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Phillipsburg herald. [volume] (Phillipsburg, Kan.) 1882-1905, August 07, 1884, Image 3

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029677/1884-08-07/ed-1/seq-3/

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year Eureka improved
Anthony is to have a three story -stone
hotel building.
LeRoy has ha3 organized a Building
and Loan Association.
Co. K, State Militia, of Abilene, have
received their arms.
The first directory of the city of New
ton Ls being compiled.
The first circus which ever exhibited
in Nickerson showed there recently.
The Osborne City Cheese factory is
making 2,500 pounds of that staple
The School Board census of Burrton,
eays the Monitor, gives that town a popu
lation of
Valentine Staffer, a cow-boy, was
killed at Garden City by the accidental
discharge of a gun.
Col. E. C. Culp, of Salina, has been ap
pointed In?pe ctor of U. S. Land Ofhces
on the Pacific coast.
It is said that Gen. Logan will attend
the Old Settles' meeting at Bismarck
Grove, September 2d.
Yates Center, according to the lrua,
has been cleaned, the first Kansas town
to undergo the ojeration.
In repairing a threshing machine, Os
borne county, two men had malted Bab
bitt metal thrown in their eyes.
The Sumner County Agricultural So
ciety announces a bull fight as one of the
attractions of their county fair to be held
there this Fall.
A sixteen-year-old son of J. II.Lefiing
well accidentally shot and killed him
self at Corning, a short time ago. The
funeral was largely attended.
The Serdinel says, Kenneth has less
number of dogs and rats than any other
county seat in the State, there beingonly
one canine and one feline in the town.
Hon. Nelson Adams was shot by the
Marshal of Lamed. He struck the Mar
shal twice with a heavy cane before the
,tter fired. Local politics caused the
Nortonville, Jefferson county has fee
cured articles of incorporation as a city
of the second class. The first city elec
tion was held recently, and a mayor
A. W. Ruoff, a German, established
himself in a garden on an island in the
Arkansas, twelve miles west of Dodge,
and the high water kept him a prisoner
there for two months.
Girard lress: The McCune postoffice
has also been declared a money-order
office. This makes eight money order
offices in Crawford county. What other
county in the State has more?
In one issue of the Oberlin Herald
there are advertised one hundred and
sixty-eight tracts of school land of forty
acres each, tor 6ale. This is a a total of
G.720 acres brought into the market at
one time.
A severe hail and wind storm is re
ported as having visited th northern
part of Atchison and the southern part
of Douglas counties a few days ago. The
damages to houses and crops was con
siderable. Hon. S. II. Fullenwider, of Butler
county, has been appointed an agent of
the Government, under the pleuropneu
monia law passed at the last session of
Congress, at a salary of $2,400 per year
and expenses. His duties are connected
with the safely and healthy transporta
tion of cattle, etc.
"Wyandotte Herald: The case of Lead
better againgt the Atchison, Topeka &
Santa Fe Railway Company for the re
covery of $10,000 damages alleged to
have been received bv the rjlaintitt while
in the employ of and through the negli
gence of defendants agents, occupied
the attention ot the court f r four days
The jury gave plaintiff $5,000.
A shooting affray occured at Lakin,
Finney county, a short time atio,
between James Oreen ana one ot his
men by Clay Cooper, an employee of the
liarwood Cattle Company, which occur
red at Wagonbed Springs, on the Cini
aron, four miles south of Lakin about
noon to-dav. Green was shot twice
through the breast and is not expected
to recover. Cooper was unhurt.
