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THE DEMOCRAT, LIBERAL, KANSAS.
all -mexico may unite ih effort to fight off ' American inuasioh ANTIHUERTA LEADERS, ANGER ED BY. CAPTURE OF VERA CRUZ, MAY JOIN FORCES. CARRANZATURNS AGAINST U. S. Indications Are That America, Will Soon Find Both Factions In Mexico Arrayed Against Her In Letter to President Wilson, Rebel Chief Says He Regards Attack on Vera Cruz as War Against Mexican Nation, Chihuahua, Mex. Replying to a' tel egram from Secretary Bryan, at Wash ington, General Carranza telegraphed that the United States is not Justified in occupying Mexican territory. ' "The Invasion," says the letter, "will drag us (Mexico) Into an unequal war -with dignity, but which, until today, we desired to avoid." . The unofficial translation of the text of the letter follows: ""United States Consul J. C. Caroth- ers: - ."In answer to the message of Sec Tetary of State Bryan, which was com municated to me through you, please transmit to the said Mr. Bryan the following note, addressed to Mr. Presi dent Wilson: . "Awaiting the action of the Ameri can senate on your excellency's mes sage directed to said body, caused by the lamentable Incident which occur red between a crew In a whaleboat of the cruiser Dolphin and the soldiers of Usurper Huerta, certain acts of hos tility have been executed by the naval forces under command of Admiral Fletcher at the port of Vera Cruz, and in the face of this violation of na tional sovereignty which the constitu tionalist government did not expect, from a government that had reiterated its desire to maintain peace with the Mexican people, I comply with the duty of "elevated patriotism In direct ing this note to you with a view to exhausting all honorable means before two friendly nations sever the pacific relations that still unite them. And the Mexican nation, the real people of Mexico, has not recognized as Its ex . ecutlve a man who had pretended to launch a blemish on Its national lnteg Tlty, drowning In blood Its free Insti tutions, consequently the acts of the usurper, Huerta, and his accomplices do not signify legitimate acts' of sov ereignty; they do not constitute real public functions, and - much less do they represent the sentiments of the Mexican nation which are of co-frater- nlty towards the American people. Huerta Cannot Deal With U. S. "The lack of representative general character of General Huerta as repre senting the relations of Mexico with the United States, as well as with ' Argentine, Chile, Brazil and Cuba, had teen clearly established with Justifi able attitude of these nations who have refused to recognize the usurper, in this way lending a valuable moral support to the noble cauBe I represent. "The usurped title of the president of the republic cannot Invest General Huerta with the right to receive a de mand for reparation on the part of the United States, nor the right to grant a satisfaction as due, "Victoriano Huerta is a culprit who 1s amenable to the constitutionalist government, today the only one under the abnormal circumstances of our nation which represent the national sovereignty In accord with article 128 of the political constitution of Mex ico. The Illegal acts committed by the usurper Huerta and his partisans and those which they may yet perpetrate, be they of an International character, as those which recently occurred at the port of Tampico, or of a domes tic character, shall be tried and pun ished with Inflexibility and prompt ness by the tribunals of the constitu tionalist government. ' "Will Drag Us Into War." "The Individual 'acts of Victoriano Huerta never will be sufficient to fn- volve the Mexican nation in a disas trous war with the United States be cause there is no solidarity whatever between the so-called government of Victoriano Huerta and the Mexican nation for the fundamental reasons 'that he 1b "not the legitimate organ of our national sovereignty. "Moreover, the Invasion of our ter ritory and the permanency of our forces In the port of Vera Cruz are a violation of the rights that consti tute our existence as a free and inde pendent sovereignty and which will drag v into an unequal war with dig nity, but which, until today, we de aired to avoid. "In the face of the real situation through which Mexico traverses, weak, more so than ever after three years of bloody strife and compared with the formidable power ot the American na- MAP OF VERA CRUZ i . . 7. ; : k-' ;- V ; ' V tt. i. . ..v.v.w.v e-. . . . . v.v.v.v.v. v rn sooo r skt JLJ h 1-iT CEMETASL x" tlon, In considering the acts commit ted at Vera Cruz as acts highly offen sive to the dignity and independence of Mexico and contrary to your reiter ated declarations of not desiring to sever the state of peace and friend ship with the Mexican nation and in contradiction also with the resolution of the American senate, which has Just declared that the United States does not assume war against the Mex ican people; neither do they propose to levy war against it, considering also that the hostile acts already accom plished exceed those exacted by equity for the desired end which may be considered as satisfied. "Plate Get Out." "It not being on the other part the usurper who in all cases should have the right to constitute a reparation to Interpret the sentiment of a great ma Jorly of the Mexican people which Is so Jealous of Its rights and respectful of the foreign rights, I Invite you to suspend the hostile acts already initi ated, ordering your forces to evacuate all places which