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THE LIBERAL DEMOCRAT
Mumtional Lesson LESSON FOR DECEMBER 17 EZRA TEACHES THE LAW. LESSON TEXT-Nehemlah g. MEMORY VERSE'S? a GOLDEN TEXT "The law of the Lord l perfect, converting the soul." Psa. 19:7. TIME One week after the completion vi me whiis in our last lesson. The drat day of the 7th month, B. C. 444. The be ginning of the civil new year ushered In by the feast of Trumpets. The seventh month Includes Iiart. nf SluntenihAi- on. I October. The 1st day of this month was vciouer in 1810. The seven days' feast of vs. 15-18 was the Feast of Tabenacles beginning on. the luth day of the seventh month. In Octo- uer. d. v.;. i, ana continuing 7 or 8 days. Leviticus 23. PLACK loriiMilani PERSONS Nehemlah the governor of ll UUt'U, Ezra. thA 8rrlhA n flilat nrlaat Artaxerxcs king of Persia, Including Palestine. Herodotus Is writing his histories in ureen UDOUI mis lime, 4otM3U is. C In spite of all opposition the walls of Jerusalem had been completed. The city was safe from her enemies. The character and conduct of the citizens had been restored, and was equipped for service. These complete an act In a great drama of providence, in which the courage that stands to duty In face or all danger and the faith that looks to God in prayer had been vindi cated. Hut these things merely meant Op portunity. They did not constitute a great city, nor a true kingdom, nor a holy nation, nor outward prosperity, nor a people of God. They only ren dered these . things possible. The great question now was how to re store the nation to 'its place in the kingdom of God, how to build up a pure, righteous, noble people, who should be depositories of the true re ligion, who should proclaim It by iukii uvea uua luiigues, wuu snouiu hold up the True Light before the world. The first means was the instruc tion of the whole people in the Word of God. After a week's rest from the severe labors of building the wall, the civil New Year's day was ushered in by the blowing of trumpets, and horns with mouth-pieces of gold; and this "memorial blowing" continued all day from morning till evening, proclaim ing a day of rejoicing, like our Christ mas bells. It was to proclaim God's covenant, to sound victory over Satan, to sound a call to repentance, as it ere a blast to walte men from their sleep of sin. - ,. The people gathered themselves to gether as one man, including men and women, and all the children old enough to hear with understanding. This is the true Ideal of the church all the congregation in the Bible school; all the Bible school in the congregation; and everybody in the whole community in both. And no church, and no body of churches, in any town should be satisfied with less. There should be a frequent and accurate census by a federation of the churches, for this end. Ezra the Scribe and Teacher sud denly appears at this time. Where be had been during the 13 years betwee'u his reforms and the coming at Ne hemlah to rebuild the wail is un known. It seems most probable that he returned to Babylon, and continued his studies of the Law of Moses, and when ho learned of Nehemiab's great work he also returned to Jerusalem, and was prepared to forward the re ligious training of the people, as soon as Neheraiah's work for their material safety was completed. It was the people themselves that requested Ezra to read the law to i them, the law of Moses. This testi fies to a general knowledge of the existence of a book the contents of which, so far as they are known, agreed substantially with our Penta teuch. Ezra did not originate this law. The books of the law, and the history of Israel had been scattered in separate books in various places dur ing the distracted times of Israel's later history. Ezra codified, edited, brought together, the law of Moses, and its unfolding during their history VArv much An rpntnrlpft Intnr tha scat tered writings of the apostles were united into our New Testament. But It was the law of Moses, which the Lord had commanded to Israel, a real word of God. This was the beginning of a new era nf Bible studv. Very few of the Deo- ple could have Bibles, for they were rare and expensive. Few could read even if they had books. The reading and the teaching were chiefly by the priests. Now came the time of the people. Synagogues began to be es tablished for teaching 'the law In every tftn'n nnrl vMlaaa 'i'hd nonula muot lUKII Mil. H.IUB. . UV fwiiv " 1 " ' hear for themselves, and all of them be taught and . trained In the Scrip tures. The greatest need of our times is more and deeper religious life. Re ligion is, after all, the principal thing; that a mere readjustment of ethical formularies is not enough; that a deeper note than this must be struck If we hope to restore the lost har mony to the human soul and the so cial order. There must be something to