The Germans are said to be having a hard time In the snowy lands of the
sleighs and sledges as ambulances to convey the wounded to hospitals.
FIVE-GENT-LOAF FOR TEN CENTS WOULD
COST UNITED STATES $1,375,000,000
Rise in the Price of Wheat Lays a Tax on the People of This
Country Which Makes the War Tax Look Small Increased
Demand for Other Cereals Causes a Rise in Their Price,
Too Means "Clover" for the Agriculturist.
New York. The rise In the price of
wheat is laying a tax on the people of
the United States which makes the
"war tax" of $100,000,000 look small.
The standard "five cent loaf" has gone
to six and even seven cents In many
cities, and predictions of a ten cent
loaf are numerous in responsible quar
ters. What does this mean to the Ameri
1 George S. Ward, member of a great
bread-making concern, figures that
Americans consume on the average a
barrel of wheat flour a year. From
each barrel 275 standard five cent
loaves of bread can be baked. For each
rise of one cent in the price of the loaf
every American must pay $2.75 a year.
The census department figures that
the population of the United States
passed the 100.000,000 mark some time
In January. So each one cent rise In
the price of the loaf means a tax on
the country of $275,000,000. A rise
from 5 to 10 cents will coBt us $1,375,
000,000. But this will not be the total cost.
With the rise in the price of wheat
there is an increased demand for
other cereals barley, rye, oats and
corn and these rise In price, too. A
further tax Is laid on the consumers of
rye bread, who are very poor; and It
costs more to eat "corn pone" also.
The hogs are fed mostly on corn, and
If the farmers' corn Is worth more,
they will get more for pork and meat
prices will rise in consequence. So
we are in for an era of high prices;
what those who were of mature age in
1861-1863 will remember as the "war
For the farmer it will be "clover."
We raised 891,000,000 bushels of wheat
this year and a larger area will be
seeded next year. When wheat rises
from $1 to $1.50 the farmers of the
country get $445,500,000 more without
any extra effort, and if prices rise $1
the vast sum of $891,000,000 will drift
into the farmers' stockings.
Good Prices for Grain.
In addition, the farmer is getting
most gratifying prices for corn, oats
and barley in fact, almost everything
except apples, which are plentiful and
cheap. This $445,600,000 which a 60
cent wheat rise brings will buy more
than a million substantial automobiles.
No wonder the agriculturist breathes
an atmosphere of gasoline.
The high prices for wheat are based
more on expectation of shortage than
actual shortage. Weil informed men
say that if the European war were
speedily terminated it would take at
least two years for Europe to get on
Its old wheat production basis. And
there appears no prospect of peace.
. Here are the figures showing there
is no actual wheat shortage. Exports
at the present rate of 8,000,000 bushels
a week can continue practically up to
the time of harvesting the 1915 crop
without depleting the adequate supply
of wheat in this country. The United
States department of agriculture fig
ures there is an Increase of 4. 1C0. 000
acres In the amount of winter wheat
. planted for harvesting this year. The
weather baa been good for winter
wheat and last year's enormous yield
of 19 bushels an acre may well be ex
ceeded. Figuring conservatively on a
15 bushel yield, however, 61,600,000 ad
ditional bushels of winter wheat alone
should be harvested this year. Crop
experts say that with average good
fortupe the spring wheat yield should
be Increased 40.000,000 bushels. The
total for 1915 should be 1.000,000,000
bushels, or 100.000.000 more than last
year's record crop. This is enough to
supply America and furnish a surplus
of aliout 416.000.000 bushels for export.
Government computations show last
year's crop was 891,017,000 bushels,
which, with a surplus of 77,000,000
USE SLEIGHS AS AMBULANCES
bushels from 1913 gives a total avail
able supply of 960.000,000 bushels. It
takes five bushels of wheat for a bar
rel of flour, so the consumption Is 600,
000,000 bushels. Then 84,000,000 bush
els are needed for seed, making total
requirements of 584.000,000 bushels.
Thus this year we had 316,000,000
bushels available for export.
8urplus Not Exhausted.
Since July 1, 1914, at the end of
which month the war started, the
United States had exported 208,000,000
bushels of wheat up to February 1.
Thus 108,000,000 bushels are left for
Europe. Some statisticians make the
amount 144,000,000. Taking the lower
figure, if we export at the rate of 8.
