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The Kanzas News.
p. D. PLU9B) s : : Proprietor aa4 Editor. 11.' 5. niNTON, : S Corresponding Editor. v EMPORIA, KANZAS: ' S ATURD AY,:nn:::nn-AUGTJST S, 1 857. The Bogus Legislative Apportionment. We received the "Apportionment for the Second Territorial Legblature for the Terri tory of Kanzas," alias Missouri, just as we were going to pres3 fast Saturday, and bad but time to insert it, without comment. We place it '. ia our columns again to-day, for the purpose of referring to it;- and know ing that it Would well repay a second pe rusal. y ';. . We approach the V subject' . with some misgivings as to our ability to do its merits that justice vhich they deserve. e' By this apportionment the counties of Shawnee, Richardson, Davis, Wise, Breck- enridge. Bourbon,7 Godfrey, Wilson, Dorn, McGee, Butler, Hunterr Greenwood, Madi son, Weller,' Coffey, Woodson and Allen eighteen in number are entitled to tvo mem bers of Council, while Douglas and Johnson counties are entitled to two members. John son county lies adjoining Jackson county, Missouri, which has turned out more Kan zas voters in times past and is ready to do it again than any other county in the State. Leavenworth county alojae, has three mem bers of Council; and Doniphan and Atchi son (both border counties) have one each, And the returns of the census lately taken by the Marshals under act of the Free State Legislature, show, that these same eighteen counties which receive but two members, lack but a few hundred of containing half the entire population of Kanzas. Then we find that the counties of Ander son, Ly kins, . Linn, and Franklin, and' all that part of the Territory of Kanzas which lies west of Wise, Butler and Hunter coun ties, are entitled to one Councilman. The counties of Lykins and Linn border en Mis souri, and as an instance of what may be expected in October, we will just state that, at the election held in June last, for mem bers of the Bogus Constitutional Conven tion, when no outside aid was needed, over one hundred Missourians came over into Linn county and voted ! And in October, when aid for their brethren will be needed, that amiable section will probably turn out five hundred or a thousand. There is anoth er feature worthy of notice, and which will prove highly suggestive to those who are acquainted with past events in Kanzas, and that ia the fact that to these counties of An derson, Franklin, Lykins and Linn is. at tached all that portion of the Territory west of the counties of Wise, Butler and Hunter; leaping over one hundred miles of settled country to attach a wild and unsettled re gion to these counties, from which the re turns can be regulated according to the ne cessities of the case ! Thus we see that southern Kanzas, con taining two-thirds of the population of the Territory, gets three Councflmen, while the other third get3 eight I But the apportion ment of 'members for the House of Repre sentatives is still more atrocious. Douglas . and Johnson counties and all that part of the Territory lying west of the counties of Wise, Butler and Hunter, are en titled to eight members of the House. An other leap into the unsettled regions. More fears that Missouri whisky has lost its potency and will fail to stimulate enough votes to en ter Johnson county to over-balance the free- Boil vote of Douglas. Then we have the nineteen counties of Richardson, Davis, Wise, Breckenridge, Weller, Madison, Butler, Hunter, -Greenwood, Bourbon, Godfrey, Wilson, Dorn, McGee, Woodson, Coffey, Allen, Anderson and Franklin, all but two of them being in the interior, entitled to the astonishing number of three Representatives while Lykins and Linn counties, loth on the border, are- each entitled to two Represen tatives. Southern Kanzas, with half the whole pop ulation, gets seven out of thirty-nine Rep re resen tatives. What mockery ! What an &trociou3 piece of villainy ! The apportion- . rnent is even made in vitiation of their own law. But Lad we not reason to expect it ? Could we for a moment suppose that they would give up the contest now, after all the villainies they had committed, just because one more hellish crime was needed to consu male their triumph ? No ! if we have for one moment suffered ourselves to think that . they would do U3 a simple act of justice, we have been deceived. They knew full well that if they gave us a fair election, they would be forever ruined. The Free State men will never assist them to perpetuate their infamous tyranny by- participating in the October election under their outrageous ap portionment. --' District -Meeting. - - The leal voters of the 14 th Represent tiye District are hereby notified . that there ww oe a meeting held at Emporia on Sat- urday, August 15, 1857, for the. purpose of appointing five Delegates to the Conven tion to be held &t Grasshopper Falls on weanesuay, August 26.