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THE LIBERAL DEMOCRAT. THURSDAY, OCT. 24. 1918.
UNCLE SAM'S ADWCEONFLU U. S. Public Health Service Issues ; Official Health Bulletin 1 ' on Influenza. ' '.' WORD ON SUBJECT, LATEST Epldemlo Probably Not 8panlsh In Origin Gefni .Still Unknown Peo i pie Should Guard Against "Droplet Infection" Surgeon General Blue Makes Authoritative Statement Washington, D. C (Special.) A1-, though King Alphonso of Spain was one of the victims of the Influenza epi demic In 1893 and again this summer, Spanish authorities repudiate any claim to Influenza as a "Spanish" dls-' case. If the people of this country do not take care the epidemic will be come so widespread throughout the United States that soon we shall hear the disease called "American" Influ enza. In response to a request for definite Information concerning Spanish Influ enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the U. S. Tubllc Health Service has authorized the following ofllcial Inter view : What la Spanish Influenza? Is It something new? Does it come from Spain? "The disease now occurring In this, country and called 'Spanish Influen a' resembles a very contagious kind of 'cold' accompanied by fever, pains, Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases As Dangerous as Poison Cm Sheila In the head, eyes, ears, back or other parts of the body and a feeling of se vere sickness. In most of the cases the symptoms disappear after three or four days, the patient then rapidly recover ing. Some of the patients, however, develoo pneumonia, or Inflammation ' of the enr, or meningitis, and many of these complicated cases die. Whether this so-culled 'Spanish' influenza Is identical with the epidemics of Influen- ' ta of earlier years is not yet known. I "Epidemics of Influenza huve visited this country since 1647. It is Interest- 1 Ing to know that this first epidemic 1 was brought here from Valencia, I Spain. Since that time there have ' been numerous epidemics of thj dls- ! ease. In 1889 and 1890 an epidemic'1 Si JalS'-ii?8; starting somewjierj In the' Orient,- spread fVst 16 Russia and thence over" priU'ticaTly the entire civ ilized' world. Three yeurs later there was nnother flare-up of the disease. Both times the epidemic spread wide ly over the United States. "Although the present epidemic Is called 'Spanish Influenza,' there Is no reason to believe that It originated in Spain. Some writers who have studied the question believe that the epidemic came from the Orient and they call at tention to the fact that the Germans mention the disease as occurring along the eastern front In the summer and fall of 1917." How can "Spanish Influenza" be rec ognized? "There Is as yet no certain way In which a single case of 'Spunish lnflu enzn' can be recognized. On the oth er hand, recognition Is easy where there is a group of cases. In contrast to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs and colds, which usually occur in the cold months, epidemics of Influenza may occur at any season of the year. Thus the present epidemic raged most Intensely In Europe in May, June and July. Moreover, in the case of ordi nary colds, the general symptoms (fever, pain, depression) are by no means as severe or as sudden In their onset as they are in Influenza. Final ly, ordinary colds do not spread through the community so rapidly or ao extensively as does Influenza. "In most cases a person taken sick with Influenza feels sick rather sud denly. He feels weak, has pains In the eyes, ears, head or back, and may be aore all over. Many patients feel dizzy, some vomit. Most of the pa tients complain of feeling chilly, and with this comes a lever In which the temperature rises to 100 'to 104. In most cases the pulse remains relative ly slow. "In appearance one la arruok by the fact that the patient looks sick. Bis eyes and the inner side of bis eyelids may be slightly 'bloodshot,' or 'con gested,' as the doctors aay. There may be running from the nose, or there may be some cough. These eigne of a cold may not be marked ; never theless the patient looks and feele very sick. "In addition to the appearance and the symptoms as already described, examination of the patient's blood may aid the physician In recognizing 'Span ish Influenza for tt has been .found CABBAGE! CABBAGE CABBAGE Kraut making time is here. We have the Cabbage tons of it. Wouldn't it be a joke on the Ger mans to win the war bv making Kraut? It will help. Prices $50.00 PER TON $2.50 per cwt. Smaller quantities but you will not want small quantities. POTATOES POTATOES POTATOES Smooth, well matured Western Slopes at $1 .50 per bushel. 