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SIGHT MAKES MIGHT
That Is the Opinion of Many in Re gard to China. M Army Officer Explains Why He Mm Sure That the Armies of the Civilized World Will Con . uer China'i MUllont. fSpeclal w'ashlngton Letter. 'E WAS a marvelously gifted writer who declared that "old thinirs have passed away; be- Hiold.allthingsarebecome new." In the mutations of time the changes in our environments are wonderful, and so also are the changes in ourselves. One who was blessed with the philo sophic instinct and the training of a seer, and also gifted with the inspira tion of poetry, penned the oft-quoted lines: ! have dipped into the future far as hu- man eye can see. Saw a, vision of the world, and all the - woriders that shall be, "When the war drum throbs no longer, and ; the battle flags are furled, Jn the Parliament of Man, the federation of the world." Bat even that seer could not know -that nations should furl their battle dBags and muffle their drums; thatthere should be universal conferences! look ing to the conservation of universal in ternational peace; and that again and .again the war drums should throb and the battle flags be waved on high, with htrtndreds of thousands of men in battle array, nation against natiott, fighting like savage beasf s for supremacy over apparently desirable portions of the icrnst of the perishable earth. But there shall be wars and rumors of wars for manj'.years before the ad vent of that millennium for which myr iads of rhen and women have prayed. In the development of the great plan of which we know so little right and wrong must clash and oftentimes the "wrong must seem to triumph, only to spur on to greater endeavor those who persist in forcing the right into the van of the battlefield of human endeavor. Very 'few people think of the fact that, divinely inspired and projected though it was, Christianity groveled in the obscurity of the world for 300 years lefore it was made respectable by its acceptance in Rome and its enthrone ment on equality with the scepter of the Caesars. Ten generations of men and women lived and suffered and died without seeing any sign of an answer j to their prayers. Capt. Whittleton, an old army officer who has served his country long and swell, and who still renders efficient aerice in a quiet way in one of the great executive departments, discussing- the conditions in China to-day said : . fThere is a great element in human affairs which the most effective and ef ficient soldiers never take into calcu lation. It is probably just as well that they do not,, but rely apparently upon their own endeavors.' I am not a reli-g-ionLS"U but simply1 a man of affairs, and one who has seen the terrible -power of Right when arrayed against "Wrong in the struggles of mankind in this world. In the actual combat there is a power with those who are right, which makes them invulnerable to su perior numbers, and which enables men -to almost accomplish miracles without realizing that they are doing a work which is greater than their own con option of the duties of the hour. "It is on this account that the mil lions in China have no terrors for me. CHARGING UP LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN. "What they have done is wrong. Thej laave outraged all civilization by their -treatment of the diplomatic ministers of the nations of the world. They have leen wrong in their indiscriminate massacres of innocent women and chil dren. They are as wrong to-day, as King Herod when he ordered and con summated the slaughter of the inno ents. ; : Because they are wrong, they will be made to suffer, and the nations of the world need not be intimidated with their vast numbers. Mn private life, without the incentive -to Io something for the right, no con siderable number of men could be in winced to go on a picnic and climb the rugged heights of Lookout mountain on the coolest and most pleasant day of the year. And yet I saw thousands of men climb those heights on a hot .afternoon, in the face of a terrific and well-directed fire of capable men who wtfe defending the mountain. They were inspired with a purpose, believing -that they were right, and they went on ward and upward until they were lighting- above the clouds. , Every man .knew that death and wounds must be inevitable, and that all were amenable -to JLe stern law of impact and impinge EscBt when the shot and shell and minie Iraliei were singing and ringing above about them. But there was no fal tering; of individuals, no wavering of t.he lines. 51oreover, I have seen mule teams, during war times, pulling loads I,i7agh mud and mire and . accom plishing what even the dumb brutes could not have been driven to attempt under ordinary conditions.1 "Why did 27,000 Spanish soldiers at Santiago surrender to 16,000 American soldiers, when the Spaniards were en trenched and the Americans were pn the outside and in the trenches? It was because those American soldiers repre sented the invincible power of Right, and those who were in the wrong knew it. Moreover, preceding circumstances manifesting the power of right princi ples made destiny so apparent that even the Spanish government at Mad rid saw the handwriting on the wall and authorized that surrender. Other wise the hundred thousand Spaniards under command of Gen. Blanco might until this day have been carrying on war, living on the