindness and confidence of your host. And now you are bound to pre serve them even from the wife of your own bosom. No man thus admitted lo the sanctu ary of another's homo has any light to tell to friend, brother or wife anything whatever respecting the dirty kitchen, the slovenly bod-rooms, the untidy par br.lhe tough steak.the unsettled coffee, the bad ten, or the bad anything else. To me it is disgusting to hear 11 man, and far from interesting to hear a woman tecounting the bill of fare where last ho was a guest, except indeed where Gains had demanded and got a reckon ing longer and belter than the bill of fare he gave. Then the recouutal is but just warning lo a traveling public. But when Gaius has given all ami got nothing, it is cruel, unchristian, murder ous to hurt his reputation and wound his sensibilities in iciurn. I eat to live, not live lo eat. Dinner is a milter of deep interest lo me when hungry. But when it is eaten, it is of no conceiveable interest either to me or others, whether it was rich or plain, the sumptuous fare of Dives or the dry crumbs of Lazerus. Hoping to benefit my brethren in the itineracy, for whose use these rules are given. I subscribo myself Truly Yours, and theirs too, A Kansas Colforter. Heathen Deities. It is not supposed every one Is on fa miliar terms with the gods and goddess es who preside over the Classic region, and to those who are wot, the following account may prove interesting and in structive: The Muses were nine virgiu goddess es, who presided over music, u incing, nnd all the liberal arts. They were S generally supposed to be daughters of fupitor and Mnemosyne, though some affirm they lived before Jupitor, and were the offspring of Cesium. They were represented as being beautiful young women, who commonly appear ed in different costumes, according to the arts and sciences oer which they presided. They were formerly ealled Mosae, from a Greek word signifying to inquire, because by inquiring of them, men learn those things of which they were beforo ignorant. Others, however, are of the opinion that they were so called from their resemblance, because there is a similitude and affinity about all the sciences; wherefore the mtrses are often represented with tbeir hands joined, and dancing in a ring; while in tho mid dle of them sits apollo, their princo and commander. In this manner they are said lo have been represented in the ag ate which King Pyrrhus wore in a ring, for the disposition of the veins in the sloue formed s complete delineation of the nine Muses, aud Apollo holding a Irre. Calliope, the first of th Muses, wss so called from the sweetness of ber voice; sbe presided over eloquence and heroic poetry, and was dscmed by Hor ace capabU of playisg os) suy mutical instrument. She twas generally repre. sented crowBed with laurels, aim hold ing in her hand the most famous epic poems of antiquity. Clio, the second Muse, presided over history, and. derived ber sane from the glory or famousness of tin tilings she recorded. Site is represented crowned with a laurel wreath, holding trump et in one hand sod a book in the other. though sometimes sbo holds a plectrum or quill, with a lute. Her ofkee was faithfully to record lbs actions of brave and illustrious characters.. Erato was the Muse who presided over lyric and tender poetry, and is supposed, by some, to have first invent ed the art ot dancing. " She is some times apparently thouguilul, and some times irav and animated; her temple are entwined with roses and myrtle, and she generally appears Holding a lyre in her band. She was iavokeil by lovers, particalarlyii tkrsth of April, which, among tlie Romans, seesscd par ticularly devoted to the tender passions. Thalia was so called from her brisk nessand gayety, as presiding over fes tivals and comic or pastoral poetry. She is usually delineated leaniug on a column, holding a mask. in. her right hand and a shepherd's crook in her left. Her dress appears shorter and less or namented than that of her sisters. Euterpe received that appellation from toe sweemes of her singing, on pre sided over music, and was generally considered as tho inventressef the flute. Some arc also of the opiate that the invention of logtc also belongs to this goddess. She is representsuas crown ed with a wreath of flowers sad holding a flute in.her band. Terpsichore derivesher name from the pleasure she took in dsacing, ol which she was the goddess and presi dent. She is generally painted with a crown of laurel on her head and a mu sical instrument in her right hand. Melpomene was so. named froaiUbe melody of lierokii.:Sursidedyidj l. tratrcdv. andliorace has addressed the I rrnm ,i, finest of his odes lo her as tho patroness of lyric poetiy. She whs represented with a serious countenance, holding a represented dagger in one hnnd and crown and scepue in the other. Her garments were remarkably splendid, and she invariably appeared in a buskin. J'olyhvmnia, received her name from her excellent memory. She presided cr simrinir aud rhetoric, and the in vention of writing history is sometimes attributed to her because il requires n good memory, from her, vocal per formers learned to accompany their melody with impressive gestures and action. Urania was so called, cither because she 6ings of divine things, or that, b) her assurance, mankind bacame con versant with celestial objects. She presided over astronomy, and was re present as a beautiful virgin, crowned with stars, holding a globe in her hands, surrounded by a variety of ma thematical instruments. Such are the officers of the imaui nary friends of tho poets the Nine Tuneful Sisters, invented lon- before St. Paul set foot upon Mars' Hill, and found the statue put up by Athenian hinds. "To the Unknown God," and preached of that Incarnate Divinity who stilled the waters of Galilee, and fired at Pentecost the tongues of the Apostles. THEBL1LE. How comes it that this little.volume, composed of humble men, in a rude when art and science wcro but in thtir childhood, has exercised more influence