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A FIRST RATE Advertising medium. PATRONIZE IT'S "AD" COLUMNS. JT HlLLiFSBURG VOL. XVIII, NO. 28 PHILLIPSBURG, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 6, 1897. $1.50 IN ADVANCE. HAVE m$B lit? dl II 0 1 Maria bv Western Mfflr. Co.. Kansas Cftv. Mo, Badger Riding Cultivators, Moline Dandy Cultiva tors, and all the best up-to-date farm imple ments. We have the finest line of buggies, car riages and spring wagons ever shown on this market. Your trade solicited. G. W. YOUNG & CO. Hi Fast Hail Ms RUIM9 4-DAILY TRAINS-4 i Atchison BCTwrxw i PULLM BUFtli :IKHG G1RS RECLINIKG CBMCARS(S) elegant parlor c&rs Iron Mountain Route THE ONLY LINE TO THE Famous Hot Springs o! Arkansas (THE CARLSBAD OF AMERICA.) All prinolpal olties 5r the United States ir reached via the Missouri Pacific Railway t C yr Your Nearest Asont for Tiokets HsI nd particulars, or address CHAS. E. STYLES, ran. Tlektlt. 1TCI1I50I, K1S. I. C. TOWNSEND. Ctn'l rai. 4 Tkt let.. ST. 1.01IS. Itt California ' CHICAGO, EOCK ISLAND & PACIFIC RT. Gives you the choice of Two Routes one via Colorado and the Scenic line, and the other via oar Texas line and the Southern Pacific Oar Texas line is much quicker than any other line through to SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA FOR Personally Conducted Excursions. THE PHILLIPS ROCK ISLAND EXCURSIONS Are the most popular, and carry the largest business of any other Cali fornia Route This signifies that you get the best attention and receive the best service. The lowest rate tickets to California are available on these excursions. Don't start on trip to California until you get our Tourist Folder, contain ing map showing routes and all in formation. For rates and reserva tions apply to any agent of the C. R. I. & P. Ry. or address Jno. Sebastian, G. P. A., Chicago Vianted-fln Idea WSo can thtafe of some slmpls Protect your Mn: thy may bring yon wealth. Writs JOHN WKDDERJiCRN CO, Patent Attor Bars, Waablnston, D. C. for their Si.SuO pries eaT 4 DM of two Auadftd iaTsatloo wwtad. tmug 10 ptMDW YOU First pub April 29-2w Road Notice. State of Kansas I Phillips Couuty Office of County Clerk, Aprils, 1897. Nntlin In hnrnhv irlvan that on the 14th day of April 18U7, a petition sinned by J. W. Hawk and 11 others, wbb presented to the board of county commissioners of the county and state aforesaid, praying for the establishment of a certain road, described as follows, viz: nirlnninir on the county line at the south east oorner of section ;U and south west cor ner of section Mi, town 5. suuth range 17 west; thenoe one and quarter miles uortb on or near the seotlon line as possible, road to iuterseut acertain road petitioned by D. M. UummiiiRS, which leaves section line at terminus of this road as petitloucd, SHid road to be 40 feet wide. Whnrnnnnn snld board of oounty commis sioners appointed the following named per sons, viz; K. Altuian, Adam Quanz, and John Inmnn as viewers, with instructions to meet, m conjunction witn tne county survey or at tho beginning of proposod roud in How Creok township on Saturday tho 15th day of May. A. D. lt7, and proceed to view said road, and give to all parties a bearing. By order of the Hoard of oouuty comuiH- 81 Self.8' I.D.THORNTON, County Clerk. By Lyman Matteson, Deputy, First pub Apr 211 1897-2 w. Road Notice. State of Kansas I Phillips couuty OfHoe of County Clerk, April SB. 1897. Notice Is hereby given that on the 17th day April 1MI7, a petition signed by trod Veeh and 13 others was presented to the board of county commissioners of the county and state aforesaid, praying for the establish ment of a curtain road described as follows, viz; rAmmnnnlllff ot tha BmUhWMt Mmflr Of SCO" Hon S. town J south, range 19 west; thenoe two miles south on or near tne section lineas pos sible. Board to terminate at the south west comer or section ia i i. Whereupon said board of county commi& .Innan Qi.nnltllltll thfl ft 1 1 InUrl I, IT nRITieri sons, viz: John Btoneman, Charley Carman and llenry Vincent as viewers, with instruct ions to meet in conjunction with the oounty surveyor at the beginning of proposed road in Belmont township, on Tuosday, the lath day of May, A. D. 1897, and proceed to view said roau auu give to an purue. n ucnuug. By order of the Board of County Commie slonera. (Seal) X. D. THOHNTON, Couuty Clerk. By Lyman Matteson, Deputy. t First pub April 29-2w. Road Notice. State of Kansas I Phillips Couuty Omannf HniintT Clerk. Annl it- IMD7 Notice is hereby given that on tho Hth day V a. ..11 1UU7 a natltlnit llirTlllH tlV .1. IV Thompson and 19 others, was presented to the board of oounty commissioners of the oounty ana state aioreuaiu, pruyiuic iur uicctiuoiwu ment of a certain road described as follows, , Amminnlni, at. thn