country, and baffling superior numbers. The surrender at Santiago was the consummation of a great plan, far above and beyond human knowledge.' The soldier-philosopher went on to say: "In the preliminary develop ment of this new world, the Spanish freebooters under De Soto, Cortes, Pizarro, and the rest, were an essential element. But when their time came to make way for better men and purer de signs those Spanish freebooters had to give way. It was the culmination of their destiny that they should be de- THE INVASION OF CHINA. f eated by a small army in Cuba, and driven from this hemisphere because right makes might. '"Now as to China: she is like the man that hid his talent under a bush el. The centuries have come and gone and she has not increased her talent. She has lived behind her wall of selfish ness and declined to see the cross. Finally, in desperation of supreme self ishness, she has resorted to the sword in a most cowardly and brutal manner; and she shall perish by the sword. "In one of your recent letters you said that China can send 60,000,000 sol diers into the field. That is very true; but it is not the whole truth. China can raise such a.n army, and can equip the men with modern guns and ammu nition, but China cannot give . those men the inspiration of being right. The Philistines produced the Goliath, but David, having right on his side, needed only his sling and five smooth stones from the brook." All of this, uttered with great em phasis and considerable vehemence, was interesting and philosophically correct. But it 'overlooks the element of right on the side of China; the in vasion of her seclusion by methods and teachings, unwelcome and ex asperating. It is an assumption to as sert that China has buried her talent under a bushel, because we have no means of knowing what progress China has made during all of the centuries of her existence. We have only a very su perficial knowledge of her true his tory. One of the officials of the department of state to whom these observations were narrated said: "The government at Washington has been considering the question of right and wrong from the beginning. There is no better aphorism in diplomacy than to 'be sure you are right, and then go ahead.' Days and weeks went slowly by, the whole world being in anxiety concern ing our representatives on Chinese soil, and almost two months elapsed before the government at Washington said to China that her conduct was 'unf riend ly.' Even that mild declaration of na tional and international purpose was ignored by China. What provocations the government at Peking may assume to have had cannot now be considered. If provocations there were, China could have ordered that all negotia tions with the remainder of the world should be broken off, and the diplo matic ministers and foreign residents could have been requested to depart. Whatever of right China had has been obscured by the great wrong which she has done. China seems to have ac celerated the date for her dismem berment, or for her humiliation. The nations of the world cannot endure what has been done without resent ment and punishment." These men, who reason from the standpoint of great experience in af fairs, seem to believe that in the pass ing away of old things ancient China is to become a memory with a history, and that the nations of the world will have power to open that vast country to the free access of the pioneers of the civilization of the orient. If it is so written, we shall witness this marvel of the beginning of the cen tury, and with our own eyes see that "old things have passed away, and all things are become new." SMITH D. FRY. Thoughtful. "No," said the lady prisoner, "I cannot show you the bottle in which J I carried the vitriol, as it was broken in the affray, but before I used it I had it photographed. I will give you one of the pictures at once!" Such thoughtful appreciation of the demands of journalism was sure to raise in behalf of the accused, a power ful influence not to be ignored. In dianapolis Press, 9 5 '- EVAPORATING CORN. An CSective Arrangement Which Any Man or Boy Handy with ' Tool Can Make. As the time to put up green corn for winter is at hand, I will give my way. If the corn is gathered at just the right stage, that is when it is perfectly tender, it is nicer than any brand of canned corn I ever bought. Gather the corn early in the morn ing, so that a lot of it can be got ready by noon. Put a wash boiler or COMMON SENSE EVAPORATOR. a large-sized lard can half full of water on the stove. Husk the corn and pick very clean of silks. When the water boils put in the corn, let ting it remain for 15 or 20 minutes; or just as soon as the milk is set take out quickly. Put in more corn, adding more water from time to time as is accessary. The water should cover the corn; only be sure the wa ter is boiling when corn is put in. When cool enough remove corn from the cob by first cutting the thinnest possible slice off the ends of the grain with a sharp knife; then scrape with a dull knife until all the pulp and chit are scraped out. This leaves all the husk of the grain on the cob. The corn is now ready for the evap orator and will dry in 24 hours if proper heat is kept up. If covered tightly until cool and then placed in paper meal bags that have been sub jected to heat in the evaporator,, and put in a tight box or drawer, or some other dark, dry