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The Kanzas News.
V." B. r PLU21B, : S ? Proprietor and Editor. ' H. ' JIIIirr03f, : S Corrpdnding Editor. t -- EMPORIA, IfANZAS: SATTJRPATnr:-ri;r.: JUJrE 6, 1837. i - i ., Salutatory. ' It is cftstomary to say a few words, ia the , 1 7-' . . it - ionn oi a saiuiauon. iu lire viuuc. uwu cuixi- setting- forth the -object and aims of each publication. '-' ' We do not intend to pronmlge any parlio uiar creed as the one which we design advo cating; but leave, ourselves free to act inde- jst:iiLiciiuyt aAU acvunuug wu war vvuu:uuua ' of right and duiy. Standing on, the broad principles of Humanity and Freedom, we "shall hot cease to strike at oppression in what ever form or wherever ft may be found. We admit of no middle ground between right and wrong no compromise tettk ttii; and we shall act with no party that has not "Uni versal Freedom' inscribed on. its banner. The struggle now goiag a between Free dom and Slavery is a death one; one or the other must succumb, - The agitation of this Question will sot and should not ston until ev ery bondsman is made free, or until every poor man (white or black) is made a slave. Thi3 is the - alternative presented. ; Be lieving this we shall never cease our war fare with slavery.' "The Truth lose3 noth ing by agitation," therefore, we shall agitate. We believe that . the public lands should be made free to actual settlers; that it is the duty of the Government to declare the great truth that there is no value in land, but in 'the labor and capital with which it .is im proved. On thi3 subject we shall take oc casion to speak more at length hereafter. Aside-from these objects we have local du ties to perform; to aid all in our power to wards developing the resources of Kanzas, and assist in advancing her moral, intellec tual and material prosperity. In doiniL this we shall tdre no undue "preference to any portion of Kanzas, but seek to advance the interests of the whole. Having neither, personal popularity or money, our paper must stand on its - own : merits exclusively. All we ask of the pub- " lie is a fair hearing. With these few re marks we submit our sheet to the public. V Gov. Walker Address. We had allowed ourselves to indulge in . the hope, after reading the pledge made by Gov. Walkes at Lawrence, that a reign of justice and peace wa3 about to take the place of the one of terror which has prevail ed so long in Kanzas. But our hope wa3 dispelled on reading the Inaugural Address of Mr. Walker. He is evidently laboring to mislead the people in regard to the true issue before them. He appeals to their pa triotism and love 6t the Union. Patriotism, according to Mr. Walker's definition, would doubtless mean "The Union, Freedom or no freedom; Slavery national. Freedom sec tional, ii so, nis appeal wiii iau on stony ground. What the people of Kanzas want. before railroads, universities, or anything else, is justice; and Mr. Walkek will doubt less live long enough to ascertain this fact. If he will specify what he intends doing as Governor of Kanzas, we shall know where to meet him, but until he does, we may be allowed to receive his manifestos with a cer tain degree of suspicion. Acrobatic perfor mances are very amusing at times, but they will not answer now. We wish for no more "ground and lofty tumbling" on the part of our Executives. Homesteads for the People. " From the material inequality in the con dition of humanity, proceeds most of the social and political evils with which our present system of society is cursed. Place man in a condition of material independence, surround the worker with the true condi tions and rights of Labor, " and you remove from his path the depressing influences which now obstruct his progress. Therefore, we are at war with. Slavery, because that institution crushes Labor and degrades Industry. Therefore, we are in favor, as the basis of all true progress, of placing every man and woman in a position of Industrial Independence. Not only are we at war with Slavery, but with every oth er institution or custom that militates against the attainment of that position. . From this 6tand-point we look upon the present policy of the General Government that dictates the sale of the public lands, as short-sighted "and injurious to the best in terests of the country." The land belongs to the people and every adult person in full possesion of their powers, have a right that no government can justly withhold, to so much of the people's domain as will make a home for themselves and posterity. If the land of the U. S. were all withdrawn from market, kept from the hands of - rail road and other speculators, and each bona fide settler had provided a homestead of one hundred acres of land, the material, so cial and moral prosperity of the whole na tion would be trreatiy ennanced thereoy. . We are in favor of Land Reform and all measures calculated to bring it about, be cause the people have a right to a home on the soil, : and because the bitter struggle of povertv which thousands have 30 endure, tends more than aught else to. degrade and demoralize . the human being. Many fin minds have crushed beneath their feet and risen superior to the evils of poverty; yet where one has so risen an hundred nave been trodden down-. Give the toiler his God-giv-en-Shhcritaiica and - ws "will see the desert bloort s.nd blossom with beauty and honest : iaiiistry, and manly independence and