The Oklahoma Chief, published at
Rock Falls, just over the Territory line
near Caldwell, says: "Their is a vein of
coal from eiht to ten inches thick crop
ping out in several places on our town
site. A company is being organized and
will soon commenco to put down a shaft
for & thicker vein. Old coal men think
that it can be reached from eighty to one
hundred feet, from four to six feet in
Emporia Republican: A box of fossil
specimens was received the other day
bv Mr. Harry E. Norton from the offi
cials of the State penitentiary. They
were taken from a coal shalt 730 feet be
low the surface of the ground, and show
plainly petiifiictions of wood and beauti
fully preserved traces of m ss, leaves
fish, etc. As geological specimens they
are very- valuable. lne stones were
accompanied by several very fine
photos of the penitentiary building and
Mr. W. C. Ilindeman, of two famous
Arctic expeditions, is visiting Iriends in
Madison, Lyon county. Mr. Nindeman
eailed with obout twenty otheis in 1S71
in the ''Polaris," under the command of
CapL Hall. He reached that Winter the
latitude of Sl 35' north latitude. The
next Winter he spent around the east
Eide of Greenland, at a latitude of 82
16 the highest point reached during the
expedition. In 1S79 he started from
San Francisco on the Bennett expedition
. and wintered in the ice drifts of Bear
ing's Strait, in the latitude of 74 45
After drifting around for months they
finally landed on an island in the Arctic
ocean north of Siberia, and thence made
their way down through Europe and
Atchison Glule: The case of little
Jesse Graham, who was bitten by a
spider some weeks ago, has developed
into a very peculiar one, and one which
tallies medical skill. He was bitten un
der the left eye, and nothing was thought
of it at first, the only niark of the spider'a
fangs being & little pimple about the size
of a pin head. But this gradually be
came inflamed until both eyes were
closed, the skin about them turning
black. The wound was very painful, and
the little fellow had to be held by main
force whi'e the doctors were operating
uprn it. He has now lost the entire use
of his left eye, the pupil being reduced
to the size of a p:n point. The riyhteye,
however, has been saved through the
skill of Dr. Campbell and good attention.
Caldwell Journal: "Win. Corzine spent
a night at his ranch in the Territory, re
cently, and slep- out of doors, as is the
custom. . About 12 o'clock he was awak
ened by a cold wind blowing on him
from th north. He got up, and while
skirmishing around for more blankets
probably twenty minutes the wind
changed to the southwest. This is not a
6trar.ge thing for the wind to do in this
country, but the strange part of it was
that the southwest wind was as hot as
though it came from the mouth of a fur
nace or bake oven. This wind continued
for just half an hour. The cause of it
remains a mystery. Hot winds sometimes
prevail in this country in the day time,
but never in the night, as this did, unless
it had been prevailing during the day.
Arkansas City Traveler: An accident of
the most heartrending nature, and re
sulting in the death of two well known
residents of Bolton township transpired
last week. The fa-ts are a follows: A
short time since Mr. Bristow purchased
a farm about two miles south from Gue
da, and upon said farm was an old dis
used well, some forty-five feet deep, which
it was desired to have cleantdoutand fit
ted for use. With this object in view Mr.
Biistow and his nephew. C. W Crank,
left home on Thursday last and proceed
ed to the old well, which Mr. Crank at
once descended and proceeded to work,
but soon complained of the gas hurting
his eyesand requested to be drawn up.
This Mr. Bristow tried to do, but the wed
bucket having become lodged he was un
able to draw him up, when Crank at
tempted to climb the curbing, but be
coming overpowered by the gas, fell
back, whereupon Bristow decended by
the rope to his assistance, his wife and
boy, in the meanwhile, raising an alarm.
It would seem that both men were over
powered by the gas, and, notwithstund-
mg every effort, it was nearly two hours
before the bodies were brought to the
surface through the heroic efforts of
Messrs. Willard and Tompkins, but un
fortunately life wa extinct.
Points and Items About Kansas Stock
The Polled Angus bull, "Judge," be
longing to J. S. and W. R. Goodwin, of
Beloit, was drowned recently. He cost
the Goodwins $6,000.
Dodee Citv Globe: Smith & Elliott sold
to Green & Cogill, of Las Animas county
Col., last week three hundred and filty
head of yearling heifers at $16.00, a very
fair price.
Clay Center Firebrand: W. Carpenter,
of Blaine township, has a yearling bnll
that weighs 700 pounds. He has weighed
it every week for ten weeks and it has
made an average gain of 35 pounds per
week, during that time.
Dodge City Globe : Messrs. Crawford,
Young & Co.. of Hamilton county, who
have been in this market for several
weeks, made a purchase last week of
eight hundred head of yearling heifers
from Mr. Suggs at $16 per head. They
will be located in the western part of this
Lincoln Banner: Oa the sheep ranch
of Green & Smith, about seven miles
northeast ot the citv, a ram was born re
cently having four horns, two properly
placed and the others between them. It
seems that even the sheep of this county
are willing to take another horn before
Kansas Farmer: Some persons are of
opinion that cockle burr plants will kill
hogs if eaten by them. Experiment
shows that hogs will not eat these plants
except when very young and then no
injury results. In test cases hogs refuse
to eat the burr plants after they are about
6ix inches high. They are fond of the
plant while very young.
