Clay county has a Blaine township.
The population of Marysville ia 1,381.
Belle Plaine has levied an occupation
The Germans will hold a picnic at Sa
lina on July 4th.
El Dorado has voted $10,000 in bonds
to build a new school-house.
Timber cla'ms are namerously being
taken up in Meade county lately.
Geo. Potts, a colored man, was drowned
while fishing in the Kansas river at
Hon. T. C. Henry is building on his
farm near Abilene the largest barn in
"The First National Bank of Sterling"
is the name of a new establishment of
that kind at Sterling.
Geo. Scott claims be was robbed of
$200 in money and a god watch and chain
in a Leavenworth restaurant.
James Morris a colored boy of Leaven
worth, was drowned near that City while
bathing in the Missouri river.
Linn county has a "magnetic physi
cian' who is sought for by many pa
tients coming long distances.
The Cedarville Review publishes a list
each week of those who have partaken
too freely of the inebriating cup.
Barn-burning ia reported to be the
amusement of some rough characters in
the vicinity of Tecumseh, Shawnee
An artesian well was dug to the depth
of 350 feet at Smith Center, when it was
abandoned because of a failure to strike
Stephen Anderson, a colored man of
Fort Scott, murdered his wife and then
sent a bullet through his own heart. Do
mestic troubles the cause.
Lewis Heidman, was drowned in the
Cottonwood river, near Emporia while
bathing. He was aged fifteen years, and
was one of a family of twelve.
Arrangements have been completed
for the building of a new grain elevator
at Jewell City, on the Central Branch,
with a capacity of 30,000 bushels.
The city government of Columbus do
nated $100 for the entertainment of the
Editorial Association of the Neosho Val
ley, which convened in that city recently.
The graduates at the State University
at Lawrence numbered 25: at the State
Normal School of Emporia, 21, and at
the State Agricultural College of Manhat
Considerable complaint is made by the
railroad men of Atchison because ot the
reckless manner in which children con
duct themselves in the railroad yards at
A Bon of a colored man named Phil
Edwards, was drowned in the Missouri
river at Atchison, while bathing. What
is supposed to have been his body has
Hon. A. J. Slover, a prominent citizen,
a resident of Troy since 1857 and a mem
ber of the Kansas Legislature Irom that
county in 1S78, died suddenly at his res
idence in Wathena.
Judge Bayne died at "Wichita a short
time ago oi heart disease. lie was a
prominent citizen of the State, and had
been working for some time past for the
extension of the 1 ort Scctt road to An
Milton C. Dickey, who assisted in lay
ing out and who was one of the original
incorporators of the city of Topeka, is
dead. It was just recently that the house
in which he resided, built in 1855, was
A man named Matthew Malone was
crushed to death by an engine at the
Fort Scott & Wichita railroad depot, at
Wichita. No information as to his home
or people could be learned as his death
occurred so suddenly.
In the four years from 1S76 to the end
of 1880, the aggregate of sales of land by
the Union Pacific in Kansas, was 482,588
acres. In the sirjgle . year of 1883 and
the first five months of 1SS4, the sales
aggregated 4S7,492 acres.
A colored man made a brutal assault
with devilish intent, upon three young
girls, one white and two colored, in
Leavenworth, a few days ago. Their
screams frightened him away before he
accomplished his purpose.
A half-witted boy, named John Cody,
aged 24, made an assault upon his moth
er at Tecumseh, Shawnee county, with a
hoe, striking her just above the ear and
knocking her insensible. The wound, it
is feared, will result fatally.
Mr. Barnes, of Clay Center, who re
centlv had the misfortune to lose his
flouring mill, will rebuild at once. He
lost nearly every dollar he was worth by
tha fire? but he seems to be full of cour
age. Citizens have offered to loan him
The Lebo Ligld publishes a petition of
the citizens of Lebo to the District J udge
of that judicial district, praying to be in
corporated as a city of the third class.
