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J--gia-'u... --s---., ia.Am-' r i . t ' .- 75"""",w" &" " Bfc W-- i r - ,, " 1777""""" ' BBBBW 1 "" - f V fvl BS ""-Py . "l I .MSSJip IU WMIMlHHMiWl"! HIM lMfP.j,,iigi, , ,m 'ltMMlM'JiHJM illWWWPimlfW-ll Ssm I W , , "m' . vjt -ys$r ,: , -A-JlA VA'V v JLJLjlicy ' -? .- rT3 i" - i 'VV - fej- Gt SSV " A. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' a A -s . J. W. ROBERTS, SO) iV" r - !,.''.! Edilor:an!''PwpriPtor.r; , VOLUME IV, NUMBER 20. -j.' OSKALOOSA, KANSAS, FEBRUARY 20, 1864. ! WHOLE iNUMBER. 182. !' Si, J 3.) i :- ' ,. ,m r .. ? - .. : : : ' ' i If T . , . .. . w ' j i .; ' - g t - ,.' ,, s DK A D. V EKXTlfe, li RlRiL EW-TOKKl.Ui Tbrn r tiding of a battle. 3IaoT vldln braro arc fallen ; It my darllncT, think joa, ljinj - On the fearful battle.plaln ? Are Uioae nut-brown locka dyad rrimioB f ' Vita, bla life-blood in Ita flow T Oh ! my Father, lock with pity On a widowed mother'a woi. a. Hark! a oewaboy alirilly crying, Aa he aalftly hurriea on, 'Tliare'a another battle fought. And a Union victory won.1 Oh ! lata crnel, cruel aofnlsh. And this dreadful, sickening fear ; It ishauntlug me so closely, That I cannot ahed a tear. I romember bow I saw him, In bis manly , noble pride. As I bade him 'go,' that morning Ha was kneeling by tny side : How he said, 'God bUssyeu, mother, For jour pure and holy lore! lie is fo much like his father, Who is dwelling upabore. Ercn jet oar old blind -Carlo Seems to miss him ever) day. For he whines, and lutens for him, Knowing be has gone away. The canarj acarcclj warbles, A Uul aits quiet all day long, flitting that clear, ringing whistls, And those merry bunts of ring. There's his straw bat in the enirr. There his stippers by the chair. His guitar stands in the corner, Where he placed it with such car.-, a)Iug, 'When jou see lu.s. motner, You'll remember your poar lioy.' Cod grant hia safe arrival home, To All my heart with joy. There! 1're inujed s lorg about him, I have not read a single word ! Ah! my thoughts hare wandered strangely Since the newsboy's cry 1 hesrJ. How 1 tremble with amotion ! How 1 dread to ope the sheet ! Tu the list or 'Killed and wounded, That the first my eyes shall meet! Aa I dreaming, bit fancy i Cease your thrabblngs my poor head. Till I read again that sentence : 'Cai-taik Waltzk GkihiX, Jiad!' Dtad ! VI ho w UI smooth those ringlets ; Who will close the bright blue c e ? 1 will go at once and seek htm, Who will tell me where he lies? Ah! my heart, be stlil your throbbing, For your surjings make mo wild! t Dead ! my boy, my only darling, , , l; Dead! my noble, noble child ! Oh ! this cruel strife and bloodshed, Will it never, uever ceasr Will this day of gloom and darkness Ue er see the light of peace ? Ttet are waiting coy in heai eu. 7V jre watching up aboo Beckoning me from earth' UlaU, ; To a horns of rest an i lovo. 1 ju calmer! Thou, oh, Father, Freely gave Terr oxlv Sou; ' , I can kiss ti rd and umrmur, -Xotar mil , balTms be douc." MM jrfedth. HAT JU8TmA. Br T8. ARTHUR. "Let justice be done, though' ih heaven should fall !" Mr. Elkington poke with m firm voice and a steady eye. "Crime is often committed under the pressure of great temptation. In n moment of weakness, the unhappy sub jeel of evil allurement falls,' said the person with whom the gentleman vra On conversation. "All true," replied Mr. Elkington; "all vry trae. But every act has Us legitimate consequence; and we wrong society, and the individual wrong-doer Ihiaitolf, whenever we seek to iulerrupi o wisely ordained a i elation. If a maa steals from ma he is a thief. For llief. Itie law ordains punishment; and I hold it to be every man's duty to give Bp the thief to justice, if in his power to do so. The progress of crime is arrested thereby, and society guarded from fitrture depredations." "This is slating the cae very gener ally. But geBeral principles are never f -ewal application. There are,coil- terU coBsiJeratious in every case, which mar net beiaregarded without wrong to tha Tadiyidual. And ne may assume if as an undoubted truth, that 'owing wrong to an individual, we vroajr tka bwdv of whkk that indi- Ytnnt la m mam1am ' M "There a great deal of false phi lanthropy, as well as