OCR Interpretation


The independent. [volume] (Oskaloosa, Kan.) 1860-1874, June 27, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029094/1863-06-27/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

w-r lhe .: Independent 1
- B - - , -'
J. W. ROBERTS,
- 4
S?boie3 io Hgiciiiiiji'c, eei)fii)ie3, Sfe, ftctos, 19 6e.e.i litetyfiito. -? '"" v-- v-:w Editor aid Froirietfirv;
VOLUME HI, NUMBER 44.
, c r
OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, JUNE 27. 1868.
WHOLE MMBEIUI&J
.ilLi' -'
- . - . . -4w" i -.V-Jlr fe : '2k:. t - .. e
iv
5- I
JfrbM p.t
GO.E TO THE AVAR.
BY HOKS.TIS ALOIX, JR.
My Charlie ha j-one to the war,
My Charlie to braTo and tall;
He left his plow In the farrow
And flew at hii country' call.
May God in safety keep him,
My precioui boy my all.
My heart is pining to see him,
1 tnlss him every day;
My heart is weary with waiting,
And tick of the long delay:
Bat I knew hts country needs him,
And 1 could not bid him stay.
I remember how his face flashed
And bow his color came,
AVhcn the flash from the guns of Sumter
Lit the wholo land with flame,
And darkened our country! banner
With the crimson hue of shame.
'"Mother," he said, then faltered
I felt his mate appeal; -1
paused if yoa are a mother -
Vou know what mothers feel,
"When called to yield their dear ones
To the cruel bullet and steel.
M) heart stood still for a moment,
Struck with a mighty woe;
A faint of death came o'er me
1 am a mother, you know
"Sat I sternly checked my weakness,
And firmly bade him "Go."
"Wherever the fight is fiercest,
1 know that my boy will be;
"Wherever the need is sorest
Of the stoat arms of the tree,
-May he prove as true to bit country
-As be has been true to me!
"My home is lonely without him,
My heart bereft of Joy
"The thought of him who has left me
My constant, sad employ ;
fcnt God has been good to the mother,
She auall not blush for her boy.
SCHOOL TEACHING.
suinr SICE.
"There is no joy without alloy" is a
proverb as old as it is true, and n- true
as it is old. Our grandmothers repent
it to us when we start on our first fish
ing excursion, and aain when we le
lurn with torn clothes, tired limbs, wet
feet, and sore ihroais. But we don't
believe it. We imagine that Grand
mother has forgotten when she was a
little girl, and went fishing, and nutting,
nd built playhouses, and made wonder
fully deformed rag dolls, dressed in the
last agony of fashion.
To be sure wa never went fishing
without irettiiur. into the wnter, or nut
ling without numberless biuises, or
built a playhouse that some miniature
tornado did i.Oi destroy, or made a doll
that did not fall in the fire and burn up.
But then, we alwavs resolve that the
null time we go fishing, we'll not step
on the decayed log; and the next Cuts
-we gather, we'll not climb into the tree
or, and the next doll we make shall not
go near the fire. Thus the phantom is
always just before us, but we will soon
overtake it. Ye3, Grandmother is mis
taken. But we outgrow these and are initia
ted into the mysteries of the village
school. Here we read the proverb in
our books, and our teachers remind us
of il.and we begin to wonder if it isn't
true. After a few years we abandoned
the littlo white schoolhouse. and enter
the college halls. There the president
quotes it tous,and the professors lecture
it at us, and we half believe it. Then
we leave school entirely, and go out
into the world, andhe world repeats it,
experience reiterates it, aud we believe
it.
"There isno joy without alloy" in
the king's palace or the peasant's hut.
Every rose conceal a thorn. Every
pleasure lias an undercurrent of pain.
