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Published by WIIXIA1I mS3TTT.fi. PHILLIPSBURQ, KANSAS. TnK pair of famous guns called "The Twin Bisters," celebrated for the part they took in the liberation of Texas, are now supposed to be buried on the site of an engine house at Galveston. There will be a movement made to restore them and place them in the Alamo. John Nesbit, a one-armed student in Yale Business College, recently lost his remaining arm by an accident at the Branford,Conn., lock-works. He brought Eiiit, the other day, against the proprie tors of the works for $15,000 damages, but was awarded only $10,000 by the eympathiziner jury. Albert Klil, of Brooklyn, N. Y., at tempted to repair his fence recently and Mrs. Mary "Wise, old lady of seventy, ob jected. Keil, however, continued work and Mrs. Wiee beat him over the head with a cane, her son preventing him from making any resistance by covering him with a revolver. Mb. Henry Case, of Oil City, Pa., who recently moved there, has just complet ed the smallest locomotive ever made, it being but eight inches long and weigh ing but a pound and a half. The small est locomotive heretofore made was the one exhibited at the Centennial, which was twelve inches in length. The remains of D. F. C. Melville, ac compan'ed by his wife, his brother, Wil liam B. Melville, and Undertaker D. H. Shuler, arrived at Washington, Pa., re cently from Philadelphia, and were taken immediately to the crematory. This is the fourth incineration in the Le Moyne crematory in the last two weeks. Six thousaLd head of tattle stamped ed below Cotulla, Tex., on the Nueces river recently. The animals had been five days without water, and when they came in sight of the river, so maddened were they by thirst that in their frantic endeavors to reach the water hundreds were killed or maimed. Altogether two thousand are missing. Some time ago a body was found in the canal at Syracuse, N. Y., and sold to the Syracuse College of Medicine by the undertaker, no one identifying or claim ing it. A rumor is now being circulated that the skin has been tanned and a pair of slippers made of it for the use of a person attached to the college. In 1849 Judge Hundley had a fine rifle made to use in crossing the plains to Cal ifornia. Two years later, while mining in Plumas county, Nev., the rifle was stolen. In 1875, twenty-three years from the time the gun was stolen, a French man showed him the rifle with his name partly filed off. Mr. Hundley bought the gun at once and kept it until this week, when he se.nt it to his Bon Willie, who is at Oakland. Cal. Among the novelties which Mobile will exhibit at New Orleans are the fol lowing articles, which have historical in terest : A dress vest and slipper of George Washington, also a chair used by the father of his country, and a cup and two silver ppoons bearing the initials 4'G. W." and "Martha," his wife. Another item is a watch which was presented to Oliver Cromwell at the time he became Lord Protector of England. One of the letter carriers of Montgom ery, Ala., a few days ago delivered at the residence of Major Emmet Seibles a let ter addressed to his deceased brother, Col. J. J. Seibles. The letter was from South Carolina, and was written and postmarked in the year 1850. Col. J. J. Seibles died in the year 1865. Where this letter has been during all thes years since it was mailed, is a mystery Major Seibles is unable to account for. The postmaster at Harper's Ferry a short time ago received a letter from a party in Georgia, asking to be referred to some one well acquainted in the neighborhood. This was done, and a few days Bince the man whose name was given received a letter from the Georgia man offering $500 if he would locate a tree with a cross on it and an Indian dart driven into the tree. Now, what does it mean ? Nobody seems to be able to form a conjecture even. At a recent auction sale in Washing ton of the effects of a colored woman, who was for years the housekeeper for Thaddeus Stevens, a snuff-box, presented to the great commoner by the Territory of Colorado, was purchased by Mr. Thos. Donaldson for $31. The box bears the following inscription: "To Hon. Thad deus Stevens from Colorado Territory, through H. P. Bennett, delegate. When Old Thad takes snuff Colorado will sneeze. Pike Peak's gold." The panther which created so much consternation in the neighborhood, of Norwich, Conn., a few days ago, has made its way into Madison county. New York. The people of Morrisville are greatly disturbed over rumors that the panther has taken up its quarters in the swamp about two miles north of the vil lage, and ha3 already killed a number of sheep and attacked the cattle of "several of the farmers. NEWS SUMMARY. MISCELLANEOUS. The Beloit Paper .Pail company, at Beloit, Wis., was burned. The Michigan