false judgment, eicuaeJ by Uiiaargmaient ba:edron ex tepiions to general "rales," said Mr. Elkington, with an air of sclf-atisfac-,iipn. "lfpr ,tay part, I believe 'thai (Juore harm is done in the end by admit ting the exceptions.than could possibly .aiuc from an invariably stringent and "Hnbending ,appJicatioa oftho rule. , The man" who steals, knows that he it violating a lair of bJtli God and is fellow. The. statute of iiU country I J, that for sacii an evil act he must . ffer the penalty of imprisonment. i Lei, then, Uie penally be made so sure. I,, Jh escape becomes next to a moral " impossibility. Let every one who bo S ''TOMB eovBicant at an act of Ktealin'r; & J p the offender to speedy jastTct. .-. r - . . . :- For my pait, ptinful as the necessity might be, 1 would not Mand between jumice and my own son, were he to be come an offender. The stern old Ro man father has left an exitnple of ttn Mieiwng justice that the Christitn would'do well to imitate." "The lime may come when 3'ou will think a little differently." said the friend; "when collateral influences will have sufficient. weilPt to interpose an exception to your stringent general rule." ' a. - . - 'We'll see,' returned Mr. Eikinston, confidently, as the two men Separated. A few days after this comeralion took place. Mr. Elkington. who was a merchant, was rather surprised to re ceive a notification that he had over drawu his bitik Account more than two ihouvind dollars. "Altogether a mistake, said he to Jiintaelf, as he opened his dobk, in order to tale therefrom his bank book. But the bank book was iibt in the usual place. After lumblin overcome pa pers iturneuiv, io see U it were not mi? concealed beneath them, h turned to one of the clerks and said: "Where is Jmes V "He hasn't been to the store tliuc:",.;1f- a,kmSlon ! ? mornimr. sir." ' "Whv 9 Is he tick 9" "I cannot tell. Bir." He made , complaint of indisposition on leavhn the store last evening. It was on the lip of Mr. Elkington to say, in u doubtful lone of voice: "There's something wrong;" but 1 checking the utterance thereof, he took this hat and left the store. A little while afterwards he piesented himself at the counter of the bank where he krpt his depo-its, and asked the book keeper to oblige him by turning to his account. "I see no credit here for to thou sand dollars.deposited yesterday," said Mr. Elkington. "Did you make such a deposit ?" asked the book-keeper. "I ceitaiuly did; or, at least, intend ed lo make it." The blotter of the receiving teller was referred to, but no credit "of the sum mentioned was found thereon. "Wliut iln.iC innr 111 lib limit- u9'' ....... , kj . inquireu me letter. "I can't fiud it," said Mr. Elkington, in some confusion and perplexity of manner. "It has Jeen overlaid, m or o, HI or upon my tick, ism 1 Lnow the de - riAitM line nt-ir'ai ' -.- .1 The bank took will sellle the mat ter at once," rem irked the teller. 1 don't like the look of this at all," said Mr.Elkinglon tohimself.asho went hurriedly back to his store "James . -. m 1 . . . , . w.iiiii,ivii imitu.iimyumiLU null cnic absent; the bmkbooknottobefound;,,', wi ,.b(J ab,e to sUm, and no memorandum 01 a two ihou-, w,,e ',, threse are rcmoml , Q , .sand dollar deposit made joterday; ,ca5m for ,nvseIf. jU3tic0 for mv -standing to my credi'. VYlwl can inni,, ' ,.,.1P 'n ..,..,.1 :. mean? Sureh, that young man has! ! no', rob' ed me! He cani.ol be so base. ! iJutiChehas!" 1 To.v s'nti and hard instantly be came the ci 'tnlenance of the merchant. "If ho Lis, woe bo to him ! I will track his steps with quick-footed jus tice; the ungrateful wretch I j . . si ,1 ? afier tpnropriuing two. thousand dol- lars instead of depositing tho sum in the bank, was to leave the city in tho earliest train of cars for the South. In Baltimore ho took lodgings in an ob scure tavern, wnere he luu inmseii away from observation, hoping to re it w,HiaS : .junc as o.iu nb toe mer- eyc hU.JU,v jjj, ,,,,.. pari ,,aj chant had suspected. James Craig, a mttde um' anw. young man in his twentieth year.wliose ..Tie HW , made for tlltf tC(J. character hitherto had stood above sus- f r;oli of iOC'My you i,.tVe picion, In an evil hour had ) ielded to ..Listen. Mr, Llhington ! Hear ,lo temptation, nnd