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BsUbllakad 1ITT. LYMAN W. MATTtSOK, Bdltor. PHILLIPSBURG KAXSAJ At last accounts John Bull still bad a firm grip on the tail of th Tibetan wolf. The Japs, having taken up base tall, evidently imagine the Russian! -.re umpires. What kind of heroes do the doc tors who tell us to avoid iced drinks think wo are? One hundred new stars discovered by a Harvard astronomer? Did he fall down stairs? An ugly girl Inherits a lot of good looks when a rich relative dies and leaves her some money. Farm horses may as well quit shy ing at the automobile and settle down to the fact that it is here to stay. For a time, at least, the Nordlcas will be obliged to resort to the stage as a means of entertaining the pub 11c. The use of eucaine, the new anas thetlc, fixes you so that, although perfectly conscious, eucaine't feel a thing. Several new books on Napoleon have just been brought out, but none of them appears to fully cover the subject. The Hagno tribunal has taken ad vantage of the general midsummer lull In business to retire for a well earned rest. "Whaling Revived," says a newspa per headline; but the article refers to the whale-catching industry, not to parental discipline. A jilted lover In Montreal has sued for damages for time lost In courting. But why in the world Isn't that man a resident of Kansas? , Just In order to make sure of the Integrity on the part of China, Great Brttain vlll make Its occupation of Welhalwel perpetual. It is now announced that the Igor rotes won't have to change their clothes. How could they, when they haven't any to change? The Long I.slnnd youth who applied for divorce after one day of married life should complete the baby act by accepting a good spanking. Would nn ancient treaty with the unspeakable Turk keep any Euro pean power out of the Black Sea in case It sorely needed to go there? This report that Harry Lchr has brain fag is certainly surprising. It was supposed that Harry's perform ances only made other people tired. Perdlcarls has gone to I'aris, where he is praising Bandit Ralsuli as the greatest man In Morocco. Raisuli Is the man who made Perdlcarls famous. a feature of a recent wedding Is said to have been a fee of $100,000. however, the man who can't raise more than a $5 note Is still in the game. They say meat's very bad for the rystem In hot weather, anyway. Let's all eat something cooling and easily digestible, like cucumbers, foi Instance. The statement In the Des Moines Capital that Harry Lehr Is appearing before Newport aristocracy In a tux edo coat and red neektle is manifest ly Incomplete. Our esteemed contemporary, the JIJ1 Shlmpo, expresses the hope that Turkey will lend Russia no assist ance. There Is no danger. Turkey always borrows. One of the most curious things In this world Is the fact that every body who never had It knows of some plac where hay fever positively has to go right out of business. Prophet Barton of the Millennium League says the greatest evil In the world Is1 the concentration of money. We still feel, nowever, that our in ability to concentrate it la even worse. Wj are glad to noie that Mr. Wil liam Waldorf Astor's daughter's steady company has some money of his own. She will be able at least to keep a girl and he won't have tc now the lawn. While President Kruger may not have been specially loved for the en emies he had made, It Is worth while to note that at his taking off all the London papers spoke generously of his remarkable career. The latest fad among the fashion ables at Newport Is to cut from the newspapers all that Is printed about one's self and then to paste the clip pings Into scrapbooks. Of course, II Is clearly understood that the fash lonables themselves 'do not do the work. Mr. Claus Spreckles Is going U send an Ohio man over to Hawaii ti look for an insect that will eat tb bugs the! eat 'be sugar cane. It ! understood, however, that do effon will be made to kill the trust bug. THE BURR-HAMILTON DUEL v ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO .Tremendous Effect Produced by the Tragedy at Weehaw ken History of the Pistob Used Is -an Interest - Ing One. t One hundred yeara ago, exactly one week after his active participa tion In the Fourth of July celebration in New York city, Alexander Hamil ton was shot in that memorable duel with Aaron Burr. Nothing now re mains of the fatal field which, more than anything else, has made the name of Weehawken historic In the annals of America. It was on July 11, 1804, that the two brilliant men, separated only by the murderous distance of ten paces, leveled pistols at each other, await ing the word to fire. Only one shot was fired by each. Burr's, aimed di rectly at his antagonist, Inflicted a mortal wound, while Hamilton's, as was ascertained the day after, passed above Burr, the bullet lodging In the branch of a small cedar tree. Dr. David Hosack, one of New York's most eminent physicians, at tended the dying man. Hamilton HAMILTON FEU was rowed at once across the river and taken to the spacious home of William Bayard, in old Greenwich vil lage, where he died about 2 o'clock on the following day, July 12, 1804. The prominence pf the combatants and the tragic ending of the meeting directed public