Oh ! the bitter sweet; how it pervades
our whole lives, from the cradle to the
(grave 1 'And with no life perhaps, is
it bre evenly blended, than with that
.of the common school teacher. It is
not all flowers and fruit; cheerful smiles
and pleasant words. W can still dis
cover the alloy. Scliool-teachiag. al
Uioujih few, in this day, would pro
nounce it vauity.is certainty vexation of
nirit Tak a rainy, day's experience
for illustration. Hall an hour's plod
ding through he mud and dtidging be
tween the raindiops brings bim 10 the
6tene of hit daily toil. The janitor.as
is ufual on rainy morniiigs.has negWct
d to make a ie, and a dozen young
"hopefuls" are shivering, in wet gar
ment, around a cold stove, in a mood
Which bclokea aajthiug but a platwftBt
Original JF&tft.
session. There is no wood in the closet,
nothing dry for kindlings, and the ax
has been taken away. However, these
difficulties are overcome, and a dozen
pair of little blue handsare soon spread
ing ovtr the surface of the stove.to im
prove the first rays of heat to the best
advantage. The first and least of trials
passed, others are encountered. The
children seem to catch the inspiration
of the weather, and "clouds" may be
discoverd in other localities than over
head. Complaints are numerous, and
the teacher must act as jury, judge.imd
executioner. Here comes two boys
whose angry looks and threatening
words indicate trouble. Boy number
oue complains that boy number two
thiew him down in the mud. Boy
number two positively denies the
charge, aud affirms tut boy number
one fell down "hisself." Of course
(he teacher is exnecicd to kuow at once
where the blame lies.and act according
ly. But woe to him if he decides con
trary to the opinion of any one else,
especially if the dissenting party is the
boy's parent. It is an established fact
thai nobody's own child ever told an
untruth, but it is highly prob-ible that
every other person's child has done so.
This, the teacher is fully aware of,
notwithstanding which fact, he is often
found correcting somebody's child, and
consequently somebody is always ag
grieved. But here is more trouble. A
boy has lost a boy's ball; a boy has
knoiked a boy's hat off, a boy has lorn
a boy's book; a girl has made mouths
at a girl, a girl has told a girl that her
bonnet is unfashionable. What is to
be done ? If no one is punished, all
order is at an end. If all are punished,
some innocent person suffers. If the
guilty ones are sought out and punished,
and the others escape, the' teacher is
s;iid to have his favorites, and should
not bs tolerated. In consequence of
the rain, ihont who have suffered most
arc allowed to stand near the re a short
time after (he call to books, but dis
turbances are frequent, and they are
toon sent to their seats. Immediately
four boys and three girls gather up
their books and leave the schoolror ni.
Inquiring into the cause of their sud
den exit, the reply is, 'Father said if
we could n't sit by the fitc, we need
not come any more." Accordingly
the) aie allowed to depart without
hindrance or apologj ; evidently much
to their annoyauce.
Hero is a noto on the table, hitherto
concealed by ihe flowers. Ah ! there
is a ray of sunshine. Thus it is that
beauty often conceals deformity, just as
a cheerful face causes us to forget a
frowning one, or pleasure make us un
mindful of pain. But the note. The
address ie executed in a cramped.sharp
anrr.'fd, nervous manner.which indicates
djspleasu'.re. Mr. A. administers a sharp
r buke to the unfortunate teacher for
having chastised ':is on. few d)'"
since, for fighting and swearing'. He
doesn'i believe in corpo.eal punis'
ment himself. Ho never has had oc
casion to make use of it in his family,
and thinks it entirely unnecessary.
This is no sooner disposed of than a
loud, quick rap is heard at the door.
Mr. B. leads in his trembling hoy.whom
lie has discovered loitering on his way
to school. He gives directions for hav
ing him severely whipped on this as
well as all other occasions of similar
conduct. The teacher ventures to hint
that as he is cognizint of his fault, he
should inflict the punishment. But no,
the teacher is hired and paid to do it
and he must attend to it.
The various complaints sill receive
attention, the lessons are at last recited.
the roll called.and the achoolars excused
from farther dmies, but the end is not
yet. "Father says if you make me
stand on the floor to get my lesson
again, he'll make you sorry for it,"
cries a rebellious little chap, whose
dignity has recently been offended,
Vrv well." is the renlv. "Dad wants
you- to come to our house to-night, he
wants to see you 'bout putting me back
in the second grammar clas," say-
another.
By this tim the teacher's pat'uwe is
quiie exhausted, especially if ihe origi
nal suppit was not large.and he replies,
"Tell your fathet I bal! be bappv to
ee him at any time he may choose o
call." To escape further pen-i'ontion
hed:irt8 aw-y to his ro ms.hailing with
cladness the close of the day which hs
been, in several respects, reniMrkably
shady."
M. 11. P.
imlUnniw.