- By order of the District Committee We hope the response to this call will be a large turn-out of the people of the D is trict. The Convention to be held at Grass hopper, Falls will be; an , important . one, ak it will probably determine the action of the people of Kanzas in regard to the October election. : Tt is therefore desirable that a full expression, of the "people . should be had, so that the Delegates to that Convention may reflect them fairly. Election in the Fourteenth District. 'EMPORIA PRECTXCT. StatT Ticket Representative to Con gress M. J. Parrott, 147; Secretary of State P. C. Schuyler, 152; State Auditor G. A. Cutler, 152; Supreme Judges M. F. Conway and S. N. Latta, 152; Reporter Su preme Court E. M- Thurston, 152; Clerk Supreme Court G.? A, Patrick, 152. District Ticxxt. Senator C. F. W. Leonhardt, 129; Representative C. Colum bia, 14 5. . . ' ' For the Topeka Constitution, 152! ncHPnrar's pkecisct. State Ticket. Representative to Con gress, M. J. Parrott, 46 scattering 2; for all the State' officers, 48.. . District TicxET-Senator,' C. F. W. Leonhardt, 48; Representative, C' Colum bia, 47 scattering, 1. For the Topeka Constitution, 48! - COtTSCII. GROVE PEZCTSCT. State Ticket.- Representative to Con gress, M.J. Parrott. 23; for State officers, 23. District .. Ticket '. Senator, .C. F. W. Leonhardt, 3;: Representative, C. Colum bia, 23. For the Topeka Constitution, 23! teakxet's pbecikct. State Ticket. Representative to Con gress, M. J. Parrott, 22; for State officers. 22. District Ticket. Senator, C. F. W. Leonhardt, 8; Representative, C. Columbia, 22. JTor the Topeka Constitution 22! : c6rts feecixct. State Ticket. Representative to Con gress, M. J. Parrott, 24; for State officers, 24. District Ticket. Senator, C. 'F. W. Leonhardt, 20; Representative, C. Colum bia, 24! For the Topeka Constitution, 24! We have received no official returns from the Kanzas Centre precinct, but understand that the number of votes cast was over for ty. This would make the total number of votes cast in this District over three hun dred. This is not a3 large as we expected, but does well considering the short notice and the small effort made. It will be seen that Mr. Leonhardt, the candidate for Sena- ator, falls behind the balance of the ticket considerably. No other candidate was voted for, however, his name having been simply erased. The vote on the Topeka Constitution is peculiarly gratifying. There is no room for doubt as to the position occupied by the people of this District in regard to that in strument. What of Gov. Walker's promise about a "fair election?" Will the Governor point out to us a "Constitutional" method of re gaining our rights, except by a strict ad herence to the Topeks-Ccmatitutkm? - WTmt will he do about the infamous apportion ment? He will probably creep behind that awful oath he swore to "Jeems" Buchanan, and say he has no power to give us relief. If he has no power to give us a fair elec tion we have no use for him, and respect fully ask him to take himself and the troops out of Kanzas, and we will make a quick er settlement of this matter than the Ad ministration ever dreamed of. Walker's only object in promising a fair election to the people, was to draw them over to him, and get them so committed against the Free State "policy as to make it impossi ble for them . to retrace their steps, and thus create a fatal division in the Free State ranks. He has not succeeded, however, and it was probably his want of success, to gether with the furious denunciations of the Southern press, which has led him to place himself in open antagonism to the Free State men, by his Lawrence expedi tion. The Missouri Kanzas Fund. The Lexington (Mo.) Express says that Lafayette County gave over 6100,000 to as sist in making Kanzas a Slave