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The independent. [volume] (Oskaloosa, Kan.) 1860-1874, June 18, 1864, Image 1

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VOLUME IV, NUMBEB 42.
tl i IT V - I -'iitU. W f ut j '
OSKALOOSA, KANSAS JUNE 18. 1864. :" '
3- ' V ' .f . - . . .
:t-n.p ' Btr'TiAu' i ' .s-.i
WHOLE NUMBEIL 198.
!
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F
M f
cy tti ty . . - mHT - f """Ci
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I M 191 tad MS r a Bu fcT3 SB ' 2Ltf W PI M " EI Ml
I fl Bj wa &A vt PS v r3 ' nB l3 fs Ssi ' H HI
A, . - - . ---. -sl HyaL xy V- Jm L
-- - " 1 . 1 11 1 1 I. I ' I , I I ,
".
fcll'
V
J"bicfc4 S?to.
Annv ni3i.
OLD BCRDXED.
(o Lord or Ho:U! Almighty King!
Behold tho sacriflco we bring;
To every arm Thy strength impart,
i Thy Spirit shed through ercry heart!
WaVc in oar breasts the living Arcs,
n -1" A Vr The holy faith that warmed our sires ;
Thy hand hath made our Nation free ;
, To die for her is serving Thee.
' s Be Ihou a pillared flame, to show
The. midnight snare, the silent foe;
4 Ji) And when the battle thnndcrs load,
Still guide ns in its moving cloud.
, i God of all Kations ; So crelgn Tord !
In Thy dread name we draw the sword;
We lift the starry flag on high,
' That fills w ith light oar stormy sty.
" .'
-From treason's rent, from murder's stalu,
Guard Thou toolds, till leace shall reign;
1111 fort and field, till shore and s;a
Join our loud anthem Pnusc to TiiexI "
IT Htlmei, in Atlantic Monthly.
O.
MttM fktcli.
THE KOUSEOF SOTHSCHILD.
"The London Globe give tlie follow
?ug interesting account of Uie rise and
present position of the "money Kiivgs of
Europe,' the" famous hou'-e of Roths
child :
"Among nil the congresses held this
summer, of princi,c, lawyers, musicians,
school-masters, social science men.poli'
ical economists, and a hundred others,
one very notublo meating Itns almost
escaped public attention. A few days
ngo"our Paris correspondent told us
that a conures of the members of the
illustrious house of Rythschild has been
silting at Paris. Tho purport of the
meeting was nothing less than to rear
range the dominions.of the gieat bank
ing dynas'y. In one word, the great
object of the Rothschild congress was
to reduce the five branches of the house
who now rule Europe to four, and fol
lowing the example of G.iribaldi, to
strike another sovereign of Xaples from
the list of reigning monarchs. Hence
forth thcro are to be but four kings of
the house of Rothschild, with secure
thrones at London, Paris, Vi"nna and
Frankfort.
"It is now exactly a bundled years
since a poor Jew, called Mayer Ansclm,
iBsds his appearance t the city of Han
over, barefojted, itli a sack on his
shoulders, and a bundle of rags on his
back. Successful in trade, like most of
his co religionists, he returned to Frank
fort at the end of a few years, and tel
up a small shop in the 'Jew law,' over
which hung the sign-board of a led
shield, called in German roth-tchiM.
As a dealer in old and rare coins, he
made the acquaintance of the Serene
Elector of Hesse Cassel, who, happen
ing to be in want of a confidential agent
for various open and secret purposes
appointed the shrewd-looking ilayer
Anselm to the post. The Serene Elec
tor, being compelled soon after to fly
his country. Maver Anselm took charge
of his cash, amounting to seteral mil
lions of florins, With the instinct of
his race, Anselm did not forget to put
the money out on good interest, so that
before Napoleon was gone to Elba, and
the illustrious Elector had returned to
Cassel, the capital had more than doub
led. The ruler of Hesse Cassel thought
it almost a. .marvel to got his money
aafelv returned from the Jew lane of
Franlfort.nnd at the Congress of Vienna
was never tired of singing the praise of
his Hebrew agent to alljhe-Prinees of
Europe. The dwellers under the sign
of the RedHShield laughed in their
. sleevMrkeeping carefully to themselves
the great fact that the electoral two
million" florins had brought them four
millions of their own. "Never was hon
esty a "belie' policy.