they' hold in their power In the port of Vera Cruz and to formulate before the constitutionalist government which t represent as con stitutionalist governor of the state of Coahuila and first chief of the consti tutionalist army the demand on the part of the United States for the acts which originated at the port of Tam pico in the security that the demand will be considered in a spirit of ele vated justice and conciliation. "The constitutionalist governor of the state of Coahuila and the first chief of the constitutionalist army, "V. CARRANZA." Bryan's Letter. The letter from Carranza was In spired by the following to him from Secretary Bryan: "The president does not desire any resolution that could be construed as authorizing him to engage In war. All he asks and all that will be given is a resolution declaring that he Is Justi fied In using the armed forces to compel redress of a specific indignity. He has been careful to distinguish be tween General Huerta and his usp porters on one side and the rest of the Mexican people on the other si Jo. He has reiterated his friendship for the Mexican people and his desire to establish for themselves a constitution al government. The taking of the cus toms house at Vera Cruz ' was made necessary by Huerta's refusal to make proper reparation for the arrest of the American sailors. The constitutional ists are represented in the newspapers as standing 'aloof from the controver sy. This is a very .proper attitude, and we hope that they will not misunder stand the president's position or mis construe his acts." Trade Falls Off. New York. Trade with Mexico from he port of New York Is expected to ( -ase immediately. There has been a heavy falling off In Mexican ship ments during the revolution though since the lifting of the embargo on arms and munitions shipments of these materials have been made. CITY AND HARBOR 7tr jinWk, ay tf .-,m arr ,ws vV . . . .. WHY WILSON ORDERED QUICK NAVAL ATTACK Daniels Got President Out of Bed at 4 a. m., to Tell of German Ship "Seize Customs House," Pres ident Wilson Said, Over the 'Phone. Washington. The story of how President Wilson ordered the customs house at Vera Cruz to be seized, was revealed as follows: The president had gone to bed Mon day night, after having read his mes- sage to congress, The senate was de bating the Joint resolution to approve the use of the army and navy, and the president had determined to with' hold action until the resolution pass ed, although feeling that In an emer gency the executive had ample auth ority to act. At 4 o'clock Tuesday morning. Secretary Bryan received a cablegram from, Consul Canada, tell ing of the approach of a German ves sel with a tremendous cargo of ammu nition for Huerta. A number of loco motives and many cars were In read iness to rush the arms for Mexico City. Mr. Bryan telephoned Secretary Tu multy, who deolded to awaken the president. He telephoned the white house. The servants were timid, hut Mr. Tumulty insisted. Finally the president came to the phone and while Secretary Tumulty was explaining the situation, Secretary Daniels called up and was put on the same line. He, too, had a dispatch about the annmi notion. Rear. Admiral Fletcher had sent a wireless that 15,000,000 rounds of ammunition and 520 machine guns would be landed' from the German vessel by noon that day. The presi dent listened in silence. "What shall we do?" asked Secre tary Daniels. "Tell Fletcher to seize the customs house," replied the president, without hesitation. "Good night," Bald the secretary. The telephone conference ended and In a few minutes wireless dispatches were on their way to Rear Admiral Flet cher. He received the massage at 10 a. m., and an . hour later American marines had landed and taken pos session of the customs house. The amunltlon will go back to its ship pers in Germany. MEANS WAR AGAINST ALL. London Papers Don't Think Wilson Would Turn Mexico Over to. Villa. London. The editorial view of a majority of the London papers Is that the United States is now committed to war with Mexico and that It will be impossible " to localize the war against Huerta. The Daily Chronicle says: "We can not suppose that President Wilson Is asking his' coun trymen to spend money and shed their blood merely to replace a villain like Huerta. by a villain like Villa." CALLS CARRANZA'S BLUFF. Wilson Answers Chief by Saying He Will Go Ahead No Matter What Rebels May Do. Washington. President Wilson Is sued the following comment upon the Carranza statement: "I wash to reiterate with the great est earnestness the desire and inten tion of this government to respect In every way possible the sovereignty and Independence of the people of M exico. "The feeling and Intention of tho government in this matter are not based upon politics. They go much deeper than that. They are based upon a genuine friendship for the Mexican people and a profound interest In the re-establishment of their constitution al system. ' " "Whatever unhappy circumstances or necessities may arise, this object will be held steadily in view and pur sued with consistent purpose so far as this government Is concerned. "But we are dealing -writh facts. Wherever and whenever the dignity of the United States Is flouted, Its Inter national rights or the rights of Its citizens Invaded, or Its Influence re buffed, where it has the right to at tempt to- exercise It, this government must deal with those actually In con trol. It is now dealing with General Huerta In the territory he now con trols. That he does