Newspaper Page Text
By W. CLARK RUSSELL. Copyrijht. 1WT. by P. F. Collier.- CHAPTER IX. The Bellona. The pleasure craft Pope had board ed was by no means a rich one. Her name was the Bellona; she was from Tercelra; the countess and two nieces had been left to winter among the oranges and sweet winds of an is land. The Earl had several occasions to eo home; one was a parliamentary need, and lo! behold his lordship's stately figure In the thick of his das tardly crew, being rowed away by pi rates to a little armed brig, while the two captains sacked his vessel. But they found very little. The hairy scoundrels grew wanton In dis appointment and roared out blasphe mies as they smashed the mirrors and ripped through the cushions with their cutlasses. It was almost dark when they had secured the available plunder, among which was a considerable store of provisions, fine wine, brandies, and champagne, and a small quantity of live stock, chiefly poultry. The booty was taken on board the brig by Crys tal. Pope remained with a few men to provide for the extermination of the pleasure craft. In a small carpenter's chest In the forecastle they found an auger. With this tool one of the sail ors who understood carpentry, was dispatched by Pope into the hold, there to drill to starboard and larboard, four holes under water In the vessel's side. While the wretch was thus employed, the others lighted a lantern and hoist ed it by the signal halyards to the main topmast head. After the holes had been bored, they all stood a minute at the coamings ofthe batch to listen to the noise of the water running In. Then Pope sings out: "In with us, men." And dropping into the boat, they rowed aboard the brig. The crew of the Bellona were "You shall be tent massed In the forepart It went swift ly about that the schooner had been scuttled; and the pirates overhung the bulwarks waiting for her to go down. At last she sank. She had filled rapidly, and the melting out of her shadowy shape, and the downward flight of her lantern and Its sudden extinction In the smoky gloom which overlay the sea, made an ocean vision that had enough of awe, mystery and terror In it to subdue Into brief si lence even the swarm of rough black guards who watched. The brig was rounded away for the course which John Spaniard was to traverse, and Captain Pope, stepping up to the Earl, made him a polite bow, and begged the honor of his com pany at supper In the cabin. The nobleman followed the captain and they sat down to a meal of cold food which had been plundered from the snow. Champagne and wine were put upon the table by the cabin man; the Earl knew to whom those bottles had belonged. "I would thank you, Captain Pope, as I gather your name Is," ho said, "to tell me how you propose I am to return home, and when?" "We must wait upon the chances of the sea, my lord," replied Pope In his pleasantest manner. "Your person Is safe." The Earl made a stiff motion with his head. "We're Ill-used gentlemen," says Crystal, breaking In with a hiccough. "Would have us starve ashore when there are plenty of rich pearly oys ters washing along at sea waiting for our cutlasses to open them?" "You do not spare your fellow-countrymen?" says the EarL "We have none," answered Pope, grimly. "Poverty has no country. Th'a Is excellent champagne; let me SI your lordship's glass." "Where are you bound to, gentle then?" said the Earl. "To the devil, I fear!" answered Pope. "Clear that stuff up," continued he, addressing the cabin man, "and put fiddles upon the table." The supper was ended. Crystal, with a bottle of champagne in his head, withdrew to his nvrrow couch. Pope said: , 'I little thought this bumble cabin Captains Copyright, 1897. by Dodd, Head Co. would have been honored by the pres ence of so great a nobleman. T6u are doubtless fatigued after the events of the day; would your lordship like to withdraw?" "Where am I to sleep?" says the Earl, with a start, revolving his great nose slowly In a survey of the plain Interior. "There," answered Pope, pointing, "Is a comfortable little berth your lordship is an old soldier a bolster and a blanket " Lord Fitzglbbon waved his hand, upon which Pope, strangely enough for the first time, took notice of a very handsome ring. "My lord," says the captain with a change of face, "I must trouble you to give me that ring." It seemed for a moment as though the Earl would expostulate, then with such a countenance as one might con ceive on a Judge who by some scurvy transition of fortune is convicted by the felon he should have sentenced, he drew oft the splendid ruby,- and Captain Pope with a bow put it in his pocket. ."See to his lordship's wants," said Pope to the cabin servant; "that's hi3 berth," and he went on deck. "Where are the schooner's people?" he asked. "Some are below In the 'tween decks," was the answer. Some, Including the lord's valet, were forward. The captain of the schooner had been knocked about. "On an empty stomach, as I reckon, the bloomed cuss had taken In half a pint of gin, forced to It by the good nature of our men. This set him abus in' of our callln' and I hope his left eye