5 to 10 Bushel Lots $1.45 Bushel If you bring your sack or take them in bulk, 10c per sack off, Buy your winter supply now. They are at the low ebb in price and are in condition to store away. THE EAGLE MERCANTILE CO Phone 66 Liberal, Kansas FROM CREDIT TO CASH NOVEMBER 1 After careful consideration of the interests of both custo mer and merchant, we believe the cash basis to be the safest and most satisfactory method of conducting our grocery business un der prevailing conditions. The cash system when once estab lished means that we shall be able to sell to all at a closer mar gin of profit. The large cost of keeping accounts will be elimin ated as well as the losses which are bound to come in any credit business. The wholesale firms over the country have taken this step, which makes it practically imperative for us to follow. A credit account as good as gold is no help to us when it comes to writing checks for our wholesale bills. Therefore, after November 1st we will require cash for all groceries upon delivery. We trust that our customers and friends will appreciate the necessity of the change at this time. We shall be glad to further explain to any who desire to talk it over. For the convenience of the housewife in making change we oiler coupon books of various denominations. Enterprise Mercantile Co tbat in this disease Oie number af white corpuscles show little or no In crease above the normal. It Is possi ble that the laboratory Investigations now toeing made through the National Research Council and the United States Hygienic Laboratory will fur nish a more certain way In which Indi vidual cases of this disease can be Tecognlsed." What Is the eourae of the disease? Do people die of It? "Ordinarily, the fever lasts from three to four days and the patient re covers. But while the proportion of deaths In the present epidemic has generally been low, hi some places the outbreak has been severe and deaths have been numerous. When death oc curs It is usually the result of a com plication." What causes the disease and how Is It spread? "Bacteriologists who have studied In fluenza epidemics In the past have found in many of the cases a very small rod-shaped germ called, after Its discoverer, Pfetffer's bacillus. In other cases of apparently the same kind of disease there were found pneumococcl, the germs of lobar pneumonia. Still others have fceen caused by strepto cocci, and by others germs with long names. "No matter what particular kind of germ causes the epidemic, It la now believed thai Influenza Is always spread from person to person, the germs being carried with the air along with the very email droplets of mucus, expelled by coughing or sneezing, forceful talking, and the like by one who already lias the germs of the dls-. ease. They may also be carried about In the air hi the form of dust coming from dried mucus, from coughing and sneezing, or from careless people who spit on the floor and on the sidewalk. As In roost other catching diseases, a person who has only a mild attack of the disease himself may give a very severe attack to others." What should be done by those who catch the disease? 'It Is very Important that every per son who becomes sick with Influenza should go home M once and go to bed. This will help keep away dangerous complications and will, at the same time, keep the patient from scattering the disease far and wide. It Is highly desirable that no one be allowed to sleep in the same room with the pa tient In fact, no one but the nurse should be allowed la the room. "If there la cough and sputum or running of the eyes and nose, care should be taken that all such dis cbarges are collected on bits of game or rag or paper napkins and burned. If the patient complain of fever and headache, he should be given water to drink, a cold compreaa to the forehead and a light sponge. Only such medi cine should be given aa la prescribed by the doctor. It Is foolish to ask the druggist to prescribe and may be dan gerous to take the so-called 'safe, sure and harmless' remedies advertised by J patent medicine manufacturers. 