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s PHUXIPSBURG HERALD BsUbltsfced 1ITT. LYMAN W. MATTKSOX, FHILLIPSBUHO .- KAX8AI The typhoid microbes are pretty 'wideawake, but they are very easily taken In. However, Mr. and Mrs. Mosquito are still laughing in their sleeves at the eminent scientists. After a man takes more than $5,000 they quit calling it stealing and refer to it as embezzlement An observer says that the earnings of married women are decreasing. How about their expenditures? The mental anguish of a dry man in a wet district Is exceeded only by that of a wet man in a dry district Now that "Josh Billings" is dead, Prof. Davy Jones of Lancaster claims to be the "greatest English speller' living. This talk about the usetessnes of the verlform appendix is very fool ish. It's exceedingly useful to the doctors. . The Duke and Duchess of Marlbor ough are reported to be living apart There are only a few happy American duchesses left The Pennsylvania clergyman who hot at a burglar the other day and hit him has earned the thanks of the entire congregation. Blnoe love alone makes it worth the while to live, Let all be now forgiven and forgive. says Alfred Austin in his latest poem, All right, Alfred, we'll forgive you. A scientist has discovered that loaf ing is conducive to health and longev ity. Come to think of it, who ever saw a tramp suffering from arterio sclerosis? If a person has a legal right to snore should two persons snoring at the same time and in the same room be compelled so to snore as not to make a discord? Even though Mr. J. P. Morgan has Just paid 113,570 for a miniature por trait of the duchess of Norfolk, by Holbein, Mrs. Morgan has no reason to be jealous. , The Russians are not the first peo ple to float mines. Wall street has been in the business for years. And many an innocent craft has been wrecked thereby. We suggest "the following subject of world interest for the sweet girl graduate's essay: Will the Russian blouse ever be entirely superseded by the Japanese kimono? Of course, if one of those floating mines sinks a neutral ship our pro Jap shouters will Insist that it was a mlnesk! or a mlneovltch, and that th Japs were not responsible. A Toungstown man dropped dead from sheer excitement as . the last man went out in the ninth inning the other day. Bo happy a death does not fall to the lot of every fan. King Edward recently received tn private audience Capt. Mahan, U. B. N., (retired) the man who knows pretty much everything about all kinds of ships excepting lordships. The piano dealers were able to get .together only 200 old square pianos for the bonfire at their national con vention in Atlantlo City. Vou see, we had a coal strike a year ago last win ter. That the emancipation of woman is now complete has been demonstrated In St Louis. The leader of them all exercised ber prerogative of liberty and went from the parlor into the kitchen. Boston's Twentieth Century club has discussed mastication, and was told by one expert of a woman who chews every morsel of food 200 times. Now does this lady eat to live or doet she live to eat? Another bank teller has confessed that a large shortage in his accounts Is due to speculation. And it is en couraging to note that the news papers refer to him as a thief Instead of an embezzler. A Worcester (Mass.) man, who forg ed a check for $500, said he did it In his sleep. The size of the check, however, was not convincing. It seem ed to indicate that he knew perfectly what he was about The latest fad among Yale students Is going barefooted through the streets of New Haven. It Is supposed to have bean started by some young gentle man whose father could not be reached by telegraph. A contemporary announces that Cuba rafties nearly one-third of the world' cane. For the sake of the young republic's reputation, It should be noted thaOJth'e last word in the .above sentence is spelled correctly. And the bank auditor, after he had stolen the funds of his. employers, blamed the actress for ft rum, Just as Adam blamed Eve. Of course, the man was not in any way at fault "The woman tempted me and I did eat," Is till the resort of some eow exds. THE ISSUES FOK 1904. ROOSEVELT'S NOMINATION CER TAIN TO BE UNANIMOU8. Republicans Will Stand Pat, While Democrata Will Strike for Tariff Revision Without Regard to the Needs of American Labor and In dustry. The delegates are chosen for the Republican national convention. More than two-thirds of these delegates are instructed for the nomination of Theo dore Roosevelt, and it is known that a majority of the remaining third are outspokenly in favor of his domina tion. It appears to be settled that the nomination will be unanimous and that no other name will be presented before the convention. The sentiment regarding the nomination for Vice President is divided between Repre sentative R. R. Hltt of Illinois and Senator Fairbanks of Indiana, with the indications that one or the other of these gentlemen will be selected. The Democrats are not making much headway in their efforts to "get together" for a campaign in which they believe that, with a united front, they would have some chance of suc cess. All indications point to the nomination of Judge Parker of New York, but there is a determined mi nority opposing him, and under the Democratic convention requirement of a two-thirds majority to effect a nomination, it