Central freight house at Chicago has been burned ; loss, $20,000. Over production caused the closing of the Ashland ironworks at Baltimore. Wm. T. Kailey, postmaster at Camden, N. J., was arrested on a charge of embezzle ment. Manitoba, with a vastly increased acreage of wheat, estimates the yield at 9,500,600 bushels. About seven hundred bricklayers and a thousand laborers are on a strike in New York City. The miners strike at Columbus, 0, con tinues ; the police of Pinkerton's force are being trie i. Well-borers at Wabasb, Indiana, devel oped a gas vein which bids fair to illumi nate the city. Prof. E. E. Barnard of Nashville is alleg ed to have discovered a new comet ap proaching the earth. Texas shows an increase of $60,000,000 in the value of her assessable property this year over last. An epidemic at Springfield, Mo., among the milch cows, is thought to be Spanish fe ver. A number suddenly died. Hailstones as big as hens' eggs fell at Claremont, N. H., and at the end ot the storm were piled up two feet high. The first message on the Bennett-Mackay cable was received by J. W. Mackay, from his children Clara and Willie in Paris. The State department will issue a report on the condition of labor in all countries, together with wages, cost of living, etc. The special crop repoits in the Chicago Times show that the harvest is to be a boun tiful one in all sections of the northwest. At the Lake Bluff camp meeting, recent ly, Revivalist Harrison brought one hun dred persons to the altar in search of salva tion. Artesian well-borers at West Point, Miss issippi, iound a huge poplar tree, in a per fect state of preservation, 550 feet below the surface. The new pumps for the West Division water works at Chicago, which cost$257,000, were formally turned over to the city. They have a capacity of thirty million gallons per day. A gentleman from Philadelphia . has shown the secret service officers iu Chicago a $20 Treasury note made wholly with a pen, its execution being so complete as to deceive a keen expert. Fires at Dayton, Ohio, destroyed the hay rake works ot John Dodd and other prop erty valued at $75,000. The saw factory of kmerson, Smith & Co., at .weaver .b alls, Jfa., worth $20,000, was also burned. Charles Pultv, a fare-collector on the bridge at St. Louis, was hurled from the structure by the protruding step of a mail- car. He feu eighty feet to the water, and. was drowned before aid could reach him. The Mississippi River Logging company at a meeting'held at Clinton, Iowa, resolved that all mills be shut down for the season September 15th, with the concurrence of seven -eighths of the mills m the North wes tern States. At a session of the Southwestern Asso ciation ot Fruit and Vegetable Evaporators at Kansas City, the lollowing resolution was adopted: Resolved, That the President, Secretary and Treasurer be constituted a Coirmittee on Freight, to comer with rail road m magers in regard to securing a reduc tion ot the present enormous rates on evap orated fruits. CRIMES AND CASUALTIES. Louis Bostick cut Green Bryant's throat near Lebanon, Ky., m a quarrel. A cyclone did considerable damage at Harrisonville and Greenwood, Mo. Six thousand acres of grain and a num ber of dwellings were destroyed in a fire Modesta, 111. R. C. Mack's and George Davis' peanut lactones Durnea near jreiersourg, va. sup posed incendiarism. Jas. Callahan, a St. Joseph man, was dis consolate and broke, so he drowned himself in the Nodaway river. Louis Howser was instantly killed by lightning and his brother James badly in jured near Warsaw, 111. At Shanners, Pennsylvania, Samuel Smith was instantly killed and his daugh ter fatally injured by a railroad train. By the explosion of a steam threshing machine near Litchfield, 111., two men were killed and six others seriously scalded. A fire at Dubois, Pa., destroyed 5,000,000 feet of lumber, causing a loss of $6,000. It was ignited by a spark from a passing en gine. Louis Stewart was propelling a threshing machine over a bridge near Montgomery C ty.Mo , when the bridgegave way. Stewart was instantly filled. EUza Dixson, an inmate of the Louisville Workhouse, was run over and instantly killed while walking on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad track. Miss Rose J. Woods was attacked by Ne groes near Park vi tie, Ky., and she cannot now be found. The Negroes have been ar rested and a lynching bee is among the probabilities. A conductor on a Birmingham street car at St. Louis, threw James Herne, a boy seven years old, off the car and the boy was fatally injured by a car going in the opposite direction. . Two houses of ill-fame, kept by David West and Daisy Williams, were blown up by citizens at Sabina, Ohio, by the use of giant powder. Ihe inmates were allowed to depart. No one was hurt. A disastrous storm visited