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The Kanzas' News:
" "'' ". ", For tie Kansas Newts'. yr''-- Free $taie" LyricsNo. 1. . 1 A ' ddreed to the Fret State Men tcAo contemplate to- ' thy far Delegate to tie Convention instituted bj "-. &r LeeempUn Legislature." " s - BT BICHAKD BSAir. . ' , Ho! Pflgrua sona of Pilgrim- sire, , - VTho, touched, with manhood's never hope, ; Bare built yonr s&cred altar-fires . Upon our -western prairie slope; . , . Is ittroe, that yielding at the last . The etormful boor that dr&ireth sigh "7 ' ShfcU findyocr rotes and.voiee ast ' Tor this acenrst,iwnrpinff iet - .,- Remembef ye the grand replica Of earlier Israel' prophefr-yontha Who, calm as are the wpper kiea. Clapped hands irith Heaven's diviner troth And, when the fiery furnaee-fiames Coiled round them -as serenely trod As tho' a-breathing Angel-names, , i I'iTbey -walked amid the throne of God? O Brothers!" when the Ruffian' torch ' f .. Blazed all along your thrifty vale, . And. when you felt yonr fierce blood seoreh i . .; At trampled. woman' shuddering tales, -' Ye held no parley with the sin ' Ye knew no coward-shrinking then; But thrilling to the voice within . t hYe rose op strong; heroic men! - -, " '- . - And now aye! now the damning words : That smite us reeling to ourknees " And hedge our path about with swords. Have passed into 'legalities3' Will ye forsake the blessed cause? Express your hot, indignant breath And cringing to these Godless laws," Slink, rotting, down to Hell and Death? . No! by the life that Shoxbkx gave, v": By aTl our fields r4 pain and woe; By Ketser's blood and Baxbek's grave. And our deep heart of Manhood no! ' No! tho along our streaming reins The dripping blades shall reek and hiss; - No! and wild scorn to him who reins His soul back from the precipice. From the Neicburyport Herald. The Onward March. The Petersburg (Va.) Intelligencer deplores- the -unexampled emigration of Virgin ians westward. The country papers of Ma ryland also speak of a constant emigration from that State in the same direction. The Baltimore . Republican, and the Petersburg Intelligencer, express a great deal of regret at finding their respective States thus losing their citizens. It seems odd to a northerner to, read these expressions, for among the free States the emigration to the westward goes on so unceasingly that no one pays much at tention to it. ' We know, when ten or a hun dred families leave, that it is to better their condition; and that the employment remain ing will quickly draw others like them to their places. It is not so - in the southern States. They depend for, population on the natural increase, and not much upon immi gration. , If a thousand people should leave North Carolina, the lands- they cultivate would lay waste till a thousand more were born and came to maturity. From no spot of earth does a person turn his eyes to .North Carolina as a desirable place to locate his fam ily; and therefore weakness follows all remo vals to the West, or what is more common to the southwest. . In Maryland and Virginia the case is still worse, because to some ex tent the tide flows in as well as out. . When a thousand persons go West, there is not only a loss of so many. Mary landers and Virginians, who have been educated to the social condition of that latitude, who are in love with its institutions; but bordering on the free States, and near to Philadelphia and .New i ork, the great entrepots for the Euro pean exiles, others are slipping into their places, who are averse to their institutions and .social state, and thus the aristocracy and pride of those localities are humbled, and the existence of slavery is endangered. God is doing for this land what politicians could not do. He is making it for the inter est of the slave owners to move South, and the interest of the freemen to take their pla eesl Self-interest is the governing passion,; and self-interest 13 decreeing for the pros perity of the nation and the security of the freedom of the land. Under this law sla very is tumbling to the earth; and it is in no national or otate administration in no base poli tieians North or South, and in no servile religionists, live where they may, to prevent the grand consummation to which all things now tend. Men are lamenting that cotton is high, And sugar is high, and neither of them can be produced to satisfy the demands of the world. It is God's voice bidding up those crops for the good of man Down lower and lower, crowding upon it self, goes the slave institution to the latitudes where it will pay. best; and pressing upon its track is the crowd of free population. Already the cities where trade is, can no lon ger be relied upon, by their, old masters. .Loot at them Baltimore, Richmond, Lou isville St. Louis they stand to-day up to tne line wnere Boston was a dozen years ago; and because we have not population sufficient to press hard enough to crush the Ufa out of slavery, God is sending over annually aquar ter of a million Germans to. help on the work, who are spreading out into the rural districts, taking up the lands that negroism has cursed till it is sterile, and giving a new voice and another pulse along Mason and Dixon's line. , It is in rain to talk of what Republican parties or Emigrant Aid Societies will do; there is a power above them; and we no more doubt that it is the absolute de cree of Heaven that thus, and speedily, lib erty shall be strengthened in the land, than that he ordered the exodus of the Israefitish tribes from Egypt, or gave them the land of promise. . .