is by no means yet certain that the opposition may not be able to defeat the New York candi date. There is bitter opposition to Judge Parker, and It is expected that the Bryan element, which will be rep resented In large numbers on the floor oi the convention, and will be led by the Nebraskan in a powerful speech to the convention, will do everything possible to prevent the nomination going to Judge Parker. There will be enough unlnstructed delegates in the convention to make this result possi ble, provided they can be united to that end. With the near approach of the con ventions and the question of the nom inations becoming more or less set tled, attention is now directed to the subject of the platform declarations for this year's great campaign. As usuar, there is plenty of evidence of attempts at temporizing by those who have no settled convictions on the great issues of the day, and who are ready always to sacrifice principles in the hope of catering to the uneasy element that Is always very noisy In the beginning of a campaign. Evi dences of this are found In both par ties. Sturdy advocates of the doctrine of protection are confronted by an ele ment in the party that is ready to make concessions to "revisionists" and to "reciprocity" advocates. The Dem ocrats are troubled by the noisy cla mors of the old-time silver Bhouters, who cannot be convinced that the money question Is settled and that free silver Is as dead as Bryanlsm. A determined effort is being made by the really courageous leaders of the Democratic party to line up the party In favor of an assault all along the line upon the principles tf protection. They desire to make the emphatic de mand that protection shall go and that tariff shall be revised by the Democratic party without reference to protection to the industries of the United States. ' Cleveland's Bond Sale. Ex-President Cleveland's attempt to explain his bond issues in the Satur day Evening Post neither throws any new knowledge on the transactions nor puts them in any better light be fore intelligent people. Mr. Cleveland says that the repeal of the act of 1890 did not give any relief, and yet we are told by free traders that the cause of the panic of 1893 was the Sherman Silver-Purchase law of 1890. Protec tionists have always known that the repeal of that law by no means met the situation, nor could prevent the distress that came upon our people Immediately after the election of Mr. Cleveland, and with him a Demo cratic Senate and House In 1892. The ex-President says most truly, how ever, that "a factor in the situation, most perplexing and dangerous, was the distrust, which was becoming enormous, regarding th wisdom and stability of our scheme of finance.'' and he might have added. In antici pation bf the coming change In our tariff policy. Free traders cannot explain away our calamities of 1893 and th follow ing year by Ignoring the fact that the people, ts soon as the electlou of 1892 THE IRON HEEL. was over, began to anticipate the free trade measure which was bound to come. It was well known that the house would pass as drastic a meas ure as bad ever been enacted, and there is a possibility that it it had been known to what extent the bill would be changed in the Senate the panic would not have been quite so severe. Uncertainty and suspense ars always productive of greater fear than the actual result, however severe that result may be. The manufacturers and merchants of this country simply had to prepare for the worst with the result that it was necessary to cur tall production, which in turn created idleness and a lack of purchasing power, which is so essential to the welfare of every agricultural and man ufacturing, community in the land. Mr. Cleveland only bega the ques tion when he throws the claim for the panic of 1893 and the disasters which followed upon our monetary system and the laws of our previous admin istrations. The historian does not care so much for the way In which the $262,000,000 worth of bonds were sold as the reasons for the necessity of their being sold, and these reasons are to-day pretty well understood by all and acknowledged by the candid and fair-minded business men of the country. When a man of ex-President Cleveland's experience and knowledge undertakes to explain the necessity for selling the $262,000,000 worth of bonds which were sold during his ad ministration, without alluding to the tariff question he shows himself to be either dishonest or exceedingly dls ingenious. A Word About Our Railroads. Mr. Neville Priestly of the British Indian Railway department, in his re cent report wherein he discusses our American railroads, says the average daily pay of the unskilled workman here In the United States is nearly equal to the average monthly pay of the Indian laborer, while our freight rates are much lower here than in any country in the world, India not excepted. And on top of all this our free traders tell us that our American railroads have to pay $28 a ton for steel rails, while the steel trust sells to India for $16. It would look as if the railroad magnates were between two yes, three fires: high prices for rails, highest wages on earth and low est freight rates. And yet the year 1903 was the best in the history of Ameri can railroading, and less roads of leas number of miles and with less amount of stocks and bonds were sold under foreclosure than any previous year. How can this result be obtained? Sim ply because of the magnitude of our Internal commerce, made possible by the great purchasing power of our well employed, highly paid wage earn ers, added to the well rewarded la bors of our agriculture. Destroy our home market and railroads would have to very materially reduce wages, raise freight and passenger rates, or go out of business. An Amazing Way. Imports of "raw materials" continue to Increase, although the enemies of the Dlngley law said that with such a tariff we could not get them. And the best of It Is that these materials are worked up Into finished products, mainly to be exported In that form. See the figures for annual exports of manufactures, now close to the $500. 