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S ATUnDAY,:::::::::::::::::: JUNE 20, 1851 THE PEOPLE MOVING JIass Meeting at Topeka, : Tuesday, June stn, xooi. Speech of Gen; LaneExciting debate on Resolution h Judae Concav, trov. iioowon, ly. - A. Phillip. C. IF. F. Zsonkardt, W. F.M. Any and other Final Unantmiiy ana Harmony. Fronj 04ir Special Correspondent. ; . Topeka, June 3th, 1857. HORNING SESSION. ' In accordance with the call of the Delegate Convention of the 10th of March last, a Mass Convention assembled at Topeka, on Tues day, the 9th inst. It. was a. lovely day and . the summer sun smiled upomthe hundreds rf frM-TTip'n who were "assembled from all - 3ff parts of Kanzas, to counsel together m "re gard to the position in which they are now placed Governor R. J. Walker was present, with his suite, to watch the proceedings, he bav ins-been there ever since the Saturday pre vious, on which day he had made a speech to the people of Topeka. TheGovernor, aided by some quasi Free State men,strenu- .ously endeavored to divide the Convention, 'and prevent it from recommending efficient action to the Legislature, which was to as semble the same day At ten o'clock A. M. the people assembled in front of Union Hall. The meeting was called to order .by Judge C6nwat, and or: ganized by the appointment of Gen. J. H. Lake," as President " . The - following persons were selected as Vice Presidentsf by a committee appointed for that purpose: J. W. Morris, W. C. Lar rabee, Lyman Allen, Fielding Johnson and W. W. Ross. W. F. M. Arny, and T. D. Thatcher were- appointed as Secretaries. On motion, the President appointed the following committee to report business for the action of the Convention: Judge M. Con way, M.W. Delahay, W. Oakley, Gov. Rob inson, Judge Hunt, G. W. Deitzler, A.A. Jamison, C. K. Holliday, J. P. Root, and Judge Smith. . - Gen. Lane was then called out, and re sponded as follows: "Gentlemen of the Convention Fellow Cit izens of -Kitnzas: We have reached a crisis in our affairs not by any means a bloody crisis: that day I hope has passed forever. It is now a struggle of mind against mind a contest of sagacity and shrewdness. Two years ago, amidst the shouts of a foul usur pation, and while violence, rapine and mur der were stalking through th land, the peo ple of Kanzas formed for themselves a State Constitution, and enlisted under its banner. They met in convention, framed that docu ment and submitted it to the people. It was ratified, and a Legislature elected under it. That body met in March of last year, ad journed till the fourth of July last, and when assembled in this place were met by the can .non of the United States. We have pro gressed steadily onward, however, and to day the Legislature are here to complete that organization. "A certain party for which in conse quence ofpld recollections I still have some regard for the sake of securing the pro slavery influence for their nominations, prov ed themselves recreant to all their antece dents. They opposed the people's organi zation. Buchanan forgot the coarse he took on the admission of Michigan. 'Stephen A. Douglas and Frank Pierce, (excuse me for mentioning the dead), stultified themselves for the sake of gaining Southern votes at Cincinnati. Their allies in Missouri, to aid them, undertook to drive us out. . You and I know how well they have succeeded at that game. We fought and endured as men never did before. The beautiful spring came and with it thousands of Free State men, and to-day eighteen' out tf every twenty are in favor of making Kanzas a Free State, and making it so themselves. - . . - "Gov. Walkerhas come here as a mission-4 ary for the salvation, of the Democratic -party. If I had been a .Democrat "I should have done as Buchanan did, and implored Walker to come here and save the party. am glad the Administration have sent us a man of national reputation-Kne who baa something to lose. : His Inaugural Addresi is a beautifully written document. I don't know when I have react anything thatTiasltioB, and with their own government, rest charmed me more than has this Address." He proceeded ably and skillfully o dissect the Address. "Walker commences wrong by saying that these infernal Territorial laws(?) must be obeyed. This we shall never 'do in any manner, shape or form.