- , - Mr. Cashing, in his great speech here last weefc, spoke of the destiny of the two col umns pushed out from Plymouth and James 10 wn, and their mission of progress for - the ademption of the continent. No one can have failed, however, to observe the unequal step with which they mareh,.mareh, march. Plymouth stands seventeen millions to-day to Jamestown eight millions; and what will Jae the result when, at no distant day ej mgof the life of a nation 4t shall stand -seventy-fire millions to twenty-five! The Jamestown column, as it has ' passed along, has devoured what was . before, and killed what was behind. As with the hoof of the ancient conqueror's horse, the grass has not , grown where it passed. Virginia is but the - shadow ot what it was, and fading out at tha The Plymouth column has elevated strengthened sad advaneed-i-comraghke the hreath of spring, making the wilderness to blossom, the, solitary places to be glad, and the voice of singing to be heard in the land. While Jamestown is blotted out, and has left no. mark -where it was,v Plymouth remains a flourishing, town with its church and its school house, as two hundred years ago. While Norfolk is in decay, and its spa cious harbor given up to a few oyster gath erers and the "cutter for the collection of the Virginia negro tax. Boston is full of pal ace warehouses, where are gathered the riches of the Indies Tofpnnceiy bouses where merchants, surpassing those of Tyre and Ve nice, reside '-ot temples 01 . religion ana schools of learning and works of art, that entitle her to be called the Athens of Amer ica, while commercially she stretches her arms to ihe ends or the earth, and opens her broad bay to receive the commerce of the na- tinnu Virtrinia has dwindled at everv cen sus, and is destined'yet more to' dwindle,:till new race shall -infuse new life . and . new blood into her veins ; Massachusetts has grown stronger, sturdier, richer; and at - the last appointment ior memuers ot voiigrwsa, was the only state upon the Atlantic mat in creased its number; - There are two columns moved by destiny, it is true; but the one travels in a Virginia two-wheeled cart, without springs, without videncing that there was a wheelwright - or drawn by a half-fed donkey, with a primeval yoke upon his neck, and a negro driver be hind more stupid than the jackass; and the other goes by steam with the iron horse snortmer over the rauroaa tracK, ana as 11 forty miles an hour was' not fast enough, holds the telegraph wire in its - hands, and breathes lightning from its nostrils to an nounce its progress to . the different places ahead. Yes; there are two columns,- but they compare like the two largest rivers of the globe, the Jamestown representing the Mississippi, low and narrow and choked at its swampy mouth; and the Plymouth, like the Amazon, rushing on, deeper and clearer and wider, till no bridges can span it, and no vision reach from . shore . to shore. The Plymouth column starts from the Atlantic with one wing touching Jamestown, and the other resting upon the great lakes, and when it has leaped the Roekj Mountains, stands alone upon the Pacific shore. . The James town has no northern side, and tapers away, narrowing to the single State of Texas, of which it holds but the south-eastern side; and when it "marches, marches, marches ' beyond that, it must take a short turn down over the Rio Grande to plunder the half-breed Mexicans. Tamaulipas must be its next State; and by the time it reaches there, the point whence it started will be lost, and like the tempestuous cloud, we shall see it sink ing awry into the dark south-west, while all the heavens about are given to the sunshine of freedom. Reflections on the Battle of Lexington. " It was one of those grat days, one of those elemental occasions m the world s af fairs, when the people rise and act for them selves. Some organization and preparation had been made ; but,' from the nature of the case, with scarce any effect . on the events of that day. . It mav be doubted, whether there J . . , . ..11, was an emcient order given the wnoie day to any body of men as large as a regiment. It was the people, in their first capacity, as cit izens an das