place it will keep until corn comes again. No worms will get into it. I will give plans for an evaporator which any man or boy handy with tools can make. If the evaporator cannot be made the corn can be dried in the sun, but it must be subjected to heat before putting away. Get a goods box two feet square and three feet high. Take out one end and one side. Bore six two-inch holes in top and tack on screen wire. Nail cleats 2yz inches apart on sides to hold up trays, which should be made iys inches shorter than box, so that every other tray can be pushed back, and the others pulled forward, so as to give a chance for distribution of heat. Then a door is made of the boards that come out of the side of the box so as to close all up tight. Now set four posts 7y3 feet above ground, just far enough apart to admit box; next build a furnace as per plan. Then board up inside posts and set box on top. A layer of rock or brick must be laid between the furnace and the boards to prevent them taking fire. Use an old stove door to close up front of furnace, propping it up about an inch at the bottom for draft. This evap orator can be used for drying all kinds of fruit. Rural World. THE MARKET GARDEN. Remove the' seed-bearing tops from asparagus to prevent added plants from seed. For new beds, fall plant ing answers, on sandy or well-drained soil. To make a wet garden dry, and get rid of a surplus of coal ashes: Dig a trench across the upper end and down one side two feet deep, fill to within ten inches of the top with coal ashes, level down the ground. To get choice egg plant seed, se lect a few. of the finest plants in the patch, pick off all but two or three of the best fruits and let these grow until they are dead ripe. Keep all new bloom on these plants from set ting fruit. All garden varieties of beans in a ripe state are much superior to white field beans for the table. Gather and dry immediately they are ripe. Se cure late green beans before frosts, salting down the surplus for winter use. Select for seed the largest pods that are the lowest on the stem, or if some hills have been left for seed take only the best. Farm Journal. Plant More Peach..-Trees. There should be more peach or chards, and the sections in which peaches have not given good results may now prove suitable, as the aban donment of the peach for several years also obliterates the diseases. In some localities, where the peach formerly failed, good results are now reported. Peach trees may be plant ed closer together than apple or pear trees, and they come into bearing when three years old, some varieties earlier. It is claimed that if a peach orchard gives but one good crop in four years it will pay for the experi ment. x t FOOD FOR REFLECTION, Millions Are Waited Every Tear ia Repairing? Roads Which Were Worthless to Bealn With. : TEere is food for thought in the report of the Maryland geological sur vey for 1S99. In the first place -we are told that the people of Maryland have expended during tne last ten years upon the so-called construction and repair of their own roads, the sum of no less than $6XK)0,CO0. It seems that the greater part of this money has been frittered away in the attempt to repair roads which . have been poorly laid out in the first place, and for the lack vof certain necessary engineering qualifications can, in the nature of things, never be made, into good roads. As, an instance of this it may be mentioned that many of the common roads have no natural drainage. We are told that most of them are in a poor condition for a part of the year, and some of them for the whole 12 months. As the result of a careful estimate made by the survey, it is shown that the farmers of the state of Maryland expend $3,000,000 a year more on their hauling over the present poorly built highways than would be necessary if the hauling were done on first-class roads. These figures are to be com pared with the information collected by the department of agriculture in 1S95, when, as the result of data re ceived from 1,200 counties in various parts of the United States, it was ascertained that the average cost' of hauling one ton for one mile over country roads was 25 cents; which was just three times as much as the aver age cost of hauling over the improved macadam roads of six European coun tries. If this large sum of money represents the loss to the state of Maryland from poor roads, it is easy to say that the total loss throughout the whole United States represents a figure so great that it must have an important bearing upon the prosper ity of the country at large, and par ticularly upon the farming interests as such. " At first sight it seems incredible that in. a country so progressive as ours the condition of the common roads should be over half a century behind, that of the old world. It is true that the vast extent of the United States, and the great mileage of our roads in some states relative to the density of the population, may be offered as an excuse for our back wardness; but while this plea may hold good as regards the thinly popu lated western and southern states, it cannot be applied to the older, more populous and wealthy sections of the country. Scientific American. POINTING FENCE POSTS. A Little Contrivance That Will Be Appreciated by All Who May Give It a Fair Trial. For pointing fence posts, secure a forked sapling (a) eight feet long and three. inches