Altough only about a year old, Lebo
claims a population of 350, and is a grow
A company has been organized at Fort
Scott for the'purpose of finding a deposit
of natural gas which it isbelieved under
lies that city. A sharp lookout will also
be kept for coal veins, etc., etc They
intend to delve to a depth of one thou
Jacob Keller, a resident of Leaven
worth, fell from the second story of the
Commercial Hotel of that city, fifteen
feet, striking a stone pavement receiv
ing injuries from which he died. He
was in a state of partial intoxication at
The Scandia Journal says that old man
Jacobs, who kept a hotel at White Eock
years ago, and who recently left the
State, is accused by his daughter Kate, of
having killed a traveler twelve years
ago, and also with having killed his son
to prevent exposore.
Children were playing on the railroad
track at Hutchinson, and the express
train came within six feet of them be
fore they or the engineer were aware of
the fact. The air-brakea were applied
and the train stopped. Had it not Deen
for that three mothers would now be
An accident occurred on the Santa Fe
line at Osage City, the causa being an
open switch, and the train wrecked, a
through freight. The engine was com
pletely demolished and several frieght
cars were somewhat damaged. No lives
were lost, but man named Gabriel Lan
der, aged 76, was severely injured.
Eecently, the farm of Chas. Azier.
north of Senaca was destroyed by fire.
Five horses, a car load of flooring lumber
and all the corn and oats the barji con
tained, together with the farming imple
ments, etc., were burned with the barn.
It is thought that the firewas started by
hired men, who were smoking in the
barn. Loss $3,000.
Columbus Star: Willie Dunn, a boy
twelve years of age, was killed last Tues
day by a heavy farm roller. He was
driving the team, when the horses be
came frightened and jerked him in front
of the roller. He arose and walked a
few steps and fell. He was carried to
the house and died in a short time. His
parents live about four miles south of
Smith Center Bulletin: Quite a heavy
hail storm passed over a portion of Beav
er township a few davs ago. Thos. John
son reports at this office that the storm
destroyed completely for him 20 acres of
as fine rye as he ever saw. Says the rye
stood seven feet high, and would have
been ripe in two weeks more. The
storm came in the night, and its force
is known only by the amount of damage
Union : Jack Blaine, a brother to the
Plumed Knight, spent several weeks in
Junction City about eighteen years ago
with a view of starting a grocery store.
He was a guest of Capt. McClure's.
Archie Austin graduated from Yale in
the same class, 1876, with Walker Blaine,
a son of the coming President. In the
same class was a son of Senator. Dawes.
We will keep Junction City as near the
band as possible.
L. B. Burris, a railroad conductor of
Wichita, was murdered at that place, be
ing shot through the head by a 38 cali
ber revolver. It seems the murdered
man had had some trouble with one,
Bradley, in relation to a woman, and
Bradley had frequently threatened to
shoot him. Bradley was arrested but
told a very straight story. He was for
merly of Iowa, and edited a newspaper
at Lamar that State.
The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe has
issued the following : " Notice is hereby
given that after the first day of July,
1884, all garnishments seeking to subject
the wages of this employes of this com
pany will be resisted by all legal meth
ods, and to this end all employes affected
by such proceedings will be expected to
avail themselves of the exemption laws
of the State or Territory where such gar
nishments shall be commenced."
Jewell City Republican: Last Saturday,
John Kinkead of this township, exhibit
ed one of those old specimens of animal
deformity which we read about. It was
a dead pig, or rather two pigs, grown to
gether much as trees or two vegetables
sometimes interlock and become one.
The animal had eight legs and two tails.
The one head was ornamented, besides
the regular organs, with an eye and an
extra pair of ears on the top, very close
together. Dr. Hughes has the phenom
enon in alcohol.
Winfield Courier: One of those sudden
and terrible deaths which human . flesh,
in the mysterious rulings of a divine
providence is occasionally made to suffer,
overtook Mr. Abram Darnell, of Wind
sor township. He accompanied his little
boy to the pasture to water a bull which
they kept lariated, when the animal at
tacked Mr. Darnell, throwing him to the
ground, and before assistance could be
summoned gored him in a frightful man
ner, causing death in a few hours. He
was a highly estemed citizen, about
fifty-five years of age and leaves a
GRAND ARMI GLEANINGS.
Particulars Pertaining to the Posts.
Fulton Post No. 327 is the name of a
new Post at Rossville, Shawnee county.
Col. Allen Buckner has been engaged
by Vicksburg Post No. 72, of Humboldt,
for a lecture.
Four hundred dollars was netted by an
entertainment given at Hiawatha by the
Post at that place recently.