freemen, starting from their beds at midnight, from their firesides and their neias, to taKe tneir own cause in tneir own hands. Such a spectacle is the height of the moral sublime ; when the want of every thing is fully made up by the spirit of the cause ; and the soul within stands in place of discipline, organization, resources. In tho-prodigious efforts of a veteran army, be neath the dazzling splendor of their array there is something revolting to the reflecting mind. The ranks are filled with the despe rate, the mercenary, the depraved ; an iron slavery, by the name of subordination, mer ges the free will of one hundred thousand men in the unqualified despotism of one the humanity, mercy, and remorse, which scarce ever desert the individual bosom, are sounds without a meaning to that fearful ravenous, irrational monster of prey, a mer cenary army. It is hard to say who are most to be commiserated, the wretched peo pie on whom it is let loose, or the still more wretched people whose substance has been sucked out, to nourish it into strength and fury. But in the efforts of the people, of the people struggling for their rights, mo vingnotin organized, disciplined masses., but in their, spontaneous action, man for man, and heart for heart, though I like not war, nor any of its works, -there is some thing glorious.' They can then move for ward without, orders, act together without combination, and brave the flaming lines of battle, without entrenchments to cover, or walls to shield them. No dissolute camp has worn off from the feelings of the youthful soldier the freshness of that home, where his mother and his sisters sit waiting,' with tearful eyes and aching hearts, to hear good news from the wars; no long service in the ranks of. the conqueror has turned the vet eran's heart into marble; their valor springs not from recklessness, from habit,' from in difference to the preservation of a life, knit by no pledges to the life of others; but in tne strengui ana spirit 01 tne cause aionethey act, they contend, they bleed. In this they conquer. Tie people always conquer. They always must conquer. vArmies may be defeated; kings may be overthrown, and new dynasties imposed by foreign arms on an ignorant and slavish race, that care not in what language the covenant of their sumec tion runs, nor in 'whose name the deed of their barter and sale is made out. But the people never invade; and, when they rise against the invader, are never subdued. If they are driven from the plains, they fly to the mountains. Steep rocks and everlasting hills are their castles; the tangled, pathless thicket their palisado; and nature,-: God, is their ally. Now he overwhelms the hosts of their enemies beneath his drifting moun tains of sand; now he buries them beneath an atmosphere of falling snows; he lets loose his tempests on their fleets; he puts a folly into their counsels, a madness into the hearts of their leaders; and he never gave, and nev er will give, a full and final triumph over virtuous, gallant people, resolved to be free.' Atward .vereit. Prxncx to bs A Pkxackkr. It is 6aid that old Lorenzo Dow, the celebrated cleri cal eccentricity, prophesied when Franklin Pierce was s Representative in Congress, that he ( Fierce! would be elected to the Sen ate, then to the Presidency, and finally, that he would become a minister of the Gospel. Two-thirds of the prophesy have already oees nunued. - - From. Hi. St. Louis Nemo. " The Original Dred Scott aEesident . of St. Iioais -Sketch cf his History. . The distinguished colored individual who has made each a noise in the' world ' Jn ' the case of Scott vs. Sanford, and who has be come so tangled up with the Missouri. Com promise and other great subjects- Dred Scott is a resiaeni, not a ciuzeu, ui ov. Loois. . He is well known to many of, our citizens, and may frequently be seen passing along Third street. He is an old inhabitant, having come to this city thirty years ago. -,-v o j 1 -r: - - r. urea sxoa was porn iu unmiia, uc he belonged to Capt. Peter Blow, the father of Henry T. Blow and Taylor Blow, of this city." He was brought by his master to. Su Louis about thirty years ago, and in course of time became the property of Dr. Emer son, a surgeon in the army, whom he ac companied on that trip to . Koek island and Fort Snelling, on .the "ground of which he based his claim tofreedom- - The wife of Dr. Emerson was formerly Miss Sanford, and is now Mrs. Chaffee, wife .