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Ine - ''' ur1 " '-ti. Jtl ej!C 4 nagac -TT- Jl ' J. W. ROBERTS, SebofeS fo &giei(Ifq .VMwito, firfe, -fYetos, 5 6e,eh. IfatsfaH. . t- Editor aid Prtpriettr. t"H t -, j , rl VOLUME VI, NUMBER 13. 0SKAL00SA, KANSAS, DECEMBEE 28, 1865. WHOLE NUMBER. 278. Independent. : XEAUEIl TO LIFE'S VIWTEK. Jfearer to Ufa's Winter, wife. Wo are drawing nearer Memories of the blesMd Spring Growing tweeter, dearer. Thro' the Summer beat we've toiled, Thro' the Autumn weather We have also passed, dear wife, Hand in hand together, Tims was hearts ueie, well as feet, Lighter, I remember; April's locks of gold are tcrned To silrer, this orember. flowers are fewer than al first, And the war grows drearer; For unto lire' Winter, wife, We are drawing nearer. -Tfearer to life's end, sweet wife, tVe sire drawing nearer, 'The last milestone on the way V ourstjht grows clearer. Some lioe hands we held quite faint And laid down to their slumber; Looting tiicVward, w to-day All their grares may number. Hights we're sought we failed to climb, Fruits we're failed to gather; But v hat matter since wo've still Jesus and each other, jrdofefl jRtttfc. SQTJ.BE PITMAB'S peaches. School was over for the day. Armed with sachels and dinner-pails.the schol ars filed out of the school-house, and in merry groups wended iheir way borne ward! The last o go were two boys of twelve, who had been 'aVpt after school" for deficiencies in geography. Their r.ames were respectively Tom Grey and Frank Green. "Tom," said Frank, "have you had any peaches this year ? "Only one; uncle Ben brought us one apiece when he came from Boston, last Saturday. Wasn't it prime, tho !" "Then you're better off than 1 am, for 1 have n't had any. But I know where there are some, and I mean to have mure than one this very night." "You do !" exclaimed Tom, engeily. "Whereabouts are they ?" Frank looked cart-fully about him, to make sure that no one wai within hear in". and whibpered, "In Squire I'll- roan s jraruen ft! But," said Tom, a little dubiously, "that would be sle aliug." "O," said Frank, "he'll never miss 'em. The trees are ever ro full. I. made my mouth water when I paed there this morning. The 're more 'han he can eat, and we might as well have 'eui as leave 'em to rot on the trees." "So we hail." said Tom. who was easily persuaded. "Are you going to night V Ye-; there is n't any moon, so that it will be in our favor. Will jou go ?" "Yes. When will you be ready ?" "Call for me nt hair-past eight. I'll be at the corner of the orchard, ilind and bring a bag with you. We shall want to carry away a few." "All tight; I'll be on hand." Squire Pitman, the owner of the gar den referred to by the boys.had recent ly n moved in'o Cedarville. He had spent rmst of his life in the city, where he bad accumulated a fortune, a part of which he invested in a fine old place which chanced to be for sale. The pro prietor had paid particular attention to the garden, introducing choice varieties of fruit-trees of various kindti, which were now in excellent bearing condition. Squire Pitsaan he waa called Squire out of deference 10 bis wealth bad mov ed into the village too recently to have made any acquaintances. He was a pleasant-looking old gentleman, rather old-fashioned in bis appearance, who usually walked with the help of a gold beaded cane. After sapper that ereaing. the gard ner came in and requested to speak with Lisa for a Moment. "Well, Janes." said the old gentle man, "what is it?" "I suspect, sir," said Jaaaes, "that an attempt will be made to rob yoar fruit 'trees to-night." Bless my coal ! What makes you think so?" "I happened to overhear two boys talking about it. 1 could n't bear all they said, bat I beard enough to show wbat they were after." "Do you think they are coming to night ?" asked the Squire,after a pause. "Yes, sir; shall 1 let out the dog ?" "No, he night bite then." "And serve 'en right." "1 would rather hare them brought iato me. Yoa nay get Reuben to stand watch with yoa, and if yoa catch them yon nay biing ibem into tbe bouse." "Yes, ir," said "James. Tom aad Frank met, as agreed upon, and starts! ia company for tbe garden. "Did yea bring a bag?" asked Frank. "No, bat I have got an extra hand kerchief; that'll bold a good lot." "All right; we can bide 'em ia the kashas, and go to 'em when we want .tlim." By half. past eight it was quite dark. There was no moon, and only here and there a star was visible. "It's a jolly night," said Frank. "Just the thing." At length the boys reached the picket fence that surrounded the garden. "Get over first," said Tom. With some difficulty, Frank clamber ed up, but got caught in tbe picket and tumbled to