nnrthfAflr enrner of seo tion as, town 5 south, range 17 west; thenoe nortn to tne noriueast uurner ui acunuu n town 6 south, range 17 west. Hoad to be on Ot as near section line as possible. Said road lupewiueiwiuv. Whereupon said board of county commis sioners appointed the following named per sons, viz: I.T. Williams, John Phillips and j. w. liawk as viewers, with instructions to meet, in conjunction with the oouuty survey or, at the beglnningof the proposed road in Bow Creek township, on Friday, the lh day of May, A. U. la7, and pioceed to view said road, and give to all parties a hearing. By order of the board of couuty commls- Sea' I. D. THORNTON. i County Clerk. I By Lyman Matteson, Deputy. ' Firit Publication April 22, 1897-6W. No 25901. TIMBER CULTURE, MM PROOF. NOTICK FOR PUBLICATION. United btates Land Office, Colby, Kan. I April 19. 1897. f "MOTICB Is hereby given that Robert D. Fogle 1N man hot filed notice of intention to make final proof before probate judge and ex-oillcio clerk of the probate court at bis ottice iu fhil liusburg, Kansas, on the 29th day of May, 1897, on timber culture application No. 11416, for the ne!4 of section No. 5, iu township No. i south, range No. 18 west. He name as witnesses: Milton Chapmas, Wil liam Chapman, Jesse . Pollard, of Phillipsburg, Kaunas, Ueirge Bantu. of.Crcw Kansas. s jAMEaN:FlKii.;Keglstr. Put your "ad" in the Hbald. MI 1L-1 N 11 il XUaasafcdSl CULTIVATOR ! ! ' ..:.- Gold by Druggists or sent by tnalL 26a, Wo. and $1.00 per paokage. Samples free. 1V llUtorthoWeothaadBreatli,5o. Captain Sweeney, P.8-A,Ban DlemvCal gays; "Sblloh'a Catarrh Remedy is the first medloine I have ever found that would do ma any good." Price 60 eta. Bold by Druggists. SHILOH'S CURE.' ' This Great Cough Ctm promptly ewtt where all others faiL For Cou.umptloa It has no rival,' has cured thousands, ana will crm TOO.U takeniatr). m.. CQgt -ILW YOU CAN CURE THAT COUGH WITH Eilert's Davlieht Liver fHUs A small vegetable pill. Cures Sick Headache, Constipation, Dyspepsia, all Bullous Ills and Disorders of the Rtomacl) Liver and Bowel;, FIrt Publication April 22, 1897-3W. Administrator's Notice. 8TATB OF KANSAS, I Phllllna ConntT. I 86 In the Probate Coart in and for tald county. In Die matter of the estate of I ' Silas Hull, deceased, f NOTICK Is hereby given that Letters of Ad' mliilntratlnn have been Granted to the uiv dertlgned on the estate of Silas Hall, late of said county deceased, by toe Honorable, the Probate Court of the County and State afore Iri. rt.tori thn 21at dav of Anrll. A. D. 18117 Now. all nersans having claims against the said tstate, sre hereby notified that they must present the same to toe undersigned lor allowance wnnin one Tear from the date of said Letters, or thoy mar be nrednded from anv benefit of such estate: and that if such claims be not exhibited wltbin three years after the date of said Letters, tney nail D lorever earrea. W. B. STRAIN, Administrator of the Estate of SILAS BULL, Deceased, DR. WINCHELUS TEETHING SYRUP Is the best medicine for all diseases Incident to -1.11.1 V. ..1.1.. luiwal.. DOalut. 1 JIFI CUIIUICII. It rirff UlnVliB .iiu uunii,p wooinw tlon; eures diarrhea and dysentery in the worst lunns; cures nine iiuwii i wn. yiv ventiveof diphtheria; quiets and soothes all pain Invigorates the stomach and boweh; corrects all acidity: will oure griping in tne ooweis ana wina ;ollc. Do not fatigue yourself and child with iiecpiess nignia wnen ins wiumi yuur rtasu hi -. . . .1,1 n n .t snatA vrm.V AMI Call III ll Oui3 juur riiiiu oiiu bio jrnu vu oi.i,.ftw.. Prepared by Emmart Praprlstarf Co., Chicago. Ill First Publication May , 1897 8w. Equalization Meeting. ftfOTICE i hereby given that the Board of a. l ounty uoromiaaiouera 01 runnpa cuiinijr, Kansas, will meet as a Board of Kouallzatlon of taxes on Monday, the 7th day of June, 1897, at the office o( tne uouuty i-iera oi aaia cuuuiy. All persons feeling themselves aggrieved m reason of the assessment or valuation of tbeli nrnnertv ratnrned bv the Assessor, should an pear before said Board of Equalization and have a nearmg upon sucn grievance at iuai nine. ISEALJ I. D. THORNTON, County Clerk. Township Trustees. I am prepared to drive piles, con' traot for and bnild bridges, on short notice and will do tne work at reason able ratos. Call on or address me at Phillipsburg. P. J. Cbookham. filacksmithing, plow repairing wagon work of all kinds promptly and neatly done at Goodman's. Shop east of the Bjsaell House. 