that portion ot tne Indian .territory next to the Southern Kansas line. One child was killed and sev eral people ibjured. Houses were burned and stock and fowls perished. . A drunken man threw an iron wrench into a dancing room at Mowequa, Illinois, and broke the jaw of Mrs. John B. Hayes, Her husband ran out and oeat the fel low with an iron poker, and the report is, killed him. George B. McCord, the sheriff of Mar shalltown, Iowa, was nearly killed by two burglars whom he followed into the coun try. One of the criminals .was captured by the citizens ana narrowly escaped lynch ing. Corrinne, aged eleven, and Helen, aged two years, children ot John Rausdale, were burned to death at Piano, Texas, by the ex plosion of a can of coal oil, with which the oldest child was attempting to kindle a fire. The bodies were burned to a crisp. John Hail, a clerk in the German Bank at Wheeling, West Yirginiat struck a match in the vault. It appears that the gas had been escaping all night, and the ex plosion which followed swept Heil across the room with a singed face, and blew out the glass front of the building. A package containing $7,000. forwarded by the Assistant Treasurer at New Orleans by express to the United States Treasury, at Washington, when opened was found to be $4,000 short. There are evidences that the package had been opened and resealed during transmission. The loss will fall on the Express Company. At Mount Hollv Station. N C. norrmoti had a festival. One claimed that the wrong change had been given him, whereupon a dispute arose. Razors flew, and one of the negroes fell to the floor, his head hanging to to the trunk by a piece of skin only. Lof- ten Marten got a pisioi Dan in nis brain, and brass knuckles and slingshots did rlAfldlv Work. About thirteen rArrrra toot-o hurt. Three negroes have been arrested. FOREIGN Cholera is in creasing in Paris. The police suppress all Socialist meetings at Marseilles. Typhoid follows the Cholera at Toulon and Marseilles. ine reports wim regaru to me tea crop in Annam are not very favorable. Cholera has broken out in Madrid and two deaths have already occurred. Trorms are to be called out at "Rrminp. Switzerland, to protect the Salvation Army. A. A. McDonald has been appointed Lieu tenant Governor of Prince Edward's Is land. The imprisoned Anarchists at Vienna have confessed to a large number of murders and robberies. Philip Chatham, the oldest Free Mason in England, initiated in 1811, is dead, aged 97 years. Lord Randolph Churchill threatens to take an American tour during the Parlia ment recess. Russia and Germany will unite in meas ures to suppress dynamiters. Nihilists et id omne genus. In addition to the epidemic Marseilles is threatened with anarchy. A socialistic demonstration occurred there. A number of political suspects have been captured with dynamite and inflammatory proclamations at Warsaw. It is reported that a French comedy troupe in Algiers his been massacred near the frontier by the Arabs. At Sligo, Michael Muldowney has been sentenced to death for the murder of Under, Secretary Burke's gardener, in 1882. The Austrio-Hungarian, German and Russian delegates will meet to settle the Servo-Bulgarian difficulty at Belgrade. At the Court of Appeals, London, the de cree of the lower court, separating Lord Colin Campbell and wife, was indorsed. A newspaper in Montreal has attacked Judge Caron, who tried the Eno case, and an application has been made for the edit or's arrest. The Judicial Committee of the English Privy council will recommend the same Ontario boundary as recommended by the Canadian arbitrators. The refusal of the Marseilles authorities to permit a procession of women offering prayers for a cessation of the scourge has created a bad impression. . Commercial affairs in Cuba are desperate. The Spanish Bank has refused to discount notes, and liquidations are numerous in all cities of the Northern and Southern coasts. Vienna authorities are making war on Mormon missionaries. Police have been ordered to arrest all found making converts. A warrant has been issued for Paul Ham mer from Nevada. Cuban insurgents are ravaging the planta tions of parties favorable to the govern ment. The Captain General of Cuba has called a conference of officers to devise a plan to cope with the guerrillas. POLITICAL AND PERSONAL. The Greenbackers of the Sixth Iowa Dis trict have nominated Gen. Jas. B. Weaver for Congress. Second District Vermont Republicans nominated W. N. Grant for Congress to succeed Judge Poland. " Col. J. W. Davis was nominated for Con gress by the Republicans of the Third Dis trict of West Virginia. Gen. Rosecrans has accepted an invita tion to be the guest of the city of Dayton at the Soldiers reunion. John T. Heard was nominated for Con cress by the Democrats of the Sixth Judi oial District of