the ground. "Are you hurt?" whisperedTom. "No, but I've torn my trowsers. Look out sharp for the plaguey pickets." "Now, where are the trees?" asked Tom, when he had got over. "there s one; you get up and snake it, and I'll pick 'em up." "No, Frank, you're the best at climb ing." "0. yes, no doubt you'd rather pick 'em up." "Well, I'll climb the next tree." "I'll save yoa both the trouble," said a rough voice, which made both (he boys turn pale. They started to run, but the pursuers were too quick for them. Tom was soon struggling in the gr.tsp of the gardener, and Frank tried in vain to getaway from Reuben, a boy of sixteen, who assisted on the place. "You let me go?" said Tom, strug gling energetically. "I'd a little rather not 1 I've been waiting for vou for some time, my fiue fellow." "If you do n't let me go, I'll bite," said Frank to his captor. "If you do, 111 have to pull out your teeth," said Reuben, laughing. "What are you going to do with us, any way ?" "Going to carry you into Squire Pit man. He wants to see you.' Terrified by this threat, the boys begged piteousl to be freed, but their Cip'ors were inexoiable. r in ding strug gles and entreaties alike useless, they resigned themselves assively to their fate, while visions of arrest and impris onment filled their hearts with dismay. Squire Pitman was sitting in his libra ry .looking over the evening paper, when a noise was heard at the door, and R-u-ben nnd the gaiiluci ppcrcd,oni;Ii mill a boy. "Here they are, sir," said James. "We've caught 'em," said Reuben. "Bless my soul !'' said the Squire, "and what are their names ?" "This one is Tom Grey.and the other one is Frank Green. " ' "Very well, you m iy leave the young gentlemen here wi'h me." "Yes, sir." Rather reluctantly J inics and 11-uben let go their hold of our young adven tuiers, and left the loom. Tom and Frank looked Mdeways at the Squne. expt-ciing lo be seized and shaken, oral the bct to receive a s vere scolding. What was their surprise, when tin-old gentleman came forward very pleasantly, and said : "Boys, I'm very happy to see yoa. I like to icceive visits Irom young peo ple, though I think it better in such cses for them locome through the gate, ami not get over the fence, as they are liiible to tear their clothes." Frank looked down al his turn trows ers in a little bewilderment. "Pray sit down," said the Squire, politely. Tom and Frank sat down on the cor ners of two chairs, evidently ill at ease. "How old are you, Thomas ? I be lieve that is your name ?" "Twelve, sir." "And you, Frank?" "I am twelve, too." "And I am seventy. It was really kind of you to come and call upon an old gentleman like me. But (he even ings are short; and you ought to have come earlier." Tom looked at Frank in silent won der. He did n't know wbat it all neant. If he had been shaken up, that be would have understood; bat the Squire's man ner puzzled him completely. "Are yoa fond of fruit, Thomas?" asked the Squire, innocently. "Ye-es," said Tom, a little uneasily. "Do yoa like it too, Frank ?" "Pretty well," said Frank, who was a little afraid of committing himself. "So I suppose. Most boys do." Squire Pitman rose from bis seat, and rang tbe bell. "Yoa may bring in some plates and knives," said he lo the servant, "ami lay them on the table." This was done. Next the old gentle man went to tbe cloet,and brought oat a basket of peaches. "I generally keep a little frait." he remarked, "to treat the fiiends wbo are kind eBoagb to call upon me. Help yourselves." Tbe wondering boys did so, and com inenc d eating. They wondered if the shaking would come up after the peach es were eaten. Even if it did, they would have the satisfaction of eating them. "Do you like them?" asked Sqaire Pitman, who seemed lo enjoy seeing the boys eat. "Yes, tir,' said Tom, "they are tip top." "I'm glad you think so. I have sev eral peach-trees in my garden. James, the gardener, was telling me that there whs some danger of boy. getting in and robbing the trees; but I do n't have aay fears ou that score." Here Tom and Frank exchanged tjl U1CC3, "If any of the boys want fruit, I know they would prefer to come and ask me for it, or drop in and make a friendly call, as you are doing. By tho way, would nH you like to carry home a few peaches with you ?" " t "Yes, sir," said the boys.Jiesitatingly. "If yo'u had something to put them in" - "I'vecot ajiandkerchief." said Tom. "And I've jol a bag," said Frank. "Bless my soul, how thoughtful you were to bring a bag ! It will be just the thing, l ou re welcome to the peaches in that basket, if you can stow them away. 