Col. Millard, Junior, Vice Commander
of the G. A." R. of Kansas, has organized
a Post at Cheney, Sedgwick county.
The Post of Humboldt has been invi
ted to participate in the Fourth of July
celebration at Parsons by the Post at that
The Post at Parsons are preparing to
give an entertainment at the Opera
House in that city on the evening of Ju
An invitation has been extended to
Ancient OrdeV of Hibernians to partici
pate with the Gen. Rice Post No. 71, G.
A. R., in the celebration of the Fourth of
July next at Topeka.
Columbus Star : Judge Nichols has re
ceived a commission and an appointment
as aid-de-camp on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief
of the National En
campment of the G. A. R.
All old soldiers of Vicksburg Post, No.
12, of Humboldt, are requested to give
in a report of their military services so
that a record of their services may be
complied for use of the Pension Office at
Washington, D. C.
Department Commander H. W. Pond
of Ft. Scott ha3 issued the new roster of
the Department for 1884. This shows
32S Posts in Kansas, and one in the In
dian Territory which is under the jurisdiction-of
the Department of Kansas.
The local committee of Chicago pas
senger agents of eastward bound roads
have agreed to sell tickets to Chicago
during the Grand Army re-union at
Minneapolis, Minn., commencing July
23d, at one fare for the round trip to
members of the organization and their
Lamed Clironoscope: Gen. H. W.Pond,
Dep't Com.G. A. R from Ft. Scott, in
spected B.F. Larned, Post No. 8, and pro
nounced it one of the best disciplined
Posts in the State. After closing exercises
a committee was appointed to invite
the Sons of Veterans who, on their ar
rival, were addressed by the Dept. Com
mander in glowing and patriotic lan
guage, after which short speeches were
made by some of the comrades, and sons
rendered by S. E. Payne, the Post join
ing in the chorus. An enthusiastic time
was had, and the Dept. Commander
made friend3 of all. On closing, three
hearty cheers were given him, and the
hope expressed that he would soon visit
the Post again.
Junction City Union: General Augur
has constituted a new military district,
to be known as the. District of Oklaho
ma, of that portion of the Indian Terri
tory located between the Cimarron river
and the southern boundary of Kansas,
and west of the 96th meridian, including
Fort Reno. Col. Edward Hatch, Ninth
Cavalry, has been assigned to the com
mand, and is to locate his headquarters
at such point within the district as he
may designate. In addition to the troops
already in the district, two troops of the
Ninth Cavalry from Fort Riley, Kansas,
one from Fort Elliot, Texas, one from
Fort Supply, Indian Territory,. General
Hatch is also authorized to call for addi
tional troops from Forts Elliot, Sill and
Supply. It is expected that this move
will effectually settle the vexed Oklaho
Cheney Journal: W. H. Rankin Post
No. 325, G. A. R., ha3 organized. Hon.
H. L. Millard was the mustering General.
Twenty-four names were upon the char
ter. This is a good beginning, but the
prospect is that the number will soon be
doubled. The following are the officers:
W. A. Thomas, Post Commander ; E. J.
Lovejoy, Senior Vice Commander ; W. C.
Osgood, Junior Vice Commander; A. B.
Fraser, Quartermaster; C. E. Burrows,
Adjutant; Frank E. Sammis, Chaplain;
W. F. Tibbetts, Officer of the Day; A. R.
Fraser, Officer of the Guard ; Sam'l Jack,
Serg't Major; J. A. Tubbs, 'Master Ser
geant. The meetings will be held on the
first and third Saturdays of each month.
The name of the Post, in accordance
with the custom of the G. A. R., is after
some dead soldier. W. H. Rankin was
the only one who is buried here, and the
Post very appropriately took his name.
Various Tilings Concerning Them.
A woman has been arrested at Fort
Scott for violating the prohibitory law.
Mrs. Dr. Garwood, who formerly lived
in Ft. Scott, is now a practicing physician
in Boston and devotes a portion of her
time to hospital practice.
Mrs. Julia Moys committed suicide at
Americus by hanging herself to a rafter
from her kitchen. Ill health and do
mestic trouble the cause.