Missouri, on the 389th ballot. John C. Eno, the wrecked New York banker, has rented a furnished house in Quebec, and has been joined by his wife and three daughters. Eugene Kelly has been chosen a presi dential elector at large for New York vice Purcell ot the Rochester Union who bolted the Democratic ticket. WASHINGTON TOPICS. Over two hundred clerks in the pension bureau received a promotion, recently, the average advance in salary being $200. Gen. Merrett, American consul-general. has appointed a physician to examine as to the sanitary condition of vessels leaving London for New York. No more one dollar notes can be supplied by the secretary ot the Treasury until about the 1st ot August. Any order for their preparation could not be given until alter me Appropriation bill was passed, and ths fai ure to supply is due to the delay of uongress. A quarantine will probably be established against Canada, and also against Mexico. in which latter place the yellow fever is reported epidemic. The epidemic fund, of which there is an unexpended balance of about $78,000, will be utilized by the au thorities for these purposes. The admin istration has detei mined to make every possible effort to prevent the introduction of the contagion. A pamphlet is in course of preparation at the Statistical Uureauofthe State Depart ment and will be ready for issue about two months hence, which will contain informa tion ot great interest and value to Ameri can manufacturs of agricultural machinery. A large number of requests lor information which the department received from this cla-s f manufacturers led the assistant Sec retary of State, Davis, to prepare a circular to the Consular officers of the united S ates instructing them to obtain and forward such information as would enable the American manufacturers of agricultural implements and machinery, steam, horse and hand power, to enter into competition with manufacturers of other Nations for that share in the world's trade to which the superiority of their manufacturies entitles them. It is reported that the Bank of Mon treal exported I 3,000,000 in gold to New York ' during the recent financial troubles. . - ' FKO UIISITIO NISTS AT PITTSBURG. They Meet in Rational Convention In that City Nearly COO Delegates Present. The National Convention ot the Prohibi tion Home Protection Party assembled in Lafayette Hall, Pittsburg, on July 23d. The convention was called to order by Gideon T.Stewart, of Ohio. Praver was offered by Rev. Dr. A. Miner, of Boston. L. o. iiose, ot .rittsburer. then delivered the address of welcome. Gideon T. Stew art responded on behalf of the convention. The temporary organization was effected by electing William Daniels, of Maryland, temporary jnairman,ana Mrs. wood bridge, jrresiaent ot tne unio W oman's Christian Temperance Union, and Charles Carter, of wasnington, u. u., as secretaries. After the appointment of a Committee on Credentials and Resolutions, the meet ing adjourned until 3 p. m. AFTERNOON SESSION. The session opened with praver. after which the Secretary reported the following representatives to the convention: Alabama, 2 ; Colorado, 23 ; Connecticut, 2; Illinois, 45 ; Maine, 3 ; Kansas, 17 ; Kentucky, 6 ; Michigan. 56; Nebraska, 23; Dakota, 1; Ohio, 34 ; New Jersey, 18 ; Maryland, 25 ; New York, 75; Missouri, 10; Tennessee, 12 ; Texas, 10 ; Pennsylvania, 53 ; Wiscon sin, 55. Total, 446. Telegrams encourag ing the convention in its work were read from various parts of the country and ap plauded. Miss Willard, President of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, appealed to the convention at this time to listen to a memorial prepared by the Union, and it was read by the Secretary. It asserts that the homes of America, which are the citadels of patriotism, purity and happiness, has not an enemy so relent iess as the American saloon: ther-fore, as citizens of the United States, irrespective of sect or religion, but having deeply at heart the happiness of our homes, we do hereby respectfully and earnestly peti ion you to advocate and adopt such measures as are requisite to the end that prohibition of the importation, exportation, manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages may become an internal part ot the National Constitution, and that your party candidate may be by character and public pledge committed to a National Constitutional prohibitory amend ment. After some further delay the report of the Committee on Credentials was present ed, showing that there were thirty-one States and Territories represented by 579 delegates, and that there were actuatly present 4bi delegates. A resolution accom panied the report to the effect that the dele gates be authorized to cast the full votes of the States which they represent. The re port was accepted and the resolution was