- Our revolutionary fathers inscribed on their banners, "Taxation anofrepresentation shall go hand in hand," and we, their sons, have done the same. Secretary Stanton has said that a regiment of U. S." troops will collect taxes. No such thing. "When we went UP to Lecompton last summer to release the prisoners, orders were sent to a cotapany of artillery of the U. S. army to march against But they said "Hold, we wSl take a vote on it;" and fifty-four out of the sixty voted against fighting the Free State men ! When a company of the troops came to Law rence after me, and there wa3 a prospect that the'"boys" would fight, the soldiers said to them: "If you will fire over us', we! ill fire over you." While we are right I ould rather fight the troops than the Ruf fians. " ' - j "Gov. Walker has a great liking for free! negroes, and saya that the Topeka Constitu-! tion contains a clause which prohibits ne groes from residing in Kanzas. He has got to retract that. . The question of exclu dl3g negroes was submitted to the people, an 1 they instructed the first Legislature to Pass a law to that effect. - But t is not a cfause-of (he Constitution and the Legisla ' ture is not bound to fcbey the - instruction. The Governor wants U3 to go into the elec tion'for Delegates, and tells U3 that if we stay at home we shall be bound by the ac tion o those who do vote. We - shall see whether tiro out of twenty will ' succeed in forcing a constitution upon the people. We will not vote at this election. It will be time enough totultify oursjglves when we have a fair -chance. The people of Kanzas will neither be - bought or driven. ' Gov. Walker's promise 6i land for schools and railroads are. like the promises of Satan to Jesus Christ, when he took him up on.a high mountain and showed him all the world, and offered to give it all to him if he would but fall down and worship him.." "If we will worship the Democratic party and be guid ed by it, we shall have much land!- Our fathers were not to be bought. Great Brit ain promised them land, gold and offices, but they would not yield. In reply to anpffer of this kind, Mr. Reed said: 'I am poor, very poor, . bat He I.:sydoia of Great- 13 ntaiu cannot buy me." The U. S. Government cannot buy the people of Kanzas' . I hope the Legislature will pass a code of. laws, preparatory to our admission into the Union. This will notmake difficultv- If the peace of Kanzas is disturbed it will be by the bo gus Constitutional Convention. I say to them 'Beware! The Free State men are as a sleeping volcano; beware how' you open jthe crater's mouth.' After this convention has fizzled we will meet and re-enact the To peka Constitution. By this time Walker will write to Douglas and Buchanan: I served you faithfully as a missionary; I tried hard to get Kanzas for the Democratic party, but the people of Kanzas, stern and unyielding, stood by the old banner, and .would not be bought nor driven "The U. S. Government is strong against a wrong, but powerless when arrayed against the people and for the wrong. In Ohio a United States Marshal has been imprisoned for attempting to arrest a fuiri- tiveslave, and the troops are moving in that direction. a he Legislature of Wisconsin has passed a law declaring that "the U. S. Government shall not collect damages of Booth, who was accessory to the rescue of a fugitive slave, thus bringing the two Gov ernments into collision. Utah is also in a state of rebellion; and the Government troops are marching to put it down. In this state of affairs it is folly "to suppose that the Government will involve themselves with the people of Kanzas. Gov Walker was sent here to gain for the Old Linerstthe credit of making Kanzas a Free State. Remember that it was this par ty that slew our martyrs. They cannot now control their allies, who still seek to make Kanzas a Slave State, or leave it where it is placed by the Dred Scott decision. Two vears ago we hoisted our banner and now show me the traitor who would desert its blood stained folds. Gentlemen, I have detained you longer than I intended I thank you for your at tention. ' ' t On motion the Convention adjourned un til 3 P. M. " AFTERNOON SESSION. Convention met pursuant to adjournment. The committee on business reported, through their Chairman, Judge Conway, as follows: , - Whereas, By unfair legislation by the Lecompton "Legislative Assembly," and the manner of Registration under the -act providing for a call of a convention to form a Constitution has excluded a. large majori ty of the voters of Kanzas from a participa tion in the election of delegates to said con vention; therefore " ' 4 Resolved 1st. That this Convention re spectfully and earnestly recommend to the Free State party- of Kanzas, that the election for delegates, in. pursuance of the law enacted by the Lecompton bogus Leg islature, be disregarded and permitted to pass without any jjarticipation therein by the Free State party of Kanzas. 2. That the people of Kanzas now as ev er, disown as invalid and of no force or ef fect the authority of the Territorial govern ment as embodied in the enactments of the so-called Legislature of Kanzas. - 3. That it is made incumbent on the peo ple of Kanzas, by the highest considerations of justice and expediency to look forward cow as ever, to their admission into the Un ion, under, the Constitution which they have already formed," as the only, method of ad justing existing difficulties to which they will assent. - 4. That the people of Kanra will pursue with unfaltering steadiness of . purpose, the application now pending before the Con gress of the United States, ft r their admis sion into the Union under their Constitu- mg their hopes for the success thereof upon the profound confidence they feel that a measure so eminently just, and so accordant to the principles of past legislation in our country will eventually be conceded and sanctioned to them by the Representatives of .the American People. 