Stale! It asks the pro-slavery party in Kanzas to make ?. slewing as to how the money was used. In some of the Missouri counties the pro priety of levying a general tax for the pur pose of remunerating those who contributed liberally to make Kanzas a Slave State, is being agitated, the investment being likely to prove a failure. After .paying such a tax a few times, the people will begin to open their eyes. , - Pro err of the Freeman's Champion makes a milk-and-water denial of Mr. Phillip's statement about Brown's advances to him (Prouty) as related by our Law rence correspondent a few weeks since. It amounts to no denial at all ; and if Prouty had had time to reSoet, and not been 'snapt up' so fiercely by Brown while in the Her aid office, he would not have placed him self in this ridiculous position. Brown does not deny Mr. Phillip's statement but con tents himself with referring to Prouty. All the satisfaction he can get out of Prouty's explanation will do him very little good. Ransom; the National Democratic Candi date for Territorial Delegate to Congress, is announced to speak at Council ' Grove on the 19th inst. We should like to hear him at Emporia, but have no idea that he will ever make his "appearance visible" here or at any other place in the Territory where the Free State, element predominates, al though claiming to be a Free State man. A Pro-Slavery Mass Meeting wa3 held at O lathe, Johnson Co., Kanzas, on the 30th ult., at which it was resolved, " That we will not surrender to the , Free State party the ballot boxes at the approaching tkctum in October, next." ; '- Quad's Jottings. Feixjtd News: For senie "time' past, fyours devotedly," has had in contempla tion a visit to the settlements bn the Upper Neosho, and having a few days since receiv ed a quarto commission from ;?'Laxe, the Organizer," to superintend the enrolling of the Militia in this District, concluded to make my visit - at once, and by so doing, 'kill two birds with one stone !" Accord ingly, on the afternoon of Tuesday, the 4th inst, I started, "armed and equiped" with the' aforesaid commission of the General's, and furnished with sundry copies of Tns Kanzas Nrws as testimonials of my good character. Went "a-foot" persons in my circumstances' generally travel in that man ner. The .- day was moderately warm the mercury standing at 105 in the shade. My path lay along the high prairie on the south side of the Neosho, and after getting a distance of four miles from Emporia, I was not greeted by the sightof , a dwelling until I arrived at Capt. Columbia's, fifteen miles distant. Nearly if not quite all the timber ed claims along the Neosho, however, are taken, and under a state -of cultivation, but the settlers mostly live on the north side of the stream, as on that side is situated the main body of the timber. About half-past six o'clock I arrived at Capt. Columbia's, our newly-elected Repre sentative, and found him in the enjoyment of good health, good nature, and a snug home. Mr. Columbia is living on what is known as the Kaw Reservation. He has been liv ing here for over two years. I was sur prised to learn. from observation, and the statements of others, that all the timbered claims on this Reserve were at this time oc cupied by squatters. ' The Indians and their agent have tried every means to keep them from settling on this land, and to drive them off ; but their efforts have been in vain the settlers resolutely asserting that the land did not belong to the Indians; that they (the Indians) had been wrongly located by the Government, in violation of the' treaty made with them. There is no doubt but what, in this matter, the settlers have truth and jus tice on their side, although Government ha3 chosen, thus far, to disregard their rights From Capt.' Columbia's I went to Mr. Godard's, half a mile distant, and tarried there for the night. The exercises of the af ternoon had given me a good appetite for supper and rest, and I gladly accepted the host's kind invitation to "stay over night with us." I should have been monstrous glad to have staid longer, but "militia bu siness" was pressing, and so next morning I started, having first been provided by Mr. Godard with a horse to finish my journey. My next point was "Agnes City," seven miles distant, on Rock Creek, at the crossing of th Santa. Fa road. I. did not discover