-of Hon." Mr. Chaf fee, of Massachusetts. He has been married twice, his first wife,' by whom he had no children, having been sold from -him.' He has had four children by his present wife, two boys, both dead, and two girls, both living. Dred was at Corpus Chnsti, at the breaking out of the Mexican war, as the ser vant of Captain Bainbridge, whom he speaks of as a "good man. . On his return from Mexico he applied to his mistress, Mrs. Emerson, then living near St. Louis, for the purchase of himself and family, offering to pay part of the money down, and give an eminent citizen of St. Louis, an officer in the army, as security for the . payment of the remainder. ; His mis tress refused his proposition, and : Dred be ing informed that he was entitled to his free dom by the operation of the laws regulating the Northwest Territory, forthwith brought suit for .it. The suit was commenced about ten years ago, and has cost Dred 8500 in cash, besides labor to a nearly equal amount. It has -given him a "heap o trouble, he says, and if he had known that "it - was gwine to last so long" he would not have brought it. lhe suit was defended by Mr John Sanford, as executor of Dr. Emerson's will. Dred does not appear to be at all discour aged by the issue of the celebrated case, al though it dooms him to slavery. He talks about the affair with the ease of a veteran litigant, though not in technical language, and is hugely tickled at the' idea of finding himself a personage of such importance. He does not take on airs, however, but laughs heartily when talking of "de fuss dey made dar m Washington, 'bout de ole nigger. He is about 55-years old, we should think, though he does not know his own age. He is unmixed African blood, and as black as a piece of charcoal. For two or three years past he has been running at large, no one ex ercising ownership over him, or putting any restraint upon his movements. If he were disposed to make the attempt, he could gain his freedom at a much less cost than even one-tenth of the expense of the famous suit, He will not , do so, . however, insisting on abiding by the principles involved in the de cision of the suit.. ' He declares that he will stick to his mistress as long as he lives. His daughters, Eliza and Lizzy, less con scious about the matter, took advantage of the absence of the restraint on their move ments, a year or two since, to disappear, and their whereabouts remain a mystery. Dred, though illiterate, is not ignorant. He has traveled considerably, and has im proved his stock of strong common sense by much information picked up in his journey- ings. lie is anxious to Know who owns him, being ignorant whether, he is the prop erty of Mrs. Chatted, or Mrs.. iSanford, tho we presume there is no doubt that the former is his legal owner.' He seems tired of run ning about with no one to look after him. while at the same time he is a slave. He says grinningly, that he could make thou sands of dollars,: ifallowed, by traveling over the country and telling who he is. &W In the days of James I, the boys of a large school acquired the habit of smo king, and; indulged in it day and night, using the most ingenious expedients to con ceal the vice from their master, till one luck less evening when huddled round their dor mitory, involving each other in the vapors of their own creation, lo! m burst the mas ter and stood in jrwful dignity before them "How now," juoth the dominie to the first lad, "how dare you to be smoking to bacco? - - ..... ... "Sir, " said the boy "I am subject to headaches, and a pipe takes off the pain. "And youf and you? and you?" inquired the pedagogue, questioning every boy in his turn. - ' ' - - ;. : One had "a raging tooth;" another "the colic;" a third "a cough;" in short they all had something. - - "Now, sirrah," bellowed the doctor to the last boy, "what disorder do you smoke for?" . - - Alas, all the excuses -were exhausted; but the interrogated urchin, putting down his pipe aftera powerful whiff, apd looking up m the master's face, said, in a whining. hypocritical tone, "Sir, I smoke for corns!" The Richest Community in the World, . Lo the poor Indian! - A day or two since we had occasion to" mention that the result of the late sale of Delaware (Indian ) trust lands was S440,000.: The lands sold were only! those comprised ; in the eastern division- of J this great reservation. : The western division j is sow advertised to be sold. That contains ! some 350,000 . acres, and will undoubtedly bring an aggregate of at least 0600,000. ! The tribe are also the owners of a home res- i ervation almost immediately adjoining Leav enworth City, forty miles long by ten broad, j That would sell to-morrow readily for 010 per acre; or an aggregate of $3,000,000.