wo- EianJy gtaerosuy , and kve will grow apace and quicken into glorious life, bringing forth ; .blossoms of beauty and works of harmony -and truth. : - - . To the He rubers of the Legislature. of the State or nanzas: . - Gxstlemes: At your session in Janua ry last, . you adjourned to meet - on the Sth of June following. - That day is near at hand, and as it approaches, the interest felt in the result of your meeting hourly increases. This interest arises mainly from the fact that you were elected as the . exponents of a principle, which, in seeking its own legiti mate extension in Kanzas, has been tram pled in the dust, and 'all who have dared, to uphold it have been subject to the vilest persecution.! " .The times have changed somewhat since most jof you were elected, but not for the better. . A corrupt National Administration now, as "then, endorses, the" enactments of the Missouri usurpers, and persists in its attempts to'enforce them, even at the point of toe Federal, bayonets; atro cious crimes are committed in the sacred name of justice; . the liberties of the people are trampled upon in Freedom's holy name; fraud and force reign triumphant, and the life of every man is in his own hands. In view of this state of axlairs the duties devolving upon you are of a serious and im portant nature.- An- outraged, . scorned and betrayed ptople, look to you for protec tion and relief. 5 Order loving and law abi ding, the people of Kanzas ask but for laws adequate for the protection of their proper ty and the security of their lives and liber ties. Such laws they will uphold and main- Cain at all hazards. They ask of you the passage of such laws, according to the au thority vested in you. by the Constitution under which you were elected. . That Con stitution was framed by a delegate conven tion of the people of this Territory, in Oc tober, 1 855, and ratified by the popular vote in the December following. The largest delegate Convention ever held in the Terri tory, met at Topeka on the 10th of March last, and unanimously resolved that this Con stitution was still the choice of the people of Kanzas, and as such they would support it, There can be no doubt therefore, of the wish of the people in regard to the course you shall pursue. Your most important duties are prescrib ed by the Constitution, and do not need re capitulation here. We have faith that you will well and truly perform all the duties enjoined upon you by that instrument. The welfare of Kanzas demands it. The success of a great principle depends upon it. Fbee- dom calls and it i3 yours to obey. The eyes of a nation are upon you, watch; ins: your movements witn , intense interest. If you are firm for the right, the people will protect and uphold you, although your de struction should be attempted by the forces of the United States Government. Keep fresh before your vision the glorious exam ple set by the patriots of '76, who pledged their "lives their fortunes and their sacred honor" to the cause of Freedom', Bogus Apportionment for Delegates. We publish Acting Governor Stantos's proclamation of the apportionment for Dele gates, in accordance with the provisions of the Census Act, passed at the last session of the Missouri-Lecompton Legislature. We always considered the whole things to be in tended as an instrument for our enslavement, and the returns of the Census takers as shown by this apportionment are even more palpably fraudulent than we supposed the pro-slavery party would make them. According to the divisions as defined by the Shawnee Mission usurpation, there are thirty-eight counties in Kanzas, and as the reader will perceive by a careful perusal of this proclamation, only fourteen of them have ever been visited by - the census takers. But twenty only of these counties have any representation assigned them, and out of the sixty delegates, to which number the Con vention is limited, the three river counties, Doniphan, Atchison and Leavenworth, easy of access from Missouri, and supposed to be strc nglypro-slavery,have twenty-four.-John son county has three. This county in which the Shawnee . Reservation is situated, and which at the time the census was evppbsed to b taken, had not fifty legal voters in it, is returned, as having eight-hundred and nine' ty inhabitants, of whom four hundred and ninety or nearly e eighths', are set down as voters. Linn, Lykinsj Bourbon and Mc Gee counties have ten delegates, making m all for the river and bordercounties, thirty- seven out of the sixty delegates composing the" Convention. Any person who traveled in the last named counties in Jlhe early part of March last, can very well understand how it is these thinly populated districts should tare so much larger a delegation than thick ly populated interior counties, in which the Free State people are so largely in the ma jority, that voting emigrants from Missouri dare riot come. .