not rightfully control It, does not alter the fact that he does control It. We are dealing, moreover, only with those whom he commands and those who come to his support. With these we must deal. They do not lawfully represent the people of Mexico, in that fact, we rejoice, because our quarrel Is not with tho Mexican people and we do not desire to dictate their affairs. But we must enforce our rightful demands upon those whom the existing author ities at the place where we act, do, for the time being, represent." CONSOLE PARENTS OF DEAD. Secretary Daniels and President Send Letters of Sympathy to Relatives of War-a First Victims. Washington. Letters expressing the profound Borrow of President Wilson and Secretary Daniels, at the death of the four sailors and marines at Vera Cruz, were dispatched by the sec retary of the navy to the parents of the men. The letters were addressUJ to Wll Ham Poinsett of Philadelphia; Mrs McKennon of Brooklyn, N. Y., mother of Coxswain Schumacher; Mayer Mar tin of Chicago, and Michael Hagerty of Cambridge, Mass. - Mr. Daniels wrote to each : Dispatches from Vera Cruz, convey lng the distressing news that your son was In the first line to give his life for his country, saddens all Amer lea, as the tragedy brings gloom Into your home. "My feeling and the feeling of the president to you In this sad hour was expressed by President Lincoln, when on November 21, 1864, he wrote to Mrs. Blxby, of Boston, whose five sons gave their lives fighting under the American flag: "'I feel how weak and fruitless must be any words of mine which should attempt to beguile you from a loss so overwhelming. But I cannot refrain from tendering to you the con solation that may be found In the thanks of the republic they died to save. I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your be reavement and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost and the solemn pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sac rlflce upon the altar of freedom.' " HE'S FIRST WAR HERO. First U. 8. Seaman Killed at Vera Cruz Eulogized by Congressman. Washington. George Poinsett, of Philadelphia, seaman on the Florida, killed at Vera Cruz, was eulogized In the house as "the Worth Bagley of the Mexican trouble." Represents tlve Moore of Pennsylvania, In calling attention to the fact that Poinsett was the first man killed In the Inerven Ion In Mexico, declared hat, "whether we have entered upon this war wise ly or unwisely, we have at least dem onstrated our wisdom as a nation In being prepared for war." He added: 'A father who yielded to his boy's desire to serve his country has been bereft of son, but the nation has add ed the name of that boy to Its roll of heroes." Japan Stays Out. Toklo, Japan Japanese government officials declared that the attitude or the Japanese government in the Mexi can situation was naturally one of strict neutrality. It was pointed out that the Japanese warship Idzumo was now at Guayamas on the Pacific coast and could arrange for the embarkation of Japanese residents in Mexico, should such a step become necessary. President Wilson Was 8ad. Washington. "I'm sorry, terribly sorry," were President Wilson's first words when news of loss of life in taking Vera Cruz first reached him. The president was sad and disheart ened. As he walked slowly to his of fice through the white house, his head was bowed and his face showed deep feeling. pysraoriTowo CITY F MEXICO AMERICAN FORCES ADVANCE IN LAND FROM VERA CRUZ TWO ARMY BRIGADES GOING. TO BACK UP THE General Villa Says He Won't Fight the United States Balks at Rebel War Plan Refuses to Be "Dragged" Into War With America." Washington. United States troops have been moved forward to rein force the American navy at Vera Cruz, the embargo on arms Into Mexico has been formally restored, and troops or dered" to Mexican border, primarily to relieve uneasiness among border residents, but also a precaution against hostile military operations along the international border. Secretary Garrison announced that a brigade of Infantry and some artil lery under Brigadier General Freder ick Funston hud been ordered to em bark on the four army transports at Galveston for Vera Cruz, to support the expeditionary forces of murines and bluejackets there. The chance that General Maas, the federal general, might make a return attack on Vera Cruz with reinforce ments and the possible necessity of a forward movement toward Mexico City to protect fleeing Americans and the Vera Cruz railroad were underly ing causes for the military movement, 1 loth Nelson O'Shaughnessy, the American charge d'affaires, and Senor Algara, the charge d'affaires of the Mexican embassy, have been given their passports. This is not regarded by the Washington government as pre saging war, but a declaration of war by Huerta would not be unexpected. The United States has chosen Brazil to look after Us Interests In Mexico Where there are no Brazilian consuls, French consuls will act for the Unit ed States. EI Paso, Tex. General Francisco Villa, head of the rebel military forces, Informed George C. C'arothers, special agent of the state department, that he will decline to be dragged into a war with the United States by any body. "Why," he smiled, as he threw an arm about the broad shoulders of the government representative, "all Eur ope would laugh at us If we went to war with you. They would say 'that little drunkard Huerta, has drawn them Into a tangle at last." Villa said that he was not consulted In the drafting of the Carranza note