The Origin of Species.
Of late yeais men of science and oth
ers hive wrangled much over Mr. Dar
win's work on The Origin of Species."
In most of the English and American
reviews his treatise lms been Muverely
criticised, as having an infidel tendency;
not on account of (lie facts therein giv
en, but the conclusion of ihe author.
He appears to liavo been very generally
rnLsunilerstood, judging from a most in
teresting little woik just insued by D.
Appleton Jc Co., this city, beim: the
publictiou of six lectures delivered to
woikiugmen, by Thomas II. Huxley, F.
R. S., Professor of Natural History in
the School of Mines, London. Broadly
slated, the subject of these lectures
consists of an inquiry into the oiii'in of
species and a discussion on the causes
of the phenomena in organic naiure.
The meaning of organic uature is
something that grows, lias life and le
productive powers. It is exemplified
in tliu seed of a plan: in contradistinc
tion to n grain of sand. Organic nature
embraces the vegetable and animal
kingdom, as entirely distinct in tunc
tions from loeke, fluids, and what chem
ists call "elementary matter." Ani
mals and plants are divided by natural
ists into gioups,and these into kitijidoms,
sub-kingdoms,jirovinces, cl.tsses.orders,
families, genera and species- it was
once very generally believed (and many
person entertain such views still) that
there vras'such a thing s spontaneous
generation that is, mere eiemeiitiiry
malter, such as pure water or mineral
dust exposed in favorab'e positions, to
light aud heat, would bring forth vege
tation and nnimalcula spontaneously
Hence it has been asserted that, if there
is such phncomena as the spon.atieous
generation of life, according to the "de
velopment theory" of torao uiituralists
and the -views of Mr. Darwin on the
origin of species, man may have been
developed from the lowest forms of
spontaneous generation. If Mich views
were founded on facts in na'ural history,
pantheism, viz : that "God is nature
and naiure is God," would bo suppos
ed upon a very firm foundation.
Mr. Darwin doos not discuss the
question of tpontaneous gonerati -n at
all, and science completely silences
pantheism. Every organism commen
ces existence in an gg-eell or seed, and
each seed is believed to lie been
specially created, with special functions
and powers of reproduction, as stated
in th Scriptures. Al. Pasteur, a dis
tinguished French chemists, has lately
made a great number of carefully con
ducted experiments to lest the theory
of hpomaneous generation. The result
of hi labors rfcem to be conclusive
againt the theoij; no such propert) as
spontaneous crfc&'iou belongs to ele
mentary matter acted upon by thw forces
of nature. An old and bitterly dispu
ted question thus appear now to be
settled scientifically.
Another miestion of much dispute
seems lo bs settled bv Mr. Darwin; tints
the Caucasian, the Malay, and the Ae
gto, according to his facts, are varieties
ol xpecieis and way alMiave descended
fiom a single pair, as set forth in the
Scriptures. On the other Hand, t'ror.
Agassiz and others believe that they
have descended from difieicnt original
pairs, jind thus j.ley would really bo
liffeient orders. Vu 1793. a new v.rie-
tj of sheep was produced by Sethi
Wright of Massachusetts, lie nau a
flock! the members of which were pe-
cia 'lT K",ed w"'' t,ie P0Ws;r of JumP"'o
fauces nd thus tormenting the pro
prietor a.-J bis neighbors. In one ac
cidental buck lamb, which had very
short bowed K, die acute mind of
Sell. Wright saw remedy for his
troublesome fance-junT"'1 b)' cr8
ful breeding be at last ,"btnned an en
tire flock of long-bodied 8l'",;!ef;
sheep, called the "otter tirei?". .,r01"
this singhi buck, which could no"-Jnip
a foot-rail. Various species of
do-'saml pigeons have.ueen in me s.i".
muniier. In structure they are differ
ent frcm others of the same gtnus. Hut
pyycologically they are identical. 'J heie
is a well defined limit to organic varie
ties in animals.
1'wo eiiuroly different
races mav mix; but their progeny, as in
- t i ........!.. I'm.
the case ol mules, uecoiuc siumv. . .
feasor Huxley states tliat iheie is no
icliable exception to this law.
