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PROFESSOR ALBERT DICKENS TELLS WHEN
M : A!!D1I0W TO PRU!!E THE SHADE TREES; State ! Agricultural College Horticulturist Says Cuts Should be. Mad I While Trees Are in Full leaf A Wellshaped Tree ' .1 ! ' if Proper Care is Taken -j : Pruning. : t itmroK ntmrmsq professor OP HORTICULTURES, K. S. - xTTYTHEN ts the beat time to prune shade trees? is a question that comes very frequently to tne Horticultural De partment, and the old answer, "When ever your knife is sharp," Is particu larly applicable during this season of the year. Shade trees pruned while in full leaf will form new tissue about the wounds very readily and recover much more quickly than when pruned during the winter months. There are thousands of shade trees that should have some careful pruning In order to best serve the purpose for which they were planted. A shade tree should a. a The pollarding or dehorning of large trees Is a questionable practice. The shock to the artistic sense of the pass erby is a severe one and the tree that has ben thus severely cut back will rarely, if ever, entirely overcome the injury. In most cases It would prob ably be better to remove the tree and set a younger one than to cut the tree back to a bare forlorn stub. If the work is begun in time trees may be headed back carefully and the tree made to retain its shape for an indefinite length of time, but the work must be done frequently ana no great amount of pruning done at , J ' " " ' i t i , ' - 1 : The N. W. Beavor County Sunday School aseociaiion wil hold ita third annual convention at Bethel School house, located two miles north and three and one-half miles west of Floris, or seven miles east and two north of Lorena, pkla.:, Oct. 15, 1911, 10 o'clock a. in. 10:00a. in. &obg service. . .... . By Congregation Address of welcome..... Mr.'J. 0. Brown kespon.se. , Mr. O. B. Preston Relation of Sunday School to the Home Rev. Hailey How to care for the fiuancial side of the Sunday School.. Miss Mae Hill Suggestions and helps for Primary Work Mrs. M. VM. Maricle Song. '. By Class from N. H. Sunday School PICNIC DINNER 1.30 p. m. Praise service Led by Mrs. S. D. Still Business and reports from Sunday Schools, Report of the International Sunday School Convention. Mr. N. L. Falls Reports of the County Sunday School Convention. ' Miss Aubrey Gerkin Solo..!..V Miss Mao Hill The duty of Parents to the Sunday School ..Rev. M. Maricle Incentives to Faithfulness in Sunday School Work .T. B. Moore Question. Box. 4:00 p. m. Benediction Rev. Hailey ";.-,!' . NOTES. . Every Sunday School in the district to bring or send at least one question for the Question Box. Delegates please come prepared to give a written report of their SundaV Seliools, also take notes and report the good points to their home Sunday School. Come praying, all are cordially invited. Yours in thn Sndav School Work. , , ' COMMITTEE toofclisteii I a Don't Butcher Trees Like This. '1 be as nearly ideal;: in form as possi ble and a little cutting when the trees are young will do more to produce a well shaped tree than will any amount of cutting and sawing after the trees have attained any considerable age. The formation of forks should be avoided and In the case of street trees they should be pruned sufficiently high to allow the safe passage' of umbrellas and millinery. To secure this desired condition it is not necessary to plant poles. The tree that is set a little distance from the sidewalk may well carry branches sufficiently low to pro tect its trunk from the danger of sun scald, but as soon as the tree has frown to a greater height these lower ' branches should be removed until by the time the tree has attained a height of 25 or 30 feet Us branches are well - above the heads of the passersby. Many a town has a constable or mar shal or other guardian of the peace whose health would be much better if a part of hia hours were devoted to trimming tae.trees on public grounds and along the streets, but it requires fully as much intelligence to prune a tree correctly as it does to serve legal papers or Impound offending canines. Whenever a branch is to be re moved the cut should be made as close - to the stem from which it originates as is convenient. There 'is such a thing as cutting too deeply into the limb and making a larger wound than is necessary, but stubs even an inch long, will require a greater time to ' heal and are much more likely to be Injured by fungus diseases than where the cut is close to the stem. Stubs six inches or a foot long are lasting monuments to the ignorance and care lessness of the1 pruner and form a menace to the future welfare and. , health of the tree. - To retain the shade at the point at which it is wanted Is not always easy when trees of rapid growing species such as cottonwoods, Norway and Carolina poplars -nave been planted. any one time. Trees that have beea dehorned usually produce the new tops' at a point some little distance below the wound and these branches, coming as they do from the outeJ new growth just beneath the bark, are particularly liable to be broken oft and blown down by heavy winds or the weight of snow. The rights of the passerby have not been clearly denned. It would seem, according to the principles of ethics, that every freeholder .owes it to the passing