"Mayer Anselm died in 1C12, with
out having the supreme tatis faction of
baring Ms honesty extolled by kings
sad erinces. He left five sons, who
succeeded him in tho banking and mon
ey-Wading business.and who, conscious
of their social value, adopted the higher
oaadiagaame of Rothschild, taken from
the signboard over the paternal house.
Oa hie death-bed their father had taken
a solemn oath from all 0 them to hold
is (bar millions well together, and they
have faithfully kept the injunoi ion. But
the eld city W Frankfort was clearly
toe aerrow a realm for the'fruitful sow
iag W four millions; and.iu cousequence,
the bve were determined after awhile
to extend their sphere of operations by
establishing branch banks nt tho chief
cities of Europe. The oldest son. An-
selm, born 1773, remained at Frank
fort; the second, Salomon, born in 1774,
settled at Vienna; the third, Nathan,
born in 1777, went to London; tho fourth,
Charles, the enfant UrrilAcoi the family,
established himself in the soft cHuiV.e
of Naples; and the fifth and youngest,
James, born 1792, took up his residence
at Paris. Strickly united, tho wealth
and power of the five Rothschilds were
vested in the eldest-born; nevertheless,
the shrewdest of the sons of Mayer
Auselni, and the heir of hi genius,
Nathan, the third son, look the reigns
of government iuto his own hands. By
his faith in Wellington, and the llesh
and muscle of .British soldieis, he nearly
doubled the fortune of the family, gain
ing more than a million sterling by the
sole battle of Waterloo, the news of
which he carried to England two days
earlier than the mail. The wehrht of
the solid millions gradually transferred
the ascendancy in tho family from Ger
many to England, ranking London the
metropolis of the reigning dynasty of
Rothschild.
"Like the royal families of Europe,
the members of the house of Rothschild
only intermarry with each other. James
Rothschid married' the daughter of his
brother Salomon; his son Edmund, heir
apptrcnlto tho French line, was united
to his first cousin, the daughter of
Lionel, and graud-daughter of Nathan
Rothschild; and Lionel again M, P.
for London gave his hand in 1C3G, to
his first cousin, Charlotte, the daughter
of Charles Rothschild of Naples. It it
unnecessary to say that, though thesis
matrimonial alliances have kept the mil
lions wonderfully together, they have
not improved the race of o'd Mirer
Anselm of the Red Shield. Already
signs of physical weakness are becom
ing visible in the reat fnmilv. Si at
least hint the French papers iu their
meare notices about the Rothschild
congress at ParK From all that ctn be
githcrcd out of a wilderness of canards,
thin faces, and thick fiction, it appears
that the sovereigns of the Stock Ex
change met in conference for the'double
purpose of centralizing their money
power and widening their matrimonial
realm. In other words, the five reign
ing kings, descendants, according to the
law of primogeniture, of the five sons
of Mayer Anselm, came to the decision
to reduce the number to four, by cutting
off the Neapolitan branch of Charles
Ro.hschild, while it was likewise decid
ed that permission bhould be given to
the younger members of the family to
marry for the benefit of ihe race, beyond
the range of first cousinship.
What has led the exclusion of
tho Neapolitan line of Rothschild seems
to have been the constant exercise of a
highly blameable liberality, unheard of
in the annals of tho family. Charles,
prodigal sen of Mayer Anselm, actually
nrasfciited. in the vear 1040, ten thous
and ducats to the orphan asylum of St.
Carlo, at Naples, and tho Mn and heir
of Charles, Gustavus, has given repeal
ed t-igns of his inclination to follow in
the footsteps of his father. Such con
duct, utterh unbecoming of the policy
of the house of Rothschild, could not
be allowed lo pass uunoticed; and, ac
cordingly wo quote the rumor of Paris
journalism the decieance of the Neapol
itan lino has been pronounced. -How-
everOiaron uusiavus uu ivjhuuu
not to retire intopiivate life, like-' famous
Charles V., with only a cossack oa his
r, r . .1 i .,., ..i.;i,i :
back and a prayer book in his hand, but
is allowed to take with him a small foi
luno of 150,000,000, or about six millions-sterling
a mere crumb from the
table of the descendants ol poor Mayer
Anselm, who wandered shoeless through
the electorate of good King George the
Third. It is certain that no romance
r rotrahv is enual to the romance of
" v v --
the house of Rothschild."
Hall, of Lsicesteii. Tho Rev.