'We are very much obliged to you,' said Tom, gratefully. "O, do n't say a word. It is a mere trifle, and I like lo make some acknowl edgement for your kind call. Will you call and see me again ?" Yes, sir, if you would like it." "I bhould be most happy to have you come. I get lonely sometimes, and young company cheers me up. Per haps, though, you'd better come to the door, as it is a little dangerous climbing over fences, added the old gentleman, a little slyly. The boys laughed rather consciously, and were shown to the door. Squire Pit man shaking them both by the hand, and kindly repeating his invita'.ion. 'Ain't he a trump?' ejaculated Frank, when the door had closed behind them. That's so. I felt awful meau to have him treat me so, when 1 bad come after his peaches." "So did I. You won't catch me in such business again." The str,rj of tho boys' visit to Squire Piiman leaked out, and made quite a sensation among the school-boys. It was unanimously agreed that it would be the bight of meanness to make any further attempts upon the property of one who had treated their companions so handsomely. The gardener kept watch for a few nights, hut from that lime Squire Pitman's trees were as safe as if a bull dog had been chained al the fool of every tree. Student and ScAoolmute. Republicanism vs. Rebellioa In an able letter la the N. Y. Pott Robert D le Owen exhibits the erudi tion of the country, and points out a remedy. He speaks of the President's policy, of the duty of congress to seo thai each State has a Republican form of "overnment of the wrong and iu- jusiice of depriving any class or rnce of suhrage on account of color, or tor an other consideration of caste of the du ly and policy of the loyal population, while thy have the power, to provide again t the disfranchisement of the grett lotal element of the South by an oli garchy of the necessity of providing for the future safety of the Union and the government argues all these ques tions with much force on general prin ciples ; and then brings them to bear practically and pointedly as follows : "If the framers of the constitution had anticipated such an insurrection as that we have just quelled, I do not doubt that, besides giving congress the right to determine the time, place and manner of holding elections for congressmen, (hay would have given that body tho further rilit to determine the qualifications of voters as well for congressmen as for president. Those are national offices ; and I think it would have been expedi ent to vest in the nation not the sepa rate states the right to determine how they should be filled. I am quite sure that in the present temper of the south, it is not safe to suffer each state lo de termine the qualifications of electors of federal officers. The qualifications sho'd be uniform in all the htates, and the rep resentatives of the nation should deter mine these. I propose, therefore, that congicss, before admitting members from the late issargeat stales, should take the initia tory atep so to amend the constitution that the qualifications of voters for pres ident and vice president, and for repre sentatives in congress, shall be determ ined by congressional or constitutional authority. 1 think it best, to insure per manent uniformity in a matter so vital as ibis, tbal the amendment should set forth, specifically, the qualifications to be required of the electors in question, l least in part. It should be provided that race or color shall not be a qualifi cation, and that the ability to read the constitution shall be. It would be well to incorporate in the same amendment a provision that the president and vice president shall be vot a.i for directlv bv the people. The in tervention of electoral colleges (a pro vision virtaally annulled oy puouc opin ion) has long bees a mere dead-letter in cumbrance ; and as sach. hould be e rased from the constitution. As to ihe literary qualification the ability to read it has in its favor at this tine two recommenaauons ; uuu uswuu .. moA n( (.tnediencv. the other of principle and eternal. ForT first, it is acompromiso offered to the south on the negro-suffrage question, shutting oui for the time being probably ncnelten twenticths of the Africa? nice ; and, IQimlUnnM. secondly, it is the first step in the as sertion of two great principles tbe one, that the accident of race shall not ex clude a free citizen from self-government and the other, that while monarchical Europe commonly selects property as a suffrage qualification, republican Amer ica substita'es for itthe testpf ictelli- There ara. H Is true, excepiione to ev er ruie, ana, oi course, there ure to.be found intelligent men who cannot read; but if these men have obtained such ac curate political information as every vo ter ought to possess, they havo collected it