Emporia Republican: Recently about
twenty head ot cattle were stolen from
a herd of 700 or 800 head, being herded
by W. A. Smith on the edge of Chase
county, southwest of Emporia. The
stolen cattle belonged to Gerahty Bros,
and Jas. O'Byrn. A vigilant search is
now being made to recover the cattle
and secure the thieves. So far as learned
there is notslue.
' Dodge City Globe: John Powers, who
is interested with Doc. Day in the cattle
business in the Panhandle of Texas, has
six hundred and thirty-three beef cattle
here ready for shipment. Mr. Powers
had 2,000 head of yearlings on the trail
bound for the North, which he has turned
back and will winter them with the
Dickey Bros., on the Canadian river,
having made satisfactory arrangements
for the same.
Cattle kings are no longer to have un
disputed swav in the stock world. Cattle
queens are coming to the front, as we see
by the last issue of Cowboy, which says:
Miss Lee Jackson, of Denver, Colorado,
is a guest of the Dodge House, and has
purchased several thousand head of cat
tle which will be placed in the hands of
Chas. T. Carroll, of New Haven, Conn.,
and B. Brinton, of Philadelphia, rela
tives of the young lady.
Salina Independent: D. B. and J. L.
Po ers are starting a horse farm at Ells
worth, and while at Zinesville, Ohio, re
cently purchased for the farm three
young blooded horses from J. II. Jewett,
paying $3,0 0 for them They aie Fan
cv Almont (filly), 3 years old; Jocosta
(filly); Herod (stud), 2 years old all
Irom Almont Chief. Almont Chief is
also the sire of Westmoat, the fastest
pacer in the world. Herod is a full
brother to Geo. E. Hutton's fast trotter,
Hon. Geo. Y. Johnson, General Super
intendent of the Agricultural and Cattle
Departmen's of . the Great Woild's Cot
ton Exposition, at New Orleans, has just
appointed two chief assistants. J. H.
Sanders, editor of the Breeders' Gaz tie,
Chic-agu, is to be Superintendent of the
Cattle Department, and Hon. Dexter
Curtis, of Madison, Wis., Superintendent
of the Horse Department. They are ex
pected at Topeka in a few days to con
sult with Mr. Johnson about arranging
the pieffiium list and other important
Clay Center Time: Win. Lockhart, of
Oakland, reports an increase of sixteen
Eure bred calves to his herd of Short
orns this season. Of these ten are
females and six males, making his herd
number forty-six at this time. Mr. Lock
hart has been breeding Shorthorns for
about six years in this county, and is
considered one of the most successful
and intelligent breeders amongst us.
His cow, Muse atoon 2nd, gave two and
one-half gallons of milk per day after
the calf had taken all it would. For
beef, milk, butter and docility the Short
horns rant with the highest,
Clay Center Tunes: J. W. Carpenter,
one of the most successful farmers and
stock raisers of this vicinity, reports a
gain of thirty-five pounds a week for the
last eight weeksof a grade Shorthorn one
year old bull. His feed besides grass
has been oats and corn chop once a day
during that time. He also has a two
year old filly that weighs 1,200 pounds.
Mr. Carpenter says nothing pays so well
on the farm as good stock, and that he is
going to buy only the best in the future
and get rid of his scrubs as fast as he
can. The experience of such men as
Mr. Carpenter is stock raising is
very extensive, and their example worth
Noteworthy Incidents Among the Farmers
of the State.
Potatoes are a drag on the Clay Center
The potato crop of Barton county will
be immense.
Yaes Center yens : On the 15th day
of May, 1SS4, M. Bathbun, of Liberty
township, planted a certain field in corn.