Robert Hall, when on a visit to a broth
er clergyman, went into a kitchen,
where a pious servant girl, whom he
loved, was working. Ue lighted his
pipe sat down, and asked her
"Betty, do you love the Lord Jesus
"I hope I do, sir," warthe reply.
He immediately added
iRattv. do vou love me ?"
ev were married. OiUJUlm's Gal
lery.
- -
Knowledge is not wiedom.
The Little Outcast.
"Mayn't I stay, ma'am ? I'll do any
thing you give me cut wood, go after
water, and do all your errands."
The troubled eyes of tho speaker fill
ed with tears. It was a lad who stood
at the outer door, pleading with a kindly-woman,
who still scenmd to doubt
his good intention;.
Tho cottage stood by itself on n
bleak moor, or what in Scotland vould
lir.vc been called such. The lime was
near the cud of November; n fierce
wind rattled tho boughs of the only
naked tree near the house,and lied with
a shivering sound into tho narrow door
way, as if seeking for warmth at the
bbzing lire within. Now and then a
snow-flake touched, with its soft chill,
the check of the listener, or whit ncd
the augiy ledness of the poor' boy's
benumbed hands.
The worn tn evidently was loth to
grant the boy's request, and the peciL
liar look stamped upon his featuers
would havo suggested to acy mind, an
idea of depravity far beyond hjs years.
But her mother's heart could not resist
the sorrow in those hrge.b'if not hand
some grey oyes.
"Coma in, nt any rate, till the gudo
man conies home; there, sit down by
the file: you look polishing with tho
cold." And she drew a rudo chair to
the warmest corner; ihen, suspiciously
glancing at the child from the corners
of her eyes, she continued setting the
table for supper.
Presently came tho Iranip of heavy
shoes, the door swung open with a
quick jerk, and tho "gudeman" pre
sented him -elf, weary with labor. A
look of intelligence passed between
his wife and himself hft, too, scanned
the boy'b face with an expression not
evincing satisfaction, but, nevertheless,
made him come to the table, and then
enjoyed the zest with which ho dh?
patched his supper.
Day after dav pnsscd.and yet the boy
be'''ed to be kept "ont;
until to mor-
row;" so the
, 3V 4IV tl'JUW ItVUlJiVi
after due
Anncildrofinn rmri!i n? nt Ihnf en
Ion:
as ho was docile, nnd worked so hearti
ly, they would retain him.
One day, in the middle of winter, a
nPilill.tr Inni aaeiiUAinAd in trail. At ili4
cotttnge, made his appearance, ami ins
posed of his goods readily, as he had
hf.fi) w.iili'il for.
"You hae n boy out there splitting1'
wood, I see," he said, pointing lo the I
yard.
"les; do you unow mm.;
"1 hate seen him," replied the ped
dler, evasily.
"And where? who is he ? what
is he V
"A jail birds" and the peddler swung
his pack over his shoulder; "that boy,
young as he look, I saw iu the court
myself, and heard his sentence ten
months; he's a hard one you'd do well
lo look keerful arter hfm."
Oh 1 there was something so honiblo
in the word "jail," that the poor wo
man trembled as she laid away her
purchases, nor could she be cay till
she had called the boy in and assured
him that she kne.v thu dark part of his
historv.
Ashamed ud distressed, the child 4
lmnif down his head: his checks seem-
ed bursting with his hoi blood; his lip
miiw.rml. and anruMi was minted
vivdily upon his forehead, as if the
words were bianded 111 tho fiesh.
"Well." ic muttered, his whole
f-am.. rAi.iv-;mr ns if a hi; i dsn of iuilt
,.......,.......,,..--. ---------- o
nr mv mil MlUUGn IV roilL'll uu i. !
. if I 11 .1 n- ..I .......
as well go lo ruin at onco there's no (so mfttiy times bafore whoii he was not
use in my trying to be better every-; hurt. A few days moro pissed when
body hate3 auddespises me nobody the Richmond pipers ronched tho en
cares about me; 1 may as well go (ojmand, ghing a delaihd account of the
ruiu at once 1" 'ime place and manner of Stuart's being
"Tell rae," said the woman, who ( -hot, which coincided oxactly w ith ''the
stood off far enough for flight, if thnt i facts as they took place, as known to
should bo necessary; "how came you the legiment. The same piper an
to go so ynun" to that dreadful place ? ! nounced Stuart's death. This removed
Where was y oar mother ?" jail doubts. -There is no longer a qucs-
"Oh 1" exclaimed iho boy, with a tiou that Stuart was Dunn for.
hurst nf irrief that was terrible to bd- ,--.- -
hold. "Oh! 1 hain't got no mother oh!