as a sailor shipwrecked on a desert is land might wrest a living from the soil by cultivating it with a mason's trowel. The) should be required to possess them selves of the benefits of printing, the implements of knowledge, before they arc admitted to exercise the solemn du ty of suffrage. We need something to remind us that it is a solemn duty, Suffrage has. of late years, and especially in our ureal cities, gradually come lo he not only cheapened, but, in a measure, dishonor ed and degraded. That cannot contin ue and increase without endangering our very form of government. Any thing which tends to elevate suffrage in the eyes of those who exercise it. Unds to the perpetuity no less than to tbe moral ity of the republic. Some will object to the amendment proposed, th.it it is insufficient for pres ent purposes, being a compromise un der which we should.Iose, for a gener ation of men, perhaps, the vote of a large majority of the negro population; anu mat we cannot atlord to lose so large a loyal vote in an emergency like the present. There is force in the objection. But in this slow moving world il is oft en the question not what should be done but what (an be done, And the move, if il he not as great a stride as is desi rable, is, emphatically, one in the right direction. We obtain a firm tnsis upon which lo build hereafter; and thh evil which it fails at once to eradicate will be diminishing ye.tr by year. No gen ctntiou of men will t"ap3 before '- gro, free at last lo enter tlia schools, will have learned lo read. The incent ive, alike to illiltrate blacks and whiles, to make up for lost time will he power ful b-yond ny other, perhaps, that hw can crea'e. Nor, if fuch an amendment is incor porated in ihe constitutioti.ctn it be s.u J that the north seeks to impose upon" the south provisions us to suffrage which ionic northern states themselves ara un willing to adopt. Public opinion in the north will sustain it. Nor yet will there be pretence for assertion that state r'tlhis are inta.led, since the tnousurc affects valer for feder I officers only. The north luslhe power, b rntking such an amendment a condition of rs adtnisiion, to secure its adop'ion. She will evince little prudence or foresight if she sufiyrs the power to piss from her hands. As to the civil rights of the negro, if congress admit a single cx-insurgent state wiihout seeing to it that these are consiitutiontlly secured, the represent atives of the nation will bo do;ng worsa than to neglect their duty in guarantee ing p. republican form of government ; they will be making the nation accesso ry lo an outrage on civilization. To de ny the negro the right to testify in a court of justice is an act not of disfran chisement but of outlawry. States havo the right to pass laws re garding vagrants nnd paupois. But a Mate has no constitutional right to in corporate in any such laws, or in any laws whatever difining tho civil rights of free persons, a provision restricting their effect to any particular race of men. A state cannot, for example, constitu tionally enact a vagrant law that shall apply only lo citizens of Irish descent. The public desire strong that fia ternal relations should be speedily re established. This is well. Peace is a Godlike visitor. But if she comes wi'h her white robes sullied with injustice, brief will be her sojourii among us. Let not our eagerness foMranciuiliiy betray us into concessnus alike perilous and dishonorable. We are in danger of this. One of the wisest of modern wri ters on public affairs has said : 'When a nation has been wearied by long strife, il will consent lo be duped for the sake of peace.' Robibt Dale Owen. Chance fob or.o Maids. An Eng lish paper says : 'Suppose the whole population of Australia were now grown un. and wished to be married, out of eytzy 100 buchelors only 49 could find wives. Supposing all the unmarried males now of age wished to be married, out of everv Ku only 11 could find wives. Supposing all the free b.vlielois now in the colony wished to be married, out of every 100 only 0 could find wives. At present" there are in Australia 66,3 66 unmarried males, and but 26,007 unmarried females, and lo provide each son of Adam with a daughter of Eve, 40,359 of the latter must be introduced into the colony. Beautiful RiPtr A pious Scotch 1 minister being asked by a friend, during. his last illness, whoiuer lie inougiit mm self d) ing, answered: 'Really, friend. 