The rapid powers of pi odiictionjn
lauts from a single specimen, is set
forth by Prof. Huxley as follows:
-Suppose the habitable part of the globe
to be 51,000,000 square miles, and the
climate and soil equal over that space,
it may be entirely covered in nine years
from the product of a s.ngle plant bear
inefif'T seeds, each plant lequinngone
foot of' soil for support." It is hardly
conceivable that the whole statcu ava i
bl .urfaco of the earth could be stock
ed in about nine yar fiom a single
plant, yet tho fiu-es deinorstrato such
a possibility. Scientific American.
ti... iv.m:iirt editor, who wrote his
editoiials with chalk on the soles of his
ehoes. and went barefoot wnne u
printers set up the copy, has purchased
..,... .,f KPftotid-hnud envelopes, aud
ongnged a girl to .turn Uicm inside out.
Fighting of the Potomac Army.
Capt. Fiske writes from the Libly
prison, Richmond, to the Springfield
(Mass.) Republican a remarkable letter,
from which we make-the following ex
tracts. It seems that the vanttted train
ing which McOlolIan gave the army un
der his command has only led to its
intjneitney. The folly of shooting at
the clouds and tlve tops of the ttces in
stead of the enemy, is ' part of the
science of the war policy of Young
Napoleon. Every soldier should be
instructed to take aim at the- foe, and
shoot to kill. Tnat's the way to fight.
Fiske ays the rebels were jubillnnt
over their victory, which was won by
them with iuferior numbers, because
they fought better than our troops.
Tlk-y hod 100,000, to our 130,000.
He says Hooker's plans were well con
ceived, that the officers did their duly,
as the loss nmong them allesta; but
that tho men turned their backs upon
the enemy. He says the rebel equip
ments were inferior; their artillery hors
es were skeletons, their ammunition
wagons r.ll shapes of crippled up vehi
cles, yet they beat us.
He says there was not any very se
vere lighting, as the people may have
been led to suppose by the newspaper
tepuris ihrtl there was much noise,
plenty of smoke and thunder, but no
hard fighting, and that our heavy loss
of 15,000 is no ewdence of a fearful
tight. The 11th and 12th corps run
the former ulmost without firing a
gun like a flock of sheep, destroying
the line of battle aud almost the army.
Ho say:
"I know of who'e regiments and
brigadcs,long and heavy lines of battle.
Hint gave way before lines of theeutrmy
fco thin and straggling as hardly to b-
considered more th.tn skirmishers. I
-aw icgiment aflur regiment, and bfi
gude after brigade of thotc corps 1 have
mentioned com6 pouting back through
our rcscrveslill ttiey eutcred aTcs and
acres of ground, eiutigh lo have maJe
a stand against all tho rebels in Virgi
nia, and only breaking our lines and
telling bu.li cock and bull stories of
being cat to piece3 in front and sur
rounded and attacked in the rear as
earned evidence uf their absurdity on
the very face of tl.era, till I could have
cried for shurno and grief to bo obliged
lo acknowledge myself as belonging to
the same army.
Still in spito of all I have said, it is
by bo menus thu truth that our men
are a parcel of cowards and poltroons.
They are as brave a3 the average of
people quite as brave as our enemies
.tie. Bui ho don't fight in such a common-sense
way a they do. Shall I tell
you ho.- one of our lines of b.ittlo en
gage ? They go in in tine s'yle,teadi
ly, iu a good line, and, without any
flinching, halt u. what is held to be a
desirable point, and at the cornnrmd
commence firiug, standing, kueeling, or
1 ing down, as mny be ordered. Then,
as in all their prdvious training, they
have been taught to load and tiro as
rapidly as pos.'ibcl, three or four tirnoe
a minute, they go into the. business
wiili all fury .every man vying wi'h his
neighbor as to toe number of car' ridges
he can nun into his piece aud epil out
of it. Ihe stnobj arises in a minute
or iwo so you cau see nothing wheru to
iiiin. Tho noi'e is deafening and con
tusing to ihe las: degree. Ttie impres
sion nets nround of a ttcmondous con
flict going on. The trees in ihe vicinity
suffer sorely and ihe clouds ngood deal.