Hi:
- w - -J
-' ,. ..i. ,., ; I :.ia
unigo 1 iiuiuuwiw -... ;,,
a baby
aby. It IU oniy a mou.er, .,
continued, his
unguish growing yehe
ment, the tears gushing out o his
strange lokmggiey oye. "1 wouldn t
a been bound out, and kickcd.aud cuf
fed, and laid oiMo with whips; I would
n't 'a got knocked down, nnd then run
away, and stole because I was hungry.
Oh 1 I hain't got no mother sinuo I was
t .Till
a oauy .'
The strength
wns all gone
from the
...,ivil 9 Did she co dlv bid iuni
pack up and bo off the jail-bird ?
Np. no she had been a mother, and
although all her children slept under
tho cold sod in the church yard, was
u mother blill.
She vveni up to that poor boy, not to
hasten him away, but to lay her tingeis
kindly, softly on his hoad to tell lutu
to look up, "and from henceforth find
in htr a mother. Yes, she even put
i.. ..-. nriAiit the neck of that lor-j
saken, deserted child sho poured .from
her mother's heart sweet womanly
words, words of counsel and ttnder-
ness- . 1 .1 .
ni. t Una- sweet was her sleep that
niht how soft was her pil'ow ! She
' . .. i ir...:l,r.nrl 111 lll-r
hud Huled a rioor suffering heart to hers,
, ..?! !i sink- m his knees ! Sra?lJ!'
jjuu. ou,,... - - --- str.tngo that it siiotuu ne tuts is
sobbing great cnosmg sons, , f.,, sl ,ife of man. Look back along
bing the hot tears away wilh h. kn ue- o . (hen
kles. And d.d that woman stand tli-ia J - .. . . . t, j
by the most silken the strongest barfd
of love. She had plucked some thorns
from tho path of a little sinning, but
strii ing mortal. None but angels could
witness, her holy joy, and not envy.
Did the boy leave her ?
Never ho is with her still; a ijr0r
ous, raanly,promising youth. The low
character of his countona'cao has ghen
place t an ojejj, pleajnir, expression,
with depth enougl&cta&uke. U an inter
esting study. His fisfor-fatl.T is dond,
his good fostor-mother still lives, aged
and bickly-, but ahe knows no want.
Tho once poor outcast is her only
dependence, and nobly does he repay
the trust.
"He that savcth a sod from death,
hidoth a multitude of sins."
imllMMiw.
How Job Stuart wm Killed.
The 4th Michigan cavalry is in Gus
lar's brigade, and was with Sheridan
on his recent raid toward Richmondi
A. private named Dunn belonging to
Company A, of the 5th Michigan. s!mt
Gen. J. E. B. Stuart with a "Spencer
long rangn" riilu. While the 5:h was
under a heavy tiro the Colonel's atten
tion was called" to the fact that a rebel
General, with a considerable number of
staff oflioers.suddouly appeared insight,
and within roach of the riflo. The
General's name was not then known.
One man of the 5th shot at him, but
niissed. Dunn watched the shot, and
instantly exclaimed: "Toj high and loo
far to tho left." "Say, old Dunn, what
do you ktiow about shooting?" inquired
another member. Dunn replied that he
served two years lit the Beidan Sharp
shouteis, before he joined t!.o 5th, and
took a prize in Washington for the best
"hoi.
Tnis was good nows to the Colonel
and the man, nnd Dunn, suppoitiug his
woids by Hu.iiuit. quietly stepped for
ward a few' feer, and rrs'ing his lung
lange rluVupou a fence fired, and the
hamlsTVirefcuuiJ out hotliarnii.ana fc-H
from his horse. At thu same moment
Dunn, turning lo his Colonel, said:
"Cofancl, there is a spread eagle for
you."' The men cheered Dunn, who
suddenly-became a great favorite in the
regiment. His uamo ran through Cus
tar's brigade. "Well done, good and
faithful eerv.in,'was upon every tongue.
Somo ten or twelve men wore seen to
dismount and assist tho wounded or kill
ed rebel General.