attention not only to this duel, but to dueling in general, as had never been done before In the United States. The practice was common a century ago. Alexander Hamilton's eldest son, a young man but 20 years of age, was killed upon the same field three years before his father received his death wound. Tho pulpit and, to some extent, the press Inveighed against the custom as unworthy of a civilized community, but It remained for the Burr-Hamilton duel to arouse public sentiment so strongly against this method of avenging Insults that the practice was never afterwards regarded In so hon orable a light. It Is difficult to Imagine at the pres ent day the effect produced by the duel, not only In New York city, but throughout the entire country. Polit ical feeling-In those years was In tensely bitter, but Hamilton's serv ices for his' country had been of such recognized value that his. death and the manner of It occasioned wide spread mourning. A wave of almost universal execration burst over Burr. Although vice president of the United States, he had been out of favor In his own party ever since the election of Jefferson, late In 1800. Jefferson and Burr each received seventy-three ballots In the original elec toral vote. For over a week the house of representatives balloted upon the question, and Burr was ac cused of intriguing to defeat Jeffer son, the logical candidate ot bis party! To repair his waning political pres tige, Burr secured the nomination for governor of New York In 1804. Op posed to him was Morgan Lewis, the candidate of the Federalists. It was a bitter fight, for Burr realized that defeat meant political extinction. Hamilton was a strong supporter of Lewis, and when the latter won. Burr, after an Interchange of letters regarding certain statements made by Hamilton, sent a formal challenge. The fact that the two men were to meet on the Weehawken dueling field was known to but few in New York. It was about 7 o'clock In the morning of July 11 that the duel was fought, and, although Hamilton was Im mediately brought back to New York, the afternoon papers of that date make no mention of the occurrence. On July 12, In the Commercial Adver- iSl User, occurs the first notice of the affair: "We stop the press to announce the melancholy Intelligence that General Hamilton Is dead. He expired about 2:30 o'clock." On the following day and for sever al days thereafter the newspapers ap peared with wide black borders on all of their pages. The newspapers in this city, Boston and other cities did the same as soon as the news was re ceived, for, dependent upon stage coaches for Information, many of the outlying towns did not hear of Ham ilton's death until after the funeral in New York. The funeral was held on Saturday, July 14, and Hamilton was buried where his remains still He, in Trinity churchyard, New York. Practically the entire city went Into mourning. Business was suspended, for days the flags were at halfmast, and hundreds Mm . M&MmBmfa. mm in of citizens wore crepe for thirty days. Services commemorative of Hamil ton were held all over the country.' Scores of orations were delivered upon his character, and it was truly said that not since the death of Wash ington had such universal mourning been seen. William P. Van Ness, who later be came judge of the Southern district of New York, by appointment of Pres ident Madison, acted as Burr's sec ond, and he afterward published a de tailed statement of the duel, in which he claimed that Hamilton fired first. His statement was really a protest against the widespread disapproval of Burr, amounting to ostracism. Burr himself was amazed at the opprobrium heaped upon him. Never before had the popular III will been so denunciatory for the surviving duelist. Burr himself had fought a duel on the same spot In 1799 with John B. Church. Neither was Injured, although Burr received a bullet through his coat. For a few days Burr continued to go about bis business In his usual way and received his friends at his famous home, Richmond Hill, now totally obliterated, but which stood for years at about the junction of Varlck and Charlton streets, New York. Finally he left the city. Burr was indicted for the murder of Hamilton, but the Indictment was quashed about three years later. The pistols with which the ratal duel was fought are now owned by Maj. Richard Church ot Rochester. He is A grandson of John B. Church, to whose house the body of Hamilton was taken from Mr. Bayard's home in Greenwich village. The history of the pistols Is Inter esting. Mr. Church purchased them In London, and it Is said they were made by a celebrated gunsmith. W. H. Mortimer, gunmaker to George III. They were used in the duel between Aaron Burr and Mr. Church in 1799, and it is stated that they next figured In the fatal meeting between Philip H. Hamilton, the eldest son of Alex ander Hamilton, and George I. Eac ker, who fought at Wee-hawken on Nov. 23, 1801, young Hamilton being shot in thia right side and dying the next day. As Alexander Hamilton was the challenged party, he had the choice of weapons, and it Is but natural that his brother-in-law's famous pistols were used again. After the duel they were returned to Mr. Church and have been carefully preserved In