White Cloud Review: Miss Lizzie Brad
ley, after going without food for 31 days,
has begun to take nourishment, and will
is all probability soon be up and around
Recently the Coroner of McPherson
was called" to the western part of that
county, to hold an inquest over the body
of a young woman by the name of
Amanda Zook, who had been found dead
lying on a heap of coal in the door yard
of the house where she had been em
ployed as servant and housemaid. An
inquest was held, and the verdict of the
jury was that she had died from an at
tempted abortion. She has recently
come to that county and her history is
One of the most brutal cases of wife
beating that has ever been chronicled
occurred recently in Smith county. Pa
trick Berry and his wife were speaking
with some neighbors, when a little dis
pute arose between them and the hus
band struck his wife, intentionally with
a 2x4 scantling, felling her to the floor.
She remained unconcious, with blood
oozing from mouth, ears and nose, for
some time. After lingering awhile in a
semi-conscious state she died. The bru
tal husband has been arrested and there
is a probability of his being lynched.
Recently Mr. and Mrs. Larkin, resid
ing near Fort Scott, went to church
leaving their two youngest daughters,
aged respectively three and ten years, at
home alone during their absence. While
their parents were at church the chil
dren attempted to kindle a fire with coal
oil, using the can to pour the oil upon
the fire, when the oil in the can ignited
and a terrible explosion was the result.
Neighbors near by saw the breaking out
of the fire and made haste to the rescue,
but before the children could be rescued
one of them had been burned to death,
and the other lived only about an hour
after being taken out. There was no
damage to the house, which was built of
stone, further than the burning and dam
aging of the furniture.
Parsons Eclipse: Guindola Inch, four-year-old
daughter of I. M. Inch, baggage
man on the Missouri Pacific, was shot in
the mouth while standing near the door
of the family residence. The bullet en
tered at one side of the mouth, knocking
out several teeth, mutilating the tongue
and other parts of the mouth in a shock
ing manner. It is feared the wound will
Erove fatal. Report says this was done
y a boy named Thompson and a man
who run a shooting gallery on Forest
Avenue, who were out there practicing
target shooting, and firing right in the
direction of Mr. Inch's house. This
would seem to be a very singular pro
ceeding, and a homicide caused in this
way cannot be considered accidental at
all, for they had a right to expect the
result which followed the act.
Wichita Eagle : One of the most pitia
ble, and at the same time revolting
sights that has been our misfortune to
look upon, can now be seen only a few
rods southeast of the Santa Fe freight
depot in this city. It is a young woman
wrecked in mind andbody, who now lies
alone and neglected on a bunch of dirty
rags out upon the open common with
nothing to protect her from the heated
rays of the sun or chilly blast of even
ing but an old piece of canvass carelessly
thrown across some poles, thus affording
her but slight protection from the ele
ments. She gives her name as Delia
Smith. Says she ia nineteen years old,
and was born in Fayette county, Hlinois,
and is of Christian parantage. Like
many other young women, she years ago
fell a victim to the tempter and is to-day
reaping the reward that is always sure
to follow a life of shame. Preachers may
preach and moral izers may write of the
great social evil, but were the minister
possessed of the eloquence of a Demos
thenes and the moralizer write in burn
ing words of fire, it would all fall tame
and insipid before this startling, living
illustration of what is in store and must
surely be the portion of her who gives
her life to shame. This young woman is -no
doubt the child of respected Chris
tian parents, whom she claims are dead ;
but she says she has a married sister liv
ing near Arkansas City, but positively re
fuses to divulge her name.
In southern and. middle England
thirty thousand women Eteer canal
Points and Items About Kansas Stock.
The Osage County Stock Growers' As
sociation has been in session. They have
decided to hold a Farmers' Institute.
Considerable alarm is exhibited in the
neighborhood of Wichita over the report
that a number of animals were affected
Wa-Keeney World; A 36 pound fleece
of wool is what T. C. Ross, of the Down
er region, reports as being sheared from
one of his sheep.
State Veterinarian Holcombe has been
investing the stock which had been bit
ten by mad dogs in the vicinity of Em
poria. One farmer reports the loss of six
Cowley county has 11,671 head of
horses and mules; 32,905 head of cattle;
96,000 head of sheep; 70,559 head of hogs
and a wool clip in the last year of, at 15
cents per pound, $45,353.