- ' ; - In Brown, Jefferson, Bifey, Shawnee, Richardson and Davies counties,', though nine delegates have been assigned them, yet no census has ever been taken in them. - The mode by which the basis for appor tionment was arrived at can only find a par allelin the past history of Kanzas, or that of the late Democratic majority for Presi dent in Peimsylvania, In Shawnee Co., the ' old poll books of Tecumseh, once pro-slavery town, . were taken and 263 names copied from them. .' The same thing was doubtless done in Jefferson, "Brown and Kfley, for in Davies and - Richardson they did not take that trouble, not conceiving it of any use for them to be represented. , By observing the total of population,' it will be perceived they set down the . whole amouixtas twenty-five thousand six hundred and twenty-five ' persons, of whom nine thousand two hundred and fifty-one are voters,'-rjialdni: over one third of the whole of their population ftdults end legal vo ters. What say the.l l Titnesy Xatianal Era, and other northern journals, that have for some time past beea-findiftg fault with the people . of Kanzas 'for not voting at the coming election, to this"developmment; of the nefarious plot to fasten a pro-slavery constitution upon us? . Are they nofsati fied that the experiences -of the past suS ciently justified the Topeka Convention in recommending the no-voting policy "Out of the abundance of . the heart .the mouth speaketh, and out rthVloulsIni of iniqui ty "'from whence .sprung thi3 enaotment, iio th ing but a poisonous miasma . can be ex pected . to . come, and therefore t whoever touches it must necessarily be defiled and corrupted. The' Free State people of this Territory know well that every effort of their opponents is meant only to enslave tivsa, and they are determined, not to " touch the "unclean thing,"- but to proceed steady with their work of organization under the Topeka Constitution. . , - , ; . Organized Emigration. . T Hitherto the settlement of all new Territories hare been attended with much of privation and many hardships, on the part of the hardy pioneers, who eTer form the vanguard of civilization. Go ing forth from the older . States, either ia families or alone, our fathers struck out over the broad prairies or wandered through tie magnifievni primeval forests of the West and South-vest, till finding a 6pot to suit them, they built their log cabins and proceeded with the work of making a home in the wilderness. living: thus in isolation. far from neighbors, the nearest settlement often a week's journey, and. apart from all the advantages of society, education and all the blessings of civil ization, the hardy men and women who laid broad and deep the foundations of our magnificent "Wes tern States, encountered much in their. work of making "the wilderness blossom like a rose." This day ve trust has in great measure passed away, and from the inception of Kanzas settlement anew era in emigration has dawned upon the American people. . The necessity of meeting the steady and persistent encroachments of slavery started in the fertile brain of an enterprising Yan kee, Eu Thates, of "Worcester, Mass., the idea of Ocoaxizep Emigration-. The N. E Emigrant Aid Company was the first fruits of that suggestion, That Company has been of great assistance to Kanzas. It has enabled the emigrant to travel cheaper,, more comfortably and , with .pleasant companions. Instead of settling the pioneer down in isolation in these vast prairies, it chose suita ble locations, furnished information, brought capi tal to encourage the settler, and removed much of the first rough edge off from life in the West. More than that, it taught the people that by association for a 6pecifie purpose, they could accomplish their object of making homes in the wild for themselves and their posterity, better, much better, than they could alone. The foil result of the idea underly ing the Emigrant Aid .Company movement, can only be told in the future; yet, even now w can feel a portion of the benefits arising from it. That movement had the effect of early directing a more intelligent, reliable and . go-ahead class of popula tion to Kanzas, than new Territories are generally blessed with.;.. It, combined with the struggle for Freedom, here, with which it is intimately connect ed and forms a part, haB tended to 11 our country up more, rapidly than other States have done, and will shorten materially the period of our pupilage, so that hastening the day when we shall harf rail roads and all the appliance of organized society, we shall soon show on the waving prairies f our lovely territory, all the institutions of lcarnisg, of Christianity and progress; making it. a fit hone for noble race Freedom-loving and Labor-honor ing which shall forever.be a bright example to the struggling ones, whose wail for Liberty rings on every breeze. . . - . ; .. . . .f - IJutit is not alone in its material aspect, that this idea of organized emigration strikes us forci bly. In a moral point, the results that are likely to arise from it are of broader significance aiid of greater importance than those of mere)dollars and cents. It has learnt the North a lesson which some of their liberal-minded, intelligent capitalists are ta king advantage of. After adding Kansas to dsve back the minions-of slavery, it has determined to take up its home in the very heart of the fire-eaters themselves. Westward the Star of Empire takes its way," and wave after wave, of emigration Las rolled on across the bosom of the American conti nent until ' . V, . "Lonely Shasta, listening, hears the tread - . Of Europe's fair-haired children, Hesper-led," And, gazing downwards thro' his hoar-locks sees - The tawny Asian climb his giant knees." - The western emigration fields are becoming ex hausted, while in the South and South-west, are vast and ferule domains, wasting and witherixg beneath a blighting curse, with soil as productive as any the "golden urn of day" ever poured its ra diant wine upon, feat