the city at first, but.it was pointecTout tp me. j.ne site is a ffooa one, duc Demr on the Reservation no attempt has as yet been made to improve it, and probably will not be until the question concerning tne title is def initely settled. , On the north side of Rock Creek, and immediately opposite to Agnes, lives Mr. A. I. Baker. He has lived here about three years, and has the most comfortable looking place we have seen these many days. Genuine hospitality reigns here, supreme Perhaps Mr. Quad's "recommendations" spoken of above -had some influence in the premises ; but one thing is certain that he was never better treated ; for all of which he is profoundly, thankful, and promises to "call again, soon." Having transacted my "militia business" at this point, I rode over to Council Grove, distant from Agnes, eight miles. Council Grove consists of three losr trading houses, as many dwellings, and a Mission House. The location is a good one, and at some future day, when the Indians are removed, will make a point of conside rable importance. I returned to Mr. Godard's the same eve ning, remained until next morning, and then, taking the north side of the Neosho, returned to Emporia. A visit among the "Squatter Sovereigns" does one good. There is so much genuine independence of character to be seen, that it helps wonderfully to strengthen the knees and backs which may have been weakened in political strife and trickery. More anon. Devotedly, M. QUAD They hang murderers at Leavenworth, without giving them the 'benefit of clergy.' A few days since, a man was murdered there for his money. The citizens arrested the murderer and an accomplice, and hung them at once. J udge Leeompte attempted to persuade the citizens to let the villains have a trial before his Court; but they did not wish the murderers, to have such jus tice as Leeompte is in. the habit of giving them. - The "Newspaper He cord. . t We have before U3 a copy of the "News paper Record' published by Lay fc Brother, Philadelphia, containing a complete list of newspapers and periodicals in the United States, Canada and Great Britain; together with a sketch of, the origin and progress, of Printing, with some facts about newspapers in Europe and America.' This work is one of value to business men and editors espe cially, and we can cordially recommend it to them as such. An advertisement of it will be found m our columns to-dav "What queer men- the Western editors are. -I should think thev tvera crarv ' ciM a little news reader of ten to his mother, after reading to her one of the extravagan ces which are invariably imputed to an ed itor out wesu .-- : "You don't craita undesLnrI if. tnv Atar replied the thoughtful matron, "a Western editor is only another name for an Eastern I .. tuuor urauK. Sketch of a Border Kuffian. ; " Dr. Gihon, the Private Secretary of ex- Governor Geary, gives the following-truth ful and graphic picture of the world-renown ed Border Ruffian. Every citizen of Kan zas will attest to its accuracy. As the race is fast becoming extinct, so few now being found who will acknowledge the name, they will soon be as scarce as witches, v Hence a painting of them drawn from life, will in a few years be of great interest: ' . j "Active preparations for war were dis cernible at all the river towns. . At Lex- inrrton, a large crowd was assembled on the levee, many of the persons comprising it loaded with arms. - But at Kanzas City the warlike demonstrations were - stiU greater. Thi3 town is on the southern side of the mouth of Kanzas river, which, at this point, separates Missouri from the .Territory of Kanzas. It is situated about five miles from Westport, near the eastern boundary of Kanzas, wnere tne Missouri army was con centrating preparatory to the invasion of the Territory. Both of these towns have become notorious as places of refuge for the most desperate, characters, whose almost nameless crimes have blackened tne annais. of Kanzas, and as being the resorts of nu merous combinations which have there con gregated to plot against its peace. . In a word, they are the strong-holds of the hfc-orst of the "Border Ruffians." Let it not be understood that tins latter term is considered by those to . whom it is applied as one of reproach. On the con trary they boast of it, are proud oi it, glo ry in it, and do all in their power . to