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Hiitorlcal Society i . . .. , . . ... ... "Successor to The Liberal Independent" Vol. 5. No. 16 Liberal, Seward County, Kansas, Friday, August 18, 1911 $1.50 Per Year 11 ti n v- PELLETTE CASE. Big Crowd Attended Hear ing Before Probate Judge Campbell i . ' E. F, ; Pellette, the Osteopath, wa9 arrested Monday on the com- . plaint of one of his neighbors, on charge of cruelly whipping his , nine months old baby. Neighbors who live near the Pellette home in the northwest part of the city, heard the child's cries several times Sunday, and made the com plaint Monday morning. Justice D. C. Wood fixed the bond at $200 the date for the preliminery hear ing was fixed for August 25. On Tuesday, a probation officer, H. W. Lane, was appointed to take charge of the child. He could not locate Mrs. Pellette or the child, Paul, as they had gone to her par ents at Pratt, on Tuesday, but she arrived in Liberal Wednesday night on No. 3. At 10 o'clock Thursday morning, before Pro bate Judge J. W . Campbell, who is also Judge of the Juve-ille court, the hearing was held. The state charged that the child was 'neglected and abused, and this hearing was to investigate the condition of the child, and decide whether the baby was to be placed in the charge of a probationary officer or left with the parents. The defense entered a demur which was overruled and then asked for a continuance on the ground that they had not had sufficient time to prepare the case. The request for continuance was denied. DOCTORS TESTIFY, The court then appointed Dr. A. L. Knisely and Dr. GeouJ Smith " to examine the 'child,"' and report to the conrt. While this was go , ing on, the witnesses were instruct ed to leave the room and were not parmitted to hear the testimony nor to discuss the case. Dr. Smith was called to the stand. . , ' Ques. "State to the court whether or not you found the con dition of the child normal." Ans. "No. There was a slight discoloration which was caused by a bruise." "How long has it been since the bruise was made" "It may haye been several days or it may have been one. It has probably been several days as the older the bruise, the less the dis cloratioh. The bruise generally gets more of a brownish or yellow color, and is not so red." "On what part of the child was the bruise?" - "On the left buttock and slight- THOS. L. HIGCINBOTHAM, M.D. Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat MILLER BUILDING LIBERAL, KANSAS City Property MUST SELL Price for one week $1500.00 1 I House and Lot Must Go Five room house, electric lights, city water, big barn, hen house, coal shed. etc. On a good street only two blocks from principal business corner of the town. See DAVID Office Phone 814 BETTER HAVE YOUR CLOTHES fefe QUALITY a G et f r Jni f 33 Years Successful Merchandising ly on the right buttock "How long would it take these marks to disappear?" "There is no way of telling. The mark might remain for only two or three days, or it might re main for a month. The disclora tion may not be at the exact point of the bruise. It may appear some where else in the same region of the body:" "What treatment would tend to hasten the dissolution of these marks?" "Heat, hot cloths, or the use of the leech." "Could you tell if this had been done?" "No; the only indication was a CURTIS Liberal, Kansas ore If At Summers That's why we are the this Store has PRESTIGE Growth that is attributable to pvblic demand for the best always carries prestige. We attribute our phenomenal growth entirely to the merits of Honest Business Methods and the Character of our Merchandise. The public has to admit there is that something "different" about our methods and merchandise which places and keeps us ahead. VXZI IB ENC H mm ! TAILOR tzO C LOTH Liberal, Kancas Cuymon. Oklahoma . Dalhart, Texas small amount of talcum powder.'' J . "Is the child's condition deli cate?" "No, it is in apparently good condition except for a slight erup tion on the face "Is that eruption temporary or has it been there for some time)" "In my opinion it has been there but for a short time.?' "Would that tend to make the child nervous and fretful?" "It probably would." The defense then cross-examined the witness. "How large a place did you see there?" "Probably one-third of the left buttock and one-fifth of the right buttock.".. , .. .. "Was it red or brown?" , "It was yellow or brownish." "What amount of force would be required to cause such a dis coloration?" "It would be hard to say exact ly. It would take a pretty hard spat with the hand or the child would have to fall a foot or two." "Isn't it a fact that the wearing of a diaper might cause a slight discoloration of that part of the body?" "Probably not, unless the child were out in the sun with nothing else on', then the skin under the diaper would keep the sun from tanning that part of the body." "Would continual spanking make it more difficult to discolor that part of a child's body?" "Well,, training in a muscle will make it harder and less liable to be injured by a bruise." Dr. A. L. Knisely, city health officer, then' was called to the stand. He told of the extent and location of the bruises which was the same practically as told by Dr. Smith. GLEAMED AMD J&fe Apt To 5 5 Biggest and Best, and JErS JfV.tJJtmO'i ZJuSZMEZti Qucs. "What was the cause o the discoloration?" "I don't know." "Could it have been caused by anything except a bruise?" "I don't think so." "In your judgment, "was it caused by that part of the body coming in contact with a person's hand or some hard object?" "Yes." "How long has it been since the bruise was made?" "I should say from three to six days." "Would ordinary chastisement of a child of that age produce such a condition?" Continued on page 3 Teacher's Examination There will be an examination for teacher's certificates, August 18- 19, beginning at 7:30. This is a special examination and will be held at the court house. It is open to anyone desiring a first, second or third certificate. Mary E. Todd, County Sup't. J. C. Glover of Sandie Quito. S. L. P., Mexico, was a caller at this office last Saturday. Mr. Glover weni to Mexico with what is known as the "Elk City, Okla homa, Colony" ffve or six years ago. He reports very dry weather and but partial crops in and about Sandie Guito. To Rent One quarter section to put in wheat; 3 miles west, 10 north of Liberal. Inquire, Liberal Dairv. 