becoming a desert beneath the black hand of slave labor, that, like the locust. devours every green thing. - What better opportu nity for Yankee enterprise to display itself than in revivifying these States and making their feeble pulses throb strong again7 with the life-blood of Freedom". I The worn-out fields of Virginia and Xorth Carolina, the rich, yet undeveloped lands of Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas, pre sent an opportunity for the resources of organized emigration to display itself. Accordingly the self same enterprising Yankee,' Eu Thatxs, who hrst broached the subject, steps forward to organize "The Neighbors, an army of Free Northern men and women, emigrants to the waste lands of the Slave States, be Lire whose onward march the foot, prints of the Slave shall vanish, "like snow-flakes before the summer's sun-" ; A company has been formed, whose object it is to purchase the waste lands of the Slave States, that go-a-beging tvi purchasers in the Northern market, and to locate Northern settlers upon them, placing in. their hands, by the aid of capital, the most improved machinery, and all .the advantages of older settle ments- . How long will it .be before the Southern , planter will learn of his Yankee neighbor, the ma terial advantages of Free over Slave Labor? How ' long will it be be&re the demands of Free Laber, seeking its due, will compel the Slaveholder and his serfs to fallback. . The emigratioa from Europe that has flowed westward, because the .West was free land, will, encouraged by the. progress of the Northern emigrants, be diverted to thee new fields ; while all the land made sterile by imperfect culti vation and the resources of tLie Scrota which have never. been developed, will be made. to tlocin again with cultivation and the- material and mor-1 prosperity, of the whole country -will be greatly enhanced. : Success, say we to "the NeighbtTs and to Organized Emigration. May it drive from its present resting place, the curse of slavery -and using the. "Almigiity Dollar0 fbr a noble purpose, not only enrich those who go in the army of Free Labor, but elevate, ennobU and make free alike the oppressed bondimen and the degraded white man of the South. -t r : , - - . ; ; - .... . ; "Cr" Sax HorsTCCf has announced lomseif as an independent candidate for Governor oTTcsas. Hurrah f Sam! - - .. . . :, . . About CoLU '-Z ; On the 1st instant, DpuT-y ilarsh&l Pais Tinted Lawrence for the parpoee assessing tares, ac cording to enactment of ths Dogus Lc--si-a-ture, The eitizens held a meeting, and after spirited ad dresses by Judge Conway and ethers, adopted a series of resolutions, ajaosg which" were tbe fol lowing:. ; . .... . ' - V-;- Remtlved, That in the opinion tF this meeting no good eifizen will in any Banner furnish "aid and comfort to the Assessor or Collector of Taxes, or render to him a list if the valuation of his prop ertv. I.''..'.'- - . Resolved, That, recognizing the principle estab lished b v the blood of our fathers, that "represent ation and taxation are inseparable, we will not vi olate that principle by the voluntary payment of any taxes levied by the present Territorial Legis lature. - . .. , ". . . - These do not need any particular comment. The visit of the Deputj Marshal was undoubtedly in tended as a feeler; and the answer to it was, we think, clear and unmistakable. It has" the ring of the true xactaL We rejoice to see the stand which the citizens of Lawrence have taken in this matter, and we hope and believe that the other portions of the Territory will not be slow in taking the same position. - This movement of the Territorial au thorities increases the necessity of organizing the State Government as means of defence. Inagnral Address of Got. Walker. Gov. R. J. Walker delivered his Inaugural Ad dress, at Lecompton, on the 27th ult. We receiv ed it at too late an hour to publish it this week. In our next issue we shall give the most important portions of it. ' . - ' .'. ,.. - :;- The Governor commences by -stating that the Kanzas question being fraught with danger to the Union, he considered himself, bound by duty, at the. urgent request of the President, to come and settle it! His mode of settlement is through the act passed by the Lecompton Legislature, provi ding for taking the Census and electing delegates to a Convention, which shall form a State Consti tution. , On this point, he says: .." The people of Kanzas, then, are invited by the highest authority known to the Constitution, to participate freely and fairly in the election of del egates to frame a Constitution and State Govern ment. The law has performed its entire appro priate functions when it extends to the people the right of suffrage; but it cannot compel the per formance of that duty. ' Throughout our whole Union, however, and wherever free government prevails, those km abstain Jrom the exerase of. the right of suffrage authorize those vaho do tote to act for them in that contingency, and the non-voters are as much bound under the taw and the constitution, as well as by an overruling moral necessity, ly the act of the majority of those who do vote, as though all had participated in the election." . , . , , He recognizes the acta of that Legislature, and states that his path and instructions from the Pres ident binds him to their enforcement. He next dis courses of the Indian lands within the boundaries of Kanzas, loses himself in the contemplation of