merit it, and very many of them have been emi nently successful. In their , manner they assume the character of the ruffian in their dress they exhibit the appearance of the ruffian and in their conversation they are ruffians indeed. They imitate and resemble the guerrillas, lad rones, or greasers of Mex icothe brigands of Spain or Italy, or the pirates, robbers and murderers of the the atre. . On the leyee at Kanzas City stood a sort of omnibus or wagon, used to convey passengers to and from Westport, upon ei ther side of which was painted, in flaming capitals, the words 'BoanER Rcftian.' Standing about in groups, or running in every direction, were numbers oi tlie men who claim for themselves that gentle appei lation. A description of one of these wfll give the reader some idea of their general char acteristics. Imagine, then, a man standing in a pair of long boots, covered with dust and mud, and drawn over his trowsers, the latter made of coarse, fancy -colored cloth, weU soiled the handle of a large bowie knife projecting from one or both boot-tops a leather belt buckled around his waist, on each side of which is fastened a large re volver a red or blue shirt, with a heart, anchor, eagle, or some other favorite device braided on the breast and back, over which is swung a rifle or carbine a sword dan gling by his side an old slouched hat, with a cockado or brass star on the front or side, and a chicken, goose or turkey feath er sticking in the top hair uncut and un combed, covering his neck and shoulders an unshaved face and unwashed hand9. Imagine such a picture, of humanity, who ean swear a givn number of oaths in any specified time drink any quantity ot bad whisky without getting drunk, and boast of having stolen a half-dozen horses and killed one oX more abolitionists, and you wUl have a pretty fair conception of a border ruman as he appeared in Missouri and Kanzas. He has, however, the happy laculty oi assuming a very oinerent aspect. iike other animals, he can shed his coat and change his colors. In the City of Wash ington,' he is quite another person. You wiU see him in the corridors of the first class hotels, upon Pennsylvania Avenue, in the Rotunda of the , Capitol, or the spa cious halls of the White House, dressed in the finest broadcloth, and in the extreme of fashion; his hair trimmed, his face smooth ed, and his hands cleansed; his whole de portment that of innocence, and his speech so smooth, studied and oily, "as to con vince even the sagacious President him self, that he is a , veritable and polished gentleman, and obtain from , the wise heads that form the cabinet, the most important posts' of trust, honor and emolument in the gift of the nation' f ' - Walker's Liquor BillWho Shall pay it! A correspondent of the Lawrence Re publican writing from Leavenworth, gives to that paper the foUowing report of the Committee of the City Council in regard to the payment of Walker's Liquor BUI: . Leavenwobth Citt, JK.T., . - - July 23th, 1857. "The committee to whom was referred the bill ' presented to the Council against the city of Leavenworth, for the entertain ment of Gov. Walker and suite,, ask leave to make the following report: - 'We find on examination, that upon the arrival of his Excellency, Robert J. Walk er, Tnour""city on" the "25th of May last;1 that the City Council passed a resolution tendering the hospitality of the city to the new Governor, believing that the then act ing Council contemplated giving his Ex cellency an entertainment suitable to the oc casion and creditable to our young city. At two o'clock of the same day, the Gov ernor was requested to address the citizens who had gathered in Large numbers in front of the Planter's House; he refused to address them, but in lieu thereof had bottles of bran dy and champagne to the value of two hun dred and ten (8210) dollars, distributed amongst the crowd- that were present, and this bill is now. presented by. the proprie tors of the said Planter's House ' for pay ment. - ' - . "We are, first, opposed to the allowance of this bill because it was not contemplated by the City Council that the hospitality of this city,' so generously tendered his Ex cellency, should be thus abused. "And in the second place, that it would establish a dangerous and pernicious prec edent. - ' . .. "And in the third place, we will not give our influence nor open the city treasury for the encouragement of - intemperance, - the moineroi crime. , "vie therefore recommend that the bill be laid on the table. All of which is re spectfully submitted." - . Signed, ; S. N. Latta, - Hejtet Foot, , - N. M. Sattiso. Where is the Temperance Editor of the Herald of Freedom? r Subscribe for the " News." From the N.'