000.000 mark, which Is not far from the total of Imported raw materials. That Dlngley tariff has an amazing way of confounding all the predictions and upsetting the calculations of the free traders. Ohio Valley Manufac turer. A Flop. Some of the free traders are now claiming that the tariff cuts down the profits of manufacture.- This Is an Interesting flop. Heretofore protection has been denounced as a "partner ship" between the government and the manufacturers whereby the Ut ters profits were swelled. The free traders should find out where they are at. Rochester Democrat and Chron icle. Parker a Fr Trader. Some of the Parker boomers have discovered that the Judge wrote part of the New York State Democratlo platform In 1885. That platform In dorsed the Cleveland administration, then In office over a year, and its tar iff reform policy. This discovery Is not likely to help the Judge or Ms boom among those who recall what happened when the Democratic plan of tariff reform was put Into effect. Troy Tim. FIREWORKS ARE EXPENSIVE Noise-Making Devices That Cost The making of fireworks has prog ressed rapidly in America, and we are not now dependent upon China and Japan for our firecrackers, our' red lights and our noise-making, nerve destroying devices. Time was when a few roman candles and some skyrockets furnished the larger portion of the fireworks for the celebration of the Fourth of July in the smaller towns, but modern patri otism does not stop at that. '- Nearly every citizen of a town will lay out considerable money for his supply of fireworks, and it is not in frequent that a private family will spend from $50 to $75 in order to make a Dig illumination on the na tion's birthday. Set pieces, such as were formerly much prized at cele brations in the average towns are now quite often seen on the lawns of private individuals, for the American workmen. have learned how to make them, and that means that ther are to be obtained more cheaply. The day when the small boy and his big brother had to pay ten cents a, bunch for crackers has long passed by. Machinery has been invented to mold the paper cylinders and load them with powder at the rate of 1,000 and more a minute. They can be manufactured at about two cents a hundred In large quantities and retail at a profit at five cents. The combination of powder and various chemicals which the fireworks man has succeeded in mixing allows a program to be given at night which can be kept up for three or four hours if desired, with something different almost every m!tute. One can get up a family celebration on the curb stone In front of the house which will include not only rockets and roman candles, but pinwheets, mines, bombs, spitting devils and other things which are apt to wriggle around among the spectators, and the entire cost will not be over $5. From this figure the prices range all the way up to a carload of set pieces containing a ton of powder and costing $10, COO. In some of the elaborate displays at the resorts near New York and other large cities pa per, powder and chemicals are turned into sparks, flame and smoke at the rate of $5,000 an hour more than the highest priced opera singer in the world charges for her services. . The rocket which whizzes into the air and breaks Into a stream of pend ants or Is turned into a single star amid the "Ohs!" and "Ahs!" of. the spectators Is still used, but It has been wonderfully changed in recent years. It stilt whirrs upward in its aerial flight, leaving a trail of sparks behind, but at the end of the Journey may burst into a golden shower re sembling some familiar flower. Perhaps from the center falls a rain of red, white and blue balls floating gracefully downward until they al most touch the earth. Others form a cluster of long, delicate lines some what similar to a rainfall on a sum mer day and thus they are named. The rain comes down, however, at a rate of from $15 to $30 a fall much more costly than the natural shower. The most interesting feature to the boy Is the rocket which sends a group of fiery serpents down among the crowd. This year a number of now Ideas In rockets have been origi nated, one of which Is called the jew eled streamer really a very beauti ful piece. The columns of sparks burst Into a golden spray, from which issue three balls of various colors, each ball discharging what are called pendants. They remain in the air fully a minute. Another new Idea Is called the dia mond chain, which consists of a dozen or more 'links, each containing a star. A novelty is a compartment which contains either one large or several small balloons in the