worship, something that klmlles our purest love and marshals our highest loyalties. Nothing less than this will meet the social need of the time, which Is a cail for a radical Change In ruling ideas, for a mlgalj reconstruction of Ideals, County School News. By Mary E. Todd. LIBERAL DEMOCRAT GAL ....ONE If we knew what hearts are breaking . for the comfort we might bring If we knew what souls are yearning for the sun3hine we might fling If we knew what feet were weary walking pathway a rouehlv la d We would quickly hasten forward stretching forth our hands to aid. If we knew what friends around us felt a want thev never tell: That some word that we had spoken pained or wounded where it fell We would Bpeak in accents tender to each friend we chanced to meet We would give to each one freely sialics or sympathy so sweet. The new school laws have come one for each school district. Call and get one, please, .Mr. School Boards Districts 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 24 2G, 27, 29 have received theirs. v J. A. Jarrett, clerk of district 27 made us a'pleasant call Monday af ternoon. His sou, Hiram, will start to school after the holidays and re view the common school branches Hiram is one of last year's common school graduates. He hopes to be able to come to Liberal next year or go to .Manhattan or some other good school. New York Is to spend $30,000,000 on education this year. Seward county is to spend about $28,000, about $21 for each child in the coun ty between the ages of 5 and 21 Parents should see to it that their children are in school every day. .Mr. A. G. Thompson, clerk of district No. 10 came in and straight ened up his books Saturday. He al so turned over a new leaf and began the new school year 1911-12 on a new page. The district has no bal ance on hand to begin the new school year. We hope they will do better next year and have a little balance left to tide over the finances of the district until the next taxes come in. Each school district should try to have enough balance on hand to start in with. One school district starts in this year with a balance on hand of $855.42 enough to pay all indebtedness for the ensuing year and have a goodly balance left for next year. Yet this district's levy for the year is 1 1-10 mills. Miss Lyda Hanses, who teaches in district 16 called to see us Saturday and talk over school affairs. Miss Hansen is teaching in a sod school house and has 21 boys and girls in attendance. Miss Vivla Jones, who teaches in Antelope valley, district No. 7, came in to Invite us to her thanksgiving program. We hope we may be able to go and join in the good time thai all are expecting to. have. A card from .Miss Bessie Odneal containing many good wishes for us for Thanksgiving was received with pleasure. Please accept our thanks Miss Bessie. , Messrs. Clyde Martin and Burton Mann came in to tell us all was well with them and their schools. Bur ton has just closed his second month of school. Come again and come of ten. We are always glad to see you and talk with you about your school and its work. Last Tuesday we visited Ethan Green's school and Miss Hazel Whit- aker's school In district No. 15. We found good work being done in both schools and suggested changes wen accepted cordially by both teachers. Mr. Green is an experienced teacher, while Miss Whitaker is teaching her first school. We spent Tuesday night with .Mrs. Lydia McClure, who has a tine ranch of 1,900 acres on the Cimarron. She told us she and her husband planted every tree and put up every building on the place. She has all the wild grapes and wild plums that she needs both tor winter and summer. Sht Is planning after the holidays to ac company her son, Raymond, to some good business college In bur state ami take a needed rest while Raymond attends college. Raymond is all she has left of her family. We spent a most enjoyable evening in hei home. Wednesday we visited Mr. R. O. Flanders' Jchool and found him do ing most excellent work. The school was graded according to the course of study and everyone was carrying his work. Mr. Flanders has bought the reading circle books and what is better is making a 'study of them. District 24 has the poorest school house In the county a little soddy yet for the past three years has had one of the best schools in the county. He and Mrs. .Mary Sliger have taught two of the best schools In the county. He is now teaching his second term. We ate dinner Wednesday with Mrs. Kneeland and bad a very pleas ant little visit with her as we wished to visit the school in her district that afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Kneeland have but, two children, Bennie ani Nile, and their whole ambition is to educate them. They employed Miss Lottie Hinlim a year ago last sum mer to teach them during the sum mer that they might get more thor ough