1 care not whether 1 am or no"; for if I die I shall be with God if 1 live, He will be with me.' The Eagl as an Znblem. Among most warrior-people the eagle has been a favorite emblem. In mythol gy and history it is everywhere present. With outstretched wings and flashing eyes.it seems to dominate over the whole woi Id of fable, alwavs sacred, always venerated, even feared, for in its grasp the lightnings kindlaj Rit jrM.K osMyuTeays, it it above all as the pro tector that it appears (o protectant! to save being the privileges of power and strength, The eagle saved Helen, when the knife of the priest thirsted' for the blood of the victim ; saved Valeria Lu pera, when dragged to the altar of sac rifice. Tons strong nnd immortal, it was everywhere the enemy of dealh.and the winged symbol of that existence which is without end I Among the Persians, Mirths, or the sun-god, wishing to reveal himself in a visible torm. assumed the figure of an aa -. 'gout urus placed on the crest of bis -cni-.c , iiuu uiis itnnrje. Bcuiniurea in n,... I.t . I " z . r ttiump'iant standards The Romans adopted the eagle-symbol at an early period of their history. At first, according to Dyonisias of Hal icarnassus, they crowned it to the scep ter of their Lings; afterwards, when they had toppled down the throne, (hey made it the ornament of the ecepter of their warrior chiefs, and the only en Mgn of their legions. Un ler the Republic, the Roman ea gle was carved in wood ; then in silver, with a thunderbolt of gold in its talons. Caesar was the first who had the whole cast in gold-, but he deprived il of the thunderbolt on which it had hitherto rej.tej. 'fo marj his indefinable ac- .jvity, Rnd his constant yearning after I new C0Banesis. the Romans alw.vs ren- resented Cscsnr's eagle with outstroV-'h ed wing, as if seeking to inclose the entire world in the grasp of its shadow. Etch legion bad its golden eagle pois ed at the point of a lance. They regard ed il with the most religious veneration; they made their oath by it as by a di vinily. and the.'-e oaths were esteemed peculiarly sacred. The warrior bird pre .. ivj v.i ticicin" (jiuiecuiigcuarac- ler ; the guilty soldier, on the point of being smitten by the centurian's ax the prisoner doomed to doath.mighl ob tain life and pardon if they placed thern selve under the safegutrd of the eagle, by chipping closely the lance of the sttmlrail-heHrer. On the days of the triumph of suc cessful uenerals, the eagle wa adorned with all the garniture of victory with crowns of laurel and garlands of flowers. When a legion pitched its camp, tho ea gle w.is placed in its center ; and if it hnppei.cd that two legions camped to gether, they erected upon tho limits of tho two camps a dottblo eagle, with heads and wings opposed. If Roman nnny were defeated, the eagle was not suffered to fall into the hands of the enemy ; when the standard-bearer saw ihe route begin, he broke his lance in twain, and buried in the earth that portion which was crowned with the imperial symbol. Thi took place after the fatal bittleof lake Thras ymeno; and we owe to such a precau tion the only legendtry eagle that has been preserved to our aVia. It was found in (lerm.my, on iho land of the Count d'Eildch ; i: was bronze gilt, 3 inches in bight, ami weighs 8 lbs. It is supposed to htvo belonged to the 22d Legion, which being sorely pressed in a battle with the Allemtni. ihe egle bearer, before he took to flight, conceal ed in the earth the precious symbol in trusted to his care. Njpoleou achieved his gruul and bloody triumphs fighting his legions un der his 'victorious e.yics.'ttnd his ueph otr retains the onglo emblem. .1 r i :.i. ..". ...l. But as the symbol of the Great Re public of FbeeAmbrica the eagle bas attained its greatest celebrity, and will win and wear its crealest renown, and be crowned with its most and enduring trophies. mignificeu Some lime since an old sailor died in one of the hospitals; he having beeji in many actions an attendant observed that he thought it much better to die a nat ural death than in battle, as it affo.ded" a man lime to repent. Repent r said an old sailor, 'when a man dies in battle, he goes so quick that he cets into Heaven before the devil knows he is dead.' The most remarkable instance of in decision we ever heard of was that of the man who sal up all night, because he could not decide which lo take off first, his coat or his boots. A Good Ccstomer. A certain run away couple were recently married at Grelea Green, and ihe smith demanded five guineas for his services. How is this!' said the bridegroom. 