.l. Evening Post - The Free laborer's Great Argument. At Last the people of the Southern States are seriously looking the question of eman cipation in . the face. . J. he movements in Missouri and Virginia are not the only evi dences of it; almost every day new indica tions reach us of a decaying confidence in bond labor, and a corresponding inquiry into the economy of the free. One of the most encouraging symptoms -of this kind has just come under our notice.- It is - the publication. of. a bock, written. by ll.-R. Helper, of North Carolina, who has collect ed in a volume of some four hundred pages the most compact and irresistible array oi facts anl arguments to prove uie impolicy of slavery, that we remember to have en countered. The book is entitled, "The Im pending Crisis of the South How to Meet It" and is published by Burdick Brothers, of this city. Mr. Helper is a resident of n v i t i i n x "V jt rt csaiiSDury, xw)wianu- iouiuy, isorui Caro lina, where his family has resided for sev eral generations. He became dissatisfied with the way things were going with him and his neighbors, and naturaUy concluded that there must be some reason for the greater prosperity of the Northern States. He was not long in finding what that rea son was, and lie Had tne courage to pro claim it. He says that slavery is sucking the life-Iood of the South, and that she can prosper ia nothing until she gets rid of it To prove this and to convince. his neighbors of their folly in persisting in it, he wrote the book to which we have alluded. He has here - collected a body of facts and statistics against the economy, which seem to us quite as irresistible as Newton's ar gument to prove the universality and terms of the law of gravitation. We have never seen the facts arrayed with so much pow er. We propose to give some of the results of his elaborate, and, we believe, conscien tious calculations, under the impression mat tney will reveal many new and surpris ing aspects of this much vexed subject. If slavery has an advantage over free labor in anything, it must be in the cultiva tion of the soil; in agriculture. - Here are some of the comparative results of free and slave labor agriculture The crop of bushel-measure products, such as wheat, oats,. Indian corn, potatoes rye, barley, buckwheat, beans and peas, clover and grass-seeds, flax-seed, garden products and orchard products, in the Free States, amounted in 1350 to 499,190,041 bushels, and was valued at 8351,709,703. The same crop in the Slave States, - with 233,911 square miles larger area of terri tory, amounted to only 48,766,889 bushels, valued at 8306,927,067, or - less than the Free States some seventeen millions of bush els nearly forty -four miUions of dollars iviucn as the South boasts oi its enor mous cotton crop, Mr. Helper shows that the hay ; crop alone of the Northern States is worth considerably more than all the cot ton, rice, hay and hemp . produced in the hfteen blave btates, more than four times the value of all the cotton produced in the country; also, that the single State of New York produces more than three ' times the quantity of hay that is produced in all the felave btates together. Here is his table : hat chop or the fuse states ix 1855. 12,690)82 tons at $11.20 (average) , $142,133,993 SCSKST JIIODIJCTS OF.TIEB HAVE STATES. Cotton 2,445,779 bales, at $32 - - - - - 78,260,928 Tobaeco 185,023,906 bales at $10 - - -Rice, (rough) 215,313,- 497 has at $4 - -ILiv 1,137,784 bales at $1150 V - - - -Hemp 34,673 bales at $112 - - - - - - 18,502,390 8,612,539 12,743,180 3,883,376 Cane Suear 237,1 33, 000 bales at $7 - - 1 6,599,310-$138,605,319 Balance in favor of Free States $3,533,275 In the pound ' measure products of the soil Mr. Helper proves a much more strik ing contrast than in the bushel measure Here is his recapitulation : ' FREE STATES. . Hay, - - 28,427,799.680 lbs at l-2e $142,138,998 22,176 519,476 304,827 Hemn, - - 443,520" 5c. Hops, - - - 3,463,176 " 15c. 10c. 8o. 10c. 35c. 15c. 15c. iflax, - - - 3,U4S,278 " Maple Sagar, 32 J 64,799 " Tobacco, - - 14,752,087 " 2,573,493 . 