Tuesday of this week, sixty-seven days
after the corn was planted, Mr. Rathburn
measured several hills and found the av
erage height to be twelve feet and nine
Wichita Eagle: W.T. Jewett, who came
in a few days ago from his farm near
Valley Center, says that crops are look
ing splendid. lie has three hundred
acre3 in corn, which will yield fully six
ty bushels to the acre. The same ground
last season was in corn and averaged fifty
bushtli. This year the stand is much
Halstead Independent: Joseph Cook
brought us in a small branch of an apple
tree, of Cooper's Early White variety,
planted in 187S, being at the time of
planting one year old, which was loaded
to beat anything we ever saw. The
branchwas one-half an inch in diameter
and, in a space of 3 inches, had put out
twigs which bore 17 large, fine apples.
The fruit hung in a cluster, one touching
another, yet all large and well formed.
He also produced a twig of a Keifer Hy
brid pear, showing a cluster of nine pears.
This had been grafted into a large pear
tree in 1S82.
Dodee City Cowboy: The other day we
had a talk with E.B. Cogswell, of Sterling.
Mr. Cogswell is an official agent of the
Agricultural Bureau at Washington,
whose official duties are to investigate
the business of the sorghum industry of
Kansas and to furnish such information
and suggestions to the bureau as will
tend to the promotion of that industry.
He has strong faith in the outcome of
sorghum, and believes that the bulk of
the sugar consumed in the West will be
manufacured from sorghum. He left at
this-office a sample of the sugar made at
the Sterling works by the Kansas Sugar
company. The grade is "Extra C," and
seems to possess as much saccharine
matter as sugar of the same grade man
ufactured from tropical cane. The Ster
ling works last year declared a dividend
of 7 J per cent, on a capital of $50,000.
They "can be operated about ninety days.
Under the present process of crushing
cane only forty per cent of the juice is
extracted. A new process of extracting
juice called "Diffusion," has been invent
ed, which will be thoroughly tested at
Ottawa, Kan., this season. An appropri
ation of $40,000 for the purpose of obtain
ing machinery for making this test was
made by the last Congress through
efforts of Senator Plumb. Under
new process it is expected that 98
cent, of the juice will be extracted.
Cogswell has faith in the future of
ghum as feed for stock and says all
is wanted to make it perfect stock
is thorough curing. As late WTinter and
Spring feed he would have the sorghum
cut before maturity. Rank cane, fully
matured, will not hurt stock if eaten late
in the rail or in early Spring.
Particulars Pertaining to the Posts.
A new Post has been established at
White Cloud, Doniphan county.
The newly elected officers of the Sons
of Veterans Camp at Ellsworth were in
stalled at a recent meeting.
Sumpter Post No. 168, of Winchester,
has adopted resolution indorsing the
recommendations of the Pension Com
mittee of the Grand Army.
Winneld Courier: About twentv-two
names have been signed to a petition re
questing the institution of a Grand Arm v
Post in the prosperous little village of
Leavenworth Times: The survivors of
the first and second Kansas regiments,
veterans of the late war, will go on an
excursion to Atchison on the 10th of
Independence Call: The old "Vets," of
Llk and Chautauqua counties contem
piate holding a reunion sometime in
September. We learn the place of hold
ing the same has not been decided upon
Sedgwick Pantograph: At the last
meeting of Stephenson Post No. 255, G
A. R , an invitation was extended to the
wives and daughters of the members to
meet with them on the fourth Friday
evening oi each, month.
Leavenworth Standard: A call for
court martial has been issued by Custer
Post, G. A. 11., to meet Thursday after
noon at turee o ciock in tne lioard oi
Trade rooms to try Comrade J. Mohr.
O. 1L M Nary i3 present and H. Mile
Moore, Judge Advocate.
Atchison Chamm on: The veterans of
the First Kansas htld a meeting recently,
and effected an organization to celebrate
the anniversary of the battle of Wilson
creek. The anniversary falls on Sunday,
ana proDaoiy trie celebration will occur
on the 14th.
Lin wood Leader: Francis Mathews has
een allowed an increase of pension, dat
ing back to 1S65, making a total which
he will now draw of $2,361.37, and here
after $50 per month for loss of sight and
scrotal hernia. This increase was secured
through F. M. Adams, with the assist
ance of Hon. P. B. Plumb. Mr. Math
ews 13 a member of the G. A. R. Post
here, and they also were largely instru
mental in securing him his pension.