'the gentleman yoa last married assur ed no inai ne ouiy g" guMiri. True,' said the umith, -but he was an Irishman; I have married him six times before; ho is a cuttomtryou 1 may never see again.' A punster says, 'My name is Somer set, I am a miserable bachelor. I rin not marry; for how could I hopd to prevail on a young lady, possessed of the slightest nouon oi aeiioaoy, to am a Somerset. fansuu JEcostsay. A late tourist in Germany describes the economy practised by the peasants as lollows : 'Each German has his house, his or chard, his road-side trees so laden with fruit that did he not carefully prop then up, tie them .toirether, and in mnj places hold the boughs together by wooden clamps, they would be torn asunder by Iheir own weight. He has his own corn plot, his plot for mangel wurzel or hay, for potatoes, for hemp. dec. He is his own master, and, there fore, he and his family have ihe strong est motives for exertion. In Germany nothing is lost. The produce of the trees and the cows is carried to market. Much fruit is dried-for winter ase. lou see wooden trays of plums, cherries and sliced apples lying in the sun to dry. auu arc bliiiikb us inn xou see strings of them hanging from .he windoW8 fn .,, Tbe cows are - --- - kept up tbe greater part of the year, and every green thing is collected for them. Every little nook where grass grows, by the roadside, river aad brook, is carefully cut by the sickle, and carried home on the beads of the women and children, in baskets or tied in large cloths. Nothing of the kind is lost that can possibly be made of any use. Weeds, nettles, nay, tbe very goose grass which covers the waste places, are cat up and taken for tbe cows. Yon see the little children standing inuhe streets of.the vill3ges,aBd in the streams which usually run down them, busy washing these weeds before they are given to the cattle. They carefully collect the leaves of the marsh grass, carefully cut their potato tops for them, and even, if other things fail, gather green leaves from the woodlands. Small Savings and Gbsat Losses. When Philliy II, of Spain, was put ting forth atl his power to crash the re volt in ihe Netherlands, aad tbe Duke of Parma, at (he head of a large array, was laying waste the country, he was expected soon to lay siege to Antwerp. and look prompt measures (o save the rity. He knew (hat the only hope of safety lay iu culling the dikes, and ov erflowing the country, and preventing Parma's army from coming to the siege. lie sent instructions, therefore, to Alde goude. then governor of the city, to cut the dikes without delay, and aniicipite the advance of the royal arm. But Aldegoude tlid not apprehend the imminence of the periL Many of the citizens were not quite rea-.y for such an important step. A company of butch ers pastured theit oxen on grounds that would be spoiled by the influx of the sea water, and they murmured against tbe needless severity of the Prince's decree. The city authorities and the governor yielded lo these murmurs, aud postpo ned the act till Ihe extremity should become urgent. But their delay was fainl, and the petty stving attempted cost the loss of everything. The Prince of Parma ad vanced with unexpected rapidity, and camped on the very ground which the butchers were unwilling to lose, guard ed the dikes ngnhut harm, and toon took the city. Trie property of the cit izen!! was ;oiifiChteii. aud the majority lost their lives by. the executioner or in exile. They bitterly lamented their folly when il was too late to remedy il. The citizens of L-yden, on the other hand, by a prompt stciifice, destroyed tho dikes, flooded the coun'ry, nnd s-v-ved iheir city to freedom and Protest antism. The Stolen Apple. A prisoner, who was sentenced lo be transported for house-breaking, was spoken to by a friend, relative lo his first theft- The poor fellow pointed to the mark of it se vere scar on bis left hand, ai.d said, That was done, sir, when I was a boy. I fell from an apple-tree, it. to which I had climbed for the purpose of stealing an apple. Jin apple vat.myjtnt Uujt. Beware, young reader, of ihe first step in aa evil course. A Scotch crl inquired of u gentle man, in broad Scotch, the way to Tre mont House. He desired I.r lo follow him, and asked her how long since she had arrived from Sco land Stx weeks. yer honor. On their arrival at their dosrination, she very coolly inquired, Noo, sir, wa! ye jisi tell me hoo you kenned 1 was frae Scotland?' i i a A rich petroleum worker, gaunt as a skeleton and iguonnt as a hodman, went lo an artist to have his portrait taken: Will you have it taken in oil or water colois?' inquired ihe artist. 