Tho most intense rnxiety was at onco
r 1 r-i . t 1, ,!,..,
manifested in Cuslar s brigade to learn
the mmo of tho General who was thus
shot. Soon nfter Custar became mas
ter of the very spot whcie the man was
hit, and ihe hill 'bayend, on the summit
of which lived an old colored woman.
Custir cameJ to a halt near her hoiiso.
About tho door of the old rtoniRa's hut
wa a large quantity of fresh blood.
"Vli(i blond is that. sunt ?" incmfr'ed
a Michigauder.
"That is Geueiul b u-1
art's blood
since, rigl
IIp icns Rhot a ifde timo
throuidt the bodv. The
TjaH entered his right side and came out
I of his left." Tho old lady was ques-
J tioned carefully to asecrtain if she knew
(Smart herself, and it was found that
.she did.
' Theiiien doubted.' ne verlhuless, be-
, - -.,,. ...... LSI!.. I
E - I?.... ... 1. ..I mm. .. mm 101
causu o.umi u.iu ireui. iv'"-
.i.ika ?ncii-r ii ift upon rimmLeu hiucu
T ilf..l :,I,I nv- Kitnt-lt iflll fit, flli
. iuau vi fc", "-:'"" :'"
i 1 w droopina mellow nutumn ol a nc.i
nlorious summer In the old man na
ture hns fulfilled her works; sho loads
him with tho fruit of a vveli spent life;
-ui rounded by his children, nho rocks
him away softly tp the grave, to which
he is followed by blessings. Thcro is
another-lifo hard, rotlgh and thorny,
trodden with bleeding feot nnd aching
brow, a battle which no peace follows
ibis side of the giave; which the grave
before the victory- is won; and
IIIC
Westminister Review.
A Beautiful Rasters Belief,
Two angels keep watch upon each
mortal an angel on the right, and an
angel on the l'fl takinj notd of ovory
word antl action. At the closo of each
ilnv thev flv un to heavoh with a writ-
ten leport, anu are ivmk-L-u uj w
similar ones tho following day. Ac
cording to eastcnv tradition, every good
action is recoided ten limc3 by the angel
on the right, and if the mortal commit
a sin, the same benevolent spirit says to
the an"cl on iho left "forbear for se
. t i-.i I.- 1.-.
mav repent nnd pray andoblaiu for
Vc
en hours to record it; peradvenluie ho
giveness." ,
111 'IWW " "
Invalidism is the normal state of
many organisms. It may be changed
to disease, bnt never to absolute health"
by medicinal appliances. There are
many ladies, ancient and recent, who
aro' perpetually taking remedies for
irremediable pains and ache?. They
ought lo havo headaches and Backaches
and stomachacJiesj thoy bro not well if
thoy do no havcf them. STo expeot"
them to live without frequent twinges,
is hko expecting a doctor's old chaise
to ro wtttiout crcauin;; it n mu wt
might be sure the springs were broken.
There is no doubt that the constant
demand for medicinal rcmedie-j from
patiento cf this classjlead? to their over
use; often in that of opiates.
1 will venture to say this, that if
every specific wore to fail utterly; if
lh chineona frees all died out, and the
arsenic ininea were exhausted; tho sul
phur regions burned up; if every drug
from the vegetable, animal and mineral
kingdom were to disappear from the
market; a body of enlightened men.
organized ns a distinct piofession, would
be required just as much as now. and
resptelud and tiusted a3 now, whose
province should be to guard against the
causes of disease; to eliminate them,
if possible, when still present; to order
all the condition' of the patient so as
to favor the efforts of the system to
right itself.and to givo those predictions
of the coarse of disease which Only ex
perience can warrant, and whi;h in so
many cases, relieve tho crtggerated
fears and-suffere'is and their friends, or
warn them in Season 6i impanJing dan
ger. Great as the loss would be, if
certain active remedies could no longer
be obtained, it would leave the medii-al
profession the most essential pirt of its
duties arid nil, nnd more than all, its
pieaent share of honors; for it would
be the death-blow to charlatanism,
which depends for its success almost
entirely on drugs, or at least a nomen
clttttre that suggests them.
There is no offence, then, or danger,
in expressing the opinion that after all
that has b&en said, the communhv is
still overdosed. The best proof of ii
of apothecaries, and tint o'd ' practi-
jtioucrsaie moi tpatinyf active medi
cine than younger ones JJr. Holmes.