000,000 bushels a week, the surplus
will not be exhausted until some time
This computation is very Interesting
and is UBed by many persons as basis
for an argument that the prices of
t. heat are fictitious and based on some
sort of a conspiracy. But It Is to be
remembered that the whole Idea of
produce is to anticipate future short
ages, and a world shortage seems
probable, despite the bright prospects
this holds out for the United States
The Italian government has been
buying heavily at Chicago, It is known.
and many believe other Eurooean
states are ' directly responsible for
much of the spectacular rise. The
French and English fleets have not yet
been able to force the Dardanelles,
and 150,000,000 bushels of Russian
wheat stay tied up In Black sea ports.
Russia is unable to ship this food to
her allies of the West, France and
If the Ui "ed States chose to keep
til her wheat for herself, prices would
be very low in this country, certainly
below $1 at Chicago and quite prob
ably 75 or 60 cents, which would mean
bankruptcy for the farmers.
In many sections of the country,
however, sentiment is growing for an
embargo act. There Is the precedent
of the war of 1812 for this Then an
embargo was laid on the exportation
of all foodstuffs in order to try to
starve out Great Britain, then our en
emy. Officials of the department ot
justice at Washington say that the
right to do thU exists In congress un
der the federal Constitution.
Several senators and representatives
have declared themselves In favor ol
limiting the export of wheat, among
them Representative Farr of Pennsyl
vania, who favors a partial embargo on
the export of wheat and flour because
he believes the standard loaf will go
to eight and then ten cents In price
before two months more of the grt-at
war have passed.
Advocate an Embargo.
Another strong exponent of an em
bargo is Mrs. Julian Heath of New
York city, president of the House
wives' league, which represents 1,000,
000 American women. Mrs. Heath
says that the Housewives' league has
realized for some time that increased
prices for bread were Inevitable and
has been sending notice to its mem
bers to1 make no effort to attack the
bakers, because the latter are not re
sponsible, but are forced to charge
more because their flour costs them
"The average housewife would do
well to learn more ot the use of corn
meal" says Mrs Heath. "The price
of cornmeal has not gone up to any
appreciable extent as yet, and, even
though it did go up, It would remain a
cheap and very nutritious food, and
could be made to take the place of
part at least of the weekly bread sup
pl needed by a family."
Another measure of relief which is
widely advocated la the closing of the
produce exchanges, ilany believe
THE DEMOCRAT. LIBERAL, KANSAS.
eastern theater of war. Tbey use
this would end speculation and would
cause the price to rise much more
Every telegram from Chicago has a
new tale of fortunes made br the
traders in wheat. "Killings" unequaled
for many years are reported. Joseph
Leiter. famous for his attempted cor
ner of 189S, is again "in the market"
and Is said to have made $500,000 al
ready, with prospects of much more.
He bought heavily when wheat w s
around $1.28, May option, In Chicago.
C. B. Llvermore, a New York stock
trader, has turned to wheat this winter
and made great winnings, It Is said,
and C. W. Partridge, a Chicago mer
chant, has amassed a comfortable for
tune. A. J. Llchstern and John Bar
rett are others who have profited ex
ceedingly. These successful traders
have believed firmly from the first that
the great war meant high prices for
grain. They have history to back
them. During the American revolu
tion wheat selling at 93 cents In 1776
gradually rose to $3 a bushel. High
prices continued because ot the Na
poleonic wars In Europe. When the
Crimean war broke out wheat went
kiting. It had been 38 cents in 1854
and by 1855 It was $1.85. Wheat was
62 cents In 1861 and it climbed to
$J.85 In 1867. The Franco-Prussian
war of 1870-1871 saw price; go from
74 cents to $1.60 and then crash to 92
In 1876, when the Russo-Turkish war
began, wheat brought 83 cents. It
wept to $1.76 and broke to 77 cents
when peace was concluded. In the
course of the Russo-Japanese struggle
or 1094-1905 wheat went to $1.21 and
then slumped to 69 n.U in 1906.
AT LAST THE RABBIT CAT
They Hop Like a Rabbit and Their
Cry Is Something Like
Bay Mlnette, Ala. Two freak kit
tens belonging to the home of John
Mann who resides a short distance
west of this place, are attracting con
siderable attention. The kit. ens have
many characteristics of the rabbit and
appear to be a cross between a cat
and a rabbit. They have front feet
with claws or a cat and hind feet
with those or a rabbit. In moving
about, they hop as does a rabbit, and
their "meouw" Is more like a grunt
or a faint bark.