become the base robber , reaS0ll Wll sociel bt saf(jr Sff f(r as of bis employer. But hardly was' the 1 am concerned, ion years bonce, if, by deed done beyond the posibilily of , v,.r aclf 1 am jllirJeuej inlo a deliber avoiding exposure, era tho dishonesty te crim.na ' was bitterly repented. His first net. Tlie ..ern nurn.s. of .!, mi,r(,illn, main concealed until the hrat search fortcencc beneath its iion tread.' him should be over. Here, in great umiliation and distress of mind, he awaited the progress of events, bitterly repenting bis folly and cnme, U.whHt would be not have given lor lesloreil integrity ! The pries of virtue an I a rw,l noma Ufau life lull fllA annl nf "vu - 7-- "- -- --.- two thousand dollars, which, a little while before, had loomed up with such a golden attraction, now seemed of no value whatever, compareu wun me ncti treasure he bad parted with in order to cecuro it. On the secoud day after Craig's aru val in Baltimore, as ho sat incsulute and despondent in his room, the door -thereof was thrown suddenly open.mid Mr. Elkington, stood before lura. with sternly knit brows, and eyes that seem edas if they would pierce him through and through. Instanly tho wretched young man tamed ns pale as deith.nnd he was for some moments so paralyzed that he could neither move nor speak Humnh ! So I've found you, have IV said jur. iiiKingiou. as ne cioscu . ... TV ,. -,.... . .1. .1 the door. In the tones Thero was a cruel menace of bis vjice, that left small pe in the mind f fhe guilty room for hope one. who cowed before him "Anil now, what have ...lf0' you to say for your- Sneak !" he added more tin para- live ely; "what have you to say for your - self!" f! "Nothing," replied ihe young man. "Where is my money V" said Mr. Elkington. Craigdrcw from his pocket a thick roll of bank bills, and handipj them to jrr Wutloo, replied: "There it is;-1 have not used a dol lar. God in hetvtn knows how biitor Iv I have repented of this dreadful ciime I The merchant ws t,ken rather by siirini-e at tliis unexj)cctel restitution. Suli his purpose to hand the offender over to justice remained firm. Ho had pondered the m itier closely had even weighed the strong appeal made by certain collateral conoiderations but his rigid motto-."let justice ho done though th heavens should fall" had decided his course of action, and 'even now .- police officer aw.-.ited his sum mons below. "iames." a'id Mr. Elkington sternlv, )ou have crowed the Rubicon of cume, and your enemy, Retribution, must bo met. The law wisely ordains punishment for theft. You hive stolen my property, and, as a good citizen, it becomes my duly to give you up to the ministers of the law; which I shall do. A no! ico officer is in tlw Iwuiw vmt - 1 ,:n' . , ... ,. , ' ,J ,"..ijin3 Hum ncre into ins nanus. r 'Unhappy young man ! how luxe you maired our whole future life ! What insanity was upon you ?" . p: -"? -r -- . " s nioicn- noli V,Jo l ifice me for one falao !-, .iic uioi . iiitvc iuben. "I tb not sacrifice you, James," said M r. Elkington. "The act is your own, You have committed a crime, and it is ray duty, as I have said, to baud yon over lo those who punish crime. 1 feel for 3 ou deeply; but I cannot give place to weakness. Justice must be done though the heavens should fall If each onj, against whom a crime is committed, should suffer the ofTunder, when in his power, lo escape, every social safeguard would be removed. Ko, no, James, painful ns the act will be, I must give you up to jusiico." Ami Mr. Elkington turned lo leave the room. Uut.as he did so.the wretch ed young min started forward, and seizing his hand, said, imploringly: "1 have a poor widowed mother, sir; if her son is disgraced her heart will be broken." lou should have thought of that .. , . jjo'orc, James C7 It s too late now." "Do not say this I 0, sir, do not ay this! I hoi not so bad as vou think. I Though I wickedly took you money. 1 l.ir.i ,,, ,,! ;. r in...- jtunied ,0 B j , , ,f .'' li.HA , Aatdl m llllilill I re vou rum me belore the world if you have me removed from all contact with the virtuous, and nssoeivo aie with olJ air.! hardened criminals, what hope is left for me ? If I could be overcome in a . ... " f s flint 11 f inn r li ila cumtniwlinl ti I. f..i,. unhappy mother. Do nut utterly rum the widow'.! only non I' ; 'Justice ! justice I id Mr. Elking ton. in a hall bewildered m toner, as he turned towards the young man. 