the family ever since. When the railroad was cut through In the early seventies the last vestige of the old dueling ground was oblit erated. A large red sandstone boul der had up to that time stood near the spot, and It was said that upon this boulder the head of Hamilton .rested after he was shot. This origi nal boulder may still be seen In the little Inclosure on the high cliff, over 100 feet above the old fighting place. Efforts have from time to time been made to erect a suitable monu ment near the site to Hamilton, but nothing except a very modest monu ment stands there to-day. A small semi-circular plat of ground has been set apart In the locality now known as Hlghwood, and which may be reached in about ten minutes from the ferry landing at Weehawken, and here Is tb be seen the only memorial of the duel. The red sandstone boulder stands upon a granite pedestal, and the boul der Is surmounted by an ancient bust of Hamilton, done by Rlordan, the sculptor. In 1894 a number of resi dents In the neighborhood had a r, bronze tablet placed upon the boul der, and the inscription on it reads: Upon, this stone rested the head of the Patriot, Soldier, Statesman and Jurist, Alexander Hamilton, after the duel with Aaron Burr, fought July 11, 1804. Beneath this Inscription sre two ex planatory lines, as follows: "The duel took place on the bank of the river near this spot, and the stone was moved here when the rail road was built." In the rear of this modest little monument is a tall flagstaff, and the Hamilton Memorial association o( Hlghwood will commemorate the an niversary of the fatal duel In an ap propriate manner. Philadelphia Ledger. Buda-Pesth's Noted Crank. Buda-Pestb has lost one of its best known cranks, a man n,f always lwent barefoot and bareheaded. His favorite occupation was to offer medi cal advice to famous persons who were III. This being rejected, he wrote long diatribes against human folly and printed the KANSAS ITEMS Fights are Still engaged in occasion ally in Atchison as the result of "op word brought on another." The Hiawatha newspaper row, grow ing out of the county printing, has broke out with increased fury. ' Sice radium has been discovered in Canada the Wichita Eagle Is more de termined than ever that the Domin ion shall be annexed. Northwestern Kansas will eat Its watermelons individually this season, instead of collectively. The famous Clyde watermelon carnival has been declared off. The Hutchinson Bee is quite firm in the belief that August Belmont's en try for the Futurity stakes will run better than his entry in the presiden tial race. Members of the Kansas National Guard receive forty-three cents a day and their board while they are in en campment. This isn't much, but it's as good as teaching school. It seems to be up to W. R. Stubbs, Victor Murdock and F. Dumont Smith to collaborate1 on a reply to the Uni versity of Chicago professor who is re sponsible for the new theory that red hair is a sign of degeneracy. "Complaint is made," the Atchison Globe says, "that it was called the 'annual children's picnic' They say it should have been, 'children's an nual picnic,' though there were enough children there to make It look as if they came annually." Says the Eldorado Republican; "Our Kansas Stock Shippers' association-there are five or six members which threatened to tear up the railway tracks, and raise the devil with the railway companies, seems to have subsided. Two of them were elected delegates to the national con vention; two are nominated to office, w hile the . other two are grunting around a little and that is all. P. S. All six of them got railway passes and special shipping privileges; and we will hear no more from the Stock Shippers' association till next year. Moral Work for graft." Miss Jo Shipley Watson of Emporia receives highly flattering mention In the last issue of the Musical Courier, a New York publication. She is a talented young pianist, lecturer and linguist whose musical education was completed In Berlin and Lelpsic. The valued Coffeyville Journal prints two columns under the head line, "Nothing Much Done." There are so many chlggers in El dorado this season that it is not re garded as Impolite to stop anywhere and scratch. , Church White of Atchison Is think ing of running for the legislature on the platform: "It Is a felony for a town nlan to keep a dog' The Abilene papers will never be quite satisfied unless -the battleship Kansas is christened with a quart bot tle of extra dry Abilene water. 