1.,: That the Constitution framed and adop ted at Tdpeka, had its origin in a, public "necessity, was the offspring of the popular will, and experience has proved the wisdom of those who 'framed it, and it is the duty of the, Legislature and officers elected under it, to complete the State organization,- and keep its machinery in readiness for use so soon a3 weare admitted into the Union, or the necessities of the people shall require G. W. Smith, C. K. IIOLLIDAT, G. W. Deitzler, J. P. Root, ' A. A. Jamison., . C. Robinson, -. Morris Hcnt, M. W. Delahat, Walter Oaklet. ; - . Judge Conway dissented from the report, and offered the following as a substitute for the fifth resolution: v - - . - . - Resolved 1st., That while we disclaim any intention to employ :, force to maintain the authority of our government, we do now recommend to the people of Kanzas, that they, voluntarily, peacefully and universal ly accept, as their only rightful government; and act in all things with, and up to the government established under the Tc-pek Constitution; that they should look to it ex clusively to extend protection to individual righis, and to regulate all the relations of society; and that they should refer: all their personal controversies to its judicial tribu nals for adjudication and settlement, and should scrupulously abide the decisionSof the same; that they should in fine adoptft ia all its details and the business of TT day life, and everywhere respect its legisla tion as binding upon them; and its' i officii functionaries as entitled to their obedient-; to the nd that the aforesaid governinei: shall become the living government or i:;: coram unity. - . " ; . . '. '. 2d. That nf order to enable the people 6 accomplish this object, the Legislature uisr der the State Constitution now in session s;, this Til.-irviL in tha' oninion of this' Con voli tion, should proceed to complete the organ- ization of the fctata GoverEment so '-far a that work constituies part bf- its Legislaf duty, SYef by i? thl?ghiBun5f esMrK'' out tue,ouii, auu pro laiug lor ui ionu oi government for the same. -Secondly, by providing for . the incorporation of towns throughout the State, including forms of government for. the 6ame; and by the enact ment of all law 8 whatsoever which may be necessary to the complete development' of the forms of the government to thatpoint'at whieh they .may be taken - hold of by the people in all their "local departments and made the fundamental rule of government. In support of his position Judge Conwat spoke in substance, as follows: "Allow me to say that it is not without careful consideration that I dissent from the opinions of the other members of the com mittee. It was onlv a sense of the highest conscientious convictions which led me to adopt this course. You know and we all know that this Topeka Government has been hanging like a dead weight on us. lhe people are fast losing confidence in it. : Three times the Legislature have met and nothing been done, until the people begin to think it is not worthy of their confidence longer. If we do not wish to be privy to its destruction, we should ask the Legislature and the peo ple to take hold and make it a living govern ment. This resolution of the committee leaves the thing in the same predicament in which it ha always been; contemplates the same state of inactivity and inertia in the future as has characterized the Topeka Gov ernment since its formation. I can under stand the consistency of Col. Delehay in ad vocating this Tesolulion, who has always op posed putting the wheels of this government in motion; but I cannot understand why a man who professes to believe in it should take such a position. I believe in the Topeka Government, as I alwavs have done, and am ready to stand by it. The necessity of put - ting jt into active operation is every dar. fcli.- Every day the people feel more and more the' necessity of havingsome form of government, and many are being driven into a recognition of the Territorial . enactments by .this very want which can be supplied by the Topeka Government, lhe substitute which I oner contemplates nothing but giving to the peo ple a government of their own something tangible which they can take hold of." Col. Delehat followed Judge Conwat, in opposition to the substitute. His remarks were not well received He feared a col lision with the Territorial authorities tho't Gov. Walker would give us all the rights we were entitled to. His speech, although against the substi tute had a good effect for it. He" was fre quently interrupted with questions and re marks while