'You talk of justice 1' 'Will it be just lo destroy a young man, when ou might s.tve him V The jvoicnof Ciaig was now firm, and his tin.rn tr. :irr pi ... ; o.i L,rasiiin his hand, i.iid , -Thmk of my poor moiher. and let fme go free. Uelieve me.sir. vour head will rest upon a quieter pillow than if you set1 the heel of imaginary justce on my heart, and etushed out all iuno- A moment or two Mr.J!king(on paus ed. Then, in a softenei voice,he said, 'What then ?' I will piss on fat ther South; and, under a new name, set k to win back for myself, by honest indusiry,the posi tion 1 have lost.' Mr. Elkington blood silent for the space of nearly a minute. IIae vou any money V ho the asked. 'Enough to take me as far as New Orleans.' 'Ifm-w.c C!.lil fr Elkington, his ranti- ner still moro softened lowaids the young man, 'it shall be as you wish. And lo show ou that I feel an awak ening confidence in your good purposes, I will lend vou fifty dollars. You may W...UU, .. ..... i- not readily find employment, and desti tution might lead to temptation.' Noi fifty dollars, Mr. Elkington,' was the quick, answer; 'but, if you will male the sum twenty dollars, it shall bo returned, if 1 livi'. Ah. sir! this .,..,,,. r.,ti,,us- will never bo fop'ot- t"t .-... . ? , K (t.C n, already, ai a new 1111- pui l0 virtuous actions.' jf.,y vmir good icsolutions fail not,' L,jj jjr Elkington, with visible euio- f ,:. .Take this and he handed Craig a small roll of bank bills. 'Bd true 10 yourself and your mother, and all may yet be well. . q'e ..cars passed. Occasionally, in this native city, some one inquired fur this native ;j.inu,s Craig; but, fromutho time he left ,5,, ,jra(.3t no one seemed to know any- tlng a'bout him. A few months aftei . j(s di,appearance, his mother wont S(,nK.wtcre ,0 tJ,e Solith, il was iiJ, to join her ion. As time wore on, they were forgotten, or only thought of cas ually by a few who had known-'them more intimately than the rest. One day, a Southern merchant, nam ed Floyd, 10 whom Mr. Elkington had sold large bills of goods during the pre vious four or five years, but who had not visiied tlu North during that time, called in at the s ore of Mr. Elking'on. and mentioned his name. His hand was at -oncw-graspedV corllially, and much pleasure expressed at making the personal acquaintance of a valued busi ness correspondent. As the two men stood, looking into each other's faces. Mr. Elkington was struck with some thing strangely familiar in the counte nance of his visitor. . 'Youvdo not remember me?' said Floyd. 'James James Craig ! Is it possi ble?' exclaimed Mr. Elkington, irr a low voice. Not James Craig. That ntme was 'dishonored. But Andrew Floyd, a name yet untamishod, and which I trust to keep bright to the nd. You were just to the good that yet remained in my heart, Mr. Elkington, and I am, thank God ! a man again. What the consequence would have been, had your sterner ideas of justice bad their way, I shudder to imagine.' For several moments, Mr. Elkington stood silent, and in some bewilderment. Then he aid, in a subdued manner And I shudder, also. Ah ! how much harm we may do by too stringent applications of general laws in particu lar cases. Fiat Justitia is a golden rule; but, when we resolve that, justice shall be done, let us be very certain that we are not guilty of the rankest injustice.' And so wc say to all. Let justice b j done, but but pvase, ,and cons der well the case, and be very sure that something really good is not destroyed by your action. Should such, unhap pily, be the result, then, instead of be' ing just, you have surely wronged your neighbor. Pictorial Drawing Room Companion. BE70LUHONARY HEROES. UJ..Vi:n4L OUEEN'IC Ntlhaniel Greene was born in 1732, in Warwick, Rhodu Island, The fami ly was English ; they came over in the days of Charles II., and settled on land belonging to the Narragansctl Indians. Nathaniel's falter wns a blacksmith, and a Quaker preacher. His eight sons, of whom Nathaniel was tho fourth, were stout, hardy boys, good at both work ing and pi lying. In