PICKS PRETTIEST GIRLS
C. W. Dei.yon Nicholls. governor
general or the Society of Colonial
Cavaliers, has again chosen the two
most beautiful girls at the Southern
Relief ball In Washington. Each year
he chooses two This year they are
Miss Caroline Falrchlld Stewart
(above) and Miss Anna Wright Huake
(below). Both young ladles are
blondes and these are new pictures ol
them made the day after the ball.
a IT-v- r. - s
yX t prl'"""!'!!1,.-- I
I iMMiiMMj " ''"?--. , .- . m . . " JMIpill
iW'V 4 -w.'Vjl'T- ! ;fV'iii' '-'w Cm- JjTj''
" III Wl li"''!!!'! 11111'' Hi V'l --VV llli il r -i 1 i MIMfrr'-t i WliU()i)l.t.i...i.' i.titai,-.;; ift.v.;
This remarkable photograph, taken from tho crow's nest of the British warship Invincible, shows the final
scene In the battle between the English and German fleets oft the Falkland Islands. In the foreground are the
survivors of the German flagship, and boats from a British dreadnaught are seen starting out to pick them up.
CHARITY B: REPAID
Meal for Beggar Wins Two Sis
ters $25,000 Bequests.
Ill Wanderer From Bohemia Rewards
Benefactresses in Chicago
Promise to Remember Them
in Will Was Laughed At
Chicago. Four years ago a young
man, 111 and hungry, applied at the
rear door of a house in South Marsh
Held avenue for rood. The maid called
her mistress and the latter went to the
'Come in," she said. "You are cold.
Warm yourseU at the fire."
The young man was touched by the
woman's kindness and nearly broke
"You are a Jew, are you not?" aald
the woman. "Don't be afraid to talk.
You are under the root ot a Jewish
The young man recovered himself.
He told a story of coming to America
from Prague, Bohemia, and of finding
himself homeless and penniless. He
was too proud to let his people know
An hour before he appeared at the
house in Marshfield avenue he was
discharged from the county hospital.
He had fallen in the street from ep
ilepsy, and the hospital kept him
The woman, greatly moved by his
Btory, gave him a warm meal and let
him sleep that night In the basement
An old suit of clothes belonging to
her husband was given him and he
was sent to a boarding house' by his
benefactress and her sister.
His health became so bad that It
was found necessary to deport him.
He returned to Bohemia in September,
The woman who was kind to the
Jewish boy received word from a
firm of lawyers that by his death she
was left $25,000. The same amount
was bequeathed her sister.
Mrs. Jennie Wolf of 801 South
Marshfield avenue is one of the bene
ficiaries of the will. Her sister. Miss
Bessie Gordon of 3059 Jackson boule
vard, is the other.
They were notified by L. O. Thieme
& Cc Rector building, who were
BUNDLES FOR THE IDLE
New York families responded heart
ily to a Bundle day campaign organ
ized by the mayor's committee for the
relief of the unemployed. - From all
parte of the city came bundle of
clothing, hats, shoes and every other
possible item of wear. The Illustra
tion shows Mrs. Vincent Astor at the
headquarters of the committee assist
log in the distribution of the bundles.
FINAL SCENE IN GREAT NAVAL
commissioned by a Prague attorney
to find the two women.
Mrs. Wolf Is the widow of Harris
Wolf, a wholesale dealer in notions.
William Popper was the name of
the young man who knocked at the
kitchen door of the Wolf residence. He
was the son of a Prague art dealer,
and had run away from home.
"He used to often tell us that when
he died he would remember us in his
will," said Mrs. Wolf. "We would
EVERY MAN TO GET OFFICE
Kansas Town to Hold Election In
Which All Males Will Land
Kansas City, Mo. The glory of
Nickletown, Kan., Is now like the
glory that was Rome's gone. Time
was when Nickletown aspired to be
the county seat of Woodson county
and to be rated among the flourishing
county towns or Kansas. But those
aspirations, along with nearly all or
Nlckletown's pnpulation have de
parted. Nickletown, however, refuses to re
linquish its identity as a real town. It
is going to hold a town election next
spring anil select regula. officers.
There Is .one cheerful feature in It
for the male residents of Nickletown
all of them will get offices.
There are now only four families
left in the town. T. Q. Allen, Frank
Willis, George Cowles and Oscar Mul
sow are the men now remaining.
Cowles is at present police Judge. He
says that office suits him and he wants
to keep it. The other three have
agreed to let him have his little whim
gratified. So the trio all plan to run
for mayor and the two losers' will con
stitute the town council. It's up to
the women to cast the deciding vote,
as all three men say tbey will vote
for themselves. It is considered like
ly that the man who treats his wife
best in the time between now and
election will stand the rosiest chance
or getting to sign "Mayor" after bis
Nickletown Is in the northeast .virt
or Woodlawn county.