By -and by the guns get heated and
wou't go ofl, nnd tho caiiridges begin
to givo out. Tho men have become
tired with thetr furious exertions and
the excitement and din of their own
firing, and without knowing any thing
ubout tho ffTeci produced upon the ene
my , very Itkeiy having scarcely one
dimps-c of the enemy at all, begin to
u'tink they have fought about enough
ami -Jt is ,,0!,rb' 1'mo l0 r,'ly Ma"'
ii,,"ilr enemy, lying quietly a hun-
.ru.l in- two vaids in fionl, crouching
.,'i!m ..round or behind trees, itn-wcr
n,.r '... verv .Visundv. as they ict
chance for a good nim, about one shot
to our three hundred, hilling about as
many as we do and waiting for the wild
tornado of ammunition lo pass over
.i.5r l,...ids. and when our burst of
fi-'hting U tty ich ovor. lln-y havo
only commenced. They probably rte
mid advance upon us with one of their
unearthly jejls, as they see our fire
slackens.
Our bovs finding that tho enemy
has survived such an avalanche of fire
as we have rolled in upon hini.concludo
he must be invincible, nnd being pretty
much out of ammunition, retire. Now.
if I had charge of a regiment or bri
gade, I'd put every man in the guaul
house who could be proved lo hnvo
fired more tlmn twenty rounds in Hny
one battle; I wouldn't let them carry
,.,n than their cartridge box full (40
rounds) and havo thorn understand lhat
that was muam i" ma i.n-u. r.-v
much through a campaign.and in every
possible way would endetror to banish
the Chinese style of fighting with a
big uoie and smoke, and imitate rather
the backwood.s style of our opponents.
A Copperhead Smashed.
While the branch train on tho Holli
daysharg railroad was conveying a load
of passengers to court in that place.ac
cording to the Ilollidaysburg Whig, a
rich incident occurred. In the front
part of thecarseveral rebul sympathis
ers were busily engaged in discfessing
our national affairs, abusing in unmea
sured terms tho effects of the Govern
ment to put down the rebellion, and i
such loud tones as to be heard all
through, the car. A gentleman who
had been listening to tho conversa
tion, went forward and read to the par
ties a paiagraph from a morning pa
per, as follows:
"You aro promised liberty bv the
leaders of your afntirs, but is there an
:.l:..M....l :.. : ' -
niuivuiuiii in me eiiiuyuiuiii oi i,s:tviu;
your oppressors ! Who among you
dnro speak or write what he thinks
against the tyranny which has robbed
you of jour property, imprisoned your
sons, dregs you lo the feld of battle,
and is daily deluging your country with
your blood 1"
"Them's my sentiments exactly,"
exclaimed one of the sympathisers.
"Sir," said the gentleman, "That is
tho language of Benedict Arnold in his
pioclamntion to the citizens and soldiers
of the United States, appealing to them
to turn against George Washington 1"
Thus ended the conversation.
A Sadden Take Down.
The Royal family of Britain in 1761
ran loose about the world, and people
knew not how to treat them, nor they
how to be treated. One summer, when
the Duke of York was at Southampton,
there was a clergyman in the neighbor
hood wiih two very handsome daught
ers. The Duke saw them, nnd making
some excuse or miotlier, calUd on ihe
clergyman, again aud agin, and grew
familiar enough, finally, to slop fordin
ii or. At last he snid to the father :
'Your daughter? lead a confined iifo
here, always at home. Why can't you
let one of them lake an airing with me
now mid then, iu my chaise V
Ah, sir,' aid the parson, do but
look at thorn a couple of hale, frcsh-
ooi; at ti om a coupio oi iiaio.iri.aii -
. i , i,j i ' i rrv j
olored, healthy girls 1 Tney need no
flu-mr tlipv urn u.MI pnntioh. Knt fhpra
O' J a
is their mother, poor woman, has been j
in & declining way for many years. If
y ii ii :!.! t.i :.. i .... I
jour xv. h,b..u , ou,w y c -..
an wif now nnd then, it would be doing
a . , i i
a great kindness indeed.
"
Alwats take ooon advice. Coun
sel is always granted lo criminals for j
their defense. A robber, being sur
nrisod in nickin!' n nockul in tho Grand I
'.-.i i .r t..T... :. i.. .i ,l
uuniuuer oi ousuce, u .is n-suitcu ioi
proceed against him in it summarv way.
for so darinir an offence. An advocate
was hov.e
for counsel
"Is it true t
"It is irup, sir," said the culprit;
."but indeed"
"Hush!" said the counsel, "the very
best counsel I can give you is to run
"away as fast as you can."