the family was a tacit understanding that Nathaniel was a hoy of Miperior ptrts; his brothers, and wen his old Quaker father, full of gospel authority, defected to his optn ions and wUhts. Acquaintance with a college student led him lo crave books. While at work. silling or standing, at the forge an J at the mill-hopper, ho studied. At hn.t his father opposed this bookish freak ; as he had never read any book but the Bihle, it ought to be enough for Nathan iel. But alter a lime he allowed him to have his own way in the matter, though he was still obliged to earn both his bread mid his books by hard work. He laboied tbo hard, so that his right hand was lamed for life. That he might visit Newpoit often, he studied the navigation of the river, and became a skillful boatman. Here he formed acquaintance with Lindley Murray, the grammarian, also the sou of a Quaker. Nathaniel's father provided no amuse ments for his children ; he insisted ou the observance of ligid rules, but did not consider that children need and must hate recreation. Consequently his son, on one occasion, slipped off to a meriy nixLiug in the neighborhood, and on his return found the figure of a man with a horse-whip in hand, waiting uuder his window lo inflict punishment for decep tion and disobedience. Tho future he ro, to the great delight of the paternal heart, took the whippiug with submis sion, having previously, on seeing his father from a distance, placed a layer of shingles between his clothes and skin,. to that no pain was inflicted by the chas tisement. And this circumstance is an illusiiation of his characteristics and tic lies ;is a general in after life he always1 acted with caution, and endeavored to keep his men and his country's cause from sotfertng harm at the hands of the en4my. iv law case in the family lud him to the study of Blackstono, and he thus became familiar with tho principles of law. He attended courts, f rmed ac quaintance with lawyers and judges;-tnd as they debited the relations of tho col onies and the mother couniiy, he soon became a politician. The troubles be twten the two countries increasing, he decided to servo his native laud, and euteied upon tho study of tho science df war. His attendance on militia gath erings alarmed the peaceable Quakers who, failing lo change his purpose,read him out of their Seieiy. In 1770 w was elected to the Gener al Assembly of the colony. In 1774 he threw off the Qniker jpib.and tnrolUtd guards. It is said that when Greene's mother found him resolved lo enter the army in defense of his country, she told him nev er to disgrace himself and the family by getting 'allot in the backT It is tirob- able she sympathized with her countty more deeply in heart than in speech. and secretly wished for the success of her talented son, lo whose future she could not feel indifferent. In 1 775 he was appointed to command tho army of observation, consisting of 1,000 men, voted into existence by the Aasembly of Rhode Island. His rank was Win of major general. A few months after, he welcomed Washington to the army, in a public address. Although less distinguished in the bat- tlus ot the Kevolution than some of his compatriots, no on-, favo Washington himself, rendered more efficient servic es through our long and arduous strug gle. Discretion and prudence were pre-eminenily the qualities which dis tinguished Gen. Greene, and which our country needed. He wns emphatically the right-hund man of Washington. The Opes Sky. It is a strange thing how little, in general, people know about the sky. It is the prl of creation in which nature has done mora for the snko of pie ising m in moro for the sole and evident purpose' of talking to him. and teaching him, than in any other ol hor works; and il is jist the pari in which we least attend to her. Them are nl many of her o.her noiks in which some mor material or essential purpose than the mere pleasing of men, is not answeicd by every part of their orgauiz ilion; but t very esseniil pui poseof iheaky raighi,go far as we kuow, be answered, if, once in threo days or thereabouts, a gicit, uglv, black raiu cloud were brought up over the blu, and everything well watered, and so all ieft blue again till next time, with per haps a