1,475,208 13,876,523 Wool, 39,647,211 " Batter and Cheese, - Beeswax & Honey, - 349,860,683 " - 6,8138,363 " 52,479,117 1,033,225 Total, . 23,878,064,902 lbs Valued &s above, - - - . - . SLAVE STATES. Hay, - - 2,543,636,160 lbs. at l-2c. $214,422,523 $i2,743,180 Hemp, -Hops, - -Flax, - -M. Sng'r -Tobacco, -Wool, - -Butter & Cheese, -Beeswax & hon'y. Cotton, -Cane Sugar, -Rice, Rough, - 3,883,376" 5,067 476,619 167,094 18,502,390 , 4,478,065 10,295,133 1,194,714 78,264,928 16,599,310 3,612,539 Total, 4,338,370,661 lbs. - -; Valued as irborB at; "$15533,4154 TOTAL DIFFERENCE FOCJED XZA6CSE rzODUCTS. Pounds. 23373,00402 4,338,370,661 . Value. Free States, - -Slave States, - $214,422,523 155,223,415 Balance in lbs, 24,539,692.241 Difference in value, - - -. -: - - $59499408 These figures, we believe, would have startled even Mr; Calhoun, if he had lived to read them. But the contrast is not by any means exhausted 'yet. Here we have the relative productivenes of the free and slave-tilled farms: - - . FKEZ STATES. " . Wheat, - - - - - 12 hush t la per acre. Rye,. , - . - . - - 18 . " Indian Corn, ' - - : 31 - Irish Potatoes,; - ' - - 125 . .' ' -- SLAVE STATES. Wheat, ' - - - 9 bushels per aere Oate, - - - ' . ' 17 " " Rye, - - - .. . ii - Indian Corn, . --- - - 20 . Irish Potatoes, - - - . 113 . Add up these two columns of figures and what is the result ? ;'. Two hundred and thirteen bushels as the product of five acres in the North, and only one hundred and seventy bushels as the product of five acres in the South. Looking at each item separ ately, we will find that the average crop per acre of every article enumerated is greater in tile Free Stales than in the Slave States- while the tables at large which precede the recapitulation we nave quoted, show that. while Massachusetts produces sixteen bush els of wheat to the acre, Virginia produces Area of Slave Slates, Aiva. f Fit-e States, 851 ,503 square miles. 1 n fjvor of Slave States, 238.911 77,667,520 " " Sc." 33,780 " 15c. 4,766,198 " " 10c. 2,088,687 " " 8c. 185,023,906 " " 15c. 12,797,329 " " 35c. 68,63424 " " 15c. 7,964,760 " 15c. 978,311,600 " " -8c. . 237,133,000 " 7e. 215,313,497 " " 4c only seven ; that Pennsylvania produces fifteen and Georgia only five ; that while Iowa produces thirty-six bushels of oats to ; the acre,. Mississippi produces only twelve ; that Rhode Island produces thirty, and North Carolina only ten; that while Ohio produces twenty-five bushels of rye to the acre, Ken tucky produces only eleven ; that Vermont produces twenty, and Tennesee only seven; that while Connecticut produces lorty bush els of .Indian corn, to the acre, Texas pro duces only twenty; that New Jersey pro duces thirty-three, and fooulh Uarolina only eleven; that while New Hampshire produces two hundred bushels of Irish potatoes to the acre, Maryland produces only seventy five; that Michigan produces one hundred and forty, and Alabama only sixty. The difference in value . of live stock. slaughtered animals and farms, is, if possi ble, still more striking. The following is a recapitulation of his tables : f FREE STATES, Value of Live Stock, -Value of Animals flanghtered, - - $286376,541 - 56,990,237 2,233,058,619 $2,576,425,397 - $253,723,087 54,333,377 - r.183,995474 $1,492,107,338 Value of Farms, Farming Imple ments and Machinery, y Total, - - - 7 - SLAVE STATES. Value of live Stock, - - ' Value of animals slaughtered, ' Value of Farms, Farming Im plements and Juachinery, Total, - - DIFFERENCE IX VALCE FARJIS ASD DOMESTIC AXIMALS. Free States, ; - ... $2,576,425,397 Slave States, - - - . :, 1.492,107,333 Balance in favor of the Free States, $1,084,318,059 By adding to this last balance in favor of Free States the difference in value of the bushel and pound-measure products, we shall have a wry correct idea of the extent to which the undivided agricultural inter ests of 'the Free States preponderate over those of the Slave States. Let us add the differences together, and" see what will be the result: BALANCE ALL l!f FAVOR OF THE KORTH. Difference in the value of bushel measure products, - - - - . $44,782,636 Difference in the value of pound measure products, - - - 59,199,108 Difference in the value of farms - and domestic animals, - - 