in diameter. Just below the fork insert two tough oak legs six or eight inches from the fork through FENCE-MAKING HELPER. li2-inch holes, so the feet will be five feet apart on the ground. For hewing, use any block or stump, as at b. In cutting, use a double bit ax of Zy2 pounds weight, one edge very thin, the other thick enough to withstand any contact with knots. In the absence of a natural fork, use two pieces of good timber (c c) two inches square and ten inches long. Bevel one end to give the proper spreads Nail or bolt these to the end of an eight-feet piece, making an artificial fork. A. Byers, in Farm and Home. THE THINKING PERSON. Exercising; the Brain a Little Saves Many Steps and a Lot of Unnec essary Effort. It is surprising how people will frit ter away time and take thousands of unnecessary steps because they do not exercise their brains a little. I have seen men make four trips from the house to the barn to get four little things they needed. I have seen women make six trips between the table and pantry in moving six little things, three from each place, when the whole could have been done in one trip. I have seen them go into every room in getting ready to go to town or to church. Dress would be in one room, collar in another, hair pins in another, hat in another, then back to the first room for a handkerchief, and so on, until they had walked nearly half a mile; and when they were ready to start they would be sweat ing and "all tired out!" I have seen: men leave the doubletrees, clevis or a chain a quarter of a mile down the field, and an hour later have to walk down there to get them. By keeping our wits about us all the time we can save a multitude of steps and hours of time every week. An old farmer once said to his son: "Don't take a step, John, until yon see whether you can save two or three. Do one thing" going and another coming if you pos sibly can. Don't wear yourself out unnecessarily!" Farm and Fireside, M'KINLEY'S WAR RECORD. A Thrilling- Incident of the Battle of , Antietam in Which He Was the Central Fignre. "There are some romances of war which almost reconcile one to its grim tragedies, because war alone can weave the threads and develop the qualities of heroes," said a writer in Success. "The civil was had scarcely broken out when a sturdy lad of 17 walked into the recruiting office of John, C. Fre mont, tihe great pathfinder, in an Ohio town. "He- simply asked to be enlisted and sent to the front. His eagerness was noticed by the veteran plainsman, who spoke kindly to him and ordered that his name be enrolled. "There began a life romance which culminated in the white house. The boy was William McKinley. He was assigned t o the Twenty-third Ohio regi ment, of which Rutherford B. Hayes was colonel. "At Antietam came an incident which, in my opinion, is one of the most thrilling of that awful war. Lee had pushed his victorious legions1 into Maryland. Stonewall Jackson was by his side. Longstreet was in the front of the fight all on the southern side. On the northern side were McClellan and Sheridan, grimly contesting every foot of the advance. On the first day of the battle, September 17, 1S62, the troops on both sides fought with, such desperation that no less than 23,'C00 men were wounded or killed. On the second day, from early morning, Lee's terrific fire was directed upon the fed eral line, which had been turned against his right. On the banks of the creek, to the left of the bridge, was the Twenty-third Ohio. Col. Hayes had been wounded shortly before, at South Mountain, so he was not in command of his regiment this day. He was in the village a few miles to the rear, watching the smoke of battle in agon ized unrest. Gen. Scammon was in command in his stead. Away to the rear was the commissary sergeant of the regiment, waiting- for orders. As the hot and dusty day wore on and evening fell this sergeant grew impa tient to be at the front, not to fight, but to carry food and drink to his ex hausted comrades, who had had neither breakfast nor dinner. Finally he hooked up two wagons, called for volunteer drivers, and started for the fronrt with out orders. Ashe approached the front one team of mules was shot down. With the other he pushed on, braving the leaden hail and the bursting shells, and succeeded in reaching the boys of his command. "How they cheered him as he drove up! A few minutes later Gen. Scam- "HOW THEY CHEERED HIM AS HE DROVE UP." mon rode up to ascertain the cause of the cheering. Instead of reprimanding the boy, he thanked him for his thoughtfulness and bravery and per mitted him to distribute the refresh ments under fire. With his own hand Sergt. McKinley for it was he--passed around cups of steaming hot coffee and liberal rations of bread and meat. The fight was maintained right along. The battle proved to the north that Lee could be defeated. "Col. Hayes was so pleased when he heard of tMs exploit that he asked Gov. Todd, of Ohio, to commission the boy a lieutenant. This was done Sep tember 24, 1862. "Thus in one brave boy's life there has been a triple icraiance his enlist ment by a presidential candidate, his recommendation by another man who becamepresident for a commission, and finally his own accession to the chief magistracy of the nation." Didn't Know the Article. Some people from the city were camping on the shore of a little lake in Vermont. One day two young la dies of the party went to the nearest store and asked for deviled ham. Of course the rural proprietor did not keep such a wicked-sounding article. After the young ladies had gone out a loafer said to the proprietor: "What on airth'd them gals want?' "Land 'f I know," was the reply. "Some hellish stuff or 'nuther." Judge. Worse Than Ballets. A soldier of the Twentieth Kansas tells this story at the expense of a fellow-soldier: "When we were sent out on the firing-line, Pete Hogan was lying behind a tree, out of the way of bullets. All at once he yelled out like a wild man: 'Captain, I cannot stand these darned ants biting me all the time! Zip! A bullet passed close to his body. 