film ot morning and evening mist for dew. And, instead of litis, there is not a moment of any day of our lives when nature is not producing scene after scene, picture after picture, glory .after glory, nnd working still upon such ex quisite and constant piir.ciples of the most perfect beauty, that it is quile cer tain that it is all done for us, and intend ed for our perpetual pleasuie. And every man, wherevei pla?cd, however lar irom oilu r souiccs of in c.esl or ol beauty, has this duing fur him cou ktaiatly. The no')!esi scenes of the earth cau be seen and known but by few; il is not intended that man should Itvu always in the midst of them; he injures litem by ins presence, he ceases to leel them, it lie be always with them; but tli akj is for all; bright ns it is, il is not "loo bright nor good tor human nature's daily lood." Sometimes gentle, somo limes capricious; sometimes awful; nev er tho suino for two moments togethei; almost num.-11 in its passions spiritual in its tenderness almost divine in its infinity, its appeal to what is immortal in us is as distinct as its ministry of chastisement or of blessing to what i mortal is essential. And yet we never attend to it, we never make it a subject of thought, but as 11 has to do with our animal sensations; we look upon all by which it speak9 to us more clearly tluu lo brutes, upon all which bears witness to the intention of the Supreme, that we are to receive more from the cover ing vault than the light and the dew which we share with the weel and the worm, only as a succession of meaning less and monotonous, accident, too com mon nnd too painful to be worthy of a moment of watchfulness, or a glance of admiration. Huskin, --&-& ANECDOTE of Jons Weslev. In the course of a voyage lo America hearing hii unusual noise in the cabin by Gen eral Oglethorpe,(tho Governor of Geor gia,; with whom he sailed, Jstepped in to inquire the caus of it; 011 which the General immediately addressed him: "Mr. Wesley, you must excuse mo, 1 have met with a provocation too great for man to bear. You know the only wine 1 drink is Cyprus wine.as it agreess with me the best of any. I therefore provided myself with several dozmis of it; and thisvillian, Grima!ui,( his foreign servant who was present, and almost dead with fear,)has drunk up the whole of it But I vtl'l be revenged of him. I have ordered him io be tied hand and foot, and to be carried to the man-of-war which sails with its. The rascal aho'd have taken care bow he used me so foi I never forgive." "Then 1 hope, sir.(said Mr. Wesley, looking calmly at him.) you never sin." The General was quite confounded itt tho reproof; and pulling his hand in to his pocket, took out .1 bunch, of keys, which he thiew at Gnmr.di, say ing, "there, villinn, take my keys, and beliave better for the future." 'Sir,' said a rather wild gentleman to an acquaiulnucu of ouis, my wile had a line liltlo by two nights ago, but. utifortuna'elv, ho t'ied immediately af ter his birth.' '1 don't wonder,' said our jjvial friend, 'that when ho came into the world and saw who his father was, he immedi.i ely weut out of it !' Why is a person asking questions the strangest of all individuals ? Because hu's t'to querist, himself among the Kentish The same year he married. vTi t AVoBchar. n " A. man once went to purchase a horse of a Quaker. 4 -,- Will he draw well?' asked the bu)er. 'Thee 'will be pleased to see him draw.' The bargaiu was concluded; and the farmer tried the horse, but he would not stir a step. Ue'returned, and said 'That liorso will not draw an inch.' 'I did not tell thee that he would draw, friend; I only remarked that it would please thee to see him draw; and so it would me, but be would never gratify me iu that respect.' Tnnso Situation' for a Mother A few days since, a daughter of Mr. Isaiah Saw telle, of Belgrade, Me,, about two years old. fell into a well, eighteen feet deep. The mo'her was informed of the accident, but when she arrived, the little one had sunk in four feer of water. She ran to a neighbor's, twenty rods or more, for assistance, but found none. Returuing.she lower ed (he well-pole to the bottom, and brought the child to the surface, the little thing clinging to the pole with its hands. The