form of ani mals, clowns and other comic feat ures. By an ingenious contrivance hot air Is forced Into the paper by The First Star and Stripes. The first using of the stars and stripes in military service was at Fort Stamolx, renamed Fort Schuyler, now Rome, New York, in 1777. August 2d of that year the fort was besieged by the English and Indians: the brave garrison were without a flag, but one was made in the fort The red stripes were of a petticoat furnished by a woman, the white stripes and stars were supplied by an officer who gave hi shirt for that purpose, and the blue was a piece of Col. Peter Ganso voort's military cloak. Three women worked on the flag, and it was raised to victory, when on the 22d of August the redmen and the English were de feated at the fort The next record of the using of the tars and stripe Is on the first anni versary of American independence, which was celebrated at Philadelphia, Charleston. S. C and other piaces, July 4th, 1777. The banner was used at the battle of Brandywlne, September 17th, 1777, at Germantown, October 4th ot the same year, and It also floated over the surrender of Burgoyne. This flag cheered the patriot of Valley Forge the next winter; it waved at York town and shared in ue rejolo Ings at the close of the war. for the Fourth of July Much Money - one of the explosions and the animal go floating away, illuminated by a flaming torch beneath similar to the common fire balloon. This Is perhaps tho most remarkable design which has yet been Invented in what 1 call ed aerial fireworks. The most costly piece of this set, however, is known as the Japanese night bombshell and la the invention of a Japanese workman in a large fire works factory in Now York state. The bomb itself ranges from twelve to thirty inches in diameter. At the end of Its flight it explodes no less than seven times, actually pro ducing every color of the rainbow In the form of streamers, shooting stars, comets, serpents, golden rain, para chutes, whirligigs and "spreaders." One of these bombs forms a whole ex hibition In Itself, as the illumination lasts fully three minutes before the last design fades away. The large bombs cost $60 apiece, owing to .the rare chemicals which are used, and the amount of work upon one, for the various compart ments contain over 200 feet of fuse, every inch of which has to be care fully placed 4a a certain position so that it will not ignite before the proper time and spoil the effect. Fireworks dealers say that mine and batteries will be very popular this year on account of their resem blance to volcanoes. The recent erup tions have actually caused a boom in this feature of fireworks, as the peo ple desire to see the resemblance ot a volcano in miniature. ,, They, qan be procured in one or half a dozen colors. Most of them produce fiery scales and balls, but a new design combines stars with ihe balls. They have taken the place of the roman candle to a large extent and the ordinary piece which is held In the hands is gradually going out of use. One reason Is that it is so dangerous on account of the shower, of sparks falling over the person who holds it. The days when the patriotic citizen went to the fireworks dealer and pick ed out his rockets, plnwheels and other pieces are about over. The fire works man saves him all this trouble by packing assortments In cases so that he can buy his celebratton at so much a box, or, as already stated, bv the car load If desired. Suppose people in the neighborhood club together and raise $250 for the evening's entertainment. They can get large rockets, a dozen large mines, a half dozen imitations of a windmill and have the choice of three or four set pieces such as "July 4," the Maltese cross, a mammoth revolv ing star, "1776," and the bust of a hero or statesman, if they desire. The features of President Roosevelt will be reproduced in glittering points, eyeglasses and all, not only in this country, but in the Philippines, for some very large orders containing rep resentations of the president were sent from San Francisco to Manila several weeks ago. The fashion in set design has changed considerably. The familiar patriotic mottoes such as "Peace, Prosperity and Freedom," "The Day We Celebrate," etc., are not so much in demand as formerly. The people prefer comic and curious Ideas, but the most popular are fire pictures of men prominent in the public eye. It must be confessed that the American populace are becoming for getful of the father of his country on Independence day, for only a few pictures of Washington have been pre pared In the combinations which have been ordered. . Of course the set piece are far more expensive than any other kind of fireworks. The goddess of liberty and the United States coat of arm are among the most costly at $100 each. One of the most elaborate de signs Is a fiery see-saw in motion with revolving Ferris wheels at the ends. The price of this mechanism is $210. Johnny' Lament Wish I didn't have any sisters 'round Fourth of July time. Got six that are pretty decent other times, but when the Fourth comes they buzz 'round like mosquitoes. . . They ain't got no consld'ratlon for a feller's feelings. They bust in on his fun Just when he's lighting a cannon cracker and want a punk fixed, and when they see the cannon sizzling they scream loud enough to split your cars and that brings your maw