adopted. Adjourned till evening. EVENING SESSION. The Committee on Permanent Organiza tion reported the name of Prof. Samuel A. Dickey, of Michigan, for Chairman, and Clinton 13. Fiske for Secretary. The Committee on Rules reported the or der of business and the rules under which the Convention would be conducted. Adjourned till morning. THURSDAY. Tho convention convened Thursday at 9 o'clock. The roll of States was called for the pre sentation of candidates. Babcock, of California, presented the name of R. H. McDonald. . When the State of Illinois was reached, Geo. C. Christian presented the name of John P. St. John. Miss Francis E. Willard seconded the nomination of St. John. She spoke of hav ing known him as a man and little barefoot boy. She had seen him go out into the world unfriended and unguarded, making his way toward the west, crossing the Big Muddy without a dollar in his pocket, get ting te Pike's Peak and across the Rockies and Sierras. She had seen him when other men were asleep studying Blackstone and Coke. When the war broke out he did not wait to be drafted, but voluntarily bared his breast to the enemy. Then who were his friends? She saw him next elevated to the position of Governor of a great and free state and the idol of his party. There he was the pathfinder, the John C. Fremont of the new campaign. W. T. Eustis,of Maine, placed in nomina tion Gideon T. Stewart of Ohio. Pennsylvania presented the name of Hon. Jas. Black. The name of Stewart was withdrawn by Ohio. California withdrew McDonald and sec onded the nomination of St. John. Penn sylvania withdrew Blak and seconded St. John. On motion the rules were suspended and St. John was nominated by acclamation. The platform was then presented by Black, of Pennsylvania. It declares that the importation, manu facture, supply and sale of alcoholic bever ages, created and maintained by the laws of the National and State Governments during the entire history of such laws, is every where shown to be promoting the cause of iutemperance, with resulting crime and pauperism, making large demands upon public and private charity, imposing large and unjust taxation, imposing burdens for penal and sheltering institutions upon thrift and industry, manufactures and commerce; endangering public peace and desecration of the Sab oath; corrupting our political legislation and the administration of the laws; shortening lives, impairing health and diminishing productive industry; caus ing education to be neglected and despised; nullifying the teachings of the Bible, church and school standards and guides ot our fathers and their children in the found ing and growth under God of our widely extended country, and which is imperiling the perpetuity of our civil and religious liberty, are the baneful fruits by which we know that these laws are alike contrary to God's laws and contravene our happiness, and we call upon our fellow-citizsns to aid in the repeal of the laws and leeal suppression of this baneful liquor traffic, mat the collection of revenues from alco holic liquors and tobocco should be abol ished as vices of men and not proper sub jects for taxation. That revenue for custom duties should be levied for the support of the Government economically adminis tered, and when so levied the fostering of American labor, manufactures and indus tries should constantly be held in view. That the public land should be held for homes for the people, and not for gifts to corporations or to be held in large bodies for speculation upon the needs of actual settlers That all money, coin and paper, shall be made, Issued and regulated by the general Government, and shall be legal tender for all debts, public and pri vate. That grateful care and support should be given to our soldiers and sailors who were disabled in the service of their country, and to their dependent widows and orphans ; that we. repudiate as an un American and contrary to the principles of the Declaration of Independence that any person or persons shall or may be excluded from residence or citizenship with all oth ers who may desire benefits which our in stitutions confer on the oppressed of all Na tions. EVENING SESSION. Nominations being in order for Vice Pres ident the names of George P. Rogers, of Connecn'cut, Wm. Daniels, of Maryland, and Clint m B. Fiske, were presented. The names of all except Daniels were wit hdra wn and that gentlemen was nominated by ac clamation. The convention then adjourned sine die. New wheat is in the market GRASD Alt 31 Y ENCAMPMENT. The Proceedings at Minneapolis of the Grand. Encampment, The Grand Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic of the United States met in Minneapolis on July 23d. Upon the arrival of General Logan he was given a great reception all along the line of march from the depot to General Wash- burne