speaking. Mr. Delehat was followed by W. A. Phil lips, especial Uorrespondent oi the i. x. Tribune, who spoke in favor of the substi tute. , - "He said the ground taken by the substi tute was sustained by Gov. V alker in his Inaugural Address. One half of the coun ties of this Territory have not ..been organi zed under the Territorial law. In such coun ties there could be no collision. None would deny the right of the people in. those coun ties to form for themselves, such a govern ment as - would afford them protection, f and guarantee to them their rights:- It was im possible, to bring a bid of indictment against a whole people. . It was manifestly: the duty of the Legislature to give the forms of the Government to the people in order that they might take hold of.them and use them as eoon as they chose. ':: support the substitute be- caae it is ttvtng." -Gov. Robinson followed Mr.- Phillips against the substitute, on the ground that tT, TvrmU cr.Ta At,n t M .A 1 to take hold of the government and carry it out. - -He thought it wa3 best to say but lit tle but act when the time cpmeV There had already been too many resolutions. The resolutions were already in advance of the ac tion.. This substitute was merely introduc ed to show the feelings of the man . Judge Smith followed in a good stump speech, but scarcely alluded to the resolution, Mr. C. W. F. Leonhardt next spoke in favor of J udge Conwat's resolution. He said: : ' . - ' - . Gentlemen, and Fellow Citizens: After listening to these speakers, my spirit has gone back to Europe, and my mind recalls scenes in which I have been an actor bn bloody fields. I allude to' these things not on personal grounds, but because the strug gle; here is a similar one. As a Representa tive from the 6th district, I have a duty to perform; My constituents defined ray du ries in my capacity of Representative. These duties are in full accordance with my feel ings I see that am&ng the freedom loving men ' here, " there are two parties. One of them says "wait," but the other says "go on. So it was in the Hungarian Revolution. When we could have beaten the Austrians, a portion f aid "wait " till we are stronger." e waited until the Russians carae, and we were overthrown. Here they say wsit to see what your Governor will doj he promises U3 railroads -and many : tiths thing?' I have not much faith in lam. His ats are. suspicious. -'Timeo'danos et dona ferestes. I fear the Greeks, though they -come with presents.! When we get ready for railroads j-we will build them ourselves. "We forekn- born citizens heard the wail of Freedom in Kanzas- we were bound to listen to that cry: I speak for the adopted citizens when I say we are with you in the fight. We will not shrink. We are "Americans by choice and are proud of our chosen land. - The people of the 6th' District wish to put the carriage m motion, and they ask of others to help them. They wish to organize under the State Government. The v do not wish to "wait." . - T.-D7 Thatcher next spoke. His re marks' were able and forcible, although not touching the subject under consideration. He spoke of the anxiety of Gov. Walker to - get the Iree State men in,iounties where - J there had been no census taken, to elect Del facers and -ask of tlio Ccnveatv4 to admit them. His arguments against such an ar rangement were conclusive. . txen. jlane lollowed. lie spoke against Conway's substitute, although maintaining the right of the people of a Territory to frame a Government and put it in motion, in., or out cf the Union. He said that if the State Government had been perfected last summer the Territorial Government would have gone down the river on a raft, and the State Gov ernment put in its place! But he wished the people to be united before attempting to pat the State Government into active opera tin. They must, take no wrong steps at this time. .Gen Lane was followed by Mr. Walden, of.Quindaro, who" spoke for a few minutes on the present aspect of affairs, censugng the, conduct of those Free State men who contemplated voting at the coming election for Delegates to the Constitutional Conven tion. - His remarks were pointed and were well received. Ajr. Arnt was next called. out, but before he Lad commenced speaking a motion to ad journ until 8 o'clock in the evening, prevailed. EVENING SESSION. F. M. Arnt spoke in substance Mr. - v. W. as loilows: r Ma. President When I first heard the resolutions read I should have voted in fa vor of the one . reported by the committee, but 6mee hearing the discussion that has ta ken place, I am convinced that the leaders j are behind the people, j w&a w; want. -- I I Action, not talk, is ook upon this j whole question as a very serious one. The people of the District which I have the honor, in part, to represent, have been left without even bogus law, and from the tenor of most of the speeches delivered here this afternoon, it is quite probable that we shall be" left with out laws or organization, by the Free State Legislature also. . - At this point the . President announced that a message had been received by him stating that Gov. Walker would speak in front of the Garvey House in a few minutes.