and she yell to you to quit teasing your sisters and then sees the cannon and rushes out and grabs you and bear you away, and you miss see ing the cannon bust Into a thousand pieces. No, sir, sisters are all wrong 'round Fourth of July time. If they ain't get ting your maw after you and scream ing all the time fit to kill, they're m oozing 'round and blubbing and say ing, "Poor Johnny's burn hi finger." That makes a feller with any spunk darn mad. A Bunch of Fire Cracker. A lit firecracker in the hand isn't worth two In the pack. There is no use pulling the trigger after the gun has been fired. Do not look a gift cannon In the mouth. i ft. 11 1 ft Enchanted web! A picture In the air. Drifted to us from out the distant blue. From the shadowy ancestor! through whose brave care We live in , magic of a dream com Jrue with covenanter's blue, as if were glass. In dewy flower-heart, the 0 stars that nnfifirl O blood veined blossom that can never blight! The Declaration, like a sacred rite, " In each star and stripe declamatory, The Constitution thou ihalt long recite. Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved '"Old Glory," O symphony In red, white, blue! fan fare Of trumpet, roll of drum, forever new Reverberations of the Bell, that beat Its tones of liberty the wide world through! In battle dreaded like a cyclone blast! Symbol of land and people unsurpassed Thy brilliant day shall never have a, night. On foreign shore no pomp so grand a eight. No face so friendly, naught consolatory Like glimpse of lofty spar with thee bedlght. Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved "Old Glory." Thou art the one flag, an embodied pray er, One highest and most perfect to review: W lthout one, nothing; It Is lineal, square. Has properties of all the numbers, too Cube, solid, square root, root of root, best classed It for His essence the Creator cast. For purity are the six stripes'of white. This number circular and endless nuftA Six times, well knows the scholar wan oiiu jiiittry, t EI compass, spanning circle, can Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved "Old uiui jr. Boldly thy seven lines of scarlet flare; As when o'er old centurlan It blew. (Red Is the trumpet's tone, It means to dare!) God favored seven when creation grew; The seven planets, seven hues contrast; The seven metals, seven days; not last The seven tones of marvelous delight That lend the listening soul their wines for flight; But why complete the happy category That gives thy thirteen stripes their charm and might? Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved "Old Glory." In thy dear colors honored everywhere, The great and ) .ystlc ternlon we view; Faith. Hope, and Charity are numbered there. And three nnlls the crucifixion knew. Three are offended when one has tres passed, God, and one's neighbor and one's self aghast. Christ's deity, and toul, and manhood' height; v The Father, Bon, and Ghost may ber unite; With texts like these, divinely monitory. What wonder that thou conquerest 1 the flight, Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved "Old Glory." ENVOI. O blessed Flag! sign of our prectons Past. Triumphant Present and our Futur vast. Beyond starred blue and bars of sunset' bright, Lead ua to realms of Equal Right! Float on, In every lovely allegory. Kin to the eagle and the wlndrand light, Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved Old Glory." A Millionaire' Celebration. The spirit of the Fourth Is no re specter of persons. It seizes hold of the millionaire as well as the raga muffin whose only means of celebra tion lies in snatching up defective ex plosives discarded by his more fortu nate brothers and endeavoring to make them "go off." His is intense anticipatory excite ment and pleasure, but It Is no keener than the zest with which Charles M. Schwab, man of millions, prepares for and celebrate's the nation's natal day. Mr. Schwab always endeavors to spend the day In the town of his boy hood, Loretto, Pa., where his father and mother live. No matter where he is, or what the business, he usually manages to turn up at his magnificent country home on the hill overlooking the town a day or two before the Fourth; and with him come box after box of all manner of firework. Some of the pyrotechnics he uses to make glad the hearts of his little friends the children of former play mates. The fireworks which Mr. Schwab reserves for himself are set off on the night of the Fourth, when he gathers at his house his friends and relatives for miles around. Th display lists until well into the night It Is dazzling and gorgeous In tho ex treme, and It causes many an honest former friend to ejaculate from the depth of hi wonderment and awe: "Well, I swan, but Charlie' a hum mer!" Origin of Our Banner. It has often been asked what sug gested the design for our star-spangled banner. There are many tradition afloat concerning th origin of the de sign, but the one In which ther Is undoubtedly the most truth Is that which credits the design to 'Washing ton. " The general found In the cost-of- arms of bis own family a hint from which he drew the deslep fnr the flag. i ne coai-oi arm oi the Washington family has two red bars on a white ground, and three gilt stars above th top bar. The Ame. lean flag, one de cided upon, was rushed through In ai hurry, for the army was badly in need' ot a standard.