moiher raised ita few fee:, when its hold relaxed, and it again sauk. Again she lowered the po!e,which com ing in contact with the little hinds, it was Liken with a death grasp, and the child thus drawn up twenty feet, to its mothers arms. Notwithstanding it was apparently dead at the time, by proper exertions it was restored to lite. Causes of Effeminacy. Carl Ben son. in a recent article in the Hume Jourml.sums up the causes which have tended to make both sexes of the high est classes in civilized countries too effeminate, as follows: The effeminacy of both sexes in civil ized countries an effeminacy which, among other undesirable consequences, certainly has ihat.of mikiug man pre mattrely old seems to consist chiefly in three thing. 1st. Indolence, both of mind and body, but especially bodily indolence. 2.1. A fear of exposure to bad weath er and a general pi efereuce of indoor life and amusements. 3J. An unnatural system of hours; turning night iu'o day, and sleeping in the day-time. - An Important Fact. It is often re marked that the advertisements of a large city journal are among the m st interesting reading to te found in its pages, and certainly no ono cau have a complete idea of what is going on in the world without occasionally perusing that department of the piper he takes. It furnishes the reader with a vast amount of information of the various businesses transacted iu a large city ..and gives him often useful hints iu the con duct of his own business. Here's Webster on a bridge.' said Mrs. Partington, as she handed Ike the dictionary. 'Siudy it coMentively, and on will gain a great deal of inflamnn- llvB- . . Il has been discovered that feathers unskilfully cured and put into beds, are deadly to persons of we-tk luugs sleep ing upon them. There's an old follow in Nashville, who snores so louud that he is obliged to sleep at a house in th next street to avoid waking himself. A man in New Orleans h so upright in all his dealings that he won't sit down to eat his meals. At a recent nil way explosion, the fireman wns the only one who escaped; he was blown so far from the place that he was coplelely out of danger. Now, then, Thomas, what are you burning off my writing table?' said an nuthor 10 his servant. 'Only the paper that wiu written all over. I have not touched the clean, was the reply. A lady inquiring what description ol oil was used in auuoinliog the king at a coronation: 'Why.madame,' replied the interrogated, 'judging 'from the number of attendant?, 1 should say it was train oil.' 'My principlo. method tor defeating heresy,' says John Newton, 'is by es tablishing truth. An individual pro foses to fill a bushel with tares; now, if can fill it first with wheat, 1 defy bis attempts." A drunken chap blundering through the darkened hall of his boarding house, wns accosted by bis landlady lo kuow if he would not have a candle. 'Thun der, no!' said ho, 'it's so cussed (d.irk out here, that I couldn't 'see if 1 had light!' We Jove a good joke, whether it be told at the expense of Jonathan, John Bull, Siwney or Patrick. Hote are a few attributed to tlu gentleman first named; and entitled to Jonaih'auisms: A house painter in New Y6rk, grain ed a door so exnetlv in imitation of oak. that last year it put forth a quantity of leaves, and grew an excellent crop of acorus. A correspondent of a Picayune pap r has such a cold in his head, that he J can't wash his face without freezing thi water. - Gardening as a.Pat.of Agriculture t 1 wish to call th attention, of your numerous readers to,a few suggestions on the subject uT gardening. I "Tiali be brief, for Lesteem 'brevity one.'of the cardinal virtues. " " - By observation in tbis part-.of, .our national domiin,atrleasi,,l tint! jbcre is very liilleatteutjnpaidloihe garden as a part of the faim, " Th'e samVi. with out doubt, more or less" tine in nearly all parts of ihe country. In sections closely contiguous to our large, oliesits Boa ton, New Yoik, Philadelphia, etc, it V otherwise. Butt ese sections arc small compared with the whole ex enl of tcr- ruory oecupieu oyiarmers 11; oui tuuu try. Farmers 'iu the sections I havi ve named, understand the bal.tuce of the garden us a part of 1 ho fuim. They have fount! out their interests in this ttf spect. But I apprehend it is not so with farmers as h class. Now. 