Fredoni Citizen: Mr. Dart, living one
half mile north of town, claims to have
the two. oldest horses in the county, if
not in the State. One is a horse thirty
six years of age and the other is a mare
thirty years of age.
Wamego Reporter : Sam Jones, of La
Clede, recentlv sold 18 head of yearling
calves for $708.30, or an average of $37.25
a head. They had been corn fed and
were sold for beef. If anyone can beat
that, let him show up.
Minneapolis Messenger: J. W. Mc
Laren, near Sumnerville, this county,
purchased four thoroughbred Poland
China pigs from Miller Bros.' celebrated
herd of Junction City, Kans. All are re
corded in the Ohio Record.
Centralia Enterprise: Mr. Dave Arm
stong. one of our prominent farmers, has
within a year fattened and sold over $18,
000 worth of cattle and hogs. He finds
that the best way to market corn it to
feed it to stock and concentrate its weight
Wichita Beacon: Ben Forrest, of Erie,
shipped three cars of cattle and one of
hogs last week to Kansas City. Cattle
averaged 1,400 pounds and sold for $6.00
per hundred weight. Hogs brought him
$4.95 cents. Mr. Forrest has three hun
dred acres of wheat which looks very
Manhattan Republic: Sunday morning
a bolt of lightning killed the fine family
horse belonging to Rev. W. Friend. It
was a bad loss, but Judge Pipher went
out among the people and very soon
raised one hundred and fifty dollars to
replace it, which was just the proper
thing to do.
Halstead Independent : Floyd Morris,
of this township, has a thoroughbred
Shorthorn purchased in Illinois within
the last year that is certainly .very fine.
Mr. Morris now has eight head of thor
oughbred Shorthorns which will com
pare with any other herd of its size in
this part ol the State.
Osage County Chronicle: Mr. E. K.
Terry brought some good hogs to market
this week, which he sold to'Finch & Co.
Four Poland China and Essex of the lot,
eleven months old, weighed 1,620 pounds,
an ayerage of 405 each, and one Poland
China and Berkshire, two years old,
weighed 560 pounds.
Sidney Cowboy: Stockmen whose cat
tle have run loose on the range, now size
up their losses at a less figure than they
did a while ago. Five per cent, will
cover the losses among acclimated range
cattle. The losses among the cattle
brought in last year will vary from five
to thirty per cent., according to circum
stances. Seneca Tribune: About two weeks ago
Fred Parli, on Johnson Creek, sold to
Chas. Azier, of Seneca, forty-six haad of
three-year old fat cattle for about $75 per
head. Last week he sold 37 head more
for the same price, to H. L. Aikins, of this
city, who shipped to Chicago last Mon
day morning from Axtell, Kans. It pays
to raise cattle in this country, and Mr.
Parli in this transaction can give good
proof of the same.
Clay Center Dispatch: Cam. Stewart,
of the county poor farm, sold nine head
of hogs last Monday to W. S. Broughton
for $5.90 per cwt. The hogs were ten
months old and averaged 375 pounds
each. Of course the contract price was
agreed on last April when pork ruled
high. Mr. Broughton lost only $60 by
the little deal, but being a man of honor,
of course stood by a bad bargain.
Larned Optic: Mr. G. W. Prescott's
thoroughbred Hereford bull "Lord Fos
ter died a few days ago of blackleg.
"Lord Foster" was bred by Tom Foster,
of Michigan, and was valued at $2,000.
He was of the celebrated "Lord Wilton"
breed and was one of the best bred bulls
in the world. He was purchased by Mr.
Prescott in March and shipped here
about the 1st of April, and was much ad
mired by all cattle men.
Larned Clironoscope: Messrs. Herbst,
Cooper & Co., of Abiline, Kan., have
boueht and fenced in 7,000 acres of land
in Edwards county, and Wednesday
evening received at this place some 500
head of Shorthorns and Herefords, and
about 200 calves. They intend to invest
in Galloway stock also. These gentle
men in fencing, have put gates every
mile so that parties who wish to cross
the country'will have no trouble in go
ing round, but can go directly through
the " big pasture."