transmitted to Secretary Bryan and which was regarded as somewhat hos tile In tone. The rebel leader told Carothers, who reported the Interview to the state de partment, that one of the chief reasons he came to Juarez was to show the American people that his at titude was friendly and that he did not fear to trust himself on the border without a military escort behind him. Carothers took supper with Villa and canvassed the situation thorough ly. "Honest," the rebel general said, "I hope the Americans bottle up Vera Cruz to tight they acn't even get wa ter Into It. Your admiral la doing something It would have taken ue a long time to accomplish If we could have achieved It at all." The general brought with him a hundred woven rugs of the softest lambs' wool as a present for General Scott, who recently left Fort Bliss to become assistant chief of staff at Washington. Carothers promised to forward the present along with Vil la's congratulations on Scott's promo tion. The rebel position Is that the Amer ican troops should be withdrawn from Mexican soil, Carranza recognized as de facto president or at least as a belligerent, and the punishment of Huerta and other Individual offenders left to the rebels. They hold that Car ranza, if recognized, would not hesi tate to apologize and disavow the acts of him whom he considers a traitor. "I think his statement was fair ana frank," said Pesqueira, his envoy, "and by no means a threat of war." Pesqueira said as giving evidence of the peaceful Intentions of the rebel government that Carranza had refused a number of offers from federal gar risons to Join him If he would take the Held against the United States. General Villa received reporters and made guarded replies to a number of questions. Asked If foreigners would be pro tected should the tebels be brought Into a war against the United States, he replied: 'Our forces in an event which I hope will not come about, would take the opportunity of proving to the world that we are a civilized people and capable ot following all rules ot civilized warfare. I would give per fect guarantees to all neutral foreign- j VENUSTIANO CARRANZA, t ! Supposedly Friendly to the U. S., But Who Has Turned Against Her. era and am willing to vouch for this personally." When asked whether he would Join forces with Huerta In war against fhe United States, he said: "As I have already stated, such an event- is Improbable, but to answer your question, I must state that I am a soldier and am ready to follow all orders ot my chief, General Carran za." Asked "to express nn opinion on General Carranza's note to President Wilson, General Villa replied : "It was written with the brain ot a Saxon and the soul of a Latin." He would make no statement as to his opinion regarding President WU son'B message of yesterday to Gen eral Carranza beyond the following: "I am a soldier and not a diplo mat, and In that capacity it would be Improper for me even to comment on that matter." , Pesqueira made the following for mal comment on President Wilson's statement of today : "The wishes and Intentions which, he mnnlfests to respect by all mean the sovereignty of my country Is an other evidence of the great moral standard of President Wilson, and I expect further developments to fur ther prove It." i ANOTHER SQUADRON TO LEAVE. Daniels Orders Sixteen Big Ships to Eastern Coast of Mexico. Washington. Secretary Daniels ls Bued orders forming a special service squadron for service on the east coast of Mexico. Rear Admiral Cameron McR. WIiihIow has been seelcted to command and will hoist his flag on the New York Sunday or Monday to Join the fleet now In Mexican waters. The special service squadron will consist of battleships New York and Texas, armored crulserB Washington and Montana, the Tacoma, Des Moines, Chester, Salem, Nashville, Dol phin, Castlne, MachlaS, Paducah, Wheeling, Petrel, Engle and other ves sel s that may become available from time to time. Most of these vessels are well adapt ed for Inshore work on the Mexican coast and the experience and ability of Rear Admiral Wlnslow eminently fits blm for command of his squad ron. Admiral Wlnslow, who has been chosen to command the special serv ice squadron. Is now at the naval war college at Newport. It had been gen erally understood that he was to suc ceed Admiral Badger in command oC the Atlantic fleet upon the relief ot that officer. The creation of the special service' squadron recalled to naval veterans the assembly of the famous "flying squadron'' under the command of the Jate Rear Admiral Wlnfield Scott Schley In the early days of the Span ish war. Only in the present Instance the special service sqadron Is com posed ot the most Incongruous ele ments, ranging from the most power ful battleships in the world, such as the New York and Texas, to the tin iest gunboats, such as the Petrel and Eagle, each with a Spanish war rec ord. This squadron, starting with six teen vessels and likely to be augment ed to two aeore, will be serviceable for blockading purposes and the small er craft will be particularly useful for Inshore work. ATTACK TRAITOR ORATOR. Riot In New York When Speaker " Says Flag Isn't Fit to Defend. New York. An open air meeting in Park Row, opposite the city hall, broke up In a riot when a former. United States sailor attacked a speak, er representing the "anti-military con- ference," who had shouted at the top. of his- voice: "The American flag la not fit to defend." Police reserves bad to use their clubs before th crowd would disperse. W1Y IS: " I