The robber profiltetl by the advice,
and i an off by the back stair?. The
couusel returned to the bar, and was
asked by the first president what he
had to say in behalf of his pr.rty.
"Gentlemen," answered the ndro
cate, "the wretch confessed to me his
iimc, and, as he was not guarded, and
was named to give him my best ad-.
prisoner should not escape
Sound Logic. A
Scotch divine said :
very
"The
celebrated
world we
inhabit must havo had an origin ; that
origin must have consisted in a cause ;
that cause must have been intelligent ;
that intelligence must have been efficient;
that efficiency must have been ultimate;
tha. ultimate power must have been su
preme; and lhat which always was and
is supremo, we kuow by the name of
God.
s m si - ...
;F-f?"0ne human being dies for every
second of time. What a solemn and
impressive thought ! Tho golden mo
mw.ts iillml. sinned, or blasphemed a-
way by iho thoughtless, thq erring and
the profane, are richly freighted with
immortal souls borne to the portals of
eternity. For every oiib winch tails
from tho lips of the swearer, a fellow
moital passes through the vale which
separates the visible from the invisible
world ! And to of overv jest every
idlo woid every sinful' thought! And
yet the careless mirth, the bitter words,
the fearful oaths thai vibrato every pre
cious shred of timo, and go before the
dying into the ear of God"! Alas! who
csn say, I am guiltless before Him?'
--
Wanted, by an attorney, a clerk to
engioss other sjpple's attention.
SS If you would be tolerated, be
tolrr.ut.
ver allotted to the p.isoner I .. . -. . - fuv : .,.: wll.of a ci-k of tobacco
; who.taking liim asnie.said, , ' ... ,. . . hl, . . .. ... ,. -HP ,.,
ii!it.you ncaeo uiisuocaei: , ... , . ,.., ,.,, ,,, .
vice, I havo advised htm to ruu away. . S cotIon or ijnen bag, so
tt l . r.,itr ,v.i .,.- n,K.;,.B A Federal cavalry man writes home Mie l'iem uPin n collOH or " ' e " "
He has fol oae I in., advice Virnia- "The roads are impas- J that, the miller cannot possibly enter.
Much laughter aiose; for nothing trm virg.ma. ai.i. rouus are irnpas .-:.. i a. win not be fullv iniured,
..it inS-M---9;n,t ir.a,5tf.i.".tc it sab e; wo cannotmove for mire; but ir and the articles wi..noi oe luujimus u,
could be s.a ..0a nsl ...c auvocnte. It . Breunrod to though the bag is hung m a wood-house ,
belonged to the Court to give orders; the n.bs k"f. wa eP'P U ' r . This is cheaper than to build
n,t lo I ... nffirnr lo tut.- i!aro I lttt t life "'' """ """ luuuui """" '"
A woman in Rutland stole a pair of
pants oti Thursday of last week in a
rather novel manner. She entered a
store and informed clerk that she bad
lost one of her gar elustics, and re
quested him to give her a string' to
substitute in its place, as her stocking
gave ber much trouble. The obliging
clerk complied, and she went behind
the counter for the avowed purpose of
fastening it in its proper place. The
string, it tppear, was really used to
tie the pants which she coatrtved there
to l.-.y hands on, inside her hoop skirt.
An excellent substitute for tea (said
tobs)grows in large quantities in Tioga
co., Pa. It is said to resemble Chinese
tea so much that merchants buy it to
mix witii the genuine. In Clinton co.,
Pa., the genuine article is claimed to
grow in abundance and the citizens
thereabout Are jubilant on the prospect
of becoming independent of the "pig-
I . .,
I aUS
"Well. Patrick." ashed the doctor,
"how do you feel to-day?" "Och,
doctor dear, I enjoy very poor health
intirely. Tho rumaties are very dis
tressin' indade; when' I go to slape I
lay nwake nil the night, and my toes is
swelled as big as a goose hen's eg, so
whin 1 stand up I fall dovn immedi
ately." Tus Tkadx in Cbi50lisk. It would
hardly be believed how important an
industry has sprung from the fashion of
wearing crinolines, if there were not
statistical documents to prove the fact.