ain't been quenched." "Did he make a good stand?" "As good as a man can make agin five too many, himself mucked up with liquor." "He shall Join us if he Is a fighter," said Pope, "and we'll send John adrift. I want more men." home," said Pope. Crystal had been in charge from midnight till four. He was now turned in again, bravely snoring to the melody of the tiller ropes, and the ugly devil Grindal walked the deck. When the dawn broke he turned his gaze astern, and the first sight he betield was a large ship full-robed to the very height of her main-royal. Good thunder! A Yankee," says tne boatswain; he had the most in terpretlng eye for a ship that ever villain winked. She was coming up hand over fist, a noble sight as her stirless sails, sweetly shadowed, soft as penciling at their leeches, by the growing light In the east, swelled like yearning breasts one above an other, bowing stately to each white leap of water which blew in mist from the thrust of the stem, blackening the canvas forward. Many besides the boatswain were now watching her meteoric passage; among them was the Earl, who looked as If he had not slept, and Captain Pope. "Captain Pope!" exclaimed the Earl, with majestic fervor, "would it not be possible for you to transfer me and my people to yonder vessel? She would receive me for the considera tion I would offer." "We will keep you for that consid eration," answered Pope. "We are now your friends, and you know we are gentlemen In need of what yonder fellow has doubtless plenty of. Dol lars, my lord, dollars! It shall not be long before you are sent home, and you are a man of great honor." Lord Fitzglbbon stared at him like an eagle. He read some further Intent In the tall and handsome pirate's face and his brows gathered into a bush over his great nose. They could not walk that stagger ing, bounding deck, and a little before breakfast Captain Pope, grasping the Earl by the arm to steady him, con ducted him Into the cabin. Here they were Joined by Crystal. "You took a ring from me yester day," said the Earl, at which saying Crystal glared. "It Is an heirloom, and I treasure it. Will you suffer me to purchase It from you? I will write an order upon my bankers for a hun dred guineas." "For two hundred It shall be yours" aid Cantata Pop , The Earl bowed. Piracy was a stilts this windy morning. "What ring are ye talking of?" says Crystal Jealously. Pope pulled it out of his waistcoat pocket, and said: "Give it to his lord ship when you have examined It." "This is worth three hundred gtineas," says Crystal, with greed in hrs eyes, while his strong Jaws chewed like a bull's. Pope said nothing, and my lord, receiving the ring from Crys tal, pocketed it "Who are your bankers, my lord?" said Pope, after a short silence. The Earl, faintly smiling, answered, "Child's." "I will at once," continued Pope, In his most affable manner, "explain Captain Crystal's and my Intentions toward your lordship and your peo ple. Such of your crew as will not Join us will be transferred to the first vessel that will take them; but it is our Intention to keep you with us for the present, and to part with you only on condition that you give us a draft for two thousand guineas for your liberty." "You shall have my draft," cried the poor old gentleman, suddenly los ing his self-control; "but I' implore you, for God's sake, not to detain me long in thi3 miserable and terrifying situation." "You shall be sent home," said Pope, "and we two captains will trust the eloquent Earl . Fitzglbbon up to the very hilt as a man of the strictest honor." The old nobleman bowed his white head with a gesture of dignity mingled with indignation and grief. This ex traordlnary conversation then term! nated. When Captain Pope went on deck he found the breeze moderating, and, after searching the sea with his eye, he ordered the boatswain to make sail. Then, standing at the main rigging, and looking at the people in the fore part, Pope spied the skipper of the schooner. The man's left eye was black, his face showed signs of his having been savagely knuckled, and one arm was slung In a piece of rope round his neck. Pope roared out "Send the captain and crew of the schooner aft." They arrived presently, and made group close abaft the mainmast. After a cool and critical survey, durlnf which he molded a cigar with both hands, Pope sung out: lou iook a likely lot; do you know our character?" Tne schooner s men mado no an swer, save that one broke Into a low satiric grunt of laughter. "Ours is a Jolly roving life," con tlnued Pope, while at this moment the Earl came out of the cabin and stood, holding on by the companion, looking and listening. "You were late cap tain of the schooner," he continued taking no notice of the injuries the man had received; "will you Join us you shall hear the terms " "No, by h !" roared the skipper, Pope looked in silence with a red face at the livid-eyed master, turned his head with a gesture of withering contempt, and, catching sight of the Earl, called out, "He runs too fast to make a pirate, my lord." "He has a wife and children," an swered the Earl, swaying to his