A correspondent writing for instruc
tions in the formation of a Relief Corp?,
well says: -'We think we might get a
great deal of instruction and pleasure
out of it, besides being ready whenever
there is a call for our assistance, as there
is sometimes at annual encampments, or
Decoration Day, or sometimes a sociable,
when no one is readv. What" is every
body's business is nobodv's business and
not being organized we are like
pany of soldiers without an officer, and
do not get things to harmonize."
Burr Oak Reveille: It would
our G. A. R. bovs should - takft a
lively interest in the comine Soldier's
Reunion. It will certainly be a trrand
affair. The location of the grounds in
the timber near the railroad track and
between Mankato and Jewell Citv. is
certainly favorable for us, the train
goes uown in tne mornins and comes
back at night. It is almost certain that
John A. Logan will be there, while the
presence of such orators as Gen. B. M.
Prentiss, and Commander-in-Chief
devoort, will make the occasion
pressive one.
Various Things Concerning Them.
Minneapolis lays claim to havins the
prettiest girls of any city in the State.
Mrs. Maria Powell, of Halstead re
cently celebrated her eighty-first birth
day. Miss Mary E. Huntv superintendent
of Public Instruction of Chase county,
died a short time ago.
At a school house bond election held
in Windham, McPherson county, Mrs.
C. M. Case acted as one of the judges,
and Mrs. Fred P. Halt and Miss Dixon
Hall performed the duties of clerks, and
a neater poll list, it is said, was never
found anywhere. A good $3,000 school
house will now be erected.
Fress : A young married woman liv
ing in the suburbs of Girard attempted
suicide a few days ago, on account of do
mestic troubles. bhe took a dose of
morphine, went into a darkened room,
and, with her little baby in her arms.
laid down on the floorK expecting never
to raise again, fcne was discovered bv
other members of the family, antidotes
administered, and a physician called.
By strenous efforts her life was Baved.
but if she had been left alone only a lit
tle while longer it would have been too
Emporia Republican: Lyon county will
soon see what ladies can do in the way
of farming and agricultural pursuits.
Some time ago two ladies came here and
began looking for a farm. When they
made it known that they intended run
ning the larm themselves, they were ad
vised to give up tne project as impracti
cal, but they would not. They have ac
cordingly purchased a tract of land about
six miles northeast of the city, and will
begin operations at once.
Humboldt Inter-State: One day last
week a little child of L. Wilbite was
playing near their cistern, and it raised
the lid and fell in. Mrs. Wilbite climbed
down into the cistern on the email rop-
which they drew water with, and hang
ing by that until the child came up for
the second or the last time she caught
and held it in that condition until their
nearest neighbor came to her assistance
and Helped both out. ine cmid was
saved, but by good presence of mind of
the mother.
Osage City ree Fress: A few days ago
Mrs. Patrick Kelley, living in Craigtown,
lust south of this place, left her child,
eighteen months old, with a neighbor to
be cared for while she made a visit to
another neighbor's. The child was left
with another child alone for a few mo
ments, when it started to follow its
mother. As it was crossing the railroad
it was caught by a coal train and cut in
two near the center of the body, and the
mangled part thrown six or eight feet off
to the side of the track.
Feeding Young Pigs.
Prairie Farmer.
F. D. Curtis tells farmers the best way
to handle pigs is too let them run with
their mothers until the mothers dry up,
and to allow the young ones to go into
an enclosure by themselves where they
can be fed on extra milk, or wheat ground
and mixed with milk or oatmeal. Any
of these grains are good, and so is barley
ground and mixed with milk, or ferment
ed slightly. By feeding and suckling at
the same time there is no sudden change
and the pigs will hardly miss the mother,
and, in fact, they may be weaned when
six or eight weeks old by being fed in the
manner described, and they will be con
tent in their feeding pen when kept en
tirely away from their mother. Wheat,
oat, or barley meal may be cooked for
the young pigs, but it is essential to have
it fermented. The feedings should be
often and a little at a time, and this
should all be eaten up clean, or less
should be given.