7-11-21 Miss' Kathryn Coons arrived from Canton, Kansas, Saturday to live on her claim in Pleasant Val ley. Miss Coons is a sister of Mrs. Frank Wheeler of this city. PRESSED AT PEARHE SUITOIUHPbnn P Artesian Welb U. S. Geologist Visits This Territory to Investigate Condition In the big Mitchell Six, with Cuas. Ellsaesser at the wheel, C. E. Woods, Dr. K. T. Nichols. J. W. Baughman, C. G. Eddy and O. E. Meinzer of tde U. S. Geo logical Survey drove to Hooker B'riday to see the drilling of the artesian well at that point. After several hours with the drillers, the party drove to Hugoton, where Mr Meinzer was taken in tow by the Hugoton boosters, and taken to Richfield the following day. He returned to Liberal Sunday, and from his statement the following account was written. THE HOOKER WELL The formation from the surface to a depth of 550 ft. consists of beds of clay and sand, such asare encountered in drilling ordinary wells in this section of the country. These beds of clay and sand are known by geologists as Tertiary deposits. The first water was struck at a depth of 130 ft. and the drill passed through seven other beds of water bearing gravel between 130 ft. and 550 ft. The drill then struck what is known as the Red Beds, which consist of red clay and shale, and at a depth of 640 ft., a four foot layer of gypsum was encountered. There is apparently no Dakota sand stone at Hooker for if this forma tion were present it would lie be tween the Tertiary deposits and the Red Beds. Farther north in this state and in Nebraska and South Dakota, the Dakota sand stone occursr- and yields many strong flowing wells, but if an.v flow is struck in Hooker, it must come from the Red Beds or some lower formation. ;. Thursday morning, a subscrip tion paper was started in Hooker, to continue the drilling. Wednes day, Aug. 16, the drillers had gone down 920 feet, the depth re quired by the state contract and the citizens by popular subscrip tion are going to drill as much deeper as is possible. Before noon. Thursday, $1500 had been raised and indications are that the amount will reach the $3000 mark.. Mr. Eckes over long distance phone said they were now drilling in a formation of gypsum and sand rock at a depth of 1000 feet. ... a. J v.. HIS EDUCATION- IS ASSURE IP YOU START A BANK- ., ACCOUNT FO Not only give your boy a "college" education, but also teach him to know the value of a BANK BOOK. Teach him to work and save while young. He will help make his own way through college and be a better man when he comes out Make OUR Bank YOUR Bank. Deposits Guaranteed by the Guaranty Fund of the State of Kansas ' CITIZENS STATE BANK Liberal, Kansas THE RICHFIELD WELLS The two wells drilled at Rich fietoby E. C. Wilson and E. VV. Dean show that the formations un derlying the town of Richfield and the territory two miles south (the location of the second well) are identical. The first sheet water was struck at a depth of CO feet. The. next 100 ft. consisted of alter nating layers of clay and water bearing gravel. From 160 to 260 ft. down, there were' ahernating beds of red and yellow clav. The drillers then struck the lied Beds. similar to those at Hooker, and shown in the geological survey to be underlying this entire south west fection of the state. At a deuth of 585 ft., in the Red Beds, was a hard layer ,of cap rock, a variety of hard sandstone. This layer of rock was not Dakota sandstone as has been reported, but just below this strata of hard rock, five feet thick, was the ar tesian water, at a depth of 590 ft. In one of the wells, from 620 ft., drilling was continued down for a depth of 130 ft., but showed merely that the artesian water was found in the Red Bods, which is ralher un usual. RICHFIELD ARTESIAN WATER An analysis of the water from each of the Richliold wells has been made by C. C. Vounjr. the state water analyst, at Lawrence, and the samples are almost iden tical. There is considerable evp- sum in the water from both wells. which is usually found in water from the Red Beds. The effect of this water is bad for boiler use as it is so hard that scales form on - the side of the boiler. It is verv hard for domestic purposes; and does not lather easily, . .The analysis also shows the presence of Epsom salts and Glauber salts, making it a mild laxative. The water carries a moderato amount of dissolved limestone. However, the presence of these chemicals does not lessen the value of the water for irrigating purposes. There is practically no common , salt or alkali in the water, and these are the two properties which would injure the water for irriga tion purposes. In conclusion, Mr. Meinzer said: "The underground formations at Richfield, Hugoton, Hooker and Liberal are probably about the same. The first few hundred feet below the surface the material Continued on page 3 MfilM ' !