- This "announcement was received with hisses and cries of "Shameful attempt to break up this meeting;" "hear Amy;" "to the devil with Walker," fcc." The President reques ted the messenger to inform Gov. Walker that this meeting would remain-in session until its business was finished, regardless of his speaking. .. O rder being restored, Mr. Arnt continued: "One of the speakers said that the peo ple of Kanzas loved the Topeka Constitu tion. But if I know the spirit of the peo ple aright, they will "go into another arrange ment soon if something is not done under the Topeka Government. . In that portion of Kanzas known as Anderson county, the people have already been forced to organ ize for their own protection. Gov. Walker 2?as recognized this organization ss lawful, without, however, intending to. do so, by a letter addressed to one of its officers. The people in the southern counties will take hold vf thij or something else to prevent being forced into the bogus courts. In view , of these . facts the duty of - the Legislature is very plain. I want to see some measure carried out that wfll meet the wants of the tvxple" ; Amid cnes ot "question, . uen. IjAne f-rose to statS tLat thfiTe was one point, and a very important one, too, which he had for- gotten to mention in his speech, and that was that some parts of the Territory were not represented at all in this meeting, and it would be unwise to push matters to extremes ia view of this fact. - -, Judge Conwat insisted on his , right to dose the debate, which he did in a manner highly creditable to himself. His remarks were eloquent, with truth, and in ordinary circumstances would have '. been as success ful as could have been desired, but those who had heretofore led the Free State party were united against it, and when the question was substitute was lost. The original resolution was then amended by, striking out the words "tre are admitted into the Union er".and in this shape it was passed unanimously. On motion, it was unanimously ' Resolved, That since the issues of the past have been sufficient to develop the sterling principles of every man in, Kanzas, there fore we regard any,, maa who sympathises with out . oppressors to the extent that he consents to become a delegate to the Lecomp ton convention or a candidate to the same, is unworthy the fellowship "or. confidence of Free State men, and should he regarded with suspicion everywhere. " -; ;'- " After - which the Convection adjourned sins die. ;. X 1 ri l-yj-: . .J.' GOV. wAXJpS 6TEAX3. :. X, After the adjournment of the Conveatkm, the people assembled in front of the Garvey House when they were ' addressed byx. Gov. Walker and E. O. Perrin. :Gov. Walker said that it was his earnest desire, that the whole people should have a fair chance to vote as to what institutions should govern them. He said that the Lecompton Consti rational Convention would doubtless sub mit the instrument framed by them to the people for their ratification or rejection. " He acknowledged that he himself had no power over their movements, and that it rested en tirely with the convention to submit it to the people or not, as they chose. He did not specify in what manner thje people. were to have a chance at the ballot-box. I suppose he will let them know when it suits the pleasure of his High "Mightiness. If be ex pa the "people to 4 -satisfioi - with' such vague and general promises' as -he has pro mulgated thus far, he is mistaken. .' . -Mr. Perrin's speech was siihply a collec tion of anecdotes well strung together. He is the shadow of Walker, a sort of "Eolian attachment." He is very good natured and patriotic, and we understand made a fortune in Tenuessee puffing this "glorious Union," for which task he is pre-eminently qualified .Schools at the "West. Xew Englanders are accustomed to boast of the freedom of their institutions, the fa cilities offered by them for the acquisition of an education, and of the high position of their common schools. The State of 2s ew York is not backward in its own self-glorification, and is quite as apt as her republi can sisters larther east, to consider the means adopted by herself to educate the people, as a little in advance of all the rest of the world. They do not seem to consul er a moment, that in ' this, as in all other things, the star of empire takes its way to wards the getting sun. They have been ac customed to regard the people of such states as Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa,' as a kind of outside barbarians, living on the outskirts of civilization, and passing through that transition state, half sunshine and half shadow which forms the connecting link between barbarism and civilization. They can hardly be made to believe without an actual