01 0 n . . ...'The Famous F rom the Literary Digest. Dominant Forces in Western Life." The importance of the old North west Territory the present States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Miobigan, and Wisconsin was brought sharply to view in the last Presidential eleotion. Prof. Frederick J. Turner, of the University of Wisconaiu, presents (Atlantic Monthly, April) a etudy of the growth of conditions which pre vail in that section. The valua of such astody is emphasized by these statements, showing the pruaeut pow er of the old Northwest: ''Sincel8G0 the center of population of the United States has rented within its limits, and the center of manufac turing in the nation lies eiht miles from President McKinley's Ohio home Of the seven men who have been eloo- ted to the Presidency of the United States since 1860, six have come from the old Northwest, and the seventh come from the kindred region of western New York. The congres sional ltepresentatives from these five states of the old Northwest al ready outnumber those from the old Middle States, find are three times as numerous as those from New Eng land. ... "The States of the old Northwest gave to MoKinley a plurality of over 307,000 out of a total vote of about 3, 734,000. New England and the Mid dle State together gave him a plural ity of 979,000 in about the same vote, while the farther West gave to Bryan a decisive net plurality. It thus ap pears that the old NortnweHt occupi ed the position of a polittnnl middle region between East and Wefit. The significance of this position is mani fest when it is recalled that this sec tion is the child of the East and the mother of the Popnlistio West." In reviewing the social origins of these States, Professor Turner traoes the currents of emigration during the formative period. He finds in Ohm Indiana, and Illinois, prior to 1850, that the emigration from the South, adapting ilulf to natural conditions, took the foremost ground of influence. The streams from Northern States fol lowed later industrial developments of the Erie Canal and railroad lines. Wisconsin received a very large num ber of Germans, who constitute a dif ferent element from the population coming from Eastern sources. It is pointed out, however, that the East ern influx came from western New York and the pioneer sections of New England, and not from the seacoust'. After the middle of the century the old national turnpike, marked by the oitiesof Columbus, Indianapolis, St. Louis, and Vaidalia, marked a kind of line between the Southern and Northern streams struggling for dom inance in the territory, and the dif ferences between the "North and the South came to a head here. This time of trial gave to the region, eventually, much homogeneity and self-consoious-ness, but Professor Turner considers that the changes in social conditions since the war have been almost revo lutionary in their rapidity and extent, hence of more social importance in many respects than those iu the years r-T?----rt-- 7. ."7"' ' , , , ', , hi n E3ve novel gCu oommnnly referred to as the forma tive period. So that the Northwest today "iiQds herself again ; between contending forces, sharing the inter- eats of JiHut aud West as onoe before (hose of North aud South, and foroed to give her voice ou issues of equal significance for the destinies of the ltepublio." ' iSrieuy, Unio baa leaped to a front rank among the manufacturing States of the Union, has no preponderant Booiul center, and a third of her peo ple are of .foreign; parentage. The New England element is strongly re flected in Cleveland. Indiana fol lows the industrial type of Ohio, with a Southern element to differentiate her. The Southern element also re veals itself in .the Democratic south west counties of Illinois, while north ern Illinois holds a larger propor tion of descendants of New England. About half of her population is of foreign parentanoe. Chicago stands as the type of Northwestern develop ment for good and for evil, "the rep resentative power and genius for aot ingof the middle West;" and "the State of Illinois will be the battle ground for social and economic ideala for the next generation." Miohigan is two States. The lower peninsula is the daughter of New xork, over twelve per cent of the present popu lation having been born in that State. In Wisconsin nearly three fourths of the inhabitants are of foreign parent age, the Hermans constituting the larger part, with Scandinavians seo- ond . The social history of the timber areas of this State presents the com mon phenomenon of position in wealth and politics attained by "cap tains of industry." ProfesHor Turner lays stress upon the difference between the story of the political leaders who remain in the place of their birth and share its economio changes, and that of those who, by moving to the West, con' tinue on a new area the old eooial type The typical Western politician has knpt one stage ahead of the sooial transformation of the West; ' If the reader Woqld see a picture of the representative Jtiansan Popu list, let him examine the family