To feed young pigs six times a day is
better than to do so less often. By "a
little" is meant enough to fill the stomach
moderately full, but in no case to the ex
tent of stuffing or gorging. This latter
manner of feee ling will destroy the ap
petite or produce an inflated or poddy
condition and stunt the pig. "Blind
staggers" are caused by disordered
stomachs, Rubbing turpentine on the
top of the head causes an active evapora
tion, and no doubt has a stimulating ef
fect on the whole system; but the best
remedy is more in feeding, and feeding
in such a way that the stomach is kept
in a vigorous and healthful state, and
then there will be no rush of blood to
the head, but it will be equally distribut
ed ail over the body, and the stomach
will retain its po lion. Young pigs
should have an opportunity to get to
grass or some other sort of green food,
as it helps them wonderfully. They like
to root in the ground, and this, too, is a
natural condition. They will eat more
and thrive better when they can have
these benefits. A sensible farmer will
try to have the surroundings and f od
for his pigs conform to their natures as
much as possible, and in so far a3 he
does ne will beueht himself. A pig ap
preciates ail of these things as much as
any animal, and far more so than most
Irrigation is of so much consequence
in California that a State convention has
just been held to consider the subject.
Irrigation is only in it3 infancy in the
State, and yet there are from 200,000
to 250,000 acres of irrigated land in the
San Joaquin valley alone, and there is
no part of the State, except the extreme
northern counties, in which irrigation is
not & live question.
An Ofiiclal Keport from Dr. A. A.
comb,- the State Veterinarian, to
Dr. A. A. Holeomb, the State Veteri
narian, who had been up to Manhattan
investigating the Spanish fever in Maj.
Adams' cattle, returned to the city yes
terday and wrote out his official report
to Gov. Glick, which is as follows:
July 31, 1SS4.
To His FLccellency. the Guvtmor of Kan
sas. Sir: I have the honor to report
that in response to your telegram of the
utn insi., wnicn reached me at Ottawa,
Franklin Countj', I proceeded at once to
Manhattan, Riley County, where I ar
rived on the morning of the 30th inst
An investigation revealed the following
facts: Major N. A. Adams purchased in
the Kansas City Stock Yards on the 20th
mst. 220 grade steers, which had arrived
that morning from Caldwell, Kansas.
On the evening of the same dav thev
were loaded and started, for Manhattan
over the Union Pacific road. Just after
they were weighed in the yards the pur
chaser noticed that one of the best steers
seemed distressed and unsteady in his
gait. Calling attention to the fact the
condition of the animal was explained
on the ground that he had drank to ex
cess of water; but when the bunch was
shipped west this one was left behind.
and, as was afterward learned, he was
the first to die. When the train reached
Topeka it was found that a large num
ber of the cattle in one car were
piled on top of each other, and that some
of them were badly injured
and in danger of being killed. Accord
ingly this car was cut out and left at the
stock yards . in North Topeka, where all
but three of the most seriously injured
were unloaded. The remaining car
loads were taken on to Manhattan, where
they arrived on Sunday. On Monday all
but six of those which had been left m
Topeka were forwarded to their destina
tion; the remaining eix died. During a
portion of Sunday, Mondav and Tuesday
deaths were quite frequent and the na
ture of the disease was soon suspected.
On Wednesday morning I found the en
tire herd which reached Manattan held
in quarantine by the Sheriff in the stock
yards, adjoining commons, and in a field
of full grown corn, all situated west of
and adjoining the town. In the yards
were seven which had died during the
night, two that were too ill to stand up,
and two others which were rapidly grow
ing weak. The dead were being dragged
away to the river bank, where they were
buried in holes dug eight feet deep in
the sand and covered with quick lime
and soil. Between thirty and forty were
crumbling to ashes in a pit where they
had been burning for many hours, in
the adjoiningcommons was one very sick
steer and th e carcass of one which had d ied
during tne night, in tnecornneld were
the remainder of the lot purchased. Of
these, one was dead; one was quite ill
and the rest were in different parts of the
enclosure feeding. An examination of
the yard showed that the feces passed
by the animals which were first taken
sick were somewhat hard, dry and cov
ered more or less with mucus streaked
with blood. Those wrtiich were sick at
this time were, as a rule, having loose,
thinnish passages from the bowels, a con
dition no doubt to be attributed to the
green corn they had fed upon and the
medicine with which they had been
drenched. The temperature of the two
most ill, which x were confined in the
yards, were respectively 102 F., and
102 1-5" r .; while the temperature oi the
one which had been sick for but a Bhort
time stood at 105 2 5 F. The two which
were lying down were upon the broad
side, witn tne head extended, tne eyes
staring and glassy, and unconscious to
the irritation of the nies whicn swarmed
around. Occasionally the muscles of the
extremities would twich, the chin be
drawn down toward the chest, the legs
doubled up beneath the body and the
patient would moan as though in great
pain. Jbrequent strainings, as if to void
some feces, were, as a rule, productive
only of a protrusion of the rectum,
accompanied sometimes by the passage
of a little blood-stained mucus. Sensa
tion of the surface was lost, for the ani
mal would not respond to the prick of a
sharp knife blade. When the disease is
first seen to attack the animal he appears
tired and walks with an unsteady gait.