public, to keep bit trees In as good condition and have them present as good appearance as he possibly can. When the street trees belong to the public there should be less difficulty In having them well cared for and maintain good form than is usually the case. The need of tree surgery would not be so com mon If more care had .been given during the formative period of their growth. As a general rule, the pruner should incline to leniency and hesl tate to remove a branch if there is any question about tbe need of its removal. The work of pruning may easily be overdone. If trunks which have previously been shaded are exposed to the direct rays of the sun, scald ing Is almost certain to be followed by the attacks of borers which near Iy always cause the death of the tree. Many of the elms and honey locusts In the streets of towns in central and western Kansas are infested with borers as a result of the sun scald ing of a part of tbe trees. Many a tree that has been highly prized for Its beauty and its service has died from these causes. It will require mary years to replace- these trees. The property is worth less as a re sult of careless, thoughtless work. The selection of a man to trim tbe trees is fully as important as the se lection of a city attorney, police Judge or city physician. ' ' THE PROPER FEED AND CARE FOR THE COLT The growing of horses, along with other kinds of live stock on the farm, can be made a source of profit by using , mares to do the farm work. The average farmer can ?alse a colt from each of these work mares, if they are given the proper feed and care, r, During the period of pregnancy the mare should have plenty of nutritious and wholesome food... Toward the latter part of this period the ration should contain a larger amount of nitrogenous' feeds, such as bran, oil meal and clover or alfalfa hay, and whenever possible, let the succulent pasture grasses form a portion of the ration. Heavy work ' should be decreased as the foaling time approaches, and It is well to give the mare a few days' rest before foaling. Provide a roomy bos stall for her and keep it clean, well disinfected, well lighted, and well ventilated. If fhe weather Is mild and agreeable, a well sodded pasture makes aa excellent foaling ing, give the mare very little grain, but plenty of clean, fresh water. Af ter a few days the grain ration may be increased gradually until the mare is getting enough to supply a goodly amount of milk for the colt and to keep herself In good condition. It is best to give the mare a couple of weeks rest after foaling before put ting back to hard work. Do not allow the colt to follow tbe mare while at work, but keep it in a tight but airy stall Be sure that the stall Is so arranged that the colt cannot hurt Itself. Bring the mare to tbe stall four or five times a day for awhile to allow it to nurse. As the celt grows .older this trip to the stall may become less frequent and after awhile the mare may be kept at work for a half day at a time without al lowing the colt to nurse. When the colt. becomes used to re maining away from Its mother, it may go to pasture with other horses, but it will be better for the colt to keep it in a darkened stall away from the flies. : It will begin to eat grain .wnM Only a few of those lots in the Baughman Addition left, and they are going fast. Get busy and get one of these while they last. They are fine lots and worth a great deal more than we ask for them. Lots in that part of the city are bound to advance in value more rapidly than in any other part of the city. We have and terms. We have 100 feet of ground on north Jordan Avenue for sale at right prices a half section of good land in South west Missouri that we will sell for cash or trade for land here. lots in th- HenryAddition at from $25.00 each and up. nine of the best Insurance Compa nies and can write all kinds of your insurance, or fnrnisth you with a bond. the largest land list for you to pick from. a desire to have you call on us and let us show you where you can make some money. Remember we make terms to suit you We have We have We have We have Ellsaesser& Henry . THE LAND AND LOT MEN For Bargains in Land Write to Gardner & Shinklc, Liberal, Kans. Arcade Barber Shop Harry Hoon, Proprietor, Clean - - Comfortable Only Skilled Workmen Employed Cement arid; Concrete V ' ') ''' .' ' - ' ' i ' ' Vlhrk See-V , : GHT Septic Tanks A Specialty City tot Market Fresh and Cured Meats, Poultry, Fish, Oysters, and Celery My Desire Is to Cater to all Trades PHONE 86 ,M,4t.' Physician and Surgeon J Office Over P. O. Res. Phone 180. Office Phone 235 Cjiisely Best Feed Sale and Livery Stable in Liberal. ' . JOHN FIZER, Proprietor. FLOUR: GROCERIES Want Something Good; in Coffee and Tea. Try Bows; It Has the " Flavor. CENTRAL GROCERY CO. PHONE 151 COAL FEED crsf HORSE.!5! ' well matched Hot only tne norses oui me Harness, If you have ood . norses it is essential that you should have the BEST HARNESS obtainable, and here is the proper place to come for all Horse Goods! The more you look into this the surer II a. e i i we are or sewing you a set uj Harness.' ' 1 " '-'MM PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON SIRCE0N ROCK ISLAND RAILROAD CO. Office on Kansas Ave., 2d Door South f aylor' Drug Store j plaee. k Tot the trat A&y.er to, ft f Uni weeks oil .