s residence, whose guest he was. A great crowd collected and cries for a speech rent the air. General Logan bowed- an acknowledgment, but declined to speak. lie delivered an address at Camp Ueattie during the afternoon. Both St. Paul and Minneapolis had thrown open all the pri vate residences, and the crowd could hardly he accommodated. Upon the arrival of General Sherman he was greeted with wild enthusiasm. The department was represented by del egates from thirty Sates. The largest del egations were from Iowa, Wisconsin and Kansas. Every train was crowded with visitors and delegates, Camp Beath, the scene of the encampment, was crowded, and every tent was occupied. The speak ing there began by Governor Hubbard o Minnesota, warmly welcoming the veterans, and Comminder-in-Chief Beath respond ing on behalf of the Grand Army. Mayor Pillsbury of Minneapolis, Senior Comman der Warren, General Grosvenor of Ohio, General John H. Gibson and General Paul Vandervoort of Nebraska, also addressed the soldiers. WEDNESDAY. The feature of Wednesday was the grand parade. It was delayed in starting, but was received with tremendous cheers by 60,000 people, who thronged every street on the line of march. The weather was fair but sultry, with threatening clouds. This gath ering of the whole Grand Army was the largest demonstration since the war. After the parade a business meeting for organization was held. There were 18,000 in the procession, which was an hour and twenty minutes in passing a given point. there were probably 8,000 to 10,000 in the city who did not j un in the parade. About 75,000 stran gers besides these made up the visitors. Gen. Logan occupied a prominent place at the head ot the procession, lien eral Sher man rode in the middle and both received continued ovations from the veterans. Gen erals Thomas, Kountz, Warner, Naegel and Gibson were also received with cheers. The line of march was through the principal streets of the city, which were profusely dec orated. Afterwards there were sporting amusements and most of the State delega tionsheld reunions. A business meeting was held and commit ees appointed. In the evening 75,000 people crowded the en campment grounds and witnessed the fire works by the Flambeaux Club of Topeka. THURSDAY. The principal events of that day were the reception to General Logan at the Illinois Headquarters in the morning and another to all the visiting Generals at Washburne's residence ia the evening. At the former a great cro rd of old soldiers were present. .Logan and lien. Negely, ot .Pennsylvania, made speeches. In the evening Sherman, Fairchilds, Negely, Thomas and others were present, speeches were made at the en campment all day. A reunion of the ex- prisoners ot the war was held, at which about one hundred gathered. BIAIN-ES LETTER. Text ef Sis Letter Accepting: the Presiden tial Nomination at tne Hands of the .Re publican Party. The following is Mr. Blaine's letter of ac ceptance : Augusta, Me., July 18, 1884. To the Eon. John B. Henderson and others of the Committee: Gentlemen : In accepting the nomina tion for the Presidency,' tendered me by the Republican National Convention, I beg to express a deep sense of the honor which is conferred, and of the duty which is im posed. I venture to accompany the accept ance with some observations upon the questions involved in the contest, questions whose settlement mayaflectthe future of the Nation, favorably or unfavorably, for a long series or years, in enumerating tne issues upon which the Republican party ap peals for support, the convention has been singularly explicit and felicitous. It has properly given the leading position to the industrial interests of the couatry as affect ed by THE TARIFF. on imports. On that question the two po litical parties are radically in conflict. Al most the hrst act of the Republicans when they came into power in 1864 was the es tabiishment of the principles of protection to American labor, and to American prin ciples. This principle the Republican par ty has ever since steadily maintained; while, on the other hand, the Democratic party m Congress has. for fifty years per sistently warred upon it. Twice within that period our opponents have destroyed tariffs arranged for protection, and since the close ot the civil war, whenever they have controlled the House of Representa tives, hostile legislation has been attempt ed, never more conspicuously than in their principal measure at the late session of Congres on the tarin question. AGRICULTURE AKD THE TARIFF. The Agricultural interest is by far the largest in the Nation and is entitled in ev ery adjustment of revenue laws to the first consideration. Any. policy hostile to the fullest development of agriculture in the United States must be abandoned. Realiz ing this fact, the opponents of the present