on the human mind nnd on the social system than all the other books put together? Whence comes it that this book has achieved such marvelous changes in the opinion of mankind; has banished idol worship: has put down poligamy and divorce; exalted,thc' condition of woman; raised the standard of public morality; creat ed 1 for families that blessed thing, a christian home; and caused its other triumphs by causing benevolent institu tions, open and expansive, to spring up as with me wana 01 encuanisaent .' What sort of book is this, that even the winds and waves of human passion obey il ? What other engine of social improvement has operated so long sad yet lost none of its virtue 7 since 11 appeared, many boasted plan's of ame lioration have been met, and tailed; many codes of jurisprudence have arisen and run their course; and expir ed. Empire after empire has been launched upon the tide of time, aad gone down, leaving no traces upon the Waters. But this hook is still going about! doing good, leavening society with its' holy' principles, cheering the sorrowful with its consolation, strength euing the templed, encouraging the peritent, calming the troubled spirit, and smoothing the pillow of death. Can such a book be the offspring of human genius ? Does not the vastness of its effects demonstrate the excelleacy of the power to be of God ? ' f ft-r A BsAirm8iv:P;cMavTjNtsBav who stands upon bis owa ssU,wk sseb UT WO MW3 Ul IOV lasAU HI WIUM M ft1 by tholawsof eiTiliSed be is'the riirktfal sast'exclaMve ew; the land which Uetiilsjshyste 1 tutioa of our nature wader a wl influence, not easily taabiwetl I other source. He feels, other "l ing equal more strongly ihid'i the character of a ssaa a animate world. Ofthie.i derful sphere, which. hand of God, aaduaheUlsy-j is rolling through tbe J ins ins iross tae eeau sty. space on. wawa tae moved 1a its revad f dauss. aad ka feels himself ceeasetsd by risible liak with those wit fctfoaThiai, aad to whose he is te Uaisaufc a hossc. 'Perhaps hie' farm has veera' dews to -hist freer, his fathers.. They bare go let la? bast hoM (.but be can trace their fjtrtstsaa. over the scenes of bis daily labors. .The roof that shelters bra wss reared by those to whom be owes hit being; Sosse interesting domestic tradition isceaavc- ted with every uclo&ure. TJm favorite fruit tree was planted by his satfiera hands. He sported ia boyhood beside the brook which still winds through the" meadow. Tbropgh the -feld, lies thsr path 10 the' village school of h4s early days. Ha still hears froa bis wiadew., the voice of the Sabbath bell, which cat his fathers to the house of 6od.snd near at hand is th6 spot Where his parents laid down to rest, aad where; wbea the time has eosae he shall be laid by hi' children. These are tbe.leeliags of th owner of the soil. Words cannot pahrt them gold caaaot buy these, they flow out of the deepest foaataias of the ha- man heart ; they are life vpriags ef a fresh, healthy, aad generous ir-ftrai character. Edwmd EweretC - i SesfCaltara. ,iw The mind of a man is eminently Bra. , gressive. This is evinced by cosspar. , ing man ia his intellectual worth aad crreatness at the present time, and1 with man ia his primeval days. Had be been from the brain of Jupiter. in full posses sion of his mora and mental powers,! direct opposite would bare been the re sult. The mind is like aa exetic, which thrives only by care sad culiivatioa.aad which naturally grows and eiaaadswa til it arrives at maturity ; it is also gov erned by the sime progressive develop ment from jBfaacy.throagb all the see lal activity, sprichtlvness,asd elasticity of youtb,to all clearness and power of ia- tclleclual aud moral maturity. To an. uncultivated mind, whit is this , vast universe with all its besaty. " grand jr and sublimity bat aa arabiaa desert, overhung "with the sable ear--tains of moral darkness?' bat as prac tical knowldge is instilled into the asiad. a change is wrought, the world is ar rayed in beauty and loveliness. Bat the soung aspirant, as be parsaes the uneven path of knowledge, eacoaaters so many opposing difficulties, and sees so much to be accomplished.sach great and arduous labors to be performed that he is content to forego'all rewards. He is like some way-worn traveller, wh stands with folded arsis, gazing aa the lowering ice-capped suaasaiu of th Alps, as "mountain piled 0' saoataia" rises before his gaze, and who prefers remaining in the vale beneath, rather than attempt the dificak aseeat. Most truly we are indebted te self educted men for many of the asest im portant discoveries, inventions aad im provements in the arts and sciences. Who but the persevering and self-instructed Franklia first discovered aad demonstrated that lightening aad dee tricity were one and the same thing? What sensation of enjoyment mast be have experienced, when'he beheld with ineffable delight his long cherished ex pectation fully realised, ia drawiag the lightening harmlessly froa th cjevjde above. Tax mas wo Masi'xrjui Ptca FocxxTs. I, for say part, asa aerer afraid of having say pocket sacked. I fact, I rather wish that sosae a weald ' pick it on th halves.- it is a bard for me to find aaoaey here, that I fally ap preciate th diflfculties aaetber asai would encounter, and shoald Lsveao objection to paying bis wU for his trouble. And then.as regard a watch; I feel confident that any ssaa wh sawk it would be very happy ta brief it bk. For he would be taking that which ea riched ,me not, bat saade bias peer av deed. leping the wretched KUMtbir in repair would break th pryiafrf r afarobaakorahemiaHtaad. It is, lively piece ot merhiaif for iujiv. however, and generally eoatrivea.! beat the big clock ten "th aa hoar or two ia tk-twmX'fekrj Next to beeping a wife; I caat ooaeeisa ,. of any thing saoreexpeaeife aad trbla. soa.e tnsn keeping a watch. -.1' 1 .H ...t " The streagset plwi .ssisflssajls h pinion, is th last err' of -pate fsifo.I tt TifsT tisar sref PirJ. atjfaa iS ia...iai. Wtme. 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