knowledge., of the common school branches Tliey iu truly lit- com FORTS AT. COST PRIG You don't need to freeze these cold nights for lack . of bedding. We are heavily overloaded on comforts, and they are the Chas. A. Maish Pure Laminated Cotten Down, all guaranteed to be absolutely pure and sanitary. Regular prices and reductions are as follows: IB Regular price $ 1.25, Cut Price $ .98 1.50, " " 1.15 2.00, " " 1.48 2.50, " " 1.98 3.00, " " 2.39 3.50, " " 2.85 These should be very acceptable bargains at this season of the year, and you should lay in your supply while you can have the advantage of this saving. These especially at these prices are no more expen sive than many others of inferior makes. I. S ing for their children. Wednesday afternoon we visited the school in district No. 23, taught by Miss Laura Woods. We found it to be a very small school in num bers, there being about a half dozen pupils present. They all worked at their leJBons diligently during our Isit and. Miss Laura Is doing her best o help them In thfir work. We stayed all night with Mr. and Mrs. Robert Davles and family and had a most enjoyable visit. Their eldest daughter, Susie, is a graduate of Manhattan. She graduated in do- nestic science and takes hold of the liome work Just fine, and just the .vay every girl ought to do In the ome. Their son, Price, who grad uated from the common schools a ear ago, is now attending school in ilanhattan. .Miss Amy Howies was .is teacher last year and he tqok the rst year in high school work while ,olng to school to her. The agricul tural college accepted the work of :he rural school and gave him credit or the same. He likes .Manhattan ery much and is doing good work there. We wish every, common school graduate could put In at least one year in the Agricultural college at Manhattan. We visited the school that is being taught by Miss Grace Gleason Thurs day morning. She has a nice little ;roup of pupils aud all are trying hard to make their grades and be ready for a higher grade next year. tome of the children have to come a long ways to school and are tired out when they get there. They are ill studious. According to the tabulated school ensus of the school population of Kansas just completed by State Sup erintendent Fairchlld, Kansas lost 634 school children last year. The greater part of the loss has been in the country and small towns. This county gained last year about 133 pupils. Saturday afternoon a goodly num ber of teachers met In the olfice of the county superintendent and ex- banged Ideas on the topics suggest ed by the reading circle books. .Mrs. Vickers presented chapter III to the teachers under the following heads: The habit among eminent men of setting up specific purposes of study. Examples of specilic purposes." A few ways In which specific purposes are valuable. First, as a service of motive power; second, as a ba.-ds for selection and organization of facts; third, as a promise of outcome of study in conduct. The fitness of the hildren In the elementary branches to select specific purposes of study and practical suggestions for teach ing children to find specific aims for their study. Mrs. Clyde N Martin then took up the topice, "Practical suggestions ror teaching children to supplement thought Importance of using text books Kind of text to be preferrel --Character of suggestions to be put Different type of reproduction- he dangers of three R's aud spell- A Piano will make as nice a Christmas present to pour family as you could possibly buy anywhere. Cable & Sons Pianos are guaranteed for ten years and are for sale in Liberal at our store only. A car load of new furniture has just been unloaded here and it will fill your every want. Our line of Rocking Chairs is especially attractive. Make our store your headquarters when in Libeial. Our rest room is open all day for the convenience and comfott of the ladies. afe & So i Dfldw. C Everything From a Threshing Machine to a .Needle ing as to habits 'of reflection. We all enjoyed the two chapters in How to study and teaching .how to study, nnd many valuable points were con sidered. Miss Gertrude Marriage presented chapter III In "The Teaching of Gec grnpliy ObBf rvational Representa tive Descriptive and Rational geography, also tho social phase and Its Importance.- . Mr. Fullmer presented chapter IV, "The relation of Geography to the Sciences." Mr. Lawrence, chapter V "The Relation of Geography to His tory" and Miss Bertha Lawrence chapter VI, "Ainu of Geographical Study," First, aims as stated by leading educatois Second, Adjust ments to environment Third, Intro duction to the natural sciences Fourth, unifying principles following other sciences Fifth, The practical value of geography and last but nut least, the culture aim of geography. Our author believes geography cmi contribute to culture aod Is theielo.o a culture study.