'He, ot course,' replied he; 'itcoaies tome more natural, aud besides il makes me look fatter.' A Puzzler; A married lady latelv consulted her laweron the following question, viz: As 1 weddtd Mr. T for hi- wealth, and that walili i now spent, am I not. to all inteius and purposes, a widow, anil at liberty to m-rry again? T.yV.....g The first fan): that a to take theories for ex-4' v e West ond to consider h' c;t that of all, Leavkswoktii One of the greatest defects ia the sd acalion of children is is neglecting to accustom them to work. Il is an evil peculiar to large towns and cities. A certain amount of work is necessary (o the proper education'of children. Their futare 'inaepenu,eT'- nrl enmihrt.de-.. peads on iheir being accustomed la provid for the thousand coBstaBtly-ra curring wants (hat nature entails on them. Even if this necessity did not exist, moderate employment of some kind would preset ve them from bad habits, promote health, and enable then to bear tbe confinement of the school room, and teach (hem more titan any thing else appropriate habits respecting iheir future welfare. Il is too often tbe ease that children after school ara permitted to spend the rest of the day as they please. They do not consider that their success ia af ter life depends upoa the imprevsnest of their youthful hours. They grow up in the world without a knowledge. ofits toils and cares. They can not appre ciate the favor bestowed oa them by their parents, as they do sot know the toils thy cost. Their bodies aad niads are enervated, and they are constantly exposed to whatever vicious associalioBA are within their reach, The daughter probably becomes that pitable object, a fashionable girl. The son, if he surmounts the consequences of his parents' neglect, does it, proba bly after his plans and station for life are fixed, when a knowledge of some of its important objects comes too late. No man or woman is thoroughly educa ted if not required to labor. Whatever accomplishments they possess, whatev er their mental training in the voyage of life, (hoy require some practical4 knowledge and experience derived from accustoming themselves to useful labor, of some sort. The Iixajsj. fetters. The Orientals are strong and athletic men, capable of enduring (he greatest bM'latioije. Thr, hirtn-1 -r r 7' both MussulBsen and Armimans, have been knows to carry on their backs im mense weights, and obc of these, as o riental Hercules, bas been seen carry ing, on a wager, a load of no less thas a thousand pounds to the distance oT a quarter of a mile 1 The heavier burdens are suspended from long poles, the number ot which increases in proportion to the weight.. Aud when the contents are of glass ware, instead of being milked fragile, a fall-size representation of a bottle is painted upon the package. The ends of the poles rest on (he siiouldeis of the hamitls, sod tbey walk in a steady and measured soldier-like: step. One of them once slipped and fell, and the end of the pole striking bin oa the chest, he became senseless. His companions raised him up. while one of their number stood back to back with the injured man. and locking his arms with those of his comrade, repea'edly raised him from the ground, thus ex panding the chest UBtil he recovered his breath, when, to the astonishment of ihe bystanders, the man, after taking one or two long inspirations, smiling at the funny incident, shouldered his pole and marched on as if nothing had happened I These men live habitually on the sim plest diet, consisting of the coarsest brown bread, in the middle of which they make a cavity and fill it with equal proportions of olive oil and nolasse-. and it is really a pleasure to see with what a re'isiU they ei.joy iheir simple ma'i. Oacavan's 'Sultan ur.dht3 People. A Y'ltikire has inven rtl a ne mtI- wd 10 fifh rt. He say: L-eate yoar bed in n room much infeitid with the.-e animals.nuu on retiring put out the hghr. Then strew over our im'Iow mwm strong smelling citee'-e, ri-r-n.- or 'four red herrings, and a sptink'ing of cod fish. Keep nwak- till you find the rats at work, then stale a grab. Mr. S W. Cook, having seat the ed itor of the Lewialou Journal g"I I dol lar with a notice of his marriage (- -ry commendable custom, by the wuj.) the gratified editor wishes him and his a long and happy life, trusting that be a,,? never.find in this world Umteo rainy Cooks spoil the broth Ladies are not always sale eo ore!' Th ecleetrie fluid sseed the entire ba-ly of Miss Cornel's JeweU, carrying off a gaitor boot she were, du ring a thunder-storm ia West Wrent han. Thonch shocked aud iadigaant Miss Jewetl survives. How brightly do little joys beam up on s sonl which stands os a ground dar kened by clouds of sorrow 1 So do stsra. come forth fmm the empty sky, when we look up to them from a deep well. An unhealthy soldi-r entered a doe tor's office. He advised him t take something. The doctor mled hi horse half an hour after. -. 1. .aaMB aI.misIiis t b ! Iu. Sri W sw: to sjJI thwt.JBi:i'''"ioi.kcd and revolud from 'rintlsi . eiimiireiuin. w Nm-i1!) lMry ot Iheir latins; n 4kOWB V S, . trf jlf acquaiB.'ni.c s diudoe5.