Medicine Lodge Cresset: The Cherokee
Strip Live Stock Association and the
Barber County Stock Growers' Associa
tion have had bills printed containing a
warning to southern cattle drovers to
keep on the trail and quarantine grounds
and not infringe on the rights of local
stock men. To be forewarned is to
be fore-armed, and the drover who
knowingly and intentionally intrudes on
the rights of the man who is holding
wintered or domestic stock should, and
undoubtedly will, be made to suffer
the full penalty of the law if nothing
Recently Hon. T. J. Gilligan got on
the train at Watson, Indiana, to go to
Louisville, Kentucky. It chanced that
Mr.Gilligan did not have any small
change with him, and when the con
ductor came around he presented a $20
bill in payment for his fare. The con
ductor refused to make the change, and
told Mr. Gilligan that he would have to
put up the money or get off the train.
Accordingly the train was stopped and
Mr. Gilligan was put off. The gentle
man will now bring suit against the O. &
M. Company for damages.
Lake Scugog, Ont, hasbeen set apart
for th8 propagation of fish.
STENOGRAPHY AT "WASHINGTON.
Snortnand. Writing and Writers at the Na
. tional Capital.
Shorthand writing is fast becoming one
of theleading'professions of Washington,
writes a correspondent of the Cleveland
Leader. In the days of Andrew Jackson
hardly a public man possessed the luxu
ry of a private, secretary, to say nothing
of a shorthand amenuensis. Now there
is scarcely a man in public life of any
prominence who has not a phonographic
secretary accompanying him on all occa
sions Senators Seward and Sumner were
among the first to bring shorthand to
their aid in their work. This was early
in the fifties. Since that time the prac
tice has grown like Jonah's gourd, and
now all of the leading lawyers and busi
ness men, together with nearly every
head of a department of bureau, dictates
his letters, speeches, and arguments.
Shorthand writers in Washington are di
vided into two classes those who do lo
cal or outside work and those connected
with the Government. The local report
ers are employed in the Courts in taking
testimony in trials, those who act as
amanuenses. The Court reporters are
paid from 25 to 35 cents a folio, and in
cases where there is a great deal of tes
timony, such as the .star-route trial, for
instance, they make a great deal of mon
ey. I am not sure, but my remem
brance is that the star-route trials paid
their reporters over $20,000 for the job.
The leading law reporters have offices
here, and the business seems to be as le
gitimate and prominent as that of the
It costs $245,000 to print TJie Congress
ional Record, and this does not include
the $50,000 paid for the official reporting
of Congress. Twenty-five thousand dol
lars is allowed for the reporting of the
debates of each House. In the Senate
the contract is given to one man, Mr.
Dennis Murphy, who employs a certain
number of assistants to help him, and in
the House five Official Stenographers are
employed at a salary of $5,000 each.
The reporters of the House sit at a
long, low table below the Speaker's desk,
facing the members. They use foolscap
paper, and write with both pen and pen
cil. They take turns in reporting the
proceedings. One man will write for an
hour, say. and then go off to a little room
in the basement' of the Capitol, where
the matter is to be written out in long
hand, and another man will take his
place. These reporters must be very ex
pert, and must be able to take two hun
dred or more words a minute. During
an excited debate speeches are delivered
even faster than this, and in animated
colloquies they have to leave their tables
and stand or sit among the members
speaking, in order that nothing may be
missed. Sometimes it happens that cer
tain passages occurring in debate are left
out, but this is oftener due to the desires
of the spe2kers than to the negligence
or inefficiency of the reporters.
These official reporters do not write the
notes out into longhand themselves. In
the transcribing room in the basement
they have a number of shorthand aman
uenses, and to these they read their
notes. These transcribers, whose salaries
range perhaps from $15 to $25 per week,
take down the notes in their shorthand
and then write them out in longhand
for the printers. So, you see, a Congress
man's speech is written out twice in
in shorthand and once in longhand be
fore it goes Jo the press. The notes as
written out are carefully revised by the
official reporter before being sent to the
printers. All of the proceedings and
speeches of Congress to-day will be given
in full in The Congressional Record of to
morrow morning, and when it is consid
ered that this record often embraces
more than one hundred pages as large
as the pages of the biggest family bible,
closely, printed in two columns of small
type, some idea can be gained of the im
mense work it represents.