The steel springs for peUicoats amount
to 4,CG0,00O pounds weight for France
alone, 2.400,000 pounds for England,
and 1,200,000 for the rest of the world.
These springs, covered with colton.are
sold al the rate of twenty-five cents
per pound, which gives an average-of
10,000,000 francs anually. The cotion
employed in covering ihem is sold at
about thirty francs the 00 pounds,
which makes the sum 1 ,2000,000 francs.
Coxscmptios. Half a pint of new
milk mixed with a wine glass full of
expressed juice of green horehonnd,
taken every morning, is said to be an
effecusl remedy for consumption" if
resorted to in time. One who tried it
aars: "Four weeks" use of the borer
, , , ... ... . ,,. .; ,w
hound and milk relieved theDains ol
, . . .,;, , i,,TC .U
' J . 1 ....
long and free.strengihenad and harmo
nized my voice, and restored me to a
bettor state of hcilth than I had be
, f Qar Qyfa expe-Jenc8 cn.
i , , - , , . ,, . ., .' ,i :c n
.ables us to stnte that tioreliound is an
, .. t ,., i,i
excellent specific for a cougu or cold.
Solitcds avd Tsjiptatiom. Luther
savs solitude is favorable lo temptation; .
'.- . ... i - i
. '
therefore wuen Hie enemy wouiu bo
harass you as
nearlv to exhaust vour (
-.., ,;, .. ..' -a .uW.;i.lM 1. i
3UIIUUHI .IIC ! Sl-VH J liv-wiv .
all ami hurrv to see some poor, afflicted
"What can I give you for a keep
sake, mv dearest John ?" sobbed out a ;
seutimental girl to her scanegr.ee lover j
nun,. ,n ;.,; !,: Mn. G?vo. mr an-
v an-
sion-
L'el 1" cried Jack, in some confusion;
"hem-why-why, you've nol got
.uch a thing asa fiva dollar note, I
supposo, aboTit vou V
rr
"My son," s.-.id a man of doubtful
I morals, putting his hand upon the head
.of a limn" urchin. "I believe Satan
iia3 got j,0j cf T0U. ..j believe so, '
( ,00 the ur(.hin repHed. !
"I suppose." said a tiuack, while
feeling the pulso oPa patient who had
reluctantly submitted to solicit his ad
vice; "I suppose you think mo a bit of
a humbug?" "Sir," gravely replied
the sick man, "I was not aware till now
that vou could so readily discover h
, " ., , . . ,,.-,. , ,,
man a thoughts by feeling his pulse.
An Irishman who appeared at a re
cruiting station for enlistment, was ask
ed by a cockney Sergeant, in joke, if
he could sleep on lhe "pint ol a bay
onet? Paddy, at onco perceiving the
raispronunciation, promptly replied by
saving : V'Pon me sowl, Sargeant, I'll
thry; and I think 1 can, as I've often
slept on a pint av whiskey I"
"Isn't your hat sleepy 1" inquired a
little urchin of a gentleman, with ;a
shocking bad one." "So, why ?" in-
quired the genllemtn. ".Because, i
think it's a long time since it had a naj"
was the answer.
It is said that the average number of
battles a soldier goes through is five.
We know an old maid who has with
stood fourteen engagements, and has.
powder enough left for as many more.
If you would hear tho truth, tell it.
If you wouldn't be troubled, don't
be troublesome.
1 . . 1 . . -. I . .1 , . a
inn.. Tini sivinir zt vruru hijuul vuur un nr.f :L-T!'i.rii ;'juic ;
i 1 .1 .an ttllU UU nil. tliua uiup vwms vMtuv.il atci"i vj ! j .----
. s - s una tir.i .-.- -- iii.u - -
horse-pistol graves.
jgwmaiii
Fruit Grawiir-
One of the greatest evils of an orchard
is overbearing. This soaads paradox
ical. Bat it is trae. InBHOierable are
the trees that have been killed by a
generous crop. The limb ara pest,aa
the circulation interfered with; tha trea
is exhausted and diea from thj straw.