system of revenue have labored very ear nestly to pursuade the farmers of the United States that they are robbed by a pro tective tariff, and the effort is thus made to consolidate their vast influence in favor of free trade. But happily the farmers of America are intelligent and cannot be misled by sophistry when conclusive facts are be fore them. They see plainly that during the past twenty -four years wealth has not been acquired in one section or by one inteiest at the expends of an other section or another interest. They see that the agricultural States have made even more rapid progress than the manufacturing States. The farm ers see that in 1869 Massachusetts and Illinois had about the came wealth, be tween eight and nine hundred million dol lars each, and in 1880 Massachusetts had advanced to twenty-six hundred millions while Illinois had advanced to thirty-two hundred millions. They see that New Jer sey and Iowa were just equal in population in 1860, and that in twenty years the wealth ot New Jersey was increased by the sum of eight hundred and fitty millions of dollars while the wealth of Iowa was increased by the sum of fifteen hundred million dollars. They see that nine leading agricultural States of the West have grown so rapidly in prosperity that the aggregate addition to their wealth since 1SG0 13 almost as great as the wealth of the entire country in that year. They see the South, which is almost exclusively agricultural, has shared in the general prosperity, and that having recov ered from the loss and devastation of the war, has gained so rapidly that its total wealth is at least double of that which it possessed in 1860, exclusive of slaves. In these extraordinary developments the far mers see the helpful influence of . a home market, and they see that the financial and revenue system enacted since the Republi can party came into power, has established and instantly expanded the home mar ket. EFFECT UPON MECHANICS AND LABORERS. A policy of this kind would be disas trous to the mechanics and workingmen of the United States. Wage3 are unjustly reduced when an industrious man is not able by his earnings to live in comfort, educate his cnuaren, ana lay oy asumcienk amount for the necessities of old age. The reduction of wages inevitably consequent upon throwing our home market open to the world would deprive them of the power to do this. 'Ihis would prove a great ca lamity to our country. It would produee a conflict between the poor and the rich, and in the sorrowful degradation of labor would plant the seeds of public danger. The Republican party has steadily aimed to maintain iust relations between labor and capital, guarding with care the rights of each. A connict Detween tne two uas alwa s been in the past, and will lead in the future to the injury of both. - Labor is indispensable to the creation and profitab.e use of capital, and capital increases the efficiency and value of labor. Whoever arrays the one against the other i3 an enemy of both. That poli jy is wisest and best which harmonizes the two on the basis of absolute justice. The Republican party .has protected .the free labor of Amer ica to that its umapensation is larger than is realized in niqst any other country. It has guarded our people against the unfair competition of contract labor from China, and may be called upon to prohibit a sim ilar evil from Europe. It is obviously un fair to permit capitalists to matte contracts for cheap labor in foreign countries to the hurt and disparagement of the labor of American citizens. Such policy, like that which would leave the time and other con ditions of home labor exclusively in the control of the employer, is injurious to . all parties not the least so to the unhappy per sons who are made subjects of the contract. The institutions of the United States rest upon the intelligence and virtue of all the people, Suffrage is made the universal, but just weapon of self prottction to every cit izen. OUR FOREIGN POLICY. Our foreign relations favor our domestic developments. We are at peace with the world, at peace upon a sound basi3 with no unset led questions of sufficient magnitude to embarrass or distract us. Happily re moved by our geographical position from participation or interest in those questions of dynasty or boundary which so frequent ly disturb the peace of Europe, we are left to cultivate friendly relations with all and are free from the possible entanglements in the quarrels of any. The United States has no cause and no desire to engage in a con flict with any power on earth, and we may rest in assured confidence that no power desires to attack the United States. With the Nations of the Western Hemisphere we should cultivate closer relations, and for our common prosperity and advancement we should invite them all to join us