1 "If the patient Is ao situated that he can be attended only by some one who must also look after others In the fam ily, it Is advisable that such attendant wear a wrapper, apron or gown over the ordinary house clothes while in the sick room and slip this off when leav-i Ing to look after the others. ; "Nurses and attendants will lo wen, to guard against breathing In danger-;' ous disease genus by wearing a simple fold of gauze or mask while near the , patient" I Will a person who has had Influenza before catch the disease again? "It is well known that an attack of measles or scarlet fever or smallpox usually protects a person against an other attack of the same disease. This appenrs not to he true of 'Spanish in fluenza.' According to newspaper re ports the King of Spain suffered an attack of Influenza during the epl .leinic thirty years ago, and was again stricken during the recent outbreak In Spain." How can one guard against Influ enza? "In guarding against dlseuse of all kinds, It Is Important that the body be' kept strong and able to fight off dis ease germs. This can be done by hav ing a proper proportion of work, play and rest, by keeping the body well clothed, and by eating sufficient whole some and properly selected food. In connection with diet, It Is well to re member that milk is one of the best all-around foods obtainable for adults as well as children. So far as a dis ease like Influenza is concerned, health authorities everywhere recognize the very close relation between Its spread and overcrowded homes. While It Is not always possible, especially In times like the present, to avoid such overcrowding, people should consider the health danger and make every effort to reduce the home overcrowd ing to a minimum. The value of fresh air through open windows cannot be over emphasized. "When crowding Is unavoidable, aa In street cars, care should be taken to keep the face so turned as not to In hale directly the air breathed out by another person. "It Is especially Important to be ware of the person who coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth and nose. It also follows that one should keep out of crowds and study places as much as possible, keep homes, offices and workshops well air ed, spend some time out of doors each day, walk to work if at all practicable In short, make every possible effort to breathe as much pure air as pos sible. "In all health matters follow the ad vice of your doctor and obey the regu lations of your local and state health officers." "Cover up each cough and sneeze, If you don't you'll spread disease." On account of the prevailing epi demic the Red Cross rooms are closed until the quarantine is lifted. Last w eek a number of the ladies met at the rooms and made 220 gauze masks to be used in handling ibe influen :a cases and are available to the public. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Littrel and chil dren visited relatives in the northern part of the state last week. On their return they spent the night with Mr. and Mrs. Joe West in Scott City. Mrs. Cora Eldridge is attending to her duties as matron at the depot to day. She has been compelled to be at home for more than a week, she and her two boys having had the "flu." Mrs. Tabler arrived from Kansas City Friday for a visit with Mr. Tabler. Mrs. Nertina Bane, who has spent several months at the home of Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Bane, left yesterday for Kingfisher, Oklahoma, to visit another son. She was accompanied by her son, B. R. Bane, of Wheeling, West Virginia, who came a short time ago to return with her. Mrs. Marion L. Hayes received word from Sergeant Hayes at Camp Funston yesterday stating that he was leaving for Camp Pike, Arkansas, tbat day where he will enter an offi cers training school, having passed all exahinations for entrance a few weeks ago. Friends of Mr. and Mrs. Jas. S. Jones have received announcements this week telling of the arrival of James Samuel, Jr., at their home in Hiawatha, Kansas, October 12. Mr. Jones was a bookkeeper at the Peo ples State Bank here for about a year leaving for Hiawatha last spring to accept a similar position. Mrs. H. W. Lane received word this week from her father, Peter Vessels, of Amsterdam, Calif., stating that Mrs. Vessels passed away Sept. 19, cancer being the cause of death. Mr. and Mrs. Vessels will be remembered by the old timers, as for several years they conducted a dry goods store on the east side of Kansas Avenue, and Mrs. Vessels was postmistress here in Liberal when the town was new. Mr. and Mrs. Vessels have been making their home with their foster daughtr who was formerly Miss Vangie Gors-aline. BUY FEED Now We Have On Hand BRAN SHORTS CHOP OATS COTTONSEED CAKE COTTONSEED MEAL LINSEED MEAL SHUMAKER FEED TANKAGE CHICK FEED FLOUR meal SALT Vickers Grain & Seed Co. The Government has reduced Tire production 50 per cent and has asked all dealers to sell tires only where old tires are com pletely worn out. The situation is serious The answer is Have Them Repaired We can do the repairing promptly and satisfactorily. Buy Michelin Tires and Palmer Cord Tubes because they 1 ' last longer. Tire Hospital