Inordinate Thibst. To ihvse who
have, a strong d.sirc to drink great
quautitus of water in summer, a writer
gives the following advice: 'Take the
twig of a birch, elm or other tree hav
ing a pleasant tasto, and cut in sevetal
pieces about half an inch etch. Keep
one of these in the mouth while travel
loir or working in tho situ, tor auoui an
'"& Vi ,a uo ....
nour. Liutiw il un uu aiiituit .j
place with another, andaius continue
during the warmest hours of tho day$
By following tluVadvicei a person will
feel no more desire to drink in warm
than cool weather.
Wosdeuful Msnor.Y o? Da. Porsos,
tiieoueat Giiej k Scholar. One day
Corson catted on a inenu who iiappini-
. ... t , . i - i ...
'ed to be reading Tliucytuues, anu who
asked leave to consult him on the mean-
in"- ol a word, rorson, on Hearing tno
word, did not look at the book, but- at
once repealed tho passage. His friend
asked how he know that it was that
passage. 'Because,' replied Porson,
the word occurs only twice in Thtioy
llides, once or. the right hand page in
the c-iiion which you are using, and
once on tho lft. I'observed on which
hid you looked, and accordingly knew
to which passage you referred.'
i r
Oi.I Oats. Jitmes Bmks. in the
North British Agricultiiiist, bta'es that
ho recently cleared away ,suuie old Ro
man-encampments on his rarm near
Alnwick, a farm which he has nveu on
for 63 year, and forthwith auioigtlu
bnilcy thtJto sown, arose some 75 va
rieties of oa s, never seen in that sec
tion beforo. lie will save the seedt-nd
exibit at the next agricultural fair in his
distriet. As ho nover sowed any oats
there, he conjectures that the place
was an old cavalry camp, and that the
oat3 which wero ripened under other
skies, have lain covered with debits
for 1,500 years, nnd now being expos
ed to tho action of sun and air, they
have germinated and borne these fruits.
The wild oat retains ia germinating
power for years; but this powar has
hitherto not been attributed to the cul
tivated varieties.
gmm M 'mmMt
How to Make'Vinegar.
Fill nearly full any vessel, jug, crock,
pan, ub, or barrel, with pure rain or
soft water. Sweeten it with any kind
of inoltissw (ihe quftutity is not tnate
lial), set in a moderately warm place
or in Iho sun, cover with a sieve, gauze,
or net, to keep out flies or gnats. In
due process of time il will bo iuegar,
when it must ba put into a suitable
vessel and kepi close. To couvort cider
into vinegnr it mnue 'Tom sweet p
pies, it is only
id iu a warm
1- I. .- ..!.. n,MnoeAn tr eit-tllrt lijr.
pies, u.y .-.j - - -
place anu uuociiouiiuc
Dosing Invalids
bung; 'stir in a little molasses, and wIicb
sour enough bung up light. Vinegar
bairaW should be well painted, aVthey
nro liable to.be eaten by worms.
It will be proper" to .state that it is
the atmosphere, whichn time converts'
the sweetened water 'o vinegar, hence
the gronrer the surface' of water exnosed
;- :i . .1 . -it
iu Ks.iiiuuence ipe soonerurwii! sonr.
Ihe re is. a thick scum
of tho vinegar when, mal
thj "mother" .ind sin
away,
Receipt for Ilaklng Rhubarb Wine.
A correspondent of thai Bucks .(
ty In'eUl'jenccr, gives tho followin
Cotin-
., --- --a-
incr re-
ceipltf tor making "American Cham
paign," or wino trbln Ihe sulks o'f the
rhubarb or pie-plant :
Cut tho rhubarb into small pieces,
put. it into just enough water to keep it
from burning, boil until quite tender,
strain through a coarse cloth. To one
gailon of this liquid, add two gallons of
water; to each gillon thus ma'de put
four pounds of sugar; ferment in an
open vessel forty eight hours, then lake
oil tho scum, and add ono pint of best
brandy to every four gallo- s, after
which, put into an air tight cask; then
let it remain six months undistutb'ed
when it will be ready for bottling.
In each bottle jut one raisin, and seal
the bottle well.