in an agreement that for the future all Inter national troubles in North or South Amer ica shall be adjusted by impartial arbitra tion and not by arms. This projtct was part of the fixed policy of President Gar field's administration, and it should, in my udgment, be renewed. Its accomplish ment on this continent would favorably affect the nations beyond the sea, and thus powerfully contribute at no distant day to universal acceptance of the philanthropic and Christian principle of arbitration. The etfect even of suggesting it for the Spanish American States has been most happy, and has increased the confidence of those peo ple in our friendly disposition. It fell to my lot as Secretary of State, in June. 1881. to quiet apprehension in the Republic of Mexico by giving the assurance in an offi cial dispatch that there is not the faintest desire in the United States for territorial ex tension south of the Rio Grande. The boundaries of the two Republics have been established in conformity with the best ju risdictional interests ot . both. The line of demarkation is not merely convention, it is more. It separates the Spanish-American people from a Saxon-American people. It divides one great nation from another with distinct and national inality. THE SOUTHERN STATES. I recognize, not without regret, the neces sity of speaking of two sections of our com mon country, but the regret diminishes when I see the elements which separated them are fast disappearing. The preju dices have yielded and are yielding, while a growing cordiality warms the Southern and Northern heart alike. Can any one doubt that between the two sections confi dence and esteem are not to-day more marked than at any period in the sixty years preceeding the election of President Lincoln? This is the result, part of time and part of Republican principles, applied under the favorable conditions of uniform ity. It would be a greatcalamity to change these influences, under which the Southern Commonwealths are learning to vindicate civil rights and adopting themselves to the conditions of political tranquility and in dustrial progress. THE MORMON QUESTION. Religious liberty is the right of every citizen of the Republic. Congress is for bidden by the Consitution to make any law "respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." For a century, under this guarantee, Pro testant and Catholic, Jew and Geutile, have worshiped God according to the dictates of conscience. But religious liberty must not be perverted to the justification of offenses against the law. A religious sect strongly entrenched in one of the Territories of the United States, and spreading into form in other Territories, claims the right to destroy the great safeguard and monument of social order, and to practice as a relig ious privilege that which is a crime, punished with severe penalties in every State of the United States. The sacredness and unity of the family must be preserved as the foundation ot all civil gov ernments, as the source of orderly adminis tration, as the surest guarantee of moral pu-ity. The claim of the Mormons that they are divinely authorized to practice polygamy should no more be admitted than the claim of certain heathen tribe?, if they should come among us, to continue the rite of human sacri dee. The law does not in terfere with what a man believes. It takes cognizance of what he does. As citizens the Mormons are entitled t the same civil rights as others, and to these they must be confined. Polygamy can never receive Na tional sanction or toleration by admitting the community that upholds it as a State in the United states. SACREDNESS OF THE BALLOT. The survey of our condition as a Nation reminds u that material properity is but a mockery if it does not tend to preserve the liberty of the people. A free ballot ia the safeguard of Republican institutions. wiinout wnicn no iNationai welfare is as sured. A popular election, honestly con ducted, embodies the very majesty of true government. Ten millions of voters desire to take part in the ' pendinz contest. The safety of the Republic rests upon tie integ rity oi tne oauot, upon the security ot suf frage to the ci'izen. To deposit a fraudulent ballot is no worse a crime against constitu tional liberty than to obstruct the deposit on an honest vote. He who corrupts suf frage strikes at the very root of free gov ernment. He is the arch enemy of the Re public He forgets that in tramplme upon the rights of others he fatally imperils hi3 own rights. "Ic is a good land which the Lord our God doth give us," but we can maintain our heritage only by guarding with vigilance the source of our popular power. I am, with great respec your obe dient servant. Signed. James G. Blaine. The Comte de Paris and family have do nated X2.0C0 to the relief of the Toulon sufferers.