'On second thoughts, cap tain he yelled, 'I can stand them!' Saa Francisco Argoaaut. - PICTURES OF THE SLAIIT. Grewaome Enterprise of a Case Hard ened Pliotograplter Who Took "Sittings" of the Dead. There are those who recall entertain ingly recollections of photographing the dead. With one of these the nar rator is acquainted, and in a recent conversation he indulged in tales of experiences that are worth repeating, says the Philadelphia Times. Said he: "I first took pictures of the dead on the battlefield of Antietam. It was a warm September morning, three days after the great fight. I had a boy with me to assist in preparing the chemicals. He only worked for an hour. With boysh curiosity he went poking about and picked up an unexploded shell. He was then on the bank of a creek about half a mile off. I never knew how it happened, but the bomb exploded and almost blew him to pieces "It would be useless to go over the scene of that carnage again to tell of the ghastly aftersights of that awful fight, which made so many widows and orphans. I was neTvous and excited, and you can depend it did not tend to quiet my nerves when I unwittingly PHOTOGRAPHING THE DEAD. planted one leg of the camera stand on the chest of a dead union drummer boy. By some meanshe had been part ly buried in a patch of soft soil. Noth ing was visible but the buttons of his blouse and one foot. A 'dark-room was improvised by hanging heavy army blankets from the limbs of a low tree, and after taking fournegatives I packed up my traps and started for Philadel phia. It was a slow and dangerous journey, but I ma,de it safely and began print ing pictures. They sold like wildfire at 50 cents and one dollar each. I was nearly $2,000 in pocket in less than two weeks and determined to repeat the programme after the. next big battle. It came with Fredericksburg. My an xiety to get a view of the field after the retreat of the union army led to trouble. I was captured by three con federate stragglers and taken down the Rappahannock in a rowboat. They suspected me of being a spy, I suppose, and the photographing apparatus merely a blind. At any rate the valu able camera, chemicals, jars and ev erything else were dumped into the river. I was taken before Gen. Lee, personally, and charged with being a spy. No explanation availed anj-thing. It was not believed that I was a photog rapher. One of Gen. Lee's staff I think his name was Murray proposed that I should be tested. An aid de camp galloped off and procured the necessary apparatus and I photo graphed the general and his entire staff on a day cold enough to freezethe words in a man's mouth. The oflicers were evidently impressed with the idea of my innocence. A short consultation followed, and then Gen. Lee himself said to me: 'Sir, it appears that you are simply engaged in earning a liveli hood, and I believe honestly. You are at liberty.' I was blindfolded, put back in the boat and landed within 20 miles of where Burnside had his wint er quar ters. From that day to this I never knew where I was. Here is; the picture of Lee and his staff," and the photog rapher exhibited the faded likeness which had probably saved his life. COL. BOB AND GEN. LEE. An Old Army Mule That Obeys Mili tary Orders- and Needs 'So Driving- Lines. A military mule and a military negro driver are curiosities of the street cleaning department, and when the pair get a Bay street assignment they command lots of attention. A reporter was near the corner of Bay and Hogan streets the otheT day when Col. Bob, the negro, and Gen. Lee, the mule, came -to empty the garbage barrels, says the Florida Times-Union and Citizen. "Halt!" rang out in stentorian tones, and caused everybody to look up. CoL Bob hoisted the barrel and the mule tried to' kick a ffy from his nose with Ms hind hoof. " 'Tention!" called Col. Bob in military accents, and the-mule pricked up his ears and threw his head high in the air. When the garbage had been collected Col. Bob wished to cross the street, and, shouldering his spade, he called "Right wheel, forward march!" and without glancing at the mule Col. Bob marched across the street and Gen. Lee wheeled around and crossed over, until the cry "Halt!" again greeted his long ears. When the dump cart had been filled Col. Bob mounted the seat and called "Tention, parade dress, step lively now," and without requiring Col. Bob to touch the lines the mule took the right side of the street and went off at a quiet trot. Gen. Lee was formerly an army mule and was purchased by the city whea the soldiers- left Jacksonville at the close of the Spanish-American war. Col. Bob was a truckman in the com missary department and drove Gen Les during the encampment hers.