Delicious Pdddixo. Bakd common
sponge cake in a flat bottom pudding
dish. " (Sever il may be-prepAred nl one
time, as Urey are quite as good, when a
few davs old, and very dry.) Wlun
desired tor use. cut into sixths or
eighths; split each piece butter them,
nnd return them to Unir 'places in tne
dish.. M.iku a custard with four eggs
10 oae .quart of milk, season and .sweet
en to the taste, and pour it over the
cake; bake half an hour; the cake will
swell and fill the ctistrfrd. ' -
Potato Bi.eau. Boil thu potatoes
very soft; then peel and mash them fine;
put in salt, and very little butter; then
rub them n ithjthe "llour; wet the flour
with IuXcwaroi water; then work m tbut
veastrand flour tiHstiff vuoslgh to mould
wheat bread, and phould be baked as
soon as risen, as it turns sour very toon.
The riolatoes that the broa'd is made of
should be mealy, and mixed with tho
flour in proportion of one-third of po
tatoes to two thirds of (lour.
To Make Elderberrv Jau axd Pies.
A correspondent of the Ohio Culti
vator gives the following receipt:
Take the fruit when fully ripe, and
mash well. For eacn quart of the
nnshed fruit, take one, putt of sugar
this should be melted over a slow fire
and skimmed, then add the fruit" boil
and stir briskly until done. This when
diluted, makes the finest and healthiest
pit-s wo can use, and I can assure our
iclutives that il goes far toward pallia
tiu the chargeof slovenliness often laid
to ourhusbmds for having their fence
corners' grovl-n over hedge like wiih
this shi nb.
To Sweetes Mextjlxd Fisn When
meat, fish, &c, from intense heat or
long keeping, are likViy'? to pass into a
stale of corruption, a simple and sure
mode oT keeping thni . sound and
healthy is, by putting a few pieces of
charcoal, each the sire of an egg, into
the pot or saucepan, vvhertin tho fish
or flesh are to be boiled. Among "oth
ers an exnorimont of this kind was tried
upon a turbot, which' appealed (00 far
gone to be eatable. Ihe cook, as -.advised,
put three or four pieces of char
coal, each the mzo of an egg.under the
strainer, in the fish kettle; after boiling
the proper lime, the turbot came to the
table perfectly sweet and firm.
Fiuro Potatoes Te French meth
od of cooking potatoes affords a most
agreeable dish. Tho potatoesa?c peel
ed, wiped. and cut into thin slices, then
thrown into-swryitig-pan contaiuing an
abundance of .hot Jard. As scon as
they become brown ami crispy they are
thrown in'o a colunder lo drain, then
sprinkle with snll.and served tip as hoi
as possible. '
Fkxd for Hordes is Spring. For
feeding horses in sprinj, thcr'e is noth
ing better than oals, only give them
enough. As for the amount of plow-
;nir 1 Annrsnl. tH. Tf hk has -ft rrood
,.n . , j '...i
2"! ?.ST " -Z'UJ?: " "A:iru rl
p8 ..."" n nV-T"" w" v
not mine. vy, u. v.
! .0 to fitite gsN&
LITTLE CHARLIE, THE
' CflUDAXGEL
Poor little Char lie! Time- in pl&i
ty to adjust all those-pilLen ringlets;
time to embroider all those gay Jilti?
dresses; tune to linger till midnraht
over the Last now novel? bat for- Ue
soul that looked foiih from those hae ettect oa the icurlh !ay vJo
deep blue eyes, no time to sow tt-.e ly next; soc-cecdiug -iudi admtssio.
good seed, no. time tn watch fast
.r. . . , ,tsov.. ...,.
- .-
Frqm that57time;' Chnrlie'niid I
were inseparable. The thoughtless
rnother, vyell, content topas! her
tirrje devouring all kinds of trashy
literature, or iu idle, gossip with her
drawing-rGqm companions:. J he
yonng. father, wcajfy with busmess
trotlbles', corttentiriG: nrtnielf tvith a
rises.on the top l lwi ""g-wou-niSi", ' "
: .1 i. -.i ;!-.. 1 .!.. .!.
king, which is rtay;bji:t't.llieOBcen-ronu
ould not be thrown -roor-vnarne; -meanwni.e, -pin 10
oeu, lor sate-Keepmg, awoutu . lie
hours, tossing restlely frpmrside to
side," "with HQthingm himind," as
he innocently snirj to me. What n
jov to sit bv ,hFs side and beguile the
lonely' hours! There I, learned, to
understand the meaning of oiir Sa
viomJ5 word's, "For ofiiiclf i? the
kingdom of Heaven.'1
In his clear, silvery-stones, hewo'd
repeat after me, 'lOur Father,'! ask
ing me the meaning of; every peti
tion; then he would say, "Why .don't
vou telLLizzie? Lizzie don't know
anv prayers!