munificent railroad grants (yet to be obtained) from Congress, a net work of railroads, common schools and a "great University," dee lares the right of new States to tax government lands within their bor ders; puts on a doleful face in regard to that prob lem, the "nigger question;" deprecates its agitation; says it has been nothing but an unmitigated evil to both races; declares that no legislation can deter mine the location of Blavery, but "the law of the thermometer, of latitude or altitude, regulating cli mate, labor and productions, and as a consequence, profit and loss," alone can determine it. He is afraid lest Kanzas should be an "Abolition" State. Hear him: . . If, from the operation of these causes, slavery should not exist here, I trust it by no means follows that Kanzas should become a State controlled by the treason "and fanaticism of Abolitionism. She has, in any event, certain constitutional duties to perform to her sister States, and especially to her. uumeuiue nejguoor Hie oiaue oi juissoun. . we will give" Old Johx Bnowir, and Mr. Sharp, of Hart ford, Conn., those duties to perform. "Our entire eastern front is upon her border; from Missouri come a great number of her citizens; even the farms of the two States are cut by the line of State bound ary, part in Kanzas, part in Missouri; her citizens meet as in daily intercourse, and that Kanzas should become hostile to Missouri, an asylum for her fugitive elaves, or a propagandist of .Abolition treason, would be alike inexpedient and unfair, and fatal to the continuance of the American Union. In any event, then, I trust that the Constitution of tLanzas wul contain such clauses as will forever se cure to the State of Missouri the faithful perform ance of all constitutional guarantees, not only Fed eral ' out oy state autnonry, ana trie supremacy within our limits, of the authority of the Supreme Court of the United States on all constitutional auostions be firmly established." This was un oubtedly intended for the benefit of those dele gates who are to be elected to the Lecompton Con vention. We also, on our own hook, entreat them not to make an "abolition" Constitution; and also to attach the death penalty to negro Btealing.l He next speaks of the Indian Territory on our Southern border, and its adaptability to slave la bor; again overwhelms us with speculations in re gard to railroads, Pacific and .Southern. Next he comes to the Kanzas struggle; speaks of the great principles at stake - here, but unfortunately misap plies them; retraces his steps and speaks, once more of schools, churches, a "Great University;" and then again of railroads; promulgates .mean ingless twaddle in regard to the Topeka Consti tuiion ; makes a pettifogging plea against the Afri can race, pronounces the judgments of the Supremei Court final, and appeals to the pockets of Che e pec ulators in the folio wing u ah ion: . '.- . "I have endeavored heretofore faintly to fore shadow the wonderful prosperity which would fob low at once in Kanzas the peaceful and final set tlement of this question. t lint if it should be in the power of agitators to prevent such a result. nothing but ruin will pervade our Territory; con fidence will expire and law and order be subverted ; Anarchy ana civil war wul be xe-uamruraied among us. All "property will greatly depreciate in value, Even the best farms will -become al most worthless. : Our towns and cities will sink into decay. . Emigration into ourTemtory -wUl cease.' A mournful train of returning-settk-rs. with ruined hopes and blasted fortunes, will leave our borders. All s who have purchased property at : - :n t. c .1 - n preseufc prircB ti in skiiuccu, smi Will be marxed by universal ruin ana desolation. Gov. Walker is undoubtedly the friend of spec olators. He gives to these "Birds -of passage' i ur notice, and we soon expect to see their exodus commence. "The sooner the better.i . ' Mr. Walker next pktures the horrors of. the dis solution of the Union, and horls an anathema against those who would destroy it. His descrip tion is grspnie, reminding - us very mucn ci ""Jilr. Pepperage's Fourth of July Oration.- In fact, we rather suspect that Mr. Walker is guilty of plagia rism. ."To satisfy all, however, "we will give the two extracts. Mr. Walker says: 1 "Nor will the mischief be arrested here. It will extend into every other State. Despots will exult over de laiiure itere oi toe great principles of self government, and thespproaching downfall of our confederacy. .. The piihtrs of thu Union will rock upon their base, and we ma v close the. next "Pres idential conflict amid the -scattered fragments of ihe Constitution of our once happy an d united pto- pie, ; a He- banner ot tne stars and stripes, ue em Uem of our couatry's glory, will be rent , by eon Vndic? fcSetioos. We shall no longer have a coua- teyv Tb friends of human liberty in other realms will shnak despairing from the -.conflict.1: Despot ic power will resume its swgythroughout the well J, and man will have tried in vain thelast experiment of self -government.' The architects of our. coun try's ruin, the assassins of her pesos and prosper ity, win share the . same eormnon ruin of all our raee- They will meet, whilst Jiving, the bitter curses of a ruined people, whilst history will re cord as their only ep:th: These wers the destroy ers of the American Union, of the liberties of their country, and of the world. - 1 " ' ;i - This' is awful, but we rather think tha etijinal is better: . . : ; . -. - ; . I no nioa: " peraKsea 2it. If r-pperage. spiring. theiec! , iLsw shall I find wcihLi to dotrii-e .its fiKSnrBUGa Eiagnmcence end beautiSi? Iuri7ef Ueio'i!