The head droops, the ears lop down, the
hind legs are scarcely lilted from the
cround. the patient cares not to move
but is left behind in the herd and soon
seeks a place to lie down If he is stand
ing the back is arched, the hind legs
straddled apart and carried forward be
neath the body, the fetlocks are partly
flexed, the muscles of the flank tremble
the belly becomes tucked up and the
head hangs very low. In the earlier
stages of the disease, when excited they
may chase the attendants for a distance
but as a rule they prefer to remain quiet
and often stand with their head pressed
hard against a fence or other immovable
object, while the body is swayed back
and forth. The pulse increases in the
rapidity of its beats, while the breath
ing is fast, irregular and oftimes labored
The urine in every instance was nearly
black and passed in small quantities
The opportunity did not offer to
take the temperature of the healthy
animals and those first snowin
signs of the disease; but, as has been
seen above, the temperature of thos
about to die was nearly normal 102,
One steer, which was first seen to be
sick on the morning of the 30th at
o'clock p. m., showed a temperature of
104 F. He was unconscious to all sur
roundings, breathing with rapid, jerking
respirations, the pulse scarcely percepti
ble and death evidently rapidly av
proaching. With the consent of the
owner he was knocked on the head and
a postmortem examination made at once
The left carotid artery was laid bare and
an attempt made to mi some common
glass tubes, which had been hermeti
caliy sealed and heated red hot, but the
blood coadjulated so readily that they
would not nil. The abdomen was then
opened, showing the fat in all parts
tinged witn a yeuowin brown color,
The spleen was enlarged in every direc
tion, and twelve hours after removal
weisrhed four pounds and ten ounces
It was softened and filled with a very
dark-colored blood. The liver was con
gested and larger than normal, but was
not weighed. The gall bladder was dis
tended with a dark brown viscid bile.
Both kidneys were nearly black and
filled with blood. Tne bladder
was about half filled with & very
dark, sticky urine. The small
intestines were congested throughout
and when washed showed that some of
the smaller blood vessels had ruptured.
The large bowels were congested in
patches and the lining membrane here
was very red. In the fourth stomach
were found marked congestiun and some
ulcers, varvinir in size from run l.p,l ir
ten cent silver piece. The manyply
was haed with green corn s'aiks. n-.
c, in a natural condition. The rumen
or paunch was rartlv tiled with fWl
and seemed entirely h'ealthv. The mt
was very dark brown in color, less firm
than in health, and possessed of the pe
culiar odor so often noticed in this dis
ease. The heart. lun and nervous sys
tem were not examined.
At what time and in what place these
animals became infected with the germs
ot tne lever are not known to me; but if
the information I have received bearing
on this point is correct, they must have
come in contact with the poison before
they were shipped from Caldwell; for I
m told that they went direct from the
point of loading to Kansas Citv
and that they were in the yards
there less than twenty-four hours,
and that the cattle betran to die
with this disease in less than fortv-eiiiht
hours after arriving in Kansas City. If
these statements are true, and the period
of incubation is not less than seven days,
as a rule, then these cattle were not in
fected after leaving Caldwell, but Mere
diseased at that time.