'as- wc are mostly a nation of farmers, w-Lal is for the interest of one,js,moreor less for the interest of all.' And by observa tion, too. 1 htve 'earned, men ofn ntinics have a sensitivenesss In rvgard'to-U.Jr inlerestt a leeling in-tl.tlr pocket, when they have but little feeling an where else. But the farmers of our own coun try, as a class, aic intelligent men' their country's pride, and its sute' defence. They are not the men on whorareastn is lost; they are not ihe meajtho go to mill with a s'one in ow end of the bag, because somebo Iv else did it in the days of yore. They are not the men lo humbug with the doctrine ol protccimir; they are no advocies of class legtsU lion, nor will they submit patientiy-io tho taxation of the many for the. bom lit of the few. , When they sludl become awaro tha'l oneacre.on which they needtyendonty their 'odd moments, will' produce five times as much in value as the. reflqf their land will do measurcfor measure, the' will no longer be witljout" il at which should be an nppendage to every farm, and icortlrg of the name a gar den. That a garden properly c.rcd for will do this, and often much more than do it, is assutedlr true 'bvonl successful contradiction. Experience, and theru is no heller teacher, will dem onstrate this to any one wlfo will make the trial. A fair trial is all thai is need ed to place the matter; beyond cavil or doubt. We. as farmers, should make the trial. If one fourth of an acre sown w ith carrots will produce as much food for stock as one and a half acres will do in gr-tss.why not do i:? All know thai, fed :o daiiy cows, cario.s are the best of food. And ihey are almost equally as good for many other kinds of stock. But this is noi the only view wesho'd take of the in it'.er. Not, alone for the profit of a garden should we see to it ih t we each have a good onp. We should h.iVd them as a mailer of just pride. Of all citizens we should bo ashamed to be without them. Witness the enoimous prices paid iu our largo cities for re n peas, lettuce, green corn, melons, early potatoes, for all garden vegetables, So only they be early oiles. Titev are esteemed luxuries there, and ar they any the Jess o because the 310 eaten in the co'tutry, because we can htve them almost ns well a,- not to have ihem ? It argues but a poor farmer lo come to his table in the season of them and find neither peas, norvencttmbers, nor salad of an ,kiud, in atw.ord, any thing, which should be thcie on his regal board- Again, we should cultivate them as a matter of ftsie. Wh.il urn imenl more suitable, what ornament more becoming for our rural residences than a hand some garden, well laid out, and kept ,,...! l.9 tri.', .,,.. 1 . liCilb A'lU bICnil. (1 11(11 ubrci UIIUUmLC thai industrv and tlui't on such a farm are predominant if What better evi dence of intelligence, andtLtste for the beautiful? There is no baiter evidence. Thtro need be u ne- They show ti the happiest of mankind and iho-u whom God, the Creator, most delights to bless. Dollar Nevtj,ajei Good Vinegar. Good viueg-ir mav be made by adding three quarts of mo lasses. lo eight trallons of clear rain wa tor, ihe same puTinto'a good cask and well shook up a few times." Then pur. in two or three spoonfuls of good vcajt. or two yeast cakes. Place the cask, if in summer, out-dcors.at the waimcsi side of the house; butif in cold weather, near the chimney, whe'nfil may ue'kepi warm. In ten or fifteen Jars jif.ic.i in the liquor a sheet of bruwn paper, tout into strips, dipped iuUj, WLes A"'1 good vinegar wty,be0"pipJ"yed..,Vt is clwap. An ExcsLLENvRtctVa-r rS'MaiLLsg Yeast: Take eight goal sized potatoes and pare them; gtt two single handfuls of hops, pour ou them two quarts of water, nnd let them boil as long as it takes to grate the pota'oe?. Strain tLe hop water on the potatoes, and let it stand utiihl lukewarm; -then add half :i teaeupful of sugar, a tb'epoonful;uf sail, one cup of b.:ker yeast. J'u U,iS in a jug or jir. and kepiir-iijhi. Cfno teacuplul of this -.i-t is vitfjtLft tnr three loaves of bre.fdy "S-n!.ry 3 overrnight. Save a eup'fiiTof ihts t U to raise the wxt you tmke.- ui K OH &zr ff & ? I m 1 ?