- it is the &rk cf s&A: tr!! the filladluni of our liberties'"' thesaiegusir i (f enriiRppineAs:"! and die iPiris of virtue!!:!! In trie Uision - we live and go ahead. It wte!ies ovtr-us at our birth it fans us in ou? cradles; it accompanies us to the dis trict school; it invcsus enr victuals in iui season; it selects our wives f us from America's fair diuchters. audit does a. ereat many other things; to say.notfiinir of putting r.s to sleep ' sometimes, and keeping the files frora our innocen i "repose. "PliieLbe. the arm, then, and blistered be the tongue, and humped the back, asd broken the logs, and eviscerated the stomach, cf the person who dares to think or even dream of harming rtl ilay the heaviest eurses cf Thae fall on his. scoundrelly soul! May his juleps cuvdle in his mouth! May he smoke none but New Orleans tobacco!--May his family be fjerpetually ascending the Mississip pi in a steafliboatr May his own grandmother dij ownhha! And may th sufferings of his fcilaw eitizens pursue him like avenging furies till he is driven howling into Congress. ; For oh! my dear, de&r friends my beloved fellow-citizens who ean foretell the agonies, or the sorrows, or the blights, and the anguish,' and the despair, and the black eyes, and the bloody noses, that would follow upon the dispersion of our too happy, nappy nuniiy r "The accurseda myrmidons of despotism, with gnashing teeth and blood-stained eyes, would rush at large over ;this planet. .They would lap the crimson gore of the most wealthy and respectable citizens. . The sobs cf females and the screams of children, would mingle with the barking of dogs and the crash of filling columns. A universal and homd night would mantle the sties, and one by one the strong pillars of the universe go crumbling into ruin, and the gleam of bowie-knives, and the lurid glare of exploding steamboats! Taken all in all, the address is a small aflkirj He evidently expects to draw the people aside from the path of duty by an appeal to their avarice and love of the Union. In this he will certainly fail. ; Kansas & Slave State. "That Kanzas will be a Slave State is now near to a settled question. On the third Monday of June, one month from yesterday, an election will be held for delegates to a Convention which is to meet in September, and frame a State Constitution for Kanzas. These delegates are to be voted for by those who are. qualified to vote under the act pro viding for the election. .' The qualifications of such voters are, besides citizenship of the United States, three months residence in the County and regis tration on the Census rolls. The Census returns show a vast majority in favor of making Kanzas a slave State, and of course a large majority of Del egates to the Convention will be pro-slavery, and the Constitution they make will protect slavery, which is an established institution ' in the Terri tory. This Constitution wul be submitted to the popular vote of those who elected Delegates to make it: ti trill be accepted by them, and then transmitted to Congress with the petition that Kanzas be admit ted as a State, with her organic law so framed. "The question is frequently mooted "will Kanzas be admitted with a Constitution inhibiting sla very?" That it will be, is our belief as it is ' our hope. There is a Democratic majority in Con gress, or at least a majority of those who are oppo sed to Black Kepublicanism, and its doctrine of "no more slave . territory. csnould tliere be any difficulty however, it can be readily removed. ' Suppose Kanzas is refused admittance, and Min nesota, . for example, submits its Constitution and asks to be admitted into the Union. The South and its friends will say "stand back, you refused us Kanzas, now we will refuse you Minnesota, un til our petition is granted. - Let Kanzas come in, and we will not keep Minnesota out." 1 nere is one idea prevalent which should as well be abandoned at once, "Kanzas may come in as a slave State, but will not remain so long." oucnistne expression we near every oay. xne fact is that slavery has existed for a great many years in Kanzas, say twenty or thirty, and is an established institution, as' well by nature, as by taw. i lie nistory or. slavery in tne united states ?oes to show that it is not so easily uprooted. 'rue, it has been eradicated by a formal process of emancipation in many States, but it was done from causes peculiar to the circumstances, at a time when slaves and slave labor were far below par. And then the climate hal much to do with that emancipation movement which swept negro servi tude from New England and the Middle States. "But there is a new way adopted by anti-sla- veryites to abolish it. They threaten, coerce, en deavor to drive. Of all people known, Americans are the most stubborn ; you may persuade them to a nun area uungs, wnue you couia not iorce in em to do one. In 1832, Virginia came within one vote of emancipating her negroes, while now, an eman cipationist there, is considered as bad as an Aboli tionist. The difference is that Abolitionists tried to drive Virginia into what she was not ready for, and she kicked. And besides, Blavery is now in its proper element, and it is madness to try and drive it further South. It may