survey of the field, that thriving and popular communities are springing up all over the vast field,' in which all that adorns and signifies humanity is sedulously culti vated and improved. . ' Churches, school-houses, public libraries and galleries of art,,aro.to be found in local ities, which within the memory of men1 yet young, scarcely had' a civilized inhabitant. Teachers, and men of science; the most el oquent and learned that can be found, are drawn from the east, and encouraged to take up their permanent abode in those attract ive regions. Innumerable instances might be cited to substantiate " this position, but two or three must answer as illustration. Bishop Lee of Iowa, has been drawn away from our own prosperous and beautiful city to a newer and wider pastoral field. Hor ace-Mann, the eloquent and distinguished advocate of popular, education, and well known as the former Secretary of the Massachusetts- Board of Public Instruction, has been installed President of Antioch College, Ohio. John Dore,.n acquaintance and friend of the writer, last summer re signed the mastership of one of the largest public schools in Boston, where he was re ceiving eighteen hundred dollars a year, and has assumed the duties of .School Su perintendent at Chicago. It is tiot only to the distinguished educator and divine that the West offers ample inducements; the la borious and practical teacher finds abundant employment and good pay. A young friend of ours from Henrietta, ia . this county, a first-rate teacher, . however, as one of his brothers was before him, has lately located at La Salle, Illinois, where they place him at the head of a school numbering 6ix hun dred scholars, and -pay him twelve hun dred dollars a year. The school-house now in process of erection costs the communi ty fifteen thousand dollars, and a member of the board of education wa3 in this city last week to inake . arrangements with one of our mechanics for the furniture , of the school rooms. . , . , When it is considered that some of the very best colleges in New England -pay their professors, who are men of the highest sci entific attainme5ts, and have .had .years of experience, but a thousand dollars a vear, and that verv few cities anywhere can boast of school houses costing even ten thousand dollars, we are partially prepared to appre ciate the liberality-and energy of those young communities of the West -which so overbid us for theervices of our best men. Think of a young city a thousand miles from the sea. board and from the old haunts of science and learning, erecting : Common School houses worth fifteen thousands dol lars, and paying their principals twelve hun dred dollars a year! . New England must look to her laurels, for other and newer States are also building school houses and raising re en . '-Moore 's Rural JTew Yorker. The Charleston Mercury, commenting on the suggestion of Mr. Secretary Stanton, that the -Constitution (to be framed by the Convention-in Kanzas) should be. submitted to the people for ratification, remarks: We cannot but look upon this suggesi tion of Mr. Stanton, however,' coupled with declarations of Southern feeling, and the de termination expressed by-'Governor Walker, as partaking of the " nature of -official dicta tion, and being, in fact, aiviolauon f "the promised ' neutrality an" insidious and high-handed breach of laith towards the South and Southern men in Kaozas.'. We, therefore, desire in" the outset to stamp this game as it deserves, and ? protest against all attempts to influence the action' of the-Convention from without, woether coming from tha Tetrikfrial officers . appointed by -the President, or the Fire Soil schemes of New York aad Boston, The real obj-eet and end is, . undeT the guise of fair Swords - to the South; to make Free State ef-Kssxss." !, -. - - ' . : ' :' True Eloquence. -We learn from the Frohibitiottist that Paul Denton's celebrated Cold Water-Rhapsody has been attributed to John B. Gough. It is a fine burst of eloquence, and we copy it, with a part of the prefatory remarks, of the Prohibitionist: - - . Paul Denton an eccentric, but eloquent missionary - of the . Methodist .. Episcopal Church, advertised that on a certain day there would be "A barbecue camp meeting" at the "Double Spring Grove," at which the people might expect "a good barbecue, better liquor, and the best of gospel." A large gathering was the consequence of this singular announcement. The barbecue was provided, the people seated to partake of it, when one, known as a ferocious rowdy, du ellist and lyncher, and who seemed bent on' having a quarrel with somebody, cried, out in an insolent v.oice "JfcL?. Paul Denton, your reverence has lied. You promised not only a good barbecue, but better Hquor. Where's yot liquor?' v - "There!" exclaimed ' the missionary, in tones of thunder, and pointing with his mo tionless finger at the. double Spring, gush ing up in two strong columns, with a sound like the