INITIATION FEE IS ONE HOG
Knights of Pythias Lodge Now Has
New Member and Fine
Albany, Ore. A pig was the unique
initiation ree which Walter Miller, Jr.,
paid to Join the Knights of Phythtas
lodge. So, as the result or an offer
and an acceptance in a Joking spirit
the lodge now has a good hog which
is worth more than the customary
Miller had expressed a desire to
join the lodge and was signing an. ap
plication for membership when be
asked the amount or the initiation
"I've got a lot of good hogs and will
trade you one of them for my Initia
tion fee," he remarked Jokingly, and
members of the lodge promptly ac
cepted the offer. He volunteered later
to keep the hog and reed It tree ot
charge until the lodge desired to sell
it. and this he is doing.
SOLDIERS SEND MONEY HOME
Amounts Handled by the German
Postal Authorities Are
Berlin. The soldiers in the field are
sending home all the money they can
spare, and the amounts handled by
the postal authorities are in the aggre
gate very large. According to a state
ment or the postmaster of Dresden,
one single division or the Saxon re
serve sent borne during one month 20.
000 postal orders amounting to 800.
000 marks O200.000), Tie same au
thority computes the amount paid out
on such orders during that month by
the various offices within Its district
at 2,500,000 marks, which, at the same
ratio for the whole empire, would give
a sum approximately 100.000,000
Cigars and Cigarettes Highly
Prized at the Front.
German Soldier Exchanges 50 Clgar
'ettesfor Whole Steer Throw Dice
to Decide Puffs of Cigar for
Berlin. Cigars and cigarettes are
the most highly valued articles at the
front. In an Interesting letter. Just
received here, a German soldier tells
or a trade where be exchanged 60
cigarettes ror a whole steer. ' H
"Most or our boys at tho front are
Inveterate smokers. Tbey know the
value or a good weed. Sometimes a
good smoke will make you forget that
your Btomach Is empty.
"For the last two days I have been
subsisting on bread and cigars. Our
field butcher the goulash gun. as. we
call it cannot come up to the battle
line, and so we must live on what
we carry in our knapsacks. A heavy
black cigar will tide you over for
a day when there is nothing' else to
"A few days ago we were all long
ing for some fresh meat There was
none for miles around. Suddenly a
Bavarian detachment came along, with
a whole drove of cattle. First they
refused to let us have any. but after
some bargaining they traded a fat
steer for 60 cigarettes.
"Every soldier in our army is sup
plied with two cigars every day at
present Besides almost everybody
receives tobacco from home. But some
of the cigars we receive are terrible.
They were so bad we could not smoke
them. So we threw them over to the
French, who eagerly gathered them in.
Tbey were so delighted tbat'they gave
us Bome cognac in exchange. This was
before they commenced to smoke the
cigars. After they had lighted them
they got highly indignant and com
menced to fire at us like mad.
'There were days when we had noth
ing to smoke but dried tea leaves and
straw. Then again we have tobacco,
but nothing to light our pipes with.
We are not permitted to have fire in
the trenches, ror the smoke would
draw the enemy's fire. Matches are
very scarce and our electric flashlights
give light, but no fire. So one of my
comrades has overcome this difficulty
by using a strong magnifying glass
which he found In the pocket of a
French officer killed in battle. This
works all . right when the sun la
"At times cigars were so scarce we
had to throw dice in order to decide
to how many puffs each one ot us
was entitled. I was unfortunate enough
to get only three puffs."
GIVE HIM A GOOD SPANKING
Chicago Official Advises Mother of
Fifteen-Year-Old Boy Who
Chicago. "Madam just take your
son home and give him a good spank
ing; then Bend him back to his wife,"
advised Juvenile Officer Michael.
Loftus to a mother who complained
that her son, James O'Malley, fifteen
years old, bad without the knowledge
or consent of his parents acquired a
wire seven years older than himseir.
It was related that Master James
had married Miss Selma Arndt in Man
itowoc, Wis., last September, and
broke the news when he came home
ror the holidays. His mother desired
to keep him here, but he protested that
be could not desert his wire.
Newspaper Appeal Brings $256,000.
Leipzig, Germany. In response to
an appeal made by the Leipzig Tage
blatt 19,197 persons have brought a
total or 1,023.000 marks ($256,000) in
gold to that newspaper to be ex
changed for bank notes. The gold baa
been turned over to the ReichBtaik."
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