go, after awhile, but it will go voluntarily, not from coercion. Let .Kanzas be a slave btate once, and Aboli tionism is powerless there.. Northern men become slaveholders directly. Most of those who . own slaves in Kanzas now, were originally from the North, and when it is profitable to do. so, they are as ready to buy, sell and hold slaves as any. We could point to numerous instances, to prove this fact, which is not to be overlooked in calculating the chances of Kanzas remaining a slave State. "Possession is nine points of the law;" let the South get Kanzas once, and then Abolitiondom will whis tle when she looses it. "Should those opposed to the extension of sla very, succeed in keenincr Kanzas out of the Union. at first, application will be made a pain, and if re fusal is persisted in, tear may and trill no doubt be the consequence. J.nis we would deplore, but war is preferable to degradation, and submission to wrong. . "Suffice it to say, we firmly believe that Kanzas will be admitted with whatever Constitution shall be framed by the Convention to meet in Septem ber, l nai it win oe iavoraoie to tne oouui, it ia now unreasonable to doubt." The above article ia from the Star of Empire, pub lished at Westport, Mo., by . Clay Pate, the hero (not of Jacinto or Monterey) but of fBlack Jack." We have vo doubt that he "speaks from the record." The pro-slaveryites have not committed the outra ges recorded in the past history of Kanzas, to be balked of their purpose now, without at least one more effort. " The leaders of that party, aided by a few quasi Free State men, were urgent in their en treaties to the body of Free State men to come' tip and vote tinder the Census Bill concocted by the Missouri usurpers. - "We know that you are in large majority," said they, "and all you have to do is to come up to the polls, and beat us. But the trick was too transparent not to be discovered by any sensible ' man, and the consequence was that a large majority cf the Frea 6trrf men resolved noi to touch the "unclean thing." ' A few speculators and ofSee-seekers, calling themselves Free State menadvocated voting, but their indecent haste for office and Inst for gold, betrayed their designs to the people, and they were, rebuked. " The result has shown the good judgment cf the 'mass of the people. . ' ' ' ' Failing in their endeavors to compromise the Free State parry, and fearful that Congress, although Democratic by a large majority, will not dare to endorse the fraud when it shall be presented in the form of a pro-slaveryCohstitution,'they have re solved on playing a bold and desperate game: that of defeating the attempt of Minnesota to come in as a sovereign State; at the next session of Con gress, unless shall be admitted with a Con stitution representing not more than one-fifth of the population of the Territory. - " ; ' ' '; The editor of the Star of Empire eoolly presents war as the . tiittmattan, should the . pro-savery men fail f success in making Kanzas a slure Stole A- But he says nothing of what the result will be if they succeed! The South is laboring under the de lusive hope that if they once succeed in getting Kanzas admitted as a slave State,' the Northern emigration will I cheeked, and they " will then pour in enough of their own emigration to over power what Free Stat men - are now. here.' But they count without their host. The people of Kanzas will not submit to be ruled over by a for eign usurpation, thouglf it were sanctioned by Congress and upheld by the bayonets of the Gov ernment." We dont expect them to give it up with out struggle. Freedom for Kanzas is freedom for Missouri, and with Missouri goes all hope of the Indian Territory and Nortaera Texas;: It ia a struggle for their existence, and they will not ea eily yield. But the ivesm cf the "Cvifcern; Hand" is written. : ' . '"" r . -. - - Proclasiation, ' : : ' - Ubiteiv States cr Aunties, - Territory of Kansas. To the- Ltjd. ')itT9 a nd Election OJieer efKan- - Wee6ea6: The following returns of the Census, taken under the t of the Legislative Assembly, entitled "An set to provide for the taki ng of a cen sus end 'election forBelesfces to Convention, passed the lSih February, 1857, have been made, to wit: " - ' . : . .' .- V Counties. 1st Dis. Doniphan, ' 2d " Brown, I , Nemaha,) . ' 3d " Atchison, 4th " Leaven wort 5th - Jefferson,- " 6th Calhoun, 7th " Marshall, 8th " Riley, w Legal Yvteru: - Pepuletxa. 1GS6, : 4120. . . 295, - . no return. 140, - . : 512 804, , 2307. , 1837, 523. 555, - - no return. . 291, 885. 206, 415. 353, , no return. e,$ 205,, tlS. - - 496, - 890. 1318, 3727. SS30 ' no return. 1 - - t 413, . 1353. 9th Johnson, 10th". Douglass,) . Shawnee, j Ilth" Richardson J Davis," .,-. l2thLvkins; 13th Franklin, . no return. 14th" 15th" Linn," 413, 1821. 2633. 18th Bourbon, McGee J 645, Dorn & Allen, so return. 12th' Total, 9,351. 25,525. Now, therefore I, Frederick P. Stanton , Secretary and Aeting Governor, do hereby proclaim, that, according to the provisions of said Act, and the Census Returns, made in pursuance thereof, and upon a proper apportionment among the legal vo ters of the several districts aforesaid, they are re spectively entitled to elect to th Convention pro vided for in said law, the number of delegates sev erally herein assigned to them; that is to say. To tne --. 1st - Dis:, Doniphan County, 7 Delegates. 