por traits of the Ohio farmer in the mid die of this century. In a word, the Populist is the Amerioan farmer who has kept in advance of the : economio and social transformations that have overtaken those who remained behind. While, doubtlss, investigation into the ancentry of the Populists and silver men who came to the prairies from the old Northwest would show some proportion of Southern origin, yet the center of discontent seems to have been among the men of the New England and western New Jtork oar- rent. If New Eogland looks with care at these men, she may recognize in them the familiar lineaments of the embattled farmers who fired the shot heard round the world. The continuous' ndvanne of this pioneer stock from New England has pre served for us the older type of th pioneer of frontier New England. I do not overlook the powerful trans forming influences of the wilderness operating on this stock ever since it left the earlier frontier farms to fol low np the valleys of western Con necticut. Massachusetts, and Ver mont, into western New York, and Ohio, into Iowa, and out to the arid D'aihs of western Kansas and Nebras ka; nor do. I overlook the peculiar industrial conditions of the prairie States. But I desire to insist upon fifullOilS ekiEO Itivator ! has many, bu they are poor things when com pared with the genuine. Don't hug an imitation of the Ohio, when you can get the genuine at no higher price, of THE HARDWARE DEALERS. Ihe other truth, also, that these west ward immigrants, keeping lor gener ations iu advance of the transforming industrial aud social foroes that have wrought so vast a revolution in the older regions of the East which they left, oonld not but preserve important aspects 01 the older farmer type, la the arid West these pioneers have ha.tea and nave turned to precoive -an altered nation and changed sooial ideals. ; They see the sharp contrast between their, traditional idea of America, as the land of opportunity, ths land of the self-made man, free from class distinctions and from the power' of wealth, and the existing America, so nnlike the earlier ideal. If we follow back the line of march of the Puritan farmer, we shall see how responsive he has always been to tarns, and how persistently he has re sisted encroachments on his ideal, of individual opportunity and democ racy, m is the prophet of tne 'high er law' in 'bleeding Kansas' before the Uivu war. lie is the prohv- -bitionist of Iowa and Wisconsin, cry ing out against German customs as an invasion of his traditional ideals. He is the granger of Wisconsin, pass ing restrictive railroad legislation. He is the abolitionist, the anti-Mason, the -Millerite, the woman-suffragist, the t Spiritualist, the adherent of Joseph Smith, of western New York. Fol low him to his New England home in the days of Shave's rebellion, paper money, stay and tender laws, and land banks. The radicals among ' these New England farmers hated lawyers and capitalists. 'I would not trust them,' said Abraham White, ia the ratification convention of Massa chusetts, in 1788, 'tho every one of them should be a Moses.' 'These lawyers,' cried Amos Singletary, 'and men of learning and moneyed men. that talk bo finely and gloss over mat ters so smoethly to make us poor il literate people swallow the pill, ex pect to get into Congress themselves!! They mean to get all the money into, their hands, and then they will swal low np all us little folk,' like the leviathan, Mr. President; yea, last as the whale swallowed np Jonah.' fit the voice of Mary Ellen Lease sounds raaoons to the New England man today, while it is sweet mnsio in . the ears of the Kansas farmer, let him ponder the utterances of these, frontier farmers in the days of the. Revolution; and if he is still doubtful of this spiritual kinship, let him read! the words of the levelers and sectar ies of Cromwell's army. . ; . . . "Looking at the Northwest aa a whole, one sees that, in the character of its industries and in the elements of its population, it is identified on the east with , the zone of States in cluding the middle region and New Eogland. Cotton culture and the negro make a clear line of division between the old Northwest and the South.: And yet in important bis- ; torical ideals in the movement of expansion, in the persistence of agri cultural interests, in impulsiveness, to imperialistic ways of looking at the Amerioan destiny, in hero-worship ' in tho newness of its present sooral structure the old Northwest ban much in common with the Booth and! the far West "Behind her ia the old pfoneer past of simple democrat condition, and1 freedom of opportunity for all men. Before her to a superb industrial de velopment, the brilliancy of success 84 evinced in a vast population, aggre gats wealth, and sectional power,"'