How many baautifal plum trtea
thus gone tha way we desirad theaaaot
to. Especially b th plaN lotto
- . . ' .t: ......, that IASUI
roisuap. ii is ob mis aw ---trees
bear fruit every other year.- An
over-crop" one year, preveats a crop tka
next. . v
It should be a delight to keep tfc f.
branches of your trees uiK.aaa ao !
ned out that the sun reaches yT
apple. It ia tha sua that perfects
flavor. In such a case, goad prarfaf;
there is but little difference m tha-jwa
and condition of yourfrait. ! .
good, they all are good; if one is tarn
they all are large; if ona keeps, tbay all
keep.
But it is not euoagh to prune tha
branches; yoa must lessen the bloaaoas.
Too many blossoms are generally a fcU
ure; they defeat themselves. Trim
them, and nature will thank you ia a
increase of year fruit.
Keep your irees. Do not let them
keep themselves, for they will rua riot,
and run themselves out. Such are to
be found abundantly ia the older States
wretched, miserable cumberer- of the
ground, the result of gross neglect.
But ypa carry this inatter.like many
other things, too for," aays ce. who is
pretty sure to have sach a crow-ncst-orchard,
or one forming. Bat, Mr.
Fault-finder, do you aot know lhat the
finest and largest apples Are always
found on the outward limbs, those ex
tending farthest ia the. air? And do
you not know that the little, wrinkled,
bitter fruit is always found always, ia
ihe inside or shade -of a tree? Yok
believe what yoa see. Aad ihis fact
you can't deny.
Further, youag trees alwaya have'
fair fruit. It is because there are few
branches, and these are healthy aad
open to the sun. You cannot dewy
that the sun gives color and flavor to
fruit neither can yeu deny lhatitgivea
size. All this is evident, if yoa ew
have a .thought on the subject. There
is too much sneering at fruit knowledge.
lr.tfc a nt of a tree .as vou would of a
sheep or a borse.and see if there willnol
bean improvement. vmitey Tarmmr.
T
How to Outwit the Jfotk.
The followins. which, we find ia the
IX. E. Farmer, has aaore real virtae in
than aoy of the so-called scare-away
. ..
ot ttie mvn.
Most of our insects are very uaray.
., , K ,1- rnr
wind or weather, and
aromatic pain." Wa
(Vilji ..-. .v
will never "die of
mall skins tn the
leaves and
ihere.depoe-
were ruined.
This shows thai iher are not at all del
icate, and care nothing for tobacco. Ex-
pensive cedar closets are -. j
coBirucled,wiih the idea thit the rath-
i.uk "," - -- - - . -
'er pleasant odor of the cedar is sutn-
' .! fr - ll . . .1.. .Ari tn L'OJarV
cienuj uisagrecaoie tw -- ""'-r' "r
h away from articles of clothing de-
j . ,s " "teller
'strorgect :n3tir.ct prompts the milter to
1s.pj. m,,. means of oemetuating its kind.
anj no trifling impediment will prevent
:. Tit.. ii,a tirocruatinn nf furs, or ar-
ticies cr clothing is perfectly simple,
cheap, and sasy. Shake them well, and
P . . .it. 1 .J ...Cllfo
cedar closets, aim oeuer mau juh
bed c!othe3 and garments with the sicx-
Uning odor of camphor, tobacco, or any
I other drug.
Clean Out Your Cellars.
Whole households are sometimes
made sick by the effluvium of a foul
cellar. Every spring and summer not
a lew suuer ironi mis cause, ii mere
.g no . door o lhe dec
suffer from this cause. If there
ing mailer in it, is aimosi sure to oreeu
a .! I
siclners in tho house.
Early in the spring, you should sort
out vour potatoes, turnips.and whatever
' you keep for a time, and carefully cleaa
-na carrv awav ajj animal and veg-
letable matters, tha't are likrly to decay,
I After this is done, it would'be well to
sprinkle all over the cellar, quick lime.
Scatter chloride of lime about the rat
holes if those pests trouble you. A
half a dime wilt bu;
J druggist's for this pu
good for the cellar if
buy enougli at the
purpose. It will be
there are no rata.
If families would take paius to remove
all such causes of sickness from the
premises.and obey all the laws of health,
there would be but little sickness com
pared with what there is now.
It isSaid that fine dust of tea bound
close to a wound will stop its bleeding.
After the blood has ceased to flow, put
on laudanum,
Aspangvs h recommended for HtFec-
tioas of Ike chest umi lung.
d
&

xml | txt