'A Topeka reporter asked Victor Murdock how he likes bis job as con gressman. "You haven't, heard me talk about giving it up, have you?" he replied. E. W. Hoch in the Marlon Record: "The Intramural railroad affords easy conveyance to every Important part of the grounds. You can make almost the entire circuit of the exposition on this road for ten cents. "But don't make the mistake that many people make, that of referring to 'the intra mural railroad on the inside of the grounds,' for Intramural Is a Latin word which means 'Inside the walls,' and you've said It all when you've said Intramural." "An Emporia girl," the Gazette an nounces; "Is going to get a divorce and try it over. Her wedding presents lacked $0.38 of paying for her dress, the ice cream, cake, lemonade and chicken salad that she put Into the wedding. She will apply for a receiv er for the groom, return the presents, and go visiting In the oil belt where they buy more cut glass and fewer 23-cent china cups and saucers. She believes that 'Love Is the greatest thing In the world.' but sees the fool ishness of trying to do business out side of the trust. She has decided to get a two-story buggy with red wheels, at bat with a white veil on It like Alice Roosevelt's and break Into real soci ety." Vernon Kellogg, who Is visiting la Emporia, tells the Gazette reporter that the only 'way to escape malaria Is to avoid mosquitoes. ' One should avoid the mosquito, he says, as he would a rattlesnake. The Gazette adds: "He says it you aren't badly bitten by mosquitoes you will never have malarial fever, even If you are living on a bottom farm that has been covered by water six days out of the week all summer. But to be bitten by a mosquito Is like having a hypoder mic Injection of malarial virus In your system. You can't go to too elabo rate precautions against the mosquito this summer. Chase him out of the yard, exterminate him In the cellar and rain barrel and put up a wire screen ardund the frqnt porch." Wamego Is so proud that a third bank has been organized there that the citizens may be called Wamego tlsts. In refusing to prohibit Sunday base ball In Topeka, Judge Z. T. Hazen may have taken Into account that the To peka team hasn't played enough ball all season to do any harm. Time will only strengthen the be lief that Henry J. Allen ought to be sent to congress If for no other reason than that he changed the official name of the state "Insane asylums" to "hos pitals for the Insane." The Wonderful Growth of Calumet Baking Powder Is due to Its i Perfect Qualit) and Moderate Price Used in Millions of Homes Eccentric Grave Digger. An eccentric Shropshire, England, sexton, who has just died at an ad vanced age, had been for over sixty one years connected with Wellington parish church as gravedlgger and sex. ton. The man bad never ridden in train or any other kind of vehicle. Lose Suit for $2,000,000. The heirs of a Frenchman named Thlery, who died In Venice in 1676, claim that Napoleon took $2,000,000 belonging to their ancestor, says the Paris Matin. They have unsuccess fully sued the French government for its return. Why Bread Is Toasted. ' We toast bread not merely to brown It, but to take out all the moisture possible, that It may be more easily moistened with the saliva. and thua easily digested; then we brown it to give it a better flavor. A Woman at Twenty-five. A man can work if he is one-sided or defective, but not so a woman. "If," says Clouston, "she be not more or less finished and happy at 25, she will never be." Medical Record. British West Africa. The British possessions In West Af rica cover 500,000 square miles, con taining 20,000,000 negroes, and easily capable of producing a yearly cotton crop of 10,000.000 bales. Happy is the man who has no ao qualntaace with bll collectors. BUNCH TOGETHER Coffee Has a Curious Way of Finally Attacking 8omo Organ. Alls that come from coffee are cumulative, that Is, unless the coffee Is taken away new troubles are con tlnually appearing and the old ones get worse. "To begin with," says a Kansan, "1 was a slave to coffee just as thou sands ot others to-day; thought I could not live without drinking strong coffee every morning for breakfast and I bad sick headaches that kept me id tied several days every month. Could hardly keep my food on my stomach but would vomit as long as I could throw anything up and when I could get hot coffee to stay on my stomach I thought I was better. "Well, two years ago this spring 1 was that sick with rheumatism I could not use my right arm to do any thing, had heart trouble, was nerv ous. My nerves were all unstrung and my finger nails and tips were blue as If I bad a chill all the time and my face and hands yellow, as a pumpkin. ' My doctor said It was heart disease and rheumatism and my neighbors said I had Brlght's disease and was going to die. "Well, I did not know what on earth was the matter and every morn ing would drag myself out of bed and go to breakfast, not to eat anything, but to force down some more coffee. Then In a little while I would be so nervous, my heart would beat like everything. "Finally one morning I told my hus band I believed coffee was the cause of this trouble and that I thought I would try Postum which I had seen advertised. He said 'All right' so we got Postum and although I did not like it at first I got right down to business and made It according to directions, then It was fine and the whole family got to using It and I tell you It has worked wonders for me. Thanks to Postum In place of the poison, coffee, I now enjoy good health, have not been In bed with sick headache for two years although I bad it for 30 years before I began Postum and my nerves are now strong and I have no trouble from my heart or from the rheumatism. "I consider Postum a necessary ar ticle of food on my table. My friends who come here and taste 'my Postum say It Is delicious." Name given by Postum. Co., Battle Creeic, Mich. Get the book. "The Road to WU Tills" In ch pks.