-; Thus their total wealth independent of per sonal property and some of them are men of considerable individual means -is about $4,000,000, . They number in all some 900 souls; and: from the real estate described above are worth an average of 4,440 dollans per soul, or 22,220 dollars to each family of five persons among tWin. - Wath. Starl ' . A Verdict. The following verdict was given andwritten by the foreman of a cor oner's jury at , We are of A Pinion that the Decest met with hir death from Vi olant InSrmatim in the Ann produest from Unoan Csux." " 3?" "Is molasses good for a cough?" inquired Jones, who had taken a slight cold, and was barking with considerable energy. "It ought to be, said Brown; "it is much sold for consumpti-mT ' Tis Summer. Tis Summer, fbnd Summer; adoring be koei-ls, To offer bright bounties at foot of the Earth; And "she turns to him blushing; full surely she feels That do other can equal his love and hU worth ; Young Spring may woo softly, with wist in his eye; Proud Autumn may lavishly deesher with gold; And old Winter may elasp his bare bosom and sigh ; v But the fbnd Summer wins, for his love neer - growseold. ' ' " Tis Summer, fvt Summer, the sunniest hours The bright sties can deck are his jubilant train; Rieb-laden he comes -with ripe fruit and choice flowVs; And the woods peal in concert a weleoming strain, And the hills -welcome back the glad notes of their sons: . . .... As thev lift their tall heads o'er the valleys below; Where the minstrel-streams caroling, wander along, Gathering blossom gifts, dropped by charmed , -winds as they go. Tis Summer, bright Summer; rare blessings he yields. With his gifts, smiling Plenty is fillingher horn; He throws a free hand o'er the supplicant fields, And turns then a-golden with treasures of corn! For the harvest he brings us, our thanks then are ' due; 0, we all have a chance of his bountiful grace; And like good men, God bless mem ! with hearts warm and true, He gives -what he gives with a smile on his faeel .Agriculture. The propriety of devoting a few columns of a paper circulating almost exclusively among a farming community, as an ex change for information relative to their oc cupation, will hardly be doubted. Among a class of men- who are laboring with all the energy and intelligence they can cpm- mand, to bring forth from the soil products necessary for a civilized life, various pin ions, modes of work, and little .inventions will arise. Between these there should be me publie channel for communication, that all may receive the benefit of the minds of their fellow-laborers. In the East thousands are toiling and slowly developing the science of agricul tore, while their original experiments and discoveries are being continually published by hundreds of aCTicultural papers. - All that is valuable to us we shall endeavor "to select for our columns. Near or far, from the farmers of Kanzas or other States, we solicit communications on subjects of agri cultural interest. ' As we intend publishing a monthly next year, directed more particularly to the in terest of Agriculture, Horticulture, and Gardening, we have at the solicitation of the proprietor agreed to take charge of this department of the Kanzas News. Sorghum Sugar Cane. This plant possesses particular interest for the people of the' West." "From all past experiments and many . satisfactory w ones seem to have been made there seems little doubt of its success. "We have received one pound of this seed sent here for experi mental purposes by Mr. Greeley, through Thaddeus Htatt, Esq., and have other seed enough to plant three acres. We intend to test it as thoroughly as possible, in every capacity. The following information in re gard to the Sorghum, is extracted from the yew York Tribune: The cultivation of the Sorghum, or Chi nese sugar-plant, has thus far proved so de cidedly successful in this country, not only in the South, where ft seems to have been demonstrated that two crops or cuttings of sugar-bearing stalks can be obtained in one season from the same roots of that year's planting, but even so far north as Minneso ta, where it is testified that good syrup was made in 1856 from stalks hardly a hundred days from the seed, that we are impelled to urge upon our farmers and gardeners the importance of early attention to the procur ing of seed and planting for the season just before us. Let us all grow the seed this year, so that it can never be so scarce that speculators, may run it up to an exorbitant price. A great deal remains to be settled with regard to this plant, especially the best mode .of converting its saccharine proper ties into crystallized Sugar; and it is highly probable that better varieties of it will ulti mately be discovered, at least for certain lo calities than that now current in this coun try. For the present, however, it is advisa ble to continue and extend the cultivation of that which is accessible, and thus test the effect of acclimation on the character of the plant and the sweetness of its juices. We suspect that for .Louisiana, Florida and Texas, the Sorghum of Southern Africa will ultimately be found preferable to that ob tained from France by pur Patent Office, and irom China by France. If it prove true that this plant, or certain varieties of it, can be grown from year to year in semi-tropical latitudes from the same root, as the cane is grown in ihe West Indies, " and that two or more crops of sugar-yielding 6talks