clutch of the companion. "There's a man that should Join us," said Pope, pointing with an Iron leal forefinger to the valet, who stood among the little crowd, limp, yellow and shuddering. "I am not used to fight, sir," cried the poor wretch. "I am his lord ship's servant, and cannot desert him." Pope gave a short laugh, which was echoed among his men, and turning to the Earl exclaimed, "He'll not desert you, my lord." The contempt in his tone was perhaps reflected In his lord ship's silence and gaze. But not man of the schooner's crew would Join the pirates, and when this was made clear, Pope swung on his heel and walked aft to Lord Fitzglbbon (To be continued.) THE AGE OF DRAGONS. Their Existence Believed in by Marry Scientists. Dragons were Important animals in ancient and mediaeval natural history. Until comparatively recent time no. scientist, ever thought of questioning the existence of this most formidable of beasts. The annals of Winchester for 1177 gravely state that "in this year dragons were seen of many In England." Gesner, professor of ratur al history at Zurich, gives a detailed description of the dragon, while Al drovandus. In his "History of Serpents and Dragons," published In 1640, de votes fifty pages to the monster. A good specimen of a dragon would seem to have been a beast about the size of a sheep, Incased In a coat of scales which shone like sliver. Its back was serrated like a saw. It possessed a long tall, a pair of batlike wings, four heavily clawed feet, a wolvlne head, the Jaws of which were armed with very formidable teeth. The tongue was barbed and fire and fury issued from the montser's mouth and the head bore a crest. Dragons were the most wicked and vindictive of crea tures. They seem always to have been In a towering rage and spent the greater portion of their time In ru3hlrg up and down the earth de stroying everything that came in their path. The origin of dragons was a disputed point among medlaevel natur alists. Some maintained that these animals were generated by the heat of India; others were of opinion that the volcanoes of Ethiopia used to belch forth the monsters. One scientist. John Leo by name, declared the drag on to be a hybrid, a cross between aa eagle and a wolf IS IT AN AGREEMENT? THE PROTECTIVE TARIFF CON SIDERED A3 A CONTRACT. Have Not the Government and the People Entered Into a Covenant That All Labor and Industry Shall Enjoy the Benefits of Protection? With satisfaction the American Economist observes the attention de voted by the New York Tribune of July 25 to the suggestion that before taking action on the pending Cuban reciprocity treaty Congress will do well to carefully consider and accur ately weigh certain important argu ments against the consummation of that project. The Tribune had commit ted itself to the opinion that there was nothing to consider in this con nection; that the case was all settled and the legislation necessary to start the reciprocity wheels "should take no time at all." It seems, however, to have discovered that there was one phase of the question worthy of at least momentary thought, for in a leading editorial article of consid erable length it goes to the trouble of taking issue with the position of the Economist. The subject, to be sure, is treated in a flippant, sour and super ficial manner; but It is better that it should be treated In this way than not treated at all. Among the points sub mitted by the Economist for consider ation by Congress at the extra session to be called Nov. 9 for final action on the Cuban treaty was the following: "Does It not Involve the violation by the government of a contract of agree ment with certain producing Interests of the United States namely, the Dlngley tariff law?" This suggestion, as is evident on its face, was put forward tentatively, not as an assertion of law or fact, but with a view to drawing attention to the question of moral obligation ou the part of our own government toward our own people. So much has been heard as to our moral obligation toward the people of Cuba that it would soem only fair to take some ac count of the duty which the govern- DESTRUCTION THREATENED ment owes to those of our own pro ducers who claim equal rights with other domestic producers to the pro tection guaranteed them by law. The Dlngley tariff law is In the nature of a covonant between the government and the people. It Is rather more than that. It is the mandate of the people framed into law and promulgated by their servants, the Senators, Repre sentatives of the United States Con gress and the President of the United States a mandate that must remain In full force until revoked by the peo ple, through their servants, in the same manner and by the same process by which it was originally placed upon the statute books. The manner and the process are clearly defined In that clause of the Constitution which pro vides that all legislation affecting the revenue shall originate In the House of Representatives. In the case of the Cuban treaty this process has been reversed. Legislation affecting the revenue by a reduction of 20 per cent in tariff duties has