The Senate reporting is done in the
same manner as that of the House as far
as the work is concerned, and it is a cu
rious fact that Dennis F. Murphy, the
chief of the reporters here, and Mr. Mc
Elhone, the chief of the reporters of the
House, were in the same stenographic
class at Philadelphi in 1848. Mr. Den
nis Murphy is one of the best reporters
in the United States, and since 1873 he
has made the contract for reporting the
debates of the Senate. He does much
of the reporting here himself, but he has
four very able assistants namely, Messrs.
Shuey, Gensler, Roswell,and hisbrother,
E. V. Murphy. All of these men have
been connected with the Senate as re
porters for a long time. Dennis Murphy
commenced his congressional reporting
in 1848, and E. V. Murphy has reported
Senators Hall, Seward, Ben Wade, Judah
P. Benjamin, Jeff Davis, Bob Tombs, and
Andrew Johnson. His brother, the
chief, has taken notes of and known inti
mately all of the men from the days of
Ualhoun, Webster, and Clay, even until
At the present Mr. Murphy revises all
of the manuscript before it goes to the
printers. He takes notes for an hour
an then hands them over to his brother,
E. V. Murphy, who reads them off to
other stenographers, who rewrite them
for the press. This revising of the man
uscript often runs his work far into the
night, and his position, though a profit
able one, is no sinecure.
Mr. Murphy was born in Cork, and
commenced reporting for the Senate
when he was only 14 vears old. Some
of his first work was tne reporting of the
Whig national convention of 1848, and
two years fallowing he came to Washing
ton to help Mr. Sutton on the proceed
ings of the Senate. This was in 1850,
and from that time to the present he has
been continually taking down the
speeches of the Senators in shorthand.
For nineteen years, he was Mr. Sutton's
second, and since 1869 he has been chief
of the benate reporters. He has report
ed also many conventions, and he was a
prominent shorthand man in the trials
of the assassins of President Lincoln.
There is no man in Washington who has
a better fund of reminiscences of the
great men of the past thirty years; and
he is one of the pleasantest conversation
alists in Washington. He told me yes
terday he thought the men of to-day
speak faster than did those of the time
of Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun.
"Webster," said he, "was a very slow
talker, and he would not average over
100 words a minute. Henry Clay spoke
much faster, rolling out about 150 words
to a minute. Calhoun was also slow un
til he became roused up with the enthu
siasm of his subject, when hi3 words
would flow more rapidly. The present
average of speaking in the United States
Senate, is about 150 words per minute,
though there are several speakers who
utter, over 200. Among the fastest speak
ers at present are Senatora Beck, Haw
ley, Plumb and Morgan. Beck leads the
list. Senator George, of Mississippi, is
perhaps the slowest.
"1 suppose, Mr. Murphy," said I, "there
is considerable difference in the ac
tion of the Senators regarding their
"les, indeed," wa3 the reply. "Some
are very careful about their revision,
and others pay no attention to them af
ter they are once spoken. Senator Ed
munds never revises a speech, but some'
of the other Senators look the manuscript
over carefully before it goes to press.
One of the finest speakers I ever heard
was Judah P. Benjamin. He was a short,
fat brunette, and most graceful in his
gestures. His face shone aa he spoke;
his words rolled out in silvery tones.
Jeff. Davis was also a fine " speaker,
abounding in classic illusions. One night
I heard John Bell, of Tennessee, make a
speech, when the President of the Sen
ate, himself and I were the only ones in
the chamber. It was a long night session
and all the rest of the Senators were
loafing either in the cloak-rooms or in
the restaurant Bell, nevertheless, roared
out his speech with all the eloquence
and earnestness of a revivalist preacher.
The perspiration rolled down his face;
he tore of his collar and preached away
as though fifty thousand people were
listening to him. Yes, there have been
many funny speeches here, but that was
one of the funniest. One of the fastest
speakers of the Senate was Mr. Sargent,
our late Minister to Berlin. He could
speak for two hours,- averaging two
hundred words a minute. There was a"
debate here some years ago on the Dis
trict of Columbia bonds which lasted
about-four hours, and which by actual
calculation averaged between 190 and
200 words a minute.
The first congressional reporter was
Joseph Gales, the father of the Gales &
Seaton who for a long time edited Th
National Intelligencer in Washington, and
reported in it the debates of Congress.