may be cut from that root each season, then there can be little doubt that our Southern States are destined still to lead the North in the production of Sugar. For the present, how ever, it suffices that the Sorghum may be grown wherever Indian Corn will usually ripen that its abundant juice makes a very pleasant syrup or molasses, to which it is easily reduced by boiling away four-fifths of it in the ordinary' mode of sugar-making Irom the - sap ot the - maple and that the leaves and stalks,' whether green or dry, of the sorghum make an admirable fodder for cattle, horses or. hogs, while the seeds are eaten with avidity by fowls also, to justify j the general interest evinced in it3 cultivation. We propose, therefore, to condense into the smallest space some practical directions to the prospective cultivator as follows: " ..1. ' Seed. If there be a seed -store within your reach, your easiest way is to send and buy what seed you want- In planting to raise seed (the first year's object), s pound will suffice for au acre; and this ought not to cost more than a dollar. V But beware of im posters and swindlers, for. bushels of broom-corn and kindred seeds will be palm ed off as that of the Sorghum. .. Where you cannot readily obtain seed in this way, write to your Member of Congress asking him to send you a paper; and bo will generally be able to do so.' If not, the Srel&ry cf yt ar fnate Agricultural bocvety supply you. y be able to 2, Planting Choose a warm, mellow soil, such as you would confidently, expect to grow at least fifty-bushels of Indian Corn to the acre Plow early, plow deep ana thoroughly Plant as early as you could venture to plant -corn. t If you have a hot- Dea, Start a litue seeu m ue wruer v i. 1 you plant considerably, put in your seed at different times say, in this latitude, one- quarter eaeh n the 1st, lutti ana xutn 01 May and 1st of June respectively. Plant (for seed) in hills, six seeds to the hill, and at distances of four feet each way." Try some five feet apart east and west (so as to let in the sun between the rows), and some in drilk say four to five feet apart east and west 'with the seeds six inches apart in the drill and thin the plants to. one foot apart. If you have seed in abundance, sow a little in drills two feet apart, the seeds in the drill but two or three inches apart. Cover lightly, as the seed rots if covered deeply. Keep the hens at a distance, or it win come up too soon. 3. Tillage. The Sorghum comes up look ing very puny much like broom-corn or barn-grass. If you set a blockhead to weed it, he will probably pull it up and report that it never eerminated. . Cultivate lute Indian Corn- only faithfully. If suckers start, a majority say pinch them or pull them off- that is, in growing for seed. This need not be done in growing for sugar. '. - 4. Harvesting. Whenever the seed shall be hard and black, cut off the upper. part of the stalks, say three feet long, and hang them up like broom-corn, in a dry chamber, suspended from the ceiling, so as to be out of the way of rats,'fcc. Now cut up your stalks, pull off the leaves, and satisfy your self that all manner of stock will eat them; and put the rest of the Etalks through any kind of a crushing-mill that may be handy a cider-mill would De Detter than notning catch the juice and instantly warm it over a slow fire in a large kettle, skimming off the scum so loner as any shall rise. . Then boil the iuice about four-fifths away, as if it were maple sap. Use a little lime or lime-water to neutralize the phosphoric acid, which otherwise will give a slightly acid but not . unpleasant taste to the syrup. Save some syrup without thus neutralizing the acid, as you may like it better that way. Don t waste the scum, but throw it to the pigs, where it will make at least excellent manure. Feed the pumice or crushed stalks to your cattle; and, having thus cleared the ground, be ready to plant or sow extensively next Spring. . 5. Fodder. We estimate that, whenever seed shall be sufficiently abundant, any rich, warm land will produce a third more fodder per acre if sown with Sorghum than if sown with Indian Corn, and that the Sorghum is at least twenty-five per cent more nutritious than the corn. But all. that can be effected this year is to prove that this plant is valua ble both lorfeyrup and r odder. JNext year will be soon enough for most cultivators to think of sowing for fodder or for grinding for sugar. One word of caution to experimenters: Don't run the thing into the ground. The Sorghum will prove a valuable addition to our crops, if we don t render it odious . by some Multicaulis foolery. But wheat, In dian com and clover are not going out of r j. lasmun ior suoi jeare yeu The Season and the Crops. Wheat Crop. The accounts that come to us from different sections of the country are very various in regard to the prospects of. the growing