originated In the Senate and now goes to tho.Hoiino for final concurrence. This Is why the proposed amendment of the Dlng ley law Is characterized as Irregular and unconstitutional; this Is why It has been suggested that the Dlngley law should stand as a covonant be tween the government and tho people until It shall havo been In whole or in part abrogated by the people. The suggestion as to equity and good faith on the part of the govern ment toward domestic producers seems to have Irritated tho Tribune into a frame of mind not conducive to calm and logical discussion. It has so nettled the Journal founded by Horace Oreeloy, Protectionist, that It employs phrases and methods of expression which are curiously similar to tho vein In which free trade writers assail the doctrine and policy of protection. "The tariff Is a tax," these free trade propa gandist havo been telling us for many years. Evidently the Tribune of to-day, unllko the Tribune of Horace Greeley's time, -olds the same view. It says: "The obligation of contract Is often Invoked try corporations to avoid new taxes. The franchise holders of New Tark arc Just bow annealing to the Su- fvW preme court on that ground fa theft endeavors to escape taxation on the value of their franchises. It la some thing new, however, to find the tax laws themselves construed 'as a con tract and therefore not subject to change, lest the constitutional right of citizens be invaded." It is something new, surely, to find a protectionist newspaper referring to the Dlngley tariff as a "tax law" and taking no account of its operation as a protective measure. But that is not the sorest point with the Tribune. Again in' the fashion of Its free trade contemporaries it dips its pen into vinegar and gall and In response to the tentative suggestion as to rights under a covenant of agreement it de clares: "If the Dlngley law was a contract 'with certain producing interests,' tben it must have been passed in payment of some supposed debt. The 'producing Interests' in question must have paid something for it "A contract implies consideration. What 'producing Interests' rendered valuable consideration which gives them a right to look on a law of the United States as a contract which the United States has no right to revise at will? What was the consideration? To whom was it rendered? What are the secret clauses which give what ii on its face a mere tax law the charac ter of a contract? 'Certain producing Interests' have a contract with the United States, have they? a contract, not that they shall be taxed only at a certain rate, or shall not be taxed at all, but that somebody else shall be taxed for tholr benefit? For how long does this contract run? Have tho 'certain producing Intorests' acquired a perpetual Hen on the country by the passage of a contract Instrument es tablishing an unchangeable tax? What cl Uni had the 'producing lntorosts' on the lawmakers to induce the creation of such an astonishing obligation, amounting to the salo and alienation of tho government's future legislative power?" We had not supposed that any Re publican newspaper would allow its zeal in behalf of tariff tinkering by reciprocity treaty to carry it so fai BY THE TWO-TAILED COMET. bennd the border line of fair and courteous controversy; we had not ex pected to goad our nolghbor Into the vicious free trade flings embodlod in tho oxtracts Just quoted. Not forgot ting that the Tribune was among the first and fiercest champions of Mr. Havemeyor's bonevolont theory of "moral obligation," and that it has fought strenuously and Incessantly for the realization of the Sugar trust droam of cheaper raw sugar from Cuba os a means of destroying the competition ef domestic cane and beet sugar, we were not prepared for quite so ranch heat and temper. It Is an exhibition of strenuoslty that seems to denote much pressure and strong urgency in behalf of Cuban reciproci ty. Viewed In this light the episode is at once suggestive and instructive. After all, Is not the Dlngley tariff very Much In the nature of a contract of agreement to which there are two partle.i, the government and the peo ple? Have not the people and the Government entered Into an agreement that all domestic labor and Industry not merely a part shall enjoy the b)osslngs and benefits of protection? There can be no contract without a cr nsldoratlon, says the Tribune. True. Then what was the consideration, and who paid It In the case of the Dlngley law? The consideration was loss of employment, hunger, privation and the drawing !own of vast sums of money out of savings banks attendant upon the terrlblo period of tariff reform from 1893 to 1837, and it was rfold by the wage earners of the United States, by tho farmers of the United States, who lost $5,000,000,000 In depreciation of values of farm products and farm properties, and by every person who suffered the pangs of Wilson-Gorman-Ism. The wage earners and the pro ducers of this country paid a high price for tho Dlngley tariff. It is theirs by right of purchase. Who has the right to take It away from them without their consent being first had? Argument Is