shout of joy from the bosom of the earth! "There!" he repeated," with a look terrible as lightning, while his enemy was actually trembling at his feet: ."there is the liquor which God, the eternal, brews for his children! "Not in the simmering still, over smo king fires, choked with poisonous gasses, and surrounded with the-stench of sickening odors, and rank corruption, doth your Fath er in Heaven prepare the precious essence of life, pure cold water -but in the green glade and grassy dell, where the red deer wanders and the child loves to play, there God himself brews it; and low in the deep est valleys, where fountains murmur and the rills sing; and high upon the mountain top. where the naked granite glitters like gold in the sun, where the storm clouds brood, and the thunder-storms crash; and a way, far out in the wide, . wide sea, where hurricanes howl music, and big waves roar the chorus. sweeping the march of God' there He brews it, that beverage of life, health -giving wafer. ' - - "And everywhere it is a thing of beauty; gleaming in the dew-drop, singing in the summer ram, shining in the ice-gem, when the trees seem turned into living jewels spreading a golden vail over the setting sun, or a white gauze around the midnight moon; sporting in the cataract; sleeping in the glacier;'- dancing in the hail -shower; folding bright snow-curtains softly o'er the wintry, world, and weaving the many color ed iris, the seraph's zone of the sky,, whose warp is the rainbow of earth, whose woof is the sKiibVam f cvea, &U-hrcked over with celestial flowers, by the mystic hand of re fraction. Still, always is it beautiful, that blessed cold water. No poison bubbles at hs brink; its foam brings not madness and murder; no blood stains its liquid -glass; pale and weeping orphans weep not burning tears in its clear depths; no drunkard's shrieking ghost from the grave curses it in words of despair! Speak out, my friends, would you exchange it for the demon drink. alcohol?" - , . , A shout, like the roar of the tempest. answered.''Nt ! no!" . . Individual Thought the Duty of Man. Sometimes public opinion is bowed, to as despotic authority. It is supreme arbiter, -and many a man is a most capital weather cock a sure indicator o the quarter from which the wind blows. Sometimes the au thor of an opinion, or the school in which t is taught, is enough to condemn - it. We all have our Nazareths, out of which no good things can come. Sometimes we meet men who will not venture an op;nn on any subject until they have heard one from some- . body eke. Others again take pnde hi the idea 6T being thought independent, and. crooked and perverse generation thatthey are take pains to adopt What others reject, and reject what others adopt. They are - slaves, as well as their neighbors, to a mas ter within instead of without. . In truth, the power of thearious passions to warp, the judgment their tyranny over the under standing, can scarcely be over-estimated. ' "He that ruleth his own spirit is better than he that taketh a city." Sometimes men are attracted by the novelty or beauty of some idea ortheory, and fall ia love with, it; as a susceptible vouth surrenders in stantly -to a pretty' ace Sometimes the opinions of great men are deferred - to 'as oracular. ,'. Sometimes the great are slavish ly imitated, and the man who by the assid uous cultivation of hU powers might have made 6omethingof himself, becomes sim ply a laughing stock. The examples of the great are not before us to be slavishly cop ied. Every man has his own mental eon stitution, ia the, development and training of which he may profit by the merits and defects of others. He may learn much from the .study of a Chalmers ora .Webster,5 but what can be more contemptible than a little Chalmers, or a puny Webster?. . .. ' -. - " JL Short Serracn. -"- ' - Let your home be provided wita such comforts and cecessfcrie-- as piety, . pickles,, potatoes," pots and kettles, brushes brooms, benevolence, bread, charity, cheese, crackers, faith, flour, affection cider, sincerity, oa ions, Integrity, viaegar, wine and wisdom. Have all these constantly oa hand, and..hap piness willhe with you. - Don't drink any thing intoxicating; eat moderately; .go about vour business alter DreaEi&: lonuge a lime aftpf dinner; chat a little affc? lea; kiss after quarreling; and all the joy, ;tbe peace, and the bliss the earth can afi'ord shall be yours,, ; till the grave closes over ybaTaad your .spir its are borne to a brighter and happier world- EST Xt is a singular fact thai Hancock was not orginally elected S3 a deleg&te to the Con- - -. tmental Congress at; Philadelphia.' : The ; illness cf JamesLjBdwdoni's wife compelled. Eowdoia to remahKat hom and; Hancock was selcted as his eucstitiite; Toth'Srx', : fling' circumstance Ilsneoekjs inec L4ed for the croud distinct!: be has- frsisKf tl-3T"t' mg hi3 naseenrolled where M tli tot1I ; may read jt-fore?io osuSroU :.jct l:.C - f: - t i i- . .