wheat. In some portions of Missouri it is represented as almost an en tire failure, while in other sections of the State it promises a fair yield. In northern and southern Illinois, wheat is reported as looking well; while in the central portions of the State it is badly winter-killed. Many fields will not return the seed- In Indiana the accounts are hardly less' various. In some portions of the Wabash valley there is much complaint of winter-killed wheat, In Kentucky wheat has suffered less from the severe winter than in the States on the North and West of us. In Michigan the accounts are generally very favorable. From Ten nessee and Georgia notices received repre sent the crop as promising. In those parts of the country around Washington City, in cluding both Virginia and Maryland, unu sually encouraging accounts reach us in re gard to wheat. From all we can learn at this early date, (April 15,) the wheat crop, taken together throughout the country, promises well; and, if not overtaken by in sects or rust, more than an average crop may be expected. In Missouri, Illinois and Indiana, where wheat is most winter-killed, there is a great difference between that which was sewn broadcast and that which was put in with the drill; the former being badly killed out, while the drilled wheat, in many places, will make an average crop; and in every in stance the drilled wheat promises much the best. . - " - In every part of the West that we have heard, and over which we have traveled, and that is considerable, the present unfa vorable condition of the wheat crop is to be attributed mainly to an excess "of water in the soil. All soils resting upon a tenacious subsoil should be underdrained, and more especially the flat prairie lands of the West. Prices of land and crops will soon warrant this, and farmers would do well to inform themselves on the subject. - ! ' . Fbctt. Notwithstanding the severe frosts, there is still a prospect of a fair crop of apples generally throughout tha country. The blossoms of the pear, plum and cherry that were opened, or nearly opened, were killed; but the later ones, in many sections, are still safe. Most of the best peaches in the level portions of Kentucky, "and the northern and central portions of Tennessee, are killed. Some late seedling varieties have thus far weathered the frost. - We will again admonish our friends to cultivate more extensively the small fruits. The strawberry, improved blackberry, rasp berry, Houghton's gooseberry, currant and the grape. These seldom, if ever, fail en tirely, and should be more widely and more carefully cultivated. Valley Farmer. Poor Farming an Expensive Business. : The truth is, poor, farming is an expen sive business. The eost exceeds the income. If from a very low grade" of farming, which must of course be unprofitable," we ascend to a better condition of the art, we shall come to a point where there is neither loss nor gain; the income ; equals the outgoes; the "ends meet, as" they S3y. .'- And this, if we understand these matters, is the very con dition in which niae-tenths of our - farming now is. :-:- - ' - - - The farmer of- a hundred acres puts on his farm, in his own labor, in the. labor of his wife and children, in taxes, insurance, &c, 6500 "The ends meetj" and if there were no better way be need not complain; for he is working his way through the world as quietly and as easily as most , men; for the development of high moral qualities he has the advantage of most others; and what ia more, he has the best possible means of training his children to those habits of in dustry and frugality, which more than con spire to make them good men and women, and worthy, citizens. . Let him not, there fore, complain. But . if there . is , a .better way, let him fall into it. We do not believe that farming is necessarily limited toTthe op eration of putting on $500 and taking off $500, and living by the operation, only be cause what is put on is mostly in the form of labor done by the family. If a farm will give $500; with the labor of one man, it will give a great deal more with the labor of two men; and the excess will more , than balance the wages and board of the second. Instead of putting on $500 and taking off $500, the better way is to put on $700 and takeoff $900; and then" put on $900 and takeoff $1,200. There is doubtless a limit, beyond which jthe income could not be made to increase above the expenditures;, but very few of us are in danger of going beyond the limit. There is much more danger of fall ing short of it. Our standard is too low. Men are afraid to trust their land, lest it should not pay them. It is the "best pay master in the world. J. A. Nash, in Ths Farmer. Experiments in Agriculture. It is an excellent thing for those farmers' who have means and opportunity, to make frequent experiments. That many of them prove useless, is no argument