Wasted. To wage earners: When a man tells you that fre trade Is a good thing for you, coax blm Into an alley and tell him be la a rool. Davenport (la.) Republican Wheat as Horse Feed. Wheat as food for horses was test ed at the North Dakota Experiment Station. The results are published in Bulletin No. 20 of that station. The wheat was fed at the rate of 14 pounds dally, and the horses were given a average day's work. It was found ttat wheat alone was not a satisfactory grain ration for a work horse. There was a tendency for the horses to get "off feed" and for the digestion to become deranged. No tests are reported where wheat formed a part of the grain ration for work horses; upon this point, Dr. Salmon, of the Bureau of Animal In dustry, U. S. Department of Agricul ture, gives suggestions in a circular of information issued in 1894. "There are certain points to be borne in mind when one is commen cing to feed wheat Our domesti cated animals are all very fond of it but are not accustomed to eating it Precautions should consequently be observed to prevent accidents and dis ease from Its use. It Is a matter of common observation that when full fed horses are changed from old to new oats they are liable to attacks of indigestion, colic and founder. If such results follow the change from old to new oats, how much more likely are they to follow a radical change, such as that from oats to wheat? For this reason, wheat should at first be fed In small quantities. It should, when possible, be mixed with some other grain and care should be taken to prevent any one animal from getting more than the quantity in tended for it 'These precautions are especially necessary when wheat is fed to horses, as these animals are peculiarly liable to colic and other disturbances of the digestive organs,, accompanied or followed by lamlnltls. Cattlo, sheep and hogs frequently crowd each other from the feeding" troughs, In which case some Individ-1 uals obtain more than their share,, and may bring on serious or fatal aM tacks of Indigestion. The best form In1 which to feed wheat is to roll or grind It into a coarse meal. It may tben be fed alone, or mixed with corn meal or ground oats. When ground fine it is pasty and adhores to the teeth, gums and checks so that It Is not so readily masticated or eaten. Cost of Pasteurizing. Experiments conducted at the Royal Experiment Station In Copenhagen prove that If a pastourlzer Is properly constructed and properly operatod it will require about 90 lbs of steam for heating 1,000 pounds of milk, from 90 to 18G degreos F., says M. Mortenson. If we figure that It takes one pound of coal to produce four pounds of steam, to produce ninety pounds of steam will then require 23 pounds of, coal. Figuring coal at $4.00 per ton and our butter yield 4ft pounds but ter to 100 pounds milk, makes the cost of pastourlzlng one pound of butter about one-tenth of a cent This ex pense, however, Is reduced consider ably by pasteurizing the cream and skimmed milk separately. The cream Is reduced to such a small amount that the expense per pound will be very little. For pasteurization of skimmed milk the exhaust steam can be used; this Is also more satisfactory to the patrons as milk when pasteur ized after skimming Is warm enough to scald the cans and tho milk keeps sweet longer. Argentine Corn Crop. The Minister of Agriculture of Ar rentlna estimates the corn crop of '.his year, now harvested, at 148,000, 100, which was grown on 4,430,1b Acres of land. Last year the area un der maize ambuntod to 3,473,746 acres And the totpl crop to 84,018,341 bush Is, the average yield being then 24.2 bushels per acre. The Increase was 77.7 per cent In the area, 39 per cent 11 the average yield per acre, and 76.7 ier cent in the total crop. The quan t'ty of maize available for exportation tils year Is not likely to be quite In proportion to the magnitude of the oop produced, as a - considerable amount was damaged by wet weather and a portion of the crop was lost for f ant of adequato labor to gather It' Vlillo In good condition. In many cXses cattle were turned into the fields to eat the standing corn, owing (ft the Impossibility of getlng labor to harvest It In time. A Test for Buttermakers. We must make the business of but tvmaklng more attractive, not only t to the place where we have to work, but In wages as well, and in order to do this I believe that a compulsory examination of candidates! fr crean.ery buttermakers before al duly constituted board of examiners,, similar to the examination which I doctors, dentists and lawyers have to' undergo before being able to prac-' tlce, would (It seems to me) weed out' some of the Incompetents, and thus by raising the standard of qualifica tions enable those who really desire to make buttermaklng a life work to enter the ranks confident that they can make of themselves as much in this their chosen line as other men la theirs. J. S. Moore. The eggplant is of tropical origin. and was introduced into England from Africa in 1S97. It derives its common name from a small white variety simi lar in shape and appearance te the egg of a goose.