Gales was an Fnglishman, and was
forced to flee that country for the too
free expression of revolutionary senti
ments in 1792. On his long passage over
the Atlantic he studied shorthand, and
when he got to Philadelphia he obtained
employment as a reporter of Congress
for one of the Philadelphia papers. His
reports were so full that thev seemed
How to Make a few Stands of Bees Supply
tne Eamlly Trade.
The following is from a practical bee
keeper J. D. Rusk. We copy from Ore
gon "City Enterprise. Procure some mov
able frame hives and be sure you pick out
the kind of hive you like to handle one
that is convenient to manipulate your
bees in during swarming time, to pre
pare your frames for transferring, make
some splints to go crosswise of the frame
and with one-inch wire nails, tack two
on one side and one on- the other, two on
the opposite side. Tools to transfer with
will amount to about these: One smoker,
a hammer, one or more pans, one bucket
of water to keep your hands clean, some
rottfen hard wood to burn in smoker,
one cold-chisel to cut the nails in the
old hive, or an old hatchet will answer.
Now, as this lesson is to the
novice, I would say, put on a bee veil
and a pair of rubber gloves. Place your
boards or bench by the bees, set your
hive on one end of the bench, the one
next to the bees. Now smoke the bees,
but not too much, or you will smother
them. Let them have time to fill them
selves with honey, then pick up the hive
and lay its side on the bench open to the
new hive. If you have a board long
enough, lay a sack or two on it, lay the
combs on, as you take them out brush off
the adhering bees into the new hive with
a feather duster or whisk broom. Cut
the combs so as to fit snugly in your
clamp frames. Place your two movable
cleats or splints and tack fast the two
ends and hang it in the hive. By the
time you can get two or three combs in,
the bees will begin to cluster. Keep a
good lookout for the queen that she does
not get mashed between the combs, or
fall on the ground and get tramped upon
and killed. If the combs are straight you
may get enough combs to fill one body of
your hive, ana if you get more, put in the
upper story of your hive and fill out with
foundation. Keep them well supplied
with foundation, as this is a great help to
them in making honey. I prefer using
the full size sheets of foundation to fill
the frames to within one-half inch of the
end and bottom bars. Then your combs
are true and easy to handle, either large
or small. When the bees have mended
the transfer comb you may take the
splints off. Bees cared for in this way
will usually give two or three times as
much comb or extracted honey as they
will in the old way of handling them. I
have taken honey to the amount of several
dollars' worth, from a few stands kept in
this way, which required but little more
labor to produce than does an empty box
in the old way. You will work diligent
ly to care for cows and horses, sheep and
hogs, while the bees are not given a
chance to take care of the delicious sweets
of nature that go to waste about your
premises year after year.
Some Bis Pictures.
There is on exhibition in Chicago a
heroic picture of the "Battle of Gettys
burg." It is shown in a circular struct
ure, and so poised that it gives to the be
holder the impression that he is viewing
a real battle-field. It has drawn, night
after night, through almost an entire
year, great crowds, and has netted to
the purchasers of the picture very large
dividends. Another amphitheatre of
iron and brick four hundred feet in cir
cumference has risen in its near vicinity,
and in it is to be exhibited "The Siege
of Paris." The canvas is 47 feet high
and 378 long, and weighs over seven
tons. The scene depicted is the last sor
tie from besieged Paris, and is supposed
to be viewed by the spectator from the
Heights of Montretout. It is the work
of Phillipoteaux, Sr., father of the paint
er of the "Battle of Gettysburg."
Munkaecy's picture of the Crucifixion
painted for the collector Sedelmeyer is
so big that it required many horses and
men to transport it from the painter's
studio to the gallery, which had to be
enlarged in order to receive it. Christ
and the two thieves are on the extreme
right and somewhat back; the fore
ground contains a large crowd of people.
A ray of light from the cloud3 touches
the head of Christ, the Virgin kisses his
feet, and Mary Magdalen, Martha and
St. John of Arimathea are about her in
attitudes of distress. The executioner,
holding his hammer, leans on the ladder.
A Roman horseman turns in hi3 saddle
to look at Christ. An old man with
white beard listens tremblingly to a
young man who argues as they leave the
scene. Another young man stands en
tranced and looks upward to catch the
words of the dying Savior.
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