There is much apprehension felt bv the
people in the neighborhood regarding
the liability of the disease to spread to
other herds, and the probability, or pos
sibility, of permanently infecting for the
season the grounds over which these
animals have passed or shall pass. In
the light of past experience it would
seem to me that there is but one ques
tion to be answered regarding these
cattle, and that upon this answer must be
baed all future measures for the control
of the disease. If there are any Texas.
wild," "untamed" or "through" cattle in
the herd then surely they are a danger
ous lot; but if they are all "grades" or
native cattle, or if they have been win
tered north of the line of permanent
Texas fever infection, there is no danger
to be apprehended from their pretence.
I confess that my opinien as an expert
in judging of the nativity of these ani
mals might be valueless were we
to be confined to the external form of the
animal alone; but there are other evi
dences, I think, that these cattle are not
capable of spreading the disease. In the
farst place they all seem to be of nearl
the same grade, accustomed to each
other, and from appearances they have,
at least, been wintered together. If
they have been together for that length
of time, then the fact that the disease
has not appeared before this date, in a
atitude so lar south as the lerritory,
would seem to prove that none of these
animals were "Texas" cattle, capable of
conveying Texas fever. Another point
is, these cattle are all branded with tha
same brand and judging from the immense
bize of the scar, they must have been
branded when quite young at least two
years ago. it these cattle have an been
branded, but one year even, with the
came brand, they have no doubt been
together that length of time, and conse
quently cannot now be dangerous to
each other. Lastly, no sane man would
send Texas and native cattle to market
in the same bunch at this season of the
year, unless, perhaps, he knew they
would be butchered inside ot a week.
To send stock cattle to market
in such a way would simply invite
an inevitable disaster. i.he only con
clusion then to which we can come is
that there is ho danger to be appre
hended from this outbreak, further than
the losses which will be sustained in the
infected herd. How great these losses
may be cannot now be determined, but
judging from the appearance of the cat
tle last evening it is proDabie tne major
ity of the infected animals have already
died. About sixty-six had been buried
up to 6 o'clock last evening, and about
fifteen others were sick, ui these iast
fifteen several were improving and prom
ised to recover, so that it may be reason
able to hope the losses will not exceed
40 per cent, of the total number.
An experiment was accidentally insti
tuted during my presence on the infected
premises, if such they may be caned,
which in a few days time, should satisfy
every one as to the. probable danger oi
these animals infecting others. 1 refer
to the unexpected appearance on the
grounds over which all these animals
had passed of some of the town cattle.
If they become affected, then the whole
question of danger is settled.
1 am sir, your obedient servant,
A. A. Holcomb.
The Panama Canal and leads' Snip Railway.
The latest advices from Panama are
not all encouraging, and there is no
doubt thatthe digging of the canal has
not made the progre-s in the season now
coming to a close which was anticipated
a year ago, both by the officers of the
general company and by the contractors
The delay seems to be due entirely to
the local circumstances of disease, diffi
culty of repairs to machinery. The3e ob
stacles to progress are of importance in
the order mentioned, and it is also to be
feared will ever be present as constant
elements in the practicle solution of the
great problem set by M. De. Lesseps.
Meantime more machinery in large
quantities is still being shipped t the
Isthmus, increasing in great part the dead
capital on the spot. If more energetic
rneasu: es are not soon adopted to push
the work to a more promif-ing isdue,
Captain Lads will have considerably less
difficulty in raising the additional fuads
necessary to build his ship railway, the
building of which will certainly not in
volve the loss of life, which i- an unalter
able concomitant of the digging of the
canal. It is said that Captain Lads lias
been quite successful on his recent visit
to England ' in financially interesting
Englisti capitalists in his project, but au
thentic reports are not at hand. His
scheme has rec eived the indorsement of
the highest English naval and engineer
ing authorities, and inasmuch as such in
dorsement carries more weight with
capitalists in England than in our on .
country, we are quite ready to believe
the report that the bulk of the neces
sary capital is subscribed. It would add
to the many triumphs of Captain Ead3
if his ship railway would be an accom
plished lact before the canal is finished,
and it must be confessed that such an
outlook appears more probable-to-day
than a year or two ago.
"That Husband of Mine" wa3 lying
on the lap of a young married woman
on the train the other day when a base
ball dude and would-be masher leaned
over the seat, read the title of the book,
and then looking around in monkey
pantomime simpered out: "Ah! where is
he?" Minding his own business, I hope,'
was the crushing reply. Wilmington Star

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