1,084,318,059 Total, - :- - - - $1488,299,803 -Thus it appears that, in spite of all the loud talk of. Southern politicians about the agricultural products of the South support ing the country, the entire value of all tlie agricultural interests of the Free States is very nearly twice as great as the entire value of all the agricultural interests of the Slave States, showing a balance in favor of the Free States of one lillion one hundred and eigltty-eight million two hundred ninety-nine thousand eight hundred and three dollars. Of the mineral productions of the two sections Mr. Helper dees not give any de tailed statistics, but he states, upon what he deems sufficient authority, that tlie marble and free-stone quarries of New England are far more important sources of revenue, than all the subterranean deposits in the Slave States, and that the total value of all the precious metals, rocks, minerals and mineral waters annually extracted from the bowels of the Free States is not less than eighty -five millions of dollars, and seven times as much as the product of the Slave States from the same sources. Mr. Helper's tables show also that the e"n-r tire wealth of the Free and Slave States compared, is as follows : Entire wealth of tlie Free States, $4,102,172,103 Entire wealth of tlie Slave States, including Slaves, - - - 2,936,090,737 Bah in favor of the Free States, $1,166,081,371 We will not attempt to follow Mr. Helper any further with his comparisons, which are infinite in number and upon almost every conceivable subject, but all tending to prove the same general truth, that free labor has uniformly proved more profitable than slave labor, and that the exchange of slave for free labor is the only resource which is left the South for escape from be coming a waste. - Indian Troubles in Minnesota. , St. Pact. wa. Dubuque, July 24. A man just arrived from the . Sioux agency on the Minnesota, reports that the negotiations with the Indians have now as sumed a belligerent aspect, and war with them is inevitable. The refusal on the part of the superintendent to pay the annuities until the Sioux shall deliver to him the Ink-pa-du-ta's bands, caused great difficulty. About 10,000 Indians of the Upper Sioux, Catheads, Yanktons and Mowakantons have assumed a hostile attitude, -to appease whom there are only two hundred troops. The . Indians are very bold and defiant, having surrounded the whole : body of troops on the 1 8th and inviting them to fight. They are well armed.' The houses of the missionariesj Revs. Biggs and Wil liamson are guarded by friendly Indians. Col. Noble's Pacific . wagon road Party are encamped on the Big Sioux and pre pared tor -a successful, resistance should, they be attacked. - .-. . ; Minnesota Ctomstitutioiial Convention. . St. Pact- Jnly 22, via Dubuque 25. - The double headed Constitutional Conven tion is still in session-: the Republicans in Convention Hall, A. D. Balcombe, Prest; Democrats in Council Chamber, presided over by H. H, Sibley The Republicans number 69 members, all of whom have cre dentials, which have been presented and members quahfied. Democrats numbered to day only 32, several having become disaffec ted and returned home. The credentials of members remaining, have not been reported upon. No permanent organization yet. The Republican Convention organized and stand ing, committees appointed. Committee on preamble and bill of rights has submitted a report... .. -. . . .. .. The Democrats were in . private caucus5 yesterday P. M. advising with Hon. H. M Rice and Gov. Medary. The course resolved upon not yet apparent. It seems1 probable now that both bodies will continue to iasist that it is the Constitutional Coaventionand both will form and adopt a constitution to be submmitted to tlie people. , - Whipped In. " Gov. Walker has fully declared fiiinself to be in favor of a six1 months residence and payment f taxes, ' as a' qualification riot on ly to vote for the constitution to be made in September next,' but also- for memlers of the legislature and all county and inferior officers.' He is as violent against the aboli tionist ss a ioUnded snake.- We hope, and have rww some show that he will tumble his speculitiv scheme overboard and come out under the true colors. The danger of an exposal. by the Black Republicans is the only draw back. -Wesfforl t(rr of Enqirf-