On3 night J
sanu him these
lines, -
u5wxt fljIJVlyol The strclllixr fioftil.
Starnl Uresfil Iu Ikin; sra;' i
he raised himself in .bed.,, while Ihe
i aiscu iiiiiisuii in .uu,n line iiiu
ars .trembled ,on jii,Ungi,l:i4he.
dsajd,"0 sing that agajn,r-it
lea
and
seems a if I saw a b?.iutuiu picture!"
i saw a U3.1UIUIH iiictui
ng my cut tar, I wf
Then, taking my 'cuitdr,"!" would
sit'bv his bedside, atftr-sVatch the
blue eyetf'droop and grow'1 hcavv
with sl(imb,er as-1 sang to him.J -And
she, whose autv, and 30, and pride.
it (should have usen.4lo,..lead'stfiOsfcf
liStle feet 10 Him .who biddeth ''little
. JCyl lUlllUI-IIIIU UIIIUC1I1 NUIU
Idien come," was, indolently and
ttentddlv bound m flqwerv fet-
r t " ' !'' iVJ i - . ,
child
con
ters 01 her own weaving, unminii
fill that an angel's 'detiny was in
trusted to her careless keeepiitg.
Littlfe Charlie' lay tossing Fa his
little bed, with a high fever. ' It is
needless to tellot the hold he had
upon my heart and services. His'
childish mother, either unable or un-meTncfia'rge-dl
Win arawn irom
his side by the attraction of agreat
military ball. 1 changed Ins hetfted
pillowsgavehimthecoolingdraught,
bathed his feverish temples, and, fin
ally, at his.requeat, rocked Jum gen
tly, v quiet , his v rest esiiiess. He
placed his little arms about my neck,
and said, feebly, "Singv to tne of
UeJiiCcn." When I finished, he
looked languidly dp.-aying, 'Where'
Lizzie? I'lnuslFw's- Lizzie!""aud as
the words died upon hxs lips, his
eye-k drooped, his heart fluttered Jibe
a prisoned bird, and little Charlie
was-counted; one in the heavenly
fold. -
As 1 closed his eyes, and crossed
the'dlnipied hands peacefully upon
his little I rea-st, his, hvji w.orjls rang
fearful!- iu mv cars "Where's Liz
zie?" . ' '
TflE'U- S. FLAG-
The hoys wilt be interested ia the
following history of. our Flag:
. Washington -unfurled ' the first
Union Flag, in January, 1176, when
I the Uritiih werer- in possession ot
Boston, and the.Anierican's encamp
ed at Cambridge. It. (waj. compos
ed of thirteen stripes, aitemate red
and white, syintyoUzjngsthc thirteea
revolted Colontes. in one corner,
where we now have the Stars, was
the device of the BritMi Union Flag,
composed of two crossfe-F, 'red and
white, on a bfnc .ground. One'Vvas
a common cross,a horizon lal and per
pendicular bar, and tha crov of St.
Akdbeav, representing Scotland,
which is in the. form ofanX The
colors, it will .be s.eenr wevhe.same
as ill' the Brit5fi flags. ,Congfes, in
lTTTcharfged the flag, by"j,ubstiHi
ting thirteen Stars for the Bntis.h
Union, by ihe passage of the- foKow-
iag resolution! -
llesolv'edv That the flag of the
thirteen United States bo thirteeri
stripes, alternate red .and while;
that the union .be thirteen siars,
white in a 'blue field, representing u
new f
onstellatioo
Thi. to ciXnu u,e under
MhoConstiTutioo. until the 4th dav
1 . , ,0,o. s ,1 j. , 1
oj .luiy, 1010. vju ttitr'iiu 01 nprn,
of that
vearv triQ uongrt-ss ot tne
United Statos passed
a law m
the
following words;
Sec. 1 That from and after tl
fourth of JuK- next the flag ol tha
United States be thirteen boiunatal.
stripes, alternate red and -white; thai
the union be twenty fctars while
a blue field.
2, That oa the) adwitasioB ol'er
cry neve Stnte ift lh UbjoCj or
'starjhe- suited u ths u&rci m tto
0;g, and ihnt suvu Iditiuu saU
So. sJtartils the town! shts dar.asd
i utnlterablc bit by ttw.
3jl
?
tl

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