2 " 2d " Brown & Nemeha, : " . Atchison, Leavenworth, " Jefferson, - Calhoun -a " " Marshall, " Riley fc Pottawottomie, . ' Johnson," Douglas, Shawnee, Richardson and Davies, " Lykins; . " Linn. 3d 5 12 4 2 1 4 3 8 2 3 3 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 1 6th 18th " Bourbon, MoGee, Dorn " and Allen, 4 The proper officers will hold the election for del egates to said Convention the 3rd Monday of June next, as directed by the law aforesaid, and in ac cordance with the apportionment herein made and declared.' In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed the seal of tne Ter ritory, at Lecompton, this 20th day of May, 1857. FRED. P. STANTON. Anti-Bepublican Manners and Titles. IS. P. Willis savs. "We should be glad to see a distinctly American school of good manners, in which au useless etiquettes were thrown aside, but every politeness adopted or invented which could promote sensible and easy exchanges of good will and sociability. Good sense and consideration for others should be the basis of every usage of polite life that is worth regarding. Indeed, we have long thought that our country was old enough to adopt measures and etiquettes of its own, based, bike all other politeness, upon benevolence and common sense, l o get nu oi lmpoirea euquebw is uie ursb thing to do for American politeness." We recommend the above sensible remarks to the consideration of the candid reader, and would apply it further and deeper than the writer has gone. Is it not a living disgrace a perfect hiss and scorn to us as a people, that our fresh, young and vigorous fife should be trammeled and tainted by the affected and worn out customs of ages mould ering in their tombs of corruption and tyranny that even the courtesies of social life must be twist ed and shaped upon models formed in the licen tious and depraved courts and saloons of the old world. What more is required than a manly and womanly recognition of each other's social privi leges, by those claiming to be Republicans. The American people are fettered too much by the musty proverbs and mouldy traditions that were framed by priestcraft and kingly cunning for the binding of the true soul, and never were meant to be guide or teacher for a frank, out-spoken re publican sentiment. Away with all these remains of an age fleeing fast and let us live out in man ners, teach in morals and work into every day life, a simple, pure, loving, living Humanity. With the affected manners that have been fraud ulently grafted on our American stock, must also be reckoned the vain and foolish custom of titling those who may be serving .the people in various capacities. Such titles as His Excellency, Honor able, Esquire, are foreign to our institutions, and should forever be ostracised by all true republi cans. If a man is acting as a Uoversor, call nun by the name, for to serve the people is honorable;, but let it go no further. Honorable and Esquire are words that now signify nothing that is truly desirable, and have become so common and un meaning that we for one will eschew them, unless obliged to use them in official farms, tc. It is anti-republican and anti-American to bow to such a mania. Above all, it becomes us, citizens of Kan zas, to put our faces against its progress in' our midst. If we would be true to the great princi ples for which we are struggling, we most, above all, recogniz e no prouder title, ask no higher hon or, than to be known and respected , as Ifjcr and WoHx. ' " r' . , Got. Walker. V . Gov. Walker arrived at. Lawrence on the 25th ulL, and was invited to attend a Levee which bad been aaaosnced tor iu- parpowrof Heating senator Wilson speak. The report of the meeting will be found in another column. What we desire to call particular attention to, is the pledge made by Gov. Walker., It is in these words: ; , . ' .-. ''.. , "It should be his mission in Kanzas to oive the people sot "a rAKT. but the whole oeovlea full: free. fair ' and unqualified expression et the balm box, ci bueu- opinion m vo vsai insBtuBons snouia exist in their midst. -4t was fur the reoDle to decide not only upon the -great seetioual issues of the" hour. vu upvu me zoitoix jorm oj inetr czsic trovernmcnw Weliope that Gov. Walker made these pledges ia good faith, with the strong purpose ia bis heart Kanzas is at an nd; if he does not, the end is not vet, .. v'. ' ' "V ; ' : It has been heretofore, that the Administration at Washington, and its servants in Kanzas, while loud 'in their cry f tox popuU, have basely disfran chised and otherwise persecuted a majority of the inhabitants of this Territory, en account of their political belief. This has been productive of dif ficulties; and nothing but an CEtire destruction of the system of tyranny which was thus placed over the people will ever reconcile them. . - We shall hold Gov. Walter to the letter of his promise. Important 'irents turn trpon. its fulfill ment. ' . ' ' : fD The Emperor of Japan intends to have the mines of his realm worked in a seientifie way, and to that end has requested the Duteb Government in India to send him a trustworthy European engi neer. In consequence of this request, llerr Otto llngdeni n, a pupil of the academy of Deitba set out7 with prineely pomp, for Jeddo. ' - "- j " O A young lady of sixteen of -distinguished birth" and fortune, is about to marry the hero of the Crimea, Marlnil Pelissier, who is illustriously sixty years of age! It is said to 1 an af&ur of th mrtKt n,rr-.ftnH tpntimiint nn th Wirt of the VOUtll- 1 ful Jiaar.oa. ' . V