against the practice. This has often been the case in" every branch of business and art; and the world owes more to those experiments which have been successful, than to any other means of investigation. The way to for tune may indeed be easier or more certain to those who follow in the Wake of custom;' but as all nature is fell of truths, rarely will the investigating mind Joftg continue its re searches without making some new discov eries. Few farmers are aware of the scope and' capabilities of agriculture, and, doubtless-,, think the arts a much more suitable place for studv and experiment. And yet agri culture is mere extensive in its relations to other sciences, and is much more difficult of comprehension, than any of the mechanic arts. But it is exceedingly difficult to per suade most persons of this fact. . They ap pear to think agriculture a simple matter, and easfly understood, requiring rather muscu lar powers, than skill and intellect, to carry on its operations successfully. More en lightened times, however, are fast superce ding these old and unprogressive ideas. . It certainly were ill-deserving the manifold praises bestowed upon it, if agriculture will admit nothing more than the achievements of bodily exertion. And it should be the . principal object of agricultural experiments to bring to light such facts as shall1 lessen . the labors, and enlarge the rewards of the husbandman. We should avail 'ourselves . of every means by which we may add to our knowledge, and increase the facilities of labor. Let science and mechanics facilitate the work of hands. Let . contrivance and skill take the place of bone and muscle; and nothing, we are confident, can gr? e greater impulse to the cause of the farmer. This is the reason why so many. young men have hitherto fled to the city in pursuit of fortune: because the toils of agriculture are so great, ana tne rewards so meager and remote. compared with many branches of trade, as to offer no incentive in this direction. It is in vain to anneal lrt ihe of rural life, and caution against the dangers that beset the town. So loner as those ob jections lie in the way these things will be iiiue aesirea on tne one hand, or feared on the other. Once show that agriculture is capable of as great and as sbeedv return: and with as little labor, as other pursuits. ana we snau see as much talent and influ ence attracted to its ranks, as to any avoca tion or profession whatever. American Ag riculturist. Watermelon Juice. ; r A correspondent copies the following, which originally appeared in the Prairie Farmer, and sends it .with his own endorse ment. Keep this till the melon season : . I endeavor to raise a cond wafprmlnn patch. They are a healthy and a delightful i uih x cuuvate me . icmg variety; plant early in May, and again towards the close of the month, so that they may come in succes sion. When they begin ripening we com mence cutting and using them freely during the hot . weather. When the weather be comes cool in September, we bring a quan tity of them to the house, split them open, with a spoon scrape out the pulp into a cul lender, and strain the juice into vessels. We boil it in an iron vessel to a syrup, then put in apples or peaches like making apple-butter, and boil slowly until the fruit is well cooked; then epice to the taste, and we have something that. EKt people' prefer to apple-butter or anykkind of preserves- . Or the syrup may be boiled : without fruit, down to molasses, w.hich wall be as fine, as the sugar-house molasses. We have made . in a single autumn, as much as ten gallons of the apple-butter (if I 'may so call it) and molasses, which kept in a fine condition un til May. . :. - - .' ' Bloody Zlurrsin A Cure, . 1 Take of white oak bark, newly peeled from the tree, as much as youtcan easOy encom pass with the thumbs and fingers of both hands. Boil this in one gallon of water for ashort tune; then pour the water off, , and , dissolve in it a lump of alum the size of a hulled walnut, and a lamp, of copperas of -the same size. " With this . mixture drench the sick animal, and tke cure will soon be effected. In only one instance did he have need for any additional remedy and then, to facilitate the opening of, the . bowels, he administered a plate of lard.. : We hope this remedy win be extensively and ' thoroughly., experimented with in all parts of the country, and the results xt- EJrted, Ifurr&iu is a disease which takes rgely from the profits of stock-raising ia the west, and as there is no known cure there will be no harm in trying this. Prcri-. rie Farmer. - . . ' . . -'. - L It is a solemn tliingto be married," said Aunt Bethany. ' " Yes; but a great deal solemner not to be," said the little girl, her niece. The Salem Gazette says the follow ing sign may be seen swinging at a black- , smith shop m Essex "No horses shod on. Sunday excepting fdekness o death."